keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Risks for pneumonia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726663/-peculiarities-of-community-acquired-pneumonia-in-children-with-neurological-pathology
#1
O Zubarenko, G Kopiyka, T Kravchenko, L Koval, K Gurienko
Neurological disorders in children highly affect the course of pneumonia, its outcome and the development of possible complications. The aim of the study was to reveal clinical and paraclinical features of community-acquired pneumonia in younger children with neurologic pathology infantile cerebral palsy. Under observation were 37 children with community-acquired pneumonia aged 1 to 3 years that suffered from spastic forms of infantile cerebral palsy. The comparison group consisted of 30 children with community-acquired pneumonia without any concomitant neurological pathology...
June 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726625/risk-for-death-among-children-with-pneumonia-afghanistan
#2
Rahmani Zabihullah, Bhim G Dhoubhadel, Ferogh A Rauf, Sahab A Shafiq, Motoi Suzuki, Kiwao Watanabe, Lay M Yoshida, Michio Yasunami, Salihi Zabihullah, Christopher M Parry, Rabi Mirwais, Koya Ariyoshi
In Afghanistan, childhood deaths from pneumonia are high. Among 639 children at 1 hospital, the case-fatality rate was 12.1%, and 46.8% of pneumococcal serotypes detected were covered by the 13-valent vaccine. Most deaths occurred within 2 days of hospitalization; newborns and malnourished children were at risk. Vaccination could reduce pneumonia and deaths.
August 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724637/predictors-of-mortality-in-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-mers
#3
Ki-Ho Hong, Jae-Phil Choi, Seon-Hui Hong, Jeewon Lee, Ji-Soo Kwon, Sun-Mi Kim, Se Yoon Park, Ji-Young Rhee, Baek-Nam Kim, Hee Jung Choi, Eui-Cheol Shin, Hyunjoo Pai, Su-Hyung Park, Sung-Han Kim
We evaluated the clinical characteristics, cytokine/chemokine concentrations, viral shedding and antibody kinetics in 30 patients with Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), including 6 non-survivors admitted to 3 MERS-designated hospitals. Old age, low albumin, altered mentality and high pneumonia severity index score at admission were risk factors for mortality. In addition, severe signs of inflammation at initial presentation (at hospital days 1-4), such as high inducible protein-10 (p=0.0013), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (p=0...
July 19, 2017: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722632/pilot-intervention-study-of-household-ventilation-and-fine-particulate-matter-concentrations-in-a-low-income-urban-area-dhaka-bangladesh
#4
Anne M Weaver, Shahana Parveen, Doli Goswami, Christina Crabtree-Ide, Carole Rudra, Jihnhee Yu, Lina Mu, Alicia M Fry, Iffat Sharmin, Stephen P Luby, Pavani K Ram
Fine particulate matter (PM2.5) is a risk factor for pneumonia; ventilation may be protective. We tested behavioral and structural ventilation interventions on indoor PM2.5 in Dhaka, Bangladesh. We recruited 59 good ventilation (window or door in ≥ 3 walls) and 29 poor ventilation (no window, one door) homes. We monitored baseline indoor and outdoor PM2.5 for 48 hours. We asked all participants to increase ventilation behavior, including opening windows and doors, and operating fans. Where permitted, we installed windows in nine poor ventilation homes, then repeated PM2...
May 30, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721572/i-fabp-is-a-novel-marker-for-the-detection-of-intestinal-injury-in-severely-injured-trauma-patients
#5
M Voth, M Duchene, B Auner, T Lustenberger, B Relja, I Marzi
BACKGROUND: Intestinal injury is a rare injury in multiply traumatized patients, and its diagnosis remains difficult. Delayed diagnosis of an intestinal injury increases the risk of sepsis, multiple organ failure and mortality. The intestinal fatty acid-binding protein (I-FABP) is solely expressed in the intestine and is released extracellulary after tissue damage. This study evaluates the validity of I-FABP as an early biomarker to detect an abdominal injury and particularly an injury to the intestine...
July 18, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719897/clinical-manifestations-and-prognostic-factors-of-pneumocystis-jirovecii-pneumonia-without-hiv
#6
Nobuhiro Asai, Shinji Motojima, Yoshihiro Ohkuni, Ryo Matsunuma, Takuya Iwasaki, Kei Nakashima, Keiji Sogawa, Tamao Nakashita, Norihiro Kaneko
INTRODUCTION: Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) can occur in HIV patients but also in those without HIV (non-HIV PCP) but with other causes of immunodeficiency including malignancy or rheumatic diseases. OBJECTIVE AND METHODS: To evaluate the clinical presentation and prognostic factors of non-HIV PCP, we retrospectively reviewed all patients diagnosed as having PCP without HIV at Kameda Medical Center, Chiba, Japan, from January 2005 until June 2012. For the purpose of examining a prognostic factor for non-HIV PCP with 30-day mortality, we compared the characteristics of patients, clinical symptoms, radiological images, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (PS), and the time from the onset of respiratory symptoms to the start of therapy, in both survival and fatality groups...
July 19, 2017: Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719692/association-of-changing-hospital-readmission-rates-with-mortality-rates-after-hospital-discharge
#7
Kumar Dharmarajan, Yongfei Wang, Zhenqiu Lin, Sharon-Lise T Normand, Joseph S Ross, Leora I Horwitz, Nihar R Desai, Lisa G Suter, Elizabeth E Drye, Susannah M Bernheim, Harlan M Krumholz
Importance: The Affordable Care Act has led to US national reductions in hospital 30-day readmission rates for heart failure (HF), acute myocardial infarction (AMI), and pneumonia. Whether readmission reductions have had the unintended consequence of increasing mortality after hospitalization is unknown. Objective: To examine the correlation of paired trends in hospital 30-day readmission rates and hospital 30-day mortality rates after discharge. Design, Setting, and Participants: Retrospective study of Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries aged 65 years or older hospitalized with HF, AMI, or pneumonia from January 1, 2008, through December 31, 2014...
July 18, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719310/severity-of-pneumonia-in-under-5-year-old-children-from-developing-countries-a-multicenter-prospective-observational-study
#8
Thomas Bénet, Valentina Sanchez Picot, Shally Awasthi, Nitin Pandey, Ashish Bavdekar, Anand Kawade, Annick Robinson, Mala Rakoto-Andrianarivelo, Maryam Sylla, Souleymane Diallo, Graciela Russomando, Wilma Basualdo, Florence Komurian-Pradel, Hubert Endtz, Philippe Vanhems, Gláucia Paranhos-Baccalà, For The Gabriel Network
Pneumonia is the leading cause of death in children. The objectives were to evaluate the microbiological agents linked with hypoxemia in hospitalized children with pneumonia from developing countries, to identify predictors of hypoxemia, and to characterize factors associated with in-hospital mortality. A multicenter, observational study was conducted in five hospitals, from India (Lucknow, Vadu), Madagascar (Antananarivo), Mali (Bamako), and Paraguay (San Lorenzo). Children aged 2-60 months with radiologically confirmed pneumonia were enrolled prospectively...
July 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718658/the-effect-of-nurse-to-patient-ratios-on-nurse-sensitive-patient-outcomes-in-acute-specialist-units-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Andrea Driscoll, Maria J Grant, Diane Carroll, Sally Dalton, Christi Deaton, Ian Jones, Daniela Lehwaldt, Gabrielle McKee, Theresa Munyombwe, Felicity Astin
BACKGROUND: Nurses are pivotal in the provision of high quality care in acute hospitals. However, the optimal dosing of the number of nurses caring for patients remains elusive. In light of this, an updated review of the evidence on the effect of nurse staffing levels on patient outcomes is required. AIM: To undertake a systematic review and meta-analysis examining the association between nurse staffing levels and nurse-sensitive patient outcomes in acute specialist units...
July 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716776/increased-risk-for-thionamide-induced-agranulocytosis-in-elderly-patients-a-case-presentation-and-literature-review
#10
Sumera Bukhari, Muhammad Khan, Naresh Kumar, Vinuta Mohan
Thionamides, such as methimazole and propylthiouracil, are used for the management of hyperthyroidism. Agranulocytosis is a rare adverse effect of thionamides and elderly patients are especially vulnerable. Here we discuss a case of an 80-year-old woman who developed agranulocytosis and pneumonia approximately 4 weeks after starting low dose methimazole therapy. Despite aggressive treatment with broad-spectrum antibiotics and granulocyte colony stimulating factor, she developed multiorgan failure and died. Our goals are to identify risk factors common to elderly patients and hopefully improve outcomes in this population when prescribed thionamides...
July 17, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716451/multidrug-resistant-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-lower-respiratory-tract-infections-in-the-intensive-care-unit-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#11
Trang D Trinh, Evan J Zasowski, Kimberly C Claeys, Abdalhamid M Lagnf, Shravya Kidambi, Susan L Davis, Michael J Rybak
Intensive care unit (ICU) admission is a risk for multidrug-resistant (MDR) Pseudomonas aeruginosa, but factors specific to critically ill pneumonia patients are not fully characterized. Objective was to determine risk factors associated with MDR P. aeruginosa pneumonia among ICU patients. This was a retrospective case-control study of P. aeruginosa pneumonia in the ICU; cystic fibrosis and colonizers were excluded. Risk factors included comorbid conditions and prior healthcare exposure (anti-pseudomonal antibiotics, hospitalizations, nursing home, P...
June 19, 2017: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716387/respiratory-virus-prior-to-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-is-associated-with-allo-immune-mediated-lung-syndromes
#12
Birgitta Versluys, Marc Bierings, Jean Luc Murk, Tom Wolfs, Caroline Lindemans, Kors Vd Ent, Jaap Jan Boelens
BACKGROUND: Allo-immune mediated lung syndromes (allo-LS) are life-threatening complications after hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). Respiratory virus (RV) has been suggested to play a role in the pathogenesis. OBJECTIVE: We studied the relation between RV-DNA/RNA detection in upper/lower airway before HCT and the occurrence of allo-LS. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed all HCT recipients between 2004 and 2014, in whom Real-Time PCR for RV was done from Nasal-Pharyngeal-Aspirates (NPA) and Broncho-Alveolar- Lavage (BAL) before HCT...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715344/community-acquired-pneumonia-incidence-before-and-after-proton-pump-inhibitor-prescription-population-based-study
#13
Fatmah Othman, Colin J Crooks, Timothy R Card
Objective To examine the risk of community acquired pneumonia before and after prescription of proton pump inhibitor (PPI) and assess whether unmeasured confounding explains this association.Design Cohort study and self controlled case series.Setting Clinical Practice Research Datalink (1990 to 2013) in UK.Participants Adult patients with a new prescription for a PPI individually matched with controls.Main outcome measures Association of community acquired pneumonia with PPI prescription estimated by three methods: a multivariable Cox model comparing risk in PPI exposed patients with controls, corrected for potential confounders; a self controlled case series; and a prior event rate ratio (PERR) analysis over the 12 month periods before and after the first PPI prescription...
November 15, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714745/long-term-use-of-inhaled-corticosteroids-and-risk-of-upper-respiratory-tract-infection-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-meta-analysis
#14
Mingjin Yang, Hong Chen, Yan Zhang, Yuejun Du, Ying Xu, Ping Jiang, Zhibo Xu
Recent studies have suggested that inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) may be associated with higher risks of tuberculosis and pneumonia in patients with COPD. However, it is not known whether ICS increases the risk of upper respiratory tract infection (URTI). Aim of this study was to explore the relationship between ICS and URTI. Through a comprehensive literature search of PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and Google Scholar from inception to March 2016, we identified randomized controlled trials of ICS therapy lasting at least 6 months...
July 17, 2017: Inhalation Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714426/suicide-following-acute-admissions-for-physical-illnesses-across-england-and-wales
#15
S E Roberts, A John, U Kandalama, J G Williams, R A Lyons, K Lloyd
BACKGROUND: The study aim was to establish and quantify suicide risk following acute admissions for all major physical illnesses, for confirmatory purposes, from two independent information sources from different countries. METHODS: Record linkage of inpatient and death certificate data for 11 004 389 acute admissions for physical illnesses in England and 713 496 in Wales. The main outcome measure was standardised mortality ratios (SMRs) for suicide at 1 year following discharge from hospital...
July 17, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714287/bacteremia-prediction-model-for-community-acquired-pneumonia-external-validation-in-a-multicenter-retrospective-cohort
#16
Byunghyun Kim, Jungho Choi, Kyuseok Kim, Sujin Jang, Tae Gun Shin, Won Young Kim, Jung-Youn Kim, Yoo Seok Park, Soo Hyun Kim, Hui Jai Lee, Jonghwan Shin, JeSung You, Kyung Su Kim, Sung Phil Chung
OBJECTIVE: Many studies have described constructing a prediction model for bacteremia in community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), but these studies were not validated in external heterogeneous groups. The objective of this study was to test the generalizability of a previous bacteremia prediction model for CAP by external validation. METHODS: This multicenter retrospective cohort analysis was performed in eight tertiary urban hospital emergency departments (ED). We reviewed adult patients who were hospitalized after presentation to the ED with CAP...
July 16, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713087/clinical-factors-related-to-post-stroke-fatigue-within-the-first-3-month-after-acute-cerebrovascular-events
#17
Iryna I Delva, Mykhaylo Y Delva, Volodymyr A Poltorapavlov
INTRODUCTION: Post-stroke fatigue (PSF) is a common stroke complication with long-term negative consequences. AIM: Assess the rates of certain PSF domains within first 3 months after different acute cerebrovascular events (ACE) and identify clinical factors associated with each PSF domain. MATERIAL AND METHODS: There were examined 285 patients (195 with ischemic strokes, 39 with hemorrhagic strokes and 51 with transient ischemic attacks (TIA)) consequently at hospital stay, in 1 month and in 3 months after ACE...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712737/pharmacists-can-help-prevent-lipoid-pneumonia
#18
Ann E Cabri, Afoma King, Lee Morrow, Mark A Malesker
OBJECTIVES: To report 2 cases of lipoid pneumonia. SUMMARY: Lipoid pneumonia is an inflammatory process in the lower airways due to the presence of lipid molecules in the alveoli. Exogenous lipoid pneumonia is due to the inhalation or aspiration of fat-containing substances. Historically, mineral oil is the most common medication cause but there have also been several reports of lipoid pneumonia associated with petroleum jelly, medicated vapor rub, and lip glosses...
July 14, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712369/a-hospital-based-matched-case-control-study-to-identify-risk-factors-for-clinical-infection-with-oxa-48-producing-klebsiella-pneumoniae-in-rectal-carriers
#19
A Madueño, J Gonzalez Garcia, A Aguirre-Jaime, M Lecuona
Asymptomatic colonisation of the gastrointestinal tract by carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae is an important reservoir for transmission, which may precede infection. This retrospective observational case-control study was designed to identify risk factors for developing clinical infection with OXA-48-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae in rectal carriers during hospitalisation. Case patients (n = 76) had carbapenemase-producing K. pneumoniae (CPKP) infection and positive rectal culture for CPKP. Control patients (n = 174) were those with rectal colonisation with CPKP but without CPKP infection...
July 17, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712134/phenotypic-and-genotypic-characterisation-of-clinically-relevant-bacteria-isolated-from-dental-waste-and-waste-workers-hands-mucosas-and-coats
#20
Thaysa Leite Tagliaferri, Cristina Dutra Vieira, Maria Auxiliadora Roque de Carvalho, Luiz Carlos Duarte Ladeira, Paula Prazeres Magalhães, Luiz de Macêdo Farias, Simone Gonçalves Dos Santos
Infectious wastes are potential sources of pathogenic microorganisms, which may represent a risk to the professionals who manage them. In this study we aimed to characterize the infectious bacteria present in dental waste and waste workers. The dental waste produced over 24 hours was collected and waste workers were sampled by swabbing. Isolate resistance profiles were characterized by Vitek(®) and PCR and biofilm formation by Congo Red agar, string test and microtiter assay. To assess similarity between the waste and the workers' samples, a random amplified polymorphic DNA test was used...
July 16, 2017: Letters in Applied Microbiology
keyword
keyword
93711
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"