keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

moss

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140122/lymphangioleiomyomatosis-diagnosis-and-management-high-resolution-chest-computed-tomography-transbronchial-lung-biopsy-and-pleural-disease-management-an-official-american-thoracic-society-japanese-respiratory-society-clinical-practice-guideline
#1
Nishant Gupta, Geraldine A Finlay, Robert M Kotloff, Charlie Strange, Kevin C Wilson, Lisa R Young, Angelo M Taveira-DaSilva, Simon R Johnson, Vincent Cottin, Steven A Sahn, Jay H Ryu, Kuniaki Seyama, Yoshikazu Inoue, Gregory P Downey, MeiLan K Han, Thomas V Colby, Kathryn A Wikenheiser-Brokamp, Cristopher A Meyer, Karen Smith, Joel Moss, Francis X McCormack
BACKGROUND: Recommendations regarding key aspects related to the diagnosis and pharmacological treatment of lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) were recently published. We now provide additional recommendations regarding four specific questions related to the diagnosis of LAM and management of pneumothoraces in patients with LAM. METHODS: Systematic reviews were performed and then discussed by a multidisciplinary panel. For each intervention, the panel considered its confidence in the estimated effects, the balance of desirable (i...
November 15, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139045/electroretinography-in-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension-comparison-of-the-pattern-erg-and-the-photopic-negative-response
#2
Jason C Park, Heather E Moss, J Jason McAnany
PURPOSE: To evaluate the relationship between electrophysiological measures of retinal ganglion cell (RGC) function in patients who have idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). METHODS: The pattern electroretinogram (pERG) and photopic negative response (PhNR) were recorded from 11 IIH patients and 11 age-similar controls. The pERG was elicited by a contrast-reversing checkerboard. The PhNR, a slow negative component following the flash ERG b-wave, was recorded in response to a long-wavelength flash presented against a short-wavelength adapting field...
November 14, 2017: Documenta Ophthalmologica. Advances in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137545/exploring-the-perceived-health-benefits-of-singing-in-a-choir-an-international-cross-sectional-mixed-methods-study
#3
Hilary Moss, Julie Lynch, Jessica O'Donoghue
AIM: This mixed-methods exploratory study investigates the perceived health benefits of singing in a choir from an international sample of choristers. METHOD: An online questionnaire including demographic information, 28 quantitative statements and two qualitative questions relating to the perceived health benefits of singing in a choir was distributed via email and social media over a period of 4 months to a sample of 1,779 choristers. Basic descriptives and comparisons between subgroups of the sample are presented along with thematic analysis of qualitative comments...
November 1, 2017: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134425/quick-reference-tidal-volume-cards-reduce-the-incidence-of-large-tidal-volumes-during-surgery
#4
Chirag K Shah, Angela Moss, William Henderson, Breandan Sullivan, Ana Fernandez-Bustamante
Ventilation with large tidal volumes (V T), greater than 10 ml/kg of predicted body weight (PBW), is associated with worse outcomes in critically ill and surgical patients. We hypothesized that the availability of quick reference cards with proposed V T ranges specific to gender and different heights would reduce the intraoperative use of large V T during prolonged abdominal surgery. We compared retrospectively the incidence of median V T used during prolonged (≥4-h-long) abdominal surgery before ("before") and after ("after") the quick reference V T cards were made available in all anesthesia machines in operating rooms of a single academic US medical center...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134173/associations-of-lifetime-walking-and-weight-bearing-exercise-with-accelerometer-measured-high-impact-physical-activity-in-later-life
#5
Ahmed Elhakeem, Kimberly Hannam, Kevin C Deere, April Hartley, Emma M Clark, Charlotte Moss, Mark H Edwards, Elaine Dennison, Tim Gaysin, Diana Kuh, Andrew Wong, Kenneth R Fox, Cyrus Cooper, Rachel Cooper, Jon H Tobias
High impact physical activity (PA) is thought to benefit bone. We examined associations of lifetime walking and weight bearing exercise with accelerometer-measured high impact and overall PA in later life. Data were from 848 participants (66.2% female, mean age = 72.4 years) from the Cohort for Skeletal Health in Bristol and Avon, Hertfordshire Cohort Study and MRC National Survey of Health and Development. Acceleration peaks from seven-day hip-worn accelerometer recordings were used to derive counts of high impact and overall PA...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127019/a-survey-on-recent-medical-school-graduate-comfort-with-the-level-1-milestones
#6
Michael E Petravick, J Lawrence Marsh, Matthew D Karam, Douglas R Dirschl
OBJECTIVE: The Next Accreditation System implemented 5 levels of milestones for orthopedic surgery residents in 2013. The Level 1 milestones were noted as those "expected of an incoming resident." While the milestones were intended for assessing resident progression and readiness for independent practice, this designation can also be used to assess how well prepared graduating medical students are for beginning an orthopedic surgery residency. The primary objective of this paper is to measure recent medical school graduate comfort with the Level 1 milestones...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126708/incomplete-excision-of-cervical-precancer-as-a-predictor-of-treatment-failure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Marc Arbyn, Charles W E Redman, Freija Verdoodt, Maria Kyrgiou, Menelaos Tzafetas, Sadaf Ghaem-Maghami, Karl-Ulrich Petry, Simon Leeson, Christine Bergeron, Pekka Nieminen, Jean Gondry, Olaf Reich, Esther L Moss
BACKGROUND: Incomplete excision of cervical precancer is associated with therapeutic failure and is therefore considered as a quality indicator of clinical practice. Conversely, the risk of preterm birth is reported to correlate with size of cervical excision and therefore balancing the risk of adequate treatment with iatrogenic harm is challenging. We reviewed the literature with an aim to reveal whether incomplete excision, reflected by presence of precancerous tissue at the section margins, or post-treatment HPV testing are accurate predictors of treatment failure...
November 7, 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126394/prospective-study-of-autism-phenomenology-and-the-behavioural-phenotype-of-phelan-mcdermid-syndrome-comparison-to-fragile-x-syndrome-down-syndrome-and-idiopathic-autism-spectrum-disorder
#8
Caroline Richards, Laurie Powis, Jo Moss, Christopher Stinton, Lisa Nelson, Christopher Oliver
BACKGROUND: The limited behavioural phenotype literature on Phelan-McDermid syndrome (PMS) indicates atypically high levels of activity, impulsivity and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) behaviours. Divergent profiles of ASD in PMS are also reported, with some studies demonstrating similarities to idiopathic ASD and others indicating an uneven profile of social and communication impairments and repetitive behaviours. An evaluation of the behavioural phenotype of PMS and the prevalence and phenomenology of ASD is warranted, particularly given the causal involvement of the SHANK3 gene in the aetiology of PMS...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124815/diluted-seawater-affects-phytohormone-receptors-and-maintain-the-protonema-stage-in-physcomitrella-patens
#9
Zhenbing Zheng, Shan Gao, Li Huan, Guang-Ce Wang
Due to its highly efficient homologous recombination ability and unusual evolutionary position, the moss Physcomitrella patens has begun to attract more attention in genetic and evolutionary studies. Protonema, the filament stage of the gametophyte is of great significance in P. patens protoplast isolation. Moreover, protonema is widely used in genetic engineering. However, difficulties in the induction and state maintenance of protonema restrict its wider application. In this work, protonema was induced efficiently in a diluted seawater medium, and the filamentous state was maintained without further cell differentiation...
November 10, 2017: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124652/red-shift-in-the-spectrum-of-a-chlorophyll-species-is-essential-for-the-drought-induced-dissipation-of-excess-light-energy-in-a-poikilohydric-moss-bryum-argenteum
#10
Yutaka Shibata, Ahmed Mohamed, Koichiro Taniyama, Kentaro Kanatani, Makiko Kosugi, Hiroshi Fukumura
Some mosses are extremely tolerant of drought stress. Their high drought tolerance relies on their ability to effectively dissipate absorbed light energy to heat under dry conditions. The energy dissipation mechanism in a drought-tolerant moss, Bryum argenteum, has been investigated using low-temperature picosecond time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy. The results are compared between moss thalli samples harvested in Antarctica and in Japan. Both samples show almost the same quenching properties, suggesting an identical drought tolerance mechanism for the same species with two completely different habitats...
November 9, 2017: Photosynthesis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123155/large-scale-in-vitro-production-refolding-and-dimerization-of-psbs-in-different-microenvironments
#11
Maithili Krishnan, Geri F Moolenaar, Karthick Babu Sai Sankar Gupta, Nora Goosen, Anjali Pandit
Plants adapt to fluctuating light conditions by a process called non-photochemical quenching (NPQ), where membrane protein PsbS plays a crucial role and transforms a change in the pH-gradient across the thylakoid membrane under excess light conditions into a photoprotective state, leading to de-excitation of antenna chlorophylls. The PsbS activation mechanism is elusive and has been proposed to involve a monomerization step and protonation of specific residues. To elucidate its function, it is essential to produce PsbS in large quantities, stabilize PsbS in a membrane-mimicking environment and analyze its pH-dependent conformational structure...
November 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121487/risk-of-cardiac-events-in-long-qt-syndrome-patients-when-taking-antiseizure-medications
#12
David S Auerbach, Yitschak Biton, Bronislava Polonsky, Scott McNitt, Robert A Gross, Robert T Dirksen, Arthur J Moss
Many antiseizure medications (ASMs) affect ion channel function. We investigated whether ASMs alter the risk of cardiac events in patients with corrected QT (QTc) prolongation. The study included people from the Rochester-based Long QT syndrome (LQTS) Registry with baseline QTc prolongation and history of ASM therapy (n = 296). Using multivariate Anderson-Gill models, we assessed the risk of recurrent cardiac events associated with ASM therapy. We stratified by LQTS genotype and predominant mechanism of ASM action (Na(+) channel blocker and gamma-aminobutyric acid modifier...
October 20, 2017: Translational Research: the Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121448/malaria-exacerbates-inflammation-associated-elevation-in-ferritin-and-soluble-transferrin-receptor-with-only-modest-effects-on-iron-deficiency-and-iron-deficiency-anemia-among-rural-zambian-children
#13
Maxwell A Barffour, Kerry J Schulze, Christian L Coles, Justin Chileshe, Ng'andwe Kalungwana, Ward Siamusantu, Margia Arguello, William J Moss, Keith P West, Amanda C Palmer
OBJECTIVE: In 4-8-year-old Zambian children (n=744), we evaluated the effects of adjusting for inflammation (α1-acid glycoprotein > 1 g/L), with or without additional adjustment for malaria, on prevalence estimates of iron deficiency (ID) and iron deficiency anemia (IDA) during low malaria (LowM) and high malaria (HighM) transmission seasons. METHODS: To estimate adjustment factors, children were classified as: a) reference (malaria negative without inflammation), b) inflammation without malaria (I), c) malaria without inflammation (M), and d) inflammation with malaria (IM)...
November 9, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120202/collaboration-confidentiality-and-care
#14
Latoya S Moss
There is an increasing call to attend to the needs of students in distress (Reynolds, 2013). Furthermore, research has begun to highlight links between distress, risky, or dangerous behaviors as well as issues in mental health in the higher education population (Deasy, Coughlan, Pironom, Jourdan, & Mannix-McNamara, 2014). The National Alliance on Mental Health and the Jed Foundation (National Alliance on Mental Illness & the Jed Foundation, 2016) estimate that about 20% of enrolled college students will face some type of mental illness...
November 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119722/c-reactive-protein-as-a-predictor-of-low-trough-infliximab-concentrations-in-patients-who-lose-response-to-infliximab
#15
Marie P Boyle, Alan C Moss, Aoibhlinn M O'Toole, Byron Vaughn, Adam S Cheifetz
BACKGROUND: Low serum infliximab (IFX) concentrations are associated with an increased risk of loss of response in IBD. Whether C-reactive protein (CRP) could be used to identify patients with low drug concentrations is unknown. The objective of this study was to evaluate the test characteristics of CRP in identifying low serum IFX concentrations. METHODS: We measured serum IFX concentrations and CRP levels in patients who experienced symptom deterioration while on IFX (reactive cohort)...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119267/ppors-an-ancient-type-iii-polyketide-synthase-is-required-for-integrity-of-leaf-cuticle-and-resistance-to-dehydration-in-the-moss-physcomitrella-patens
#16
Li Li, Misbah Aslam, Fazle Rabbi, Mark C Vanderwel, Neil W Ashton, Dae-Yeon Suh
PpORS knockout mutants produced abnormal leaves with increased dye permeability and were more susceptible to dehydration, consistent with PpORS products being constituents of a cuticular structure in the moss. Type III polyketide synthases (PKSs) have co-evolved with terrestrial plants such that each taxon can generate a characteristic collection of polyketides, fine-tuned to its needs. 2'-Oxoalkylresorcinol synthase from Physcomitrella patens (PpORS) is basal to all plant type III PKSs in phylogenetic trees and may closely resemble their most recent common ancestor...
November 8, 2017: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118720/altered-right-ventricular-mechanical-properties-are-afterload-dependent-in-a-rodent-model-of-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia
#17
Jitandrakumar R Patel, Gregory P Barton, Rudolf K Braun, Kara N Goss, Kristin Haraldsdottir, Alexandria Hopp, Gary Diffee, Timothy A Hacker, Richard L Moss, Marlowe W Eldridge
Infants born premature are at increased risk for development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), pulmonary hypertension (PH), and ultimately right ventricular (RV) dysfunction, which together carry a high risk of neonatal mortality. However, the role alveolar simplification and abnormal pulmonary microvascular development in BPD affects RV contractile properties is unknown. We used a rat model of BPD to examine the effect of hyperoxia-induced PH on RV contractile properties. We measured in vivo RV pressure as well as passive force, maximum Ca(2+) activated force, calcium sensitivity of force (pCa50) and rate of force redevelopment (ktr) in RV skinned trabeculae isolated from hearts of 21-and 35-day old rats pre-exposed to 21% oxygen (normoxia) or 85% oxygen (hyperoxia) for 14 days after birth...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118647/the-mosses-of-crocker-range-park-malaysian-borneo
#18
Monica Suleiman, Dunstan Polus Masundang, Hiroyuki Akiyama
This paper reports the mosses from Crocker Range Park (CRP) in Sabah, Malaysian Borneo. In total, 293 species, three subspecies and eight varieties belonging to 118 genera and 36 families are reported. This represents about 40% and 47% of the species and infra-specific taxa reported from Borneo and Sabah, respectively. Out of these, six species are new records for Borneo, namely Barbella horridula, Chaetomitrium lancifolium, Distichophyllum leiopogon, Rhaphidostichum luzonense, Rosulabryum capillare and Taxiphyllum taxirameum and 12 species and one variety are new to Sabah...
2017: PhytoKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118447/influenza-virus-segment-5-rna-secondary-structure-and-new-targets-for-antiviral-strategies
#19
Marta Soszynska-Jozwiak, Paula Michalak, Walter N Moss, Ryszard Kierzek, Julita Kesy, Elzbieta Kierzek
Influenza A virus is a threat for humans due to seasonal epidemics and occasional pandemics. This virus can generate new strains that are dangerous through nucleotide/amino acid changes or through segmental recombination of the viral RNA genome. It is important to gain wider knowledge about influenza virus RNA to create new strategies for drugs that will inhibit its spread. Here, we present the experimentally determined secondary structure of the influenza segment 5 (+)RNA. Two RNAs were studied: the full-length segment 5 (+)RNA and a shorter construct containing only the coding region...
November 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118322/conduction-band-effective-mass-and-bandgap-of-znsnn2-earth-abundant-solar-absorber
#20
Xiang Cao, Fumio Kawamura, Yoshihiko Ninomiya, Takashi Taniguchi, Naoomi Yamada
Pseudo III-V nitride ZnSnN2 is an earth-abundant semiconductor with a high optical absorption coefficient in the solar spectrum. Its bandgap can be tuned by controlling the cation sublattice disorder. Thus, it is a potential candidate for photovoltaic absorber materials. However, its important basic properties such as the intrinsic bandgap and effective mass have not yet been quantitatively determined. This paper presents a detailed optical absorption analysis of disordered ZnSnN2 degenerately doped with oxygen (ZnSnN2-x O x ) in the ultraviolet to infrared region to determine the conduction-band effective mass (m c(*)) and intrinsic bandgap (E g)...
November 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
keyword
keyword
93706
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"