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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895558/physics-of-the-mind
#1
Leonid I Perlovsky
Is it possible to turn psychology into "hard science"? Physics of the mind follows the fundamental methodology of physics in all areas where physics have been developed. What is common among Newtonian mechanics, statistical physics, quantum physics, thermodynamics, theory of relativity, astrophysics… and a theory of superstrings? The common among all areas of physics is a methodology of physics discussed in the first few lines of the paper. Is physics of the mind possible? Is it possible to describe the mind based on the few first principles as physics does? The mind with its variabilities and uncertainties, the mind from perception and elementary cognition to emotions and abstract ideas, to high cognition...
2016: Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891195/reflections-on-a-giant-of-brain-science-how-lucky-we-are-having-walter-j-freeman-as-our-beacon-in-cognitive-neurodynamics-research
#2
REVIEW
Robert Kozma
Walter J. Freeman was a giant of the field of neuroscience whose visionary work contributed various experimental and theoretical breakthroughs to brain research in the past 60 years. He has pioneered a number of Electroencephalogram and Electrocorticogram tools and approaches that shaped the field, while "Freeman Neurodynamics" is a theoretical concept that is widely known, used, and respected among neuroscientists all over the world. His recent death is a profound loss to neuroscience and biomedical engineering...
December 2016: Cognitive Neurodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498903/more-than-meets-the-eye-toward-a-post-materialist-model-of-consciousness
#3
Olivier Brabant
Commonly accepted models of human consciousness have substantial shortcomings, in the sense that they cannot account for the entire scope of human experiences. The goal of this article is to describe a model with higher explanatory power, by integrating ideas from psychology and quantum mechanics. In the first part, the need for a paradigm change will be justified by presenting three types of phenomena that challenge the materialistic view of consciousness. The second part is about proposing an alternative view of reality and mind-matter manifestation that is able to accommodate these phenomena...
September 2016: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27445777/spherical-harmonics-reveal-standing-eeg-waves-and-long-range-neural-synchronization-during-non-rem-sleep
#4
Siddharth S Sivakumar, Amalia G Namath, Roberto F Galán
Previous work from our lab has demonstrated how the connectivity of brain circuits constrains the repertoire of activity patterns that those circuits can display. Specifically, we have shown that the principal components of spontaneous neural activity are uniquely determined by the underlying circuit connections, and that although the principal components do not uniquely resolve the circuit structure, they do reveal important features about it. Expanding upon this framework on a larger scale of neural dynamics, we have analyzed EEG data recorded with the standard 10-20 electrode system from 41 neurologically normal children and adolescents during stage 2, non-REM sleep...
2016: Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27089526/integrative-medicine-system-based-on-music
#5
Sai Venkatesh Balasubramanian, Gomathi Balasubramanian, Ganapathy Ramanathan
Today, the world's ever-changing lifestyles demand a reliable, comprehensive system of integrative medicine with minimal side effects. One of the most prominent candidates for such a system is music, an enjoyable health care approach, and in response to the need for that system, the present article formulates one that is music based. Specifically, the authors have explored the physician-patient interaction, developing a model of that interaction within the context of music therapy. That model is based on ancient Ayurvedic principles and on research from modern physics and biology, such as that on quantum consciousness, chaos theory, the statistical theory of communication, information theory, and neurodynamics...
April 2016: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27066168/life-and-consciousness-the-ved%C3%A4-ntic-view
#6
Bhakti Niskama Shanta
In the past, philosophers, scientists, and even the general opinion, had no problem in accepting the existence of consciousness in the same way as the existence of the physical world. After the advent of Newtonian mechanics, science embraced a complete materialistic conception about reality. Scientists started proposing hypotheses like abiogenesis (origin of first life from accumulation of atoms and molecules) and the Big Bang theory (the explosion theory for explaining the origin of universe). How the universe came to be what it is now is a key philosophical question...
September 2015: Communicative & Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27065819/on-the-character-of-consciousness
#7
Arto Annila
The human brain is a particularly demanding system to infer its nature from observations. Thus, there is on one hand plenty of room for theorizing and on the other hand a pressing need for a rigorous theory. We apply statistical mechanics of open systems to describe the brain as a hierarchical system in consuming free energy in least time. This holistic tenet accounts for cellular metabolism, neuronal signaling, cognitive processes all together, or any other process by a formal equation of motion that extends down to the ultimate precision of one quantum of action...
2016: Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27049696/magnetic-correlates-in-electromagnetic-consciousness
#8
A R Liboff
We examine the hypothesis that consciousness is a manifestation of the electromagnetic field, finding supportive factors not previously considered. It is not likely that traditional electrophysiological signaling modes can be readily transmitted throughout the brain to properly enable this field because of electric field screening arising from the ubiquitous distribution of high dielectric lipid membranes, a problem that vanishes for low-frequency magnetic fields. Many reports over the last few decades have provided evidence that living tissue is robustly sensitive to ultrasmall (1-100 nT) ELF magnetic fields overlapping the γ-frequency range often associated with awareness...
2016: Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26943241/benchmark-calculations-of-interaction-energies-in-noncovalent-complexes-and-their-applications
#9
Jan Řezáč, Pavel Hobza
Data sets of benchmark interaction energies in noncovalent complexes are an important tool for quantifying the accuracy of computational methods used in this field, as well as for the development of new computational approaches. This review is intended as a guide to conscious use of these data sets. We discuss their construction and accuracy, list the data sets available in the literature, and demonstrate their application to validation and parametrization of quantum-mechanical computational methods. In practical model systems, the benchmark interaction energies are usually obtained using composite CCSD(T)/CBS schemes...
May 11, 2016: Chemical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26767928/uncertain-for-a-century-quantum-mechanics-and-the-dilemma-of-interpretation
#10
REVIEW
Adam Frank
Quantum mechanics, the physical theory describing the microworld, is one of science's greatest triumphs. Remarkably, however, after more than 100 years it is still unclear what quantum mechanics means in terms of basic philosophical questions about the nature of reality. While there are many interpretations of the mathematical machinery of quantum physics, there remain no experimental means to distinguish between most of them. In this contribution, I wish to consider the ways in which the enduring lack of an agreed-upon interpretation of quantum physics influences a number of critical philosophical debates about physics and reality...
December 2015: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26675153/an-intersubjective-view-of-empathy-and-hypnotic-trance-response-to-wickramasekera-ii
#11
Janna A Henning
In response to Wickramasekera II's description of his empathic involvement theory of hypnosis in "Mysteries of hypnosis and the self are revealed by the psychology and neuroscience of empathy" (Wickramasekera II, 2015), Henning offers further reflections on what empathy might be and what it allows therapists to do, particularly in conditions of hypnotic trance. She defines her intersubjective view of hypnotic trance as an experience in which client and therapist mutually engage in a shared state of consciousness, and a mutual bidirectional or multidirectional exchange of verbal and nonverbal, as well as conscious and unconscious, material occurs, and which may include shared taking on of roles and expectations in each party, as suggested by the other, particularly when both client and therapist are highly hypnotizable...
January 2016: American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26665041/an-overview-of-biofield-devices
#12
David Muehsam, Gaétan Chevalier, Tiffany Barsotti, Blake T Gurfein
Advances in biophysics, biology, functional genomics, neuroscience, psychology, psychoneuroimmunology, and other fields suggest the existence of a subtle system of "biofield" interactions that organize biological processes from the subatomic, atomic, molecular, cellular, and organismic to the interpersonal and cosmic levels. Biofield interactions may bring about regulation of biochemical, cellular, and neurological processes through means related to electromagnetism, quantum fields, and perhaps other means of modulating biological activity and information flow...
November 2015: Global Advances in Health and Medicine: Improving Healthcare Outcomes Worldwide
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26665039/biofield-science-current-physics-perspectives
#13
Menas C Kafatos, Gaétan Chevalier, Deepak Chopra, John Hubacher, Subhash Kak, Neil D Theise
This article briefly reviews the biofield hypothesis and its scientific literature. Evidence for the existence of the biofield now exists, and current theoretical foundations are now being developed. A review of the biofield and related topics from the perspective of physical science is needed to identify a common body of knowledge and evaluate possible underlying principles of origin of the biofield. The properties of such a field could be based on electromagnetic fields, coherent states, biophotons, quantum and quantum-like processes, and ultimately the quantum vacuum...
November 2015: Global Advances in Health and Medicine: Improving Healthcare Outcomes Worldwide
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26629259/subcellular-neuronal-quasicrystals-implications-for-consciousness
#14
John Gardiner
Neuron neurotransmitter receptors are in general pentameric. This enables them to form pentagonal components in biological quasicrystals (similar to mathematical aperiodic tilings). As quasicrystals have been proposed to require quantum effects to exist this might introduce such effects as a component of neurotransmission and thus consciousness. Microtubules may play a role in the clustering of the receptors into quasicrystals, thus modulating their function and may even form quasicrystals themselves. Other quaiscrystals in neurons are potentially formed by water, cholera toxin complexes, and the cytoskeletal components actin and ankyrin...
January 2015: Communicative & Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26478778/the-natural-history-of-consciousness-and-the-question-of-whether-plants-are-conscious-in-relation-to-the-hameroff-penrose-quantum-physical-orch-or-theory-of-universal-consciousness
#15
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26478770/subcellular-neuronal-quasicrystals-implications-for-consciousness
#16
John Gardiner
Neuron neurotransmitter receptors are in general pentameric. This enables them to form pentagonal components in biological quasicrystals (similar to mathematical aperiodic tilings). As quasicrystals have been proposed to require quantum effects to exist this might introduce such effects as a component of neurotransmission and thus consciousness. Microtubules may play a role in the clustering of the receptors into quasicrystals, thus modulating their function and may even form quasicrystals themselves. Other quaiscrystals in neurons are potentially formed by water, cholera toxin complexes, and the cytoskeletal components actin and ankyrin...
March 2015: Communicative & Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26356303/plant-habitat-conscious-white-light-emission-of-dy-3-in-whitlockite-like-phosphates-reduced-photosynthesis-and-inhibition-of-bloom-impediment
#17
Tomohiko Nakajima, Tetsuo Tsuchiya
It has been pointed out that agricultural crops and other natural plants may be damaged by outdoor lighting systems. Therefore, lighting that does not affect plant growth is needed. To address this problem, we have prepared a new whitlockite-like phosphate Dy-phosphor Ca8MgY1-x-yLaxDyy(PO4)7, which exhibits a yellow-white Dy(3+) luminescence that has a maximum internal quantum efficiency of 65.6% under a 387 nm excitation light for x = 0.10 and y = 0.05. The x dependence of IQE showed two maxima at x = 0.10-0...
September 30, 2015: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26333299/could-robots-become-authentic-companions-in-nursing-care
#18
Theodore A Metzler, Lundy M Lewis, Linda C Pope
Creating android and humanoid robots to furnish companionship in the nursing care of older people continues to attract substantial development capital and research. Some people object, though, that machines of this kind furnish human-robot interaction characterized by inauthentic relationships. In particular, robotic and artificial intelligence (AI) technologies have been charged with substituting mindless mimicry of human behaviour for the real presence of conscious caring offered by human nurses. When thus viewed as deceptive, the robots also have prompted corresponding concerns regarding their potential psychological, moral, and spiritual implications for people who will be interacting socially with these machines...
January 2016: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26311026/-spirituality-and-ethics-in-psychosomatic-medicine
#19
Felix Irmiš
A patient has to cope with an illness on a physical, mental and spiritual level. There exists a difference between religiousness and spirituality even though the approach has a common foundation. Nonreligious spirituality relates to an inner experience, transcendent states of consciousness, meaningfulness, responsibility, sympathy, ethics, humanisation, faith. We encounter the spiritual point of view in humanistic psychotherapy, pastoral medicine, work of hospital chaplains, New Age, psychotherapies with religious and alternative aspects, transpersonal psychotherapy, psycho-spiritual crises, unusual states of consciousness, in meditation, Yoga, relaxation, kinesiology, ethicotherapy, reincarnation therapy, positive motivation, holotropic breathing, etc...
2015: Casopís Lékar̆ů C̆eských
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26283979/quantum-like-model-of-unconscious-conscious-dynamics
#20
Andrei Khrennikov
We present a quantum-like model of sensation-perception dynamics (originated in Helmholtz theory of unconscious inference) based on the theory of quantum apparatuses and instruments. We illustrate our approach with the model of bistable perception of a particular ambiguous figure, the Schröder stair. This is a concrete model for unconscious and conscious processing of information and their interaction. The starting point of our quantum-like journey was the observation that perception dynamics is essentially contextual which implies impossibility of (straightforward) embedding of experimental statistical data in the classical (Kolmogorov, 1933) framework of probability theory...
2015: Frontiers in Psychology
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