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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146003/imaging-features-of-rosette-forming-glioneuronal-tumours
#1
L Gao, F Han, Y Jin, J Xiong, Y Lv, Z Yao, J Zhang
AIM: To describe the imaging features of rosette-forming glioneuronal tumours (RGNTs) to enable accurate diagnosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Image data and clinical findings for seven patients with histopathologically confirmed RGNTs were studied comprehensively. RESULTS: Six neoplasms were located near the midline and all were relatively well circumscribed. Most lesions were hypointense on T1-weighted images and hyperintense on T2-weighted images...
November 13, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104150/differentiating-between-primary-central-nervous-system-lymphomas-and-glioblastomas-combined-use-of-perfusion-and-diffusion-weighted-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#2
Keishi Makino, Toshinori Hirai, Hideo Nakamura, Jun-Ichiro Kuroda, Naoki Shinojima, Hiroyuki Uetani, Mika Kitajima, Shigetoshi Yano
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether combined diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and dynamic susceptibility contrast-enhanced perfusion-weighted imaging (PWI) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be used to differentiate between common malignant brain tumors, including lymphomas and high-grade gliomas. METHODS: We evaluated 87 patients with histologically confirmed brain tumors, including 33 primary central nervous system lymphomas (PCNSLs) and 54 glioblastomas (GBMs)...
November 2, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090483/a-1-minute-full-brain-mr-exam-using-a-multicontrast-epi-sequence
#3
Stefan Skare, Tim Sprenger, Ola Norbeck, Henric Rydén, Lars Blomberg, Enrico Avventi, Mathias Engström
PURPOSE: A new multicontrast echo-planar imaging (EPI)-based sequence is proposed for brain MRI, which can directly generate six MR contrasts (T1 -FLAIR, T2 -w, diffusion-weighted (DWI), apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), T2*-w, T2 -FLAIR) in 1 min with full brain coverage. This could enable clinical MR clinical screening in similar time as a conventional CT exam but with more soft-tissue information. METHODS: Eleven sequence modules were created as dynamic building blocks for the sequence...
October 31, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065704/diffusion-weighted-mri-combined-with-susceptibility-weighted-mri-added-diagnostic-value-for-four-common-lateral-ventricular-tumors
#4
Yuanlin Yu, Hua Zhang, Zebin Xiao, Dejun She, Zhen Xing, Xiefeng Yang, Dairong Cao
Background Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) are reliable imaging modalities for brain tumors. However, the role of DWI and SWI in the diagnosis of common lateral ventricular tumors has not been systematically evaluated. Purpose To evaluate the diagnostic performance of DWI and SWI in common lateral ventricular tumors. Material and Methods Fifty-two patients with histopathologically confirmed lateral ventricular tumors were included in this study (18 with central neurocytomas, nine with ependymomas, seven with high-grade gliomas, and 18 with meningiomas)...
January 1, 2017: Acta Radiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017677/artery-of-percheron-infarct-ararity-not-to-be-missed
#5
Farheen Niazi, Sameen Bin Naeem
Artery of Percheron (AOP) is a rare vascular variant of posterior cerebral circulation and it supplies blood to the bilateral paramedian thalami and the rostral midbrain. Artery of Percheron infarct requires a comprehensive clinical and radiological examination. It can be easily overlooked due to normal CTfindings and wide range of differential diagnosis. Classic triad of presentation is altered mental status, memory impairment and the vertical gaze palsy. We report a case of a 66-year female who had sudden onset of severe vertigo, diplopia and ataxia...
September 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986718/frontal-lobe-connectivity-and-network-community-characteristics-are%C3%A2-associated-with-the-outcome-of-subthalamic-nucleus-deep-brain-stimulation-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#6
Nabin Koirala, Vinzenz Fleischer, Martin Glaser, Kirsten E Zeuner, Günther Deuschl, Jens Volkmann, Muthuraman Muthuraman, Sergiu Groppa
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) is nowadays an evidence-based state of the art therapy option for motor and non-motor symptoms in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the exact anatomical regions of the cerebral network that are targeted by STN-DBS have not been precisely described and no definitive pre-intervention predictors of the clinical response exist. In this study, we test the hypothesis that the clinical effectiveness of STN-DBS depends on the connectivity profile of the targeted brain networks...
October 6, 2017: Brain Topography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982392/lymphomatosis-cerebri-a-rare-variant-of-primary-central-nervous-system-lymphoma-and-mr-imaging-features
#7
Hui Yu, Bo Gao, Jing Liu, Yong-Cheng Yu, Mark S Shiroishi, Ming-Ming Huang, Wen-Xiu Yang, Zhi-Zhong Guan
BACKGROUND: Lymphomatosis cerebri (LC) is a rare variant of primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL), characterized by diffuse infiltration without the formation of a discrete mass. The diagnosis of LC is a challenge because the imaging findings are atypical for lymphoma. The purpose of present study is to investigate MRI characteristics and clinical features of LC and potentially facilitate an early and accurate diagnosis of this often-missed disease. METHODS: Seven patients (average 44 years, 19-58 years) with LC proved basing on MRI and histology were retrospectively reviewed the clinical data and cerebral MR imaging findings...
October 5, 2017: Cancer Imaging: the Official Publication of the International Cancer Imaging Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978865/economic-benefits-and-diagnostic-quality-of-diffusion-weighted-magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-primary-lung-cancer
#8
Katsuo Usuda, Aika Funazaki, Ryo Maeda, Atsushi Sekimura, Nozomu Motono, Munetaka Matoba, Hidetaka Uramoto
This paper focuses on the latest research of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI), and deals with economic benefits, diagnostic benefits, and prospects of DWI for lung cancer. The medical cost of a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is 81%-84% cheaper than that of 18-fluoro-2-deoxy-glucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT). DWI is reported to be useful for differential diagnosis of malignancy or benignity for neoplasm in various organs. Diagnostic efficacy by DWI for pulmonary nodules and masses and the evaluation of N factor and M factor in lung cancer are equivalent to or more than that of FDG-PET/CT...
October 4, 2017: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971007/evaluation-of-striatonigral-connectivity-using-probabilistic-tractography-in-parkinson-s-disease
#9
Frances Theisen, Rebecca Leda, Vincent Pozorski, Jennifer M Oh, Nagesh Adluru, Rachel Wong, Ozioma Okonkwo, Douglas C Dean, Barbara B Bendlin, Sterling C Johnson, Andrew L Alexander, Catherine L Gallagher
The cardinal movement abnormalities of Parkinson's disease (PD), including tremor, muscle rigidity, and reduced speed and frequency of movements, are caused by degeneration of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra that project to the putamen, compromising information flow through frontal-subcortical circuits. Typically, the nigrostriatal pathway is more severely affected on the side of the brain opposite (contralateral) to the side of the body that manifests initial symptoms. Several studies have suggested that PD is also associated with changes in white matter microstructural integrity...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948480/delineation-of-the-ischemic-stroke-lesion-based-on-watershed-and-relative-fuzzy-connectedness-in-brain-mri
#10
Asit Subudhi, Subhranshu Jena, Sukanta Sabut
Precise segmentation of stroke lesions from brain magnetic resonance (MR) images poses a challenging task in automated diagnosis. In this paper, we proposed a new method called watershed-based lesion segmentation algorithm (WLSA), which is a novel intensity-based segmentation technique used to delineate infarct lesion in diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) MR images of the brain. The algorithm was tested on a series of 142 real-time images collected from different stroke patients reported at IMS and SUM Hospital...
September 26, 2017: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947980/added-value-of-diffusion-weighted-imaging-in-pediatric-central-nervous-system-embryonal-tumors-surveillance
#11
Giovanni Morana, Cesar Augusto Alves, Domenico Tortora, Mariasavina Severino, Paolo Nozza, Armando Cama, Marcello Ravegnani, Gabriella D'Apolito, Alessandro Raso, Claudia Milanaccio, Claudia da Costa Leite, Maria Luisa Garrè, Andrea Rossi
Diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) has an established role in primary CNS embryonal tumor (ET) characterization; however, its diagnostic utility in detecting relapse has never been determined. We aimed to compare DWI and conventional MRI sensitivity in CNS ET recurrence detection, and to evaluate the DWI properties of contrast-enhancing radiation induced lesions (RIL). Fifty-six patients with CNS ET (25 with disease relapse, 6 with RIL and 25 with neither disease relapse nor RIL) were retrospectively evaluated with DWI, conventional MRI (including both T2/FLAIR and post-contrast images), or contrast-enhanced MR imaging (CE-MRI) alone...
September 1, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934247/the-extent-of-intrauterine-growth-restriction-determines-the-severity-of-cerebral-injury-and-neurobehavioural-deficits-in-rodents
#12
Crystal A Ruff, Stuart D Faulkner, Prakasham Rumajogee, Stephanie Beldick, Warren Foltz, Jennifer Corrigan, Alfred Basilious, Shangjun Jiang, Shanojan Thiyagalingam, Jerome Y Yager, Michael G Fehlings
BACKGROUND: Cerebral Palsy (CP) is the most common physical pediatric neurodevelopmental disorder and spastic diplegic injury is its most frequent subtype. CP results in substantial neuromotor and cognitive impairments that have significant socioeconomic impact. Despite this, its underlying pathophysiological mechanisms and etiology remain incompletely understood. Furthermore, there is a need for clinically relevant injury models, which a) reflect the heterogeneity of the condition and b) can be used to evaluate new translational therapies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919227/asymptomatic-ischemic-risks-in-microsurgical-clipping-for-unruptured-intracranial-aneurysms-in-anterior-circulation
#13
Katsuhiro Shinagawa, Toshinori Matsushige, Takahito Okazaki, Daizo Ishii, Nobuhiko Ichinose, Shigeyuki Sakamoto, Kaoru Kurisu
BACKGROUND: The ischemic risk in prophylactic treatments of unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIAs) is a serious health concern. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to elucidate the incidence and characteristics of ischemic events in microsurgical clipping (MC) of anterior circulation UIAs. METHODS: Ischemic events were prospectively evaluated before and after surgery between April 2011 and March 2017. The location, volume, minimum value of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADCMIN) in high-intensity spots (HIS) on 3T MR Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), and radiographic outcomes were analyzed...
September 12, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905109/white-matter-microstructure-of-attentional-networks-predicts-attention-and-consciousness-functional-interactions
#14
Ana B Chica, Michel Thiebaut de Schotten, Paolo Bartolomeo, Pedro M Paz-Alonso
Attention is considered as one of the pre-requisites of conscious perception. Phasic alerting and exogenous orienting improve conscious perception of near-threshold information through segregated brain networks. Using a multimodal neuroimaging approach, combining data from functional MRI (fMRI) and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), we investigated the influence of white matter properties of the ventral branch of superior longitudinal fasciculus (SLF III) in functional interactions between attentional systems and conscious perception...
September 13, 2017: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900832/spatial-discrimination-of-glioblastoma-and-treatment-effect-with-histologically-validated-perfusion-and-diffusion-magnetic-resonance-imaging-metrics
#15
Melissa A Prah, Mona M Al-Gizawiy, Wade M Mueller, Elizabeth J Cochran, Raymond G Hoffmann, Jennifer M Connelly, Kathleen M Schmainda
The goal of this study is to spatially discriminate tumor from treatment effect (TE), within the contrast-enhancing lesion, for brain tumor patients at all stages of treatment. To this end, the diagnostic accuracy of MRI-derived diffusion and perfusion parameters to distinguish pure TE from pure glioblastoma (GBM) was determined utilizing spatially-correlated biopsy samples. From July 2010 through June 2015, brain tumor patients who underwent pre-operative DWI and DSC-MRI and stereotactic image-guided biopsy were considered for inclusion in this IRB-approved study...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884957/long-term-sequelae-of-hippocampal-lesions-in-patients-with-transient-global-amnesia-a-multiparametric-mri-study
#16
Xiaochuan Wang, Ran Zhang, Wenping Wei, Haibo Jiang, Zhongming Gao, Jianzhong Lin, Jiaxing Zhang
BACKGROUND: MRI signal diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) hyperintensity in the hippocampus in patients with transient global amnesia (TGA) are resolved within several days after the onset of TGA. PURPOSE: To use multiparametric MRI to unravel the sequelae of TGA. STUDY TYPE: A prospective longitudinal study. POPULATION: Eight TGA patients. FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE: A 3.0T Siemens Tim Trio MRI scanner with T1 -weighted MPRAGE, diffusion-weighted echo planar imaging, and multiecho gradient-recalled echo sequences...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869104/diffusion-tensor-imaging-of-the-spinal-cord-clinical-value-investigational-applications-and-technical-limitations
#17
REVIEW
Aaron M Rutman, Daniel J Peterson, Wendy A Cohen, Mahmud Mossa-Basha
Although diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) has become a mainstay in modern brain imaging, it remains less utilized in the evaluation of the spinal cord. Many studies have shown promise in using DWI and diffusion-tensor imaging (DTI) for evaluation of the spinal cord; however, application has been stalled by technical obstacles and artifacts, and questions remain regarding its clinical utility on an individual examination level. This review discusses the background, concepts, and technical aspects of DWI and DTI, specifically for imaging of the spinal cord...
July 29, 2017: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864914/nonketotic-hyperglycinemia-spectrum-of-imaging-findings-with-emphasis-on-diffusion-weighted-imaging
#18
Shaimaa Abdelsattar Mohammad, Heba Salah Abdelkhalek
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore brain abnormalities in nonketotic hyperglycinemia (NKH) using diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and when feasible, diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and tractography. METHODS: Seven patients with confirmed diagnosis of NKH (8 days-2 years) underwent brain MRI. Conventional T1 and T2WI were acquired in all patients, DWI in six and DTI and tractography in two (4 months and 2 years). Measurements of fractional anisotropy (FA), radial diffusivity (RD), axial diffusivity (AD) and Trace from eight white matter regions were compared between the two patients and age-matched controls...
November 2017: Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861798/real-time-quaking-induced-conversion-for-diagnosis-of-prion-disease
#19
Katsuya Satoh, Ryuichiro Atarashi, Noriyuki Nishida
Sporadic human prion diseases are defined on the basis of clinical features, with periodic sharp discharge (PSD) on electroencephalograms (EEG), a positive 14-3-3 protein assay of CSF samples, and abnormal signals on cerebral cortex on diffusion-weighted (DWI) MR images. It is essential to detect the abnormal prion protein in neuropathological or immunochemical detection of brain tissues when we diagnose definite cases for human prion disease. We performed definite diagnosis of sporadic human prion disease in alive patients...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854990/the-uniform-cortex-sign-a-diagnostic-sign-of-diffuse-cortical-injury-on-mr-imaging-of-the-brain-at-1-5-t
#20
Andrew Leung, Apurva Patel, Basem Bahakeem, David Pelz, Donald Lee, Manas Sharma
BACKGROUND: To introduce the "uniform cortex sign" (UCS) and evaluate its performance as a diagnostic test for the presence of diffuse cortical injury (DCI). METHODS: The study was approved by our institutional review board. Three experienced neuroradiologists were given a tutorial on the UCS. They were subsequently presented with 14 cases (7 control patients and 7 DCI patients with the UCS) in random order and asked to determine whether the UCS was present. Each case consisted of selected DWI, T2-weighted, and FLAIR images from unenhanced 1...
August 31, 2017: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
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