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advanced traumatic life support

Paul B Perrin, Lillian F Stevens, Megan Sutter, Anthony H Lequerica, Denise Krch, Stephanie A Kolakowsky-Hayner, Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla
OBJECTIVE: The research attempting to disentangle the directionality of relationships between mental health and functional outcomes after traumatic brain injury (TBI) is growing but has yielded equivocal findings or focused on isolated predictors or isolated outcomes. The purpose of the current study was to use cross-lagged panel and structural equation modeling (SEM) techniques to examine causality between comprehensive indices of mental health (depression, anxiety, and life satisfaction) and functional independence in a national sample of individuals with TBI over the first 2 years after injury...
October 13, 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Sven-Olrik Streubel, David M Mirsky
Facial trauma causes significant of morbidity in the United States. With injuries varying widely, the clinical benefits of antibiotics use in facial fracture treatment are not easily determined. The pediatric population is more predisposed to craniofacial trauma secondary to their increased cranial mass to body ratio. All patients with traumatic injury should be assessed according to the Advanced Trauma Life Support protocol. This article discusses the types and prevalence of injuries and approaches to management...
November 2016: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
Mazen J El Sayed, Hani Tamim, Aurelie Mailhac, N Clay Mann
BACKGROUND: Tourniquet use by Emergency Medical Services (EMS) can be life saving for severely injured patients. The adoption of this intervention is not well described in civilian settings. This study describes patterns and trends of tourniquet use by civilian EMS and identifies predictors of such use. METHODS: A retrospective study of four consecutive releases of the U.S. National Emergency Medical Services Information System (NEMSIS) public research dataset (2011-14) was conducted...
September 30, 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
Christopher Bell, Fernando Domingo, Ashley D Miller, Jeremiah S Smith, James R Headrick
We report a case of a posterior mediastinal mature cystic teratoma with rupture secondary to blunt chest trauma in a 20-year-old male involved in a motor-vehicle accident. Initial treatment was guided by Advanced Trauma Life Support and a tube thoracostomy was performed for presumed hemothorax. The heterogeneous collection within the thoracic cavity was discovered to be the result of a ruptured cystic mass. Pathologic findings confirmed the mass consistent with a mature cystic teratoma. As mediastinal teratomas are most commonly described arising from the anterior mediastinum, the posterior location of the teratoma described in this report is exceedingly rare...
2016: Case Reports in Surgery
Joonghee Kim, Kyuseok Kim, Clifton W Callaway, Kibbeum Doh, Jungho Choi, Jongdae Park, You Hwan Jo, Jae Hyuk Lee
PURPOSE: The probability of the return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) and subsequent favourable outcomes changes dynamically during advanced cardiac life support (ACLS). We sought to model these changes using time-to-event analysis in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients. METHODS: Adult (≥18 years old), non-traumatic OHCA patients without prehospital ROSC were included. Utstein variables and initial arterial blood gas measurements were used as predictors...
September 19, 2016: Resuscitation
Karen Teshuva, Allan Borowski, Yvonne Wells
Lack of awareness among paid carers of the possible late-life consequences of early-life periods of extreme and prolonged traumatization may have negative impacts on the experiences of trauma survivors in receiving care. An interpretive phenomenological approach was used to investigate the lived experience of paid carers in providing care for Jewish Holocaust survivors. In total, 70 carers participated in 10 focus group discussions. Credibility of the findings was ensured by methodological triangulation and peer debriefing...
September 14, 2016: Qualitative Health Research
Kaoruko Takada, Hironobu Sashika, Hidetaka Wakabayashi, Yoshio Hirayasu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the quality-of-life (QoL) and social participation of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) living in the community in Japan. METHODS: A mixed-methods study of 29 post-TBI patients and 12 family members was conducted. Objective scales were used to evaluate QoL (Short Form Health Survey SF-36), depression (Zung Self-rating Depression Scale) and psychosocial function (Sydney Psychosocial Reintegration Scale, 2(nd) edition). Subjective views of changes in social functioning, participation and suitability of family support were obtained by a semi-structured interview...
September 14, 2016: Brain Injury: [BI]
Stefano Magnone, Andrea Allegri, Eugenia Belotti, Claudio Carlo Castelli, Marco Ceresoli, Federico Coccolini, Roberto Manfredi, Cecilia Merli, Fabrizio Palamara, Dario Piazzalunga, Tino Martino Valetti, Luca Ansaloni
BACKGROUND: Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) guidelines are widely accepted for use in initial management of trauma patients. The application of ATLS guidelines and introduction of management by means of trauma team (TT) both took place in April 2011. The aim of the present study was to evaluate related effects on mortality in the shock room (SR) and at 24 hours after admission. METHODS: Data were retrieved by administrative software based on patient admission for trauma of at least 48 hours...
May 2016: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
Demetris Yannopoulos, Jason A Bartos, Cindy Martin, Ganesh Raveendran, Emil Missov, Marc Conterato, R J Frascone, Alexander Trembley, Kevin Sipprell, Ranjit John, Stephen George, Kathleen Carlson, Melissa E Brunsvold, Santiago Garcia, Tom P Aufderheide
BACKGROUND: In 2015, the Minnesota Resuscitation Consortium (MRC) implemented an advanced perfusion and reperfusion life support strategy designed to improve outcome for patients with out-of-hospital refractory ventricular fibrillation/ventricular tachycardia (VF/VT). We report the outcomes of the initial 3-month period of operations. METHODS AND RESULTS: Three emergency medical services systems serving the Minneapolis-St. Paul metro area participated in the protocol...
June 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
Insil Jang, Yuna Kim, Kyunghee Kim
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To identify the relationship between professionalism and professional quality of life among oncology nurses working at tertiary hospitals in Korea. BACKGROUNDS: Oncology nurses are combined with core competencies and qualities required in cancer patient care. Professionalism that means compassion satisfaction and compassion fatigue is a main concept in problem-solving strategies as motivation. Their satisfaction is representative of professionalism and professional quality of life...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Joseph Maddry, Alejandra G Mora, Shelia Savell, Lauren K Reeves, Crystal A Perez, Vikhyat S Bebarta
BACKGROUND: Medical evacuation (MEDEVAC) is the movement and en route care of injured and medically compromised patients by medical care providers via helicopter. Military MEDEVAC platforms provide life-saving interventions that improve survival in combat. There is limited evidence to support decision making related to en route care and allocation of resources. The association between provider type and en route care is not well understood. Our objective was to describe MEDEVAC providers and identify associations between provider type, procedures performed, and outcomes...
May 27, 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Lyn S Turkstra
In 10 years, there might be fewer adults who need rehabilitation after traumatic brain injury because of advances in injury prevention and very early treatment. For adults who do need rehabilitation, assessment might include biosensor recordings in their everyday communication contexts, and home practice might be delivered by a robot that can be programmed to mimic target characteristics of human behavior. These advances in science and technology will enhance rehabilitation, but it will always be our responsibility as speech-language pathologists to advocate for our patients and clients and support them in achieving the best possible quality of communication life...
August 2016: Seminars in Speech and Language
Assumpta Ekeh
In his analysis of the human existence, Martin Heidegger's central focus was on teasing out the complexities intrinsic in man. He employed interrelated elements that he created to explain man's inseparability from the world. For Heidegger, a human being is never isolated but embedded completely in the world. This reality, which entails experiencing undesirable life situations, such as traumatic injuries, is viewed as an inherent part of being in the world. The trauma patient, just as any other individual in the world, is not spared of the vagaries of life at any given point in time...
May 2016: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
Roel De Smet, Peter De Paepe, Walter Buylaert, Said Hachimi Idrissi
OBJECTIVES: It is known that tension pneumoperitoneum (TPP) can lead to cardiopulmonary arrest but it does not figure in the advanced life support algorithms. Therefore we discuss a case of TPP together with the literature review of its aetiology and treatment. PATIENT: We describe an out of hospital cardiac arrest due to a spontaneous TPP secondary to a perforated duodenal ulcer. CONCLUSION: Emergency personnel should consider the possibility of TPP in a patient with a distended abdomen and a cardiac arrest, even in the absence of known traumatic and iatrogenic causes for TPP...
August 2016: Acta Clinica Belgica
Thay-Hsiung Chen, James Yao-Ming Shih, Joseph Juey-Ming Shih
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to assess the feasibility and safety of heparin-free veno-venous extracorporeal life support (VV ECLS) as a means of salvaging polytrauma patients with life-threatening hypoxemia. METHODS: This is a retrospective observational study on 7 consecutive trauma patients who underwent VV ECLS for severe chest trauma unresponsive to conventional measures. RESULTS: The median time to ECLS was within 10 hrs (IQR 2-53) of mechanical ventilation...
January 2016: Acta Cardiol Sin
Christopher C D Evans, Ashley Petersen, Eric N Meier, Jason E Buick, Martin Schreiber, Delores Kannas, Michael A Austin
BACKGROUND: Traumatic arrests have historically had poor survival rates. Identifying salvageable patients and ideal management is challenging. We aimed to (1) describe the management and outcomes of prehospital traumatic arrests; (2) determine regional variation in survival; and (3) identify Advanced Life Support (ALS) procedures associated with survival. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of cases from the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium Epistry-Trauma and Prospective Observational Prehospital and Hospital Registry for Trauma (PROPHET) registries...
August 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Suat Zengin, Erdal Yavuz, Behçet Al, Şener Cindoruk, Gökhan Altunbaş, Hasan Gümüşboğa, Cuma Yıldırım
UNLABELLED: The purpose of this study was to evaluate a rapid cardiac ultrasound assessment performed by trained non-expert sonographers integrated into the advanced cardiac life support (ACLS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was prospectively performed in 179 patients (104 males and 75 females) who underwent cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in an emergency department (ED) during two calendar years (2013 and 2014). Two senior doctors, who had received emergency cardiac ultrasonography training, performed cardiac ultrasound through the apical, subxiphoid, or parasternal windows...
May 2016: Resuscitation
Tariq Yousuf, Taylor Brinton, Khansa Ahmed, Joy Iskander, Daniel Woznicka, Jason Kramer, Adam Kopiec, Amar R Chadaga, Kathia Ortiz
BACKGROUND: Tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) is used emergently to dissolve thrombi in the treatment of fulminant pulmonary embolism. Currently, there is a relative contraindication to tPA in the setting of traumatic or prolonged cardiopulmonary resuscitation > 10 minutes because of the risk of massive hemorrhage. METHODS: Our single-center, retrospective study investigated patients experiencing cardiac arrest (CA) secondary to pulmonary embolus. We compared the effectiveness of advanced cardiac life support with the administration of tPA vs...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
Anwarul Haque, Fehmina Arif, Qalab Abass, Khalid Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Acute neurological emergencies (ANEs) in children are common life-threatening illnesses and are associated with high mortality and severe neurological disability in survivors, if not recognized early and treated appropriately. We describe our experience of teaching a short, novel course "Pediatric Neurologic Emergency Life Support" to pediatricians and trainees in a resource-limited country. METHODS: This course was conducted at 5 academic hospitals from November 2013 to December 2014...
February 6, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
A Chalkias, T Xanthos
The survival of traumatic cardiac arrest patients poses a challenge for Emergency Medical Services initiating advanced life support on-scene, especially with regard to having to decide immediately whether to initiate prehospital emergency thoracotomy. Although the necessity for carrying out the procedure remains a cause for debate, it can be life-saving when performed with the correct indications and approaches.
June 2014: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
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