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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243513/evaluation-of-health-care-costs-and-utilization-for-patients-with-gout-a-population-based-matched-cohort-study
#1
Yi-Yun Lee, Chao-Hsiun Tang, Jin-Hua Chen, Li-Na Kuo, Yu Ko
OBJECTIVES: To better understand the economic burden of gout patients in Taiwan, we conducted a nationwide retrospective study to compare the healthcare costs and utilization between gout and gout-free patients. METHODS: The Longitudinal Health Insurance Database (LHID) 2010 was used to identify gout cases and matched gout-free controls. Gout cases were defined as having (1) at least three instances of diagnoses of gout on medical claims or (2) one diagnosis of gout with at least one gout-related pharmacy claim in 2011...
December 15, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239778/accuracy-of-medication-histories-collected-by-pharmacy-technicians-during-hospital-admission
#2
Jena Jobin, Adriane N Irwin, Jana Pimentel, Matthew C Tanner
BACKGROUND: Transitioning activities that do not require clinical judgment from pharmacists to pharmacy technicians has been endorsed as a strategy to increase patient access to clinical pharmacy services. One role becoming increasingly common is using pharmacy technicians to collect the medication history within medication reconciliation processes. OBJECTIVE: To assess the ability of pharmacy technicians to gather a complete and accurate medication history during the inpatient admission process at a regional medical center...
August 19, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238170/adherence-to-treatment-and-evaluation-of-disease-and-therapy-knowledge-in-lebanese-hypertensive-patients
#3
Hanine Abbas, Mazen Kurdi, Myriam Watfa, Rita Karam
Background: Adherence to treatment, healthy lifestyle, physical activities, smoking, diet, and salt intake are important factors to control for an effective decrease in blood pressure (BP) values for patients diagnosed with essential hypertension (HT). The aim of this work was to study the adherence to antihypertensive treatment and factors predicting this behavior in Lebanese patients. In addition, we evaluated the extent of patient's knowledge and perceptions about HT, risk factors, and medication side effects...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237493/the-association-between-health-insurance-status-and-utilization-of-health-services-in-rural-northern-ghana-evidence-from-the-introduction-of-the-national-health-insurance-scheme
#4
Philip Ayizem Dalinjong, Paul Welaga, James Akazili, Anthony Kwarteng, Martin Bangha, Abraham Oduro, Osman Sankoh, Jane Goudge
BACKGROUND: Many households in low- and middle-income countries face financial hardships due to payments for health care, while others are pushed into poverty. Risk pooling and prepayment mechanisms help to lessen the impact of the costs of care as well as assisting to achieve universal health coverage (UHC). Ghana implemented the National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) for the promotion of access to health services for all Ghanaians. In this paper, we examined the association between health insurance status and utilization of outpatient and inpatient health services in rural poor communities...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237326/a-chamber-of-errors-adaptation-to-assess-pharmaceutical-assistants-knowledge-in-chemotherapy-preparation
#5
C Loboda, J Vigneron, C Mulot, I May, B Demore
French preparation guidelines state that pharmacy staff who manipulate cytotoxic drugs have to follow specific training. In order to assess the pharmaceutical assistants' skills and knowledge, we developed a "Cytotoxic Preparation Centralized Unit (CPCU) of errors," derived from the Canadian concept of "Chamber of horrors." A table listing 20 mistakes to track down was created and each pharmaceutical assistant spent 20 min in the "CPCU of errors" with the pharmacist, who wrote down the spotted mistakes in real time...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233421/motivations-career-aspiration-and-learning-experience-of-students-in-the-pharmacy-program-at-kuwait-university-a-tool-to-guide-curriculum-development
#6
Abdelmoneim Awad, Asmaa Al-Haqan, Pierre Moreau
PURPOSE: To determine students' motivating factors in the choice of pharmacy, career aspirations, and perceptions about learning experiences in the current pharmacy curriculum. ACTIVITY: A descriptive cross-sectional survey of pharmacy students was performed at Kuwait University FINDINGS: The most common reason to pursue pharmacy was that they were not admitted to medicine or dentistry (40.5%). About half of students were seeing themselves employed in hospital pharmacies immediately after graduation...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233386/a-national-survey-on-the-current-status-of-informatics-residency-education-in-pharmacy
#7
Anthony Blash, Connie L Saltsman, Condit Steil
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Upon completion of their post-graduate training, pharmacy informatics residents need to be prepared to interact with clinical and technology experts in the new healthcare environment. This study describes pharmacy informatics residency programs within the United States. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Preliminary information for all pharmacy informatics residency programs was accessed from program webpages. An email was sent out to programs asking them to respond to a six-item questionnaire...
November 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233383/implementation-of-a-pharmacy-research-committee-to-enhance-the-pharmacy-resident-research-experience
#8
Milena M McLaughlin, Elizabeth Short, Rachael Prusi, Dalila Masic, Noelle Rm Chapman, Michael Postelnick
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Most postgraduate year 1 (PGY1) pharmacy residents complete at least one research project as part of their graduation requirements. The research skills learned prepare residents to address research questions and generate evidence-based recommendations for patient care. However, there are multiple steps involved in a research project, and streamlining this process can be difficult. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Northwestern Memorial Hospital (NMH), a large academic center located in Chicago, IL, developed a research committee (RC) to facilitate research within the department of pharmacy for residents and to maintain residency research support materials...
November 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233370/female-pharmacists-career-perceptions-in-saudi-arabia-a-survey-at-an-academic-center-in-jeddah
#9
Waleed F Al Ghazzawi, Alaa Abuzaid, Ohood A Al-Shareef, Sama M Al-Sayagh
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to describe existing patterns of female pharmacy students' perceptions and their expectations regarding employment, job sectors, salaries, difficulties, and burdens, and to understand students' long-term prospects for employment in the pharmaceutical sector. The second objective was to assess students' perceptions of their careers in the short- and long-term. METHODS: This prospective survey was conducted on female pharmacy students at King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah from January 12, 2013 through January 21, 2013...
November 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233313/pharmacy-student-involvement-in-a-transition-of-care-program
#10
Raquel Hertig, Rina Ackerman, Brenda Zagar, Serina Tart
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cape Fear Valley Medical Center (CFVMC) implemented a Community Paramedic Program (CPP) to improve the transition of hospitalized patients to the home setting. In this program, paramedics conduct home visits for 30 days after qualifying patients are discharged. This article describes pharmacy services provided to CPP patients by fourth-year pharmacy students on Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiences (APPE) that assisted with home visits. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Students were oriented to the CPP and patient interview technique was assessed through a role-play scenario...
September 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233285/assessment-of-clinical-and-educational-interventions-that-advanced-pharmacy-practice-experience-appe-students-contributed-to-a-family-medicine-residency-program
#11
Tatum Mead, Derek Pilla
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The literature firmly establishes that clinical interventions made by pharmacy students on Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience (APPE) rotations contribute significantly to cost-savings realized by the hosting practice sites. The Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE) specifies the experiential curricula include opportunities for students to learn about, from, and with other members of the healthcare team through interprofessional education activities...
May 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233284/development-and-evaluation-of-an-overseas-clinical-rotation-program-for-undergraduate-pharmacy-students-in-japan
#12
Hisakazu Ohtani, Rieko Mitsui, Takeshi Akiyoshi, Ayuko Imaoka, Yoshihiro Abe, Motoko Kanke, Tomonori Nakamura, Patrick Foster, Mayumi Mochizuki
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Internationalization of pharmacists, as well as pharmacy students, in terms of both the knowledge to care for international patients and to have medical information literacy, is a current concern in Japan. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Keio University Faculty of Pharmacy has developed an elective course for pharmacy students, based on written agreements with the United States and Thailand that establish a student clinical rotation exchange program...
May 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232893/pharmacy-students-knowledge-and-attitude-toward-registration-trials-and-clinical-research-a-survey-in-a-japanese-university-hospital
#13
Natsuko Ise, Kenshi Takechi, Toshiko Miyamoto, Keisuke Ishizawa, Hiroaki Yanagawa
Clinical research plays a fundamental role in establishing new treatments. Clinical research coordinators are considered essential in clinical research, and medical professionals such as pharmacists often take on this role. Pharmacy students can be considered future candidates for this task. We used questionnaires to survey the knowledge of and attitudes toward registration trials and clinical research of pharmacy students at Tokushima University Hospital. All pharmacy students (103) to whom questionnaires were sent responded...
December 11, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230891/linking-individual-level-data-on-diagnoses-and-dispensing-for-research-on-antibiotic-use-evaluation-of-a-novel-data-source-from-english-secondary-care
#14
Patrick Rockenschaub, David Ansell, Laura Shallcross
PURPOSE: There has been a focus on stewardship programmes to curb inappropriate antibiotic prescribing and reduce antimicrobial resistance. In-hospital, patient-level prescribing linked to indication is needed to support surveillance, evaluation of stewardship initiatives, as well as other antibiotic research. We evaluated whether a novel dataset linking hospital pharmacy records to Hospital Episode Statistics data can be used for antibiotic research. METHODS: Using the Hospital Treatment Insights (HTI) database, which links Hospital Episode Statistics to pharmacy records from 43 out of 153 hospital trusts in England, we estimated the proportion of missed linkage and identified characteristics associated with missing data...
December 12, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225010/initiation-and-outcomes-with-class-ic-antiarrhythmic-drug-therapy
#15
Xu Gao, Avirup Guha, Benjamin Buck, Dilesh Patel, Melissa J Snider, Michael Boyd, Muhammad Afzal, Auroa Badin, Hemant Godara, Zhenguo Liu, Jaret Tyler, Raul Weiss, Steven Kalbfleisch, John Hummel, Ralph Augostini, Mahmoud Houmsse, Emile G Daoud
BACKGROUND: Expert opinion recommends performing exercise testing with initiation of Class Ic antiarrhythmic medication. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the rate and reason for discontinuation of Ic agent within the first year of follow up, with particular attention to rate of proarrhythmia and the value of routine treadmill testing. METHODS: This is a single center retrospective cohort study including consecutive patients with atrial arrhythmias who were initiated on a Class Ic agent from 2011 to 2016...
December 7, 2017: Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220335/features-of-pharmaceutical-compounding-in-the-republic-of-tajikistan
#16
D S Alfred-Ugbenbo, A H Valiev, O A Zdoryk, V A Georgiyants
Despite the deep assortment of finished pharmaceutical products and the reduction in the number of compounding and hospital pharmacies in the Republic of Tajikistan, the need for extemporal medicinal products is still preserved and remains relevant. This article discusses the practice of compounding in the Republic of Tajikistan. History, laws, limits, regulatory institutions, protocols for compounding pharmacy set up, challenges, equipment, extemporaneous formulations, quality control, and storage within regulatory framework are discussed...
November 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216852/access-to-affordable-medicines-and-diagnostic-tests-for-asthma-and-copd-in-sub-saharan-africa-the-ugandan-perspective
#17
Davis Kibirige, Leaticia Kampiire, David Atuhe, Raymond Mwebaze, Winceslaus Katagira, Winters Muttamba, Rebecca Nantanda, William Worodria, Bruce Kirenga
BACKGROUND: Equitable access to affordable medicines and diagnostic tests is an integral component of optimal clinical care of patients with asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In Uganda, we lack contemporary data about the availability, cost and affordability of medicines and diagnostic tests essential in asthma and COPD management. METHODS: Data on the availability, cost and affordability of 17 medicines and 2 diagnostic tests essential in asthma and COPD management were collected from 22 public hospitals, 23 private and 85 private pharmacies...
December 8, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214524/effect-of-storage-conditions-on-stability-of-ophthalmological-compounded-cysteamine-eye-drops
#18
Ahmed Reda, Ann Van Schepdael, Erwin Adams, Prasanta Paul, David Devolder, Mohamed A Elmonem, Koenraad Veys, Ingele Casteels, Lambertus van den Heuvel, Elena Levtchenko
Cystinosis is a hereditary genetic disease that results in the accumulation of cystine crystals in the lysosomes, leading to many clinical manifestations. One of these manifestations is the formation of corneal cystine crystals, which can cause serious ocular complications. The only available drug to treat cystinosis is cysteamine, which breaks cystine and depletes its accumulation in the lysosomes. However, the oral form of cysteamine is not effective in treating corneal manifestations. Thus, ophthalmic solutions of cysteamine are applied...
December 7, 2017: JIMD Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210472/hospital-pharmacists-and-patients-views-about-what-constitutes-effective-communication-between-pharmacists-and-patients
#19
Bernadette A M Chevalier, Bernadette M Watson, Michael A Barras, William N Cottrell
OBJECTIVES: The study's objective was to explore hospital pharmacists' and patients' views about what constitutes effective communication exchanges between pharmacists and patients. METHODS: This was a novel theory-based qualitative study using semi-structured interviews to elicit patients' and pharmacists' perspectives. Pharmacists providing clinical pharmacy services in either inpatient or outpatient settings were recruited first. Eligible patients had been admitted to a study pharmacist's practice area and were prescribed three or more medications to manage a chronic disease(s)...
December 6, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209527/pembrolizumab-as-second-line-therapy-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-in-northern-norway-budget-impact-and-expected-gain-a-model-based-analysis
#20
Jan Norum, Margareth Aarag Antonsen, Terje Tollåli, Khalid Al-Shibli, Gry Andersen, Kristin Helene Svanqvist, Nina Helbekkmo
Background: Pembrolizumab is a new drug approved in several countries for second-line therapy in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) being programmed cell death ligand (PD-L1) positive. This drug has a high cost, and the cost-effectiveness ratio has been debated. Patients and methods: The budget impact to the Northern Norwegian Regional Health Authority trust of implementing pembrolizumab in second-line therapy in patients with PD-L1-positive NSCLC was calculated...
2017: ESMO Open
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