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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913984/basal-insulin-persistence-associated-factors-and-outcomes-after-treatment-initiation-a-retrospective-database-study-among-people-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-japan
#1
Irene Hadjiyianni, Urvi Desai, Shuichi Suzuki, Jasmina I Ivanova, Dachuang Cao, Noam Y Kirson, Dai Chida, Caroline Enloe, Howard G Birnbaum, Magaly Perez-Nieves
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to assess basal insulin persistence, associated factors, and economic outcomes for insulin-naïve people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Japan. METHODS: People aged at least 18 years with T2DM with first claim for basal insulin between May 2006 and April 2013 (index date), no insulin use before index date, and continuous insurance coverage for 6 months before (baseline) and 12 months after index date were selected from the Japan Medical Center Database...
December 2, 2016: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913114/the-role-of-pharmacists-in-caring-for-young-people-with-chronic-illness
#2
Nicola J Gray, Karen L Shaw, Felicity J Smith, Jonathan Burton, Julie Prescott, Rachel Roberts, David Terry, Janet E McDonagh
PURPOSE: To explore the perceived and potential roles of pharmacists in the care of young people aged 10-24 years with chronic illness, through the exemplar of juvenile arthritis, from the perspectives of UK community and hospital pharmacists, health service commissioners, rheumatology health professionals, and lay advocates. METHODS: A sequential mixed methods study design comprises the following: focus groups with community and hospital pharmacists; telephone interviews with pharmacy and rheumatology stakeholders and commissioners; and multidisciplinary group discussions to prioritize roles generated by the first two qualitative phases...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912953/evaluating-the-effect-of-matricaria-recutita-and-mentha-piperita-herbal-mouthwash-on-management-of-oral-mucositis-in-patients-undergoing-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#3
Maria Tavakoli Ardakani, Sara Ghassemi, Mahshid Mehdizadeh, Faraz Mojab, Jamshid Salamzadeh, Samaneh Ghassemi, Abbas Hajifathali
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of Matricaria recutita and Mentha piperita on oral mucositis (OM) in patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). DESIGN: Randomized double blind placebo controlled clinical trial. SETTING: Faculty of Pharmacy, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, and Bone Marrow Transplantation Center at Taleghani Teaching Hospital, Tehran, Iran. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty patients undergoing HSCT were randomly assigned to two groups: placebo (n=33), and herbal mouthwash group (n=27)...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910177/comparison-of-pharmacy-based-and-diagnosis-based-comorbidity-measures-from-medical-administrative-data
#4
Sébastien Cortaredona, Elodie Pambrun, Hélène Verdoux, Pierre Verger
PURPOSE: Health status is sometimes quantified by chronic condition (CC) scores calculated from medical administrative data. We sought to modify two pharmacy-based comorbidity measures and compare their performance in predicting hospitalization and/or death. The reference was a diagnosis-based score. METHODS: One of the two measures applied an updated approach linking specific ATC codes of dispensed drugs to 22 CCs; the other used a list of 37 drug categories, without linking them to specific CCs...
December 2, 2016: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905161/the-impact-of-co-morbidity-burden-on-appropriate-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-therapy-and-all-cause-mortality-insight-from-danish-nationwide-clinical-registers
#5
Anne Christine Ruwald, Michael Vinther, Gunnar H Gislason, Jens Brock Johansen, Jens Cosedis Nielsen, Helen Høgh Petersen, Sam Riahi, Christian Jons
AIMS: In a nationwide cohort of primary (PP-ICD) and secondary prevention (SP-ICD) implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) patients, we aimed to investigate the association between co-morbidity burden and risk of appropriate ICD therapy and mortality. METHODS AND RESULTS: We identified all patients >18 years, implanted with first-time PP-ICD (n = 1873) or SP-ICD (n = 2461) in Denmark from 2007 to 2012. Co-morbidity was identified in administrative registers of hospitalization and drug prescription from pharmacies...
December 1, 2016: European Journal of Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905074/community-pharmacist-perceptions-of-delivering-post-hospital-discharge-medicines-use-reviews-for-elderly-patients
#6
Paul Rutter, Helen Ramsbottom, Ray Fitzpatrick
Background The UK's Department of Health has recommended that formal communication channels between hospital and community pharmacy should be established so that post discharge Medicines Use Reviews (dMUR) become an integral part of the medicines pathway. Objective To investigate the perspective of community pharmacists on the usefulness of dMUR referrals from hospital, the suitability of patients referred and overall views on the service. Method Self-completed survey distributed to 21 community pharmacists who had received referrals from the hospital during a 9-month randomized controlled feasibility study...
November 30, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905017/an-evaluation-of-preparedness-delivery-and-impact-of-surgical-and-anesthesia-care-in-madagascar-a-framework-for-a-national-surgical-plan
#7
Emily Bruno, Michelle C White, Linden S Baxter, Vaonandianina Agnès Ravelojaona, Hasiniaina Narindria Rakotoarison, Hery Harimanitra Andriamanjato, Kristin L Close, Alison Herbert, Nakul Raykar, Saurabh Saluja, Mark G Shrime
BACKGROUND: The Lancet Commission on Global Surgery (LCoGS) described the lack of access to safe, affordable, timely surgical, and anesthesia care. It proposed a series of 6 indicators to measure surgery, accompanied by time-bound targets and a template for national surgical planning. To date, no sub-Saharan African country has completed and published a nationwide evaluation of its surgical system within this framework. METHOD: Mercy Ships, in partnership with Harvard Medical School and the Madagascar Ministry of Health, collected data on the 6 indicators from 22 referral hospitals in 16 out of 22 regions of Madagascar...
November 30, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901600/the-role-of-the-built-environment-how-decentralized-nurse-stations-shape-communication-patient-care-processes-and-patient-outcomes
#8
Kevin Real, Shoshana H Bardach, David R Bardach
Increasingly, health communication scholars are attending to how hospital built environments shape communication, patient care processes, and patient outcomes. This multimethod study was conducted on two floors of a newly designed urban hospital. Nine focus groups interviews were conducted with 35 health care professionals from 10 provider groups. Seven of the groups were homogeneous by profession or level: nursing (three groups), nurse managers (two groups), and one group each of nurse care technicians ("techs") and physicians...
November 30, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899830/the-development-of-the-croatian-competency-framework-for-pharmacists
#9
Iva Mucalo, Maja Ortner Hadžiabdić, Tihana Govorčinović, Martina Šarić, Andreia Bruno, Ian Bates
Objective. To adjust and validate the Global Competency Framework (GbCF) to be relevant for Croatian community and hospital pharmacists. Methods. A descriptive study was conducted in three steps: translation, consensus development, and validation by an expert panel and public consultation. Panel members were representatives from community pharmacies, hospital pharmacies, regulatory and professional bodies, academia, and industry. Results. The adapted framework consists of 96 behavioral statements organized in four clusters: Pharmaceutical Public Health, Pharmaceutical Care, Organization and Management, and Personal and Professional Competencies...
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899778/-survey-on-information-sharing-and-approaches-to-cooperation-between-hospitals-and-community-pharmacies-in-the-care-of-outpatients-receiving-chemotherapy
#10
Chika Kubota, Kentaro Ogata, Emi Nishida, Hideki Kakimoto, Masanobu Uchiyama, Mahiru Fukuda, Mayumi Oda, Toshihiro Tanaka, Kazuo Tamura, Yasushi Takamatsu, Hidetoshi Kamimura
Outpatients undergoing chemotherapy receive oral anticancer drugs, supportive care medicine, and drugs for complications from health insurance pharmacies(ie, drugstores). Therefore, drugstore personnel and patients were surveyed using a questionnaire to ascertain the current conditions of information sharing between drugstores and hospitals. Only 31% of the patients surveyed responded that they received cancer chemotherapy via the drugstores, while a few of them understood the need for information sharing with the drugstore...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898167/nsaids-prescription-prevalence-after-a-cardiovascular-event-related-hospitalization-in-medicaid-beneficiaries-from-puerto-rico
#11
Suzette M Vélez, José J Hernández, Sasha M Davis, María G Almodóvar, José R Mercado
OBJECTIVE: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are commonly prescribed for pain and inflammation. NSAIDs are associated with serious adverse effects and cardiovascular (CV) risks that include myocardial infarction, stroke and heart failure. In the period of time immediately after a CV event, modification to the drug therapy regimen and lifestyle habits should be instituted to decrease morbidity and mortality. The objective of this study is to measure the prevalence of NSAIDs prescribing in the immediate 90 days after a CV-related hospitalization in Medicaid beneficiaries in Puerto Rico...
December 2016: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894270/evaluation-of-tolerability-with-the-co-formulation-elvitegravir-cobicistat-emtricitabine-and-tenofovir-disoproxil-fumarate-for-post-hiv-exposure-prophylaxis
#12
Nadia Valin, Laurent Fonquernie, Anne Daguenel, Pauline Campa, Theresita Anthony, Marguerite Guiguet, Pierre Marie Girard, Marie Caroline Meyohas
BACKGROUND: The preferred regimen for HIV post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) is based mainly on safety and tolerability because it is given to immunocompetent people without HIV infection for a limited time (28 days). The frequency of adverse events (AEs) may be > 60%. Although AEs are generally not severe, they can lead to lack of adherence and failure to complete the regimen. We evaluated the co-formulation elvitegravir, cobicistat, emtricitabine, and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (Stribild(®)) prescribed as one pill taken once daily for HIV PEP in terms of tolerability and adherence...
November 29, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894231/evidence-of-exposure-to-cytostatic-drugs-in-healthcare-staff-a-review-of-recent-literature
#13
Pablo Martín Lancharro, Nuria De Castro-Acuña Iglesias, Francisco-Javier González-Barcala, José Domingo Moure González
OBJECTIVE: Provide updated evidence and learn about the actions that must be implemented in order to prevent the occupational exposure to cytostatic drugs. METHOD: A bibliographic search was carried out on the MEDLINE, COCHRANE PLUS and WEB OF SCIENCE databases, with the terms "surface contamination", "cytostatic drug", "drug preparation", "occupational exposure", "safe handling" and "closed-system transfer device", within the 2010-2015 period. RESULTS: Thirteen articles were selected for review...
November 1, 2016: Farmacia Hospitalaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890453/transition-of-care-a-set-of-pharmaceutical-interventions-improves-hospital-discharge-prescriptions-from-an-internal-medicine-ward
#14
Marine Neeman, Maria Dobrinas, Sophie Maurer, Damien Tagan, Annelore Sautebin, Anne-Laure Blanc, Nicolas Widmer
BACKGROUND: Continuity of care between hospitals and community pharmacies needs to be improved to ensure medication safety. This study aimed to evaluate whether a set of pharmaceutical interventions to prepare hospital discharge facilitates the transition of care. METHODS: This study took place in the internal medicine ward and in surrounding community pharmacies. The intervention group's patients underwent a set of pharmaceutical interventions during their hospital stay: medication reconciliation at admission, medication review, and discharge planning...
November 24, 2016: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889395/-analysis-of-direct-medical-costs-of-type-2-diabetes-in-mali
#15
K Alouki, H Delisle, S Besançon
BACKGROUND: Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) is rapidly increasing in Africa, but it is still rather neglected. Demonstrating the medical costs for treating type 2 diabetes would be useful for improving awareness and proposing solutions. The purpose of this study was to compare the estimated medical costs for basic chronic treatment and the actual expenditures of diabetic patients, and to identify determinants of these expenditures. METHODS: The estimated medical costs were based on price data collected from three public hospitals and their pharmacies (one university and two district hospitals), as well as from three private clinics and three private pharmacies, in Bamako...
November 23, 2016: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884844/medication-reconciliation-as-a-medication-safety-initiative-in-ethiopia-a-study-protocol
#16
Alemayehu B Mekonnen, Andrew J McLachlan, Jo-Anne E Brien, Desalew Mekonnen, Zenahebezu Abay
INTRODUCTION: Medication related adverse events are common, particularly during transitions of care, and have a significant impact on patient outcomes and healthcare costs. Medication reconciliation (MedRec) is an important initiative to achieve the Quality Use of Medicines, and has been adopted as a standard practice in many developed countries. However, the impact of this strategy is rarely described in Ethiopia. The aims of this study are to explore patient safety culture, and to develop, implement and evaluate a theory informed MedRec intervention, with the aim of minimising the incidence of medication errors during hospital admission...
November 24, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882841/association-of-a-controlled-substance-scoring-algorithm-with-health-care-costs-and-hospitalizations-a-cohort-study
#17
Catherine I Starner, Yang Qiu, Pinar Karaca-Mandic, Patrick P Gleason
BACKGROUND: Patients often misuse a combination of prescription drugs including opioids; however, the relationship between a controlled substance (CS) score and health outcomes is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between a CS scoring algorithm and health care use, specifically total cost of care, hospitalizations, and emergency room (ER) visits. METHODS: This analysis was a retrospective cohort study using administrative claims data from a large U...
December 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882839/real-world-drug-costs-of-treating-hepatitis-c-genotypes-1-4-with-direct-acting-antivirals-initiating-treatment-at-fibrosis-0-2-and-3-4
#18
Timothy A Bach, Kathy Zaiken
BACKGROUND: Direct-acting antivirals (DAA) for the treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) have drastically improved outcomes but are also very costly. For this reason, priority for treatment is often given to patients with a higher fibrosis score at baseline by payers and providers rather than treating all eligible patients. Simulation studies have suggested that waiting to treat patients until fibrosis 3-4 may be more costly and result in worse outcomes; however, real-world implications are unknown...
December 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882835/health-care-costs-for-patients-with-heart-failure-escalate-nearly-3-fold-in-final-months-of-life
#19
Engels N Obi, Jason P Swindle, Stuart J Turner, Patricia A Russo, Aylin Altan
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) is a severe chronic disease with growing prevalence and health care burden as well as high mortality. End-of-life cost data for patients with HF may inform disease and medication therapy management. OBJECTIVES: To (a) characterize a real-world sample of patients with HF who died; (b) estimate health care costs for 6 months and semiannually for 24 months, before death; and (c) examine associations between patient characteristics and predeath health care costs...
December 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879232/ashp-foundation-pharmacy-forecast-2017-strategic-planning-advice-for-pharmacy-departments-in-hospitals-and-health-systems
#20
Stephen J Allen, William A Zellmer, Scott J Knoer, Pamela K Phelps, Kevin C Marvin, Andy Pulvermacher, James M Hoffman, Edward Li, Rita Shane, Linda S Tyler, Erin R Fox, Douglas J Scheckelhoff, William A Zellmer, Brian M Meyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 22, 2016: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
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