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Marte Holmberg, Siv Bohne Krogseth, Nils Grude, Karl-André Wian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 19, 2018: Tidsskrift for Den Norske Lægeforening: Tidsskrift for Praktisk Medicin, Ny Række
Alison S Poulton, Bruce Armstrong, Ralph K Nanan
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is common and may require treatment in adulthood. We aimed to investigate the treatment patterns and perinatal outcomes of women with any history of stimulant treatment for ADHD. METHODS: We used health records of the New South Wales (NSW, Australia) population to compare perinatal outcomes of women treated with stimulants (dexamphetamine or methylphenidate) for ADHD from 1982 to 2012 who gave birth between 1994 and 2012, with perinatal outcomes of women with no known ADHD or stimulant treatment (comparison cohort)...
March 19, 2018: CNS Drugs
Evangelos Kontopantelis, Mamas A Mamas, Harm van Marwijk, Iain Buchan, Andrew M Ryan, Tim Doran
BACKGROUND: At a low geographical level, little is known about the associations between population characteristics and deprivation, and their trends, which would be directly affected by the house market, labour pressures and government policies. We describe temporal trends in health and overall deprivation in England by age, sex, urbanity and ethnicity. METHODS: Repeated cross-sectional whole population study for England, 2004-2015, at a low geographical level (average 1500 residents)...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Gaëlle Cheisson, Sophie Jacqueminet, Emmanuel Cosson, Carole Ichai, Anne-Marie Leguerrier, Bogdan Nicolescu-Catargi, Alexandre Ouattara, Igor Tauveron, Paul Valensi, Dan Benhamou
Ambulatory surgery can be carried out in diabetic patients. By using a strict organisational and technical approach, the risk of glycaemic imbalance is minimised, allowing the patients to return to their previous way of life more quickly. Taking into account the context of ambulatory surgery, with a same day discharge, the aims are to minimise the changes to antidiabetic treatment, to maintain adequate blood sugar control and to resume oral feeding as quickly as possible. The preoperative evaluation is the same as for a hospitalised patient and recent glycaemic control (HbA1c) is necessary...
March 16, 2018: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
Kathy Padkapayeva, Mahée Gilbert-Ouimet, Amber Bielecky, Selahadin Ibrahim, Cameron Mustard, Chantal Brisson, Peter Smith
Objectives: Stress is an important factor affecting the health of working population. While work exposures are determinants of levels of work and life stress, we do not know whether similar or different exposures are related to stress levels for men and women. This study aimed to formally examine male/female differences in the relationships between psychosocial work exposures and work and life stress in a representative sample of Canadian labour market participants. Methods: We used data from 2012 cycle of the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS), a representative population-based survey conducted by Statistics Canada...
March 15, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
Heidi Kruit, Oskari Heikinheimo, Timo Sorsa, Juuso Juhila, Jorma Paavonen, Leena Rahkonen
The prediction of successful labour induction is difficult, indicating a need for a biomarker test. Little is known about the effect of Foley catheter (FC) induction on biochemical mediators in the cervix, such as the insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1), matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) and their inhibitors (TIMP). We enrolled 35 nulliparous women with singleton pregnancies, intact amniotic membranes and cephalic presentation ≥40 gestational weeks scheduled for labour induction by FC. Serial cervical swab samples were collected at FC insertion and expulsion...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Reem Y Dabbour, Tayseer A Hassan, Maha S Faqawi, Bettina Böttcher
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the practice of pain management for women in labour at El-Emarati Hospital in Rafah, Gaza Strip, and to compare this management with the guidelines by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE). METHODS: A data collection sheet was prepared and completed for each patient admitted to the delivery room. Patients were enrolled consecutively between Feb 1 and April 1, 2016. Data collection sheets, based on NICE guidelines, were completed by the audit team (TAH, MSF, and RYA)...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Seda Göncü Serhatlıoğlu, Nazan Karahan, Caroline J Hollins Martin, Colin R Martin
BACKGROUND: The Birth Satisfaction Scale - Revised (BSS-R) is a valid and reliable scale designed to assess women's experiences of labour and childbirth. OBJECTIVE: To assess factor structure, validity, and reliability of the Turkish Birth Satisfaction Scale - Revised (T-BSS-R) using data collected from a Turkish population. SETTING: Istanbul Ministry of Health Zeynep Kamil Women's and Children's Training and Research Hospital. PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample of healthy child-bearing women (n = 120) who had experienced a spontaneous vertex delivery at full term...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
Peter Greaves
The aim of this study was to examine the impact of regional diets on the health of the poor in mid-Victorian Britain. Contemporary surveys of regional diets and living condition were reviewed. This information was compared with mortality data from Britain over the same period. Although there was an overall improvement in life expectancy during the latter part of the 19th century, there were large regional differences in lifestyle, diet and mortality rates. Dietary surveys showed that the poor labouring population in isolated rural areas of England, in the mainland and islands of Scotland and in the west of Ireland enjoyed the most nutritious diets...
March 2018: JRSM Open
Allison Milner, Tania King, Anthony D LaMontagne, Rebecca Bentley, Anne Kavanagh
This longitudinal investigation assesses the extent to which the gender composition of an occupation (e.g., the extent to which an occupation is comprised of males versus females) has an impact on mental health. We used 14 annual waves of the Household Income Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) study to construct a measure representing the gender ratio of an occupation. The outcome measure was the Mental Health Inventory (MHI-5). A Mundlak model was used to compare within and between person effects, after controlling for possible confounders...
March 12, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
Yibeltal Assefa, Peter S Hill, Owain D Williams
At September's 2017 United Nations General Assembly, a state-of-the-art HIV medicine was announced to be made available at just $75 per person per year. There have been a number of strategies that the global AIDS community and countries have utilized to reduce prices and make antiretrovirals (ARVs) accessible for people living with HIV/AIDS. There appears to be an opportunity for the treatment of hepatitis C virus infection using direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) to benefit from the often painful and laboured history of driving down the prices of ARVs...
March 14, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Naosuke Kamei, Mitsuo Ochi, Nobuo Adachi, Masakazu Ishikawa, Shinobu Yanada, L Scott Levin, Goki Kamei, Takaaki Kobayashi
PURPOSE: A new cell delivery system using magnetic force, termed magnetic targeting, was developed for the accumulation of locally injected cells in a lesion. The aim of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) magnetic targeting in patients with a focal articular cartilage defect in the knee. METHODS: MSC magnetic targeting for five patients was approved by the Ministry of Health Labour and Welfare of Japan. Autologous bone marrow MSCs were cultured and subsequently magnetized with ferucarbotran...
March 16, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Akihide Konishi, Soichiro Isobe, Daisaku Sato
In Japan, a recent issue that required an urgent response was the streamlining of regulations concerning clinical trials of medical devices. On July 31, 2017, the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare enacted a new regulatory framework called the fast-break scheme for innovative medical devices aiming to expedite patient access while reducing the premarket regulatory burden of clinical trials and enhancing postmarketing commitments. The new framework is expected to provide greater benefits to patients who require access to new medical devices and to companies via improved transparency and predictability, as well as to reduce the social and medical cost incurred for medical innovation...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
Shengtao Zhang, Conglin Ye, Qi Lai, Xiaolong Yu, Xuqiang Liu, Tao Nie, Haibo Zhan, Min Dai, Bin Zhang
BACKGROUND: Lumbar spondylolysis and isthmic spondylolisthesis are common conditions. However, double-level lumbar spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis are rare. We report 24 cases of it along with a review of literature and a briefly description of the clinical and radiological features and integrated management of patients with this condition. METHODS: Of 1700 inpatients diagnosed with lumbar spondylolisthesis at our hospital between January 2008 and September 2015, we selected those with a diagnosis of double-level spondylolisthesis who underwent surgery...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
Nikki Kells, Ngaio Beausoleil, Craig Johnson, Mhairi Sutherland
The aim of this research was to evaluate the welfare of pre-weaned piglets euthanised using three different gas treatments: 100% carbon dioxide (CO₂), 100% argon (Ar) or a mixture of 60% Ar/40% carbon dioxide (Ar/CO₂). Two studies (n = 5 piglets/treatment/study) were conducted: (1) behavioural and physiological data were collected from conscious piglets during exposure to test gases via immersion in a pre-filled chamber and (2) electrophysiological data were collected from lightly anaesthetised, intubated and mechanically ventilated piglets exposed to the same test gases...
March 16, 2018: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
Susan Greig, Sharareh Hekmat, Alicia C Garcia
PURPOSE: Patient satisfaction with hospital food enhances consumption and adequate intake of nutrients required for recovery from illness/injury and maintenance of health; accordingly, the nutrient content of the menu must balance patient preferences. This study of Ontario hospital foodservice departments collected data on current practices of analyzing the nutritional adequacy and assessing patient satisfaction with menus, and it explored perceptions of priority issues. METHODS: Foodservice managers/directors from 57 of 140 (41%) hospitals responded to cross-sectional in-depth telephone interviews...
March 16, 2018: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
Emily K Prentiss, Colleen L Schneider, Zoë R Williams, Bogachan Sahin, Bradford Z Mahon
The division of labour between the dorsal and ventral visual pathways is well established. The ventral stream supports object identification, while the dorsal stream supports online processing of visual information in the service of visually guided actions. Here, we report a case of an individual with a right inferior quadrantanopia who exhibited accurate spontaneous rotation of his wrist when grasping a target object in his blind visual field. His accurate wrist orientation was observed despite the fact that he exhibited no sensitivity to the orientation of the handle in a perceptual matching task...
March 15, 2018: Cognitive Neuropsychology
Santosh Shrestha, Henrik Bak Topbjerg, Nanna Karkov Ytting, Henrik Skovgård, Birte Boelt
BACKGROUND: Multispectral (MS) imaging system is a non-destructive method that has potential in reducing labour and time required for quality control in the production of beneficial arthropods like the parasitoid Bathyplectus curculionis. In Denmark, a project is focusing on possible use of B. curculionis in augmentative control of Hypera weevil pests in white clover seed production where cocoons of the parasitoid remain as a by-product of seed processing. Only a fraction of the by-product contains live parasitoid larvae and requires an effective method for sorting the live cocoons for later augmentative control of the pest...
March 15, 2018: Pest Management Science
Anna-Lena Heins, Dirk Weuster-Botz
Population heterogeneity is omnipresent in all bioprocesses even in homogenous environments. Its origin, however, is only so well understood that potential strategies like bet-hedging, noise in gene expression and division of labour that lead to population heterogeneity can be derived from experimental studies simulating the dynamics in industrial scale bioprocesses. This review aims at summarizing the current state of the different parts of single cell studies in bioprocesses. This includes setups to visualize different phenotypes of single cells, computational approaches connecting single cell physiology with environmental influence and special cultivation setups like scale-down reactors that have been proven to be useful to simulate large-scale conditions...
March 14, 2018: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Juliana Serje, Melanie Y Bertram, Callum Brindley, Jeremy A Lauer
Background: Human resources are consistently cited as a leading contributor to health care costs; however the availability of internationally comparable data on health worker earnings for all countries is a challenge for estimating the costs of health care services. This paper describes an econometric model using cross sectional earnings data from the International Labour Organization (ILO) that the World Health Organizations (WHO)-Choosing Interventions that are Cost-effective programme (CHOICE) has used to prepare estimates of health worker earnings (in 2010 USD) for all WHO member states...
2018: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation: C/E
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