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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719804/maternal-obesity-attenuates-predelivery-inflammatory-reaction-in-c57bl-6n-mice
#1
Sarah Appel, Merle Schulze-Edinghausen, Tobias Kretschmer, Sarah Storck, Ruth Janoschek, Inga Bae-Gartz, Marion Handwerk, Maria Wohlfarth, Kai-Dietrich Nüsken, Eva Hucklenbruch-Rother, Malte Heykants, Esther Mahabir, Jörg Dötsch
Inflammation and oxidative stress are known to increase before labour. Whether gonadal white adipose tissue (gWAT) participates in this process and whether labour-related processes in placental and adipose tissue are altered in obese women is unknown. In our mouse model, lean mice display elevated placental inflammation and oxidative stress towards the end of pregnancy, accompanied by an increased expression of pro-inflammatory factors in gWAT. Obese mice also display elevated levels of pro-inflammatory factors and oxidative stress in placentas shortly before birth...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718880/-i-just-don-t-want-to-connect-my-life-with-this-occupation-working-class-young-men-manual-labour-and-social-mobility-in-contemporary-russia
#2
Charlie Walker
A key strand in the Western literature on working-class masculinities focuses on whether young men are capable of the feminized performances apparently required of them in new service economies. However, the wider literature on processes of neoliberalization - emphasizing the 'hollowing out' of labour markets, the cultural devaluation of lower-skilled forms of employment, and the pathologization of working-class lives - would suggest that it is as much a classed as a gendered transformation that is demanded of young men leaving school with few qualifications...
July 18, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716549/emotional-labour-and-aboriginal-maternal-infant-care-workers-the-invisible-load
#3
R Kirkham, A Rumbold, E Hoon, D Stuart-Butler, V Moore
BACKGROUND: The term 'emotional labour' has been used to describe the competing demands on midwives to empathize with clients whilst maintaining a level of professional detachment. Previous research indicates that when individuals experience difficulty managing these emotions, burnout may result. Aboriginal health care workers often have roles with large emotional demands, as they are relied upon heavily to engage clients in care. However, the concept of emotional labour has received little attention in relation to this group...
July 14, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716350/progress-and-priorities-for-reproductive-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-in-kenya-a-countdown-to-2015-country-case-study
#4
Emily C Keats, Anthony Ngugi, William Macharia, Nadia Akseer, Emma Nelima Khaemba, Zaid Bhatti, Arjumand Rizvi, John Tole, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: Progress in reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health (RMNCH) in Kenya has been inconsistent over the past two decades, despite the global push to foster accountability, reduce child mortality, and improve maternal health in an equitable manner. Although several cross-sectional assessments have been done, a systematic analysis of RMNCH in Kenya was needed to better understand the push and pull factors that govern intervention coverage and influence mortality trends...
August 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716278/single-step-blood-direct-pcr-a-robust-and-rapid-method-to-diagnose-triplet-repeat-disorders
#5
Inder Singh, Vishnu Swarup, Sunil Shakya, Vinay Goyal, Mohammed Faruq, Achal Kumar Srivastava
OBJECTIVE: DNA extraction prior to polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification in genetic diagnoses of triplet repeat disorders (TRDs) is tedious and labour-intensive and has the limitations of sample contamination with foreign DNA, including that from preceding samples. Therefore, we aimed to develop a rapid, robust, and cost-effective method for expeditious genetic investigation of TRDs from whole blood as a DNA template. METHODS: Peripheral blood samples were collected from 70 clinically suspected patients of progressive ataxia...
August 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715659/fetal-heart-rate-variation-after-corticosteroids-for-fetal-maturation
#6
Olga Knaven, Wessel Ganzevoort, Marjon de Boer, Hans Wolf
INTRODUCTION: Several studies report a decrease of fetal heart rate (FHR) short-term variation (STV) after corticosteroids for improvement of fetal maturity and advice not to deliver a fetus for low STV within 2-3days after corticosteroids. However, literature is not unanimous in this respect. This study intends to asses STV longitudinally after corticosteroid administration. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study in a tertiary perinatal centre from 2009 to 2015 included all women who had been treated with corticosteroids at gestational age of 26-34 weeks, had a computerized cardiotocography (cCTG) before and after medication and did not deliver within 48h...
June 29, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714492/estimated-fetal-weight-comparison-of-clinical-versus-ultrasound-estimate
#7
A Joshi, O B Panta, B Sharma
BACKGROUND: Accurate estimation of fetal weight is of paramount importance in the management of labour and delivery. METHODS: This was a cross sectional study conducted over a period of 6 months in a tertiary care teaching hospital. All singleton term mothers with cephalic presentation and intact membranes with ultrasound examination done within a week were included in the study. IUFD, multiple gestation, malpresentation, diagnosed oligohydramnios or polyhydramnios, pelvic and or abdominal masses, and current weight more than 80 Kgs were excluded from the study...
January 2017: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714330/-the-role-of-environmental-factors-in-managing-labour-stress
#8
Melinda Rados, Judit Mészáros
INTRODUCTION: Emotional, cognitive and behavioural aspects of birth and labour stress are strongly associated with the underlying physiological processes. AIM: To study the factors of physical security and social support, the administration of synthetic oxytocin, and how they relate to perceived stress during childbirth. METHOD: Women's experienced physical security, social support and oxytocin administration was measured with targeted questions, and their perceived stress with the short and modified version of the Perceived Stress Scale...
July 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714221/social-participation-among-older-adults-55-results-of-a-survey-in-the-region-of-south-limburg-in-the-netherlands
#9
Nicole Curvers, Milena Pavlova, KlaasJan Hajema, Wim Groot, Federica Angeli
Social participation may improve the health and well-being of older adults, and may increase the social and human capacity of their communities. This study investigates the level and forms of social participation among older adults (aged 55 years or older) in the region of South Limburg, the Netherlands, and their association with socio-demographic and health-related characteristics. The study provides evidence that can be used by policy makers to enhance social participation in the region. We use cross-sectional data collected in a survey in 2012 among a sample of older adults (aged 55 years or older) representative for the region of South Limburg...
July 16, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713173/a-standard-mammography-unit-standard-3d-ultrasound-probe-fusion-prototype-first-results
#10
Rüdiger Schulz-Wendtland, Sebastian M Jud, Peter A Fasching, Arndt Hartmann, Marcus Radicke, Claudia Rauh, Michael Uder, Marius Wunderle, Paul Gass, Hanna Langemann, Matthias W Beckmann, Julius Emons
AIM: The combination of different imaging modalities through the use of fusion devices promises significant diagnostic improvement for breast pathology. The aim of this study was to evaluate image quality and clinical feasibility of a prototype fusion device (fusion prototype) constructed from a standard tomosynthesis mammography unit and a standard 3D ultrasound probe using a new method of breast compression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Imaging was performed on 5 mastectomy specimens from patients with confirmed DCIS or invasive carcinoma (BI-RADS (™) 6)...
June 2017: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712681/-effectiveness-of-individual-supported-employment-for-people-with-severe-mental-disorders
#11
Francisco Rodríguez Pulido, Nayra Caballero Estebaranz, Elena Tallo Aldana, Manuel E Méndez Abad, M Carmen Hernández Álvarez-Sotomayor, Susana López Reig, Patricia Inés Vílchez de León, Enrique González-Dávila
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of an individual placement and support (IPS) strategy in people with severe mental disorders in Tenerife Island (Spain). METHODS: Patients of Community Mental Health Services with severe mental disorders were randomly assigned to two groups. One of them received IPS (n=124), and the control group (n=75) was advised in the usual job search. Patients were followed up for an average of 3.4 years and an analysis was made of how many patients worked at least one day, working hours, wages, the number of contracts and the number of hospital admissions...
July 13, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712189/maternal-mortality-in-pakistan-is-there-any-metamorphosis-towards-betterment
#12
Nusrat Nisar, Razia Mustafa Abbasi, Shehla Raza Chana, Noushaba Rizwan, Razia Badar
BACKGROUND: Every year more than half million mother die due to pregnancy related preventable causes like haemorrhage, hypertensive disorders, sepsis, and obstructed labour and unsafe abortion. Among these deaths 99% occur in developing countries. The study was conducted to assess the maternal death rate and to analyse its trends over a period of 20 years in tertiary care hospital in Sindh Province Pakistan. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of maternal mortality records were carried out for a period of 20 years from 1986-1995 and 2011-2015 at the Department of Obstetrics and gynaecology Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences Hyderabad Sindh Pakistan...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710303/intrapartum-spontaneous-pneumomediastinum-and-surgical-emphysema-hamman-s-syndrome-in-a-30-year-old-woman-with-asthma
#13
Divya Bharathi Nagarajan, Malinga Dilhan Ratwatte, John Mathews, Mateen Siddiqui
The authors report a case of a 30-year-old nulliparous woman with a prior medical history of asthma who developed intrapartum pneumomediastinum with surgical emphysema during the second stage of labour. She was managed conservatively with supportive care and there was complete resolution of symptoms within 4 days. Clinical and radiological findings were consistent with Hamman's syndrome (spontaneous pneumomediastinum). This case reiterates the possibility of childhood asthma or a family history of asthma as being an associated risk factor for Hamman's syndrome and reminds us of the need to distinguish such clinical findings from more important and potentially life-threatening conditions such as oesophageal rupture, pulmonary embolism and aortic dissection that can present with similar findings...
July 14, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710223/sociodemographic-differences-in-women-s-experience-of-early-labour-care-a-mixed-methods-study
#14
Jane Henderson, Maggie Redshaw
OBJECTIVES: To explore women's experiences of early labour care focusing on sociodemographic differences, and to examine the effect of antenatal education, using mixed methods. SETTING: England, 2014. PARTICIPANTS: Women who completed postal questionnaires about their experience of maternity care, including questions about antenatal education, early labour and sociodemographic factors, included space for free-text comments. OUTCOME MEASURES: Worries about labour, contact with midwives in early labour and subsequent care...
July 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709777/fear-of-childbirth-in-primiparous-italian-pregnant-women-the-role-of-anxiety-depression-and-couple-adjustment
#15
Sara Molgora, Valentina Fenaroli, Laura Elvira Prino, Luca Rollè, Cristina Sechi, Annamaria Trovato, Laura Vismara, Barbara Volpi, Piera Brustia, Loredana Lucarelli, Renata Tambelli, Emanuela Saita
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of fear of childbirth in pregnant women is described to be about 20-25%, while 6-10% of expectant mothers report a severe fear that impairs their daily activities as well as their ability to cope with labour and childbirth. Research on fear of childbirth risk factors has produced heterogeneous results while being mostly done with expectant mothers from northern Europe, northern America, and Australia. AIMS: The present research investigates whether fear of childbirth can be predicted by socio-demographic variables, distressing experiences before pregnancy, medical-obstetric factors and psychological variables with a sample of 426 Italian primiparous pregnant women...
July 11, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706102/a-method-to-assess-obstetric-outcomes-using-the-10-group-classification-system-a-quantitative-descriptive-study
#16
Janne Rossen, Miha Lucovnik, Torbjørn Moe Eggebø, Natasa Tul, Martina Murphy, Ingvild Vistad, Michael Robson
OBJECTIVES: Internationally, the 10-Group Classification System (TGCS) has been used to report caesarean section rates, but analysis of other outcomes is also recommended. We now aim to present the TGCS as a method to assess outcomes of labour and delivery using routine collection of perinatal information. DESIGN: This research is a methodological study to describe the use of the TGCS. SETTING: Stavanger University Hospital (SUH), Norway, National Maternity Hospital Dublin, Ireland and Slovenian National Perinatal Database (SLO), Slovenia...
July 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705352/gender-differences-in-the-earnings-produced-by-a-middle-range-education-the-case-of-canadian-colleges
#17
Michael R Smith, Sean Waite, Claire Durand
In this paper we use data on consecutive cohorts of recent graduates from community colleges or community college-like institutions to address the following questions about the gender earnings gap: i) What was the trend in the gender earnings gap for these recent graduates? ii) What role in the observed trends in the gender earnings gap was played by occupational demand? iii) How and to what extent did the domestic division of labour contribute to the gender earnings gap in this young sample? We find that the gap fell then rose, that occupational demand played a role in these shifts, and that the domestic division of labour did indeed contribute to the gap in this young sample...
August 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705190/low-dose-aspirin-in-the-prevention-of-recurrent-spontaneous-preterm-labour-the-april-study-a-multicenter-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#18
Laura Visser, Marjon A de Boer, Christianne J M de Groot, Tobias A J Nijman, Marieke A C Hemels, Kitty W M Bloemenkamp, Judith E Bosmans, Marjolein Kok, Judith O van Laar, Marieke Sueters, Hubertina Scheepers, Joris van Drongelen, Maureen T M Franssen, J Marko Sikkema, Hans J J Duvekot, Mireille N Bekker, Joris A M van der Post, Christiana Naaktgeboren, Ben W J Mol, Martijn A Oudijk
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth (birth before 37 weeks of gestation) is a major problem in obstetrics and affects an estimated 15 million pregnancies worldwide annually. A history of previous preterm birth is the strongest risk factor for preterm birth, and recurrent spontaneous preterm birth affects more than 2.5 million pregnancies each year. A recent meta-analysis showed possible benefits of the use of low dose aspirin in the prevention of recurrent spontaneous preterm birth. We will assess the (cost-)effectiveness of low dose aspirin in comparison with placebo in the prevention of recurrent spontaneous preterm birth in a randomized clinical trial...
July 14, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705146/satisfaction-with-caregivers-during-labour-among-low-risk-women-in-the-netherlands-the-association-with-planned-place-of-birth-and-transfer-of-care-during-labour
#19
Caroline C Geerts, Jeroen van Dillen, Trudy Klomp, Antoine L M Lagro-Janssen, Ank de Jonge
BACKGROUND: The caregiver has an important influence on women's birth experiences. When transfer of care during labour is necessary, care is handed over from one caregiver to the other, and this might influence satisfaction with care. It is speculated that satisfaction with care is affected in particular for women who need to be transferred from home to hospital. We examined the level of satisfaction with the caregiver among women with planned home versus planned hospital birth in midwife-led care...
July 14, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704472/prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-option-b-cascade-in-rural-tanzania-the-one-stop-clinic-model
#20
Anna Gamell, Lameck Bonaventure Luwanda, Aneth Vedastus Kalinjuma, Leila Samson, Alex John Ntamatungiro, Maja Weisser, Winfrid Gingo, Marcel Tanner, Christoph Hatz, Emilio Letang, Manuel Battegay
BACKGROUND: Strategies to improve the uptake of Prevention of Mother-To-Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT) are needed. We integrated HIV and maternal, newborn and child health services in a One Stop Clinic to improve the PMTCT cascade in a rural Tanzanian setting. METHODS: The One Stop Clinic of Ifakara offers integral care to HIV-infected pregnant women and their families at one single place and time. All pregnant women and HIV-exposed infants attended during the first year of Option B+ implementation (04/2014-03/2015) were included...
2017: PloS One
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