keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Labour

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784215/emotional-labour-of-caregivers-confronted-with-aggressive-brain-injured-patients
#1
Magali Huet, Lionel Dany, Thémistoklis Apostolidis
BACKGROUND: Aggressive behaviours are common with people who have suffered brain injuries and induce difficult emotions among certified nursing assistants and medical-psychological assistants who take care of them. These caregivers carry out emotional labour whose content and strategies are little known. AIM: The study explores the emotional labour of certified nursing assistants and medical-psychological assistants faced with the aggressive behaviours of brain-injured patients...
June 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783942/effect-of-the-patient-education-learning-and-coping-strategies-in-cardiac-rehabilitation-on-return-to-work-at-one-year-a-randomised-controlled-trial-show-lc-rehab
#2
Birgitte Laier Bitsch, Claus Vinther Nielsen, Christina Malmose Stapelfeldt, Vibeke Lynggaard
BACKGROUND: Personal resources are identified as important for the ability to return to work (RTW) for patients with ischaemic heart disease (IHD) or heart failure (HF) undergoing cardiac rehabilitation (CR). The patient education 'Learning and Coping' (LC) addresses personal resources through a pedagogical approach. This trial aimed to assess effect of adding LC strategies in CR compared to standard CR measured on RTW status at one-year follow-up after CR. METHODS: In an open parallel randomised controlled trial, patients with IHD or HF were block-randomised in a 1:1 ratio to the LC arm (LC plus CR) or the control arm (CR alone) across three Danish hospital units...
May 21, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782065/foley-catheter-vs-oral-misoprostol-to-induce-labour-among-hypertensive-women-in-india-a-cost-consequence-analysis-alongside-a-clinical-trial
#3
Simon Leigh, Paul Granby, Alan Haycox, Shuchita Mundle, Hillary Bracken, Vaishali Khedikar, Jayashree Mulik, Brian Faragher, Thomas Easterling, Mark A Turner, Zarko Alfirevic, Beverly Winikoff, Andrew D Weeks
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness and economic impact of two methods for induction of labour in hypertensive women, in low-resource settings. DESIGN: Cost-consequence analysis of a previously reported multi-centre, parallel, open-label randomized trial. SETTING & POPULATION: 602 women with a live fetus, aged>18 years requiring delivery for pre-eclampsia or hypertension, in two public hospitals in Nagpur, India. METHODS: We performed a formal economic evaluation alongside the INFORM clinical trial...
May 21, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781685/detection-referral-and-control-of-diabetes-and-hypertension-in-the-rural-eastern-cape-province-of-south-africa-by-community-health-outreach-workers-in-the-rural-primary-healthcare-project-health-in-every-hut
#4
Angela A Morris-Paxton, Paul Rheeder, Rose-Marie G Ewing, Dillon Woods
BACKGROUND:  Non-communicable diseases, mainly cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, cancer and chronic respiratory diseases, are responsible for approximately 63% of all deaths occurring worldwide in any given year. The majority of these deaths have occurred in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The latest World Health Organization (WHO) report shows that the increase in diabetes is also most pronounced in the LMICs. The South African Labour and Development Research Unit estimated a 9% prevalence within the adult population in 2016...
April 11, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781504/epidural-versus-non-epidural-or-no-analgesia-for-pain-management-in-labour
#5
REVIEW
Millicent Anim-Somuah, Rebecca Md Smyth, Allan M Cyna, Anna Cuthbert
BACKGROUND: Epidural analgesia is a central nerve block technique achieved by injection of a local anaesthetic close to the nerves that transmit pain, and is widely used as a form of pain relief in labour. However, there are concerns about unintended adverse effects on the mother and infant. This is an update of an existing Cochrane Review (Epidural versus non-epidural or no analgesia in labour), last published in 2011. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of all types of epidural analgesia, including combined-spinal-epidural (CSE) on the mother and the baby, when compared with non-epidural or no pain relief during labour...
May 21, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778816/disneyization-a-framework-for-understanding-illicit-drug-use-in-bounded-play-spaces
#6
Tim Turner
BACKGROUND: This paper combines evidence from an ethnographic study of illicit drug use amongst tourists in Ibiza with Bryman's (2004) theoretical model of Disneyization. The principal aim was to construct a new conceptual framework that may help scholars, practitioners and policy makers make sense of dynamic patterns of illegal drug use across bounded play spaces such as tourist resorts, music festivals and nightclubs. METHODS: Ethnographic fieldwork employing a grounded theory design was undertaken over three summers in tourist locations on the Balearic island of Ibiza, including nightclubs, bars, cafes, beaches, airports and hotels...
May 17, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778717/first-time-mothers-expectations-of-the-unknown-territory-of-childbirth-uncertainties-coping-strategies-and-going-with-the-flow
#7
Sara E Borrelli, Denis Walsh, Helen Spiby
OBJECTIVE: To explore first-time mothers' expectations of labour and birth, coping strategies they adopt during pregnancy towards childbirth and coping strategies they expect to use during labour and birth. DESIGN: A qualitative Straussian grounded theory methodology was adopted, with data collected through semi-structured interviews in the third trimester of pregnancy. Ethical approval was gained. Data analysis included the processes of coding and conceptualising data, with constant comparison between data, literature and memos...
May 7, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778687/droplets-deposition-pattern-from-a-prototype-of-a-fixed-spraying-system-in-a-sloping-vineyard
#8
Stefan Otto, Donato Loddo, Arno Schmid, Christian Roschatt, Maria Venturelli, Gerd Innerebner
In Italy high-quality vines are sometimes grown in small fields with slope steeper than 5-10%, where an air-blast sprayer is impractical so spray-gun application of pesticides is used, a technique that is very costly and labour intensive, and that causes high pesticide exposure of the operators. A possible alternative is the use of a fixed spraying system, and the first researches are in progress in Italy. A fixed spraying system prototype was built in a vineyard at Laimburg Research Centre with an upper line with micro-sprinkler and a lower line with cooler-type nozzles, and a trial was performed with the aim of measuring the deposition pattern of droplets on the row and between rows with water sensitive papers, also in comparison with a precise low-drift air-blast sprayer...
May 17, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778344/impact-of-clinical-pharmacist-engagement-in-ward-teams-on-the-number-of-drug-related-readmissions-among-swedish-older-patients-with-dementia-or-cognitive-impairment-an-economic-evaluation
#9
Maria Sjölander, Lars Lindholm, Bettina Pfister, Jeanette Jonsson, Jörn Schneede, Hugo Lövheim, Maria Gustafsson
BACKGROUND: Clinical pharmacists play an increasing role in the pharmacological treatment of hospital-admitted older patients with dementia or cognitive impairment. In an earlier randomised controlled trial, clinical pharmacist involvement in the ward team could significantly reduce drug-related readmissions in patient subgroups. However, the economic impact of the intervention has not been addressed so far. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the economic impact of clinical pharmacist engagement in hospital ward teams for medication therapy management in older patients with dementia or cognitive impairments...
May 16, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776942/postpartum-pneumomediastinum-and-subcutaneous-emphysema
#10
Diaeddin Sagar, Trevor K Rogers, Aldrin Adeni
We present the case of a 22-year-old primigravida with symptoms of neck swelling and difficulty breathing 3 hours after uneventful vaginal delivery. On examination, there was surgical emphysema. A CT scan confirmed air in the subcutaneous tissues and also revealed pneumomediastinum. There was no evidence of pneumothorax and gastro-oesophageal endoscopy showed no signs of oesophageal rupture. The patient remained clinically stable throughout her admission and was discharged home after 48 hours of observation...
May 18, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775991/redefining-perinatal-experience-a-philosophical-exploration-of-a-hypothetical-case-of-gender-diversity-in-labour-and-birth
#11
Brianna Richardson, Sheri Price, Marsha Campbell-Yeo
OBJECTIVE AND AIMS: Using a queer phenomenological approach, the objective of this philosophical analysis is to explore the transgender experience in highly gendered clinical areas, such as the birth unit, and make recommendations on how to provide perinatal care that is inclusive of gender diversity within these areas. This paper aims to describes a hypothetical clinical experience to provide insight on the institutional barriers that currently exist and to provide nurses and midwives with pragmatic strategies to enhance gender-diverse care in general and gendered clinical areas...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773474/women-with-fear-of-childbirth-might-benefit-from-having-a-known-midwife-during-labour
#12
Ingegerd Hildingsson, Annika Karlström, Christine Rubertsson, Helen Haines
AIM: Having a known midwife at birth is valued by women across the world, however it is unusual for women with fear of childbirth to have access to this model of care. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence and factors related to having access to a known midwife for women referred to counseling due to childbirth fear. We also wanted to explore if women's levels of childbirth fear changed over time. METHODS: A pilot study of 70 women referred to counseling due to fear of birth in 3 Swedish hospitals, and where the counseling midwife, when possible, also assisted during labour and birth...
May 14, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773310/maternal-concentrations-of-human-chorionic-gonadotrophin-in-very-early-ivf-pregnancies-and-duration-of-pregnancy-a-follow-up-study
#13
Tom G Tanbo, Manuela Zucknick, Anne Eskild
RESEARCH QUESTION: Are maternal concentrations of human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) on a fixed day after embryo transfer associated with duration of pregnancy? DESIGN: A follow-up study of 1917 singleton pregnancies after IVF was performed. Embryos were cultured for 2 days and maternal HCG concentration quantified on day 12 after embryo transfer. Duration of pregnancy was obtained from the Medical Birth Registry of Norway. Association of HCG concentration (log2-transformed) with duration of pregnancy was estimated as hazard ratios (HR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) by applying Cox regression proportional hazard models, where time to delivery for pregnancies shortened because of planned Caesarean delivery or induction of labour was treated as censored...
May 2, 2018: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773083/reprising-the-globalization-dimensions-of-international-health
#14
EDITORIAL
Ronald Labonté
Globalization is a fairly recent addition to the panoply of concepts describing the internationalization of health concerns. What distinguishes it from 'international health' or its newer morphing into 'global health' is a specific analytical concern with how globalization processes, past or present, but particularly since the start of our neoliberal era post-1980, is affecting health outcomes. Globalization processes influence health through multiple social pathways: from health systems and financing reforms to migration flows and internal displacement; via trade and investment treaties, labour market 'flexibilization', and the spread of unhealthy commodities; or through deploying human rights and environment protection treaties, and strengthening health diplomacy efforts, to create more equitable and sustainable global health outcomes...
May 18, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773075/does-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-of-tortured-refugees-represent-value-for-money-a-follow-up-of-a-danish-case-study
#15
Line Bager, Kristian Schultz Hansen, Carit Jacques Andersen, Shr-Jie Sharlenna Wang
BACKGROUND: The recent surge of asylum seekers in the European Union (EU) is raising questions about the EU's ability to integrate newcomers into the economy and into society; particularly those who need specialized services for the treatment of severe trauma. This study investigated whether rehabilitating traumatised refugees represents 'value-for-money' (VfM) in terms of intervention cost per health gain and in a long-term and societal perspective. METHODS: The economic evaluation comprised a cost-utility analysis (CUA) and a partial cost-benefit analysis (CBA)...
May 18, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772681/global-asbestos-disaster
#16
Sugio Furuya, Odgerel Chimed-Ochir, Ken Takahashi, Annette David, Jukka Takala
Introduction : Asbestos has been used for thousands of years but only at a large industrial scale for about 100⁻150 years. The first identified disease was asbestosis, a type of incurable pneumoconiosis caused by asbestos dust and fibres. The latest estimate of global number of asbestosis deaths from the Global Burden of Disease estimate 2016 is 3495. Asbestos-caused cancer was identified in the late 1930's but despite today's overwhelming evidence of the strong carcinogenicity of all asbestos types, including chrysotile, it is still widely used globally...
May 16, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770435/fetal-rotation-during-vacuum-extractions-for-prolonged-labour-a-prospective-cohort-study
#17
Birgitte Heiberg Kahrs, Sana Usman, Tullio Ghi, Aly Youssef, Erik Andreas Torkildsen, Elsa Lindtjørn, Tilde Borch Østborg, Sigurlaug Benediktsdottir, Lis Brooks, Lotte Harmsen, Kjell Åsmund Salvesen, Cristoph C Lees, Torbjørn Moe Eggebø
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to investigate fetal head rotation during vacuum extraction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study from November 2013 to July 2016 in seven European hospitals. Fetal head position was determined with transabdominal or transperineal ultrasound and categorized as occiput anterior (OA), occiput transverse (OT) or occiput posterior (OP) position. Main outcome was the proportion of fetuses rotating during vacuum extraction...
May 16, 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770432/automated-mandatory-bolus-versus-basal-infusion-for-maintenance-of-epidural-analgesia-in-labour
#18
REVIEW
Ban Leong Sng, Yanzhi Zeng, Nurun Nisa A de Souza, Wan Ling Leong, Ting Ting Oh, Fahad Javaid Siddiqui, Pryseley N Assam, Nian-Lin R Han, Edwin Sy Chan, Alex T Sia
BACKGROUND: Childbirth may cause the most severe pain some women experience in their lifetime. Epidural analgesia is an effective form of pain relief during labour and is considered to be the reference standard. Traditionally epidural analgesia has been delivered as a continuous infusion via a catheter in the epidural space, with or without the ability for the patient to supplement the analgesia received by activating a programmable pump to deliver additional top-up doses, known as patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA)...
May 17, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769135/health-inequalities-between-employed-and-unemployed-in-northern-sweden-a-decomposition-analysis-of-social-determinants-for-mental-health
#19
Anna Brydsten, Anne Hammarström, Miguel San Sebastian
BACKGROUND: Even though population health is strongly influenced by employment and working conditions, public health research has to a lesser extent explored the social determinants of health inequalities between people in different positions on the labour market, and whether these social determinants vary across the life course. This study analyses mental health inequalities between unemployed and employed in three age groups (youth, adulthood and mid-life), and identifies the extent to which social determinants explain the mental health gap between employed and unemployed in northern Sweden...
May 16, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768662/immersion-in-water-during-labour-and-birth
#20
REVIEW
Elizabeth R Cluett, Ethel Burns, Anna Cuthbert
BACKGROUND: Water immersion during labour and birth is increasingly popular and is becoming widely accepted across many countries, and particularly in midwifery-led care settings. However, there are concerns around neonatal water inhalation, increased requirement for admission to neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), maternal and/or neonatal infection, and obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS). This is an update of a review last published in 2011. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of water immersion during labour and/or birth (first, second and third stage of labour) on women and their infants...
May 16, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
keyword
keyword
9368
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"