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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922286/central-pontine-myelinolysis-during-pregnancy-pathogenesis-diagnosis-and-management
#1
María Luisa Sánchez-Ferrer, María Teresa Prieto-Sánchez, Rodrigo Orozco-Fernández, Francisco Machado-Linde, Anibal Nieto-Diaz
Central pontine myelinolysis (CPM) is a rare condition usually caused by rapid sodium correction in hyponatraemia after a severe neurological syndrome. Only few cases have been reported during pregnancy, most of which were reported in patients with hyperemesis. We describe the successful management of the first case of twin pregnancy in a patient who presented with CPM after treatment for premature labour and then review the literature on CPM in pregnancy (aetiology, diagnosis and management). Our patient required emergency delivery to achieve electrolyte and fluid balance...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922285/a-prospective-randomized-trial-comparing-foley-catheter-oxytocin-and-combination-foley-catheter-oxytocin-for-labour-induction-with-unfavourable-cervix
#2
Nabih I El Khouly
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of transcervical Foley catheter with and without oxytocin versus oxytocin alone for labour induction with unfavourable cervix. This trial enrolled 108 women with singleton pregnancies presented for labour induction with unfavourable cervix. Patients were randomly assigned to receive Foley catheter alone (I), Foley catheter plus oxytocin (II) or oxytocin alone (III). Outcomes were analysed in terms of success of induction, induction delivery interval, route of delivery, dose and duration of oxytocin, and complications...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922127/variability-of-space-use-patterns-in-a-free-living-eusocial-rodent-ansell-s-mole-rat-indicates-age-based-rather-than-caste-polyethism
#3
Jan Šklíba, Matěj Lövy, Hynek Burda, Radim Šumbera
Eusocial species of African mole-rats live in groups cooperating on multiple tasks and employing division of labour. In captivity, individuals of the same group differ in cooperative contribution as well as in preference for a particular task. Both can be viewed as polyethism. However, little information is available from free-ranging mole-rats, which live in large burrow systems. We made an attempt to detect polyethism in the free-living Ansell's mole-rat (Fukomys anselli) as differences in individuals' space-use patterns...
December 6, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921388/induction-of-labour-for-fetal-macrosomia-do-we-finally-have-an-answer
#4
E R Norwitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921380/induction-of-labour-for-suspected-macrosomia-at-term-in-non-diabetic-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#5
REVIEW
E R Magro-Malosso, G Saccone, M Chen, R Navathe, M Di Tommaso, V Berghella
BACKGROUND: Several randomized controlled trials (RCTs) compared induction of labour with expectant management in non-diabetic women with suspected fetal macrosomia. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of labour induction for suspected fetal macrosomia. SEARCH STRATEGY: Literature search in electronic databases. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included all RCTs of suspected fetal macrosomia comparing labour induction with expectant management in term pregnancy...
December 5, 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921321/from-paperwork-to-parenting-experiences-of-professional-staff-in-student-support
#6
Wendy C Y Hu, Eleanor Flynn, Rebecca Mann, Robyn Woodward-Kron
CONTEXT: For academic staff, responding to student concerns is an important responsibility. Professional staff, or non-academic staff who do administrative work in medical schools, are often the first to be approached by students, yet there is little research on how they manage student issues. Informed by the conceptual framework of emotional labour, we examined the experiences of professional staff, aiming to identify theoretical and practical insights for improving the provision of student support...
December 5, 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920046/resuscitation-of-infants-with-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia
#7
Anthony O'Rourke-Potocki, Kamal Ali, Vadivelam Murthy, Anthony Milner, Anne Greenough
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the respiratory response to resuscitation in infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) as measured by a respiratory function monitor differed between those who did and did not survive. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: Tertiary perinatal centre. PATIENTS: Thirty-eight infants born at 34 weeks of gestation or greater and diagnosed antenatally with a CDH. INTERVENTIONS: Expiratory tidal volume (VTe), peak inflation pressure (PIP) and end-tidal carbon dioxide level (ETCO2) were simultaneously recorded during resuscitation using a respiratory function monitor...
December 5, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918947/the-effect-of-blood-staining-on-cervicovaginal-quantitative-fetal-fibronectin-concentration-and-prediction-of-spontaneous-preterm-birth
#8
Natasha L Hezelgrave, Katy Kuhrt, Kate Cottam, Paul T Seed, Rachel M Tribe, Andrew H Shennan
OBJECTIVE: Spontaneous preterm birth is the leading cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Cervicovaginal fetal fibronectin (fFN) has enhanced prediction of preterm birth and, more recently, quantified results have become available so that management can planned more effectively and targeted to individual women. Manufacture guidelines stipulate that fetal fibronectin (fFN) samples should be discarded in the presence of moderate to heavy vaginal bleeding but there hasn't yet been any formal investigation into the effect of blood staining on fetal fibronectin concentration and subsequent preterm birth prediction...
November 28, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918702/are-immigrants-more-physically-active-than-native-born-australians-and-does-it-changes-over-time-evidence-from-nationally-representative-longitudinal-survey
#9
Suresh Joshi, Santosh Jatrana, Yin Paradies
BACKGROUND: We investigated the differences and over time changes in recommended physical activity among foreign-born (FB) from English speaking countries (ESC) and non-English speaking countries (NESC) relative to native-born (NB) Australians, and whether the association between nativity and duration of residence (DoR) and physical activity is mediated by English language proficiency, socio-economic status and social engagement/membership. METHODS: This study applies multilevel group-mean-centred mixed (hybrid) logistic regression models to twelve waves of longitudinal data (12,634 individuals) from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia survey with engagement in physical activities for more than three times a week as the outcome variable...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918616/nitric-oxide-donors-for-cervical-ripening-and-induction-of-labour
#10
REVIEW
Arpita Ghosh, Katherine R Lattey, Anthony J Kelly
BACKGROUND: Sometimes it is necessary to bring on labour artificially because of safety concerns for the mother or baby. This review is one of a series of reviews of methods of labour induction using a standardised protocol. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of NO donors (isosorbide mononitrate (ISMN), isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN), nitroglycerin and sodium nitroprusside) for third trimester cervical ripening or induction of labour, in comparison with placebo or no treatment or other treatments from a predefined hierarchy...
December 5, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918160/-original-bishop-score-with-modifications
#11
E Hostinská, M Lubušký, K Huml, R Pilka
AIM: To review original Bishop score and its modifications in context of labour induction. DESIGN: A review article. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital, Palacky University, Olomouc. METHOD: Literature review of original Bishop score, simplified Bishop score, as well as modified Bishop scores as predictive factors of successful induction of labour. CONCLUSION: The Bishop score is the most commonly used method to rate the readiness of the cervix for induction of labour...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917979/ecology-mobility-and-labour-dynamic-pastoral-herd-management-in-an-uncertain-world
#12
B Butt
In this review, the author discusses how pastoralism, and its many constituent components, is increasingly being recognised as in tune with the changing political and ecological nature of rangelands. He describes ways in which the literature reflects this changing attitude, outlines how rangelands respond to changes in climate and explores the evolving use of livestock resources. In addition, he describes the growing recognition of factors other than livestock density that affect rangeland vegetation (i.e. density-independent relationships)...
November 2016: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916880/emotional-labour-and-wellbeing-what-protects-nurses
#13
Gail Kinman, Sandra Leggetter
Although compassionate care has wide-ranging benefits for patients, it can be emotionally demanding for healthcare staff. This may be a particular problem for those with little experience in a caring role. This study utilises the job demands-resources model to examine links between "emotional labour" and emotional exhaustion in student nurses. In line with the triple-match principle-whereby interactive effects are more likely when job demands, resources, and outcomes are within the same qualitative domain-the protective role of emotional support and emotion-focused coping (i...
November 30, 2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915137/parental-health-shocks-and-schooling-the-impact-of-mutual-health-insurance-in-rwanda
#14
Maame Esi Woode
The goal of this study was to look at the educational spill-over effects of health insurance on schooling with a focus on the Rwandan Community Based Health Insurance Programme, the Mutual Health Insurance scheme. Using a two-person general equilibrium overlapping generations model, this paper theoretically analyses the possible effect of health insurance on the relationship between parental health shocks and child schooling. Individuals choose whether or not they want to incur a medical cost by seeking care in order to reduce the effect of health shocks on their labour market availability and productivity...
November 17, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914486/are-organisational-factors-affecting-the-emotional-withdrawal-of-community-nurses
#15
Leila Karimi, Sandra G Leggat, Cindy Cheng, Lisa Donohue, Timothy Bartram, Jodi Oakman
Objective The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of work organisation on the emotional labour withdrawal behaviour of Australian community nurses.Methods Using a paper-based survey, a sample of 312 Australian community nurses reported on their emotional dissonance, withdrawal behaviours (i.e. job neglect, job dissatisfaction, stress-related presenteeism) and work organisation. A model to determine the partial mediation effect of work organisation was developed based on a literature review...
December 5, 2016: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913942/out-migration-and-attrition-of-physicians-and-dentists-before-and-after-eu-accession-2003-and-2011-the-case-of-hungary
#16
Júlia Varga
This paper employs a large-scale, individual-level, panel dataset to analyse the effect of EU accession on the probability of out-migration on the part of Hungarian physicians and dentists between 2003 and 2011. The study uses event history modelling and competing risk models. The results show that EU accession did not at the time affect the probability of out-migration while after the end of the transitional period of restrictions on the free movement of labour from the new EU member states to Austria and Germany, the probability of doctors' migration increased considerably...
December 2, 2016: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913689/how-is-low-parental-socioeconomic-status-associated-with-future-smoking-and-nicotine-dependence-in-offspring-a-population-based-longitudinal-13-year-follow-up
#17
Willy Pedersen, Tilmann Von Soest
AIMS: Low socioeconomic status (SES) characterizes smoking and nicotine dependence in adult samples. However, less is known about how parental SES is linked to smoking in offspring and the potential mechanisms at work. METHODS: A population-based longitudinal study (n=1380) from Norway was used. Participants were followed from their mid-teens until their late 20s using survey and register data. Data were collected on parental education, parental smoking, educational aspirations and expectations, school grades and school-related conduct problems...
December 1, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904165/a-retrospective-perinatal-data-analysis-of-immigrant-and-german-women-from-representative-birth-cohorts-at-the-virchow-hospital-berlin
#18
R Armbrust, R von Rennenberg, M David
Introduction: The aim of this study was to define and characterise differences in the level of obstetric care provided to immigrant and German women. Materials and Methods: An analysis of the Virchow Hospital's birth registers was conducted for the years 1974, 1984 and 1994. The study population of 5445 patients was grouped according to ancestry/family origin on the basis of a name analysis, and subsequently also according to parity (primiparous or multiparous). On name analysis 2741 women were defined as German, 1598 were grouped as women of Turkish origin and 810 as immigrants of other origin...
November 2016: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903808/setting-up-crowd-science-projects
#19
Kaja Scheliga, Sascha Friesike, Cornelius Puschmann, Benedikt Fecher
Crowd science is scientific research that is conducted with the participation of volunteers who are not professional scientists. Thanks to the Internet and online platforms, project initiators can draw on a potentially large number of volunteers. This crowd can be involved to support data-rich or labour-intensive projects that would otherwise be unfeasible. So far, research on crowd science has mainly focused on analysing individual crowd science projects. In our research, we focus on the perspective of project initiators and explore how crowd science projects are set up...
November 29, 2016: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902706/a-qualitative-study-of-medical-oncologists-experiences-of-their-profession-and-workforce-sustainability
#20
Alex Broom, W K Tim Wong, Emma Kirby, David Sibbritt, Deme Karikios, Rosemary Harrup, Zarnie Lwin
BACKGROUND: Medical oncology is a steadily evolving field of medical practice and professional pathway for doctors, offering value, opportunity and challenge to those who chose this medical specialty. This study examines the experiences of a group of Australian medical oncologists, with an emphasis on their professional practice, career experiences, and existing and emerging challenges across career stages. METHODS: In-depth qualitative interviews were conducted with 22 medical oncologists, including advanced trainees, early-career consultants and senior consultants, focusing on: professional values and experiences; career prospects and pathways; and, the nexus of the characteristics of the profession and delivery of care...
2016: PloS One
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