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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444794/protection-of-protein-from-ruminal-degradation-by-alkali-induced-oxidation-of-chlorogenic-acid-in-sunflower-meal
#1
V Bongartz, C Böttger, N Wilhelmy, N Schulze-Kaysers, K-H Südekum, A Schieber
Lactating ruminants require an adequate supply of absorbable amino acids for the synthesis of milk protein from two sources, that is crude protein (CP) synthesized microbially in the rumen and ruminally undegraded CP (RUP) from feed which can both be digested in the small intestine. Several chemical and physical methods have been identified as being effective in increasing the proportion of RUP of total CP of a feedstuff, yet there is a continuing need for developing and establishing methods which protect feed protein from ruminal degradation with acceptable expenditure of labour and other costs...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444479/the-role-of-gender-and-labour-status-in-immunosenescence-of-65-polish-population
#2
Magdalena Dudkowska, Dorota Janiszewska, Anna Karpa, Katarzyna Broczek, Michal Dabrowski, Ewa Sikora
Women are living longer than men and it seems that one of the reasons could be better immune system of females. In Poland, contrary to many European countries, women retire earlier than men, namely at 60 and 65, respectively. We asked the question how the gender and labour status were interconnected with some immunological parameters included in the so called immune risk profile (IRP), such as CD4+/CD8+ ratio, percentage of CD8+CD28-, and NK, and the level of circulating cytokines. A total of 92 men and 100 women past the retirement age, namely 65-74 years old, still working or not, were examined...
April 25, 2017: Biogerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444043/challenges-for-ensuring-availability-and-accessibility-toin-health-care-services-under-brazil-s-unified-health-system-sus
#3
Ana Paula Cavalcante de Oliveira, Mariana Gabriel, Mario Roberto Dal Poz, Gilles Dussault
Shortages and imbalances in the distribution of the health workforce, are social and political problems that, along with the socio-economic inequality, reduce the access of the population to the health services. This study aims to understand the challenges of SUS policy-makers and managers to ensure the availability and geographical accessibility to health service providers. The analysis was guided by a framework of the health labour market and health policy interventions. Two main problems have been identified: shortage of doctors and maldistribution of professionals between levels of health care and between geographical areas...
April 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443976/women-s-autonomy-in-the-process-of-labour-and-childbirth-integrative-literature-review
#4
Thamiza Laureany da Rosa Dos Reis, Stela Maris de Mello Padoin, Thayla Rafaella Pasa Toebe, Cristiane Cardoso de Paula, Jacqueline Silveira de Quadros
Objective: To identify the available evidence in scientific literature on healthcare practices that interfere with the autonomy of Brazilian women in the labour and delivery process. Method: The search for papers was conducted in the databases LILACS, Scopus and PubMed, between 1996 and 2015, according to a guiding question and exclusion criteria, resulting in the selection of 22 papers to compose the analytic body. Results: The main practices that favoured the exercise of women's autonomy were out-of-hospital care practices; care practices of support and comfort; and educational care practices...
April 20, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440898/comparing-induction-of-labour-with-oral-misoprostol-or-foley-catheter-at-term-cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-a-randomised-controlled-multi-centre-non-inferiority-trial
#5
Mieke L G Ten Eikelder, Gert-Jan van Baaren, Katrien Oude Rengerink, Marta Jozwiak, Jan Willem de Leeuw, Gunilla Kleiverda, Inge Evers, Karin de Boer, Josien Brons, Kitty W M Bloemenkamp, Ben W Mol
OBJECTIVE: To assess the costs of labour induction with oral misoprostol compared to Foley catheter. DESIGN: Economic evaluation alongside a randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Obstetric departments of six tertiary and 23 secondary care hospitals in the Netherlands. POPULATION: Women with a viable term singleton pregnancy in cephalic presentation, intact membranes, an unfavourable cervix (Bishop score <6) without a previous caesarean section, had been randomised for labour induction with oral misoprostol (n = 924) or Foley catheter (n = 921)...
April 25, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439410/the-mental-health-of-unemployed-brussels-youth-the-role-of-social-and-material-resources
#6
Kelly Huegaerts, Vanessa Puig-Barrachina, Christophe Vanroelen
BACKGROUND: In the aftermath of the 2008 Great Recession, youth unemployment rates in the Brussels Capital Region (BCR) increased. The aim of this study is firstly to investigate the evolution of the mental health gap between employed and unemployed youth and secondly to examine the association of material and social resources with mental health of youth entering the labour market in the BCR. METHODS: Two data sources are used to answer the research questions: the Belgian Health Interview Survey (HIS) data (1997 to 2013; 18- to 29-year-olds; N = 5,562), and the authors' own primary data collection among Brussels youth in the transition from education to employment (2015; 18- to 29-year-olds; N = 1,151; BCR-sample)...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436125/the-quipp-app-a-safe-alternative-to-a-treat-all-strategy-for-threatened-preterm-labour
#7
Helena A Watson, Jenny Carter, Paul T Seed, Rachel M Tribe, Andrew H Shennan
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of a treat-all policy (advocated by NICE) compared to the QUIPP app (predictive model combining history of spontaneous preterm birth gestation and quantitative fetal fibronectin) for women in threatened preterm labour at <30 weeks gestation. METHODS: We conducted a subanalysis of prospectively collected data of pregnant women presenting with symptoms of preterm labour from the EQUIPP (REC Ref. 10/H0806/68) and PETRA (REC Ref...
April 24, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435692/a-cd3-cd28-microbead-based-hiv-1-viral-outgrowth-assay
#8
EDITORIAL
Yury V Kuzmichev, Rebecca T Veenhuis, Christopher W Pohlmeyer, Caroline C Garliss, Victoria Ek Walker-Sperling, Joel N Blankson
AIMS: Latently infected resting CD4 T cells represent a major barrier to HIV-1 eradication efforts. The standard assays used for measuring this reservoir induce activation of resting CD4 T cells with either phytohaemagglutinin (PHA) with irradiated feeder cells, or with anti-CD3 antibodies. We designed a study to compare the sensitivity of a new assay (based on the stimulation of CD4 T cells with anti-CD3 and anti-CD28 coated microbeads) with that of the traditional PHA- and feeder-based viral outgrowth assay...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Virus Eradication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435667/neuraxial-opioids-as-analgesia-in-labour-and-postoperative-after-caesarean-section-and-hysterectomy-a-questionnaire-survey-in-sweden
#9
Anette Hein, Caroline Gillis-Haegerstrand, Jan G Jakobsson
Background: Neuraxial opioids improve labour analgesia and analgesia after caesarean section (CS) and hysterectomy. Undesirable side effects and difficulties in arranging postoperative monitoring might influence the use of these opioids. The aim of the present survey was to assess the use of intrathecal and epidural morphine in gynaecology and obstetrics in Sweden. Methods: A questionnaire was sent to 47 anaesthesiologists at obstetric units in Sweden concerning the use and postoperative monitoring of morphine, sufentanil and fentanyl in spinal/epidural anaesthesia...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435419/the-process-of-creating-integrated-home-care-in-lithuania-from-idea-to-reality
#10
Ramunė Jurkuvienė, Lina Danusevičienė, Rūta Butkevičienė, Indrė Gajdosikienė
BACKGROUND: The article presents an analysis of the formulation and implementation of a social innovation: integrated home care (IHC) in post-soviet Lithuania. From 1998 a series of top-down orders to implement IHC were issued, however, home nursing did not start. In 2011 the Ministry of Social Security and Labour began a process to develop integrated home care using new, collaborative processes. The result was 21 pilot projects with well-conceptualized IHC services. METHOD: Using data from focus groups, interviews, and recorded observations, the research team systematically documented the innovation process, including themes and deviations, employing Smale's Innovation Trinity framework to organize the larger picture...
August 19, 2016: International Journal of Integrated Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434904/deep-sequencing-approaches-for-the-analysis-of-prokaryotic-transcriptional-boundaries-and-dynamics
#11
REVIEW
Katherine James, Simon J Cockell, Nikolay Zenkin
The identification of the protein-coding regions of a genome is straightforward due to the universality of start and stop codons. However, the boundaries of the transcribed regions, conditional operon structures, non-coding RNAs and the dynamics of transcription, such as pausing of elongation, are non-trivial to identify, even in the comparatively simple genomes of prokaryotes. Traditional methods for the study of these areas, such as tiling arrays, are noisy, labour-intensive and lack the resolution required for densely-packed bacterial genomes...
April 20, 2017: Methods: a Companion to Methods in Enzymology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434672/women-s-attitudes-towards-the-medicalization-of-childbirth-and-their-associations-with-planned-and-actual-modes-of-birth
#12
Yael Benyamini, Maya Lila Molcho, Uzi Dan, Miri Gozlan, Heidi Preis
PROBLEM: Rates of medical interventions in childbirth have greatly increased in the Western world. BACKGROUND: Women's attitudes affect their birth choices. AIM: To assess women's attitudes towards the medicalization of childbirth and their associations with women's background as well as their fear of birth and planned and unplanned modes of birth. METHODS: This longitudinal observational study included 836 parous woman recruited at women's health centres and natural birth communities in Israel...
April 20, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434210/changes-in-perinatal-hospital-deaths-occurring-outside-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-over-a-decade
#13
Amélie Du Pont-Thibodeau, Keith Barrington, Catherine Taillefer, Annie Janvier
AIM: Perinatal deaths occurring outside the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) are rarely recorded in outcome studies, despite having a direct impact on perinatal statistics. Our aim was to investigate the timing and modes of perinatal deaths that occurred outside the NICU and changes over time. METHOD: We reviewed all perinatal deaths from 22 weeks of gestation onwards, without NICU admissions, during two periods in a Canadian tertiary mother and baby hospital and categorised deaths according to nine specific categories...
April 23, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434119/cost-analysis-for-the-implementation-of-a-medication-review-with-follow-up-service-in-spain
#14
Aranzazu Noain, Victoria Garcia-Cardenas, Miguel Angel Gastelurrutia, Amaia Malet-Larrea, Fernando Martinez-Martinez, Daniel Sabater-Hernandez, Shalom I Benrimoj
Background Medication review with follow-up (MRF) is a professional pharmacy service proven to be cost-effective. Its broader implementation is limited, mainly due to the lack of evidence-based implementation programs that include economic and financial analysis. Objective To analyse the costs and estimate the price of providing and implementing MRF. Setting Community pharmacy in Spain. Method Elderly patients using poly-pharmacy received a community pharmacist-led MRF for 6 months. The cost analysis was based on the time-driven activity based costing model and included the provider costs, initial investment costs and maintenance expenses...
April 22, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432967/friendliness-functionality-and-freedom-design-characteristics-that-support-midwifery-practice-in-the-hospital-setting
#15
Athena Hammond, Caroline S E Homer, Maralyn Foureur
OBJECTIVE: to identify and describe the design characteristics of hospital birth rooms that support midwives and their practice. DESIGN: this study used a qualitative exploratory descriptive methodology underpinned by the theoretical approach of critical realism. Data was collected through 21 in-depth, face-to-face photo-elicitation interviews and a thematic analysis guided by study objectives and the aims of exploratory research was undertaken. SETTING: the study was set at a recently renovated tertiary hospital in a large Australian city...
April 4, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431333/regeneration-and-health-a-structured-rapid-literature-review
#16
REVIEW
G McCartney, W Hearty, M Taulbut, R Mitchell, R Dryden, C Collins
OBJECTIVE: To identify and synthesise what is known about the impacts of regeneration on health, health inequalities and their socio-economic determinants. STUDY DESIGN: Rapid, structured literature review. METHODS: A rapid, structured approach was undertaken to identifying relevant studies involving a search of peer-reviewed literature databases, an Internet search to identify relevant grey literature, and a review of articles citing two key systematic reviews...
April 17, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430901/synergistic-effect-between-ischaemic-heart-disease-and-common-mental-disorders-and-the-risk-of-premature-exit-from-the-labour-market-a-nationwide-register-based-study-from-sweden
#17
Ellenor Mittendorfer-Rutz, Torbjörn Ivert, Marjan Vaez, Thomas Ernst Dorner
Aims: Common mental disorders i.e. depressive and anxiety disorders (CMD) are frequent comorbid conditions in individuals with ischaemic heart disease (IHD). Still, their effect on preterm exit from the labour market [i.e. disability pension (DP)] in individuals with IHD has to date not been scrutinized. The aim of this study was to investigate the separate and joint effect of IHD and CMD on the risk of DP for women and men of working age. Material and methods: This population-based cohort study included all non-pensioned 4 823 069 individuals, registered as living in Sweden 31 December 2004 and then 16-64 years of age...
April 18, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430556/pneumoconioses-radiographs-in-a-large-population-of-u-s-coal-workers-variability-in-a-reader-and-b-reader-classifications-by-using-the-international-labour-office-classification
#18
Cara N Halldin, David J Blackley, Edward L Petsonk, A Scott Laney
Purpose To assess the level of concordance between chest radiographic classifications of A and B Readers in a national surveillance program offered to U.S. coal miners over an approximate 36-year period. Materials and Methods The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Coal Workers' Health Surveillance Program (CWHSP) is a surveillance program with nonresearch designation and is exempt from Human Subjects Review Board approval (11-DRDS-NR03). Thirty-six years of data (1979-2015) from the CWHSP were analyzed, which included all conventional screen-film radiographs with a classification by at least one A Reader and one B Reader...
April 21, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429508/immunophenotyping-and-activation-status-of-maternal-peripheral-blood-leukocytes-during-pregnancy-and-labour-both-term-and-preterm
#19
Jianhong Zhang, Oksana Shynlova, Sally Sabra, Annie Bang, Laurent Briollais, Stephen J Lye
The onset of labour in rodents and in humans is associated with physiological inflammation which is manifested by infiltration of activated maternal peripheral leukocytes (mPLs) into uterine tissues. Here, we used flow cytometry to immunophenotype mPLs throughout gestation and labour, both term and preterm. Peripheral blood was collected from non-pregnant women and pregnant women in the 1st, 2nd and 3rd trimesters. Samples were also collected from women in active labour at term (TL) or preterm (PTL) and compared with women term not-in-labour (TNIL) and preterm not-in-labour (PTNIL)...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429436/are-we-steering-full-circle-in-our-methods-of-labour-induction
#20
Rebecca Shields, Karl Oláh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
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