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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227881/experiences-with-compulsory-drug-detention-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-bangkok-thailand-a-qualitative-study
#1
Thomas Kerr, Will Small, Prempreeda Pramoj Na Ayutthaya, Kanna Hayashi
BACKGROUND: Thailand has employed a system of compulsory drug detention centres (CDDCs) where drug users are confined following arrest. Although concerns regarding CDDCs persist, research focused on CDDCs in Thailand is limited. We undertook this study to explore experiences with CDDCs among people who inject drugs (PWID) in Thailand. METHODS: Data were derived from the Mitsampan Community Research Project, a mixed- methods study involving PWID in Bangkok. Between July 2011 and June 2012, semi-structured, in-depth interviews were conducted with PWID who had been exposed to CDDCs...
December 8, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227495/fluorescence-activated-droplet-sorting-of-lipolytic-microorganisms-using-a-compact-optical-system
#2
Yuxin Qiao, Xiaoyan Zhao, Jun Zhu, Ran Tu, Libing Dong, Li Wang, Zhiyang Dong, Qinhong Wang, Wenbin Du
Lipases are ubiquitous enzymes of great physiological significance that have been used extensively in multiple industries. Environmental microorganisms are a major source for the discovery of novel lipases with high catalytic efficiency and selectivity. However, current plate-based screening of lipase-producing strains is time consuming, labour intensive and inefficient. In this study, we developed an ultra-high throughput screening pipeline for lipase-producing strains based on fluorescence-activated droplet sorting (FADS) using a compact optical system that could be easily set up in an alignment-free manner...
December 11, 2017: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227010/pre-labour-screening-for-intrapartum-fetal-compromise-in-low-risk-pregnancies-at-term-cerebroplacental-ratio-and-placental-growth-factor
#3
Larissa N Bligh, Amal A Alsolai, Ristan M Greer, Sailesh Kumar
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the screening performance of a low fetal cerebroplacental ratio (a marker of fetal adaptation to suboptimal growth) and maternal placental growth factor levels, respectively, both in isolation and in combination, for the detection of cesarean section for intrapartum fetal compromise and serious composite neonatal outcome. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was performed on low risk women with uncomplicated singleton pregnancies from 36 weeks to delivery...
December 11, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225780/the-decision-to-delivery-interval-in-emergency-caesarean-sections-impact-of-anaesthetic-technique-and-work-shift
#4
Anette Hein, David Thalen, Ylva Eriksson, Jan G Jakobsson
Background: One important task of the emergency anaesthesia service is to provide rapid, safe and effective anaesthesia for emergency caesarean sections (ECS). A Decision to Delivery Interval (DDI) <30 minutes for ECS is a quality indicator for this service. The aim of this study was to assess the DDI and the impact of chosen anaesthetic technique (general anaesthesia (GA), spinal anaesthesia (SPA) with opioid supplementation, or "top-up" of labour epidural analgesia (tEDA) with local anaesthesia and fentanyl mixture) and work shift for ECS at Danderyds Hospital, Sweden...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223625/development-and-validation-of-a-predictive-model-for-excessive-postpartum-blood-loss-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#5
Ana Rubio-Álvarez, Milagros Molina-Alarcón, Ángel Arias-Arias, Antonio Hernández-Martínez
BACKGROUND: postpartum haemorrhage is one of the leading causes of maternal morbidity and mortality worldwide. Despite the use of uterotonics agents as preventive measure, it remains a challenge to identify those women who are at increased risk of postpartum bleeding. OBJECTIVE: to develop and to validate a predictive model to assess the risk of excessive bleeding in women with vaginal birth. DESIGN: retrospective cohorts study. SETTING: "Mancha-Centro Hospital" (Spain)...
November 26, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223042/experiences-of-early-labour-management-from-perspectives-of-women-labour-companions-and-health-professionals-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#6
REVIEW
Sarah Beake Rm Ma Research Associate, Yan-Shing Chang Ba MPhil PhD Lecturer, Helen Cheyne Rm Rgn MSc PhD Professor Of Midwifery, Helen Spiby MPhil Rn Rm Professor Of Midwifery, Jane Sandall Rm MSc PhD Professor Of Social Science And Women's Health, Debra Bick
OBJECTIVES: to examine evidence of women's, labour companions' and health professionals' experiences of management of early labour to consider how this could be enhanced to better reflect women's needs. DESIGN: a systematic review of qualitative evidence. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: women in early labour with term, low risk singleton pregnancies, not booked for a planned caesarean birth or post-dates induction of labour, their labour companions, and health professionals responsible for early labour care (e...
November 13, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222995/updating-edwin-chadwick-s-seminal-work-on-geographical-inequalities-by-occupation
#7
Mark A Green, Danny Dorling, Richard Mitchell
To honour the 175th anniversary of Edwin Chadwick's seminal 'Report on the Sanitary Conditions of the Labouring Poor', we update Chadwick's famous analysis of geographical differences in occupational based inequalities. Much of the field of Health Geography owes both its direction of development and its initial impetus to his 1842 report. The report presented evidence for the importance of local context to health, with individuals of the lowest occupations in Rutland living longer than individuals of the highest occupations in Liverpool...
December 1, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221635/relationship-between-duration-of-second-stage-of-labour-and-postpartum-anaemia
#8
Nuria Infante-Torres, Milagros Molina-Alarcón, Ana Rubio-Álvarez, Julián Rodríguez-Almagro, Antonio Hernández-Martínez
AIM: To assess the relationship between the duration of the second stage of labour and postpartum anaemia during vaginal birth. METHODS: An observational, analytical retrospective cohort study was performed at the "Mancha-Centro Hospital" (Spain) during the 2013-2016 period. Data were collected from 3437 women who had a vaginal birth. Postpartum anaemia was defined as a haemoglobin level below 11g/dL at 24h postpartum. A univariate analysis was used for potential risk factors and a multivariate analysis with binary logistic regression to control for possible confounding factors...
December 5, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221477/trajectories-and-characteristics-of-functional-impairment-before-and-after-suicide-attempt-in-young-adults-a-nationwide-register-based-cohort-study
#9
Mo Wang, Magnus Helgesson, Syed Rahman, Thomas Niederkrotenthaler, Ellenor Mittendorfer-Rutz
BACKGROUND: Despite high rates of youth suicide attempt, little is known about patterns of functional impairment in terms of sickness absence and disability pension (SA/DP) before and after an attempt. The aim was to identify SA/DP trajectories among young adults with or without suicide attempt and to describe associations of socio-demographic and clinical factors with such trajectories. METHODS: This is a population-based cohort study of 5385 individuals aged 25-40 years with a first suicide attempt during 2007-2009...
December 8, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220391/the-meaning-of-a-poor-childbirth-experience-a-qualitative-phenomenological-study-with-women-in-rwanda
#10
Judith Mukamurigo, Anna Dencker, Joseph Ntaganira, Marie Berg
OBJECTIVE: Being pregnant and giving birth is a pivotal life event and one that a woman ordinarily remembers for most of her life. A negative childbirth experience can affect a woman's health well beyond the episode of the labour and birth itself. This study explored the meaning of a poor childbirth experience, as expressed by women who had given birth in Rwanda. METHODS: In a cross-sectional household study conducted in Northern Province and in Kigali City, the capital of Rwanda, a structured questionnaire was answered by women who had given birth one to 13 months earlier...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218714/using-a-service-design-model-to-develop-the-passport-to-safer-birth-in-nigeria-and-uganda
#11
Mariana Salgado, Melanie Wendland, Damaris Rodriguez, Meghan A Bohren, Olufemi T Oladapo, Olubunmi A Ojelade, Adebimpe A Olalere, Ronald Luwangula, Kidza Mugerwa, Bukola Fawole
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate how a human-centered service design approach can generate practical tools for good-quality childbirth care in low-resource settings. METHODS: As part of the WHO "Better Outcomes in Labour Difficulty" (BOLD) project, a service design approach was used in eight Ugandan and Nigerian health facilities and communities to develop the "Passport to Safer Birth." There are three phases: Research for Design, Concept Design, and Detail Design. These generated design principles, design archetype personas, and Passport prototypes...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217630/woman-in-labour-who-was-told-not-to-come-to-hospital-wins-damages
#12
Clare Dyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216212/the-gender-gap-in-self-rated-health-and-education-in-spain-a-multilevel-analysis
#13
Sara Pinillos-Franco, Carmen García-Prieto
BACKGROUND: Women tend to report poorer self-rated health than men. It is also well established that education has a positive effect on health. However, the issue of how the benefits of education on health differ between men and women has not received enough attention and the few existing studies which do focus on the subject do not draw a clear conclusion. Therefore, this study aims to analyse whether the positive influence of educational attainment on health is higher for women and whether education helps to overcome the gender gap in self-rated health...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214445/auxin-enhances-grafting-success-in-carya-cathayensis-chinese-hickory
#14
R M Saravana Kumar, Liu Xiao Gao, Hu Wei Yuan, Dong Bin Xu, Zhao Liang, Shen Chen Tao, Wen Bin Guo, Dao Liang Yan, Bing Song Zheng, Johan Edqvist
Application of auxin to root stock and scion increases the success rate of grafting in Chinese hickory. The nuts of the Chinese hickory (Carya cathayensis) tree are considered both delicious and healthy. The popularity and high demand result is that the hickory nuts are of very high economical value for horticulture. This is particularly true for the Zhejiang province in eastern China where this tree is widely cultivated. However, there are several difficulties surrounding the hickory cultivation, such as for example long vegetative growth, tall trees, labour-intensive nut picking, and slow variety improvements...
December 6, 2017: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213010/continuous-improvement-of-fitness-for-duty-management-programs-for-workers-engaging-in-stabilizing-and-decommissioning-work-at-the-fukushima-daiichi-nuclear-power-plant
#15
Koji Mori, Seiichiro Tateishi, Tatsuhiko Kubo, Yuichi Kobayashi, Ko Hiraoka, Futoshi Kawashita, Takeshi Hayashi, Yoshifumi Kiyomoto, Masaki Kobashi, Kota Fukai, Hiroyuki Tahara, Ryuji Okazaki, Akira Ogami, Kazuyuki Igari, Katsunori Suzuki, Hiroshi Kikuchi, Kazuhiro Sakai
BACKGROUND: Numerous workers have participated in recovery efforts following the accident that occurred at the Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO) Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant after the Great East Japan Earthquake. These workers, belonging to various companies, have been engaged in various tasks since the accident. Given the hazards and stress involved in these tasks and the relatively long time required to transport sick or injured workers to medical institutions, it became necessary to quickly implement a more stringent management program for fitness for duty than in ordinary work environments...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211328/safety-of-the-balloon-catheter-for-cervical-ripening-in-outpatient-care-complications-during-the-period-from-insertion-to-expulsion-of-a-balloon-catheter-in-the-process-of-labour-induction-a-systematic-review
#16
M Diederen, J S M Gommers, C Wilkinson, D Turnbull, B W J Mol
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that cervical ripening with a balloon catheter for labour induction can be done in an outpatient setting in low-risk pregnancies. Introduction of such an approach needs to be accompanied with monitoring of potential complications. Therefore the existence and frequency of any associated adverse event during cervical ripening needs to be established. OBJECTIVE: To assess the complication rate during cervical ripening with balloon induction...
December 6, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210462/vocational-rehabilitation-for-enhancing-return-to-work-in-workers-with-traumatic-upper-limb-injuries
#17
REVIEW
Wen-Hsuan Hou, Ching-Chi Chi, Heng-Lien Lo, Yun-Yun Chou, Ken N Kuo, Hung-Yi Chuang
BACKGROUND: Traumatic upper limb injury is a leading cause of work-related disability. After return-to-work (RTW), many survivors of injuries are able to regain a quality of life (QoL) comparable with the normal population. Since RTW plays an important role in economic productivity and regaining health-related QoL, enhancing RTW in workers with traumatic limb injuries is the primary goal of rehabilitation. Vocational rehabilitation has been commonly employed in the field of occupational safety and health to increase the number of injured people returning to the labour market, prevent illness, increase well-being, and reduce disability...
December 6, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210161/do-time-of-birth-unit-volume-and-staff-seniority-affect-neonatal-outcome-in-deliveries-at-%C3%A2-34-0-weeks-of-gestation
#18
P Reif, G Pichler, A Griesbacher, G Lehner, W Schöll, U Lang, H Hofmann, D Ulrich
OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether time of birth, unit volume, and staff seniority affect neonatal outcome in neonates born at ≥34+0 weeks of gestation. DESIGN: Population-based prospective cohort study. SETTING: Ten public hospitals in the Austrian province of Styria. SAMPLE: A total of 87 065 neonates delivered in the period 2004-2015. METHODS: Based on short-term outcome data, generalised linear mixed models were used to calculate the risk for adverse and severely adverse neonatal outcomes according to time of birth, unit volume, and staff seniority...
December 6, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210092/comparison-of-digital-and-film-chest-radiography-for-detection-and-medical-surveillance-of-silicosis-in-a-setting-with-a-high-burden-of-tuberculosis
#19
Alfred Franzblau, Jim teWaterNaude, Ananda Sen, Hannah d'Arcy, Jacqueline S Smilg, Khanyakude S Mashao, Cristopher A Meyer, James E Lockey, Rodney I Ehrlich
BACKGROUND: Continuing use of analog film and digital chest radiography for screening and surveillance for pneumoconiosis and tuberculosis in lower and middle income countries raises questions of equivalence of disease detection. This study compared analog to digital images for intra-rater agreement across formats and prevalence of changes related to silicosis and tuberculosis among South African gold miners using the International Labour Organization classification system. METHODS: Miners with diverse radiological presentations of silicosis and tuberculosis were recruited...
December 6, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208652/is-continuous-electronic-fetal-monitoring-useful-for-all-women-in-labour
#20
Edward Mullins, Christoph Lees, Peter Brocklehurst
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
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