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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098951/lessons-learned-from-a-practice-based-multisite-intervention-study-with-nurse-participants
#1
Christopher R Friese, Kari Mendelsohn-Victor, Pamela Ginex, Carol M McMahon, Alex J Fauer, Marjorie C McCullagh
PURPOSE: To identify challenges and solutions to the efficient conduct of a multisite, practice-based randomized controlled trial to improve nurses' adherence to personal protective equipment use in ambulatory oncology settings. DESIGN: The Drug Exposure Feedback and Education for Nurses' Safety (DEFENS) study is a clustered, randomized, controlled trial. Participating sites are randomized to Web-based feedback on hazardous drug exposures in the sites plus tailored messages to address barriers versus a control intervention of a Web-based continuing education video...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097605/elevated-carbon-dioxide-concentration-reduces-alarm-signaling-in-aphids
#2
Antoine Boullis, Bérénice Fassotte, Landry Sarles, Georges Lognay, Stéphanie Heuskin, Maryse Vanderplanck, Stefan Bartram, Eric Haubruge, Frédéric Francis, François J Verheggen
Insects often rely on olfaction to communicate with conspecifics. While the chemical language of insects has been deciphered in recent decades, few studies have assessed how changes in atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations might impact pheromonal communication in insects. Here, we hypothesize that changes in the concentration of atmospheric carbon dioxide affect the whole dynamics of alarm signaling in aphids, including: (1) the production of the active compound (E)-β-farnesene (Eβf), (2) emission behavior when under attack, (3) perception by the olfactory apparatus, and (4) the escape response...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Chemical Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097516/are-event-related-potentials-to-dynamic-facial-expressions-of-emotion-related-to-individual-differences-in-the-accuracy-of-processing-facial-expressions-and-identity
#3
Guillermo Recio, Oliver Wilhelm, Werner Sommer, Andrea Hildebrandt
Despite a wealth of knowledge about the neural mechanisms behind emotional facial expression processing, little is known about how they relate to individual differences in social cognition abilities. We studied individual differences in the event-related potentials (ERPs) elicited by dynamic facial expressions. First, we assessed the latent structure of the ERPs, reflecting structural face processing in the N170, and the allocation of processing resources and reflexive attention to emotionally salient stimuli, in the early posterior negativity (EPN) and the late positive complex (LPC)...
January 17, 2017: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096666/barriers-and-facilitators-influencing-self-management-among-copd-patients-a-mixed-methods-exploration-in-primary-and-affiliated-specialist-care
#4
Chantal F Hillebregt, Auke J Vlonk, Marc A Bruijnzeels, Onno Cp van Schayck, Niels H Chavannes
Self-management is becoming increasingly important in COPD health care although it remains difficult to embed self-management into routine clinical care. The implementation of self-management is understood as a complex interaction at the level of patient, health care provider (HCP), and health system. Nonetheless there is still a poor understanding of the barriers and effective facilitators. Comprehension of these determinants can have significant implications in optimizing self-management implementation and give further directions for the development of self-management interventions...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095855/meet-us-on-the-phone-mobile-phone-programs-for-adolescent-sexual-and-reproductive-health-in-low-to-middle-income-countries
#5
REVIEW
Nicole B Ippoliti, Kelly L'Engle
INTRODUCTION: mHealth as a technical area has seen increasing interest and promise from both developed and developing countries. While published research from higher income countries on mHealth solutions for adolescent sexual and reproductive health (SRH) is growing, there is much less documentation of SRH mHealth interventions for youth living in resource-poor settings. We conducted a global landscape analysis to answer the following research question: How are programs using mHealth interventions to improve adolescent SRH in low to middle income countries (LMICs)? METHODS: To obtain the latest information about mHealth programs targeting youth SRH, a global call for project resources was issued in 2014...
January 17, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090097/impact-of-the-birkman-method-assessment-on-pharmacy-student-self-confidence-self-perceptions-and-self-awareness
#6
Whitney D Maxwell, Amy D Grant, Patricia H Fabel, Cathy Worrall, Kristy Brittain, Breanne Martinez, Z Kevin Lu, Robert Davis, Georgia H Doran, Bryan Ziegler
Objective. To identify changes in pharmacy student self-confidence, self-perceptions, and self-awareness after completing the Birkman Method assessment and training program. Methods. Survey tools were developed to evaluate students at baseline and following the co-curricular Birkman Method program. Following IRB approval, students participating in the Birkman Method program were recruited for enrollment in this survey-based study. Results. Student self-confidence was high at baseline (mean=4 out of 5) and did not significantly change after Birkman Method testing and training...
November 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086850/the-prevalence-trend-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-components-and-risk-factors-in-korean-adults-results-from-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2008-2013
#7
Binh Thang Tran, Bo Yoon Jeong, Jin-Kyoung Oh
BACKGROUND: Abnormalities in the clinical markers of metabolic syndrome (MS) are associated with the development of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and some cancers. MS prevalence in Korea increased between the mid-1990s and mid-2000s; however, no data on the recent trends of MS prevalence are available. Thus, we aimed to investigate the prevalence of MS, the five components of MS, and the related risk factors in Korean adults by using recent data. METHODS: Data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted between 2008 and 2013 were used...
January 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075509/complexation-and-electronic-communication-between-corannulene-based-buckybowls-and-a-curved-truxene-ttf-donor
#8
Maria Gallego, Joaquin Calbo, Rafael M Krick-Calderon, Paula Pla, Ya-Chu Hsieh, Emilio Manuel Pérez, Yao-Ting Wu, Enrique Orti, Dirk M Guldi, Nazario Martin
The association behavior of an electron-donating, bowl-shaped, truxene-based tetrathiafulvalene (truxTTF) with two corannulene-based fullerene fragments -C32H12 and C38H14- is investigated in several solvents. Formation of 1:1 complexes is followed by absorption titrations and complemented by density functional theory (DFT) calculations. The binding constants are in the range of log Ka 2.9-3.5. DFT calculations reveal that the conformation in which the 1,3-dithiole ring of truxTTF is placed inside the concave cavity of the corannulene derivative is the most stable arrangement...
January 11, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074306/second-and-thirdhand-smoke-exposure-attitudes-and-protective-practices-results-from-a-survey-of-hispanic-residents-in-multi-unit-housing
#9
Angelica Delgado-Rendon, Tess Boley Cruz, Daniel Soto, Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati, Jennifer B Unger
Secondhand and third hand smoke (SHS, THS) exposure is prevalent in multi-unit housing (MUH). Minorities and low-income MUH residents are disproportionally exposed to SHS and THS compared to other populations. This study describes the characteristics, attitudes, knowledge, and behaviors related to SHS, THS and marijuana smoke exposure (MSHS) of a sample of Hispanic tenants in randomly selected MUH units in eastern metro Los Angeles (n = 402). Although most participants (97%) banned smoking inside their homes, 80% reported infiltration of SHS inside their apartments within the last year...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068190/er-yag-laser-irradiation-induces-behavioral-changes-in-v-harveyi
#10
Idan Redenski, Sharonit Sahar-Helft, Adam Stabholz, Doron Steinberg
OBJECTIVES: Laser technologies have many different applications in medical, agricultural, and industrial fields. Studies have shown several effects of laser energy on different bacterial species, in a wide variety of settings. Recent reports have found that one of the unique features of bacteria is their ability to communicate among themselves (quorum sensing). We sought to investigate whether low-energy laser irradiation affects bacterial behavior, which is regulated by quorum sensing...
January 9, 2017: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068156/personalized-risk-communication-for-personalized-risk-assessment-real-world-assessment-of-knowledge-and-motivation-for-six-mortality-risk-measures-from-an-online-life-expectancy-calculator
#11
Douglas G Manuel, Kasim E Abdulaziz, Richard Perez, Sarah Beach, Carol Bennett
In the clinical setting, previous studies have shown personalized risk assessment and communication improves risk perception and motivation. We evaluated an online health calculator that estimated and presented six different measures of life expectancy/mortality based on a person's sociodemographic and health behavior profile. Immediately after receiving calculator results, participants were invited to complete an online survey that asked how informative and motivating they found each risk measure, whether they would share their results and whether the calculator provided information they need to make lifestyle changes...
January 9, 2017: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065650/network-dynamics-mediate-circadian-clock-plasticity
#12
Abdelhalim Azzi, Jennifer A Evans, Tanya Leise, Jihwan Myung, Toru Takumi, Alec J Davidson, Steven A Brown
A circadian clock governs most aspects of mammalian behavior. Although its properties are in part genetically determined, altered light-dark environment can change circadian period length through a mechanism requiring de novo DNA methylation. We show here that this mechanism is mediated not via cell-autonomous clock properties, but rather through altered networking within the suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN), the circadian "master clock," which is DNA methylated in region-specific manner. DNA methylation is necessary to temporally reorganize circadian phasing among SCN neurons, which in turn changes the period length of the network as a whole...
January 2, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060582/encoded-exposure-and-social-norms-in-entertainment-education
#13
Amy Henderson Riley, Suruchi Sood, Paramita Dasgupta Mazumdar, Narendra Nath Choudary, Alka Malhotra, Naysan Sahba
Entertainment-education is an effective health communication strategy that combines or embeds educational messages into entertainment programs to bring about social and behavior change. For years, scholars have considered how entertainment-education works. Some contemporary theories posit that entertainment-education does not engender behavior change directly but does so through mediating variables. This study adds to the literature on this topic by exploring the direct relationship between exposure and social norms instead of their relationship through behavior as a mediator...
January 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057835/how-social-learning-adds-up-to-a-culture-from-birdsong-to-human-public-opinion
#14
REVIEW
Ofer Tchernichovski, Olga Feher, Daniel Fimiarz, Dalton Conley
Distributed social learning may occur at many temporal and spatial scales, but it rarely adds up to a stable culture. Cultures vary in stability and diversity (polymorphism), ranging from chaotic or drifting cultures, through cumulative polymorphic cultures, to stable monolithic cultures with high conformity levels. What features can sustain polymorphism, preventing cultures from collapsing into either chaotic or highly conforming states? We investigate this question by integrating studies across two quite separate disciplines: the emergence of song cultures in birds, and the spread of public opinion and social conventions in humans...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049542/technology-assisted-intervention-for-parents-of-adolescents-in-residential-substance-use-treatment-protocol-of-an-open-trial-and-pilot-randomized-trial
#15
Sara J Becker, Lynn Hernandez, Anthony Spirito, Selby Conrad
BACKGROUND: Adolescents in residential substance use disorder (SUD) treatment have poor outcomes post-discharge, with follow-up studies suggesting that most adolescents relapse within 90 days. Parenting practices directly influence adolescent SUD outcomes, but parents of adolescents with SUDs are difficult to engage in traditional behavioral treatments. The current study adapts and evaluates a technology-assisted intervention for parents of adolescents in residential SUD treatment. Based on pilot qualitative data with parents, adolescents, and residential staff, we augment an existing computerized intervention (Parenting Wisely; PW) with four in-person coaching sessions, personalized text messages, and an expert-moderated online parent message board...
January 3, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044978/-nudges-relevance-limitations-and-ethical-issues-specifically-in-health-policy
#16
Caroline Huyard
The concept of "nudge" has recently spread accross the field of research that addresses the issue of health behaviours change. According to Thaler and Sunstein (2008) a nudge is "any aspect of the choice architecture that alters people's behavior in a predictable way without forbidding any options or significantly changing their economic incentives". Similar concepts, such as persuasive technology or manipulation, have been studied for decades in the fields of design, psychology or communication. The novelty of the concept of "nudge"' lies in its particular political purpose, namely libertarian paternalism...
December 2016: Médecine Sciences: M/S
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042228/predictions-from-early-adolescent-emotional-repair-abilities-to-functioning-in-future-relationships
#17
Elenda T Hessel, Emily L Loeb, David E Szwedo, Joseph P Allen
This study examined adolescents' ability to utilize emotional repair-to actively change negative moods to more positive moods-as a predictor of the quality of their developing peer and romantic relationships over time. Utilizing observational data and partners' reports, adolescents (N = 184), their close peers, and their romantic partners were followed from ages 15-19. Adolescents with initially stronger emotional repair abilities were rated as increasingly socially competent over time, and both displayed and experienced increasingly positive interactive behaviors with close peers over time...
December 2016: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040000/effects-of-background-noise-on-acoustic-characteristics-of-bengalese-finch-songs
#18
Shintaro Shiba, Kazuo Okanoya, Ryosuke O Tachibana
Online regulation of vocalization in response to auditory feedback is one of the essential issues for vocal communication. One such audio-vocal interaction is the Lombard effect, an involuntary increase in vocal amplitude in response to the presence of background noise. Along with vocal amplitude, other acoustic characteristics, including fundamental frequency (F0), also change in some species. Bengalese finches (Lonchura striata var. domestica) are a suitable model for comparative, ethological, and neuroscientific studies on audio-vocal interaction because they require real-time auditory feedback of their own songs to maintain normal singing...
December 2016: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033470/developing-a-motion-comic-for-hiv-std-prevention-for-young-people-ages-15-24-part-2-evaluation-of-a-pilot-intervention
#19
Leigh A Willis, Rachel Kachur, Ted J Castellanos, Kristen Nichols, Maria C B Mendoza, Zaneta J Gaul, Pilgrim Spikes, Ashley C Gamayo, Marcus D Durham, Lisa LaPlace, Julie Straw, Colleen Staatz, Hadiza Buge, Matthew Hogben, Susan Robinson, John Brooks, Madeline Y Sutton
In the United States, young people (ages 15-24 years) are disproportionately affected by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), due at least in part to inadequate or incorrect HIV/STD-related knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and behavioral intentions (KABI). Comic book narratives are a proven method of HIV/STD prevention communication to strengthen KABI for HIV/STD prevention. Motion comics, a new type of comic media, are an engaging and low-cost means of narrative storytelling...
December 29, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032306/the-efficacy-of-an-american-indian-culturally-based-risk-prevention-program-for-upper-elementary-school-youth-residing-on-the-northern-plains-reservations
#20
John J Usera
Culturally-based risk behavior prevention programs for American Indian elementary school children are sparse. Thus a group of American Indian educators collaborated in the creation of a program that helps children make healthy decisions based on their cultural and traditional value system. In this paper the effectiveness of Lakota Circles of Hope (LCH), an elementary school culturally-based prevention program was studied and evaluated. Three cohorts of fourth and fifth graders participated in a mixed methods quasi-experimental evaluative research design that included focus groups and surveys prior to and following the intervention...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
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