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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148287/does-the-brief-observation-of-social-communication-change-help-moving-forward-in-measuring-change-in-early-autism-intervention-studies
#1
Mirjam Kj Pijl, Nanda Nj Rommelse, Monica Hendriks, Manon Wp De Korte, Jan K Buitelaar, Iris J Oosterling
The field of early autism research is in dire need of outcome measures that adequately reflect subtle changes in core autistic behaviors. This article compares the ability of a newly developed measure, the Brief Observation of Social Communication Change (BOSCC), and the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS) to detect changes in core symptoms of autism in 44 toddlers. The results provide encouraging evidence for the Brief Observation of Social Communication Change as a candidate outcome measure, as reflected in sufficient inter- and intra-rater reliability, independency from other child characteristics, and sensitivity to capture change...
December 1, 2016: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143413/bioinspired-chemical-communication-between-synthetic-nanomotors
#2
Chuanrui Chen, Xiaocong Chang, Hazhir Teymourian, Doris E Ramírez Herrera, Berta Esteban Fernández de Ávila, Xiaolong Lu, Jinxing Li, Sha He, Chengcheng Fang, Yuyan Liang, Fangzhi Mou, Jianguo Guan, Joseph Wang
While chemical communication plays a key role in diverse natural processes, the intelligent chemical communication between synthetic nanomotors remains unexplored. Here we demonstrate the design and operation of bio-inspired synthetic nanomotors capable of chemical communication among themselves that influences their propulsion behavior. The chemical message is sent from a moving 'activator' motor to a nearby 'activated' (receiver) one, and involves release of silver ions from a Janus PS/Ni/Au/Ag 'activator' motor to the 'activated' Janus SiO2/Pt nanomotor...
November 15, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141742/characterizing-the-last-latrine-nonowners-in-rural-malawi
#3
Jurgita Slekiene, Hans-Joachim Mosler
Open defecation is a public health problem worldwide. NGOs in developing countries use various approaches to increase latrine coverage, but for little-understood reasons, some of the population does not adopt latrine construction. The objective of our research was to uncover which of the factors predicting latrine construction are relevant to the last nonowners of latrines, termed laggards in the diffusion of innovations theory. In a cross-sectional study, quantitative face-to-face interviews were conducted in households in rural Malawi (N = 824) to assess the behavioral determinants of latrine construction, mental health, and leadership...
October 23, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138416/plant-to-plant-communication-triggered-by-systemin-primes-anti-herbivore-resistance-in-tomato
#4
Mariangela Coppola, Pasquale Cascone, Valentina Madonna, Ilaria Di Lelio, Francesco Esposito, Concetta Avitabile, Alessandra Romanelli, Emilio Guerrieri, Alessia Vitiello, Francesco Pennacchio, Rosa Rao, Giandomenico Corrado
Plants actively respond to herbivory by inducing various defense mechanisms in both damaged (locally) and non-damaged tissues (systemically). In addition, it is currently widely accepted that plant-to-plant communication allows specific neighbors to be warned of likely incoming stress (defense priming). Systemin is a plant peptide hormone promoting the systemic response to herbivory in tomato. This 18-aa peptide is also able to induce the release of bioactive Volatile Organic Compounds, thus also promoting the interaction between the tomato and the third trophic level (e...
November 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138217/effectiveness-of-interprofessional-education-in-renal-physiology-curricula-for-health-sciences-graduate-students
#5
Lisa M Harrison-Bernard, Mihran V Naljayan, Jane M Eason, Donald E Mercante, Tina P Gunaldo
The primary purpose of conducting an interprofessional education (IPE) experience during the renal physiology block of a graduate-level course was to provide basic science, physical therapy, and physician assistant graduate students with an opportunity to work as a team in the diagnosis, treatment, and collaborative care of a patient with acute kidney injury. The secondary purpose was to enhance the understanding of basic renal physiology principles with a patient case presentation of renal pathophysiology...
December 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133435/coordinated-plasticity-of-synapses-and-astrocytes-underlies-practice-driven-functional-vicariation-in-peri-infarct-motor-cortex
#6
Soo Young Kim, J Edward Hsu, Lincoln C Husbands, Jeffrey A Kleim, Theresa A Jones
Motor rehabilitative training after stroke can improve motor function and promote topographical reorganization of remaining motor cortical movement representations, but this reorganization follows behavioral improvements. A more detailed understanding of the neural bases of rehabilitation efficacy is needed to inform therapeutic efforts to improve it. Using a rat model of upper extremity impairments after ischemic stroke, we examined effects of motor rehabilitative training at the ultrastructural level in peri-infarct motor cortex...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129725/changes-in-turn-alternation-pattern-in-response-to-substrate-borne-vibrations-in-terrestrial-isopods
#7
Sofia Cividini, Giuseppe Montesanto
The present study focuses on the relationship existing between the phenomenon of turn alternation and substrate-borne vibrations in woodlice. Armadillo officinalis was utilized as a behavioral model in comparison to Armadillidium vulgare so as to assess its capability of perceiving external vibrations too. A T-maze with multiple exits was used to collect information on the pattern of turn alternation in i) adult individuals of A. officinalis exposed, and ii) not exposed to micro-vibrations, and iii) adult individuals of A...
November 9, 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128567/haploinsufficiency-of-hnrnp-u-changes-activity-pattern-and-metabolic-rhythms
#8
Beibei Lai, Jianghuan Zou, Zhaoyu Lin, Zhipeng Qu, Anying Song, Ying Xu, Xiang Gao
The neuropeptides arginine vasopressin (Avp) and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (Vip) are critical for the communication and coupling of suprachiasmatic nucleus neurons, which organize daily rhythms of physiology and behavior in mammals. However, how these peptides are regulated remains uncharacterized. Here, we demonstrate that heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein U (hnRNP U) is essential for the expression of Avp and Vip. Loss of one copy of the Hnrnpu gene resulted in fragmented locomotor activities and disrupted metabolic rhythms...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128210/short-communication-the-effects-of-morning-compared-with-evening-feed-delivery-in-lactating-dairy-cows-during-the-summer
#9
M Niu, K J Harvatine
Delivering fresh feed in the evening is a management strategy sometimes used during periods of heat stress, but previous experiments have observed that night feeding increased feed intake during the 2 h after feeding and did not change intake during the overnight period. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of night feeding on daily rhythms of the dairy cow during the summer season. Twelve Holstein cows were used in a crossover design with 14-d periods. An automated system recorded the timing of feed intake over the last 7 d of each period...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126979/ropivacaine-and-bupivacaine-prevent-increased-pain-sensitivity-without-altering-neuroimmune-activation-following-repeated-social-defeat-stress
#10
Caroline M Sawicki, January K Kim, Michael D Weber, Brant L Jarrett, Jonathan P Godbout, John F Sheridan, Michelle Humeidan
Mounting evidence indicates that stress influences the experience of pain. Exposure to psychosocial stress disrupts bi-directional communication pathways between the central nervous system and peripheral immune system, and can exacerbate the frequency and severity of pain experienced by stressed subjects. Repeated social defeat (RSD) is a murine model of psychosocial stress that recapitulates the immune and behavioral responses to stress observed in humans, including activation of stress-reactive neurocircuitry and increased pro-inflammatory cytokine production...
November 7, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125394/knowledge-gained-and-retained-from-a-video-centered-community-based-intervention-for-ebola-prevention-congo
#11
Amira A Roess, Rosemarie Di Peppi, Eric A Kinzoni, Michaelle Molouania, Emily Kennedy, Saturnin R Ibata, Nkenda Badinga, Fredy S Mabola, Cynthia Moses
There are few effective communication interventions to respond to Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreaks, and their development is a continuing challenge. The largest outbreak of EVD was first recognized in 2014 and once again highlighted the need for health education communication campaigns. EVD emergence and transmission are associated with behaviors that increase exposure to infected individuals and infected wildlife. In 2008-2009, an educational video-centered intervention consisting of a film followed by a structured discussion was developed to improve EVD knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors (KABs) for prevention of EVD and care of infected people...
November 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120837/cancer-risk-reduction-in-the-us-affiliated-pacific-islands-utilizing-a-novel-policy-systems-and-environmental-pse-approach
#12
Mavis Nitta, Dioreme Navasca, Aileen Tareg, Neal A Palafox
BACKGROUND: The Health Directors of the US Affiliated Pacific Islands (USAPI) declared a State of Emergency due to epidemic proportions of lifestyle diseases: cancer, obesity and other non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in 2010. This paper describes the development, implementation, and evaluation of a USAPI policy, system and environment (PSE) approach to address lifestyle behaviors associated with cancer and other NCDs. METHODS: Each of USAPI jurisdictions applied the PSE approach to tobacco and nutrition interventions in a local institution, faith based, or community setting...
October 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116427/cart-neurons-in-the-lateral-hypothalamus-communicate-with-the-nucleus-accumbens-shell-via-glutamatergic-neurons-in-paraventricular-thalamic-nucleus-to-modulate-reward-behavior
#13
Amit G Choudhary, Amita R Somalwar, Sneha Sagarkar, Abhishek Rale, Amul Sakharkar, Nishikant K Subhedar, Dadasaheb M Kokare
Paraventricular thalamic nucleus (PVT) serves as a transit node processing food and drug-associated reward information, but its afferents and efferents have not been fully defined. We test the hypothesis that the CART neurons in the lateral hypothalamus (LH) project to the PVT neurons, which in turn communicate via the glutamatergic fibers with the nucleus accumbens shell (AcbSh), the canonical site for reward. Rats conditioned to self-stimulate via an electrode in the right LH-medial forebrain bundle were used...
November 7, 2017: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115992/role-of-mhealth-applications-for-improving-antenatal-and-postnatal-care-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#14
Anam Feroz, Shagufta Perveen, Wafa Aftab
BACKGROUND: From 1990 to 2015, the number of maternal deaths globally has dropped by 43%. Despite this, progress in attaining MDG 5 is not remarkable in LMICs. Only 52% of pregnant women in LMICs obtain WHO recommended minimum of four antenatal consultations and the coverage of postnatal care is relatively poor. In recent years, the increased cellphone penetration has brought the potential for mHealth to improve preventive maternal healthcare services. The objective of this review is to assess the effectiveness of mHealth solutions on a range of maternal health outcomes by categorizing the interventions according to the types of mHealth applications...
November 7, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112984/olfactory-signaling-of-aggressive-intent-in-male-male-contests-of-cave-crickets-troglophilus-neglectus-orthoptera-rhaphidophoridae
#15
Nataša Stritih, Alenka Žunič Kosi
In animal contests, communicating aggressive motivation is most often mediated by visual or acoustic signals, while chemical signals are not expected to serve such a function since they are less able to be modulated by the sender during the changing behavioral context. We describe a rare example of ephemeral olfactory signals in terrestrial animals, signals that are emitted via protrusive scent glands in male cave crickets Troglophilus neglectus (Orthoptera, Rhaphidophoridae) to reflect the state of the signaler's aggression...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111310/everyday-couples-communication-research-overcoming-methodological-barriers-with-technology
#16
Maija Reblin, Richard E Heyman, Lee Ellington, Brian R W Baucom, Panayiotis G Georgiou, Susan T Vadaparampil
Relationship behaviors contribute to compromised health or resilience. Everyday communication between intimate partners represents the vast majority of their interactions. When intimate partners take on new roles as patients and caregivers, everyday communication takes on a new and important role in managing both the transition and the adaptation to the change in health status. However, everyday communication and its relation to health has been little studied, likely due to barriers in collecting and processing this kind of data...
October 26, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107526/nurse-handoff-communication
#17
REVIEW
Anne Ray Streeter, Nancy Grant Harrington
OBJECTIVE: To describe the communication behaviors identified by nurses as key to a competent patient handoff at change of shift. DATA SOURCES: Qualitative analysis of nurse descriptions of best and worst handoffs from the incoming and outgoing nursing perspective. CONCLUSION: Competent, quality nursing handoffs include specific information exchange and socioemotional (relational) communication behaviors. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING PRACTICE: A communication-based perspective may be useful in establishing handoff routines that reduce communication-related patient care errors and foster a positive nursing environment...
October 26, 2017: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102803/aggregating-polarizing-networking-the-evolution-of-cell-adhesion-codes
#18
REVIEW
Marcella Faria
Adhesion is a central mechanism in the development of multicellular life. It underlies cell movement, communication and differentiation. Remarkably, the presence of only three classes of interconnected molecules is sufficient to establish functional adhesive interactions between cells: Extracellular Matrix components (ECMs); Cell Adhesion Molecules (CAMs); and cytoskeleton microfilaments. In the present work, we shall dissect the nature and the dynamical interactions between these three classes of molecules as they appear in evolution, to postulate that their organization into an organic code sensu Barbieri(1) parallels the development of multicellularity...
November 1, 2017: Bio Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101091/recruiting-women-to-a-mobile-health-smoking-cessation-trial-low-and-no-cost-strategies
#19
Kristopher J Abbate, Melanie D Hingle, Julie Armin, Peter Giacobbi, Judith S Gordon
BACKGROUND: Successful recruitment of participants to mobile health (mHealth) studies presents unique challenges over in-person studies. It is important to identify recruitment strategies that maximize the limited recruitment resources available to researchers. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe a case study of a unique recruitment process used in a recent mHealth software app designed to increase smoking cessation among weight-concerned women smokers...
November 3, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100628/developmental-changes-within-the-genetic-architecture-of-social-communication-behavior-a-multivariate-study-of-genetic-variance-in-unrelated-individuals
#20
Beate St Pourcain, Lindon J Eaves, Susan M Ring, Simon E Fisher, Sarah Medland, David M Evans, George Davey Smith
BACKGROUND: Recent analyses of trait-disorder overlap suggest that psychiatric dimensions may relate to distinct sets of genes that exert maximum influence during different periods of development. This includes analyses of social communication difficulties that share, depending on their developmental stage, stronger genetic links with either autism spectrum disorder or schizophrenia. We developed a multivariate analysis framework in unrelated individuals to model directly the developmental profile of genetic influences contributing to complex traits, such as social communication difficulties, during an approximately 10-year period spanning childhood and adolescence...
September 28, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
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