keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Behavior change communication

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428160/simulated-conversations-with-virtual-humans-to-improve-patient-provider-communication-and-reduce-unnecessary-prescriptions-for-antibiotics-a-repeated-measure-pilot-study
#1
Antoinette Schoenthaler, Glenn Albright, Judith Hibbard, Ron Goldman
BACKGROUND: Despite clear evidence that antibiotics do not cure viral infections, the problem of unnecessary prescribing of antibiotics in ambulatory care persists, and in some cases, prescribing patterns have increased. The overuse of antibiotics for treating viral infections has created numerous economic and clinical consequences including increased medical costs due to unnecessary hospitalizations, antibiotic resistance, disruption of gut bacteria, and obesity. Recent research has underscored the importance of collaborative patient-provider communication as a means to reduce the high rates of unnecessary prescriptions for antibiotics...
April 19, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426520/nursing-practice-research-and-education-in-the-west-the-best-is-yet-to-come
#2
Heather M Young, Susan Bakewell-Sachs, Linda Sarna
PURPOSE: This paper celebrates the 60th anniversary of the Western Institute of Nursing, the nursing organization representing 13 states in the Western United States, and envisions a preferred future for nursing practice, research, and education. BACKGROUND: Three landmark calls to action contribute to transforming nursing and healthcare: the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010; the Institute of Medicine report Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health; and the report Advancing Healthcare Transformation: A New Era for Academic Nursing...
April 20, 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425890/biomedical-simulation-evolution-concepts-challenges-and-future-trends
#3
Carla Sá-Couto, Luís Patrão, Francisco Maio-Matos, José Miguel Pêgo
Biomedical simulation is an effective educational complement for healthcare training, both at undergraduate and postgraduate level. It enables knowledge, skills and attitudes to be acquired in a safe, educationally orientated and efficient manner. In this context, simulation provides skills and experience that facilitate the transfer of cognitive, psychomotor and proper communication competences, thus changing behavior and attitudes, and ultimately improving patient safety. Beyond the impact on individual and team performance, simulation provides an opportunity to study organizational failures and improve system performance...
December 30, 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420600/increasing-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-through-a-healthy-eating-blog-a-feasibility-study
#4
Marie-Eve Caplette, Véronique Provencher, Véronique Bissonnette-Maheux, Marilyn Dugrenier, Annie Lapointe, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Sharon Straus, Sophie Desroches
BACKGROUND: Despite efforts made by public health organizations to improve consumption of fruits and vegetables, populations in developed countries usually eat less than the minimum recommended. Social media, such as blogs, represent a unique opportunity for improving knowledge translation in health care because they facilitate interactive communication between the public and health professionals. However, no studies have yet evaluated the effect of blogs to promote dietary behavior changes...
April 18, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417950/differential-gender-effects-in-the-relationship-between-perceived-immune-functioning-and-autistic-traits
#5
Marlou Mackus, Deborah de Kruijff, Leila S Otten, Aletta D Kraneveld, Johan Garssen, Joris C Verster
Altered immune functioning has been demonstrated in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The current study explores the relationship between perceived immune functioning and experiencing ASD traits in healthy young adults. N = 410 students from Utrecht University completed a survey on immune functioning and autistic traits. In addition to a 1-item perceived immune functioning rating, the Immune Function Questionnaire (IFQ) was completed to assess perceived immune functioning. The Dutch translation of the Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ) was completed to examine variation in autistic traits, including the domains "social insights and behavior", "difficulties with change", "communication", "phantasy and imagination", and "detail orientation"...
April 12, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417440/developmental-neurotoxicity-of-traffic-related-air-pollution-focus-on-autism
#6
REVIEW
Lucio G Costa, Yu-Chi Chang, Toby B Cole
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Epidemiological and animal studies suggest that air pollution may negatively affect the central nervous system (CNS) and contribute to CNS diseases. Traffic-related air pollution is a major contributor to global air pollution, and diesel exhaust (DE) is its most important component. RECENT FINDINGS: Several studies suggest that young individuals may be particularly susceptible to air pollution-induced neurotoxicity and that perinatal exposure may cause or contribute to developmental disabilities and behavioral abnormalities...
April 17, 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413842/-i-do-not-have-time-is-there-a-handout-i-can-use-combining-physicians-needs-and-behavior-change-theory-to-put-physical-activity-evidence-into-practice
#7
R E Clark, C McArthur, A Papaioannou, A M Cheung, J Laprade, L Lee, R Jain, L M Giangregorio
Guidelines for physical activity exist and following them would improve health. Physicians can advise patients on physical activity. We found barriers related to physicians' knowledge, a lack of tools and of physician incentives, and competing demands for limited time with a patient. We discuss interventions that could reduce these barriers. INTRODUCTION: Uptake of physical activity (PA) guidelines would improve health and reduce mortality in older adults. However, physicians face barriers in guideline implementation, particularly when faced with needing to tailor recommendations in the presence of chronic disease...
April 17, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413237/in-space-and-time-territorial-animals-are-attracted-to-conspecific-chemical-cues
#8
Stephanie M Campos, Chloe Strauss, Emília P Martins
Territorial animals lay scent marks around their territories to broadcast their presence, but these olfactory signals can both attract and repel con-specifics. Attraction or aversion can have a profound impact in terms of space use and thereby influence an individual's access to resources and mates. Here, we test the impact of chemical signals on the long-term space use and activity of receivers, comparing the response of males and females, territory holders, and temporary visitors in Sceloporus undulatus lizards in the field...
February 2017: Ethology: Formerly Zeitschrift Für Tierpsychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410820/-optimizing-post-operative-pain-management-in-latin-america
#9
João Batista Santos Garcia, Patricia Bonilla, Durval Campos Kraychette, Fernando Cantú Flores, Elizabeth Diaz Perez de Valtolina, Carlos Guerrero
Post-operative pain management is a significant problem in clinical practice in Latin America. Insufficient or inappropriate pain management is in large part due to insufficient knowledge, attitudes and education, and poor communications at various levels. In addition, the lack of awareness of the availability and importance of clear policies and guidelines for recording pain intensity, the use of specific analgesics and the proper approach to patient education have led to the consistent under-treatment of pain management in the region...
April 11, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408872/social-interaction-affects-neural-outcomes-of-sign-language-learning-as-a-foreign-language-in-adults
#10
Noriaki Yusa, Jungho Kim, Masatoshi Koizumi, Motoaki Sugiura, Ryuta Kawashima
Children naturally acquire a language in social contexts where they interact with their caregivers. Indeed, research shows that social interaction facilitates lexical and phonological development at the early stages of child language acquisition. It is not clear, however, whether the relationship between social interaction and learning applies to adult second language acquisition of syntactic rules. Does learning second language syntactic rules through social interactions with a native speaker or without such interactions impact behavior and the brain? The current study aims to answer this question...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407003/assessment-of-the-implementation-of-community-led-total-sanitation-hygiene-and-associated-factors-in-diretiyara-district-eastern-ethiopia
#11
Roba Argaw Tessema
Based on the sustainable development goals, the United Nations plans to achieve equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and to end open defecation by 2030. In Ethiopia, 60% to 80% of health problems are due to communicable diseases attributable to unsafe water supply, unhygienic and unsanitary waste management, which are directly linked to the practice of open defecation. This study has aimed at assessing the implementation of community-led total sanitation and hygiene (CLTSH) and associated factors. A community-based cross-sectional study design involving 420 of the 7,225 households found in Diretiyara district was conducted in June 2014...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406654/communication-moderates-effects-of-residential-mobility-on-relationship-quality-among-ethnically-diverse-couples
#12
Teresa P Nguyen, Hannah C Williamson, Benjamin R Karney, Thomas N Bradbury
Although interpersonal communication is a defining feature of committed relationships, the quality of couple communication has not proven to be a straightforward cause of relationship quality. At the same time, emerging models argue that external circumstances likely combine with communication to generate changes in relationship quality. We integrate these 2 ideas by proposing that communication does exert effects on changes in relationship quality, but primarily when couples encounter challenging situations that require an adaptive response...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406387/development-and-validation-of-the-transgender-inclusive-behavior-scale-tibs
#13
Shanna K Kattari, Ashley A O'Connor, Leonardo Kattari
Transgender inclusive behaviors are actions and communication supporting transgender individuals. Examples include using language not reinforcing the gender binary, asking for/using correct pronouns, creation of spaces that welcome members of the transgender community, and acknowledging cisgender (non-transgender) privilege. A survey was developed measuring this behavior in individuals, in order to examine the impact of transgender inclusive behavior and the potential effect of interventions on promoting inclusive behavior...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399833/a-comparison-of-dalys-for-periodontal-disease-in-china-between-1990-and-2013-insights-from-the-2013-global-burden-of-disease-study
#14
Qi Zhang, Zhixin Li, Chunxiao Wang, Yunning Liu, Yang Yang, Scottie Bussell, Maigeng Zhou, Linhong Wang
BACKGROUND: China has undergone a rapid demographic and epidemiological transition with fast ecomonic development since the 1980s. Oral health is becoming a major public health problem as the prevalence of non-communicable diseases has greatly increased. Periodontal disease (PD) and caries are among the most prevalent oral diseases. PD accounts for the majority of tooth loss and increases with age. China's third national epidemiological investigation on oral diseases (2005) revealed that periodontitis affected >50% of the adult population...
April 11, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399062/listening-effort-through-depth-of-processing-in-school-age-children
#15
Benson Cheng-Lin Hsu, Filiep Vanpoucke, Astrid van Wieringen
OBJECTIVES: A reliable and practical measure of listening effort is crucial in the aural rehabilitation of children with communication disorders. In this article, we propose a novel behavioral paradigm designed to measure listening effort in school-age children based on different depths and levels of verbal processing. The paradigm consists of a classic word recognition task performed in quiet and in noise coupled to one of three additional tasks asking the children to judge the color of simple pictures or a certain semantic category of the presented words...
April 10, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398967/current-trends-in-exercise-intervention-research-technology-and-behavioral-change-strategies-for-people-with-disabilities-a-scoping-review
#16
Byron Lai, Hui-Ju Young, C Scott Bickel, Robert W Motl, James H Rimmer
This review synthesized physical activity and exercise intervention literature for the past 10 yrs for people with physical and cognitive disabilities including intervention characteristics, behavior change strategies, and types of technologies used to improve targeted outcomes. Systematic searches yielded 132 eligible studies. The major disability groups were multiple sclerosis (41%), stroke (15%), and spinal cord injury (12%). Research designs primarily involved randomized controlled trials (61%) versus quasi-experimental designs (39%)...
April 8, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393761/enhancing-clinical-communication-assessments-using-an-audiovisual-bci-for-patients-with-disorders-of-consciousness
#17
Fei Wang, Yanbin He, Jun Qu, Qiuyou Xie, Qing Lin, Xiaoxiao Ni, Yan Chen, Steven Laureys, Ronghao Yu, Yuanqing Li
OBJECTIVE: The JFK Coma Recovery Scale-Revised (JFK CRS-R), a behavioral observation scale, is widely used in the clinical diagnosis/assessment of patients with disorders of consciousness (DOC). However, the JFK CRS-R is associated with a high rate of misdiagnosis (approximately 40%) because DOC patients cannot provide sufficient behavioral responses. A brain-computer interface (BCI) that detects command/intention-specific changes in electroencephalography (EEG) signals without the need for behavioral expression may provide an alternative method...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393551/imitation-based-aphasia-therapy-increases-narrative-content-a-case-series
#18
E Susan Duncan, Steven L Small
OBJECTIVE: To test the generalization of an intensive imitation-based aphasia therapy to an unrelated narrative production task. DESIGN: ABA design study (A= no treatment; B= treatment) comparing imitation therapy to a baseline condition (pre-therapy). Participants produced narratives at two pre-therapy and two post-therapy time points. Narratives were analyzed for correct information units to determine the number and percent of communicative words produced. SETTING: A rehabilitation clinic and participants' homes...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393077/improving-health-and-reducing-comorbidity-associated-with-hiv-the-development-of-tavie-en-sant%C3%A3-a-web-based-tailored-intervention-to-support-the-adoption-of-health-promoting-behaviors-among-people-living-with-hiv
#19
José Côté, Sylvie Cossette, Pilar Ramirez-Garcia, Geneviève Rouleau, Patricia Auger, François Boudreau, Marie-Pierre Gagnon
Background. In the domain of health behavior change, the deployment and utilization of information and communications technologies as a way to deliver interventions appear to be promising. This article describes the development of a web-based tailored intervention, TAVIE en santé, to support people living with HIV in the adoption of healthy behaviors. Methods. This intervention was developed through an Intervention Mapping (IM) framework and is based on the theory of planned behavior. Results. Crucial steps of IM are the selection of key determinants of behavior and the selection of useful theory-based intervention methods to change the targeted determinants (active ingredients)...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392583/within-and-between-family-associations-of-marital-functioning-and-child-well-being
#20
Kayla Knopp, Galena K Rhoades, Elizabeth S Allen, Aleja Parsons, Lane L Ritchie, Howard J Markman, Scott M Stanley
This study clarifies within-family and between-family links between marital functioning and child wellbeing. Expanding on existing prospective research, this study tests whether changes in parents' marital functioning are associated with corresponding changes in their children's wellbeing, independent from associations that exist when comparing different families. Participants (N = 1033) were members of married, opposite-sex couples with children who participated in five waves of a larger study of marriage in the U...
April 2017: Journal of Marriage and the Family
keyword
keyword
93676
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"