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Behavior change communication

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327678/alcohol-consumption-during-pregnancy-and-postpartum-period-and-its-predictors-in-sindhupalchowk-district-nepal
#1
K K Aryal, N Thapa, S Mehata, P Thapa, A Alvik, B Stray-Pedersen
BACKGROUND: A substantial proportion of women in Nepal consume alcohol and homebrewed alcoholic beverages are the most common type of alcohol. Alcohol being a part of tradition and culture in Nepal and evidences suggesting even low to moderate dose of alcohol having impacts on the birth outcomes, we aimed at exploring the alcohol consumption pattern during pregnancy and postpartum period along with its predictors. METHODS: We studied all pregnant and recently delivered women using quantitative methods in selected wards within selected Village Development Committees of Sindhupalchowk district in Nepal after purposively choosing the district...
September 2016: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327154/the-effect-of-social-behavior-change-communication-package-on-maternal-knowledge-in-obstetric-danger-signs-among-mothers-in-east-mamprusi-district-of-ghana
#2
Mahama Saaka, Paul Aryee, Robert Kuganab-Lem, Mohammed Ali, Abdul Razak Masahudu
BACKGROUND: An understanding of maternal knowledge of the danger signs of obstetric and newborn complications is fundamental to attaining universal health coverage. In Northern Ghana, where maternal and newborn morbidity and mortality is high, little is known about the current knowledge level and associated determinants of these danger signs. This study assessed the effect of social behavior change communication (SBCC) package on knowledge of obstetric and newborn danger signs among mothers with children under 24 months of age...
March 21, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325711/investigating-the-perceptions-of-care-coordinators-on-using-behavior-theory-based-mobile-health-technology-with-medicaid-populations-a-grounded-theory-study
#3
Brittany Erika Sigler
BACKGROUND: Medicaid populations are less engaged in their health care than the rest of the population, translating to worse health outcomes and increased health care costs. Since theory-based mobile health (mHealth) interventions have been shown to increase patient engagement, mobile phones may be an optimal strategy to reach this population. With increased development of theory-based mHealth technology, these interventions must now be evaluated with these medically underserved populations in a real-world setting...
March 21, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323933/research-resource-transcriptional-dynamics-of-cultured-human-villous-cytotrophoblasts
#4
Joshua F Robinson, Mirhan Kapidzic, Matthew Gormley, Katherine Ona, Terrence Dent, Helia Seifikar, Emily G Hamilton, Susan J Fisher
During human pregnancy, cytotrophoblasts (CTBs) play key roles in uterine invasion, vascular remodeling, and anchoring of the feto-placental unit. Due to the challenges associated with studying human placentation in utero, cultured primary villous CTBs are used as a model of the differentiation pathway that leads to invasion of the uterine wall. In vitro, CTBs emulate in vivo cell behaviors, such as migration, aggregation and substrate penetration. While some of the molecular features related to these cell behaviors have been described, the underlying mechanisms, at a global level, remain undefined at mid-gestation...
March 8, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323282/an-autism-associated-serotonin-transporter-variant-disrupts-multisensory-processing
#5
J K Siemann, C L Muller, C G Forsberg, R D Blakely, J Veenstra-VanderWeele, M T Wallace
Altered sensory processing is observed in many children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), with growing evidence that these impairments extend to the integration of information across the different senses (that is, multisensory function). The serotonin system has an important role in sensory development and function, and alterations of serotonergic signaling have been suggested to have a role in ASD. A gain-of-function coding variant in the serotonin transporter (SERT) associates with sensory aversion in humans, and when expressed in mice produces traits associated with ASD, including disruptions in social and communicative function and repetitive behaviors...
March 21, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315898/modifiable-risk-factors-and-interventions-for-childhood-obesity-prevention-within-the-first-1-000-days
#6
Anne M Dattilo
Worldwide, the prevalence of childhood obesity has increased, amounting to 42 million overweight or obese children, and there is increasing evidence that the origins are within the first 1,000 days: the period of conception through 2 years. Antecedents of early childhood obesity are multifactorial, and associations of varying strength have been documented for genetic/epigenetic, biologic, dietary, environmental, social, and behavioral influences. Modifiable factors in pregnancy and early infancy associated with childhood obesity include maternal overweight/obesity, maternal smoking, gestational weight gain, infant and young child feeding, caregiver responsive feeding practices, as well as sleep duration, and physical activity...
2017: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315519/stimulus-background-influences-phase-invariant-coding-by-correlated-neural-activity
#7
Michael G Metzen, Maurice J Chacron
We recently reported that correlations between the activities of peripheral afferents mediate a phase invariant representation of natural communication stimuli that is refined across successive processing stages thereby leading to perception and behavior in the weakly electric fish Apteronotus leptorhynchus (Metzen et al., 2016). Here, we explore how phase invariant coding and perception of natural communication stimuli are affected by changes in the sinusoidal background over which they occur. We found that increasing background frequency led to phase locking, which decreased both detectability and phase invariant coding...
March 18, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301172/myrmica-rubra-ants-are-more-communicative-when-young-do-they-need-experience
#8
Natalia V Atsarkina, Sofia N Panteleeva, Zhanna I Reznikova
The role of experience in the development of communication in animals is a matter of special interest to many ethologists and psychologists. Ants are known to possess sophisticated and flexible communication systems based mainly on their antennal movements (Reznikova & Ryabko, 2011). However, it is still enigmatic whether young ants need stimulation performances by adults to develop their communication capacities. Experiments with pairwise interactions of Myrmica rubra ants revealed significant differences in individual behavior and the mode of communication in callow (newly emerged) and adult workers...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Comparative Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298896/spotmetrics-an-open-source-image-analysis-software-plugin-for-automatic-chromatophore-detection-and-measurement
#9
Stavros P Hadjisolomou, George El-Haddad
Coleoid cephalopods (squid, octopus, and sepia) are renowned for their elaborate body patterning capabilities, which are employed for camouflage or communication. The specific chromatic appearance of a cephalopod, at any given moment, is a direct result of the combined action of their intradermal pigmented chromatophore organs and reflecting cells. Therefore, a lot can be learned about the cephalopod coloration system by video recording and analyzing the activation of individual chromatophores in time. The fact that adult cephalopods have small chromatophores, up to several hundred thousand in number, makes measurement and analysis over several seconds a difficult task...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298209/implementation-of-evidence-informed-practice-through-central-network-actors-a-case-study-of-three-public-health-units-in-canada
#10
Reza Yousefi Nooraie, Alexandra Marin, Robert Hanneman, Lynne Lohfeld, Maureen Dobbins
BACKGROUND: Workforce development is an important aspect of evidence-informed decision making (EIDM) interventions. The social position of individuals in formal and informal social networks, and the relevance of formal roles in relation to EIDM are important factors identifying key EIDM players in public health organizations. We assessed the role of central actors in information sharing networks in promoting the adoption of EIDM by the staff of three public health units in Canada, over a two-year period during which an organization-wide intervention was implemented...
March 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294529/sexual-risk-behavior-sexually-transmitted-infections-and-hiv-transmission-risks-in-hiv-positive-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-approaches-for-medical-prevention
#11
Stefan Esser, Judith Krotzek, Henrike Dirks, Norbert Scherbaum, Dirk Schadendorf
BACKGROUND: Rising incidence rates of HIV and STIs (sexually transmitted infections) among MSM (men who have sex with men) in Germany since 2001 call for new approaches in medical prevention. The present study addresses appropriate parameters to identify those HIV-positive MSM who are at high risk for transmitting HIV and STIs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Over a two-year period, 223 HIV-positive MSM attending the HIV outpatient clinic at the University Medical Center Essen (Germany) were systematically surveyed with respect to their sexual behavior, substance abuse, and psychological well-being in the preceding year...
March 15, 2017: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293620/mobile-phone-use-among-female-entertainment-workers-in-cambodia-an-observation-study
#12
Carinne Brody, Brent Tatomir, Tuot Sovannary, Khuondyla Pal, Song Mengsrun, Jennifer Dionosio, Minh-Anh Luong, Siyan Yi
BACKGROUND: Text or voice messages containing health behavior change content may be an inexpensive, discreet, sustainable and scalable way to reach populations at high risk for HIV. In Cambodia, one of the important high-risk populations is female entertainment workers (FEWs). This ethnographic study aims to explore typical phone use, examining patterns and behaviors that may influence the design of future mHealth interventions. METHODS: The study consisted of one 8-hour non-participant observation session for 15 randomly sampled FEWs...
2017: MHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292739/website-use-and-effects-of-online-information-about-tobacco-additives-among-the-dutch-general-population-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Dominique A Reinwand, Rik Crutzen, Anne S Kienhuis, Reinskje Talhout, Hein de Vries
BACKGROUND: As a legal obligation, the Dutch government publishes online information about tobacco additives to make sure that it is publicly available. Little is known about the influence this website ("tabakinfo") has on visitors and how the website is evaluated by them. OBJECTIVE: This study assesses how visitors use the website and its effect on their knowledge, risk perception, attitude, and smoking behavior. The study will also assess how the website is evaluated by visitors using a sample of the Dutch general population, including smokers and nonsmokers...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284019/perspectives-on-hypertension-in-the-new-england-cape-verdean-community
#14
Samantha DeAndrade, Fadya El Rayess, Roberta Goldman
This study characterizes patient understanding of hypertension and its management in a Cape Verdean immigrant community. We conducted 20 semi-structured interviews with Cape Verdean Creole-speaking adults about their beliefs and behaviors regarding hypertension. Fourteen women and six men ages 35-87 were interviewed. The majority of the participants believed hypertension is symptomatic, with headache being the most common symptom. Many reported taking anti-hypertensive medication, though some took medication only when they felt symptoms...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282852/developmental-origins-of-health-and-disease-a-lifecourse-approach-to-the-prevention-of-non-communicable-diseases
#15
REVIEW
Janis Baird, Chandni Jacob, Mary Barker, Caroline H D Fall, Mark Hanson, Nicholas C Harvey, Hazel M Inskip, Kalyanaraman Kumaran, Cyrus Cooper
Non-communicable diseases (NCDs), such as cardiovascular disease and osteoporosis, affect individuals in all countries worldwide. Given the very high worldwide prevalence of NCDs across a range of human pathology, it is clear that traditional approaches targeting those at most risk in older adulthood will not efficiently ameliorate this growing burden. It will thus be essential to robustly identify determinants of NCDs across the entire lifecourse and, subsequently, appropriate interventions at every stage to reduce an individual's risk of developing these conditions...
March 8, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280311/does-information-form-matter-when-giving-tailored-risk-information-to-patients-in-clinical-settings-a-review-of-patients-preferences-and-responses
#16
Rebecca Harris, Claire Noble, Victoria Lowers
Neoliberal emphasis on "responsibility" has colonized many aspects of public life, including how health care is provided. Clinical risk assessment of patients based on a range of data concerned with lifestyle, behavior, and health status has assumed a growing importance in many health systems. It is a mechanism whereby responsibility for self (preventive) care can be shifted to patients, provided that risk assessment data is communicated to patients in a way which is engaging and motivates change. This study aimed to look at whether the form in which tailored risk information was presented in a clinical setting (for example, using photographs, online data, diagrams etc...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280306/motivation-to-quit-smoking-and-acceptability-of-shocking-warnings-on-cigarette-packages-in-lebanon
#17
Nelly Layoun, Pascal Salameh, Mirna Waked, Z Aoun Bacha, Rony M Zeenny, Eric El Hitti, Isabelle Godin, Michèle Dramaix
INTRODUCTION: Health warnings on tobacco packages have been considered an essential pillar in filling the gap of knowledge and communicating the health risks of tobacco use to consumers. Our primary objective was to report the perception of smokers on the textual health warnings already appearing on tobacco packages in Lebanon versus shocking pictures about the health-related smoking consequences and to evaluate their impact on smoking behaviors and motivation. METHODS: A pilot cross-sectional study was undertaken between 2013 and 2015 in five hospitals in Lebanon...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278605/patient-centeredness-as-physician-behavioral-adaptability-to-patient-preferences
#18
Valérie Carrard, Marianne Schmid Mast, Nicole Jaunin-Stalder, Noëlle Junod Perron, Johanna Sommer
A physician who communicates in a patient-centered way is a physician who adapts his or her communication style to what each patient needs. In order to do so, the physician has to (1) accurately assess each patient's states and traits (interpersonal accuracy) and (2) possess a behavioral repertoire to choose from in order to actually adapt his or her behavior to different patients (behavioral adaptability). Physician behavioral adaptability describes the change in verbal or nonverbal behavior a physician shows when interacting with patients who have different preferences in terms of how the physician should interact with them...
March 3, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278003/participant-experiences-and-perceptions-of-physical-activity-enhancing-interventions-for-people-with-physical-impairments-and-mobility-limitations-a-meta-synthesis-of-qualitative-research-evidence
#19
Toni L Williams, Jasmin K Ma, Kathleen A Martin Ginis
Disabled people face multiple personal, environmental and social barriers that interfere with leading a physically active lifestyle. Thus, there is an urgent need for behaviour change interventions to increase physical activity (PA) by specifically addressing the situations of disabled people, and barriers to participation. This original meta-synthesis of qualitative research was undertaken to explore participants' experiences and perceptions of PA-enhancing interventions for adults with physical impairments resulting in mobility limitations...
March 13, 2017: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277553/the-impact-of-dynamic-seating-on-classroom-behavior-of-students-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Nader Matin Sadr, Hojjat Allah Haghgoo, Sayyed Ali Samadi, Mehdi Rassafiani, Enayatollah Bakhshi, Hossein Hassanabadi
OBJECTIVE: Children with autism have sitting and on-task behavior problems in class. In this study, the effect of three alternative classroom-seating devices such as regular classroom chairs, therapy balls, and air cushions were examined on students' classroom behavior. MATERIALS & METHODS: 15 students with autism participated in this A1-B-A2-C multiple treatments study from Mashhad's Tabasom School, Mashhad, Iran in 2014. Students' behaviors were video recorded in three phases: sitting on their common chairs during phase A, air-sit cushioned in phase B, and ball chairs in phase C...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
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