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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527798/short-communication-effect-of-a-citrus-extract-in-lactating-dairy-cows
#1
Y Ying, M Niu, A R Clarke, K J Harvatine
Dry matter intake is a main driver of energy balance in lactating dairy cows, and some plant extracts have been commercially fed to dairy cows to stimulate feed intake. Citrus extracts contain several bioactive components and have been shown to modify metabolism in other animal models. Our hypothesis was that a citrus extract would increase dry matter intake. Two experiments were conducted to determine the effect of a citrus extract on intake and milk production in lactating dairy cows. In experiment one, 11 early-lactation dairy cows (experiment 1; 77 ± 15 d in milk, mean ± standard deviation) were used in a switchback design, and in experiment two, 15 mid-lactation Holstein cows (experiment 2; 157 ± 44 d in milk, mean ± standard deviation) were used in a crossover design...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522894/interventional-audiology-to-address-hearing-health-care-disparities-oyendo-bien-pilot-study
#2
REVIEW
Nicole Marrone, Maia Ingram, Maria Somoza, Daisey Sánchez Jacob, Adriana Sanchez, Stephanie Adamovich, Frances P Harris
Interventional audiology, specifically community-based outreach, can connect people with the hearing health care system. Community-based participatory research methods were applied in two phases of research to: (1) investigate the needs of families affected by hearing loss in a rural Arizona community on the U.S.-Mexico border; and (2) evaluate an outreach program on hearing health. The needs assessment included interviews with persons with hearing loss and focus groups with family members and the greater community...
May 2017: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518074/eliciting-and-analyzing-male-mouse-ultrasonic-vocalization-usv-songs
#3
Jonathan Chabout, Joshua Jones-Macopson, Erich D Jarvis
Mice produce ultrasonic vocalizations (USVs) in a variety of social contexts throughout development and adulthood. These USVs are used for mother-pup retrieval(1), juvenile interactions(2), opposite and same sex interactions(3)(,)(4)(,)(5), and territorial interactions(6). For decades, the USVs have been used by investigators as proxies to study neuropsychiatric and developmental or behavioral disorders(7)(,)(8)(,)(9), and more recently to understand mechanisms and evolution of vocal communication among vertebrates(10)...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509583/the-influence-of-attachment-styles-on-sexual-communication-behavior
#4
Julia McNeil, Uzma S Rehman, Erin Fallis
Attachment theory is one of the major theoretical frameworks for understanding romantic relationships. Attachment styles are formed through interactions with caregivers and shape an individual's expectations of subsequent interpersonal relationships. In this study, we examined how attachment styles influence participants' ability to communicate with their partners about problems in their sexual relationship. A community sample of 81 couples engaged in two video-recorded discussions, one representing an aspect of the couple's sexual relationship where the male partner wanted change and the second representing an aspect of the sexual relationship where the female partner wanted change...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505180/empathic-nonverbal-behavior-increases-ratings-of-both-warmth-and-competence-in-a-medical-context
#5
Gordon T Kraft-Todd, Diego A Reinero, John M Kelley, Andrea S Heberlein, Lee Baer, Helen Riess
In medicine, it is critical that clinicians demonstrate both empathy (perceived as warmth) and competence. Perceptions of these qualities are often intuitive and are based on nonverbal behavior. Emphasizing both warmth and competence may prove problematic, however, because there is evidence that they are inversely related in other settings. We hypothesize that perceptions of physician competence will instead be positively correlated with perceptions of physician warmth and empathy, potentially due to changing conceptions of the physician's role...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503675/costs-of-a-staff-communication-intervention-to-reduce-dementia-behaviors-in-nursing-home-care
#6
Kristine N Williams, Padmaja Ayyagari, Yelena Perkhounkova, Marjorie J Bott, Ruth Herman, Ann Bossen
CONTEXT: Persons with Alzheimer's disease and other dementias experience behavioral symptoms that frequently result in nursing home (NH) placement. Managing behavioral symptoms in the NH increases staff time required to complete care, and adds to staff stress and turnover, with estimated cost increases of 30%. The Changing Talk to Reduce Resistivenes to Dementia Care (CHAT) study found that an intervention that improved staff communication by reducing elderspeak led to reduced behavioral symptoms of dementia or resistiveness to care (RTC)...
2017: Journal of Nursing Home Research Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500650/aberrant-cognitive-phenotypes-and-altered-hippocampal-bdnf-expression-related-to-epigenetic-modifications-in-mice-lacking-the-post-synaptic-scaffolding-protein-shank1-implications-for-autism-spectrum-disorder
#7
A Özge Sungur, Magdalena C E Jochner, Hani Harb, Ayşe Kılıç, Holger Garn, Rainer K W Schwarting, Markus Wöhr
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a class of neurodevelopmental disorders characterized by persistent deficits in social communication/interaction, together with restricted/repetitive patterns of behavior. ASD is among the most heritable neuropsychiatric conditions, and while available evidence points to a complex set of genetic factors, the SHANK gene family has emerged as one of the most promising candidates. Here, we assessed ASD-related phenotypes with particular emphasis on social behavior and cognition in Shank1 mouse mutants in comparison to heterozygous and wildtype littermate controls across development in both sexes...
May 12, 2017: Hippocampus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498705/incoherence-mediated-remote-synchronization
#8
Liyue Zhang, Adilson E Motter, Takashi Nishikawa
In previously identified forms of remote synchronization between two nodes, the intermediate portion of the network connecting the two nodes is not synchronized with them but generally exhibits some coherent dynamics. Here we report on a network phenomenon we call incoherence-mediated remote synchronization (IMRS), in which two noncontiguous parts of the network are identically synchronized while the dynamics of the intermediate part is statistically and information-theoretically incoherent. We identify mirror symmetry in the network structure as a mechanism allowing for such behavior, and show that IMRS is robust against dynamical noise as well as against parameter changes...
April 28, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498053/autism-behavior-inventory-a-novel-tool-for-assessing-core-and-associated-symptoms-of-autism-spectrum-disorder
#9
Abi Bangerter, Seth Ness, Michael G Aman, Anna J Esbensen, Matthew S Goodwin, Geraldine Dawson, Robert Hendren, Bennett Leventhal, Anzalee Khan, Mark Opler, Adrianne Harris, Gahan Pandina
OBJECTIVE: Autism Behavior Inventory (ABI) is a new measure for assessing changes in core and associated symptoms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in participants (ages: 3 years-adulthood) diagnosed with ASD. It is a web-based tool with five domains (two ASD core domains: social communication, restrictive and repetitive behaviors; three associated domains: mental health, self-regulation, and challenging behavior). This study describes design, development, and initial psychometric properties of the ABI...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497058/impact-of-an-intensive-perinatal-handwashing-promotion-intervention-on-maternal-handwashing-behavior-in-the-neonatal-period-findings-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-rural-bangladesh
#10
Pavani Kalluri Ram, Sharifa Nasreen, Kelly Kamm, Jelena Allen, Swapna Kumar, Mohammad Anisur Rahman, K Zaman, Shams El Arifeen, Stephen P Luby
One-quarter of neonatal deaths are attributed to infections. Maternal handwashing with soap may prevent neonatal sepsis. We examined impact of intensive handwashing promotion on handwashing behavior of mothers of neonates. In Matlab, Bangladesh, we randomly allocated pregnant women at 28-32 weeks' gestation to intensive handwashing promotion or control. Behavior change communicators used a participatory approach to motivate maternal handwashing with soap and provided soap and handwashing stations. In the neonatal period, we observed soap and water at handwashing places and, at the end of the neonatal period, we estimated impact on maternal handwashing by structured observation...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493115/cardiovascular-disease-cancer-risk-among-south-asians-impact-of-sociocultural-influences-on-lifestyle-and-behavior
#11
Namratha Kandula, Munerah Ahmed, Sunita Dodani, Leena Gupta, Paromita Hore, Alka Kanaya, Aijaz Khowaja, Ashish Mathur, Darshan Mehta, Ranjita Misra, Muhammad Paracha, Nazleen Bharmal, Mira Aghhi, Jennifer Leng, Francesca Gany
A comprehensive literature review revealed cultural beliefs, societal obligations, and gender roles within the South Asian community to be indirect contributors to the health of South Asian immigrants (SAIs). Health professionals need to increase their work with SAI communities to change less beneficial cultural elements such as misconceptions about health and exercise, and lack of communication when using alternative medicines. Community engaged efforts and continuing medical education are both needed to improve the health of the South Asian immigrant population in a culturally appropriate manner...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486934/progression-of-the-epidemiological-transition-in-a-rural-south-african-setting-findings-from-population-surveillance-in-agincourt-1993-2013
#12
Chodziwadziwa W Kabudula, Brian Houle, Mark A Collinson, Kathleen Kahn, Francesc Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Samuel J Clark, Stephen Tollman
BACKGROUND: Virtually all low- and middle-income countries are undergoing an epidemiological transition whose progression is more varied than experienced in high-income countries. Observed changes in mortality and disease patterns reveal that the transition in most low- and middle-income countries is characterized by reversals, partial changes and the simultaneous occurrence of different types of diseases of varying magnitude. Localized characterization of this shifting burden, frequently lacking, is essential to guide decentralised health and social systems on the effective targeting of limited resources...
May 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486054/beyond-the-page-a-process-review-of-using-ethnodrama-to-disseminate-research-findings
#13
Jamilah Taylor, Emily Namey, Annette Carrington Johnson, Greg Guest
Public health researchers are charged with communicating study findings to appropriate audiences. Dissemination activities typically target the academic research community. However, as participatory research grows, researchers are increasingly exploring innovative dissemination techniques to reach broader audiences, particularly research participants and their communities. One technique is ethnodrama/ethnotheatre, a written or live performance based on study findings. Though used effectively in social change programs, dramas are seldom used to distribute research findings exclusively...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485146/effects-of-growth-surface-topography-on-bacterial-signaling-in-coculture-biofilms
#14
Arunima Bhattacharjee, Mughees Khan, Maya Kleiman, Allon I Hochbaum
Bacteria form interface-associated communities, called biofilms, often comprising multiple species. Biofilms can be detrimental or beneficial in medical, industrial, and technological settings, and their stability and function are determined by interspecies communication via specific chemical signaling or metabolite exchange. The deterministic control of biofilm development, behavior, and properties remains an unmet challenge limiting our ability to inhibit formation of detrimental biofilms in biomedical settings and promote the growth of beneficial biofilms in biotechnology applications...
May 9, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484045/quorum-sensing-gene-regulation-by-luxr-hapr-master-regulators-in-vibrios
#15
Alyssa S Ball, Ryan R Chaparian, Julia C van Kessel
Coordination of group behaviors in bacteria is accomplished via the cell-cell signaling process called quorum sensing. Vibrios have historically been models for studying bacterial communication due to the diverse and remarkable behaviors controlled by quorum sensing in these bacteria, including bioluminescence, type III and type VI secretion, biofilm formation, and motility. Here, we discuss the Vibrio LuxR/HapR family of proteins, the master global transcription factors that direct downstream gene expression in response to changes in cell density...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Bacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484007/body-sway-reflects-leadership-in-joint-music-performance
#16
Andrew Chang, Steven R Livingstone, Dan J Bosnyak, Laurel J Trainor
The cultural and technological achievements of the human species depend on complex social interactions. Nonverbal interpersonal coordination, or joint action, is a crucial element of social interaction, but the dynamics of nonverbal information flow among people are not well understood. We used joint music making in string quartets, a complex, naturalistic nonverbal behavior, as a model system. Using motion capture, we recorded body sway simultaneously in four musicians, which reflected real-time interpersonal information sharing...
May 8, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483743/the-virtual-care-climate-questionnaire-development-and-validation-of-a-questionnaire-measuring-perceived-support-for-autonomy-in-a-virtual-care-setting
#17
Eline Suzanne Smit, Alexandra Lelia Dima, Stephanie Annette Maria Immerzeel, Bas van den Putte, Geoffrey Colin Williams
BACKGROUND: Web-based health behavior change interventions may be more effective if they offer autonomy-supportive communication facilitating the internalization of motivation for health behavior change. Yet, at this moment no validated tools exist to assess user-perceived autonomy-support of such interventions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop and validate the virtual climate care questionnaire (VCCQ), a measure of perceived autonomy-support in a virtual care setting...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479882/community-made-mobile-videos-as-a-mechanism-for-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-education-in-rural-uganda-a-qualitative-evaluation
#18
Juliet Ntuulo Mutanda, Peter Waiswa, Sarah Namutamba
INTRODUCTION: In Uganda, the maternal, newborn and child mortality is highest in rural areas, which are least served by health services and are also least reached by effective behavior change communication for health. Though maternal and child health related messages are available, they are still not culture and context specific for effective behaviour change. AIM: This study aimed at evaluating the feasibility of using locally made videos by local community groups in local languages as a channel for increasing knowledge, practices, demand and use of maternal and child health messages among women living in rural communities in Eastern Uganda...
December 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479554/temporal-trends-of-psychosociobehavioral-factors-underlying-tobacco-use-a-semi-automated-exploratory-analysis-of-peer-to-peer-communication-in-a-health-related-online-community
#19
Vishnupriya Sridharan, Trevor Cohen, Nathan Cobb, Sahiti Myneni
Online communities have been an integral part of tobacco cessation programs. They are rich in content, and offer insights into factors affecting an individual's behavior change efforts. We used word representation techniques to infer implicit meaning embedded in messages exchanged in a health-related online community. Our analysis of peer interactions revealed that individuals factor in safety, glamour, expense, and media projection when choosing a form of nicotine intake. When choosing pharmacotherapy techniques, individuals focus on brands, dosage, and side effects associated with each form (e...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476150/non-adherence-to-anti-retroviral-therapy-among-hiv-infected-adults-in-mon-state-of-myanmar
#20
Win Lei Aye, Apa Puckpinyo, Karl Peltzer
BACKGROUND: The provision of Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ART) was started in Myanmar in 2005 in collaboration with the National AIDS Program and the private sector. Successful clinical management of HIV-infected patients is subject to optimal adherence. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of adherence to ART and identify factors associated with non-adherence to ART among HIV infected adults registered in a private sector setting in Mon State, Myanmar. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted with adults living with HIV receiving ART at an HIV outpatient clinic between April and May 2016...
May 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
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