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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790988/evaluation-of-a-music-therapy-social-skills-development-program-for-youth-with-limited-resources
#1
Varvara Pasiali, Cherie Clark
Background: Children living in low-resource communities are at risk for poorer socio-emotional development and academic performance. Emerging evidence supports use of group music therapy experiences to support social development through community afterschool programming. Objective: To examine the potential benefit of a music therapy social skills development program to improve social skills and academic performance of school-aged children with limited resources in an afterschool program...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Music Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790956/5-hydroxymethylcytosine-alterations-in-the-human-postmortem-brains-of-autism-spectrum-disorder
#2
Ying Cheng, Ziyi Li, Sasicha Manupipatpong, Li Lin, Xuekun Li, Tianlei Xu, Yong-Hui Jiang, Qiang Shu, Hao Wu, Peng Jin
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) include a group of syndromes characterized by impaired language, social, and communication skills, in addition to restrictive behaviors or stereotypes. However, with a prevalence of 1.5% in developed countries and high comorbidity rates, no clear underlying mechanism that unifies the heterogeneous phenotypes of ASD exists. 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC) is highly enriched in the brain and recognized as an essential epigenetic mark in developmental and brain disorders. To explore the role of 5hmC in ASD, we used the genomic DNA isolated from the postmortem cerebellum of both ASD patients and age-matched controls to profile genome-wide distribution of 5hmC...
May 22, 2018: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790145/-nursing-experience-of-using-mirror-visual-feedback-for-a-schizophrenia-patient-with-visual-hallucinations
#3
Shu-Ling Lan, Yu-Chi Chen, Hsiu-Ju Chang
The aim of this paper was to describe the nursing application of mirror visual feedback in a patient suffering from long-term visual hallucinations. The intervention period was from May 15th to October 19th, 2015. Using the five facets of psychiatric nursing assessment, several health problems were observed, including disturbed sensory perceptions (prominent visual hallucinations) and poor self-care (e.g. limited abilities to self-bathe and put on clothing). Furthermore, "caregiver role strain" due to the related intense care burden was noted...
June 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790137/-diabetic-foot-neuropathy-and-related-factors-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#4
Tzu-Yu Chen, Chia-Huei Lin, Yue-Cune Chang, Chih-Hsin Wang, Yi-Jen Hung, Wen-Chii Tzeng
BACKGROUND: Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) face a higher risk of diabetic foot neuropathy, which increases the risk of death. The early detection of factors that influence diabetic neuropathy reduces the risk of foot lesions, including foot ulcerations, lower extremity amputation, and mortality. PURPOSE: To explore the demographic, disease-characteristic, health-literacy, and foot-self-care-behavior factors that affect diabetic foot neuropathy in patients with T2DM...
June 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789364/bacterial-quorum-sensing-and-microbial-community-interactions
#5
REVIEW
Rhea G Abisado, Saida Benomar, Jennifer R Klaus, Ajai A Dandekar, Josephine R Chandler
Many bacteria use a cell-cell communication system called quorum sensing to coordinate population density-dependent changes in behavior. Quorum sensing involves production of and response to diffusible or secreted signals, which can vary substantially across different types of bacteria. In many species, quorum sensing modulates virulence functions and is important for pathogenesis. Over the past half-century, there has been a significant accumulation of knowledge of the molecular mechanisms, signal structures, gene regulons, and behavioral responses associated with quorum-sensing systems in diverse bacteria...
May 22, 2018: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789277/applicability-of-a-web-based-individualized-exercise-intervention-in-patients-with-liver-disease-cystic-fibrosis-esophageal-cancer-and-psychiatric-disorders-process-evaluation-of-4-ongoing-clinical-trials
#6
Daniel Pfirrmann, Nils Haller, Yvonne Huber, Patrick Jung, Klaus Lieb, Ines Gockel, Krystyna Poplawska, Jörn Markus Schattenberg, Perikles Simon
BACKGROUND: In the primary and secondary prevention of civilization diseases, regular physical activity is recommended in international guidelines to improve disease-related symptoms, delay the progression of the disease, or to enhance postoperative outcomes. In the preoperative context, there has been a paradigm shift in favor of using preconditioning concepts before surgery. Web-based interventions seem an innovative and effective tool for delivering general information, individualized exercise recommendations, and peer support...
May 22, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783145/electrochemical-biosensor-system-using-a-cmos-microelectrode-array-provides-high-spatially-and-temporally-resolved-images
#7
William Tedjo, Jasmine E Nejad, Rachel Feeny, Lang Yang, Charles S Henry, Stuart Tobet, Tom Chen
The ability to view biological events in real time has contributed significantly to research in the life sciences. While video capture of real time changes in anatomical relationships is important, it is equally important to visualize real time changes in the chemical communications that drive cell behaviors. This paper describes an electrochemical imaging system capable of capturing changes in chemical gradients in live tissue slices. The system consists of a CMOS microchip with 8192 configurable Pt surface electrodes, on-chip potentiostat, on-chip control logic, and a microfluidic device designed to interface with the CMOS chip to support ex vivo tissue experimentation...
April 10, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780340/regulating-emotional-responses-to-climate-change-a-construal-level-perspective
#8
Emma Ejelöv, André Hansla, Magnus Bergquist, Andreas Nilsson
This experimental study ( N = 139) examines the role of emotions in climate change risk communication. Drawing on Construal Level Theory, we tested how abstract vs. concrete descriptions of climate threat affect basic and self-conscious emotions and three emotion regulation strategies: changing oneself, repairing the situation and distancing oneself. In a 2 × 2 between subjects factorial design, climate change consequences were described as concrete/abstract and depicted as spatially proximate/distant. Results showed that, as hypothesized, increased self-conscious emotions mediate overall positive effects of abstract description on self-change and repair attempts...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777318/toward-an-emerging-role-for-motivational-interviewing-in-primary-care
#9
REVIEW
Robert Keeley, Matthew Engel, Alex Reed, David Brody, Brian L Burke
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Implementing Motivational Interviewing (MI) in primary care settings has been problematic due in part to persistent gaps in knowledge. Examples include poor understanding of how to effectively train persons to conduct MI, or of which aspects of MI-related communication are associated with better outcomes for patients. This review describes how recent research findings addressing the knowledge gaps support a growing role for MI in primary care. RECENT FINDINGS: Two trials of MI training combined classroom time with ongoing coaching and feedback, resulting in enhanced MI ability relative to a control arm where PCPs received minimal or no MI training...
May 18, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775078/effects-of-a-parent-implemented-developmental-reciprocity-treatment-program-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#10
Grace W Gengoux, Salena Schapp, Sarah Burton, Christina M Ardel, Robin A Libove, Gina Baldi, Kari L Berquist, Jennifer M Phillips, Antonio Y Hardan
Developmental approaches to autism treatment aim to establish strong interpersonal relationships through joint play. These approaches have emerging empirical support; however, there is a need for further research documenting the procedures and demonstrating their effectiveness. This pilot study evaluated changes in parent behavior and child autism symptoms following a 12-week Developmental Reciprocity Treatment parent-training program. A total of 22 children with autism spectrum disorder between 2 and 6 years (mean age = 44...
May 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765244/an-echo-to-choosing-wisely-%C3%A2-in-switzerland
#11
Lionel Chok, Johann Debrunner, Sandra Jaeggli, Karmen Kusic, Esther B Bachli
Background: Inspired by the US Choosing Wisely® , in 2016 the Swiss Society of General Internal Medicine released a list of five treatments or diagnostic tests used in the hospital and considered unnecessary based on not improving patient care and adding to health care costs. These "Smarter Medicine" recommendations were implemented in the Department of Internal Medicine, Uster Hospital, in August 2016. They were supported by lectures and weekly email communications. We analyzed the number of blood draws before and after implementation of the recommendation aimed at reducing blood tests...
2018: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764410/changes-in-risk-perceptions-during-the-2014-ebola-virus-disease-epidemic-results-of-two-consecutive-surveys-among-the-general-population-in-lower-saxony-germany
#12
Julie Obenauer, Nicole Rübsamen, Ekaterine Garsevanidze, André Karch, Rafael T Mikolajczyk
BACKGROUND: The Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak 2014 received extensive news media coverage, which faded out before the outbreak ended. News media coverage impacts risk perception; it is, however, unclear if the components of risk perception (affective and cognitive responses) change differently over time. METHODS: In an online panel, we asked participants (n = 1376) about EVD risk perceptions at the epidemic's peak (November 2014) and after news media coverage faded out (August 2015)...
May 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761752/addressing-cancer-patient-and-caregiver-role-transitions-during-home-hospice-nursing-care
#13
Janella Hudson, Maija Reblin, Margaret F Clayton, Lee Ellington
OBJECTIVE: Many family caregivers and hospice patients experience role changes resulting from advancing illness and the need for increased caregiver responsibility. Successful navigation of conflicts that arise because of these role transitions has been linked to higher quality of patient care and improved caregiver bereavement adjustment. Nursing communication with patients and their caregivers plays an important role in facilitating these transitions. Our objective is to describe patient-caregiver-nurse communication during transitions at end of life...
May 15, 2018: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761485/shaping-complex-functional-communication-responses
#14
Mahshid Ghaemmaghami, Gregory P Hanley, Joshua Jessel, Robin Landa
Response efficiency plays an important role in the initial success of functional communication training (FCT). Although low-effort functional communication responses (FCRs) have been shown to be most effective in replacing problem behavior; more developmentally advanced FCRs are favored later in the treatment process. Attempts to teach these more complex FCRs, however, often lead to the resurgence of problem behavior. In this study, we provide a detailed description of an effective shaping process applied within a changing criterion design to develop complex FCRs from simple FCRs without resurgence of problem behavior...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752645/a-tale-of-two-countries-innovation-and-collaboration-aimed-at-changing-the-culture-of-medicine-in-uruguay
#15
Juan J Dapueto, Mercedes Viera, Charles Samenow, William H Swiggart, Jeffrey Steiger
This is a case study of a program to address professionalism at the Universidad de la República in Uruguay. We describe a five-year ongoing international collaboration. Relevant characteristics of the context, the program components, activities, and results were analyzed. The expected outcomes were to introduce standards of professional practices in the curricula of medical students and residents and the implementation of a program that might lead to a significant change in the culture of medicine in the University...
May 11, 2018: HEC Forum: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Hospitals' Ethical and Legal Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751823/effectiveness-of-the-kenkojiseichi-local-revitalization-system-on-cognitive-function-change-in-older-adults-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Songee Jung, Sungchul Lee, Seongryu Bae, Sangyoon Lee, Keitaro Makino, Yohei Shinkai, Hiroyuki Shimada
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is associated with a lower risk of cognitive decline in older adults. However, past studies have demonstrated that older adults tend to relapse into inactivity after completing interventions. This ongoing study employs a randomized controlled trial design to assess the efficacy and efficiency of the KENKOJISEICHI local revitalization system for promoting daily outdoor behaviors to improve cognitive function in community-dwelling older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI)...
May 11, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747244/nucleus-reuniens-of-the-thalamus-controls-fear-memory-intensity-specificity-and-long-term-maintenance-during-consolidation
#17
Fernanda Troyner, Maira A Bicca, Leandro J Bertoglio
The thalamic nucleus reuniens (NR) has been shown to support bidirectional medial prefrontal cortex-hippocampus communication and synchronization relevant for cognitive processing. Using non-selective or prolonged inactivation of the NR, previous studies reported its activity positively modulates aversive memory consolidation. Here we examined the NR's role in consolidating contextual fear memories with varied strength, at both recent and more remote time points, using muscimol-induced temporary inactivation in rats...
May 10, 2018: Hippocampus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746167/a-chemical-genetics-approach-identifies-ptp4a3-as-a-regulator-of-colon-cancer-cell-adhesion
#18
Kelley E McQueeney, Joseph M Salamoun, Jennifer G Ahn, Paula Pekic, Isabella K Blanco, Heather L Struckman, Elizabeth R Sharlow, Peter Wipf, John S Lazo
Dysregulation of the tightly controlled protein phosphorylation networks that govern cellular behavior causes cancer. The membrane-associated, intracellular protein tyrosine phosphatase PTP4A3 is overexpressed in human colorectal cancer and contributes to cell migration and invasion. To interrogate further the role of PTP4A3 in colorectal cancer cell migration and invasion, we deleted the Ptp4a3 gene from murine colorectal tumor cells. The resulting PTP4A3-/- cells exhibited impaired colony formation, spheroid formation, migration, and adherence compared with the paired PTP4A3fl/fl cells...
May 10, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742275/early-intensive-behavioral-intervention-eibi-for-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-asd
#19
REVIEW
Brian Reichow, Kara Hume, Erin E Barton, Brian A Boyd
BACKGROUND: The rising prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) increases the need for evidence-based behavioral treatments to lessen the impact of symptoms on children's functioning. At present, there are no curative or psychopharmacological therapies to effectively treat all symptoms of the disorders. Early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) is a treatment based on the principles of applied behavior analysis. Delivered for multiple years at an intensity of 20 to 40 hours per week, it is one of the more well-established treatments for ASD...
May 9, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740753/facial-expression-enhances-emotion-perception-compared-to-vocal-prosody-behavioral-and-fmri-studies
#20
Heming Zhang, Xuhai Chen, Shengdong Chen, Yansong Li, Changming Chen, Quanshan Long, Jiajin Yuan
Facial and vocal expressions are essential modalities mediating the perception of emotion and social communication. Nonetheless, currently little is known about how emotion perception and its neural substrates differ across facial expression and vocal prosody. To clarify this issue, functional MRI scans were acquired in Study 1, in which participants were asked to discriminate the valence of emotional expression (angry, happy or neutral) from facial, vocal, or bimodal stimuli. In Study 2, we used an affective priming task (unimodal materials as primers and bimodal materials as target) and participants were asked to rate the intensity, valence, and arousal of the targets...
May 9, 2018: Neuroscience Bulletin
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