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Behavior change communication

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644395/optical-tracking-and-digital-quantification-of-beating-behavior-in-bioengineered-human-cardiac-organoids
#1
Mahesh Devarasetty, Steven Forsythe, Thomas D Shupe, Shay Soker, Colin E Bishop, Anthony Atala, Aleksander Skardal
Organoid and organ-on-a-chip technologies are rapidly advancing towards deployment for drug and toxicology screening applications. Liver and cardiac toxicities account for the majority of drug candidate failures in human trials. Liver toxicity generally produces liver cell death, while cardiac toxicity causes adverse changes in heart beat kinetics. In traditional 2D cultures, beating kinetics can be measured by electrode arrays, but in some 3D constructs, quantifying beating kinetics can be more challenging...
June 23, 2017: Biosensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642217/an-interactive-mobile-based-tool-for-personal-social-network-data-collection-and-visualization-among-a-geographically-isolated-and-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-population-early-stage-feasibility-study-with-qualitative-user-feedback
#2
Katherine S Eddens, Jesse M Fagan, Tom Collins
BACKGROUND: Personal social networks have a profound impact on our health, yet collecting personal network data for use in health communication, behavior change, or translation and dissemination interventions has proved challenging. Recent advances in social network data collection software have reduced the burden of network studies on researchers and respondents alike, yet little testing has occurred to discover whether these methods are: (1) acceptable to a variety of target populations, including those who may have limited experience with technology or limited literacy; and (2) practical in the field, specifically in areas that are geographically and technologically disconnected, such as rural Appalachian Kentucky...
June 22, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640889/contrasting-academic-and-lay-press-print-coverage-of-the-2013-2016-ebola-virus-disease-outbreak
#3
Mark D Kieh, Elim M Cho, Ian A Myles
Under a traditional paradigm, only those with the expected background knowledge consume academic literature. The lay press, as well as government and non-government agencies, play a complementary role of extracting findings of high interest or importance and translating them for general viewing. The need for accurate reporting and public advising is paramount when attempting to tackle epidemic outbreaks through behavior change. Yet, public trust in media outlets is at a historic low. The Crisis and Emergency Risk Communication (CERC) model for media reporting on public health emergencies was established in 2005 and has subsequently been used to analyze media reporting on outbreaks of influenza and measles as well as smoking habits and medication compliance...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636674/behavior-change-communication-activities-improve-infant-and-young-child-nutrition-knowledge-and-practice-of-neighboring-non-participants-in-a-cluster-randomized-trial-in-rural-bangladesh
#4
John Hoddinott, Ishita Ahmed, Akhter Ahmed, Shalini Roy
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact on infant and young child nutrition knowledge and practice of mothers who were neighbors of mothers participating in a nutrition Behavior Change Communication (BCC) intervention in rural Bangladesh. METHODS: We analyzed data from 300 mothers whose neighbor participated in a nutrition BCC intervention and 600 mothers whose neighbor participated in an intervention that did not include BCC. We constructed measures capturing mothers' knowledge of infant and young child nutrition (IYCN) and measures of food consumption by children 6-24m...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634549/a-qualitative-study-of-quality-of-life-concerns-following-a-melanoma-diagnosis
#5
Rachel I Vogel, Lori G Strayer, Rehana L Ahmed, Anne Blaes, DeAnn Lazovich
The goal of this study was to identify a relevant and inclusive list of quality of life issues among long-term survivors of melanoma. Individuals diagnosed with stage I-III cutaneous melanoma and had survived 1-5 years, ages 18-65 years at diagnosis, were recruited. Five focus groups were conducted with 33 participants in total. Discussions centered on participants' experiences at diagnosis, as well as ongoing physical, emotional, and social concerns, and behavioral changes since diagnosis. The majority of participants reported shock, fear, and feeling overwhelmed at the time of diagnosis...
2017: Journal of Skin Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632597/leadership-communication-and-negotiation-across-a-diverse-workforce-an-aoa-critical-issues-symposium
#6
Denis R Clohisy, Michael J Yaszemski, Joanne Lipman
The current workforce in the United States is rapidly changing and is increasingly inclusive of individuals from a broad range of ages, ethnicities, and cultural backgrounds. Engaging and leading a diverse workforce creates great opportunities for innovation and adaptation in our evolving medical economic and clinical care delivery environment. For optimal engagement of employees and partners, orthopaedic surgeons must develop the necessary skills for executing change inside complex organizations and across teams composed of a variety of providers and skilled workers...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631199/practical-interventions-to-enhance-resident-ownership-of-patient-care
#7
Thomas Soeprono, Jesse Markman, Michael Grodesky, Deborah Cowley
OBJECTIVE: In the modern training environment, some question whether trainees have the opportunity to develop ownership of patient care, which includes concepts such as advocacy, autonomy, commitment, communication, follow-through, knowledge about the patient, responsibility, and teamwork. Despite descriptions of what ownership is, there is little discussion of how to foster ownership during residency. The objective of this study was to solicit psychiatry resident and faculty perspectives on ways to enhance resident ownership in training...
June 19, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630818/ethical-considerations-for-interdisciplinary-collaboration-with-prescribing-professionals
#8
Mindy K Newhouse-Oisten, Kimberly M Peck, Alissa A Conway, Jessica E Frieder
Behavior analysts often work as part of an interdisciplinary team, and different team members may prescribe different interventions for a single client. One such intervention that is commonly encountered is a change in medication. Changes in medication regimens have the potential to alter behavior in a number of ways. As such, it is important for all team members to be aware of every intervention and to consider how different interventions may interact with each other. These facts make regular and clear communication among team members vital for treatment success...
June 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630255/social-context-dependent-activity-in-marmoset-frontal-cortex-populations-during-natural-conversations
#9
Samuel U Nummela, Vladimir Jovanovic, Lisa de la Mothe, Cory T Miller
Communication is an inherently interactive process that weaves together the fabric of both human and nonhuman primate societies. To investigate the properties of the primate brain during active social signaling, we recorded the responses of frontal cortex neurons as freely-moving marmosets engaged in conversational exchanges with a visually occluded Virtual Marmoset (VM). We found that small changes in firing rate (∼1Hz) occurred across a broadly distributed population of frontal cortex neurons when marmosets heard a conspecific vocalization, and that these changes corresponded to subjects' likelihood of producing or withholding a vocal reply...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622007/starting-off-on-the-best-foot-a-review-of-message-framing-and-message-tailoring-and-recommendations-for-the-comprehensive-messaging-strategy-for-sustained-behavior-change
#10
J Paige Pope, Luc Pelletier, Camille Guertin
Health promotion programs represent a salient means through which physical activity promoters can cultivate positive health behavior change and maintenance. The messages communicated within these programs serve as an essential component as they are often used to convey valuable information, resources, or tools that facilitate health behavior initiation and sustained engagement. Identifying the most effective way to communicate health promotion information is, therefore, of considerable importance to ensuring that people not only attend to these messages, but also connect with and internalize the information conveyed within them...
June 16, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620286/audience-effects-in-territorial-defense-of-male-cichlid-fish-are-associated-with-differential-patterns-of-activation-of-the-brain-social-decision-making-network
#11
António Roleira, Gonçalo A Oliveira, João S Lopes, Rui F Oliveira
Animals communicate by exchanging signals frequently in the proximity of other conspecifics that may detect and intercept signals not directed to them. There is evidence that the presence of these bystanders modulates the signaling behavior of interacting individuals, a phenomenon that has been named audience effect. Research on the audience effect has predominantly focused on its function rather than on its proximate mechanisms. Here, we have investigated the physiological and neuromolecular correlates of the audience effect in a cichlid fish (Mozambique tilapia, Oreochromis mossambicus)...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619652/frontal-temporal-and-parietal-systems-synchronize-within-and-across-brains-during-live-eye-to-eye-contact
#12
Joy Hirsch, Xian Zhang, J Adam Noah, Yumie Ono
Human eye-to-eye contact is a primary source of social cues and communication. In spite of the biological significance of this interpersonal interaction, the underlying neural processes are not well-understood. This knowledge gap, in part, reflects limitations of conventional neuroimaging methods, including solitary confinement in the bore of a scanner and minimal tolerance of head movement that constrain investigations of natural, two-person interactions. However, these limitations are substantially resolved by recent technical developments in functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS), a non-invasive spectral absorbance technique that detects changes in blood oxygen levels in the brain by using surface-mounted optical sensors...
June 12, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617622/treatment-and-communication-that-is-what-matters-an-analysis-of-complaints-regarding-end-of-life-care
#13
Jiska Cohen-Mansfield, Michal Skornick-Bouchbinder, Rinat Cohen, Shai Brill
BACKGROUND: Investigating complaints concerning end-of-life (EoL) care is a necessary step for improving the quality of life at its final stage. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to classify and quantify the aspects of EoL care that require improvement by analyzing caregivers' feedback on the care their relatives received before death. DESIGN: A survey of primary family caregivers of deceased patients. SETTING/SUBJECTS: Relatives of decedents were recruited through two geriatric medical centers and from persons contacted for other studies, who reported losing a relative...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609458/dendritic-overgrowth-and-elevated-erk-signaling-during-neonatal-development-in-a-mouse-model-of-autism
#14
Ning Cheng, Fawaz Alshammari, Elizabeth Hughes, Maryam Khanbabaei, Jong M Rho
Autism spectrum disorder (hereafter referred to as "ASD") is a heterogeneous neurodevelopmental condition characterized by impaired social communication and interactions, and restricted, repetitive activities or interests. Alterations in network connectivity and memory function are frequently observed in autism patients, often involving the hippocampus. However, specific changes during early brain development leading to disrupted functioning remain largely unclear. Here, we investigated the development of dendritic arbor of hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons in the BTBR T+tf/J (BTBR) mouse model of autism...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607906/implementation-of-cycletel-family-advice-an-sms-based-service-to-provide-family-planning-and-fertility-awareness-information-in-india
#15
Nicki Ashcroft, Victoria Shelus, Himanshu Garg, Courtney McLarnon-Silk, Victoria H Jennings
BACKGROUND: CycleTel Family Advice (CFA), an SMS-based service designed to improve knowledge of fertility and family planning (FP), was delivered to over 100,000 people in India from April to August 2015. The goal of CFA was to increase knowledge on a range of reproductive health topics, e.g., the menstrual cycle, fertility, and FP, and to increase positive perceptions and use of FP. This paper focuses on the best practices and operational challenges for providing an SMS service based on the implementation experience of CFA...
2017: MHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601927/what-makes-you-so-sure-dogmatism-fundamentalism-analytic-thinking-perspective-taking-and-moral-concern-in-the-religious-and-nonreligious
#16
Jared Parker Friedman, Anthony Ian Jack
Better understanding the psychological factors related to certainty in one's beliefs (i.e., dogmatism) has important consequences for both individuals and social groups. Generally, beliefs can find support from at least two different routes of information processing: social/moral considerations or analytic/empirical reasoning. Here, we investigate how these two psychological constructs relate to dogmatism in two groups of individuals who preferentially draw on the former or latter sort of information when forming beliefs about the world-religious and nonreligious individuals...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599813/google-dengue-trends-an-indicator-of-epidemic-behavior-the-venezuelan-case
#17
Ricardo A Strauss, Julio S Castro, Ralf Reintjes, Jaime R Torres
INTRODUCTION: Dengue Fever is a neglected increasing public health thread. Developing countries are facing surveillance system problems like delay and data loss. Lately, the access and the availability of health-related information on the internet have changed what people seek on the web. In 2004 Google developed Google Dengue Trends (GDT) based on the number of search terms related with the disease in a determined time and place. The goal of this review is to evaluate the accuracy of GDT in comparison with traditional surveillance systems in Venezuela...
August 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599028/transitioning-the-allergy-immunology-patient-from-childhood-to-adulthood
#18
Flavia C L Hoyte
Allergic disorders and immunodeficiencies are generally chronic and even lifelong conditions, often changing over time, making the cautious transition of care from childhood to adulthood particularly important. Many, but not all, patients can continue to receive their care from the same physician as they transition through adolescence and emerging adulthood, made possible because allergy/immunology training programs require cross-training in the care of both pediatric and adult patients. Although keeping the same physician makes the transition easier for many allergy/immunology patients, even these patients face psychosocial issues unique to adolescents and emerging adults, including increased autonomy, risk-taking behavior, and medical self-management...
June 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591612/role-of-ambient-gas-composition-on-cold-physical-plasma-elicited-cell-signaling-in-keratinocytes
#19
Anke Schmidt, Sander Bekeschus, Helena Jablonowski, Annemarie Barton, Klaus-Dieter Weltmann, Kristian Wende
A particularly promising medical application of cold physical plasma is the support of wound healing. This is presumably achieved by modulating inflammation as well as skin cell signaling and migration. Plasma-derived reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (ROS/RNS) are assumed the central biologically active plasma components. We hypothesized that modulating the environmental plasma conditions from pure nitrogen (N2) to pure oxygen (O2) in an atmospheric pressure argon plasma jet (kINPen) will change type and concentration of ROS/RNS and effectively tune the behavior of human skin cells...
June 6, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586711/an-eye-tracking-system-for-monitoring-face-scanning-patterns-reveals-the-enhancing-effect-of-oxytocin-on-eye-contact-in-common-marmosets
#20
Manato Kotani, Kohei Shimono, Toshihiro Yoneyama, Tomokazu Nakako, Kenji Matsumoto, Yuji Ogi, Naho Konoike, Katsuki Nakamura, Kazuhito Ikeda
Eye tracking systems are used to investigate eyes position and gaze patterns presumed as eye contact in humans. Eye contact is a useful biomarker of social communication and known to be deficient in patients with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). Interestingly, the same eye tracking systems have been used to directly compare face scanning patterns in some non-human primates to those in human. Thus, eye tracking is expected to be a useful translational technique for investigating not only social attention and visual interest, but also the effects of psychiatric drugs, such as oxytocin, a neuropeptide that regulates social behavior...
May 10, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
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