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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806863/influence-of-gender-working-field-and-psychosocial-factors-on-the-vulnerability-for-burnout-in-mental-hospital-staff-results-of-an-austrian-cross-sectional-study
#1
Petra Schadenhofer, Michael Kundi, Heidemarie Abrahamian, Harald Stummer, Alexandra Kautzky-Willer
INTRODUCTION: According to the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA), hospitals represent a work environment with high job strain. Prolonged perceived occupational stress may result in symptoms of burnout, such as emotional exhaustion (EE), depersonalisation (DP) and reduced personal accomplishment (PA). Understanding which factors may reduce vulnerability for burnout is an important requirement for well-targeted occupational stress prevention in mental hospital staff...
August 14, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806369/intimate-partner-violence-victimization-and-associated-implications-for-health-and-functioning-among-male-and-female-post-9-11-veterans
#2
Katherine M Iverson, Dawne Vogt, Rachel M Maskin, Brian N Smith
BACKGROUND: There is increased emphasis on identifying patients who experience intimate partner violence (IPV) in Department of Veterans Affairs and other health care settings. A better understanding of IPV's implications for health and functioning is needed among post-911 Veterans, and especially male Veterans, to inform IPV screening and response. OBJECTIVES: To identify past 6-month IPV experienced among partnered post-9/11 Veterans and examine sex-based associations between IPV and health...
September 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806026/physician-perceptions-of-barriers-to-advance-care-planning
#3
Lauren Fanta, Jill Tyler
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have confirmed the importance of advance care planning. Despite the benefits of directed end-of-life discussions, a variety of barriers including discomfort with the topic, physician ideology, lack of time and reimbursement, delaying discussions, and lack of training impede physicians from facilitating these crucial conversations with their patients. This study aims to understand physicians' perceptions to additional barriers to advance care planning with patients and their families...
July 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804635/analyzing-cardiovascular-treatment-guidelines-application-to-women-and-minority-populations
#4
REVIEW
Garth Graham, Yang-Yu Karen Xiao, Terry Taylor, Amber Boehm
Despite nearly 30 years of treatment guidelines for cardiovascular diseases and risk factors and a parallel growth in the understanding of cardiovascular disease disparities by sex and race/ethnicity, such disparities persist. The goals of this review are to consider the possible role of three factors: the one-size-fits-all approach of most treatment guidelines, adoption of guideline-recommended treatments in clinical practice, and patient adherence to recommended practice, especially the relationship between adherence and patient perceptions...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804394/hard-and-soft-age-discrimination-the-dual-nature-of-workplace-discrimination
#5
Justyna Stypinska, Konrad Turek
The paper concentrates on the problem of age discrimination in the labour market and the way it can be conceptualised and measured in a multi-disciplinary way. The approach proposed here combines two understandings of age discrimination-a sociological and legal one, what allows for a fuller and expanded understanding of ageism in the workplace. At the heart of the study is a survey carried out in Poland with a sample of 1000 men and women aged 45-65 years. The study takes a deeper and innovative look into the issue of age discrimination in employment...
March 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803884/challenging-the-colonisation-of-birth-koori-women-s-birthing-knowledge-and-practice
#6
Karen Adams, Shannon Faulkhead, Rachel Stanfield, Petah Atkinson
BACKGROUND: The 2007 United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples states that Indigenous peoples have the right to self-determination for social and cultural development. This fundamental right has been impeded worldwide through colonisation where many Indigenous peoples have had to adapt to ensure continuation of cultural knowledge and practice. In South East Australia colonisation was particularly brutal interrupting a 65,000 year-old oral culture and archives have increasing importance for cultural revival...
August 10, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803741/the-cardiovascular-toxicity-of-triadimefon-in-early-life-stage-of-zebrafish-and-potential-implications-to-human-health
#7
Hong-Cui Liu, Tian-Yi Chu, Li-Li Chen, Wen-Jun Gui, Guo-Nian Zhu
The health risk of triadimefon (TF) to cardiovascular system of human is still unclear, especially to pesticide suicides population, occupational population (farmers, retailers and pharmaceutical workers), and special population (young children and infants, pregnant women, older people, and those with compromised immune systems) who are at a greater risk. Therefore, firstly we explored the toxic effects and possible mechanism of cardiovascular toxicity induced by TF using zebrafish model. Zebrafish at stage of 48 h post fertilization (hpf) exposed to TF for 24 h exhibited morphological malformations which were further confirmed by histopathologic examination, including pericardial edema, circulation abnormalities, serious venous thrombosis and increased distance between the sinus venosus (SV) and bulbus arteriosus (BA) regions of the heart...
August 10, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802575/military-experience-can-influence-women-s-eating-habits
#8
Jessica Y Breland, Rosemary Donalson, Andrea Nevedal, Julie V Dinh, Shira Maguen
BACKGROUND: Disordered eating, ranging from occasional binge eating or restriction to behaviors associated with eating disorder diagnoses, is common among military personnel and veterans. However, there is little information on how military service affects eating habits. OBJECTIVE: To describe possible pathways between military service and disordered eating among women veterans, a high risk group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty women veterans who reported changing eating habits in response to stress participated in audio-recorded focus groups or dyadic interviews between April 2013 and October 2014...
August 9, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801397/getting-the-right-balance-a-mixed-logit-analysis-of-the-relationship-between-uk-training-doctors-characteristics-and-their-specialties-using-the-2013-national-training-survey
#9
Idaira Rodriguez Santana, Martin Chalkley
OBJECTIVE: To analyse how training doctors' demographic and socioeconomic characteristics vary according to the specialty that they are training for. DESIGN: Descriptive statistics and mixed logistic regression analysis of cross-sectional survey data to quantify evidence of systematic relationships between doctors' characteristics and their specialty. SETTING: Doctors in training in the United Kingdom in 2013. PARTICIPANTS: 27 530 doctors in training but not in their foundation year who responded to the National Training Survey 2013...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801052/accompaniment-of-second-trimester-abortions-the-model-of-the-feminist-socorrista-network-of-argentina
#10
Ruth Zurbriggen, Brianna Keefe-Oates, Caitlin Gerdts
OBJECTIVE: Legal restrictions on abortion access impact the safety and timing of abortion. Women affected by these laws face barriers to safe care that often result in abortion being delayed. Second-trimester abortion affects vulnerable groups of women disproportionately, and is often more difficult to access. In Argentina, where abortion is legally restricted except in cases of rape or threat to the health of the woman, the Socorristas en Red, a feminist network, offers a model of accompaniment wherein they provide information and support to women seeking second-trimester abortions...
August 8, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800292/osteoporosis-knowledge-translation-for-young-adults-new-directions-for-prevention-programs
#11
Alyson Holland
INTRODUCTION: Osteoporosis prevention is heavily reliant on education programs, which are most effective when tailored to their intended audience. Most osteoporosis prevention education is designed for older adults, making application of these programs to younger adults difficult. Designing programs for young adults requires understanding the information-seeking practices of young adults, so that knowledge about osteoporosis can be effectively translated. METHODS: Individual interviews were conducted with 60 men and women-multiethnic, Canadian young adults-to explore both the sources and types of information they search for when seeking information on nutrition or bone health...
August 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800057/experiences-of-gynecological-cancer-patients-receiving-care-from-specialist-nurses-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#12
Olivia Cook, Meredith McIntyre, Katrina Recoche, Susan Lee
BACKGROUND: The care needs of women with gynecological cancer are complex and change over the course of their cancer journey. Specialist nurses are well positioned to play a role in meeting the needs of women with gynecological cancer although their role and scope of practice have not been well defined. As patients are a key stakeholder, understanding their experience of care is an important step in better defining the role and scope of practice of specialist nurses in gynecological oncology in Australia and New Zealand...
August 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799962/intention-to-receive-breast-cancer-screening-and-related-factors-of-influence-among-vietnamese-women-in-transnational-marriages
#13
Fang-Hsin Lee
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is a major global health issue. Receivingregular breast cancer screenings aids in the early detection and treatment of breast cancer. Numerous factors influence whether a Vietnamese woman receives breast cancer screening. PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to understand current rates of breast cancer screening and explore the factors that influence intention to undergo breast cancer screening among Vietnamese women in transnational marriages...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799845/how-does-young-women-s-weight-perception-affect-their-nutrient-intake-korean-young-women-s-dietary-consumption-and-nutritional-deficiency
#14
Seonglim Lee, Jaehye Suk, Minjeong Kim, Hyesun Hwang
We investigated the relationship between Korean young women's weight perception and nutritional deficiency to understand the effect of culturally fostered ideals of women's bodies on dietary life. We analyzed 585 participants' responses from the 2011 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey by using logistic regressions. Women who overestimated their weight were more likely to suffer from nutritional deficiency. Overestimating weight was significantly associated with increased relative risks of deficient carbohydrate and protein intake...
August 11, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799453/health-illness-transition-experiences-with-type-2-diabetes-self-management-of-sub-saharan-african-immigrants-in-the-united-states
#15
Désiré M Kindarara, Marylyn M McEwen, Janice D Crist, Lois J Loescher
Purpose The purpose of this study was to describe Sub-Saharan African immigrants' health-illness transition experiences associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) self-management. Methods A qualitative description methodology was used in this study. Face-to-face semi-structured in-depth interviews lasting 60 to 90 minutes were conducted with 10 Sub-Saharan African immigrant men and women with T2DM recruited using purposive and snowball sampling. Each interview was audio-taped, transcribed, and analyzed using qualitative content analysis...
August 1, 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799072/cervical-cancer-literacy-in-women-of-reproductive-age-and-its-related-factors
#16
Maryam Bazaz, Parvin Shahry, Sayed Mahmood Latifi, Marzieh Araban
Cancer health literacy, which is the ability to search, understand, and use health information to make appropriate health decisions, plays an important role in the use of preventative and screening information. The present study aims to evaluate cervical cancer health literacy in women of reproductive age and its related factors. In this cross-sectional study, 231 women of reproductive age who referred to health centers of Khuzestan Province, Iran, were selected via convenience sampling. A valid and reliable measure was employed to collect information about various dimensions of cervical cancer health literacy, including having access to, reading, understanding, appraising, using, and communicating it...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798894/clients-perspectives-on-quality-of-delivery-services-in-a-rural-setting-in-tanzania-findings-from-a-qualitative-action-oriented-research
#17
Gerald J Makuka, Moses M Sango, Ayubu E Mashambo, Abednego E Mashambo, Sia E Msuya, Sabina P Mtweve
OBJECTIVE: To know and understand the perspectives of women on the quality of maternal health services provided at their health facility (HF) and to incite community self-propelled problem identification and way forward. METHODS: A qualitative action- oriented research was conducted in a rural setting in Tanzania from 2011 to 2014. Twenty In-Depth Interviews (IDIs) and two Focus Group Discussions were held. The IDIs were conducted with mothers who had attended antenatal care at the HF and delivered there...
2017: International Journal of MCH and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798761/harnessing-finger-millet-to-combat-calcium-deficiency-in-humans-challenges-and-prospects
#18
REVIEW
Swati Puranik, Jason Kam, Pranav P Sahu, Rama Yadav, Rakesh K Srivastava, Henry Ojulong, Rattan Yadav
Humans require more than 20 mineral elements for healthy body function. Calcium (Ca), one of the essential macromineral, is required in relatively large quantities in the diet for maintaining a sound overall health. Young children, pregnant and nursing women in marginalized and poorest regions of the world, are at highest risk of Ca malnutrition. Elderly population is another group of people most commonly affected by Ca deficiency mainly in the form of osteoporosis and osteopenia. Improved dietary intake of Ca may be the most cost-effective way to meet such deficiencies...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797822/mental-health-nurses-emotions-exposure-to-patient-aggression-attitudes-to-and-use-of-coercive-measures-cross-sectional-questionnaire-survey
#19
Rahul Jalil, Jorg W Huber, Judith Sixsmith, Geoffrey L Dickens
BACKGROUND: Mental health nurses are exposed to patient aggression, and required to manage and de-escalate aggressive incidents; coercive measures such as restraint and seclusion should only be used as a last resort. An improved understanding of links between nurses' exposure to aggression, attitudes to, and actual involvement in, coercive measures, and their emotions (anger, guilt, fear, fatigue, sadness), could inform preparation and education for prevention and management of violence...
July 31, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797697/changes-in-inflammatory-endometrial-cancer-risk-biomarkers-in-individuals-undergoing-surgical-weight-loss
#20
Faina Linkov, Sharon L Goughnour, Tianzhou Ma, Zhongying Xu, Robert P Edwards, Anna E Lokshin, Ramesh C Ramanathan, Giselle G Hamad, Carol McCloskey, Dana H Bovbjerg
OBJECTIVE: Obesity has been strongly linked to endometrial cancer (EC) risk. A number of potential EC risk biomarkers have been proposed, including heightened pro-inflammatory cytokines and adipokines. To evaluate if bariatric surgery can serve as a means for altering levels of such EC risk biomarkers, we investigated changes in these biomarkers after weight loss. METHODS: Blood samples were collected pre-operatively and 6months post-operatively in 107 female bariatric surgery patients aged 18-72years...
August 7, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
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