keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Labor

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775382/data-mining-cmmss-how-to-convert-data-into-knowledge
#1
Larry Fennigkoh, D Courtney Nanney
Although the healthcare technology management (HTM) community has decades of accumulated medical device-related maintenance data, little knowledge has been gleaned from these data. Finding and extracting such knowledge requires the use of the well-established, but admittedly somewhat foreign to HTM, application of inferential statistics. This article sought to provide a basic background on inferential statistics and describe a case study of their application, limitations, and proper interpretation. The research question associated with this case study involved examining the effects of ventilator preventive maintenance (PM) labor hours, age, and manufacturer on needed unscheduled corrective maintenance (CM) labor hours...
January 2018: Biomedical Instrumentation & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774042/assessing-the-efficiency-of-phenotyping-early-traits-in-a-greenhouse-automated-platform-for-predicting-drought-tolerance-of-soybean-in-the-field
#2
Laura S Peirone, Gustavo A Pereyra Irujo, Alejandro Bolton, Ignacio Erreguerena, Luis A N Aguirrezábal
Conventional field phenotyping for drought tolerance, the most important factor limiting yield at a global scale, is labor-intensive and time-consuming. Automated greenhouse platforms can increase the precision and throughput of plant phenotyping and contribute to a faster release of drought tolerant varieties. The aim of this work was to establish a framework of analysis to identify early traits which could be efficiently measured in a greenhouse automated phenotyping platform, for predicting the drought tolerance of field grown soybean genotypes...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773486/labor-analgesia-in-czech-republic-and-slovakia-a-2015-national-survey
#3
J Bláha, P Štourač, M Grochová, R Klozová, S Richterová, P Nosková, D Seidlová, V Zenkner, A Novotný, D Schwarz, J Ščamburová, M Kosinová, Ch Kufa, M Kirchnerová, J Macková, L Várošová, R Toboláková, J Cepák, J Firment
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this international survey was to describe the current practices and techniques of labor analgesia in the Czech Republic (CZE) and Slovakia (SVK). METHODS: All Czech and Slovak departments that provide obstetric anesthesia were invited to participate in a one-month (November 2015) prospective study that monitored in detail all peripartum anesthetic procedures delivered by anesthesiologists. Participating centers recorded all data on-line in the CLADE-IS database (Masaryk University, CZE)...
April 7, 2018: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772799/income-and-self-rated-mental-health-diminished-returns-for-high-income-black-americans
#4
Shervin Assari, Lisa M Lapeyrouse, Harold W Neighbors
Background: The minorities' diminished return theory suggests that socioeconomic position (SEP) generates smaller health gains for racial/ethnic minorities compared to Whites. The current study was a Black⁻White comparison of the association between household income and self-rated mental health (SRMH). Methods: This cross-sectional study used data from the 2017 State of the State Survey (SOSS). With representative sampling, the SOSS generates results that are generalizable to the state of Michigan. This study included 881 adults, ( n = 92) Black and ( n = 782) White...
May 17, 2018: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772681/global-asbestos-disaster
#5
Sugio Furuya, Odgerel Chimed-Ochir, Ken Takahashi, Annette David, Jukka Takala
Introduction : Asbestos has been used for thousands of years but only at a large industrial scale for about 100⁻150 years. The first identified disease was asbestosis, a type of incurable pneumoconiosis caused by asbestos dust and fibres. The latest estimate of global number of asbestosis deaths from the Global Burden of Disease estimate 2016 is 3495. Asbestos-caused cancer was identified in the late 1930's but despite today's overwhelming evidence of the strong carcinogenicity of all asbestos types, including chrysotile, it is still widely used globally...
May 16, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772065/isodose-feature-preserving-voxelization-ifpv-for-radiation-therapy-treatment-planning
#6
Hongcheng Liu, Lei Xing
PURPOSE: Inverse planning involves iterative optimization of a large number of parameters and is known to be a labor-intensive procedure. To reduce the scale of computation and improve characterization of isodose plan, this paper presents an isodose feature-preserving voxelization (IFPV) framework for radiation therapy applications and demonstrate an implementation of inverse planning in the IFPV domain. METHODS: A dose distribution in IFPV scheme is characterized by partitioning the voxels into subgroups according to their geometric and dosimetric values...
May 17, 2018: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772056/maternal-plasma-leptin-levels-in-relation-to-the-duration-of-the-active-phase-of-labor
#7
Sara Carlhäll, Karin Källén, Annika Thorsell, Marie Blomberg
INTRODUCTION: Obese women have increased leptin levels and longer duration of labor compared to normal weight women. Leptin has an inhibitory effect on myometrial contractility in vitro. Our purpose was to examine whether maternal leptin levels in active labor were associated with the duration of the active phase of labor. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective cohort study included 914 women. Maternal blood samples were collected in active labor. The plasma-leptin concentration was obtained using a direct sandwich-based ELISA...
May 17, 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772053/delivery-outcome-after-trial-of-labor-in-nulliparous-women-over-40-years-of-age-a-population-based-study
#8
Victoria Ankarcrona, Daniel Altman, Anna-Karin Wikström, Bo Jacobsson, Sophia Brismar Wendel
INTRODUCTION: An increasing proportion of nulliparous women are over 40 years and labor is more often induced. The aim of this study was to assess delivery outcome in women over 40 years, accounting for the interaction between age and induction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Population-based study of 1 644 598 nulliparous women with live singleton cephalic term deliveries 1992 to 2011. Risks of intrapartum cesarean section, operative vaginal delivery, obstetric anal sphincter injury (OASIS), and 5-minutes Apgar score <7 were calculated in women ≥40 years with induced or spontaneous labor, and women <40 years with induced labor by unconditional logistic regression, and presented with crude and adjusted odds ratios (aOR) with 95% confidence intervals (95%CI)...
May 17, 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771920/maternal-human-telomerase-reverse-transcriptase-variants-are-associated-with-preterm-labor-and-preterm-premature-rupture-of-membranes
#9
Caroline Marrs, Kevin Chesmore, Ramkumar Menon, Scott Williams
OBJECTIVE: Premature aging and short telomere lengths of fetal tissues are associated with spontaneous preterm labor (PTL) and preterm premature rupture of membranes (pPROM). Maintenance of telomere length is performed by the enzyme telomerase. Human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) is a subunit of telomerase, and its dysfunction affects telomere shortening. This study assessed whether maternal or fetal genetic variations in the hTERT gene are associated with PTL or pPROM. METHODS: A case (PTL or pPROM) control (term birth) genetic association study was conducted in 654 non-Hispanic white mothers (438 term, 162 PTL, 54 pPROM) and 502 non-Hispanic white newborns (346 term, 116 PTB, 40 pPROM)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770454/streamlining-a-blood-center-and-hospital-transfusion-service-supply-chain-with-an-informatics-vendor-managed-inventory-solution-development-implementation-and-3-month-follow-up
#10
Hamilton C Tsang, Adam Garcia, Robert Scott, David Lancaster, Dianne Geary, Anh-Thu Nguyen, Raina Shankar, Leslie Buchanan, Tho D Pham
BACKGROUND: The ordering process at Stanford Health Care involved twice-daily shipments predicated upon current stock levels from the blood center to the hospital transfusion service. Manual census determination is time consuming and error prone. We aimed to enhance inventory management by developing an informatics platform to streamline the ordering process and reallocate staff productivity. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: The general inventory accounts for more than 50 product categories based on characteristics including component, blood type, irradiation status, and cytomegalovirus serology status...
May 16, 2018: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769482/aetiological-factors-of-female-genitourinary-fistula
#11
F Z Aalpona, M Kamrul-Hasan, F Islam, S Hossain, S Akter, K F Ananya
The purpose of this observational cross-sectional study was to evaluate the histories of women with urinary incontinence caused by genitourinary fistulae in Bangladesh. This is an exploratory analysis to investigate possible contributing factors to the development of urogenital fistulae. Sixty four (64) women who were treated for urogenital fistulae at the National Fistula Center, Dhaka Medical College Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh were interviewed from July 2013 to December 2013. Their average age was 35.91 years; majorities were illiterate; had early marriage and came from poor family...
April 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768964/effects-of-combined-spinal-epidural-analgesia-on-first-stage-of-labor-a-cohort-study
#12
Silvia Poma, Luigia Scudeller, Chiara Verga, Giorgio Mirabile, Barbara Gardella, Federica Broglia, Maria Ciceri, Marinella Fuardo, Simona Pellicori, Maddalena Gerletti, Silvia Zizzi, Elena Masserini, Maria Paola Delmonte, Giorgio Antonio Iotti
BACKGROUND: Neuraxial anesthesia is considered as the gold standard in the control labor of pain. Its variants are epidural analgesia and combined spinal-epidural analgesia. Few studies, as yet, have investigated the duration of labor as a primary outcome. Some authors have suggested that combined spinal-epidural analgesia may reduce labor duration but at the moment the benefit of shortening labor is uncertain. The main aim of this study was to compare combined spinal-epidural with epidural analgesia in terms of their effect on duration of stage I labor, maternal, and neonatal outcomes...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768660/validation-of-a-computerized-algorithm-to-quantify-fetal-heart-rate-deceleration-area
#13
Erika Gyllencreutz, Ke Lu, Kaj Lindecrantz, Pelle G Lindqvist, Lennart Nordstrom, Malin Holzmann, Farhad Abtahi
INTRODUCTION: Reliability in visual cardiotocography interpretation is unsatisfying, which has led to development of computerized cardiotocography. Computerized analysis is well established for antenatal fetal surveillance, but has yet not performed sufficiently during labor. We aimed to investigate the capacity of a new computerized algorithm compared to visual assessment in identifying intrapartum fetal heart rate baseline and decelerations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Three-hundred-and-twelve intrapartum cardiotocography tracings with variable decelerations were analysed by the computerized algorithm and visually examined by two observers, blinded to each other and the computer analysis...
May 16, 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768650/gestation-at-birth-mode-of-birth-infant-feeding-and-childhood-hospitalization-with-infection
#14
Jason P Bentley, David P Burgner, Antonia W Shand, Jane C Bell, Jessica E Miller, Natasha Nassar
INTRODUCTION: Infections are a leading cause of mortality and morbidity in preschool children. We aimed to assess the impact of the co-occurrence of cesarean section, early birth and formula feeding on hospitalization with infection in early childhood. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Population-based retrospective record-linkage cohort study of 488 603 singleton livebirths ≥32 weeks gestational age in New South Wales, Australia, 2007-2012. Multivariable Cox-regression was used to estimate independent and combined adjusted associations of gestational age, mode of birth (vaginal or cesarean section by labor onset) and formula feeding with time to first and repeat hospitalization with infection for children <5 years of age...
May 16, 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768611/deaths-of-women-hospitalized-for-childbirth-and-abortion-and-of-their-concept-in-maternity-wards-of-brazilian-public-hospitals
#15
Pauline Lorena Kale, Maria Helena Prado de Mello Jorge, Sandra Costa Fonseca, Angela Maria Cascão, Kátia Silveira da Silva, Ana Cristina Reis, Mauro Tomoyuki Taniguchi
The aim of this cross-sectional hospital-based study of 7,845 pregnancies was to analyze deaths of women hospitalized for childbirth and abortion, and fetal and neonatal deaths, in public hospitals in the cities of São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Niteroi (RJ), Brazil, in 2011. Outcomes of the pregnancies were: one maternal death, 498 abortions, 65 fetal deaths, 44 neonatal deaths and 7,291 infant survivors. Data were collected through interviews, medical records and the women's pregnancy records, and from the Mortality Information System (SIM)...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768579/-cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-spontaneous-vaginal-delivery-and-elective-cesarean-for-normal-risk-pregnant-women-in-the-brazilian-unified-national-health-system
#16
Aline Piovezan Entringer, Márcia Pinto, Marcos Augusto Bastos Dias, Maria Auxiliadora de Souza Mendes Gomes
The purpose of this study was to conduct a cost-effectiveness analysis of spontaneous vaginal delivery and elective cesarean (with no clinical indication) for normal risk pregnant women, from the perspective of the Brazilian Unified National Health System. An analytical decision model was developed and included the choice of delivery mode and clinical consequences for mothers and newborns, from admission for delivery to hospital discharge. The reference population consisted of normal risk pregnant women with singleton, at-term gestations in cephalic position, subdivided into primiparas and multiparas with prior uterine scar...
May 10, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767917/puerperae-bonding-with-their-children-and-labor-experiences
#17
Lara Helk Souza, Zaida Aurora Sperli Geraldes Soler, Maria de Lourdes Sperli Geraldes Santos, Natália Sperli Geraldes Marin Dos Santos Sasaki
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the degree of bonding of puerperae with their babies, both in isolation and associated with experiences during and after labor. METHODS: A cross-sectional study carried out among 200 puerperae in São José do Rio Preto, Brazil. To evaluate the mother-child bond, we used the Mother-to-Infant Bonding Scale (MIBS). RESULTS: The mean age of puerperae was 26.4 years; most women were white (60.0%), were married (87.5%), and had an elementary education (51...
October 2017: Investigación y Educación en Enfermería
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767403/predicting-the-influence-of-situational-and-immigration-stress-on-latino-day-laborers-workplace-injuries-an-exploratory-structural-equation-model
#18
Maria Eugenia Fernández-Esquer, Kathryn R Gallardo, Pamela M Diamond
Latino day laborers are a socially and economically marginalized immigrant population with a high risk of occupational injury. These workers confront multiple social, psychological, and environmental hardships that increase their risk for adverse health outcomes. How these stressors interact and influence work-related injuries in this population remains unclear. We conducted an exploratory study with 327 Latino day laborers who completed a community survey. We developed a structural equation model, using cross-sectional data to explore the relationships among socioeconomic status, situational and immigration stress, depression, work risk exposure, and occupational injury...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766619/universal-infant-health-interventions-and-young-adult-outcomes
#19
Miriam Wüst, Erik Lykke Mortensen, Merete Osler, Thorkild I A Sørensen
Three recent studies have documented short- and long-run benefits of early-infancy health interventions in Norway, Sweden, and Denmark: Universal nurse home visiting (NHV) and well-baby center care decreased infant mortality and positively impacted long-run survival (DK, S), morbidity (DK, N), and educational and labor market outcomes (N). Using Danish conscription data, this paper examines intermediate outcomes to assess both potential mechanisms and the importance of selective survival for the long-run health effects of NHV...
May 16, 2018: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766152/undesired-effect-of-excessive-betamethasone-administration-during-pregnancy-a-rare-case
#20
Alireza Mirzaei, Solmaz Piri, Kaveh Gharanizadeh, Mozhdeh Zabihiyeganeh
Background: Postpartum bilateral femoral neck fracture (BFNF) is a rare condition. We here report a case of BFNF due to excessive corticosteroid consumption, twin pregnancy, immobility, and vitamin D deficiency. Case: This is a report of a 32-yr-old woman with bilateral femoral insufficiency fracture five days after emergency cesarean section due to preterm labor, twin pregnancy, and the history of a previous cesarean section at 33 wk. Antenatal repeated courses of betamethasone injections for fetal lung maturity, daily oral use of prednisolone for the history of miscarriage, immobilization, and vitamin D deficiency were the important contributing factors in her past medical history and lab investigations...
March 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
keyword
keyword
9367
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"