keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Labor

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215053/-the-first-intervention-is-leaving-home-reasons-for-electing-an-out-of-hospital-birth-among-minnesotan-mothers
#1
Helen Hazen
The Twin Cities, Minnesota has seen a recent increase in the number of mothers seeking an out-of-hospital birth. This research uses in-depth interviews with 24 mothers who intended an out-of-hospital birth in the previous two years, exploring their reasons for pursuing an alternative approach to birth. For many women an out-of-hospital birth fits within a philosophy that rejects the pathologizing of birth. Escaping rigid hospital protocols is seen as critical to avoiding what many mothers described as unnecessary interventions...
February 18, 2017: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214745/rapid-detection-and-quantification-of-enterovirus-71-by-a-portable-surface-plasmon-resonance-biosensor
#2
Briliant Adhi Prabowo, Robert Y L Wang, Muhammad Khari Secario, Po-Ting Ou, Azharul Alom, Jia-Jung Liu, Kou-Chen Liu
This study presents the first report on a label-free detection and rapid quantification method for human enterovirus 71 (EV71) using a portable surface plasmon resonance (SPR) system. The SPR sensor instrument was configured to run on low power in a miniaturized platform to improve the device portability for a wider application both in laboratories and in the field. A color tunable organic light emitting diode in red spectrum was attached on a trapezoidal prism for the disposable light source module. The SPR signal processing using integration area under the reflectivity curve is applied for optimum signal to noise ratio (SNR) enhancement...
January 21, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213301/mental-retirement-and-health-selection-analyses-from-the-u-s-health-and-retirement-study
#3
Sean A P Clouston, Nicole Denier
BACKGROUND: Research has recently suggested that retirement may decrease cognitive engagement, resulting in cognitive aging. Few studies have systematically documented whether or how selectivity into retirement shapes the relationship between retirement and cognitive aging. METHODS: We draw on data from the Health and Retirement Study (1998-2012) to examine the relationship between cognition and retirement for 18,575 labor force participants. Longitudinal regression discontinuity modeling was used to examine performance and decline in episodic memory...
January 22, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213060/prediction-of-cesarean-delivery-in-the-term-nulliparous-woman-results-from-the-prospective-multi-center-genesis-study
#4
Naomi Burke, Gerard Burke, Fionnuala Breathnach, Fionnuala Mcauliffe, John J Morrison, Michael Turner, Samina Dornan, John R Higgins, Amanda Cotter, Michael Geary, Peter Mcparland, Sean Daly, Fiona Cody, Pat Dicker, Elizabeth Tully, Fergal D Malone
BACKGROUND: In contemporary practice many nulliparous women require intervention during childbirth such as operative vaginal delivery or Cesarean delivery (CD). Despite the knowledge that the rising CD rate is associated with increasing maternal age, obesity and larger infant birthweight, we lack a reliable method to predict the requirement for such potentially hazardous obstetric procedures during labor and delivery. This issue is important as there are higher rates of morbidity and mortality associated with unplanned CD performed in labor compared to scheduled Cesarean deliveries...
February 14, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212958/economic-evaluations-comparing-a-trial-of-labor-with-an-elective-repeat-cesarean-delivery-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Anna Joy Rogers, Nathaniel G Rogers, Meredith L Kilgore, Akila Subramaniam, Lorie M Harper
BACKGROUND: For women who have had a previous low transverse cesarean delivery, the decision to undergo a trial of labor after cesarean (TOLAC) or an elective repeat cesarean delivery (ERCD) has important clinical and economic ramifications. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of the alternative choices of a TOLAC and an ERCD for women with low-risk, singleton gestation pregnancies. METHODS: We searched EMBASE, MEDLINE, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, EconLit, and the Cost-Effectiveness Analysis Registry with no language, publication, or date restrictions up until October 2015...
January 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212711/advances-in-clinical-mass-spectrometry
#6
D French
Although mass spectrometry has been used clinically for decades, the advent of immunoassay technology moved the clinical laboratory to more labor saving automated platforms requiring little if any sample preparation. It became clear, however, that immunoassays lacked sufficient sensitivity and specificity necessary for measurement of certain analytes or for measurement of analytes in specific patient populations. This limitation prompted clinical laboratories to revisit mass spectrometry which could additionally be used to develop assays for which there was no commercial source...
2017: Advances in Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212625/prevalence-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-associated-factors-among-visceral-leishmaniasis-infected-patients-in-northwest-ethiopia-a-facility-based-cross-sectional-study
#7
Mekuriaw Alemayehu, Mamo Wubshet, Nebiyu Mesfin, Abebaw Gebayehu
BACKGROUND: Visceral Leishmaniasis coinfection with HIV/AIDS has emerged as a series of disease pattern. It most often results in unfavorable responses to treatment, frequent relapses, and deaths. Scarce data is available regarding the prevalence of HIV and associated factors among Visceral Leishmaniasis coinfected patients. This study sought to determine the prevalence of HIV and associated factors among Visceral Leishmaniasis infected patients. METHODS: Facility based cross-sectional study was conducted from October, 2015 to August, 2016 in Northwest Ethiopia...
February 17, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211833/an-anthropometric-study-of-serbian-metal-industry-workers
#8
S Omić, V K Spasojevic Brkić, T A Golubović, A Dj Brkić, M M Klarin
BACKGROUND: There are recent studies using new industrial workers' anthropometric data in different countries, but for Serbia such data are not available. OBJECTIVE: This study is the first anthropometric study of Serbian metal industry workers in the country, whose labor force is increasingly employed both on local and international markets. The metal industry is one of Serbia's most important economic sectors. METHODS: To this end, we collected the basic static anthropometric dimensions of 122 industrial workers and used principal components analysis (PCA) to obtain multivariate anthropometric models...
February 17, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210714/fetal-cholelithiasis-antenatal-diagnosis-and-neonatal-follow-up-in-a-case-of-twin-pregnancy-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
Yannick Hurni, Francesco Vigo, Begoña Lipp von Wattenwyl, Nicole Ochsenbein, Claudia Canonica
Fetal cholelithiasis is a rare finding during a third-trimester ultrasound with an average incidence rate of 0.07-1.15%. We report a case of fetal cholelithiasis in twins, observed in a patient with monochorionic diamniotic twin pregnancy hospitalized at our unit for signs of premature labor. We present the outcome of the 2 neonates with a clinical and sonographic follow-up. In addition, we offer a comprehensive review of the literature available to date.
February 2017: Ultrasound International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210635/combined-spinal-epidural-for-vaginal-delivery-in-a-parturient-with-takayasu-s-arteritis
#10
Sean Patrick Clifford, Paul Brian Mick, Brian Matthew Derhake
Takayasu's arteritis is a rare, progressive panendarteritis involving all layers of the arterial wall. This disease includes variable involvement of the aorta and its major branches. The most common complication with this condition is severe, uncontrolled hypertension, often leading to end organ dysfunction. We describe the management of a 27-year-old woman diagnosed with Takayasu's arteritis that presented in labor with intense pain and underwent a combined spinal-epidural for anesthetic management. Per literature review, a combined spinal-epidural technique for planned vaginal delivery has not been described for a laboring Takayasu patient...
October 2016: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210497/onset-of-labor-in-post-term-pregnancy-by-chamomile
#11
Fereshte Gholami, Leila Neisani Samani, Maryam Kashanian, Mohsen Naseri, Agha Fateme Hosseini, Seyed Abbas Hashemi Nejad
BACKGROUND: Post-term pregnancy is an important factor in perinatal mortality and morbidity. Generally, to reduce perinatal mortality in pregnancy, the delivery is done before adverse perinatal morbidity occurs. To prevent prolonged pregnancy, labor is induced with chemical drugs and complementary therapies. Due to the side effects and contraindications of chemical medicine, the use of herbs has been investigated in the induction of labor in post-term pregnancy. OBJECTIVES: This study was done to identify the effect of chamomile on inducing labor in women with post-term pregnancy of Shahid Akbarabadi hospital in Tehran in 2013...
November 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209491/the-preterm-cervix-reveals-a-transcriptomic-signature-in-the-presence-of-premature-pre-labor-rupture-of-membranes
#12
Sofia Makieva, Aurelija Dubicke, Sara F Rinaldi, Emma Fransson, Gunvor Ekman-Ordeberg, Jane E Norman
BACKGROUND: Premature Pre-labor Rupture of Fetal Membranes (PPROM) accounts for 30% of all premature births and is associated with detrimental long-term infant outcomes. Premature cervical remodeling, facilitated by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), may trigger rupture at the zone of the fetal membranes overlying the cervix. The similarities and differences underlying cervical remodeling in PPROM and spontaneous preterm labor with intact membranes (PTL) are unexplored. OBJECTIVES: We aimed a) to perform the first transcriptomic assessment of the preterm human cervix to identify differences between PPROM and PTL and b) to compare the enzymatic activities of MMP-2 and 9 between PPROM and PTL...
February 13, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209209/perceived-quality-of-life-among-visceral-leishmaniasis-and-hiv-coinfected-migrant-male-workers-in-northwest-ethiopia-a-qualitative-study
#13
Mekuriaw Alemayehu, Mamo Wubshet, Nebiyu Mesfin, Abebaw Gebayehu
BACKGROUND: There is paucity of data on quality of life as a dimension of treatment outcome among Visceral Leishmaniasis and HIV coinfected patients. This study sought to explore perceived quality of life among Visceral Leishmaniasis and HIV coinfected male migrant workers in Northwest Ethiopia. METHODS: Twenty Visceral Leishmaniasis and HIV coinfected study participants took part in the in-depth interviews at Visceral Leishmaniasis and HIV treatment centers. Ten participants were on antiretroviral treatment (ART) and the remaining 10 have not yet started ART...
February 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208788/next-generation%C3%A2-sequencing-based%C3%A2-ribomethseq%C3%A2-protocol%C3%A2-for%C3%A2-analysis%C3%A2-of%C3%A2-trna%C3%A2-2-o-methylation
#14
Virginie Marchand, Florian Pichot, Kathrin Thüring, Lilia Ayadi, Isabel Freund, Alexander Dalpke, Mark Helm, Yuri Motorin
Analysis of RNA modifications by traditional physico-chemical approaches is labor  intensive,  requires  substantial  amounts  of  input  material  and  only  allows  site-by-site  measurements.  The  recent  development  of  qualitative  and  quantitative  approaches  based  on   next-generation sequencing (NGS) opens new perspectives for the analysis of various cellular RNA  species.  The  Illumina  sequencing-based  RiboMethSeq  protocol  was  initially  developed  and  successfully applied for mapping of ribosomal RNA (rRNA) 2'-O-methylations...
February 9, 2017: Biomolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208053/retrospective-cohort-study-of-hydrotherapy-in-labor
#15
Jennifer Vanderlaan
OBJECTIVE: To describe the use of hydrotherapy for pain management in labor. DESIGN: This was a retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Hospital labor and delivery unit in the Northwestern United States, 2006 through 2013. PARTICIPANTS: Women in a nurse-midwifery-managed practice who were eligible to use hydrotherapy during labor. METHODS: Descriptive statistics were used to report the proportion of participants who initiated and discontinued hydrotherapy and duration of hydrotherapy use...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207894/factors-influencing-feeding-practices-of-extreme-poor-infants-and-young-children-in-families-of-working-mothers-in-dhaka-slums-a-qualitative-study
#16
Ashraful Kabir, Mathilde Rose Louise Maitrot
BACKGROUND: Nutritional status differs between infants and young children living in slum and non-slum conditions-infants and young children living in City Corporation slums are likely to have worse nutritional status compared to those from non-slums. Furthermore, families in slums tend to engage female labor in cash-earning activities as a survival strategy; hence, a higher percentage of mothers stay at work. However, little is known about feeding practices for infants and young children in families with working mothers in slums...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207883/application-of-an-optimized-flow-cytometry-based-quantification-of-platelet-activation-pact-monitoring-platelet-activation-in-platelet-concentrates
#17
Cécile H Kicken, Mark Roest, Yvonne M C Henskens, Bas de Laat, Dana Huskens
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that flow cytometry is a reliable test to quantify platelet function in stored platelet concentrates (PC). It is thought that flow cytometry is laborious and hence expensive. We have optimized the flow cytometry-based quantification of agonist induced platelet activation (PACT) to a labor, time and more cost-efficient test. Currently the quality of PCs is only monitored by visual inspection, because available assays are unreliable or too laborious for use in a clinical transfusion laboratory...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207645/hazards-of-standard-epidural-test-dose-in-laboring-parturients
#18
Michael G Richardson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206877/the-quechers-approach-for-the-determination-of-pesticide-residues-in-soil-samples-an-overview
#19
Klaudia Pszczolińska, Monika Michel
Soil samples are complex matrixes; therefore, soil sample preparation is a critical step, and one that is usually expensive, time-consuming, and labor intensive. The quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe (QuEChERS) method, originally developed for the determination of pesticides in fruits and vegetables, has been recently modified and adopted for the analysis of pesticides in soil. This paper reviews all aspects of sample preparation, including extraction and clean-up, and describes the applications of conventional and modified QuEChERS techniques...
November 1, 2016: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206667/geometry-calibration-method-for-a-cone-beam-ct-system
#20
Hongkai Yang, Kejun Kang, Yuxiang Xing
PURPOSE: The positioning accuracy of each component is important to ensure the image quality of cone-beam CT. However, accurate positioning is not easy and requires experience and time. The option is to calibrate the geometric parameters and then plug them into a reconstruction algorithm which is the preferred solution in practice. In this case, the image quality is determined by the accuracy and precision of the calibration method. This work describes a method to independently calibrate an imaging system in each pose (projection angle) for a cone-beam CT with a non-ideal-circular trajectory...
February 16, 2017: Medical Physics
keyword
keyword
9367
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"