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cerebellar hematoma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527261/-posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-report-of-a-fatal-case-and-analysis-of-predictive-factors-of-a-poor-prognosis
#1
Moisés Ulises Torres, Ligia Victoria Delgado, Natalia Giraldo, Piedad Urueña, Sergio Franco, Olga Helena Hernández
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome is an illness with multiple causes and distinctive clinicalradiological characteristics that should be known by intensivists and emergency room physicians for a timely diagnosis and treatment. A fatal case of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome is presented, and the risk factors related to the outcome are identified.A 60-year-old man without a relevant medical history arrived at the emergency room presenting with depressed consciousness, seizures, and high blood pressure...
April 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484546/postoperative-hematoma-involving-brainstem-peduncles-cerebellum-deep-subcortical-white-matter-cerebral-hemispheres-following-chronic-subdural-hematoma-evacuation
#2
Mohana Rao Patibandla, Amit K Thotakura, Dinesh Shukla, Anirudh K Purohit, Gokul Chowdary Addagada, Manisha Nukavarapu
Among the intracranial hematomas, chronic subdural hematomas (CSDH) are the most benign with a mortality rate of 0.5-4.0%. The elderly and alcoholics are commonly affected by CSDH. Even though high percentage of CSDH patients improves after the evacuation, there are some unexpected potential complications altering the postoperative course with neurological deterioration. Poor outcome in postoperative period is due to complications like failure of brain to re-expand, recurrence of hematoma and tension pneumocephalus...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402473/cavernous-malformation-associated-with-arterialized-developmental-venous-anomaly-a-case-report
#3
Kenta Nakase, Yasushi Motoyama, Tokiko Nakai, Yasuhiro Takeshima, Ichiro Nakagawa, Young-Su Park, Chiho Ohbayashi, Hiroyuki Nakase
BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE: Formation of cavernous malformations (CMs) has been recognized to be associated with developmental venous anomaly (DVA) by many authors. Hemodynamic stress due to venous outflow restriction could be hypothesized as a cause. On the other hand, a rare subgroup of DVA with an arterial component has been reported as likely to hemorrhage or be symptomatic. Cases of arterialized DVAs reported previously have not been associated with the presence of CM. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: We present herein a case report of arterialized DVA in the brainstem with repeated cerebellar hemorrhage...
June 1, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397378/basal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-by-rupture-of-arteriovenous-malformation-at-the-cerebellopontine-angle
#4
Mio Takayama, Masayuki Kashiwagi, Kenji Hara, Aya Matsusue, Brian Waters, Natsuki Ikematsu, Shin-Ichi Kubo
A man in his late forties had lived as a recluse for more than ten years. He was found dead in his room. At autopsy, subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) was detected at the base of the brain, which weighed 1333 g. The cerebellar tonsil was swollen. The cerebral ventricle was enlarged and filled with blood. A hematoma was observed in the upper part of the left side of the cerebellar hemisphere. The location and size of SAH in this case indicated that the rupture of a cerebral aneurysm (CA) had occurred; however, CA was not detected...
April 10, 2017: Neuropathology: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Neuropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286278/spontaneous-cerebellar-hematoma-decision-making-in-conscious-adults
#5
Hazem M Alkosha, Nabil Mansour Ali
OBJECTIVE: To detect predictors of the clinical course and outcome of cerebellar hematoma in conscious patients, that may help in decision-making. METHODS: This study entails retrospective and prospective review and collection of the demographic, clinical and radiological data of 92 patients with cerebellar hematoma presented conscious and initially treated conservatively. Primary outcome was deterioration below GCS 14 and secondary outcome was GOS score at discharge and 3 months later...
March 9, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273059/effect-of-admission-hyperglycemia-on-6-month-functional-outcome-in-patients-with-spontaneous-cerebellar-hemorrhage
#6
Chuanyuan Tao, Xin Hu, Jiajing Wang, Chao You
BACKGROUND Cerebellar hemorrhage (CH) has a quite different treatment strategy and prognostic factors compared with supratentorial intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). The prognostic role of hyperglycemia has been discussed mainly in cases of supratentorial hemorrhage; it remains to be elucidated following CH. We aimed to determine the association of hyperglycemia on admission with 6-month functional outcome in CH patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS We retrospectively analyzed 77 patients with acute CH between September 2010 and April 2015 in West China Hospital...
March 8, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260292/-anatomy-and-management-of-superior-petrosal-vein-in-microvascular-decompression-for-trigeminal-neuralgia
#7
Y M Yang, Z W Wang, Z Cui, H Z Jiang, C Sha, Q G Yuan, H W Xie, D M Wang
Objective: To investigate the characteristics of superior petrosal vein (SPV) and its influence on the surgical field in microvascular decompression (MVD) for trigeminal neuralgia (TN), and to analyze the effect of the surgical treatment of SPV on the surgical approach, indication and prognosis. Methods: The clinical data of 280 patients with trigeminal neuralgia between Jan. 2013 and Jun. 2016 were collected, including the trunks and the branches of SPV, intraoperative electrocoagulation status, the surgery outcome and complications...
February 21, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226284/does-suboccipital-decompression-and-evacuation-of-intraparenchymal-hematoma-improve-neurological-outcome-in-patients-with-spontaneous-cerebellar-hemorrhage
#8
Katharina A M Hackenberg, Andreas W Unterberg, Carla S Jung, Julian Bösel, Silvia Schönenberger, Klaus Zweckberger
OBJECTIVE: Spontaneous cerebellar hemorrhages (SCH) can lead to life-threatening complications with high mortality rates of 20-50%. Although complications of SCH can be prevented by surgical therapy, there is a lack of consensus concerning the optimal surgical technique for evacuating SCH. METHODS: In this retrospective study 85 patients with SCH were divided into four treatment groups: (1) Decompression and Hematoma Evacuation via suboccipital craniectomy and removal of the posterior arch of C1 (DHE)...
April 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164124/characteristics-of-hemorrhagic-stroke-following-spine-and-joint-surgeries
#9
REVIEW
Fei Yang, Jianning Zhao, Haidong Xu
Hemorrhagic stroke can occur after spine and joint surgeries such as laminectomy, lumbar spinal fusion, tumor resection, and total joint arthroplasty. Although this kind of stroke rarely happens, it may cause severe consequences and high mortality rates. Typical clinical symptoms of hemorrhagic stroke after spine and joint surgeries include headache, vomiting, consciousness disturbance, and mental disorders. It can happen several hours after surgeries. Most bleeding sites are located in cerebellar hemisphere and temporal lobe...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861178/use-of-prothrombin-complex-concentrate-for-warfarin-reversal-before-the-performance-of-an-epidural-blood-patch-in-a-patient-with-cortical-vein-thrombosis-and-subdural-hematoma-a-case-report
#10
Kallol Chaudhuri, Cooper W Phillips, Swapna Chaudhuri, John Wasnick
Compared to conventional therapy, several studies with prothrombin complex concentrate (PCC) have recently demonstrated its superior efficacy in rapidly replacing vitamin K-dependent factors for patients with life-threatening hemorrhage. We present a novel use of PCC in a patient with intracranial hypotension, who had received warfarin for treatment of cortical vein thrombosis. However, after anticoagulation, she proceeded to develop bilateral subdural hematomas with descent of cerebellar tonsils. Given the possibility of an occult dural puncture during labor analgesia, an epidural blood patch was performed after administration of PCC and normalization of coagulation parameters, with prompt improvement of the patient's headache...
January 15, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848124/reversible-cerebral-vasoconstriction-syndrome-and-posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-associated-with-intracranial-hypotension
#11
Katharina Feil, Robert Forbrig, Franziska S Thaler, Julian Conrad, Suzette Heck, Franziska Dorn, Hans-Walter Pfister, Andreas Straube
BACKGROUND: Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) and posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) are both rare disorders. The pathophysiology of both diseases is not yet fully understood. METHODS: We report the unique case of a 19-year-old comatose woman who was brought to the ER after a series of generalized tonic-clonic seizures 6 days post peridural anesthesia for cesarean section. Vital signs and initial laboratory testing including urine analysis and drug screening were unremarkable...
February 2017: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734209/fatal-complications-following-microvascular-decompression-could-it-be-avoided-and-salvaged
#12
Lei Xia, Ming-Xing Liu, Jun Zhong, Ning-Ning Dou, Bin Li, Hui Sun, Shi-Ting Li
Although the microvascular decompression (MVD) surgery has become an effective remedy for cranial nerve rhizopathies, it is still challengeable and may result in a fatal sequel sometimes. Therefore, the operative skill needs to be further highlighted with emphasis on the safety and a preplan for management of postoperative fatal complications should be established. We retrospectively analyzed 6974 cases of MVD. Postoperatively, 46 patients (0.66 %) presented decline in consciousness with a positive finger-nose test (or failure to be tested) after wake up from the anesthesia, whom were focused on in this study...
October 12, 2016: Neurosurgical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695558/delayed-intracerebellar-hemorrhage-secondary-to-lumboperitoneal-shunt-insertion
#13
Uygur Er, Çetin Akyol, Murad Bavbek
Aim of this paper is to present and discuss a case of a delayed cerebellar parenchymal hemorrhage developing after L/P shunt placement with a NPH patient. A hypertensive patient admitted to our clinic with a diagnosis of NPH. The patient was placed a pressure adjustable L/P shunt without any surgical complication. He was discharged with an uneventful period. The patient was admitted to the emergency clinic of our hospital with a 1.5 × 1.5 cm diameter hematoma at the left cerebellar hemisphere on 2 days after his discharge...
October 2016: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659814/application-of-a-compact-high-definition-exoscope-for-illumination-and-magnification-in-high-precision-surgical-procedures
#14
Kartik G Krishnan, Karsten Schöller, Eberhard Uhl
BACKGROUND: The basic necessities for surgical procedures are illumination, exposure, and magnification. These have undergone transformation in par with technology. One of the recent developments is the compact magnifying exoscope system. In this report, we describe the application of this system for surgical operations and discuss its advantages and pitfalls. METHODS: We used the ViTOM exoscope mounted on the mechanical holding arm. The following surgical procedures were conducted: lumbar and cervical spinal canal decompression (n = 5); laminotomy and removal of lumbar migrated disk herniations (n = 4); anterior cervical diskectomy and fusion (n = 1); removal of intraneural schwannomas (n = 2); removal of an acute cerebellar hemorrhage (n = 1); removal of a parafalcine atypical cerebral hematoma caused by a dural arteriovenous fistula (n = 1); and microsutures and anastomoses of a nerve (n = 1), an artery (n = 1), and veins (n = 2)...
January 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651956/epidural-anesthesia-complicated-by-subdural-hygromas-and-a-subdural-hematoma
#15
Christine Vien, Paul Marovic, Brendan Ingram
Inadvertent dural puncture during epidural anesthesia leads to intracranial hypotension, which if left unnoticed can cause life-threatening subdural hematomas or cerebellar tonsillar herniation. The highly variable presentation of intracranial hypotension hinders timely diagnosis and treatment. We present the case of a young laboring adult female, who developed subdural hygromas and a subdural hematoma following unintentional dural puncture during initiation of epidural anesthesia.
2016: Case Reports in Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500774/-the-paramedian-supracerebellar-transtentorial-approach-to-the-mediobasal-temporal-region
#16
Yu A Grigoryan, A R Sitnikov, A V Timoshenkov, G Yu Grigoryan
UNLABELLED: The mediobasal temporal region (MTR) is located near the brain stem and surrounded by the eloquent neurovascular structures. The supracerebellar transtentorial approach (STA) is safe access to the posterior MTR structures, however its use for resection of anterior MTR lesions still remains controversial. The article describes the technique and outcome of surgery for different MTR structures using STA. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The paramedian STA was used in 18 patients (13 females and 5 males) for 7 years...
2016: Zhurnal Voprosy Neĭrokhirurgii Imeni N. N. Burdenko
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27474010/diagnosis-and-follow-up-of-posterior-inferior-cerebellar-artery-dissection-complicated-with-ischemic-stroke-assisted-by-t1-vista-a-report-of-two-cases
#17
Koji Ishitsuka, Yusuke Sakaki, Shota Sakai, Takeshi Uwatoko, Hitoshi Aibe, Tetsuro Ago, Takanari Kitazono, Hiroshi Sugimori
BACKGROUND: Volume isotropic turbo spin-echo acquisition (VISTA) is a new method similar to the 3D black-blood imaging method that enables visualization of a intramural hematoma. T1-VISTA has recently been applied in the diagnosis of intracranial arterial dissection. However, the identification of an intramural hematoma in posterior inferior cerebellar dissection (PICA-D) by T1-VISTA has only rarely been reported. CASE PRESENTATION: We herein report two patients who suffered from PICA-D complicated with ischemic stroke...
July 29, 2016: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27401386/-cerebellar-hemangioblastoma-and-thrombocytopenia-report-of-one-case
#18
Santiago Patiño G
The association between vascular tumors and thrombocytopenia is rare. Kasabach-Merritt Syndrome is seen in childhood and is characterized by hemangiomas and thrombocytopenia. A 42 years-old man with a cerebellar hemangioblastoma and thrombocytopenia, admitted with a subarachnoid hemorrhage is reported. The patient was operated and required a splenectomy to manage the thrombocytopenia. After the splenectomy the patient developed a subdural hematoma that was operated. Despite the surgical treatment, the patient died...
April 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27338211/pseudoaneurysm-at-the-distal-posterior-inferior-cerebellar-artery-after-blunt-head-trauma-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Sung Ho Lee, Jong Un Moon, Seok Keun Choi, Man Kyu Choi, Juhie Lee, Ji-Youn Sung
BACKGROUND: Traumatic pseudoaneurysm of the distal posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) is extremely rare. We report our experience of a case of pseudoaneurysm that developed on the PICA after blunt trauma to the head. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 55-year-old woman was transferred to our emergency department presenting with a semicomatose mental status after falling to the floor from a standing position. Computed tomography showed a small intracerebral hemorrhage and subarachnoid hemorrhage in the cerebellum...
August 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27156511/-repeated-cerebellar-hemorrhage-related-to-rivaroxaban-and-apixaban-a-case-report
#20
Mio Yokoi, Yuichiro Toyama, Yuichiro Tsurusaki, Asako Nakamura, Youhei Mima, Takahiro Kuwashiro, Yoshiyuki Wakugawa, Masahiro Yasaka, Yasushi Okada
We report a case of repeated cerebral hemorrhage associated with administration of rivaroxaban and apixaban. A 74-year-old man had undergone catheter ablation for non-valvular paroxysmal atrial fibrillation in 2 years prior. Warfarin treatment was continued after successful catheter ablation, and was then changed to rivaroxaban in 1 year prior. Three months later, he developed subcortical cerebral hemorrhage in the right occipital lobe and pharmacotherapy was changed to apixaban. At the current presentation, he complained of headache and left visual field defect, and was admitted to our hospital...
May 2016: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
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