keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Dialyse

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901553/a-prediction-and-simulation-model-for-target-oriented-regional-citrate-calcium-anticoagulation-in-extracorporeal-blood-purification
#1
Martin Brandl, Karlheinz Kellner
AIMS: Regional citrate-calcium anticoagulation is becoming more and more attractive for extracorporeal treatments in the clinical routine. METHODS: A prediction and simulation tool for the safe application of RCA during extracorporeal treatments was introduced. The model predicts the course of the ionized calcium level in the patient and the current anticoagulation status in the extracorporeal circuit based on the actual settings of the dialysis machine. RESULTS: The simulation tool delivers areas in which the blood and dialysate flow can be adjusted to reach the desired target values for RCA and predicts the time course of several parameters during treatment...
November 29, 2016: International Journal of Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900965/effect-of-intraperitoneal-injection-of-sulodexide-on-peritoneal-function-and-albumin-leakage-in-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#2
Yosra Guedri, K Najla Damma, Melek Toumi, Wissal Sahtout, Awatef Azzabi, Sinda Mrabet, Safa Nouira, Dalila Saidane, Samira Amor, Anis Belarbia, Dorsaf Zellama, Abdellatif Achour
Peritoneal protein loss is one of the inevitable consequences during continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). Our objective was to study the effect of sulodexide on the protein loss and efficiency of dialysis. This study included six patients receiving CAPD treated with sulodexide at the dose of 600 IU/day given by intraperitoneal injection for 10 days. Clinical and biologic parameters were assessed before starting the treatment (D0 and after 10 days of treatment (D10. We also evaluated the benefit of therapy persisting 20 days after the end of treatment (D30...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899298/mechanisms-and-time-course-of-menthol-induced-cutaneous-vasodilation
#3
Daniel H Craighead, Nathaniel B McCartney, James H Tumlinson, Lacy M Alexander
Menthol is a vasoactive compound that is widely used in topical analgesic agents. Menthol induces cutaneous vasodilation, however the underlying mechanisms are unknown. Determining the rates of appearance and clearance of menthol in the skin is important for optimizing topical treatment formulation and dosing. The purpose of this study was to determine the mechanisms contributing to menthol-mediated cutaneous vasodilation and to establish a time course for menthol appearance/clearance in the skin. Ten young (23±1years, 5 males 5 females) subjects participated in two protocols...
November 26, 2016: Microvascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893682/peritoneal-dialysis-related-peritonitis-due-to-halomonas-hamiltonii-a-first-case-report
#4
Se Hwan Yeo, Jae Hoon Kwak, Yeo Un Kim, Jin Suk Lee, Hyo Jin Kim, Kyoung Hwa Park, Jung Sook Lee, Gyoung Yim Ha, Jeong Ho Lee, Jun Yeop Lee, Kyung Don Yoo
INTRODUCTION: Halomonas hamiltonii is a Gram-negative, halophilic, motile, and nonspore-forming rod bacterium. Although most Halomonas sp. are commonly found in saline environments, it has rarely been implicated as a cause of human infection. Herein, the authors present a case report of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD)-related peritonitis attributed to H hamiltonii. CASE PRESENTATION: An 82-year-old male patient who had been receiving CAPD therapy presented to an emergency department with complaints of abdominal pain and cloudy dialysate that had persisted for 2 days...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884309/would-prescribing-target-kt-dose-adjusted-for-body-surface-area-improve-hemodialysis-outcomes
#5
Ken Farrington, Andrew Davenport
The use of Kt/V to prescribe and monitor hemodialysis adequacy remains the current standard, although it is increasingly questioned. Alternative proposals for dose prescription and monitoring have been advocated. In a noninterventional, prospective study reported in this issue, Maduell et al., utilizing online ionic dialysance, explore the association between outcome measures (mortality and hospitalization rates) and the extent to which delivered Kt dose achieved minimal target Kt doses calculated from individual estimates of body surface area...
December 2016: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881607/bicarbonate-balance-and-prescription-in-esrd
#6
Matthew K Abramowitz
The optimal approach to managing acid-base balance is less well defined for patients receiving hemodialysis than for those receiving peritoneal dialysis. Interventional studies in hemodialysis have been limited and inconsistent in their findings, whereas more compelling data are available from interventional studies in peritoneal dialysis. Both high and low serum bicarbonate levels associate with an increased risk of mortality in patients receiving hemodialysis, but high values are a marker for poor nutrition and comorbidity and are often highly variable from month to month...
November 23, 2016: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878284/antitumor-effect-of-the-combination-of-manumycin%C3%A2-a-and-immodin-is-associated-with-antiplatelet-activity-and-increased-granulocyte-tumor-infiltration-in-a-4t1-breast-tumor-model
#7
Peter Solár, Veronika Sačková, Gabriela Hrčková, Vlasta Demečková, Monika Kassayová, Bianka Bojková, Dagmar Mudroňová, Soňa Gancarčíková, Rastislav Jendželovský, Peter Fedoročko
Manumycin A is a natural antibiotic isolated from Streptomyces parvulus with broad range of biological activities including antineoplastic activity in several in vitro and in vivo cancer models. Immodin [dialyzable leukocyte extract (DLE)] is a dialysate released from disintegrated blood leukocytes of healthy donors which exerts immunonormalizing effects on cell-mediated immune responses. The aim of the present study was to explore the antitumor potential of the combination of manumycin A and Immodin in an experimental breast cancer model...
November 22, 2016: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878114/efficacy-of-biofilm-removal-from-hemodialysis-piping
#8
Yutaka Isakozawa, Heihachi Migita, Shingo Takesawa
BACKGROUND: Central dialysate fluid delivery systems (CDDS) are used by dialysis centers in Japan, and although these systems are effective at delivering dialysate, they have a complex piping network with numerous sites where contamination can develop. In Japan, cleaning disinfectants have been clinically evaluated based on endotoxin levels and bacterial counts, but there have been no published studies evaluating the biofilm removal efficacy of these agents at the electron microscope level...
September 2016: Nephro-urology Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876356/-low-flux-dialysate-daily-home-hemodialysis-a-result-for-the-62%C3%A2-first-french-and-belgian-patients
#9
Anaïs Benabed, Patrick Henri, Thierry Lobbedez, Eric Goffin, Simona Baluta, Abdelkader Benziane, Ahmed Rachi, Johan W van der Pijl, Clémence Bechade, Maxence Ficheux
Since 2011, a new device is available for low flux dialysate quotidian home hemodialysis in France and Belgium. This study aims to evaluate the characteristics and dialysis prescriptions for Nx Stage System One™ users. We retrospectively included patients trained between 2011 and 2013 in France and Belgium. We collected data concerning their clinical features, their dialysis prescriptions, their laboratory parameters until 6 months of dialysis and, reason for dropping in case of cessation. Sixty-two patients from 31 centers, aged 48±18 years old, with a sex ratio 46/16 (M/F) are included with a median Charlson comorbidity index of 1 [0-3]...
November 18, 2016: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870228/dialysate-bacterial-endotoxin-as-a-prognostic-indicator-of-peritoneal-dialysis-related-peritonitis
#10
Cheuk-Chun Szeto, Ka-Bik Lai, Kai-Ming Chow, Bonnie Ching-Ha Kwan, Man-Ching Law, Wing-Fai Pang, Terry King-Wing Ma, Chi-Bon Leung, Philip Kam-Tao Li
Peritonitis is the major complication of peritoneal dialysis (PD). The aim of our present study is to explore the prognostic value of endotoxin level in PD effluent for the prediction of treatment failure in PD-related peritonitis. We studied 325 peritonitis episodes in 223 patients. PD effluent (PDE) was collected every 5 days for endotoxin level and leukocyte count. Patients were followed for relapsing or recurrent peritonitis. We found 20 episodes (6.2%) had primary treatment failure; 41 (12.6%) developed relapsing, 19 (5...
December 2016: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867039/peritoneal-dialysis-effluent-mir-21-and-mir-589-levels-correlate-with-longitudinal-change-in-peritoneal-transport-characteristics
#11
Cheuk-Chun Szeto, Kai-Ming Chow, Bonnie Ching-Ha Kwan, Phyllis Mei-Shan Cheng, Cathy Choi-Wan Luk, Jack Kit-Chung Ng, Man-Ching Law, Chi-Bon Leung, Philip Kam-Tao Li
BACKGROUND: The role of microRNA (miRNA) in peritoneal fibrosis and longitudinal change in transport is uncertain. METHODS: We studied 80 new peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. Peritoneal transport was determined by standard peritoneal equilibration test (PET) of creatinine at baseline. Based on published literature, PD effluent levels of 10 miRNA targets were quantified. PET and miRNA quantification were repeated one year later in 46 patients. RESULTS: Baseline PD effluent levels of all targets tested had modest but significant correlation with peritoneal transport parameters...
November 17, 2016: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866964/dialysate-potassium-serum-potassium-mortality-and-arrhythmia-events-in-hemodialysis-results-from-the-dialysis-outcomes-and-practice-patterns-study-dopps
#12
Angelo Karaboyas, Jarcy Zee, Steven M Brunelli, Len A Usvyat, Daniel E Weiner, Franklin W Maddux, Allen R Nissenson, Michel Jadoul, Francesco Locatelli, Wolfgang C Winkelmayer, Friedrich K Port, Bruce M Robinson, Francesca Tentori
BACKGROUND: Sudden death is a leading cause of death in patients on maintenance hemodialysis therapy. During hemodialysis sessions, the gradient between serum and dialysate levels results in rapid electrolyte shifts, which may contribute to arrhythmias and sudden death. Controversies exist about the optimal electrolyte concentration in the dialysate; specifically, it is unclear whether patient outcomes differ among those treated with a dialysate potassium concentration of 3 mEq/L compared to 2 mEq/L...
November 17, 2016: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866963/interdialytic-weight-gain-trends-predictors-and-associated-outcomes-in-the-international-dialysis-outcomes-and-practice-patterns-study-dopps
#13
Michelle M Y Wong, Keith P McCullough, Brian A Bieber, Juergen Bommer, Manfred Hecking, Nathan W Levin, William M McClellan, Ronald L Pisoni, Rajiv Saran, Francesca Tentori, Tadashi Tomo, Friedrich K Port, Bruce M Robinson
BACKGROUND: High interdialytic weight gain (IDWG) is associated with adverse outcomes in hemodialysis (HD) patients. We identified temporal and regional trends in IDWG, predictors of IDWG, and associations of IDWG with clinical outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Analysis 1: sequential cross-sections to identify facility- and patient-level predictors of IDWG and their temporal trends. Analysis 2: prospective cohort study to assess associations between IDWG and mortality and hospitalization risk...
November 17, 2016: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864055/gastroprotective-effect-and-chemical-characterization-of-a-polysaccharide-fraction-from-leaves-of-croton-cajucara
#14
Adamara M Nascimento, Daniele Maria-Ferreira, Evana Figueiredo J de Souza, Lauro M de Souza, Guilherme L Sassaki, Marcello Iacomini, Maria Fernanda de P Werner, Thales R Cipriani
Croton cajucara Benth. is a tree from the Amazon Forest, where it is known as sacaca. Its leaves and barks are used in medicinal preparations to treat different diseases, including gastric ulcers. The crude polysaccharide fraction (CCP), obtained from the hot aqueous extract of C. cajucara leaves, was able to promote gastroprotection on an ethanol induced gastric ulcer model. Therefore, a bioguided fractionation was performed to isolate the active polysaccharide fraction. After freezing-thawing, ultrafiltration and dialyses at 100, 50, and 25kDa cut-off membranes, fraction 25R was obtained...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863896/-chronic-kidney-disease-and-dyslipidaemia
#15
Vicente Pascual, Adalberto Serrano, Juan Pedro-Botet, Juan Ascaso, Vivencio Barrios, Jesús Millán, Xavier Pintó, Aleix Cases
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has to be considered as a high, or even very high risk cardiovascular risk condition, since it leads to an increase in cardiovascular mortality that continues to increase as the disease progresses. An early diagnosis of CKD is required, together with an adequate identification of the risk factors, in order to slow down its progression to more severe states, prevent complications, and to delay, whenever possible, the need for renal replacement therapy. Dyslipidaemia is a factor of the progression of CKD that increases the risk in developing atherosclerosis and its complications...
November 15, 2016: Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859427/citrate-buffered-dialysis-solution-citrasate-allows-avoidance-of-anticoagulation-during-intermittent-hemodiafiltration-at-the-cost-of-decreased-performance-and-systemic-biocompatibility
#16
Pavlina Richtrova, Jan Mares, Lukas Kielberger, Ladislav Trefil, Jaromir Eiselt, Tomas Reischig
Reportedly, citrate-based dialysis solution enables heparin dose tapering or even complete exclusion, particularly in postdilution hemodiafiltration (HDF). The aim of the study was to verify this strategy in predilution setting and to assess its short-term safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility. Ten regular hemodialysis patients were assigned to predilution HDF on acetate- and citrate-based dialysis solutions (0.8 mmol/l trisodium citrate) at random order. Acetate HDF was performed using routine dose of heparin while citrate HDF was heparin free...
November 10, 2016: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857008/-the-effect-of-dialysate-flow-rate-on-dialysis-adequacy-and-fatigue-in-hemodialysis-patients
#17
Sun Mi Cha, Hye Sook Min
PURPOSE: In this single repeated measures study, an examination was done on the effects of dialysate flow rate on dialysis adequacy and fatigue in patients receiving hemodialysis. METHODS: This study was a prospective single center study in which repeated measures analysis of variance were used to compare Kt/V urea (Kt/V) and urea reduction ratio (URR) as dialysis adequacy measures and level of fatigue at different dialysate flow rates: twice as fast as the participant's own blood flow, 500 mL/min, and 700 mL/min...
October 2016: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851600/1966-amikacin-pharmacokinetics-during-high-dialysate-flow-on-continuous-venovenous-hemodialysis
#18
Alison Merkel, Cassandra Bellamy, Dan Negoianu, Christina Candeloro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848064/the-carbon-footprints-of-home-and-in-center-peritoneal-dialysis-in-china
#19
Mindong Chen, Rong Zhou, Chongbo Du, Fulei Meng, Yanli Wang, Liping Wu, Fang Wang, Yahong Xu, Xiufen Yang
OBJECTIVE: The provision of healthcare itself is associated with abundant greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This study aims to determine the carbon footprints of peritoneal dialysis (PD) with the different modalities and treatment regimes. METHODS: A total of 68 subjects performed with PD treatment were enrolled in this study. Emissions factors were applied to data that were collected for energy consumption, travel, and procurement. RESULTS: The carbon footprints generated by the provision of PD treatment for the individual patient were calculated and normalized to a 2-l PD dialysate volume...
November 15, 2016: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837150/il-6-trans-signaling-links-inflammation-with-angiogenesis-in-the-peritoneal-membrane
#20
Rusan Catar, Janusz Witowski, Nan Zhu, Christian Lücht, Alicia Derrac Soria, Javier Uceda Fernandez, Lei Chen, Simon A Jones, Ceri A Fielding, Andras Rudolf, Nicholas Topley, Duska Dragun, Achim Jörres
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is implicated in the peritoneal membrane remodeling that limits ultrafiltration in patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD). Although the exact mechanism of VEGF induction in PD is unclear, VEGF concentrations in drained dialysate correlate with IL-6 levels, suggesting a link between these cytokines. Human peritoneal mesothelial cells (HPMCs), the main source of IL-6 and VEGF in the peritoneum, do not bear the cognate IL-6 receptor and are thus unable to respond to classic IL-6 receptor signaling...
November 11, 2016: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
keyword
keyword
9364
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"