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Nutrition pediatric cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317383/research-and-practice-based-nutrition-education-and-cooking-workshops-in-pediatric-oncology-protocol-for-implementation-and-development-of-curriculum
#1
Cynthia Chaput, Sabrina Beaulieu-Gagnon, Véronique Bélanger, Simon Drouin, Laurence Bertout, Lucie Lafrance, Cinthia Olivier, Marthe Robitaille, Caroline Laverdière, Daniel Sinnett, Marie Marquis, Valérie Marcil
BACKGROUND: Progresses in childhood cancer treatment, diagnosis, and management have resulted in childhood cancer survival rates of over 80%. However, this therapeutic success comes with a heavy price: two-thirds of childhood cancer survivors will be affected by further complications, including cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. Adequate nutrition during cancer treatment is essential to ensure the child's optimal development, improve tolerance to treatments, and can contribute to lower the risk of developing cardiometabolic diseases...
January 9, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280669/-home-and-ambulatory-artificial-nutrition-nadya-group-report-home-parenteral-nutrition-in-spain-2016
#2
Carmina Wanden-Berghe Lozano, Nuria Virgili Casas, Esther Ramos Boluda, Cristina Cuerda Compés, José Manuel Moreno Villares, José Luis Pereira Cunill, Carmen Gómez Candela, Rosa Burgos Peláez, Mª Ángeles Penacho Lázaro, Antonio Pérez de la Cruz, Julia Álvarez Hernández, Montserrat Gonzalo Marín, Pilar Matía Martín, Ceferino Martínez Faedo, Eva Ángeles Sánchez Martos, Alejandro Sanz Paris, Cristina Campos Martín, Tomás Martín Folgueras, M Ángela Martín Palmero, María de Los Ángeles Martín Fontalba, Luis Miguel Luengo Pérez, Ana Zugasti Murillo, María José Martínez Ramírez, Fátima Carabaña Pérez, Cecilia Martínez Costa, Patricia Díaz Guardiola, Cristina Tejera Pérez, Rosa Mª Parés Marimón, José Antonio Irles Rocamora, Carmen Garde Orbaiz, Miguel Ángel Ponce González, María Victoria García Zafra, Rebeca Sánchez Sánchez, Juan Ramón Urgeles Planella, Antxón Apezetxea Celaya, Olga Sánchez-Vilar Burdiel, Clara Joaquín Ortiz, José Pablo Suárez Llanos, Begoña Pintor de la Maza, Pere Leyes García, Mª Carmen Gil Martínez, Silvia Mauri Roca, María José Carrera Santaliestra
OBJECTIVE: To communicate HPN data obtained from the HPN registry of the NADYA-SENPE group (www.nadya-senpe.com) for the year 2016. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Descriptive analysis of the data collected from adult and pediatric patients with HPN in the NADYA-SENPE group registry from January 1st, 2016 to December 31st, 2016. RESULTS: There were 286 patients from 42 Spanish hospitals (54.2% women), 34 children and 252 adults, with 294 episodes, which represent a prevalence rate of 6...
November 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273940/investigation-of-clostridium-difficile-ribotypes-in-symptomatic-patients-of-a-german-pediatric-oncology-center
#3
Arne Simon, Markus Mock, Norbert Graf, Lutz von Müller
In a German pediatric oncology unit, the attending physicians diagnosed 27 cases of Clostridium difficile-associated disease (CDI) from January 01, 2010 to October 31, 2013. This refers to a CDI incidence density of 2.0/1000 inpatient days. According to the hospital hygiene standard, symptomatic patients with CDI were kept in contact isolation. Most patients (median age 8.2 years) suffered from acute lymphoblastic leukemia; 88.9% were treated with broad-spectrum antibiotics during the preceding 4 weeks. 29...
December 22, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145841/rehabilitation-for-cancer-patients-at-black-lion-hospital-addis-ababa-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Teshager Worku, Zuriash Mengistu, Agumasie Semahegn, Gezahegn Tesfaye
BACKGROUND: In Ethiopia, there were greater than 2000 adult and 200 pediatric cancer patients annually in 2010, but the estimated number of cancer patients were increasing. Oncologic rehabilitation treatment may result in improved physical and mental impairment. There is a paucity of information about rehabilitation service utilization among cancer patients in Ethiopia. Hence, the purpose of this study was to assess the rehabilitation service for cancer patient and associated factors at Black Lion hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia...
November 16, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130701/patient-generated-subjective-global-assessment-of-nutritional-status-in-pediatric-patients-with-recent-cancer-diagnosis
#5
Mayra Jezabel Vázquez de la Torre, Katja Stein, Edgar Manuel Vásquez Garibay, Miguel Roberto Kumazawa Ichikawa, Rogelio Troyo Sanromán, Alicia Guadalupe Salcedo Flores, Fernando Antonio Sánchez Zubieta
BACKGROUND: The subjective global assessment (SGA) is a simple, sensitive tool used to identify nutritional risk. It is widely used in the adult population, but there is little evidence on its effectiveness in children with cancer. OBJECTIVE: This cross-sectional study was undertaken to demonstrate significant correlation between a simplified version of the Patient-Generated SGA (PG-SGA) and anthropometric assessment to identify nutritional status in children recently diagnosed with cancer...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915337/the-cost-and-cost-effectiveness-of-childhood-cancer-treatment-in-el-salvador-central-america-a-report-from-the-childhood-cancer-2030-network
#6
Soad Fuentes-Alabi, Nickhill Bhakta, Roberto Franklin Vasquez, Sumit Gupta, Susan E Horton
BACKGROUND: Although previous studies have examined the cost of treating individual childhood cancers in low-income and middle-income countries, to the authors' knowledge none has examined the overall cost and cost-effectiveness of operating a childhood cancer treatment center. Herein, the authors examined the cost and sources of financing of a pediatric cancer unit in Hospital Nacional de Ninos Benjamin Bloom in El Salvador, and make estimates of cost-effectiveness. METHODS: Administrative data regarding costs and volumes of inputs were obtained for 2016 for the pediatric cancer unit...
September 15, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830607/partnership-of-the-sociedade-brasileira-de-oncologia-pedi%C3%A3-trica-and-international-society-of-pediatric-oncology-to-improve-nutritional-care-for-children-with-cancer-in-brazil
#7
Karina Viani, Vicente Odone Filho, Sima Ferman, Teresa Cristina Cardoso Fonseca, Vanessa da Cunha Oliveira, Priscila Dos Santos Maia Lemos, Ronald D Barr, Elena J Ladas
The authors present a proposal of a partnership between the Sociedade Brasileira de Oncologia Pediátrica (SOBOPE) and the International Society of Pediatric Oncology (SIOP) to promote the standardization and improvement of nutritional care of kids under cancer treatment in Brazil. The results of the first meeting in Brazil as well as plans for future meetings are described.
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800318/mir-513c-suppresses-neuroblastoma-cell-migration-invasion-and-proliferation-through-direct-targeting-glutaminase-gls
#8
Hong-Liang Xia, Yao Lv, Chun-Wei Xu, Ming-Cui Fu, Ting Zhang, Xiang-Ming Yan, Shu Dai, Qian-Wei Xiong, Yun Zhou, Jian Wang, Xu Cao
Neuroblastoma is a brain malignancy of childhood and accounts for 7-10% of childhood cancers, leading to approximately 15% of pediatric cancer deaths. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a family of short (about 18-25 nucleotides), noncoding and single stranded endogenous RNAs, which complementarily bind to the 3' untranslated regions of their target genes. Recently, glutamine metabolism has been recognized as an important nutrition source for tumor cells, and hence targeting glutamine metabolism could benefit to development of anti-cancer agents...
July 2, 2017: Cancer Biomarkers: Section A of Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678086/surgical-feeding-tubes-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-cancer-patients-a-single-institution-retrospective-review
#9
Emma C Hamilton, Thomas Curtin, Rebecca S Slack, Christine Ge, Austen D Slade, Andrea Hayes-Jordan, Kevin P Lally, Mary T Austin
The purpose of our study was to evaluate surgical enteric access in pediatric cancer patients to determine factors associated with postoperative complications. We performed a single-institution retrospective review of all patients below 21 years old with a primary cancer diagnosis who underwent surgical procedures for enteral access between 2004 and 2014. Multivariate logistic regression was performed to determine independent predictors of postoperative complications. During the study period, 122 patients had surgically placed feeding tubes, of whom 58% developed ≥1 complication(s) and 16% experienced a major complication...
October 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502446/pancreatic-disorders
#10
REVIEW
Aliye Uc, Douglas S Fishman
Once considered uncommon, pancreatic diseases are increasingly recognized in the pediatric age group. Acute pancreatitis, acute recurrent pancreatitis, and chronic pancreatitis occur in children with an incidence approaching that of adults. Risk factors are broad, prompting the need for a completely different diagnostic and therapeutic approach in children. Although cystic fibrosis remains the most common cause of exocrine pancreatic insufficiency, other causes such as chronic pancreatitis may be as common as Shwachman Diamond syndrome...
June 2017: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469510/a-study-of-use-of-port-catheter-in-patients-with-cancer-a-single-center-experience
#11
Irappa Madabhavi, Apurva Patel, Malay Sarkar, Asha Anand, Harsha Panchal, Sonia Parikh
BACKGROUND: Effective and reliable venous access is one of the cornerstones of modern medical therapy in oncology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a prospective observational study, which collected data of patients who require "PORT" catheter insertion for any cancer, at a tertiary care oncology hospital in Ahmadabad, Gujarat, India, during a 2-year period. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The main objective of this study was to study the various complications and outcomes related to "PORT" catheters...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449403/effects-of-malnutrition-on-treatment-related-morbidity-and-survival-of-children-with-cancer-in-nicaragua
#12
Allison K Pribnow, Roberta Ortiz, Luis Fulgencio Báez, Luvy Mendieta, Sandra Luna-Fineman
BACKGROUND: Most children with cancer live in resource-limited countries where malnutrition is often prevalent. We identified the relationship between malnutrition and treatment-related morbidity (TRM), abandonment of therapy, and survival of children with cancer in Nicaragua to better inform targeted nutritional interventions. PROCEDURE: We conducted a retrospective review of patients aged 6 months to 18 years with newly diagnosed acute lymphoblastic leukemia, acute myeloid leukemia (AML), Wilms tumor, Hodgkin lymphoma, or Burkitt lymphoma (BL) who were treated between January 1, 2004, and December 31, 2007 at Children's Hospital Manuel de Jesus Rivera in Managua, Nicaragua...
November 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447222/feeding-strategies-in-pediatric-cancer-patients-with-gastrointestinal-mucositis-a-multicenter-prospective-observational-study-and-international-survey
#13
Nicoline S S Kuiken, Edmond H H M Rings, Marry M van den Heuvel-Eibrink, Marianne D van de Wetering, Wim J E Tissing
INTRODUCTION: Currently, there is no adequate prevention or treatment for both oral and gastrointestinal mucositis induced by chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy. Supportive care of symptoms plays a primary role during mucositis in the pediatric clinical setting. We aimed to get insight in the currently used feeding strategies in clinical practice in pediatric cancer patients with chemotherapy-induced mucositis. METHODS: A prospective observational study was performed to identify feeding strategies after chemotherapy courses causing mucositis in almost all patients at the University Medical Center Groningen (UMCG), the Academic Medical Center Amsterdam (AMC), and the Princess Maxima Center Utrecht (PMC)...
April 26, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353488/management-of-central-venous-access-device-associated-skin-impairment-an-evidence-based-algorithm
#14
Daphne Broadhurst, Nancy Moureau, Amanda J Ullman
Patients relying on central venous access devices (CVADs) for treatment are frequently complex. Many have multiple comorbid conditions, including renal impairment, nutritional deficiencies, hematologic disorders, or cancer. These conditions can impair the skin surrounding the CVAD insertion site, resulting in an increased likelihood of skin damage when standard CVAD management practices are employed. Supported by the World Congress of Vascular Access (WoCoVA), developed an evidence- and consensus-based algorithm to improve CVAD-associated skin impairment (CASI) identification and diagnosis, guide clinical decision-making, and improve clinician confidence in managing CASI...
May 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244463/pediatric-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-experience-from-a-tertiary-cancer-center-in-india
#15
V Radhakrishnan, P Kumar, S Totadri, P Ganesan, G Selvaluxmy, T Ganesan, M Dhanushkodi, T Sagar
BACKGROUND: Pediatric nasopharyngeal carcinomas (NPCs) are rare tumors. There is paucity of data on outcomes in pediatric NPC from developing countries. AIM: The present study was conducted to ascertain the outcomes of children with NPC at our center. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of case records of pediatric NPC patients treated at our hospital was performed. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analyzed the outcomes of 37 consecutive patients <18 years of age with pediatric NPC treated between 2000 and 2015...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242319/white-paper-aga-power-practice-guide-on-obesity-and%C3%A2-weight-management-education-and-resources
#16
REVIEW
Andres Acosta, Sarah Streett, Mathew D Kroh, Lawrence J Cheskin, Katherine H Saunders, Marina Kurian, Marsha Schofield, Sarah E Barlow, Louis Aronne
The epidemic of obesity continues at alarming rates, with a high burden to our economy and society. The American Gastroenterological Association understands the importance of embracing obesity as a chronic, relapsing disease and supports a multidisciplinary approach to the management of obesity. Because gastrointestinal disorders resulting from obesity are more frequent and often present sooner than type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease, gastroenterologists have an opportunity to address obesity and provide an effective therapy early...
May 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034356/improving-cancer-care-for-children-in-the-developing-world-challenges-and-strategies
#17
Zakiya Al Lamki
Cancer is a global health problem particularly in developing countries where the burden of cancer is ever increasing and claiming the lives of about 100,000 children under the age of 15 years every year. Majority of these occur in the Low and Middle Income Countries (LMICs) where 90% of world children live. Contributing factors to this trend is the reduction of communicable diseases and emergence of new infections, improvement of nutrition and socio-economic conditions, industrialization and urbanization. However, due to its complexity, childhood cancer is given the least priority by the governments' funding...
December 30, 2016: Current Pediatric Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890486/towards-a-multidisciplinary-approach-to-understand-and-manage-obesity-and-related-diseases
#18
REVIEW
Stephan C Bischoff, Yves Boirie, Tommy Cederholm, Michael Chourdakis, Cristina Cuerda, Nathalie M Delzenne, Nicolaas E Deutz, Denis Fouque, Laurence Genton, Carmen Gil, Berthold Koletzko, Miguel Leon-Sanz, Raanan Shamir, Joelle Singer, Pierre Singer, Nanette Stroebele-Benschop, Anders Thorell, Arved Weimann, Rocco Barazzoni
Overnutrition and sedentary lifestyle result in overweight or obesity defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health. According to the WHO, the worldwide prevalence of obesity nearly doubled between 1980 and 2008. In 2008, over 50% of both men and women in the WHO European Region were overweight, and approximately 23% of women and 20% of men were obese. Comprehensive diagnostic and therapeutic approaches should include nutritional treatment to favor the best metabolic and nutritional outcome, as well as to induce potential disease-specific benefits from selected nutritional regimens...
November 16, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855143/trends-in-obesity-among-participants-aged-2-4-years-in-the-special-supplemental-nutrition-program-for-women-infants-and-children-united-states-2000-2014
#19
Liping Pan, David S Freedman, Andrea J Sharma, Karen Castellanos-Brown, Sohyun Park, Ray B Smith, Heidi M Blanck
Childhood obesity is associated with negative health consequences in childhood (1) that continue into adulthood (2), putting adults at risk for type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and certain cancers (1). Obesity disproportionately affects children from low-income families (3). Through a collaboration with the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), CDC has begun to use data from the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) Participants and Program Characteristics (WIC PC) to replace the Pediatric Nutrition Surveillance System (PedNSS) (4,5) for obesity surveillance among young children from low-income families...
November 18, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685428/update-of-literature-from-cystic-fibrosis-registries-2012-2015-part-6-epidemiology-nutrition-and-complications
#20
REVIEW
Donatello Salvatore, Roberto Buzzetti, Gianni Mastella
Patient registries provide useful information to afford more knowledge on rare diseases like Cystic Fibrosis (CF). Twenty-two studies originating from national CF registries, focusing on demographics, survival, genetics, nutritional status, and non-pulmonary complications, were published between December 2011 and March 2015. The purpose of this review article is to examine these reports, aiming attention to the clinical characteristics of CF patients included in the registries, current, and estimated future epidemiological data, the role of gender gap, the increasing survival in different countries...
March 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
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