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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819694/thoracic-corpectomy-for-neoplastic-vertebral-bodies-using-a-navigated-lateral-extracavitary-approach-a-single-center-consecutive-case-series-technique-and-analysis
#1
Sebastian Hartmann, Christoph Wipplinger, Anja Tschugg, Pujan Kavakebi, Alexander Örley, Pierre Pascal Girod, Claudius Thomé
Thoracic myelopathy is often caused by vertebral body fractures resulting from neoplastic conditions, traumatic events, or infectious diseases. One of the preferred procedures for treating it is the lateral extracavitary approach (LECA) with single-level or multilevel decompressive corpectomy and reconstruction. The aim of this retrospective study was to analyze the thoracic lateral extracavitary approach with corpectomy using vertebral body replacement systems (VBR-S) and dorsal reconstruction. Twenty-four patients with metastatic or primary lesions of thoracic vertebrae T2-T12 underwent spinal decompression and ventral column reconstruction with correction of spinal deformity via a LECA...
August 17, 2017: Neurosurgical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817604/therapeutic-flexible-airway-endoscopy-of-small-children-in-a-tertiary-referral-center-11-years-experience
#2
Wen-Jue Soong, Pei-Chen Tsao, Yu-Sheng Lee, Chia-Feng Yang
OBJECTIVES: Use of therapeutic flexible airway endoscopy (TFAE) is very limited in pediatrics. We report our clinical experiences and long term outcomes of TFAE in small children from a single tertiary referral center. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study. Small children with their body weight no more than 5.0 kg who had received TFAE between 2005 and 2015 were enrolled. Demographic information and outcomes were reviewed and analyzed from medical charts and TFAE videos...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815081/robot-assisted-minimally-invasive-thoraco-laparoscopic-esophagectomy-for-esophageal-cancer-in-the-upper-mediastinum
#3
Sylvia van der Horst, Teun Johannes Weijs, Jelle Pieter Ruurda, Nadia Haj Mohammad, Stella Mook, Lodewijk Adriaan Anton Brosens, Richard van Hillegersberg
BACKGROUND: Patients with upper third esophageal cancer or esophageal cancer with upper mediastinal paratracheal lymph node metastases are often precluded from surgery because of technical difficulties. With the aid of robotic surgery, an excellent overview and reach of the thoracic inlet can be accomplished. In this way, patients with upper mediastinal esophageal cancer are eligible for esophageal resection with curative intent. The aim of this study was to review the results of a consecutive series of patients who underwent robot-assisted minimally invasive esophagectomy (RAMIE) for tumors of the upper 1/3 of the esophagus or positive lymph nodes in the upper mediastinum...
July 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815080/mckeown-or-ivor-lewis-totally-minimally-invasive-esophagectomy-for-cancer-of-the-esophagus-and-gastroesophageal-junction-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Frans van Workum, Gijs H Berkelmans, Bastiaan R Klarenbeek, Grard A P Nieuwenhuijzen, Misha D P Luyer, Camiel Rosman
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) has consistently been associated with improved perioperative outcome and similar oncological safety compared to open esophagectomy. However, it is currently unclear what type of MIE is preferred for patients with resectable esophageal cancer. METHODS: Literature was searched in Medline, Embase and the Cochrane library combining relevant search terms. Articles that included patients undergoing totally minimally invasive esophagectomy (TMIE) or hybrid minimally invasive esophagectomy (HMIE) and compared McKeown with Ivor Lewis procedures were included...
July 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811237/the-in-validity-of-volatile-poct-parameters-from-patients-beyond-normothermia
#5
Michael A Gruber, Stefan Felbermeir, Regina Lindner, Martin Kieninger
BACKGROUND: A common characteristic of all blood gas analyzers on the market is that measurements are processed at 37°C, not at the real patients´ temperature. Subsequently temperature-sensitive parameters can be mathematically corrected (alpha-stat method) or used directly (pH-stat method). National rules in Germany (Rili-BAEK) demand defined accuracy and precision without any restriction to samples´ temperatures or corrections. As consequence in the investigation at hand we tried to find out whether blood gas analyzers can fulfill the regulations for pCO2 and pO2 when normothermia of the matrix is not given...
August 12, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808901/the-utility-of-routine-intensive-care-admission-for-patients-undergoing-intracranial-neurosurgical-procedures-a-systematic-review
#6
Cesar Cimonari de Almeida, M Dustin Boone, Yosef Laviv, Burkhard S Kasper, Clark C Chen, Ekkehard M Kasper
BACKGROUND: Patients who have undergone intracranial neurosurgical procedures have traditionally been admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU) for close postoperative neurological observation. The purpose of this study was to systematically review the evidence for routine ICU admission in patients undergoing intracranial neurosurgical procedures and to evaluate the safety of alternative postoperative pathways. METHODS: We were interested in identifying studies that examined selected patients who presented for elective, non-emergent intracranial surgery whose postoperative outcomes were compared as a function of ICU versus non-ICU admission...
August 14, 2017: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807696/a-tailored-intervention-to-improving-the-quality-of-intrahospital-nursing-handover
#7
Jochen Bergs, Frank Lambrechts, Ines Mulleneers, Kim Lenaerts, Caroline Hauquier, Geert Proesmans, Sarah Creemers, Dominique Vandijck
INTRODUCTION: Nursing handover is a process central to the delivery of high-quality and safe care. We aimed to improve the quality of nursing handover from the emergency department to ward and intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: A quasi-experimental non-equivalent control group pre-test - post-test design was applied. Handover quality was measured using the Handover Evaluation Scale (HES). A tailored intervention, inspired by appreciative inquiry, was designed to improve the implementation of an existing handover form and procedure...
August 11, 2017: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807140/acute-psychological-trauma-in-the-critically-ill-patient-and-family-perspectives
#8
Volha Dziadzko, Mikhail A Dziadzko, Margaret M Johnson, Ognjen Gajic, Lioudmila V Karnatovskaia
OBJECTIVE: Post-intensive care syndrome (PICS), which encompasses profound psychological morbidity, affects many survivors of critical illness. We hypothesize that acute psychological stress during the intensive care unit (ICU) confinement likely contributes to PICS. In order to develop strategies that mitigate PICS associated psychological morbidity, it is paramount to first characterize acute ICU psychological stress and begin to understand its causative and protective factors. METHODS: A structured interview study was administered to adult critical illness survivors who received ≥48h of mechanical ventilation in medical and surgical ICUs of a tertiary care center, and their families...
July 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803638/impact-of-obesity-on-intensive-care-unit-resource-utilization-after-cardiac-operations
#9
Brandon R Rosvall, Keir Forgie, Jeffrey B MacLeod, Alexandra M Yip, Christie Aguiar, Sohrab Lutchmedial, Craig Brown, Rand Forgie, Jean Francois Légaré, Ansar Hassan
BACKGROUND: Much has been published about the effect of obesity on adverse outcomes after cardiac operations, yet little is known regarding the effect of obesity on intensive care unit (ICU) resource utilization. This study examined the effect of obesity on ICU resource utilization after cardiac operations. METHODS: All patients with a body mass index (BMI) of 18.5 kg/m(2) or higher who underwent a cardiac surgical procedure between 2006 and 2013 were stratified into the following weight categories: normal (BMI 18...
July 24, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802556/randomized-sham-controlled-trials-in-endoscopy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-adverse-events
#10
REVIEW
Allison R Schulman, Violeta Popov, Christopher C Thompson
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Sham procedures in endoscopy are used with the intention of controlling for placebo response, potentially allowing more precise evaluation of treatment effect. Nevertheless, this type of study may impose significant risk without potential benefit for those in the sham group. The aim of the current study is to systematically review and analyze the endoscopic literature to assess the safety of sham controls. METHODS: MEDLINE and Embase databases were searched for endoscopic sham procedures for all dates through July 2017...
August 9, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796646/defining-benchmarks-for-transthoracic-esophagectomy-a-multicenter-analysis-of-total-minimally-invasive-esophagectomy-in-low-risk-patients
#11
Henner M Schmidt, Susanne S Gisbertz, Johnny Moons, Ioannis Rouvelas, Juha Kauppi, Andrew Brown, Emanuele Asti, Misha Luyer, Sjoerd M Lagarde, Felix Berlth, Annouck Philippron, Christiane Bruns, Arnulf Hölscher, Paul M Schneider, Dimitri A Raptis, Mark I van Berge Henegouwen, Philippe Nafteux, Magnus Nilsson, Jari Räsanen, Francesco Palazzo, Ernest Rosato, Stuart Mercer, Luigi Bonavina, Grard Nieuwenhuijzen, Bas P L Wijnhoven, Wolfgang Schröder, Piet Pattyn, Peter P Grimminger, Christian A Gutschow
OBJECTIVE: To define "best possible" outcomes in total minimally invasive transthoracic esophagectomy (ttMIE). BACKGROUND: TtMIE, performed by experts in patients with low comorbidity, may serve as a benchmark procedure for esophagectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From a cohort of 1057 ttMIE, performed over a 5-year period in 13 high-volume centers for esophageal surgery, we selected a study group of 334 patients (31.6%) that fulfilled criteria of low comorbidity (American Society of Anesthesiologists score ≤2, WHO/ECOG score ≤1, age ≤65 years, body mass index 19-29 kg/m)...
August 7, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795300/five-years-two-surgeons-and-over-500-bariatric-procedures-what-have-we-learned
#12
Brian Shea, William Boyan, James Botta, Syed Ali, Yaniv Fenig, Ethan Paulin, Steven Binenbaum, Frank Borao
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery has become an increasingly popular method for weight loss and mitigation of co-morbidities in the obese population. Like any field, there is a desire to standardize and accelerate the postoperative period while maintaining safe outcomes. METHODS: All laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomies (LSG) and gastric bypasses (LGB) were performed over a 5-year period were logged along with several aspects of postoperative care. Trends were followed in aspects of postoperative care over years as well as any documentation of complications or re-admissions...
August 9, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794882/interruption-of-enteral-nutrition-in-the-intensive-care-unit-a-single-center-survey
#13
Midori Uozumi, Masamitsu Sanui, Tetsuya Komuro, Yusuke Iizuka, Tadashi Kamio, Hiroshi Koyama, Hideyuki Mouri, Tomoyuki Masuyama, Kazuyuki Ono, Alan Kawarai Lefor
BACKGROUND: Interruption of enteral nutrition (EN) in the intensive care unit (ICU) occurs frequently for various reasons including feeding intolerance and the conduct of diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. However, few studies have investigated the details of EN interruption practices including reasons for and duration of interruptions. There is no standard protocol to minimize EN interruptions. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of 100 patients in the ICU staying more than 72 h and receiving EN in a 12-bed, medical/surgical ICU in a tertiary care center in 2013...
2017: Journal of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779880/investigation-of-a-nosocomial-outbreak-of%C3%A2-fungemia-caused-by-candida-pelliculosa-pichia-anomala-in-a-korean-tertiary-care-center
#14
Jiwon Jung, Young Sook Moon, Jung A Yoo, Ji-Hun Lim, Joseph Jeong, Jae-Bum Jun
BACKGROUND: Candida pelliculosa is a rare pathogen of fungemia. There have been a few nosocomial outbreaks of C. pelliculosa fungemia in nurseries and pediatric intensive care units (ICU), hematologic units, and surgical ICU. We describe an epidemiologic outbreak investigation, including case findings of C. pelliculosa fungemia in South Korea. METHODS: This outbreak investigation conducted in a 940-bed, tertiary referral center, Ulsan, South Korea and included active microbial surveillance and a case-control study...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769999/non-operative-management-for-penetrating-splenic-trauma-how-far-can-we-go-to-save-splenic-function
#15
Roy Spijkerman, Michel Paul Johan Teuben, Fatima Hoosain, Liezel Phyllis Taylor, Timothy Craig Hardcastle, Taco Johan Blokhuis, Brian Leigh Warren, Luke Petrus Hendrikus Leenen
BACKGROUND: Selective non-operative management (NOM) for the treatment of blunt splenic trauma is safe. Currently, the feasibility of selective NOM for penetrating splenic injury (PSI) is unclear. Unfortunately, little is known about the success rate of spleen-preserving surgical procedures. The aim of this study was to investigate the outcome of selective NOM for penetrating splenic injuries. METHODS: A dual-centre study is performed in two level-one trauma centres...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764269/analysis-of-clinical-indicators-of-quality-in-patients-with-endotracheal-intubation
#16
Sulochana Dash, Sreelatha Balasubramanian
INTRODUCTION: Quality and safety in anaesthesia is usually monitored by analysis of perioperative mortality-morbidity and are influenced by anaesthetic and non-anaesthetic factors. AIM: This study was conducted to analyse the incidence of clinical indicators of quality in endotracheally intubated patients undergoing general abdominal surgeries and obstetric and gynaecological procedures under general anaesthesia and to determine contributing factors for the same...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757793/a-mortality-study-for-icu-patients-using-bursty-medical-events
#17
Luca Bonomi, Xiaoqian Jiang
The study of patients in Intensive Care Units (ICUs) is a crucial task in critical care research which has significant implications both in identifying clinical risk factors and defining institutional guidances. The mortality study of ICU patients is of particular interest because it provides useful indications to healthcare institutions for improving patients experience, internal policies, and procedures (e.g. allocation of resources). To this end, many research works have been focused on the length of stay (LOS) for ICU patients as a feature for studying the mortality...
April 2017: Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756047/effectiveness-of-surgical-interventions-for-thoracic-aortic-aneurysms-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Mouaz Alsawas, Feras Zaiem, Laura Larrea-Mantilla, Jehad Almasri, Patricia J Erwin, Gilbert R Upchurch, M Hassan Murad
OBJECTIVE: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) and open repair in patients with descending thoracic aortic aneurysms (TAAs). METHODS: PubMed, Ovid MEDLINE, Ovid Embase, EBSCO Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and Scopus were searched from each database's inception to January 29, 2016. We selected studies that compared the two approaches in adults with TAAs and reported 30-day mortality or procedure complications...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754410/laparoscopic-adjustable-gastric-band-explantation-and-implantation-at-academic-centers
#19
Christina Y Koh, Colette S Inaba, Sarath Sujatha-Bhaskar, Samuel Hohmann, Jaime Ponce, Ninh T Nguyen
BACKGROUND: The laparoscopic adjustable gastric band (LAGB) was approved for use in the US in 2001 and has been found to be a safe and effective surgical treatment for morbid obesity. However, there is a recent trend toward reduced use of LAGB nationwide. The objective of this study was to examine the prevalence and outcomes of primary LAGB implantation compared with revision and explantation at academic centers. STUDY DESIGN: Data were obtained from the Vizient database from 2007 through 2015...
July 25, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752188/association-between-survival-time-with-metastatic-breast-cancer-and-aggressive-end-of-life-care
#20
Melissa K Accordino, Jason D Wright, Sowmya Vasan, Alfred I Neugut, Tal Gross, Grace C Hillyer, Dawn L Hershman
PURPOSE: For women with stage IV breast cancer (BC), the association between survival time (ST) and use of aggressive end-of-life (EOL) care is unknown. METHODS: We used the SEER-Medicare database to identify women with stage IV BC diagnosed 2002-2011 who died by 12/31/2012. Aggressive EOL care was defined as receipt in the last month of life: >1 ED visit, >1 hospitalization, ICU admission, life-extending procedures, hospice admission within 3 days of death, IV chemotherapy within 14 days of death, and/or ≥10 unique physician encounters in the last 6 months of life...
July 27, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
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