keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

primary progressive multiple sclerosis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157397/progressive-forms-of-multiple-sclerosis-distinct-entity-or-age-dependent-phenomena
#1
REVIEW
Burcu Zeydan, Orhun H Kantarci
In multiple sclerosis (MS), disease course is defined by a subclinical or clinical relapsing remitting phase, a progressive phase, and the overlapping phase in-between. Each phase can have intermittently active or inactive periods. Subclinical activity in radiologically isolated syndrome evolving to primary-progressive MS is mostly indistinguishable from relapsing-remitting MS evolving to secondary-progressive MS. The onset of progressive-phase MS is age-dependent but time and pre-progressive phase agnostic...
February 2018: Neurologic Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143164/upregulation-of-myelin-gene-expression-by-a-physically-modified-saline-via-phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase-mediated-activation-of-creb-implications-for-multiple-sclerosis
#2
Malabendu Jana, Supurna Ghosh, Kalipada Pahan
An increase in central nervous system (CNS) remyelination and a decrease in CNS inflammation are important steps to halt the progression of multiple sclerosis (MS). RNS60 is a bioactive aqueous solution generated by subjecting normal saline to Taylor-Couette-Poiseuille flow under elevated oxygen pressure. Recently we have demonstrated that RNS60 exhibits anti-inflammatory properties. Here, we describe promyelinating property of RNS60. RNS60, but not normal saline (NS), RNS10.3 (TCP-modified saline without excess oxygen) or PNS60 (saline containing excess oxygen without TCP modification), stimulated the expression of myelin-specific genes and proteins (myelin basic protein, MBP; myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein, MOG and proteolipid protein, PLP) in primary mouse oligodendroglia and mixed glial cells...
November 15, 2017: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141822/epidemiological-and-clinical-characteristics-of-multiple-sclerosis-in-paediatric-population-in-slovenia-a-descriptive-nation-wide-study
#3
Neli Bizjak, Damjan Osredkar, Mirjana Perković Benedik, Saša Šega Jazbec
BACKGROUND: Although multiple sclerosis usually affects young adults, paediatric-onset multiple sclerosis (pMS) is increasingly recognized in the past ten years. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the incidence of pMS in Slovenia and to characterize the clinical, laboratory and neuroradiological characteristics of pMS at the disease onset. METHODS: We performed a national retrospective descriptive study including all patients diagnosed with pMS between January 1992 and June 2017...
November 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122458/adult-onset-leukoencephalopathy-with-axonal-spheroids-and-pigmented-glia-alsp-integrating-the-literature-on-hereditary-diffuse-leukoencephalopathy-with-spheroids-hdls-and-pigmentary-orthochromatic-leukodystrophy-pold
#4
REVIEW
Scott J Adams, Andrew Kirk, Roland N Auer
Adult-onset leukoencephalopathy with axonal spheroids and pigmented glia (ALSP) is a progressive degenerative white matter disorder. ALSP was previously recognized as two distinct entities, hereditary diffuse leukoencephalopathy with spheroids (HDLS) and pigmentary orthochromatic leukodystrophy (POLD). However, recent identification of mutations in the tyrosine kinase domain of the colony stimulating factor 1 receptor (CSF1R) gene, which regulates mononuclear cell lineages including microglia, have provided genetic and mechanistic evidence that POLD and HDLS should be regarded as a single clinicopathologic entity...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121970/endothelial-%C3%AE-6%C3%AE-4-integrin-protects-during-experimental-autoimmune-encephalomyelitis-induced-neuroinflammation-by-maintaining-vascular-integrity-and-tight-junction-protein-expression
#5
Jennifer V Welser, Sebok K Halder, Ravi Kant, Amin Boroujerdi, Richard Milner
BACKGROUND: Extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins play critical functions regulating vascular formation and function. Laminin is a major component of the vascular basal lamina, and transgenic mice deficient in astrocyte or pericyte laminin show defective blood-brain barrier (BBB) integrity, indicating an important instructive role for laminin in cerebral blood vessels. As previous work shows that in the normal brain, vascular expression of the laminin receptor α6β4 integrin is predominantly restricted to arterioles, but induced on all vessels during neuroinflammation, it is important to define the role of this integrin in the maintenance of BBB integrity...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121642/limbic-system-damage-in-ms-mri-assessment-and-correlations-with-clinical-testing
#6
Jie Wen, Dmitriy A Yablonskiy, Amber Salter, Anne H Cross
Volume loss in some limbic region structures has been observed in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. However, in vivo evaluation of existing tissue cellular microstructure integrity has received less attention. The goal of studies reported here was to quantitatively assess loss of limbic system volumes and tissue integrity, and to evaluate associations of these measures with cognitive and physical dysfunction in MS patients. Thirty-one healthy controls (HC) and 80 MS patients, including 32 relapsing remitting (RRMS), 32 secondary progressive (SPMS) and 16 primary progressive (PPMS), participated in this study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116612/the-complement-system-as-a-biomarker-of-disease-activity-and-response-to-treatment-in-multiple-sclerosis
#7
REVIEW
Alexandru Tatomir, Anamaria Talpos-Caia, Freidrich Anselmo, Adam M Kruszewski, Dallas Boodhoo, Violeta Rus, Horea Rus
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory, demyelinating, and neurodegenerative disease of the central nervous system. The complement system has an established role in the pathogenesis of MS, and evidence suggests that its components can be used as biomarkers of disease-state activity and response to treatment in MS. Plasma C4a levels have been found to be significantly elevated in patients with active relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS), as compared to both controls and patients with stable RRMS. C3 levels are also significantly elevated in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with RRMS, and C3 levels are correlated with clinical disability...
November 8, 2017: Immunologic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114087/the-cooling-compound-icilin-attenuates-autoimmune-neuroinflammation-through-modulation-of-the-t-cell-response
#8
Benjamin W Ewanchuk, Euan R O Allan, Amy L Warren, Rithwik Ramachandran, Robin M Yates
The synthetic supercooling drug, icilin, and its primary receptor target, the cation channel transient receptor potential (TRP) melastatin-8 (TRPM8), have been described as potent negative regulators of inflammation in the colon. The aim of this study was to determine whether the anti-inflammatory action of icilin could potentially be used to treat autoimmune neuroinflammatory disorders, such as multiple sclerosis (MS). During experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE)-a CD4(+) T cell-driven murine model of MS-we found that both wild-type (WT) and TRPM8-deficient EAE mice were protected from disease progression during icilin treatment, as evidenced by delays in clinical onset and reductions in neuroinflammation...
November 7, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105222/consistent-increase-in-the-prevalence-and-female-ratio-of-multiple-sclerosis-over-15-years-in-northern-japan
#9
Hideki Houzen, Kimito Kondo, Kazuhiro Horiuchi, Masaaki Niino
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The prevalence of multiple sclerosis (MS) is considered to be lower in East Asia than in Western countries. An increasing trend has been globally reported for the prevalence of MS. We investigated the changes in the prevalence and clinical characteristics of MS in Tokachi province of Hokkaido, northern Japan, from 2001 to 2016. METHODS: Prevalence was determined on March 31, 2016. Data processing sheets were collected from all MS-related institutions in Tokachi province...
November 4, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102045/-myelitis-as-a-differential-diagnosis-of-spinal-cord-tumors
#10
P Vermersch, O Outteryck, D Ferriby, H Zéphir
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Myelitis is common, related to multiple aetiologies and constitute in some cases a differential diagnosis for spinal cord tumors. Our objective was to review the clinical and paraclinical aspects of the main aetiologies of myelitis. METHODS: These aetiologies will be reviewed based on data not only from the scientific literature but also from our personal experience reported in different cohorts of patients. RESULTS: Multiple sclerosis is the main cause of partial myelitis in young adults...
November 2017: Neuro-Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098964/misdiagnosis-of-graves-hyperthyroidism-due-to-therapeutic-biotin-intervention
#11
Yentl De Roeck, Eva Philipse, Theodorus B Twickler, Luc Van Gaal
BACKGROUND: Lately, high dose of biotin is often given orally to patients with a primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS). However, the molecule biotin is also a principle compound in various analytic immunoassays. CLINICAL CASE: An asymptomatic 60-year-old woman with PPMS on high dose of biotin therapy (3 × 100 mg/d) displayed abnormal thyroid function tests (TSH 0.02 mU/l, fT4 > 103 pmol/l, and fT3 > 46 pmol/l). TSH was determined by a homogeneous sandwich chemiluminescent immunoassay and fT4 and fT3 were both determined by a homogeneous, sequential, chemiluminescent immunoassay...
November 3, 2017: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078813/the-trojan-horse-neuroinflammatory-impact-of-t-cells-in-neurodegenerative-diseases
#12
REVIEW
Annika Sommer, Beate Winner, Iryna Prots
Neuronal degeneration is a common mechanism of many neurological diseases including Parkinson's disease (PD), Alzheimer's disease (AD), and Multiple Sclerosis (MS). While AD and PD are classical neurodegenerative diseases, the primary pathology in MS is driven by autoimmune inflammation, attacking oligodendrocytes and thereby inducing neurodegeneration. In AD and PD, immune cells are also considered to play an important role in the disease progression. While the role of local central nervous system (CNS) innate immune cells is well described, a potential influence of adaptive immune cells in PD and AD is not yet fully understood...
October 27, 2017: Molecular Neurodegeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066310/synapsin-i-deletion-reduces-neuronal-damage-and-ameliorates-clinical-progression-of-experimental-autoimmune-encephalomyelitis
#13
Fabrizia C Guarnieri, Serena Bellani, Latefa Yekhlef, Andrea Bergamaschi, Annamaria Finardi, Riccardo Fesce, Davide Pozzi, Elena Monzani, Eugenio F Fornasiero, Michela Matteoli, Gianvito Martino, Roberto Furlan, Stefano Taverna, Luca Muzio, Flavia Valtorta
The classical view of multiple sclerosis (MS) pathogenesis states that inflammation-mediated demyelination is responsible for neuronal damage and loss. However, recent findings show that impairment of neuronal functions and demyelination can be independent events, suggesting the coexistence of other pathogenic mechanisms. Due to the inflammatory milieu, subtle alterations in synaptic function occur, which are probably at the basis of the early cognitive decline that often precedes the neurodegenerative phases in MS patients...
October 21, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059494/molecular-based-diagnosis-of-multiple-sclerosis-and-its-progressive-stage
#14
Christopher Barbour, Peter Kosa, Mika Komori, Makoto Tanigawa, Ruturaj Masvekar, Tianxia Wu, Kory Johnson, Panagiotis Douvaras, Valentina Fossati, Ronald Herbst, Yue Wang, Keith Tan, Mark Greenwood, Bibiana Bielekova
OBJECTIVE: Biomarkers aid diagnosis, allow inexpensive screening of therapies and guide selection of patient-specific therapeutic regimens in most internal medicine disciplines. In contrast, neurology lacks validated measurements of the physiological status, or dysfunction(s) of cells of the central nervous system (CNS). Accordingly, patients with chronic neurological diseases are often treated with a single disease-modifying therapy without understanding patient-specific drivers of disability...
October 23, 2017: Annals of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055473/the-effect-of-alcohol-and-red-wine-consumption-on-clinical-and-mri-outcomes-in-multiple-sclerosis
#15
Camilo Diaz-Cruz, Alicia S Chua, Muhammad Taimur Malik, Tamara Kaplan, Bonnie I Glanz, Svetlana Egorova, Charles R G Guttmann, Rohit Bakshi, Howard L Weiner, Brian C Healy, Tanuja Chitnis
BACKGROUND: Alcohol and in particular red wine have both immunomodulatory and neuroprotective properties, and may exert an effect on the disease course of multiple sclerosis (MS). OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between alcohol and red wine consumption and MS course. METHODS: MS patients enrolled in the Comprehensive Longitudinal Investigation of Multiple Sclerosis at the Brigham and Women's Hospital (CLIMB) who completed a self-administered questionnaire about their past year drinking habits at a single time point were included in the study...
October 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055465/radiologically-isolated-syndrome-and-multiple-sclerosis
#16
REVIEW
B Yamout, M Al Khawajah
BACKGROUND: Incidental white matter lesions (WML) are increasingly seen on brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in clinical practice. Demyelination consistent with MS is seen in 0.1-0.7% of the population as evident by autopsy and MRI studies. The term radiologically isolated syndrome (RIS) was coined to define a subgroup of patients with demyelinating lesions highly suggestive of multiple sclerosis (MS). The Okuda criteria for diagnosing RIS help in stratifying the risk of conversion to MS but RIS is still not considered a distinct MS phenotype...
October 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053884/looking-into-cognitive-impairment-in-primary-progressive-multiple-sclerosis
#17
Maria Petracca, James Sumowski, Michelle Fabian, Aaron Miller, Fred Lublin, Matilde Inglese
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment in primary-progressive multiple sclerosis (PP-MS) is correlated with global brain atrophy. Unfortunately, brain volumes computation requires processing resources not widely available in clinical practice. Therefore we decided to test the predictive role of retinal atrophy metrics on cognitive decline, applying them as proxy of grey matter (GM) atrophy in PP-MS. METHODS: Twenty-five PP-MS patients completed the Brief International Cognitive Assessment for MS (BICAMS) and underwent spectral-domain OCT and 3...
October 20, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053836/long-term-disability-progression-in-primary-progressive-multiple-sclerosis-a-15-year-study
#18
Maria A Rocca, Maria Pia Sormani, Marco Rovaris, Domenico Caputo, Angelo Ghezzi, Enrico Montanari, Antonio Bertolotto, Alice Laroni, Roberto Bergamaschi, Vittorio Martinelli, Giancarlo Comi, Massimo Filippi
Prognostic markers of primary progressive multiple sclerosis evolution are needed. We investigated the added value of magnetic resonance imaging measures of brain and cervical cord damage in predicting long-term clinical worsening of primary progressive multiple sclerosis compared to simple clinical assessment. In 54 patients, conventional and diffusion tensor brain scans and cervical cord T1-weighted scans were acquired at baseline and after 15 months. Clinical evaluation was performed after 5 and 15 years in 49 patients...
November 1, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053798/in-vivo-characterization-of-cortical-and-white-matter-neuroaxonal-pathology-in-early-multiple-sclerosis
#19
Tobias Granberg, Qiuyun Fan, Constantina Andrada Treaba, Russell Ouellette, Elena Herranz, Gabriel Mangeat, Céline Louapre, Julien Cohen-Adad, Eric C Klawiter, Jacob A Sloane, Caterina Mainero
Neuroaxonal pathology is a main determinant of disease progression in multiple sclerosis; however, its underlying pathophysiological mechanisms, including its link to inflammatory demyelination and temporal occurrence in the disease course are still unknown. We used ultra-high field (7 T), ultra-high gradient strength diffusion and T1/T2-weighted myelin-sensitive magnetic resonance imaging to characterize microstructural changes in myelin and neuroaxonal integrity in the cortex and white matter in early stage multiple sclerosis, their distribution in lesional and normal-appearing tissue, and their correlations with neurological disability...
November 1, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051894/a-diagnostic-surprise-primary-hodgkin-s-lymphoma-of-the-lung
#20
Ankur Sinha, Ravikaran Patti, Prabhsimranjot Singh, William Solomon, Yizhak Kupfer
An 81-year-old male presented to the emergency room with a 3-month history of progressive shortness of breath, productive cough with white sputum, and generalized weakness with 10-pound weight loss in 2 months. On presentation, the patient was afebrile, with blood pressure of 93/55 mm Hg and oxy-hemoglobin saturation of 92% on 2 liters of oxygen via nasal cannula. Complete blood count with differential was significant for white count of 12 400/mL. Brain natriuretic peptide level was 454 ng/mL. Postero-anterior chest radiograph showed multiple round opacities in the lung fields...
October 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
keyword
keyword
93616
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"