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pseudomonas keratitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178851/bacterial-profile-of-ocular-infections-a-systematic-review
#1
Mebrahtu Teweldemedhin, Hailay Gebreyesus, Ataklti Hailu Atsbaha, Solomon Weldegebreal Asgedom, Muthupandian Saravanan
BACKGROUND: Bacteria are the major contributor of ocular infections worldwide. Ocular infections, if left untreated, can damage the structures of the eye with possible blindness and visual impairments. This work was aimed to review the bacterial profile of ocular infections. METHODS: Literature search was made in different electronic databases; the review was systematically made to get concrete findings. RESULTS: As far as this review, Staphylococcus aureus, Coagulase negative Staphylococci, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa are the leading isolates in ocular infections...
November 25, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104658/bacterial-keratitis-photodynamic-inactivation-reduced-experimental-inflammation
#2
Mona Deichelbohrer, Ming-Feng Wu, Berthold Seitz, Dirk Hüttenberger, Matthias W Laschke, Hans-Jochen Foth, Bodo Wonnenberg, Stefan Wagenpfeil, Carola Meier, Markus Bischoff, Thomas Tschernig
The successful treatment of bacterial keratitis remains an unsolved clinical problem. The current study aimed to establish a murine keratitis model and to investigate the effect of chlorin e6 (Ce6) and photodynamic inactivation (PDI) on corneal inflammation. The cornea of anesthetized mice was scratched and covered with a bacterial suspension of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. A paste containing Ce6 was applied to the cornea with subsequent exposure to specified light. Two days later the animals were sacrificed, and the globes were processed for light microscopy...
November 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064403/characterization-of-three-ocular-clinical-isolates-of-p-aeruginosa-viability-biofilm-formation-adherence-infectivity-and-effects-of-glycyrrhizin
#3
Xudong Peng, Sandamali A Ekanayaka, Sharon A McClellan, Ronald P Barrett, Kerry Vistisen, Linda D Hazlett
We selectively characterized three isolates from Pseudomonas aeruginosa keratitis patients and how glycyrrhizin (GLY) affected them. Type III toxins were determined using polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) of GLY and assays for its effects on: time kill, bacterial permeability, and biofilm/adhesion were done. In vivo, C57BL/6 (B6) mice were treated topically with GLY after G81007 infection. Clinical score, photography with a slit lamp and RT-PCR were used to assess treatment effects...
October 24, 2017: Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053557/bacterial-keratitis-isolated-organisms-and-antibiotic-resistance-patterns-in-san-francisco
#4
Michelle Y Peng, Vicky Cevallos, Stephen D McLeod, Thomas M Lietman, Jennifer Rose-Nussbaumer
PURPOSE: Understanding the spectrum of pathogens in a given geographic region is important when deciding on empiric antibiotic therapy. In this study, we evaluate the spectrum of bacterial organisms cultured from corneal samples and their antibiotic sensitivities to guide initial treatment of keratitis. METHODS: We performed a retrospective case review of cultures from suspected infectious keratitis cases at the Francis I. Proctor Foundation, University of California, San Francisco, from 1996 through 2015...
October 17, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044738/overview-of-mechanisms-of-antibiotic-resistance-in-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-an-ocular-perspective
#5
REVIEW
Dinesh Subedi, Ajay Kumar Vijay, Mark Willcox
Treatment of Pseudomonas aeruginosa eye infections often becomes a challenge due to the ability of this bacterium to be resistant to antibiotics via intrinsic and acquired mechanisms. Transfer of resistance due to interchangeable genetic elements is an important mechanism for the rapid transfer of antibiotic resistance in this pathogen. As a result, drug-resistant strains are becoming increasingly prevalent worldwide. This review systematically analyses data from recent publications to describe the global prevalence and antibiotic sensitivity of ocular P...
October 18, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993066/clinical-and-microbiological-profile-of-infectious-keratitis-in-an-area-of-madrid-spain
#6
Soraya Mediero, Ana Boto de Los Bueis, Karina Spiess, Mariana Díaz-Almirón, Almudena Del Hierro Zarzuelo, Isabel Villalaín Rodes, Adela García Perea
INTRODUCTION: To study antibiotic susceptibility in bacterial keratitis (BK), its profile over 10 years and its influence on ophthalmological practice. METHODS: Retrospective review of BK with positive corneal scraping over a 10-year period. Risk factors for keratitis, visual acuity (VA), empirical topical treatment, corneal infection characteristics and outcomes were analyzed for BK due to Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Propionibacterium acnes...
October 6, 2017: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980569/-severe-bilateral-pseudomonas-sclerokeratitis-in-comatose-patient-clinical-case
#7
Evg A Kasparova, A A Kasparov, E A Kasparova, A V Zaytsev
The article presents a clinical case of severe bilateral pseudomonas sclerokeratitis in a patient with occlusion hydrocephalus and intracranial hypertension, who was in a coma and on a ventilator for 20 days. At first examination (7 days after the onset of purulent keratitis, during which the process had been rapidly progressing), the clinical picture included lagophthalmos, severe purulent corneal ulcer, bilateral purulent scleromalacia, perforated cornea in the left eye. On the same day, in order to maintain eye integrity, urgent reconstructive penetrating sclerokeratoplasty with subsequent sclerocorneal coating was performed in both eyes right in the intensive care unit...
2017: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961278/nlrc4-regulates-caspase-1-and-il-1beta-production-in-a-cd11blowly6glow-population-of-cells-required-for-resistance-to-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-keratitis
#8
Sharon A McClellan, Andrew Jerome, Susmit Suvas, Linda D Hazlett
Psbetaeudomonas (P.) aeruginosa infection of the cornea in BALB/c mice does not result in perforation and the mice have been classified as resistant. However, regulation of this response via inflammasome activation remained untested. Therefore, BALB/c mice were infected with P. aeruginosa ATCC strain 19660 and NLRP3 and NLRC4 protein tested by ELISA. Since NLRC4 vs NLRP3 protein levels were significantly higher in the corneas of BALB/c at 1 and 5 days postinfection we used silencing to knockdown NLRC4. Silencing NLRC4 vs scrambled siRNA treatment exacerbated disease in BALB/c mice, reduced myeloperoxidase levels and elevated bacterial plate counts at 5 days postinfection...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942073/update-on-the-management-of-infectious-keratitis
#9
REVIEW
Ariana Austin, Tom Lietman, Jennifer Rose-Nussbaumer
Infectious keratitis is a major global cause of visual impairment and blindness, often affecting marginalized populations. Proper diagnosis of the causative organism is critical, and although culture remains the prevailing diagnostic tool, newer techniques such as in vivo confocal microscopy are helpful for diagnosing fungus and Acanthamoeba. Next-generation sequencing holds the potential for early and accurate diagnosis even for organisms that are difficult to culture by conventional methods. Topical antibiotics remain the best treatment for bacterial keratitis, and a recent review found all commonly prescribed topical antibiotics to be equally effective...
November 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938380/bacterial-keratitis-in-toronto-a-16-year-review-of-the-microorganisms-isolated-and-the-resistance-patterns-observed
#10
Alex L C Tam, Elie Côté, Mario Saldanha, Alejandro Lichtinger, Allan R Slomovic
PURPOSE: To review the incidence, distribution, current trends, and resistance patterns of bacterial keratitis isolates in Toronto over the past 16 years. METHODS: Microbiology records of suspected bacterial keratitis that underwent a diagnostic corneal scraping and cultures from January 1, 2000, through December 31, 2015, were retrospectively reviewed. The distribution of the main isolated pathogens and in vitro laboratory minimum inhibitory concentration testing results were used to identify resistance patterns...
December 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926883/-etiological-analysis-and-in-vitro-drug-sensitivity-of-bacterial-keratitis-in-northern-china-in-the-period-of-2006-2015
#11
Y Zhang, Z Q Wang, X G Sun
Objective: To analyze the etiology and drug sensitivity of bacterial keratitis and their changes, and to provide evidence for treatment and drug selection of bacterial keratitis. Methods: Retrospective case series study. From January 2006 to December 2015, corneal specimens suspected of bacterial infection were collected and cultured in Beijing Tongren Eye Center. General information of patients, etiological results and drug sensitivity test results were summarized and analyzed. The Chi-square test and Spearman correlation analysis were performed using SPSS 20...
September 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919333/status-of-the-effectiveness-of-contact-lens-disinfectants-in-malaysia-against-keratitis-causing-pathogens
#12
Farhat Abjani, Naveed Ahmed Khan, Suk Yul Jung, Ruqaiyyah Siddiqui
The aim of this study was (i) to assess the antimicrobial effects of contact lens disinfecting solutions marketed in Malaysia against common bacterial eye pathogens and as well as eye parasite, Acanthamoeba castellanii, and (ii) to determine whether targeting cyst wall would improve the efficacy of contact lens disinfectants. Using ISO 14729 Stand-Alone Test for disinfecting solutions, bactericidal and amoebicidal assays of six different contact lens solutions including Oxysept(®), AO SEPT PLUS, OPTI-FREE(®) pure moist(®), Renu(®) fresh™, FreshKon(®) CLEAR and COMPLETE RevitaLens™ were performed using Manufacturers Minimum recommended disinfection time (MRDT)...
September 15, 2017: Experimental Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892949/corneal-collagen-cross-linking-for-treatment-of-bacterial-and-herpetic-keratitis
#13
Mohammad Reza Khalili, Hamid Reza Jahadi, Mashaallah Karimi, Masoud Yasemi
INTRODUCTION: Optimal management of infective keratitis is a formidable challenge and subject of ongoing studies. Recently, Collagen Cross-Linking (CXL) of the cornea has been considered to be a new effective therapeutic approach for resistant infectious keratitis. AIM: Aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of CXL with Ultraviolet-A (UV-A) and riboflavin for treatment of the refractory bacterial and Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) keratitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective interventional study, eight patients with diagnosis of infectious keratitis who were referred to Khalili Hospital eye emergency room, between 2014 and 2015 were included in the study...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878761/effect-of-different-antibiotic-chemotherapies-on-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-infection-in-vitro-of-primary-human-corneal-fibroblast-cells
#14
Maria Del Mar Cendra, Myron Christodoulides, Parwez Hossain
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a major cause of bacterial keratitis (BK) worldwide. Inappropriate or non-optimal antibiotic chemotherapy can lead to corneal perforation and rapid sight loss. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that P. aeruginosa strain PAO1 invades primary human corneal fibroblasts (hCFs) in vitro and persists intracellularly, despite chemotherapy with antibiotics used commonly to treat BK. In rank order, ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin and polymyxin B showed the highest activity against planktonic PAO1 growth (100% inhibitory concentration ≤10 μg/mL; 50% inhibitory concentration ≤1 μg/mL), followed by gentamicin and ofloxacin (100% inhibitory concentration ≤50 μg/mL; 50% inhibitory concentration ≤10 μg/mL)...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832498/corneal-fibroblasts-as-sentinel-cells-and-local-immune-modulators-in-infectious-keratitis
#15
REVIEW
Ken Fukuda, Waka Ishida, Atsuki Fukushima, Teruo Nishida
The cornea serves as a barrier to protect the eye against external insults including microbial pathogens and antigens. Bacterial infection of the cornea often results in corneal melting and scarring that can lead to severe visual impairment. Not only live bacteria but also their components such as lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of Gram-negative bacteria contribute to the development of inflammation and subsequent corneal damage in infectious keratitis. We describe the important role played by corneal stromal fibroblasts (activated keratocytes) as sentinel cells, immune modulators, and effector cells in infectious keratitis...
August 23, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731142/nlrc3-promotes-host-resistance-against-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-induced-keratitis-by-promoting-the-degradation-of-irak1
#16
Litao Guo, Qingzhu Kong, Zhijun Dong, Weili Dong, Xiaoxiao Fu, Leqi Su, Xiaobo Tan
Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA)-induced keratitis is one of the most common and destructive bacterial diseases. The pathogenesis of PA infections is closely associated with excessive inflammatory responses. Nucleotide oligomerization domain (NOD)-like receptor (NLR) family with caspase activation and recruitment domain (CARD) containing 3 (NLRC3) protein has been implicated as a negative regulator of inflammation and antiviral response, but the role of NLRC3 in PA-induced keratitis has not been described...
July 20, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721848/evaluation-of-biofilm-specific-antimicrobial-resistance-genes-in-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-isolates-in-farabi-hospital
#17
Mahmood Saffari, Shabnam Karami, Farzaneh Firoozeh, Mojtaba Sehat
BACKGROUND: Biofilm produced from Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the cause of infection induced by contact lenses, trauma and post-surgery infection. The aim of this study was to evaluate biofilm formation and the presence of the genes ndvB and tssC1 in ocular infection isolates of P. aeruginosa. METHODS: A total of 92 P. aeruginosa strains were collected from patients with ocular infection referred to Farabi Hospital between March 2014 and July 2015. Antibiotic susceptibility patterns were evaluated by the agar disc-diffusion method according to CLSI guidelines...
July 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708218/microbial-characteristics-of-posttraumatic-infective-keratitis
#18
Blanche X Lim, Victor T C Koh, Manotosh Ray
PURPOSE: To determine the demographics, risk factors, clinical and microbiological characteristics, and treatment outcome of posttraumatic infective keratitis. METHODS: Consecutive patients with posttraumatic infective keratitis presenting to the Ophthalmology Department of a tertiary referral hospital in Singapore between March 2012 and March 2016 were prospectively identified. A standardized data collection form was used to document patient demographics, microbiological diagnosis, antibiotic sensitivity, and pretreatment and posttreatment ocular characteristics...
July 8, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677399/super-cationic-carbon-quantum-dots-synthesized-from-spermidine-as-an-eye-drop-formulation-for-topical-treatment-of-bacterial-keratitis
#19
Hong-Jyuan Jian, Ren-Siang Wu, Tzu-Yu Lin, Yu-Jia Li, Han-Jia Lin, Scott G Harroun, Jui-Yang Lai, Chih-Ching Huang
We have developed a one-step method to synthesize carbon quantum dots (CQDPAs) from biogenic polyamines (PAs) as an antibacterial agent for topical treatment of bacterial keratitis (BK). CQDs synthesized by direct pyrolysis of spermidine (Spd) powder through a simple dry heating treatment exhibit a solubility and yield much higher than those from putrescine and spermine. We demonstrate that CQDs obtained from Spds (CQDSpds) possess effective antibacterial activities against non-multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis bacteria and also against the multidrug-resistant bacteria, methicillin-resistant S...
July 25, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631638/clinicomicrobiological-profile-of-endophthalmitis-a-10-year-experience-in-a-tertiary-care-center-in-north-india
#20
Gita Satpathy, Niranjan Nayak, Meenakshi Wadhwani, Pradeep Venkwatesh, Atul Kumar, Yograj Sharma, Vishnu Sreenivas
PURPOSE: To determine the clinicomicrobiological profile of infectious agents and their antibiotic susceptibility in different type of endophthalmitis. METHODS: A retrospective review of clinical and microbiological records from January 2001 to December 2010, was performed in 1110 patients diagnosed with different type of endophthalmitis (postoperative, posttraumatic, endogenous and post keratitis) to record the demographic details, clinical presentations; microbiological agents isolated with their antimicrobial sensitivity pattern...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
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