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Menstruation and infection

D Feyaerts, T Kuret, B van Cranenbroek, S van der Zeeuw-Hingrez, O W H van der Heijden, A van der Meer, I Joosten, R G van der Molen
STUDY QUESTION: Is the natural killer (NK) cell receptor repertoire of endometrial NK (eNK) cells tissue-specific? SUMMARY ANSWER: The NK cell receptor (NKR) expression profile in pre-pregnancy endometrium appears to have a unique tissue-specific phenotype, different from that found in NK cells in peripheral blood, suggesting that these cells are finely tuned towards the reception of an allogeneic fetus. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: NK cells are important for successful pregnancy...
February 13, 2018: Human Reproduction
Jordan Z Zhou, Sing Sing Way, Kang Chen
Along with the maintenance of symbiotic mutualism with commensal microbes and protection against invasive infections common to all mucosal barrier tissues, female reproductive tissues have additional, unique tasks that include dynamic cyclic cellular turnover in menstruation and immunological tolerance to genetically foreign fetal antigens in pregnancy. Here we review current knowledge on distinct features of the immune cells in female reproductive tissue with regard to antimicrobial host defense and adaptations to accommodate the fetus during pregnancy...
February 9, 2018: Trends in Immunology
Alan Leviton, Robert M Joseph, Elizabeth N Allred, T Michael O'Shea, Karl K C Kuban
BACKGROUND: Children born extremely preterm are at increased risk of learning limitations. AIM: To identify the antecedents of learning limitations of children born extremely preterm. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational study from birth to age 10 years. Variables entered into the multinomial logistic regression analyses were ordered temporally, with the earliest occurring predictors/covariates of each learning limitation risk entered first and not displaced by later occurring covariates...
February 6, 2018: Early Human Development
Shailesh Puntambekar, Milind Telang, Pankaj Kulkarni, Seema Puntambekar, Sanjeev Jadhav, Mangesh Panse, Ravindra Sathe, Nikhil Agarkhedkar, Neeta Warty, Sandesh Kade, Manoj Manchekar, Hirav Parekh, Kajal Parikh, Riddhi Desai, Mehul Mehta, Mihir Chitale, Bhushan Kinholkar, Joy Shankar Jana, Avinash Pare, Abhay Sadre, Swapnil Karnik, Abhay Mane, Giriraj Gandhi, Shailendra Kanade, Uday Phadke
OBJECTIVE: To report the first ever laparoscopic-assisted live donor uterus retrieval in two patients for uterus transplant DESIGN: Case study (Canadian Task Force Classification Level III) SETTING: Galaxy CARE Laparoscopy Institute, Pune, India PATIENT(S): Two patients with AUFI with their mothers as donors. INTERVENTION(S): A twelve member team was formed and approval for transplant was obtained from Institutional Review Board (IRB). Pre transplant, In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) for both patients was done...
January 20, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Xiaotong Li, Huanfang Xu, Yigong Fang, Jie Shang, Huisheng Yang, Xuelin Zhou, Minglong Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect and safety of acupuncture with regulating menstruation to promote pregnancy for diminished ovarian reverse (DOR). METHODS: According to prospective case series, 46 patients were observed and finally 40 cases were included. The acupoints were ① Baihui (GV 20), Shenting (GV 24), Guanyuan (CV 4) and bilateral Benshen (GB 13), Huangshu (KI 16), Dahe (KI 12), Luanchao (Extra), Zusanli (ST 36), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Taixi (KI 3), Taichong (LR 3) and ② bilateral Shenshu (BL 23) and Ciliao (BL 32)...
October 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Hema Sharma, Debra Smith, Claire E Turner, Laurence Game, Bruno Pichon, Russell Hope, Robert Hill, Angela Kearns, Shiranee Sriskandan
Staphylococcal toxic shock syndrome (TSS) was originally described in menstruating women and linked to TSS toxin 1 (TSST-1)-producing Staphylococcus aureus. Using UK national surveillance data, we ascertained clinical, molecular and superantigenic characteristics of TSS cases. Average annual TSS incidence was 0.07/100,000 population. Patients with nonmenstrual TSS were younger than those with menstrual TSS but had the same mortality rate. Children <16 years of age accounted for 39% of TSS cases, most caused by burns and skin and soft tissue infections...
February 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Prakash Mathiyalagen, Birundhanjali Peramasamy, Kavita Vasudevan, Mausumi Basu, Johnson Cherian, Buvaneshwari Sundar
Introduction: Menstruation is a milestone event in a girl's life and the beginning of reproductive life. Lack of knowledge and poor sanitary practices during menstruation has been associated with serious ill-health ranging from genital tract infections, urinary tract infections, and bad odor. Aim: This study aims to explore the knowledge, attitude, and practices about menstrual hygiene and perceived reproductive morbidity among adolescent school girls in Puducherry...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Guzhalinuer Abulizi, Hua Li, Patiman Mijiti, Tangnuer Abulimiti, Jing Cai, Jie Gao, Dandan Meng, Reyihanguli Abula, Tunishahan Abudereyimu, Anarguli Aizezi, You Lin Qiao
We investigated the incidence of HPV and risk factors for infection among rural Uyghur women in the Xinjiang province of northwestern China, where there is a high incidence of cervical cancer. We used the careHPV kit to test 6000 sexually active Uyghur women aged 21 to 60 years for HPV, and conducted a comprehensive questionnaire survey to identify relevant HPV infection factors. Our data show the HPV infection rate to be 8.42%, which is lower than 11.7% reported worldwide, despite the higher cervical cancer incidence...
November 17, 2017: Oncotarget
Richard M Rasesemola, Tendani S Ramukumba, Majapi Masala-Chokwe, Zerish Z Nkosi
BACKGROUND: Gender roles influence men's attitudes towards reproductive health, and society might assume that reproductive health issues, fertility and family planning are women's responsibilities. Moreover, literature shows that men have insufficient knowledge about reproductive health matters and some misconceptions about modern contraceptive practices. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to describe reproductive health knowledge of men in Mankweng District and was conducted in 2015...
October 19, 2017: Curationis
Abadian Khadige, Zohre Keshavarz, Faraz Mojab, Hamid Alavi Majd
BACKGROUND: Teucrium polium (T. polium; locally called 'kalpooreh') is a herbal medicine with therapeutic effects against diabetes and fungal infections, and it has analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects as well. It is also used traditionally as a remedy in treating headache, dysmenorrhea, convulsions and gastrointestinal disorders. Moreover, its hypoglycemic, hypolipidemic and antibacterial effects have been reported in recent studies. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of T...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
Karina Kapczuk, Zbigniew Friebe, Kinga Iwaniec, Witold Kędzia
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical course of obstructive Müllerian anomalies found in girls after menarche. DESIGN: A retrospective case series of adolescents who, between 2009 and 2016, were treated for vaginal or uterine obstructive malformations diagnosed after menarche. SETTING: Division of Gynecology, Poznań University of Medical Sciences, Poznań, Poland. PARTICIPANTS AND INTERVENTIONS: Twenty-two patients who, at the age range between 11...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
Rakhi Jain, Puneet Anand, Anuj Dhyani, Deshant Bansal
INTRODUCTION: Menstruation in our country is associated with various myths and restrictions leading to lack of awareness among adolescent girls. Insufficient menstrual hygiene practices are the cause of stress associated with menstruation and reproductive tract infections. Sexually transmitted infections and HIV/AIDS are not openly discussed in our society making adolescents vulnerable to them. AIM: To assess the knowledge of school going adolescent girls regarding menstrual hygiene and HIV/AIDS...
January 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
James M Smith, John A Moss, Priya Srinivasan, Irina Butkyavichene, Manjula Gunawardana, Rob Fanter, Christine S Miller, Debbie Sanchez, Flora Yang, Shanon Ellis, Jining Zhang, Mark A Marzinke, Craig W Hendrix, Amita Kapoor, Marc M Baum
Globally, women bear an uneven burden for sexual HIV acquisition. Results from two clinical trials evaluating intravaginal rings (IVRs) delivering the antiretroviral agent dapivirine have shown that protection from HIV infection can be achieved with this modality, but high adherence is essential. Multipurpose prevention technologies (MPTs) can potentially increase product adherence by offering protection against multiple vaginally transmitted infections and unintended pregnancy. Here we describe a coitally independent, long-acting pod-IVR MPT that could potentially prevent HIV and HSV infection as well as unintended pregnancy...
2017: PloS One
Andrea Knittel, Angeline Ti, Sarah Schear, Megan Comfort
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to describe standards for evidence-based reproductive healthcare for incarcerated women. Design/methodology/approach The literature on reproductive healthcare in the US criminal justice system and recommendations from professional organizations were reviewed and critical areas of concern were identified. Within these areas, studies and expert opinion were synthesized and policy recommendations were formulated through an iterative process of group discussion and document revision...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Prisoner Health
Guzhalinuer Abulizi, Hua Li, Patiman Mijiti, Tangnuer Abulimiti, Jing Cai, Jie Gao, Dandan Meng, Reyihanguli Abula, Tunishahan Abudereyimu, Anarguli Aizezi, You Lin Qiao
We investigated the incidence of HPV and risk factors for infection among rural Uyghur women in the Xinjiang province of northwestern China, where there is a high incidence of cervical cancer. We used the careHPV kit to test 6000 sexually active Uyghur women aged 21 to 60 years for HPV, and conducted a comprehensive questionnaire survey to identify relevant HPV infection factors. Our data show the HPV infection rate to be 8.42%, which is lower than 11.7% reported worldwide, despite the higher cervical cancer incidence...
June 30, 2017: Oncotarget
Julie Hennegan, Catherine Dolan, Laurel Steinfield, Paul Montgomery
BACKGROUND: The management of menstruation has come to the fore as a barrier to girls' education attainment in low income contexts. Interventions have been proposed and piloted, but the emerging nature of the field means limited evidence is available to understand their pathways of effect. METHODS: This study describes and compares schoolgirls' experiences of menstruation in rural Uganda at the conclusion of a controlled trial of puberty education and sanitary pad provision to elucidate pathways of effect in the interventions...
June 27, 2017: Reproductive Health
A Deschamps, A Samain, P Carvalho, P Courville, H Levesque, P Musette, P Joly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 27, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Mohamed Berraho, Afaf Amarti-Riffi, Mohammed El-Mzibri, Rachid Bezad, Noureddine Benjaafar, Abdelatif Benideer, Noureddine Matar, Zinab Qmichou, Naima Abda, Mohammed Attaleb, Kaoutar Znati, Hind El Fatemi, Karima Bendahhou, Majdouline Obtel, Abdelhai Filali Adib, Simone Mathoulin-Pelissier, Chakib Nejjari
BACKGROUND: Limited national information is available in Morocco on the prevalence and distribution of HPV-sub-types of cervical cancer and the role of other risk factors. The aim was to determine the frequency of HPV-sub-types of cervical cancer in Morocco and investigate risk factors for this disease. METHODS: Between November 2009 and April 2012 a multicentre case-control study was carried out. A total of 144 cases of cervical cancer and 288 age-matched controls were included...
June 20, 2017: BMC Cancer
Christine Metusela, Jane Ussher, Janette Perz, Alexandra Hawkey, Marina Morrow, Renu Narchal, Jane Estoesta, Melissa Monteiro
PURPOSE: Migrant and refugee women are at risk of negative sexual and reproductive health (SRH) outcomes due to low utilisation of SRH services. SRH is shaped by socio-cultural factors which can act as barriers to knowledge and influence access to healthcare. Research is needed to examine constructions and experiences of SRH in non-English-speaking migrant and refugee women, across a range of cultural groups. METHOD: This qualitative study examined the constructions and experiences of SRH among recent migrant and refugee women living in Sydney, Australia, and Vancouver, Canada...
December 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
S Walker, W Hamilton
There are approximately 3,000 new UK diagnoses of cervical cancer annually, with many women presenting symptomatically. We aimed to identify and quantify features of cervical cancer in primary care in a case-control study in the UK. Putative features of cervical cancer were identified, and odd ratios and positive predictive values (PPVs) were calculated. About 1,006 women aged ≥40 years diagnosed with cervical cancer and 4,992 age-, sex- and practice-matched controls were selected from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink...
May 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
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