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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469669/-i-want-to-walk-with-my-moko-the-application-of-social-cognitive-theory-in-the-creation-of-a-diabetes-prevention-documentary-with-new-zealand-m%C3%A4-ori
#1
Alison Farmer, Timothy Edgar, Jeffrey Gage, Ray Kirk
Type 2 diabetes is almost three times more prevalent in the indigenous people of New Zealand (Māori) than non-Māori. Despite the high rate of diabetes there is a low level of diabetes knowledge and awareness in the Māori community. Several studies of Māori health identify a need for new health communication approaches to diabetes prevention in order to reduce the gap between Māori and non-Māori disease rates. We applied a Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) framework and behavioral theory to create a culturally appropriate documentary for Māori at risk for type 2 diabetes...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468930/navigating-nuances-of-language-and-meaning-challenges-of-cross-language-ethnography-involving-shona-speakers-living-with-schizophrenia
#2
Sherphard Chidarikire, Merylin Cross, Isabelle Skinner, Michelle Cleary
For people living with schizophrenia, their experience is personal and culturally bound. Focused ethnography enables researchers to understand people's experiences in-context, a prerequisite to providing person-centered care. Data are gathered through observational fieldwork and in-depth interviews with cultural informants. Regardless of the culture, ethnographic research involves resolving issues of language, communication, and meaning. This article discusses the challenges faced by a bilingual, primary mental health nurse researcher when investigating the experiences of people living with schizophrenia in Zimbabwe...
February 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468518/cultural-factors-influencing-osteoarthritis-care-in-asian-communities-a-review-of-the-evidence
#3
REVIEW
Thrmiga Sathiyamoorthy, Shabana Amanda Ali, Marita Kloseck
With the prevalence of osteoarthritis (OA) increasing internationally, there is a need to study the impact of this disease on culturally diverse populations. Individuals of Asian descent make up more than 60% of the world population, yet comprehensive information on the cultural factors that impact OA care is not available. Scoping review methodology using directed content analysis was employed to identify and analyze existing research on OA care for Asians. A categorization matrix was developed using the six care areas from the OA clinical practice guidelines along with an additional three non-clinical areas (cross-cultural adaptation of clinical tools; psychological well-being; family systems and informal care) identified in an initial scan resulting in a total of nine OA care areas to guide initial coding...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468051/the-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-of-doctors-regarding-antibiotic-resistance-at-a-tertiary-care-institution-in-the-caribbean
#4
Alison Nicholson, Ingrid Tennant, Livingston White, Camille-Ann Thoms-Rodriguez, Loraine Cook, Stephen Johnson, Tamara Thompson, Jasper Barnett, Lundie Richards
Background: Antibiotic resistance (ABR) is a serious threat that requires coordinated global intervention to prevent its spread. There is limited data from the English-speaking Caribbean. Methods: As part of a national programme to address antibiotic resistance in Jamaica, a survey of the knowledge, attitudes and antibiotic prescribing practices of Jamaican physicians was conducted using a 32-item self-administered questionnaire. Results: Of the eight hundred physicians targeted, 87% responded...
2018: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467590/pause-a-patient-centric-tool-to-support-patient-provider-engagement-on-menopause
#5
Rebecca Ashkenazy, Mary Elizabeth Peterson
There are powerful demographic, political, and environmental trends shaping women's health. Increases in life expectancy, literacy, and empowerment are fueling expansions in education and advocacy. Research and development focuses on women's health and fertility across an expanded age spectrum. There is also a cultural emphasis on antiaging and aesthetics. In parallel, the digital revolution is changing how health care is accessed by and delivered to women. A women's journey through menopause is at the crossroads of these transformations...
2018: Clinical Medicine Insights. Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467561/development-of-a-participatory-capacity-building-program-for-congregational-health-leaders-in-african-american-churches-in-the-us-south
#6
Mercedes M Morales-Alemán, Artisha Moore, Isabel C Scarinci
African Americans are disproportionately affected by diabetes and colorectal cancer. Although studies have shown the effectiveness of spiritually based health interventions delivered by community health workers to African Americans, few have described the development of the capacity-building component. This article describes this process. The development of the Healthy Congregations Healthy Communities Program (HCHC) was guided through a community-based participatory research lens and included: 1) establishment of a community coalition; 2) identification by coalition members of churches as the best venues for health promotion strategies among African Americans; 3) recruitment of churches; 4) development of a training manual; 5) recruitment and training of congregational health leaders (CHLs); and 6) "Passing of the torch" from the coalition to the CHLs who implemented the intervention in their congregations...
2018: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464876/pilot-towards-developing-a-school-mental-health-service-experiences-and-lessons-learnt-in-implementing-kenya-integrated-intervention-model-for-dialogue-and-screening-to-promote-children-s-mental-well-being
#7
Victoria N Mutiso, Christine W Musyimi, Abednego M Musau, Erick S Nandoya, Kwame Mckenzie, David M Ndetei
AIM: This paper aims at documenting the process of implementing "Kenya Integrated intervention model for Dialogue and Screening to promote children's mental wellbeing (KIDS)", with emphasis on activities, experiences, challenges and lessons learnt through the process that can inform improvement in Kenya and other social-economically and culturally similar settings. METHODS: KIDS aimed at providing early and integrated culturally acceptable intervention to promote child mental health in 6 to 13 year olds, targeting 5429 children in 24 schools...
February 21, 2018: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463964/culturally-sensitive-chiropractic-care-of-the-transgender-community-a-narrative-review-of-the-literature
#8
REVIEW
Michele J Maiers, William K Foshee, Heidi Henson Dunlap
Objectives: Transgender individuals commonly experience barriers to quality health care and may suffer from unique musculoskeletal complaints. Although these needs are often inadequately addressed within the health care system, they could be attended to by the chiropractic community. This narrative review describes best practices for delivering culturally sensitive care to transgender patients within the context of chiropractic offices. Methods: A literature search generated peer-reviewed material on culturally competent care of the transgender community...
December 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461580/-p-ethnic-and-cultural-aspects-of-type-2-diabetes-p
#9
Louise Bennet
Political instability the last decades has forced millions of people to migrate from their homelands. In Sweden today, 1.6 million are born abroad, of which the largest immigrant groups originate from the Middle East. Immigrants from these areas represent high risk populations for type 2 diabetes with prevalence of type 2 diabetes twice as high compared to the native Swedish population. The mechanisms behind this increased diabetes risk are not fully unraveled but are likely connected to lifestyle, socioeconomic situation, genetics and epigenetics...
February 20, 2018: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460794/definitions-of-hunger-and-fullness-among-youth-enrolled-in-a-pediatric-weight-management-program
#10
Heather Bernstein, Melissa Santos
The development and maintenance of obesity is multifactorial and involves the interplay of environmental, cultural, social, and biological influences. The purpose of the current paper was to describe hunger and fullness in a sample of pediatric patients seeking treatment for obesity. The goals of this study were to gain information about how youth with obesity describe their experience of being hungry and full and to explore common themes within these descriptions. Twenty-five patients entering a Stage 3 pediatric obesity program responded to the open-ended questions: "how do you know when you are hungry" and "how do you know when you are full?" The results found that the majority of youth used physical cues as a way to identify hunger and fullness cues...
February 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459471/gender-sex-as-a-social-determinant-of-cardiovascular-risk
#11
REVIEW
Adrienne O'Neil, Anna J Scovelle, Allison J Milner, Anne Kavanagh
The social gradient for cardiovascular disease (CVD) onset and outcomes is well established. The American Heart Association's Social Determinants of Risk and Outcomes of Cardiovascular Disease Scientific Statement advocates looking beyond breakthroughs in biological science toward a social determinants approach that focuses on socioeconomic position, race and ethnicity, social support, culture and access to medical care, and residential environments to curb the burden of CVD going forward. Indeed, the benefits of this approach are likely to be far reaching, enhancing the positive effects of advances in CVD related to prevention and treatment while reducing health inequities that contribute to CVD onset and outcomes...
February 20, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459389/tobacco-industry-misappropriation-of-american-indian-culture-and-traditional-tobacco
#12
Joanne D'Silva, Erin O'Gara, Nicole T Villaluz
OBJECTIVE: Describe the extent to which tobacco industry marketing tactics incorporated American Indian culture and traditional tobacco. METHODS: A keyword search of industry documents was conducted using document archives from the Truth Tobacco Documents Library. Tobacco industry documents (n=76) were analysed for themes. RESULTS: Tobacco industry marketing tactics have incorporated American Indian culture and traditional tobacco since at least the 1930s, with these tactics prominently highlighted during the 1990s with Natural American Spirit cigarettes...
February 19, 2018: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456226/three-cases-of-prune-belly-syndrome-at-the-lagos-state-university-teaching-hospital-ikeja
#13
Adaobi U Solarin, Elizabeth A Disu, Henry O Gbelee, Adeola B Animasahaun, Oluwatosin E Aremu, Eucharia Ogbuokiri, Gbemisola O Ogunnaike, Alaba Oladimeji
Prune belly syndrome (PBS) is a rare congenital disorder affecting 2.5 to 3.8/100,000 live births worldwide. Our objective of this report is to describe clinical manifestation, laboratory, and radiological characteristics of PBS in our patients, to highlight the limitations to offering appropriate patient care due to parents demanding discharge against medical advice and the need to increase the awareness regarding this rare disease. We report three cases; all referred after birth with lax abdominal wall, congenital anomalies of kidney, and urinary tract...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455628/ng%C3%A4-whak%C3%A4-whitinga-standing-at-the-crossroads-how-m%C3%A4-ori-understand-what-western-psychiatry-calls-schizophrenia
#14
Melissa Taitimu, John Read, Tracey McIntosh
This project explored how Māori understand experiences commonly labelled "schizophrenic" or "psychotic". Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 57 Māori participants who had either personal experiences labelled as "psychosis" or "schizophrenia", or who work with people with such experiences; including tangata whaiora (users of mental health services), tohunga (traditional healers), kaumatua/kuia (elders), Māori clinicians, cultural support workers and students...
January 1, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450662/preconception-counseling-for-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-diabetes-a-literature-review-of-the-past-10-years
#15
REVIEW
Frances Peterson-Burch, Hiba Abujaradeh, Nicole Charache, Andrea Fischl, Denise Charron-Prochownik
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Women with diabetes who have unplanned pregnancies and uncontrolled blood sugars are at a higher risk for maternal and fetal morbidities and mortalities. Preconception counseling (PC) has been shown to decrease the risks and improve health outcomes. From 2009 to 2017, the American Diabetes Association has recommended that preconception counseling be given at each clinic visit for all women with diabetes of childbearing age starting at puberty (prior to sexual debut)...
February 15, 2018: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450196/recruitment-and-lessons-learned-from-a-community-based-intervention-program-the-learning-families-project-in-hong-kong
#16
Joanna T W Chu, Alice Wan, Sunita M Stewart, Kwok Tung Ng, Tai Hing Lam, Sophia S Chan
Background: Recruitment is central to any research project, and recruitment itself should be well documented and researched. We describe our recruitment efforts for a community-based research project-entitled the Learning Families Project-conducted in Hong Kong. Methods: In collaboration with community stakeholders, residents from a public housing estate were recruited to participate in family programs aimed at enhancing family well-being. Various recruitment strategies were employed including the distribution of 19,200 leaflets, 688 posters, a banner, a kick-off ceremony, 10 promotion activities, 1,000 direct calls, word of mouth, 51 mobile counters, and 10 door-to-door visits...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448988/public-awareness-and-knowledge-of-stuttering-in-japan
#17
Daichi Iimura, Yasuto Yada, Kazuya Imaizumi, Toshimitsu Takeuchi, Manami Miyawaki, John Van Borsel
PURPOSE: To determine laypeople's knowledge and awareness of stuttering in Japan. METHODS: A total of 303 respondents, recruited by street sampling, completed a questionnaire assessing the prevalence, onset, gender distribution, occurrence in different races, cause, treatment, association with intelligence, and hereditariness of stuttering. The questionnaire used was a Japanese version of that devised by Van Borsel, Verniers, and Bouvry (1999) for use in Belgium...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448972/bullying-and-sexual-harassment-of-junior-doctors-in-new-south-wales-australia-rate-and-reporting-outcomes
#18
Anthony Llewellyn, Aspasia Karageorge, Louise Nash, Wenlong Li, Dennis Neuen
Objective The aim of this study was to describe rates of exposure to bullying and sexual harassment in junior doctors in first- or second-year prevocational medical training (PGY1 or PGY2 respectively) positions in New South Wales (NSW) and the Australian Capital Territory (ACT), and to explore the types of actions taken in response. Methods A cross-sectional survey of junior doctors in PGY1 or PGY2 positions was undertaken in 2015 and 2016 (n=374 and 440 respectively). Thematic analysis was undertaken on free-text responses to describe the reporting process and outcomes in more depth...
February 16, 2018: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447625/predicting-help-seeking-behavior-the-impact-of-knowing-someone-close-who-has-sought-help
#19
David J Disabato, Jerome L Short, Diane M Lameira, Karen D Bagley, Stephanie J Wong
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to replicate and extend research on social facilitators of college student's help seeking for psychological problems. PARTICIPANTS: We collected data on 420 ethnically diverse college students at a large public university (September 2008 - May 2010). METHODS: Students completed a cross-sectional online survey. RESULTS: We found that students who were aware of close others' (e.g., family, friends) help seeking were two times more likely to have sought formal (e...
February 15, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440877/psychometric-properties-and-assessment-of-the-osteoporosis-health-belief-scale-among-the-general-arabic-population
#20
Mohanad Naji Sahib
Background: Any educational program should be implemented with a good understanding of the population's beliefs. Therefore, the aims of this study were to validate the Arabic version of the Osteoporosis Health Belief Scale (OHBS-A) and assess the osteoprotective attitude among the Iraqi population. Methods: A cross-sectional design, with a random cluster sampling method from the community, was used. The forward-backward-forward translation method was used to translate the questionnaire from English to Arabic...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
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