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Cultural awareness

Kyung Min Park, Young Min Shin, Kyobum Kim, Heungsoo Shin
In 2017, a new paradigm change caused by artificial intelligence and big data analysis resulted in innovation in each field of science and technology, and also significantly influenced progress in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine (TERM). TERM has continued to make technological advances based on interdisciplinary approaches and has contributed to the overall field of biomedical technology including cancer biology, personalized medicine, development biology, and cell-based therapeutics. While researchers are aware that there is still a long way to go until TERM reaches the ultimate goal of patient treatment through clinical translation, the rapid progress in convergence studies led by technological improvements in TERM has been encouraging...
March 13, 2018: Tissue Engineering. Part B, Reviews
Aschenaki Z Kea, Olivia Tulloch, Daniel G Datiko, Sally Theobald, Maryse C Kok
BACKGROUND: In 2015 the maternal mortality ratio for Ethiopia was 353 per 100,000 live births. Large numbers of women do not use maternal health services. This study aimed to identify factors influencing the use of maternal health services at the primary health care unit (PHCU) level in rural communities in Sidama zone, south Ethiopia in order to design quality improvement interventions. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative study in six woredas in 2013: 14 focus group discussions (FGDs) and 44 in-depth interviews with purposefully selected community members (women, male, traditional birth attendants, local kebele administrators), health professionals and health extension workers (HEWs) at PHCUs...
April 12, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Mohammad Ali Morowatisharifabad, Aliakbar Vaezi, Neda Mohammadinia
Background: Menarche is an independent puberty event in a girl's life, and is associated with physical growth, ability in marriage and fertility. Therefore, poor menstrual health can be a major determinant of morbidity, as well as physical, mental and social problems in this age group. Objective: The aim of this study was to explore the effective factors on menstrual health among female students in Bam city. Methods: The qualitative study was conducted using content analysis approach in 2017...
February 2018: Electronic Physician
Serena Lucrezi, Salih Murat Egi, Massimo Pieri, Francois Burman, Tamer Ozyigit, Danilo Cialoni, Guy Thomas, Alessandro Marroni, Melville Saayman
Introduction: Scuba diving is an important marine tourism sector, but requires proper safety standards to reduce the risks and increase accessibility to its market. To achieve safety goals, safety awareness and positive safety attitudes in recreational scuba diving operations are essential. However, there is no published research exclusively focusing on scuba divers' and dive centres' perceptions toward safety. This study assessed safety perceptions in recreational scuba diving operations, with the aim to inform and enhance safety and risk management programmes within the scuba diving tourism industry...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
P Myles, S Swenshon, K Haase, T Szeles, C Jung, F Jacobi, B Rath
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the psychological trauma experienced by children and young adults (CYAs) following displacement after natural disasters vs migration from conflict zones. In both instances, the decision to leave is usually cast by the family, and the life of CYAs is suddenly disrupted by external circumstances. STUDY DESIGN: An anonymous survey. METHODS: The same survey instrument, provided by the National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN), was used to survey self-reported health needs among CYAs during the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina (Health Survey for Children and Adolescents After Katrina) in October 2005-February 2006 and again during the peak of refugee arrivals in Berlin between October 2015 and March 2016...
April 5, 2018: Public Health
Carme Font, Annmarie Nelson, Tanya Garcia-Fernandez, Hayley Prout, Peter Gee, Simon Noble
INTRODUCTION: The previously reported Patients' Experience of LIving with CANcer-associated thrombosis (PELICAN) identified several areas of unmet clinical and support need for cancer patients diagnosed with venous thromboembolism (VTE) in the UK. It is not known whether such experiences are restricted to one particular country's healthcare system and culture. We therefore undertook an evaluation of patients' experience of cancer-associated thrombosis (CAT) within a Spanish setting. METHODS: Twenty consecutive Spanish patients with CAT were interviewed about their experiences of living with CAT as per the previous PELICAN study...
April 7, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Caroline A Browne, Catherine M Fetherston
BACKGROUND: International clinical placements provide undergraduate students with a unique and complex clinical learning environment, to explore cultural awareness, experience different health care settings and achieve clinical competencies. Higher education institutions need to consider how to structure these placements to ensure appropriate and achievable aims and learning outcomes. OBJECTIVES: In this study we described the structure, aims and learning outcomes associated with international clinical placement opportunities currently undertaken by Australian undergraduate nursing students in the Asia region...
April 2, 2018: Nurse Education Today
Junpeng Zhang, Weiying Li, Jiping Chen, Wanqi Qi, Feng Wang, Yanyan Zhou
There is growing awareness of the antibiotic-resistance crisis and its implications for public health among clinicians, researchers, politicians, and the public. We studied bacterial antibiotic resistance transition and the role of biofilms in a drinking water distribution system (DWDS). We tracked several different antibiotic resistant bacteria (ARB) with resistance to tetracycline, sulfamethoxazole, clindamycin, and norfloxacin for one year in a DWDS. The results indicated that the amount of ARB increased in tap water, presumably due to biofilm detachment...
March 22, 2018: Chemosphere
Nneka I Okafor, Ngozi N Joe-Ikechebelu, Joseph I Ikechebelu
There is a high rate of infertility among couples in Nigeria. This challenge is perceived differently in each socio-cultural context in which it is experienced but solution to the problem is adversely affected by the people's perception of the phenomenon. This study thus explored the perceptions of infertility and in vitro fertilization (IVF) and how to enhance the use of IVF treatment among married couples. This was a cross-sectional survey in Anambra State, Nigeria involving household respondents (married couples) and hospital respondents (couples undergoing infertility evaluation)...
December 2017: African Journal of Reproductive Health
Alistair Hewison, Yvonne Sawbridge, Robert Cragg, Laura Rogers, Sarah Lehmann, Jane Rook
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to report an evaluation of a leading-with-compassion recognition scheme and to present a new framework for compassion derived from the data. Design/methodology/approach Qualitative semi-structured interviews, a focus group and thematic data analysis. Content analysis of 1,500 nominations of compassionate acts. Findings The scheme highlighted that compassion towards staff and patients was important. Links to the wider well-being strategies of some of the ten organisations involved were unclear...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Health Organization and Management
Linda Rozmovits, Helen Mai, Alexandra Chambers, Kelvin Chan
Objectives While there is wide support for patient engagement in health technology assessment, determining what constitutes meaningful (as opposed to tokenistic) engagement is complex. This paper explores reviewer and payer perceptions of what constitutes meaningful patient engagement in the Pan-Canadian Oncology Drug Review process. Methods Qualitative interview study comprising 24 semi-structured telephone interviews. A qualitative descriptive approach, employing the technique of constant comparison, was used to produce a thematic analysis...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
Kelly Berryhill, Jason Hale, Brian Chase, Lauren Clark, Jianghua He, Christine M Daley
The purpose of this study was to determine levels of food security among American Indians (AI) living in the Midwest and possible correlations between food security levels and various health outcomes, diet, and demographic variables. This study used a cross-sectional design to determine health behaviors among AI. Participants (n = 362) were recruited by AI staff through various cultural community events in the Midwest, such as powwows and health fairs. Inclusion criteria included the following: age 18 years or older, self-identify as an AI, and willing to participate in the survey...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Joni Watson
OBJECTIVE: To describe the increasing professional use of social media within oncology health care practice. DATA SOURCES: Peer-reviewed and lay publications. CONCLUSION: Social media has changed the communication landscape over the last 15 years. An integral part of worldwide culture, oncology health care professionals can utilize social media to listen, learn, engage, and co-create to advance cancer care. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING PRACTICE: Nurses must be aware of the professional uses for social media, how to use the media, and where to find evidence supporting health care social media efforts within cancer care...
April 2, 2018: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
Feziwe Mpondo, Robert A C Ruiter, Dilana Schaafsma, Bart van den Borne, Priscilla S Reddy
BACKGROUND: the decline in South Africa's HIV infection rates especially among young women is encouraging. However, studies show that the 15-24-year-old cohort remains vulnerable. As they still report early sexual debut, being involved in sexual partnerships with older men as well as having unprotected sex. These risky sexual behaviors may be linked to factors such as the parent-child sexual health communication and the timing of the first talk. The quality of sexual health information received in school may also be important for enhancing healthier sexual behaviors...
December 2018: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
Yanping Tang, Jingmin Deng, Jianquan Zhang, Xiaoning Zhong, Ye Qiu, Hui Zhang, Haiguang Xu
Some subtropical regions with similar climatic conditions to melioidosis-endemic areas, such as southern Guangxi, may be new endemic zones for melioidosis. We retrospectively reviewed seven culture-proven melioidosis patients from October 2006 to March 2015. Their clinical characteristics, diagnosis, and treatment, and the geographical and environmental factors were analyzed. Seven male patients lived at latitudes of 21-23°N in Beihai, Nanning, Chongzuo City of the Guangxi Province. Symptom onset occurred during the rainy season...
April 2, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Nasya S Tan, Harold Custodio, Mandy LaBreche, Cleo Carlos Fex, Vanessa Tui'one May, Jane Ka'ala Pang, Victor Kaiwi Pang, Lola Sablan-Santos, Tupou Toilolo, Alisi Tulua, Dorothy Schmidt Vaivao, Melanie Sabado-Liwag, James Russell Pike, Bin Xie, Patchareeya P Kwan, Paula Healani Palmer, Sora Park Tanjasiri
Despite increasing rates of cancer, biospecimen donations for cancer research remains low among Pacific Islanders (PIs). To address this disparity, researchers partnered with PI community organizations to develop and test a theory-based culturally tailored educational intervention designed to raise awareness about the issues surrounding biospecimen research. A total of 219 self-identified PI adults in Southern California were recruited to participate in a one-group pre-post design study. Participants completed questionnaires that assessed their knowledge and attitude regarding biospecimen research before and after viewing an educational video and receiving print materials...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
Anita E Heywood, Nicholas Zwar
Background: Travellers visiting friends and relatives (VFR travellers) in their country of origin are at increased risk of a range of preventable infections. Risks are broadly related to circumstances of travel, risk misconceptions and access to health services. Despite nearly two decades of literature highlighting these increased risks little impact has been made on their risk disparity. Methods: This review draws on evidence from travel medicine literature, supplemented by evidence from the broader field of immigrant health, and is structured to include strategies that aim to reduce barriers at the patient, provider and health system level...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Travel Medicine
Jennie Ponsford, Marina Downing, Helen Pechlivanidis
Most traumatic brain injury (TBI) outcome studies have been conducted in developed countries involving individuals from the dominant culture. The present study compared outcomes following TBI in individuals from Culturally and Linguistically Diverse (CALD) backgrounds with those from non-CALD backgrounds. 103 CALD and 103 non-CALD participants with predominantly moderate to severe TBI completed a series of questionnaires an average of 22 months post-injury. Groups were comparable in most demographic and injury-related variables, but CALD participants had lower pre-injury employment rates...
April 2, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Zohreh Kalani, Zahra Pourmovahed, Tahmineh Farajkhoda, Imane Bagheri
Background: It is believed that women of all ages do less physical activities compared to men. The development of interventional projects for increasing the women's participation in physical activity needs the recognition of resources and exploration of women's perspectives on exercise in their lives in the Iranian culture and context. Methods: This qualitative study was conducted in an urban area of Iran on 46 women attending healthcare centers, volunteer health care providers, university students, sportswomen and one of the officials of the provincial women's sports...
April 2018: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
Curinckx Hilde, Welsh Marion, Nieuwenhuijze Marianne
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to explore the lived experience of Flemish midwifery students undertaking an internship in Suriname. DESIGN: Hermeneutic phenomenological method as described by van Manen. METHODS: Seven midwifery students from one University College were selected purposefully for an in-depth interview during their internship abroad within the period October-November 2014. All interviews were audio-taped, transcribed verbatim and analysed thematically...
March 21, 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
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