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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726443/contextualizing-risk-and-protection-perceptions-of-bedouin-mothers-from-unrecognized-villages-in-the-naqab
#1
Ibtisam Marey-Sarwan, Dorit Roer-Strier, Hiltrud Otto
This qualitative study utilizes ecological theory, a context-informed perspective, and an interactive model to study minority children, while considering structural factors, oppression, segregation, power dynamics, and awareness of the political context. It examines perceptions of risk and protection using "snowball" sampling of 33 Bedouin mothers, citizens of Israel, from the unrecognized villages (UVs) in the Naqab in Southern Israel. Data were collected via in-depth, semistructured interviews during 2011 to 2013...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726247/women-s-attitudes-to-safe-induced-abortion-in-iran-findings-from-a-pilot-survey
#2
Nader Aghakhani, Michelle Cleary, Abbas Zarei, Violeta Lopez
AIM: To explore attitudes to safe-induced abortion among pregnant women in Iran. BACKGROUND: In Islamic teachings abortion is generally forbidden. However in specific circumstances abortion may be permitted and currently, in Iran, the law allows termination of pregnancy only if three specialist physicians confirm that the pregnancy outcome may be harmful for the mother during pregnancy or after birth. DESIGN: Pilot, descriptive survey. METHODS: A 15-item structured questionnaire focusing on attitudes to safe-induced abortion was developed and pilot tested...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724818/to-assess-knowledge-and-attitude-of-parents-toward-children-suffering-from-strabismus-in-indian-subcontinent
#3
Anirudh Singh, Vipin Rana, Sagarika Patyal, Santosh Kumar, Sanjay K Mishra, Vijay K Sharma
PURPOSE: Strabismus and anisometropia are the most common causes of amblyopia. It can be easily prevented or treated if detected early. With the changing socio-cultural-economic milieu of the society, the perspectives of strabismus in society are gradually changing but still adequate knowledge, awareness, and attitude of parents toward strabismus will help in preventing amblyopia and aid in the proper psychosocial adaptation of such children. This study aimed to assess knowledge and attitude of parents toward children suffering from strabismus...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720273/meeting-psychosocial-and-health-information-needs-to-ensure-quality-of-cancer-care-in-outpatients
#4
Maria Francesca Piazza, Maura Galletta, Igor Portoghese, Ilaria Pilia, Maria Teresa Ionta, Paolo Contu, Alessandra Mereu, Marcello Campagna
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate patients' and caregivers' health needs for a re-orientation program based on principles of health promotion in an Oncology Department from an Italian University Hospital. METHOD: A Cross-sectional design with qualitative and quantitative approaches was used. Participants included cancer patients and their caregivers. Information about disease concerns were collected using a survey form. Information about healthy lifestyle was obtained using motivational interviews...
August 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720270/cancer-through-black-eyes-the-views-of-uk-based-black-men-towards-cancer-a-constructivist-grounded-theory-study
#5
Betselot Mulugeta, Susan Williamson, Rob Monks, Thomas Hack, Kinta Beaver
PURPOSE: Little is known about black African (BA) and black African-Caribbean (BAC) men's views towards cancer; yet culture and acculturation can contribute to the way in which people understand, explain and develop their attitudes towards cancer. Hence, cancer prevention and early detection strategies may not be sensitive to United Kingdom (UK)-based black men's views, affecting their awareness of risk factors and early detection services. This study explored the views of UK-based BA and BAC men towards cancer...
August 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719395/closing-the-gap-in-cochlear-implant-access-for-african-americans-a-story-of-outreach-and-collaboration-by-our-cochlear-implant-program
#6
Sheree Sims, Lisa Houston, Ivy Schweinzger, Ravi N Samy
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Minorities often lag behind in hearing loss evaluation and treatment. Our cochlear implant program aimed to identify the socioeconomic and cultural barriers that prevented our African-American cochlear implant candidates from seeking help for their hearing loss, specifically cochlear implant surgery. RECENT FINDINGS: Our pilot study surveyed 11 African-Americans with cochlear implants and identified obstacles that included patient-physician mistrust, social stigma, financial cost, and lack of education about the devices and procedures...
July 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719229/experiences-using-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-for-safer-conception-among-hiv-serodiscordant-heterosexual-couples-in-the-united-states
#7
Angela R Bazzi, Ashley A Leech, Dea L Biancarelli, Meg Sullivan, Mari-Lynn Drainoni
Antiretroviral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a promising HIV prevention strategy for HIV serodiscordant couples (HIV-infected male, uninfected female) seeking safer conception. However, most research on PrEP for safer conception has focused on couples in sub-Saharan Africa; little is known about the perspectives or experiences of heterosexual couples in the United States. We conducted qualitative interviews with six couples (six women and five of their male partners) receiving PrEP for conception services at an urban safety net hospital in the US Northeast...
July 18, 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717921/female-headed-households-associated-with-lower-childhood-stunting-across-culturally-diverse-regions-of-pakistan-results-from-a-cross-sectional-household-survey
#8
Hina Khalid, Erika G Martin
Objectives Early childhood stunting adversely influences long-term cognitive and health outcomes. There is limited evidence on whether female empowerment within households could reduce its prevalence. We investigated this relationship in Punjab, Pakistan, which has high stunting rates and a sizeable proportion of female-headed households, and whether this relationship differed across three provincial regions with diverse cultural attitudes towards the role of women in society. Methods Using cross-sectional data from the 2011 Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey, we identified 13,412 children aged 1-4 from 8985 two-parent households in three culturally distinct regions in Punjab, Pakistan...
July 17, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716618/evaluation-of-a-video-based-seminar-to-raise-healthcare-professionals-awareness-of-culturally-sensitive-end-of-life-care
#9
Dulce M Cruz-Oliver, Theodore K Malmstrom, Michael Roegner, Gwen Yeo
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of a newly developed telenovela, or video soap opera, on healthcare professionals (HCP)' awareness of caregivers' stress and patients' cultural approaches to end-of-life (EOL) care decisions. METHODS: A multi-center cross-sectional study among three communities in New York, Miami and Missouri. Participants from a convenience sample of multidisciplinary HCP were randomly assigned to view power point presentation with either a control-video or an intervention-telenovela about caregiving as part of a one- hour audiovisual seminar and completed a pre-posttest questionnaire to evaluate reaction and learning...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716549/emotional-labour-and-aboriginal-maternal-infant-care-workers-the-invisible-load
#10
R Kirkham, A Rumbold, E Hoon, D Stuart-Butler, V Moore
BACKGROUND: The term 'emotional labour' has been used to describe the competing demands on midwives to empathize with clients whilst maintaining a level of professional detachment. Previous research indicates that when individuals experience difficulty managing these emotions, burnout may result. Aboriginal health care workers often have roles with large emotional demands, as they are relied upon heavily to engage clients in care. However, the concept of emotional labour has received little attention in relation to this group...
July 14, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714093/sexual-care-for-patients-receiving-dialysis-a-cross-sectional-study-identifying-the-role-of-nurses-working-in-the-dialysis-department
#11
Gaby F Van Ek, Adina Gawi, Melianthe P J Nicolai, Esmée M Krouwel, Brenda L Den Oudsten, Marjolein E M Den Ouden, Alexander F Schaapherder, Hein Putter, Rob C M Pelger, Henk W Elzevier
AIMS: To explore the role of nurses in the dialysis department in providing sexual care to patients receiving dialysis. BACKGROUND: Sexual health is not self-evident for patients undergoing dialysis; 70% experience sexual dysfunction. Nevertheless, sexual care is often not provided. DESIGN: A national cross-sectional survey. METHODS: Questionnaires (n=171) were sent to employees of 34 dialysis centres from January - May 2016...
July 16, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712417/holding-the-body-in-mind-interoceptive-awareness-dispositional-mindfulness-and-psychological-well-being
#12
Adam W Hanley, Wolf E Mehling, Eric L Garland
Objective Recent dialogue between Western and Eastern traditions has stimulated novel explorations of the relationship between mind and body. Many of these cross-cultural, mind-body dialogues have proven productive in identifying more adaptive forms of embodiment. Prior studies suggest that dispositional mindfulness (DM) and interoceptive awareness (IA) are associated but distinct, key constructs in mind-body approaches that are conceptualized in a variety of ways with imprecisely characterized relationship...
August 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712369/a-hospital-based-matched-case-control-study-to-identify-risk-factors-for-clinical-infection-with-oxa-48-producing-klebsiella-pneumoniae-in-rectal-carriers
#13
A Madueño, J Gonzalez Garcia, A Aguirre-Jaime, M Lecuona
Asymptomatic colonisation of the gastrointestinal tract by carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae is an important reservoir for transmission, which may precede infection. This retrospective observational case-control study was designed to identify risk factors for developing clinical infection with OXA-48-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae in rectal carriers during hospitalisation. Case patients (n = 76) had carbapenemase-producing K. pneumoniae (CPKP) infection and positive rectal culture for CPKP. Control patients (n = 174) were those with rectal colonisation with CPKP but without CPKP infection...
July 17, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712347/cultural-competence-a-framework-for-promoting-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-among-varemba-communities-in-zimbabwe
#14
Kemist Shumba, Musara Lubombo
Almost a decade after the formal introduction of voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) as an important technology for HIV prevention, its implementation is still fraught with acceptability challenges. This is especially true among ethnic groups where male circumcision is conducted as a rite of passage into adulthood. In this article we question why VMMC is being met with resistance despite widespread awareness of its promise to reduce HIV incidence in a culturally circumcising community in Zimbabwe. In-depth and key informant interviews were conducted with selected VaRemba initiation graduates and surgeons respectively in Mposi area in Mberengwa to explore why VMMC has not been readily accepted in their community...
July 17, 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712160/perspectives-on-childhood-resilience-among-the-aboriginal-community-an-interview-study
#15
Christian Young, Allison Tong, Janice Nixon, Peter Fernando, Deanna Kalucy, Simone Sherriff, Kathleen Clapham, Jonathan C Craig, Anna Williamson
OBJECTIVE: To describe Aboriginal community members' perspectives on the outcomes and origins of resilience among Aboriginal children. METHODS: Face-to-face interviews were conducted with 36 Aboriginal adults (15 health service professionals, 8 youth workers and 13 community members) at two urban and one regional Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Service in New South Wales. Interviews were transcribed and analysed thematically. RESULTS: We identified six themes: withstanding risk (displaying normative development, possessing inner fortitude); adapting to adversity (necessary endurance, masking inner vulnerabilities); positive social influences (secure family environments, role modelling healthy behaviours and relationships); instilling cultural identity (investing in Aboriginal knowledge, building a strong cultural self-concept); community safeguards (offering strategic sustainable services, holistic support, shared responsibility, providing enriching opportunities); and personal empowerment (awareness of positive pathways, developing self-respect, fostering positive decision making)...
July 16, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707639/life-in-unexpected-places-employing-visual-thinking-strategies-in-global-health-training
#16
Jill Allison, Shree Mulay, Monica Kidd
BACKGROUND: The desire to make meaning out of images, metaphor, and other representations indicates higher-order cognitive skills that can be difficult to teach, especially in the complex and unfamiliar environments like those encountered in many global health experiences. Because reflecting on art can help develop medical students' imaginative and interpretive skills, we used visual thinking strategies (VTS) during an immersive 4-week global health elective for medical students to help them construct new understanding of the social determinants of health in a low-resource setting...
January 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701968/perceived-enablers-and-barriers-to-optimal-health-among-music-students-a-qualitative-study-in-the-music-conservatoire-setting
#17
Rosie Perkins, Helen Reid, Liliana S Araújo, Terry Clark, Aaron Williamon
Student health and wellbeing within higher education has been documented as poor in relation to the general population. This is a particular problem among students at music conservatoires, who are studying within a unique educational context that is known to generate both physical and psychological challenges. This article examines how conservatoire students experience health and wellbeing within their institutional context, using a framework from health promotion to focus attention on perceived enablers and barriers to optimal health in relation to three levels: lifestyle, support services, and conservatoire environment...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701781/identification-for-differential-localization-of-putative-corneal-epithelial-stem-cells-in-mouse-and-human
#18
Jin Li, Yangyan Xiao, Terry G Coursey, Xin Chen, Ruzhi Deng, Fan Lu, Stephen C Pflugfelder, De-Quan Li
Human Corneal epithelial stem cells (CESCs) have been identified to reside in limbus for more than 2 decades. However, the precise location of CESCs in other mammalian remains elusive. This study was to identify differential localization of putative CESCs in mice. Through a series of murine corneal cross-sections from different directions, we identified that anatomically and morphologically the murine limbus is composed of the thinnest epithelium and the thinnest stroma without any palisades of Vogt-like niche structure...
July 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699840/distributed-improvisation-a-systems-perspective-of-improvisation-epics-by-led-outdoor-activity-leaders
#19
Margaret J Trotter, Paul M Salmon, Natassia Goode, Michael G Lenné
Improvisation represents the spontaneous and real-time conception and execution of a novel response to an unanticipated situation. In order to benefit from the positive safety potential of this phenomenon, it is necessary to understand what influences its appropriateness and effectiveness. This study has applied the system-based methodology Impromaps to analysing accounts of improvisation aimed at mitigating adverse safety outcomes. These accounts were obtained from led outdoor activity leaders through critical decision method interviews...
July 12, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697616/perceptions-attitudes-and-challenges-about-obesity-and-adopting-a-healthy-lifestyle-among-health-workers-in-pietermaritzburg-kwazulu-natal-province
#20
Patrick Simfukwe, Brian Van Wyk, Charl Swart
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity is reported to be high and increasing among health workers, in both high-income and low-income countries, which in turn is a common risk factor for all non-communicable diseases. This is alarming, as health workers not only serve the community's health needs but should also serve as role models for a healthy lifestyle. It is therefore important that obesity among health workers is addressed and prevented. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to explore perceptions and attitudes about obesity among health workers in three selected hospitals in Pietermaritzburg, and to identify the barriers to adopting a healthy lifestyle...
June 22, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
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