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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028233/ethics-in-public-health-call-for-shared-moral-public-health-literacy
#1
Els L M Maeckelberghe, Peter Schröder-Bäck
Public Health (PH) in Europe has become much more vocal about its moral understandings since 1992. The rising awareness that PH issues were inseparable from issues of human rights and social justice almost self-evidently directed the agenda of EUPHA and the European Public Health (EPH)-conferences. Problems of cultural and behavioural change, and environmental issues on a global scale were also added. The Section Ethics in PH invited the EPH community to join in 'arm chair thinking': coming together at conferences not only to share the 'how' and 'what' of PH research, practices and policies but also the 'why'...
October 1, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026836/anti-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-encephalitis-that-aggravates-after-acinetobacter-baumannii-pneumonia-a-case-report
#2
Cheng C Wang, Da J Li, Yi Q Xia, Kai Liu
We report an atypical case of anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis (ANMDARE). A 27-year-old man diagnosed with ANMDARE received immunotherapy and had a good recovery. However, within one month, he developed severe status epilepticus and decreased level of conscience with new hyperpyrexia and dyspnea, and was admitted to the emergency intensive care unit. Acinetobacter baumanii were found in the sputum culture; and anti-NMDAR antibodies were positive (titer: 1/80) in the cerebrospinal fluid. Repeated immunotherapy was administered with antibacterial agents, and the patient recovered except for mild psychiatric sequelae...
September 16, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026627/marked-peripheral-eosinophilia-due-to-prolonged-administration-of-posaconazole
#3
Maher Alharbi, Rae-Kiran Jhinger, Terence Wuerz, Andrew Walkty
Introduction. Posaconazole is a triazole antifungal that is used in the treatment of a variety of fungal infections, as well as in the management of mucormycosis (on an off-label basis). Eosinophilia associated with exposure to azole antifungals has been described rarely in the literature. Case presentation. A 31-year-old male on peritoneal dialysis (PD) for end-stage renal disease, secondary to diabetic nephropathy, presented to hospital with abdominal pain after a trip to St Lucia. He was taken to the operating room, where the PD catheter was removed and an abdominal-wall abscess was debrided...
June 2017: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025486/using-15-dhs-surveys-to-study-epidemiological-correlates-of-tb-courtesy-stigma-and-health-seeking-behaviour
#4
E J J Rood, C Mergenthaler, M I Bakker, L Redwood, E M H Mitchell
SETTING: Tuberculosis (TB) stigma is thought to delay or prevent the decision to seek health care, but the strength of this association and the prevalence of anticipated TB stigma in the general population in most countries is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To examine epidemiological, cultural and sociodemographic factors associated with TB courtesy stigma in 15 surveys across 13 countries, and its link to health seeking for cough in children under five. DESIGN: A multilevel survey weighted logistic regression model was used to analyse how individual characteristics and social contexts affect the occurrence of TB courtesy stigma...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022964/nocardia-arthritidis-keratitis-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#5
Andrew Gieger, Stephen Waller, Joseph Pasternak
INTRODUCTION: Keratitis due to Nocardia infection is not commonly encountered in clinical practice and may therefore be mistaken for fungal or viral keratitis leading to delayed treatment and increased risk of permanent visual impairment. CASE: An otherwise healthy 27 years old Caucasian Active Duty military member presented to the clinic with three days of light sensitivity and irritation of his right eye. He carried a history of PRK in both eyes six years prior and admitted to recent contact lens overuse...
January 2017: Nepalese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020385/a-process-evaluation-of-the-aware-and-supportive-communities-gambling-harm-minimisation-programmes-in-new-zealand
#6
Komathi Kolandai-Matchett, Maria Bellringer, Jason Landon, Max Abbott
Background: The Gambling Act 2003 mandated a public health strategy for preventing and minimising gambling harm in New Zealand . Aware Communities and Supportive Communities are two public health programmes subsequently implemented nationwide. These programmes differed from common health promotion initiatives such as media or education campaigns as they were community-action based (requiring community involvement in programme planning and delivery). We carried out a process evaluation to determine their implementation effectiveness and inform improvement and future programme planning...
August 31, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017904/spicing-up-your-advice-for-south-asian-and-anglo-australians-with-type-2-diabetes-and-cvd-do-cultural-constructions-of-diet-matter
#7
Sabrina S Gupta, Helena Teede, Rosalie Aroni
South Asians are a growing migrant population, both globally and in Australia. This group are at higher risk for both cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. The aim of this qualitative study was to examine dietary practices of South Asians, n = 41 (Indian, n = 25; Sri Lankan, n = 16) and Anglo-Australians, n = 16, with these conditions, using semi-structured in-depth interviews. Findings suggest that both groups had a high level of awareness of dietary practices necessary for optimum disease management, both prior to and post diagnosis...
October 7, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017531/can-the-collection-of-expired-long-lasting-insecticidal-nets-reduce-their-coverage-and-use-sociocultural-aspects-related-to-llin-life-cycle-management-and-use-in-four-districts-in-madagascar
#8
Ambinina Ramanantsoa, Marta Wilson-Barthes, Rindra Rahenintsoa, Sarah Hoibak, Harilala Ranaivoharimina, Martha Delphine Rahelimalala, Avotiana Rakotomanga, Alyssa Finlay, Joan Muela Ribera, Koen Peeters Grietens
BACKGROUND: There is growing awareness of the likely impact increased numbers of LLINs will have on the environment, if not disposed of or recycled appropriately. As part of a World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) pilot study to assess environmentally-sound and cost-effective LLIN recycling strategies, the USAID-Deliver Project collected 22,559 used bed nets in Madagascar. A social science study was conducted to provide data on socio-cultural factors related to collection and replacement of LLINs, including impact on primary and other net uses...
October 10, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993205/a-novel-technology-to-model-pressure-induced-cellular-injuries-in-the-brain
#9
Michael E Smith, Ramin Eskandari
BACKGROUND: Elevated intracranial pressure (ICP) accompanying a number of neurological emergencies is poorly understood, and lacks a model to determine cellular pathophysiology. This limits our ability to identify cellular and molecular biomarkers associated with the pathological progression from physiologic to pathologic ICP. NEW METHOD: We developed an ex vivo model of pressure-induced brain injury, which combines 3D neural cell cultures and a newly developed Pressure Controlled Cell Culture Incubator (PC(3)I)...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992900/cultural-differences-in-symptom-representation-for-depression-and-somatization-measured-by-the-phq-between-vietnamese-and-german-psychiatric-outpatients
#10
Annegret Dreher, Eric Hahn, Albert Diefenbacher, Main Huong Nguyen, Kerem Böge, Hannah Burian, Michael Dettling, Ronald Burian, Thi Minh Tam Ta
OBJECTIVE: Despite an extensive body of research on somatic symptom presentation among people of East- and Southeast-Asian descent, results are still inconclusive. Examining and comparing symptom presentation in clinically and ethnically well-characterized populations may constitute a step towards understanding symptom presentation between patients with a different cultural background. This study aims to compare Vietnamese and German patients regarding cultural dynamics of symptom presentation upon first admission to a psychiatric outpatient service...
November 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991850/aligning-education-with-health-care-transformation-identifying-a-shared-mental-model-of-new-faculty-competencies-for-academic-faculty
#11
Jed D Gonzalo, Amarpreet Ahluwalia, Maria Hamilton, Heidi Wolf, Daniel R Wolpaw, Britta M Thompson
PURPOSE: To develop a potential competency framework for faculty development programs aligned with the needs of faculty in academic health centers (AHCs). METHOD: In 2014 and 2015, the authors interviewed 23 health system leaders and analyzed transcripts using constant comparative analysis and thematic analysis. They coded competencies and curricular concepts into subcategories. Lead investigators reviewed drafts of the categorization themes and subthemes related to gaps in faculty knowledge and skills, collapsed and combined competency domains, and resolved disagreements via discussion...
October 3, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989010/global-health-education-for-medical-students-when-learning-objectives-include-research
#12
Alison M Bales, Anthony R Oddo, David J Dennis, Robert C Siska, Echo VanderWal, Harry VanderWal, Nompumelelo Dlamini, Ronald J Markert, Mary C McCarthy
BACKGROUND: The Luke Commission, a provider of comprehensive mobile health outreach in rural Swaziland, focuses on human immunodeficiency virus testing and prevention, including the performance of over 100 circumcisions weekly. Educational objectives for medical student global health electives are essential. Learning research methodology while engaging in clinical activities reinforces curriculum goals. Medical care databases can produce clinically significant findings affecting international health policy...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988970/effects-of-berberine-curcumin-resveratrol-alone-and-in-combination-with-chemotherapeutic-drugs-and-signal-transduction-inhibitors-on-cancer-cells-power-of-nutraceuticals
#13
James A McCubrey, Stephen L Abrams, Kvin Lertpiriyapong, Lucio Cocco, Stefano Ratti, Alberto M Martelli, Saverio Candido, Massimo Libra, Ramiro M Murata, Pedro L Rosalen, Paolo Lombardi, Giuseppe Montalto, Melchiorre Cervello, Agnieszka Gizak, Dariusz Rakus, Linda S Steelman
Over the past fifty years, society has become aware of the importance of a healthy diet in terms of human fitness and longevity. More recently, the concept of the beneficial effects of certain components of our diet and other compounds, that are consumed often by different cultures in various parts of the world, has become apparent. These "healthy" components of our diet are often referred to as nutraceuticals and they can prevent/suppress: aging, bacterial, fungal and viral infections, diabetes, inflammation, metabolic disorders and cardiovascular diseases and have other health-enhancing effects...
October 3, 2017: Advances in Biological Regulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985286/australian-employee-perceptions-of-an-organizational-level-intervention-to-reduce-sitting
#14
Charlotte L Brakenridge, Genevieve N Healy, Nyssa T Hadgraft, Duncan C Young, Brianna S Fjeldsoe
Stand Up Lendlease-a cluster-randomized trial targeting reductions in sitting time in Australian office workers (n = 153, 18 manager-led teams, 1 organization)-effectively reduced sitting time during work hours and across the day after 12 months. The trial included two arms: organizational-support strategies (e.g. manager support, emails) with or without an activity tracker. The current study aimed to examine participant perceptions of the intervention, and perceived barriers and facilitators for reducing sitting time...
July 19, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984992/social-interactions-and-activity-patterns-of-old-barbary-macaques-further-insights-into-the-foundations-of-social-selectivity
#15
Laura Almeling, Holger Sennhenn-Reulen, Kurt Hammerschmidt, Alexandra M Freund, Julia Fischer
Human aging is accompanied by a decrease in social activity and a narrowing in social networks. Studies in nonhuman primates may provide valuable comparative insights in which way aging impacts social life, in the absence of cultural conventions and an awareness of a limited lifetime. For female Barbary macaques at "La Forêt des Singes" in Rocamadour, France, we previously reported an age-associated decrease in active grooming time and network size. Here, we aimed to extend these findings by investigating in which way physical decline, spatial proximity, and aggression vary with age in female Barbary macaques...
October 6, 2017: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981666/challenges-to-healthcare-reform-in-china-profit-oriented-medical-practices-patients-choice-of-care-and-guanxi-culture-in-zhejiang-province
#16
Dan Wu, Tai Pong Lam, Kwok Fai Lam, Xu Dong Zhou, Kai Sing Sun
Doctors' profit-oriented practices in public institutions were widespread in China. Two major targets of the healthcare reform launched in 2009 were to curb the profit-making practices in public institutions and to encourage the citizens to use primary care. After 6 years, the status of profit-orientation of public institutions remains unknown. Compared with hospitals, there is no trend of increasing use of primary care. Our study aimed to explore the status of profit-orientation of public institutions and patients' utilization preference...
November 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980423/asian-americans-concerns-and-plans-about-alzheimer-s-disease-the-role-of-exposure-literacy-and-cultural-beliefs
#17
Yuri Jang, Hyunwoo Yoon, Nan Sook Park, Min-Kyoung Rhee, David A Chiriboga
Responding to the increase of the Asian American population and the growing imperative to address issues on Alzheimer's disease (AD) in diverse populations, this study examined Asian Americans' concerns about AD (both concerns about one's own development of AD and about becoming an AD caregiver) and plans for AD. Focus was given on exploring the role of AD exposure, AD literacy and cultural beliefs about AD in predicting AD-related concerns and plans. Using data from 2,609 participants in the 2015 Asian American Quality of Life survey (aged 18-98), logistic regression models of three outcome measures (concerns about one's own development of AD, concerns about becoming an AD caregiver and plans about AD) were estimated...
October 4, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979830/a-case-of-munchausen-syndrome-presenting-with-hematemesis-a-case-report
#18
Muhammad Aadil, Aniqa Faraz, Muhammad Jahanzaib Anwar, Maria Shoaib, Usama Nasir, Anum Akhlaq
Munchausen syndrome (MS) was first reported in 1951 by Richard Alan John Asher as a factitious disorder. It is a condition in which the patient intentionally produces symptoms to assume a sick role and gain medical attention. Underdiagnosis of this disorder results in the unnecessary use of medical resources, i.e. unnecessary medical tests and evaluations. This makes it one of the most challenging diagnosis in any medical set up. We present this rare case of a patient with chronic factitious disorder who presented to the emergency with hematemesis...
June 13, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979231/promoting-awareness-about-psychological-consequences-of-living-in-a-community-oppressed-by-the-mafia-a-group-analytic-intervention
#19
Cecilia Giordano, Giusy Cannizzaro, Crispino Tosto, Laura Pavia, Maria Di Blasi
The effects of the Mafia have been extensively studied from sociological, economic, and historical points of view. However, little research has investigated the influence of the Mafia on individuals and communities in terms of its psychological and social impact. In order to contribute to the advancement of our understanding of the psychological effects of the Mafia on individuals and communities and to promote a participative process of social change, a group analytic intervention was conducted within a Community Based Participatory Research carried out in Corleone, a small Sicilian town with a historically recognized role in the evolution of the Mafia, as well as in the fight against its control...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978597/melioidosis-presenting-as-septicaemia-and-facial-nerve-palsy
#20
Tessa Antony, Swathy Moorthy, Anbumani Narayanaswamy, Preetam Arthur
A 43-year-old farmer presented with acute onset pneumonia, septicaemia and peripheral facial nerve palsy (left side). Burkholderia pseudomallei was isolated from the blood culture of the patient. The patient was successfully treated with intravenous meropenem and oral cotrimoxazole for 2 weeks followed by maintenance therapy with cotrimoxazole. The case is reported to increase awareness among the clinicians and microbiologists regarding melioidosis.
October 4, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
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