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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234549/bilateral-mycobacterium-chelonae-keratitis-after-phacoemulsification-cataract-surgery
#1
Jaime D Martinez, Guillermo Amescua, Jesus Lozano-Cárdenas, Leejee H Suh
The purpose of this manuscript is to report the case of an 81-year-old patient who presented with bilateral keratitis after phacoemulsification surgery. Cultures came back positive for Mycobacterium chelonae. Despite aggressive topical and systemic antimicrobial treatment, the patient developed a corneal perforation in both eyes, treated with corneal glue in the right eye and corneoscleral patch in the left eye. After two years of follow-up, patient was free of infection in the right eye with visual acuity of 20/200 and the left eye progressed to phthisis bulbi...
2017: Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233628/xanthogranulomatous-pyelonephritis-in-a-paediatric-cohort-1963-2016-outcomes-from-a-large-single-center-series
#2
I Stoica, F O'Kelly, M B McDermott, F M J Quinn
BACKGROUND: Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XGP) is an uncommon chronic destructive granulomatous inflammation of the kidney. It was first described in 1916, and is thought to affect 6/1000 cases of pyelonephritis. Its manifestations are varied, and with a limited number of cases in the literature, the optimal diagnosis and management of XGP in the paediatric cohort is still unknown. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The medical records of children who were diagnosed and treated for XGP at the current unit during the period 1963-2016, inclusive, were retrospectively reviewed...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233114/exploring-knowledge-and-attitudes-toward-non-communicable-diseases-among-village-health-teams-in-eastern-uganda-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Temitope Tabitha Ojo, Nicola L Hawley, Mayur M Desai, Ann R Akiteng, David Guwatudde, Jeremy I Schwartz
BACKGROUND: Community health workers are essential personnel in resource-limited settings. In Uganda, they are organized into Village Health Teams (VHTs) and are focused on infectious diseases and maternal-child health; however, their skills could potentially be utilized in national efforts to reduce the growing burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). We sought to assess the knowledge of, and attitudes toward NCDs and NCD care among VHTs in Uganda as a step toward identifying their potential role in community NCD prevention and management...
December 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225910/reduced-susceptibility-to-fluconazole-in-a-cat-with-histoplasmosis
#4
Janelle S Renschler, Gary D Norsworthy, Rubie A Rakian, Audrey I Rakian, Lawrence J Wheat, Andrew S Hanzlicek
Case summary: An 11-year-old neutered male domestic longhair cat was diagnosed with histoplasmosis from fine-needle aspirates of an abdominal lymph node. Lymph node size initially decreased with fluconazole therapy (11.8 mg/kg PO q12h); however, after 13 months of continuous fluconazole therapy, lymphadenomegaly worsened and samples were collected for culture and antifungal susceptibility. The Histoplasma capsulatum isolate had a very high fluconazole minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 64 µg/ml and an itraconazole MIC of 0...
July 2017: JFMS Open Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223192/training-needs-for-dementia-care-in-china-from-the-perspectives-of-mental-health-providers-who-what-and-how
#5
Ling Xu, Hsin-Yi Hsiao, Wenchen Denq, Iris Chi
BACKGROUND: Acknowledging increasing demand of dementia care for patients in China, this paper aims to understand the training needs of dementia care from the perspectives of mental health providers by examining who should be the trainees, what should be the contents of training, and how to deliver the training in China. METHODS: Using purposive sampling, data were gathered via four focus group discussions with 40 mental health providers in Beijing, China, in 2011...
December 10, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218964/new-perspectives-on-understanding-cultural-diversity-in-nurse%C3%A2-patient-communication
#6
Tonia Crawford, Sally Candlin, Peter Roger
Effective communication is essential in developing rapport with patients, and many nursing roles such as patient assessment, education, and counselling consist only of dialogue. With increasing cultural diversity among nurses and patients in Australia, there are growing concerns relating to the potential for miscommunication, as differences in language and culture can cause misunderstandings which can have serious impacts on health outcomes and patient safety (Hamilton & Woodward-Kron, 2010). According to Grant and Luxford (2011)) there is little research into the way health professionals approach working with cultural difference or how this impacts on their everyday practice...
2017: Collegian: Journal of the Royal College of Nursing, Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218819/a-conceptual-model-of-the-risk-of-elder-abuse-posed-by-incontinence-and-care-dependence
#7
Joan Ostaszkiewicz
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe and critically analyse the thinking that led to the concept of an association between incontinence, care dependence and elder abuse. BACKGROUND: Coercive or abusive continence care practices include chastising a person for their incontinence and overriding their attempts to resist continence care. Neglect in continence care is characterised by withholding or delaying responding to requests for help to maintain continence or to manage incontinence, and restricting a person's access to toileting assistance, incontinence aids or hygiene care...
December 8, 2017: International Journal of Older People Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217958/assessment-of-barriers-to-reproductive-health-service-utilization-among-bench-maji-zone-pastoralist-communities
#8
Andualem Henok, Emwodish Takele
Background: The reproductive health (RH) needs and challenges in pastoralist area are different from elsewhere. People in this area live in very traditional settings and adhere strongly to traditional cultural values and beliefs. Some of these beliefs are known to lead to poor sexual and RH outcomes. Thus, the objective of the study was to identify barriers of RH service utilization among pastoralist communities of Bench Maji zone. Methods: This study was conducted in pastoralist communities of 5 woredas in Bench Maji zone...
September 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216280/phenotypic-characterization-of-synechocystis-sp-pcc-6803-substrains-reveals-differences-in-sensitivity-to-abiotic-stress
#9
Tomáš Zavřel, Petra Očenášová, Jan Červený
Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 is a widely used model cyanobacterium, whose substrains can vary on both genotype and phenotype levels. Previously described phenotypic variations include ability of mixotrophic growth, ability of movement on agar plates and variations in pigments composition or cell size. In this study, we report for the first time significant variation among Synechocystis substrains in complex cellular traits such as growth rate, photosynthesis efficiency, cellular dry weight and cellular composition (including protein or carbohydrates content)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215422/maternity-nurses-perceptions-of-implementation-of-the-ten-steps-to-successful-breastfeeding
#10
Emilie M Cunningham, Eva I Doyle, Rodney G Bowden
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine maternity nurses' perceptions of implementing the Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding. METHODS: An online survey and a focus group were used to evaluate perceptions of maternity nurses of implementing the Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding in an urban Texas hospital at the onset of the project initiation. Responses were transcribed and coded using Nvivo software. Thematic analysis was conducted and consensus was reached among the research team to validate themes...
January 2018: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210896/peer-training-using-cognitive-rehearsal-to-promote-a-culture-of-safety-in-health-care
#11
Toni Roberts, Kimberly Hanna, Shelia Hurley, Rebecca Turpin, Susan Clark
Nursing students need opportunities to prepare for real-world problems that they may encounter as they enter the profession. Incivility and bullying behaviors persist in health care. The purpose of this project was to increase students' awareness of incivility and prepare them to respond to it. Two teaching methods were compared. Results supported that interactive civility training using cognitive rehearsal provided by nursing student peers was as effective as instruction from an expert.
November 29, 2017: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210872/new-nursing-faculty-and-incivility-applying-mindfulness-based-strategies
#12
Cheryl Green
Workplace incivility remains a problem within the nursing profession. As nurse leaders, we must recognize and not ignore the complexity of cultures that have adapted incivility into the work environment. Nursing education is a discipline that requires collaborative team work, independent drive, and commitment. New nursing faculty experiencing incivility can use mindfulness-based meditation approaches to cope with uncivil behaviors experienced within the workplace. Nurse educators applying the concepts of mindfulness can learn how to provide themselves self-care by reducing stress, as enhanced daily awareness of peace and calm are incorporated into their lifestyle...
January 2018: Holistic Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210736/when-and-how-do-we-teach-cultural-awareness
#13
Sidney Weissman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209700/early-development-of-emotional-competence-edec-assessment-tool-for-children-with-complex-communication-needs-development-and-evidence
#14
Ji Young Na, Krista Wilkinson, Jiali Liang
Purpose: This article introduces and provides initial data supporting "The Early Development of Emotional Competence (EDEC): A tool for children with complex communication needs (CCNs)." The EDEC was developed to raise awareness about the relation of language and emotional competence and to maximize the likelihood that intervention includes language to discuss emotions in ways that are consistent with the values and goals of the family. Method: First, the theoretical and clinical foundations of the EDEC development were discussed...
December 6, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208872/age-and-gender-dependent-correlates-as-risk-factors-of-recurrent-headache-among-bangladeshi-secondary-school-children
#15
N C Saha, K S Anwar, A H Mollah, S Akhter, M R Amin, A A Mollah
Magnitude of recurrent headache (RHA) is not well explored among school-children (schoolers) particularly in developing countries like Bangladesh, though recent literature reveals that RHA connotes serious public health implication(s) particularly in schoolers in resource constraint countries. To study age and gender-dependent correlates of RHA among secondary-level schoolers and to determine if these remains its risk-factors. Cross-sectional population based respondent-dependent study employing direct interviews using pre-tested open and closed-ended questionnaire following ICHD-II (2004) diagnostic criteria...
October 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207317/public-attitudes-towards-psychiatrists-in-the-metropolitan-area-of-hanoi-vietnam
#16
Thi Minh Tam Ta, Kerem Böge, Tien Duc Cao, Georg Schomerus, Tat Dinh Nguyen, Michael Dettling, Aditya Mungee, Lara Kim Martensen, Albert Diefenbacher, Matthias C Angermeyere, Eric Hahn
OBJECTIVES: Mental health associated stigmatization remains problematic in low and middle-income countries, thus preventing patients from adequate access to psychiatric care. Public attitudes towards psychiatrists have not been examined in many countries, especially not in Vietnam where merely one psychiatrist per 300.000 population is available. The study aims to explore attitudes towards psychiatrists in the Hanoi municipality and to identify socio-demographical factors that influence these attitudes...
November 28, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205781/the-graduating-european-dentist-domain-iii-patient-centred-care
#17
J C Field, A Kavadella, S Szep, J R Davies, E DeLap, M C Manzanares Cespedes
This position paper outlines the areas of competence and learning outcomes of "The Graduating European Dentist" that specifically relate to patient-centred care. This approach is becoming increasingly prominent within the literature and within policy documents. Whilst working to an evidence base is critical, dentists must also be aware of the scientific basis that underpins the treatment they provide. The evaluation process, which supports treatment planning, also requires dentists to be able to listen, collate, and record pertinent information effectively...
December 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204354/unusual-carbapenem-resistant-but-ceftriaxone-and-cefepime-susceptible-klebsiella-oxytoca-isolated-from-a-blood-culture-case-report-and-whole-genome-sequencing-investigation
#18
Shangxin Yang, Peera Hemarajata, Laura Shevy, Mario Maciariello, Karissa Culbreath, Karen Bush, Romney Humphries
A carbapenem resistant but ceftriaxone and cefepime susceptible Klebsiella oxytoca was isolated from the blood of a patient with polymicrobial bacteremia after 2 weeks of ertapenem treatment. Whole-genome sequencing identified no carbapenemase gene nor plasmid, but only blaOXY-2-8 gene with a mutation in the promoter that's been reported to increase its expression. Two other specific carbapenem resistance mechanisms including mutated porin genes and the AcrAB-TolC efflux system genes were also identified. Clinicians need to be aware of such unusual antibiogram and should not assume carbapenems are always broader spectrum antibiotics than expanded-spectrum cephalosporins...
2018: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202923/allergens-an-enhanced-focus
#19
Kristen Spotz
Food Allergy Awareness Week was created with the purpose of placing a spotlight on the seriousness of food allergies. Recognized in the United States in mid-May every year, Food Allergy Awareness Week serves as a reminder of the over 15 million Americans who suffer from food allergies. The importance of allergies and allergen labeling can be seen when looking at U.S. Food and Drug Administration recall data: of the 764 recalls in 2016, 305 (representing more than 40%) were due to undeclared allergens. However, recalls for undeclared allergens are a complex issue with numerous factors...
December 5, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202726/large-reductions-in-cesarean-delivery-rates-in-china-a-qualitative-study-on-delivery-decision-making-in-the-era-of-the-two-child-policy
#20
Eileen Wang, Therese Hesketh
BACKGROUND: In 2010, China's cesarean delivery (CD) rates increased to one of the highest in the world, a significant proportion of which were without medical indication. However, recent studies have indicated some declines, coinciding with national and local efforts to promote vaginal birth, as well as the relaxation of the one-child policy. Considering these trends, we aimed to qualitatively explore attitudes towards childbirth and experiences of delivery decision-making among women and physicians...
December 4, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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