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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820672/association-of-religion-and-cultural-tradition-with-alcohol-use-among-some-tribal-communities-of-arunachal-pradesh-india
#1
Himanshu K Chaturvedi, Ram C Bajpai, Preeti Tiwari
Arunachal Pradesh, a land of high mountains and dense forest, is home to many tribal communities, which comprise two thirds of the state's population. Alcohol is one of the common addictive substances used traditionally among them despite much awareness about its harmful effect on health. The present study is focused on finding the association of religion, ethnicity, and demographic characteristics with alcohol use among some tribal communities in Changlang district of Arunachal Pradesh. A cross-sectional household survey was conducted on substance use in Changlang district of Arunachal Pradesh, India...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817307/geographic-distribution-of-nontuberculous-mycobacterial-species-identified-among-clinical-isolates-in-the-united-states-2009-2013
#2
Alicen B Spaulding, Yi Ling Lai, Adrian M Zelazny, Kenneth N Olivier, Sameer S Kadri, D Rebecca Prevots, Jennifer Adjemian
RATIONALE: Nontuberculous mycobacteria are an important cause of morbidity in the United States, although patient outcomes vary greatly by species. Currently, nationally representative data on the distribution of mycobacterial species from clinical isolates are limited. OBJECTIVES: Using a national hospitalization database capturing microbiologic data for nearly six million patient encounters, we describe the geographic distribution of, and patient demographic features associated with, clinical mycobacterial isolates in the United States...
August 17, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815466/medical-students-perceptions-of-a%C3%A2-novel-institutional-incident-reporting-system-a%C3%A2-thematic-analysis
#3
Morris Gordon, Dillan Parakh
BACKGROUND: Errors in healthcare are a major patient safety issue, with incident reporting a key solution. The incident reporting system has been integrated within a new medical curriculum, encouraging medical students to take part in this key safety process. The aim of this study was to describe the system and assess how students perceived the reporting system with regards to its role in enhancing safety. METHODS: Employing a thematic analysis, this study used interviews with medical students at the end of the first year...
August 16, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814944/cell-counting-and-viability-assessment-of-2d-and-3d-cell-cultures-expected-reliability-of-the-trypan-blue-assay
#4
Filippo Piccinini, Anna Tesei, Chiara Arienti, Alessandro Bevilacqua
BACKGROUND: Whatever the target of an experiment in cell biology, cell counting and viability assessment are always computed. The Trypan Blue (TB) assay was proposed about a century ago and is still the most widely used method to perform cell viability analysis. Furthermore, the combined use of TB with a haemocytometer is also considered the standard approach to estimate cell population density. There are numerous research articles reporting the use of TB assays to compute cell number and viability of 2D and 3D cultures...
2017: Biological Procedures Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806305/dimensions-of-posttraumatic-growth-in-patients-with-cancer-a-mixed-method-study
#5
Mehdi Heidarzadeh, Maryam Rassouli, Jeannine M Brant, Farahnaz Mohammadi-Shahbolaghi, Hamid Alavi-Majd
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic growth (PTG) refers to positive outcomes after exposure to stressful events. Previous studies suggest cross-cultural differences in the nature and amount of PTG. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore different dimensions of PTG in Iranian patients with cancer. METHODS: A mixed method study with convergent parallel design was applied to clarify and determine dimensions of PTG. Using the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI), confirmatory factor analysis was used to quantitatively identify dimensions of PTG in 402 patients with cancer...
August 12, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805412/factors-impacting-rural-pacific-island-veterans-access-to-care-a-qualitative-examination
#6
Julia M Whealin, Dawna Nelson, Michelle M Kawasaki, Michael A Mahoney
Pacific Island veterans suffer from greater severity of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) compared with Caucasian veterans but face substantial barriers to mental health care. However, the factors that may dissuade or facilitate veterans in the Pacific Islands from seeking mental health care are not known. The main aim of this study was to identify how internal and external factors interact to impact wounded warriors' access to and use of mental health services. Veterans residing in 5 rural Pacific Island locations were mailed recruitment materials...
August 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805170/perspectives-of-patients-close-relatives-nurses-and-physicians-on-end-of-life-medication-management
#7
Marianne K Dees, Eric C T Geijteman, Wim J M Dekkers, Bregje A A Huisman, Roberto S G M Perez, Lia van Zuylen, Agnes van der Heide, Evert van Leeuwen
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to gain insight into the perspectives of patients, close relatives, nurses, and physicians on medication management for patients with a life expectancy of less than 3 months. METHOD: We conducted an empirical multicenter study with a qualitative approach, including in-depth interviews with patients, relatives, nurses, specialists, and general practitioners (GPs). We used the constant comparative method and ATLAS.ti (v. 7.1) software for our analysis...
August 14, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799474/-caught-between-a-rock-and-a-hard-place-between-discourses-of-empowerment-and-solicitude-danish-public-sector-service-professionals-discourses-of-nonattendance
#8
Michaela Hoej, Katrine Schepelern Johansen, Birgitte Ravn Olesen, Sidse Marie Arnfred
Nonattendance constitutes a profound challenge in public sector services targeting young adults with mental health difficulties. Therefore, researchers and practitioners are occupied with trying to resolve this. For clinicians to be aware of their own naturalized and perhaps inappropriate communicative practices, we investigated the established normative organizational logics behind explanations and strategies related to nonattendance. We performed a critical discourse analysis on material collected through participatory research throughout 2015...
September 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793951/changes-in-surgical-team-performance-and-safety-climate-attitudes-following-expansion-of-perioperative-services-a-repeated-measures-study
#9
Brigid M Gillespie, Emma Harbeck, Evelyn Kang, Catherine Steel, Nicole Fairweather, Wendy Chaboyer
Objective The aim of the present study was to describe process changes in surgical team performance and team members' attitudes to safety culture following hospital relocation and expansion of perioperative services.Methods The study was a naturalistic study using structured observations and surveys to assess non-technical skills (NTS; i.e. communication, teamwork, situational awareness, decision making and leadership) in surgery. This interrupted time series design used mixed-linear regression models to examine the effect of phase (before and after hospital relocation) on surgical teams' NTS and their processes that may affect performance...
August 10, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793387/indigenous-cardiac-patients-and-relatives-experiences-of-hospitalisation-a-narrative-inquiry
#10
Vainess Mbuzi, Paul Fulbrook, Melanie Jessup
AIM: To explore Indigenous people's experiences of hospitalisation for acute cardiac care. BACKGROUND: Indigenous Australians suffer a higher burden of cardiovascular ill health and hospitalisation rates in comparison to other Australians, but there is little research that explores their perspectives of hospitalisation. DESIGN: Narrative inquiry. METHODS: Interviews were undertaken using storytelling to facilitate participants' descriptions of their hospital experience...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791616/addressing-cultural-determinants-of-health-for-latino-and-hmong-patients-with-limited-english-proficiency-practical-strategies-to-reduce-health-disparities
#11
Linda Park, R J Schwei, P Xiong, E A Jacobs
We explored how addressing culture may improve patient-provider relationships and reduce health disparities for racial and ethnic individuals with limited English proficiency (LEP). We analyzed qualitative data collected to explore health disparities in preventive cancer screenings for Hmong and Spanish-speaking LEP patients in a large Midwest healthcare system. We interviewed 20 participants (10 from each group) and the audiotaped interviews were transcribed verbatim, then back translated focusing on meaning...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789637/perceptions-practices-and-health-seeking-behaviour-constrain-je-aes-interventions-in-high-endemic-district-of-north-india
#12
Sanjay Chaturvedi, Neha Sharma, Manish Kakkar
BACKGROUND: Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES) and Japanese Encephalitis (JE) stay as poorly understood phenomena in India. Multiple linkages to determinants such as poverty, socio-economic status, gender, environment, and population distribution, make it a greater developmental issue than just a zoonotic disease. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted to map knowledge, perceptions and practices of community and health systems level stakeholders. Seventeen interviews with utilizers of AES care, care givers from human and veterinary sectors, Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs), and pig owners and 4 Focused Group Discussions (FGDs) with farmers, community leaders, and students were conducted in an endemic north Indian district-Kushinagar...
August 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782080/awareness-of-stomach-and-colorectal-cancer-risk-factors-symptoms-and-time-taken-to-seek-medical-help-among-public-attending-primary-care-setting-in-muscat-governorate-oman
#13
Mohammed Al-Azri, Jamila Al-Kindi, Thuraiya Al-Harthi, Manal Al-Dahri, Sathiya Murthi Panchatcharam, Abdullah Al-Maniri
Colorectal and stomach cancers are the top ranking cancers in Oman. Most of the patients are diagnosed at advanced disease stages. The aim of this study is to explore the knowledge of risk factors, symptoms and the time needed to seek medical care for stomach cancer and colorectal cancer (CRC) among Omani participants attending 28 local health centres (LHCs) in the governorate of Muscat, the capital city of Oman. The Bowel Cancer/CRC Awareness Measure (CAM) questionnaire (translated into Arabic) was used to collect data from Omani adult participants (aged 18 years and above) who attended the LHCs during the study period...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781941/barriers-attitudes-and-dietary-behaviors-regarding-sodium-reduction-in-the-elderly-korean-chinese-population-in-yanbian-china
#14
Jounghee Lee, Wenying Cui, Meixiang Jin
OBJECTIVES: This research investigated the barriers, attitudes, and dietary behaviors related to sodium reduction among the elderly Korean-Chinese population in Yanbian, China. METHODS: We conducted this pilot study using both descriptive research and a focus group interview at the elderly community center in Yanbian. RESULTS: In total, 21 elderly Korean-Chinese (average age, 71 years) were examined. The findings showed that the top three barriers to sodium reduction were 1) the difficulties associated with having meals with others, 2) a preference for liquid based-dishes, and 3) the lack of taste in low-sodium dishes...
June 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781066/midwives-experiences-of-participating-in-a-midwifery-research-project-a-qualitative-study
#15
Susanne Åhlund, Sofia Zwedberg, Ingegerd Hildingsson, Malin Edqvist, Helena Lindgren
PROBLEM AND BACKGROUND: In an earlier research project midwives were asked to perform women-centered care focusing on the assumption that the physiological process in the second stage of labour could be trusted and that the midwives role should be encouraging and supportive rather than instructing. There is no knowledge about how midwives participating in such a research project, uses their skills and experience from the study in their daily work. AIM: The aim in this study was to investigate how midwives experienced implementing woman-centered care during second stage of labour...
August 3, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780059/a-simple-laboratory-algorithm-for-diagnosis-of-melioidosis-in-resource-constrained-areas-a-study-from-north-central-vietnam
#16
T T Trinh, T S Hoang, D A Tran, V T Trinh, A Göhler, T T Nguyen, S N Hoang, R Krumkamp, L T N Nguyen, J May, P M Doan, C D Do, T A Que, I Steinmetz
OBJECTIVE: Melioidosis may be endemic in many tropical developing countries but diagnosis of the disease is currently unreliable in resource-limited areas. Here we aimed to validate a simple and cheap laboratory algorithm for the identification of Burkholderia pseudomallei from clinical specimens in parts of Vietnam where the disease has not been reported before. METHODS: In June 2015, we conducted training courses at five general hospitals in north central provinces in order to raise awareness of the disease and to introduce a simple and cheap laboratory identification algorithm for B...
August 2, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776305/training-needs-of-clinical-and-research-professionals-to-optimize-minority-recruitment-and-retention-in-cancer-clinical-trials
#17
Michelle Y Martin, Soumya J Niranjan, Raegan W Durant, Jennifer A Wenzel, Elise D Cook, Mona N Fouad, Selwyn M Vickers, Badrinath R Konety, Sarah B Rutland, Zachary R Simoni, Michelle Y Martin
The study of disparities in minority recruitment to cancer clinical trials has focused primarily on inquiries among minority patient populations. However, clinical trial recruitment is complex and requires a broader appreciation of the multiple factors that influence minority participation. One area that has received little attention is minority recruitment training for professionals who assume various roles in the clinical trial recruitment process. Therefore, we assessed the perspectives of cancer center clinical and research personnel on their training and education needs toward minority recruitment for cancer clinical trials...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771637/the-perception-of-disability-by-community-groups-stories-of-local-understanding-beliefs-and-challenges-in-a-rural-part-of-kenya
#18
Karen Bunning, Joseph K Gona, Charles R Newton, Sally Hartley
Cultural narratives on disability have received much attention over the past few decades. In contexts of poverty, limited information and everyday challenges associated with having, or caring for someone with a disability, different understandings have emerged. A project was set up to promote disability awareness in neighborhood communities in a rural part of Kenya, using a process of reflection and education. This paper reports on the first aspect-reflection. The aim was to investigate local understanding of disability as a co-constructed concept...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771470/chromoblastomycosis-in-india-review-of-169-cases
#19
REVIEW
Reshu Agarwal, Gagandeep Singh, Arnab Ghosh, Kaushal Kumar Verma, Mragnayani Pandey, Immaculata Xess
Chromoblastomycosis (CBM) is a chronic, progressive, cutaneous and subcutaneous fungal infection following the traumatic implantation of certain dematiaceous fungi. The disease has worldwide prevalence with predominant cases reported from humid tropical and subtropical regions of America, Asia, and Africa. Diagnosis is often delayed or misdirected either due to poor degree of clinical suspicions or clinical simulation of dermatological conditions. The infection is not uncommon in India and several case reports from the sub-Himalayan belt and western and eastern coasts of India have been published; however, very few have reviewed the cases...
August 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770901/betel-quid-paan-and-diabetes-care
#20
Sanjay Kalra, Yatan Pal Singh Balhara
This communication focuses on an important, yet neglected, aspect of medicine, which has an impact on diabetes care as well. Betel quid (paan) chewing is a commonly encountered, socioculturally accepted, "culture-bound" addictive disorder. Betel quid chewing has unwanted psychotropic, carcinogenic and dysmetabolic effects. Thus, it should be discouraged as strongly as tobacco use. This communication calls for raised awareness among physicians and community leaders regarding this addictive disorder, and highlight the need for research on this topic...
July 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
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