keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Outbreaks

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236360/low-risk-of-avian-influenza-a-h5n6-transmission-to-depopulation-workers-in-korea
#1
Sukhyun Ryu, Jun-Sik Lim, Benjamin J Cowling, Byung Chul Chun
An outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza A (H5N6) virus occurred between November 20, 2016 and March 1, 2017 in poultry farms, in the Gyeonggi Province, Republic of Korea. To identify the risk of transmission of H5N6 to depopulation workers, active and passive surveillance was conducted. Virological testing of respiratory swabs with real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was performed for workers who reported respiratory symptoms. Among 4633 depopulation workers, 25 reported respiratory symptoms, but all tested negative for H5N6...
December 13, 2017: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235956/the-experience-of-korean-nurses-during-the-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-outbreak
#2
Sook-Bin Im, Steven L Baumann, Mina Ahn, Hyunok Kim, Bock-Hui Youn, MinKyoung Park, Ok-Ja Lee
The authors in this article explore the experiences of eight South Korean nurses during an outbreak of the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), which took place in the fall of 2015. These nurses were mandated to remain in isolation in an intensive care unit (ICU) dedicated to the treatment of the patients with the MERS virus for 7 days. Parse's humanbecoming theory was used to frame the discussion. Three themes found in the nurse's stories are discussed: feeling hopeless and cut off, feeling shame and overworked, and feeling pride in fulfilling a duty...
January 2018: Nursing Science Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235427/dengue-hospitalisations-in-brazil-annual-wave-from-west-to-east-and-recent-increase-among-children
#3
J Wunderlich, R Acuña-Soto, W J Alonso
The number of dengue epidemics in Brazil has increased dramatically in the last 15 years. In this study, we analysed the seasonal patterns in the incidence of hospitalisations due to dengue across the different states of Brazil and compared these with the corresponding climatic patterns. We discovered that the seasonality of dengue hospitalisations in Brazil has a clear zonal gradient, characterised by the progression of primary peaks from West to East during the first half of the year, which may be associated with the increased vapour pressure and rainfall during this period, leading to increased mosquito abundance and activity...
December 13, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235414/zikaplan-zika-preparedness-latin-american-network
#4
A Wilder-Smith, R Preet, K E Renhorn, R A Ximenes, L C Rodrigues, T Solomon, J Neyts, L Lambrechts, H Willison, R Peeling, A K Falconar, A R Precioso, J Logan, T Lang, H P Endtz, M C Erasmus, E Massad
The ongoing Zika virus (ZIKV) outbreak in Latin America, the Caribbean, and the Pacific Islands has underlined the need for a coordinated research network across the whole region that can respond rapidly to address the current knowledge gaps in Zika and enhance research preparedness beyond Zika. The European Union under its Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme awarded three research consortia to respond to this need. Here we present the ZikaPLAN (Zika Preparedness Latin American Network) consortium...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234496/persistent-diarrhoea-in-a-5-month-old-baby-carrying-vibrio-cholerae-nono1-nono139-producing-haitian-cholera-toxin
#5
P Kumar, S Karmakar, R Prasad, R Chopra, S Khandelwal, S Gupta, A C Dhariwal, P Yadav, P K Yadava
Cholera toxin (CT) is the principal virulence factor of Vibrio cholerae for fatal cholera diarrhoea. Serogroups O1 and O139 harbour CT and are known to be epidemic strains. The remaining serogroups (nonO1/nonO139) are non-toxigenic and may be associated with mild disease. O1 serogroup emerged with a variant of CT known as Haitian cholera toxin (HCT). The HCT strains are hypervirulent and have been associated with severe cholera outbreaks in India, Western Africa and Haiti. Here, we report the presence of HCT (ctxB7) in a nonO1/nonO139 isolate causing persistent diarrhoea...
January 2018: New Microbes and New Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234316/delineating-the-origins-of-vibrio-parahaemolyticus-isolated-from-outbreaks-of-acute-hepatopancreatic-necrosis-disease-in-asia-by-the-use-of-whole-genome-sequencing
#6
Songzhe Fu, Huiqin Tian, Dawei Wei, Xiaojun Zhang, Ying Liu
Acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (AHPND) is an emerging penaeid shrimp disease caused by Vibrio parahaemolyticus. Although V. parahaemolyticus has been isolated and sequenced from several Asia countries, the epidemiological links among the AHPND outbreaks in different locations remain unclear. In this study, we sequenced the genomes of nine strains isolated in China between 2014 and 2016 from four sampling sites in three provinces. Analysis of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) among the nine isolates yielded an average of 35,519 SNPs per isolate, ranging from 35,001 SNPs to 35,889 SNPs relative to the reference genome FDA_R31...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234313/food-grade-pimenta-leaf-essential-oil-reduces-the-attachment-of-salmonella-enterica-heidelberg-2011-ground-turkey-outbreak-isolate-on-to-turkey-skin
#7
Divek V T Nair, Anup Kollanoor Johny
Salmonella attached to the poultry skin is a major source of carcass contamination during processing. Once attached to the poultry skin, it is difficult to detach and inactivate Salmonella by commonly used antimicrobial agents since the pathogen is entrapped deeply in the feather follicles and the crevices on the skin. Essential oils could be natural, safe, and effective alternatives to synthetic antimicrobial agents during commercial and organic processing setup. The present study evaluated the efficacy of pimenta (Pimenta officinalis Lindl...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234082/rebound-of-cotton-leaf-curl-multan-virus-and-its-exclusive-detection-in-cotton-leaf-curl-disease-outbreak-punjab-india-2015
#8
Sibnarayan Datta, Raghvendra Budhauliya, Bidisha Das, Reji Gopalakrishnan, Sonika Sharma, Soumya Chatterjee, Vanlalhmuaka, P Srinivas Raju, Vijay Veer
Cotton leaf curl disease (CLCuD) outbreaks caused by CLCuD associated begomoviruses (CABs) significantly constrain cotton production in India and Pakistan. In comparison to the CABs circulating in Pakistan, molecular epidemiology, evolution and recombination patterns of CABs circulating in India are less studied. In this work, we characterized CAB complex sequences obtained from the most recent outbreak (Punjab, India, 2015), and rigorously analyzed them with reference to GenBank sequences, submitted from India, Pakistan and other neighbouring countries, using contemporary bioinformatics approaches...
December 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233775/an-exploration-of-the-role-of-asymptomatic-infections-in-the-epidemiology-of-dengue-viruses-through-susceptible-asymptomatic-infected-and-recovered-sair-models
#9
Martin Grunnill
It is estimated that 20-97% of all dengue infections could be asymptomatic. I used SIR models to investigate the epidemiological role of such infections, by adding an asymptomatic class (SAIR models). Upon infection in one of the models, a human becomes either symptomatic or asymptomatic. In the other, a human becomes asymptomatic and may progress to being symptomatic. The robustness of results from these models is examined by incorporating the mosquito-vector into one of the models, followed by simulating epidemic dynamics stochastically...
December 9, 2017: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233288/student-pharmacists-perceptions-of-immunizations
#10
Kara Kubli, Sarah McBane, Jan D Hirsch, Sarah Lorentz
PURPOSE: The primary aim of this study was to explore changes in knowledge level, perceived importance and apprehension of immunizations by first year pharmacy students pre- vs. post-immunization education and training. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY: First year pharmacy students at the University of California San Diego Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences (UC San Diego SSPPS) completed a pre- and post-immunization training course questionnaire. Knowledge base and perceived importance level of immunizations including hepatitis B, influenza, measles, mumps, rubella (MMR), varicella, tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis (Tdap), meningococcal and human papilloma virus (HPV) were assessed...
May 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233257/investigation-using-whole-genome-sequencing-of-a-prolonged-restaurant-outbreak-of-salmonella-typhimurium-linked-to-the-building-drainage-system-england-february-2015-to-march-2016
#11
John Mair-Jenkins, Roberta Borges-Stewart, Caroline Harbour, Judith Cox-Rogers, Tim Dallman, Philip Ashton, Robert Johnston, Deborah Modha, Philip Monk, Richard Puleston
Following notification of a Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium gastroenteritis outbreak, we identified 82 cases linked to a restaurant with symptom onset from 12 February 2015 to 8 March 2016. Seventy-two cases had an isolate matching the nationally unique whole genome sequencing profile (single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) address: 1.1.1.124.395.395). Interviews established exposure to the restaurant and subsequent case-control analysis identified an association with eating carvery buffet food (adjusted odds ratios (AOR): 20...
December 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233256/analysis-of-oxa-204-carbapenemase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-reveals-possible-endoscopy-associated-transmission-france-2012-to-2014
#12
Anaïs Potron, Sandrine Bernabeu, Gaëlle Cuzon, Valérie Pontiès, Hervé Blanchard, Elise Seringe, Thierry Naas, Patrice Nordmann, Laurent Dortet
OXA-48-like beta-lactamase producing bacteria are now endemic in several European and Mediterranean countries. Among this carbapenemase family, the OXA-48 and OXA-181 variants predominate, whereas other variants such as OXA-204 are rarely reported. Here, we report the molecular epidemiology of a collection of OXA-204-positive enterobacterial isolates (n = 29) recovered in France between October 2012 and May 2014. This study describes the first outbreak of OXA-204-producing Enterobacteriaceae in Europe, involving 12 isolates of an ST90 Escherichia coli clone and nine isolates of an ST147 Klebsiella pneumoniae clone...
December 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233255/burkholderia-stabilis-outbreak-associated-with-contaminated-commercially-available-washing-gloves-switzerland-may-2015-to-august-2016
#13
Rami Sommerstein, Urs Führer, Elia Lo Priore, Carlo Casanova, Dominik M Meinel, Helena Mb Seth-Smith, Andreas Kronenberg, On Behalf Of Anresis, Daniel Koch, Laurence Senn, Andreas F Widmer, Adrian Egli, Jonas Marschall, On Behalf Of Swissnoso
We describe an outbreak of Burkholderia stabilis associated with contaminated washing gloves, a commercially available Class I medical device. Triggered by an increase in Burkholderia cepacia complex (BCC) bacteremias and the detection of BCC in unopened packages of washing gloves, an ad hoc national outbreak committee comprising representatives of a public health organisation, a regulatory agency, and an expert association convened and commissioned an outbreak investigation. The investigation included retrospective case finding across Switzerland and whole genome sequencing (WGS) of isolates from cases and gloves...
December 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232796/-four-cases-of-bacteremia-caused-by-helicobacter-cinaedi-in-the-urological-ward-at-about-the-same-time
#14
Yoshiki Hiyama, Satoshi Takahashi, Naotaka Nishiyama, Mami Nakae, Satoshi Fujii, Masaaki Shinagawa, Naoya Masumori
Here we report the outbreak of bacteremia caused by Helicobacter cinaedi (H. cinaedi) in the urology ward. Case 1 was a man in his seventies with prostate cancer. Bacteremia caused by H. cinaedi developed 6 days after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy. Case 2 was a man in his sixties with small cell carcinoma of the prostate. Bacteremia developed at 5 days of docetaxel therapy. Case 3 was a man in his fifties with left renal pelvis carcinoma. Bacteremia developed 3 days after laparoscopic left nephroureterectomy...
November 2017: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232561/development-of-artificial-intelligence-approach-to-forecasting-oyster-norovirus-outbreaks-along-gulf-of-mexico-coast
#15
Shima Shamkhali Chenar, Zhiqiang Deng
This paper presents an artificial intelligence-based model, called ANN-2Day model, for forecasting, managing and ultimately eliminating the growing risk of oyster norovirus outbreaks. The ANN-2Day model was developed using Artificial Neural Network (ANN) Toolbox in MATLAB Program and 15-years of epidemiological and environmental data for six independent environmental predictors including water temperature, solar radiation, gage height, salinity, wind, and rainfall. It was found that oyster norovirus outbreaks can be forecasted with two-day lead time using the ANN-2Day model and daily data of the six environmental predictors...
December 9, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232456/susceptibility-to-measles-in-migrant-population-implication-for-policy-makers
#16
Giancarlo Ceccarelli, Serena Vita, Elisabetta Riva, Eleonora Cella, Maurizio Lopalco, Francesca Antonelli, Marina De Cesaris, Marta Fogolari, Giordano Dicuonzo, Massimo Ciccozzi, Silvia Angeletti
Background: Despite a large measles outbreak is taking place in WHO European region, currently no data are available on measles immunization coverage in the asylum seeker and migrants hosted in this area. Methods: Two hundred and fifty-six migrants upon their arrival in Italy on March, April and May 2016 were screened for measles virus IgG antibodies by chemiluminescence immunoassay (Liaison XL analyzer, Diasorin, Italy). The virus susceptibility in this cohort, the differences between the official country reported and the observed measles immunization coverage and the impact of current measles outbreak on the asylum seekers hosted in the largest Asylum Seeker centres of Italy, were evaluated...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232427/what-s-eating-you-scabies-in-the-developing-world
#17
Fernanda Salgado, Dirk M Elston
Scabies infestation is a major cause of impetigo and subsequent renal failure in the developing world, and efforts to eradicate widespread infestation are underway. Ivermectin, topical sulfur, and topical benzyl benzoate often are used to treat widespread outbreaks.
November 2017: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231813/evolutionary-transitions-between-beneficial-and-phytopathogenic-rhodococcus-challenge-disease-management
#18
Elizabeth A Savory, Skylar L Fuller, Alexandra J Weisberg, William J Thomas, Michael I Gordon, Danielle M Stevens, Allison L Creason, Michael S Belcher, Maryna Serdani, Michele S Wiseman, Niklaus J Grünwald, Melodie L Putnam, Jeff H Chang
Understanding how bacteria affect plant health is crucial for developing sustainable crop production systems. We coupled ecological sampling and genome sequencing to characterize the population genetic history of Rhodococcus and the distribution patterns of virulence plasmids in isolates from nurseries. Analysis of chromosome sequences shows that plants host multiple lineages of Rhodococcus, and suggested that these bacteria are transmitted due to independent introductions, reservoir populations, and point source outbreaks...
December 12, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230614/translating-predictions-of-zoonotic-viruses-for-policymakers
#19
Seth D Judson, Matthew LeBreton, Trevon Fuller, Risa M Hoffman, Kevin Njabo, Timothy F Brewer, Elsa Dibongue, Joseph Diffo, Jean-Marc Feussom Kameni, Severin Loul, Godwin W Nchinda, Richard Njouom, Julius Nwobegahay, Jean Michel Takuo, Judith N Torimiro, Abel Wade, Thomas B Smith
Recent outbreaks of Ebola virus disease and Zika virus disease highlight the need for disseminating accurate predictions of emerging zoonotic viruses to national governments for disease surveillance and response. Although there are published maps for many emerging zoonotic viruses, it is unknown if there is agreement among different models or if they are concordant with national expert opinion. Therefore, we reviewed existing predictions for five high priority emerging zoonotic viruses with national experts in Cameroon to investigate these issues and determine how to make predictions more useful for national policymakers...
December 11, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230613/impacts-of-pathogen-introduction-risk-on-importer-behavior-and-gains-from-trade-in-the-livestock-industry
#20
Katherine D Lee, David Finnoff, Peter Daszak
Trade eliminates geographic barriers, allowing for novel exchange of goods and services, but also creates pathways for the unintentional spread of infectious pathogens such as foot and mouth disease. In the absence of trade regulation, a producer's choice of import origin depends on relative prices and costs associated with trading partners. This paper develops a framework for exploring importer behavior in a non-regulated economy, allowing for price and risk heterogeneity among potential import sources. In the model, importers determine the risk of introducing foot and mouth disease to home soil and choose import volumes using risk and market data...
December 11, 2017: EcoHealth
keyword
keyword
93572
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"