keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Urban planning

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352973/the-senegal-urban-reproductive-health-initiative-a-longitudinal-program-impact-evaluation
#1
Aimee Benson, Lisa Calhoun, Meghan Corroon, Abdou Gueye, David Guilkey, Essete Kebede, Peter Lance, Rick O'Hara, Ilene S Speizer, John Stewart, Jennifer Winston
OBJECTIVES: This paper presents the impact of key components of the Senegal Urban Reproductive Health Initiative, including radio, television, community-based activities, Muslim religious-leader engagement and service quality improvement on modern contraceptive use by all women and the sub-sample of poor women. STUDY DESIGN: This study uses baseline (2011) and endline (2015) longitudinal data from a representative sample of urban women first surveyed in 2011 to examine the impact of the Initiative's demand- and supply-side activities on modern contraceptive use...
January 15, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351495/implementing-prehospital-evidence-based-guidelines-a-systematic-literature-review
#2
Jennifer N Fishe, Remle P Crowe, Rebecca E Cash, Nikiah G Nudell, Christian Martin-Gill, Christopher T Richards
OBJECTIVE: As prehospital research advances, more evidence-based guidelines (EBGs) are implemented into emergency medical services (EMS) practice. However, incomplete or suboptimal prehospital EBG implementation may hinder improvement in patient outcomes. To inform future efforts, this study's objective was to review existing evidence pertaining to prehospital EBG implementation methods. METHODS: This study was a systematic literature review and evaluation following the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) methodology...
January 19, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349106/the-wildland-urban-interface-raster-dataset-of-catalonia
#3
Fermín J Alcasena, Cody R Evers, Cristina Vega-Garcia
We provide the wildland urban interface (WUI) map of the autonomous community of Catalonia (Northeastern Spain). The map encompasses an area of some 3.21 million ha and is presented as a 150-m resolution raster dataset. Individual housing location, structure density and vegetation cover data were used to spatially assess in detail the interface, intermix and dispersed rural WUI communities with a geographical information system. Most WUI areas concentrate in the coastal belt where suburban sprawl has occurred nearby or within unmanaged forests...
April 2018: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348110/the-role-of-ethnicity-and-environment-in-the-regulation-of-response-to-sensory-stimulus-in-children-protocol-and-pilot-findings-of-a-neurophysiological-study
#4
Ivan Neil Gomez, Cynthia Yy Lai, Chetwyn Ch Chan, Hector Wh Tsang
BACKGROUND: The ability to regulate the response to sensory stimuli has been associated with successful behavioral patterns necessary for daily activities. However, it is not known whether a child's ethnicity and environment can influence autonomic regulatory mechanisms. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore the role of ethnicity and environment in the regulation of responses to sensory stimuli in children. METHODS: In this study, we intend to recruit 128 children from different ethnic groups or environment contexts as follows: (1) 32 typically developing Chinese children living in Hong Kong; (2) 32 typically developing Filipino children living in Hong Kong; (3) 32 typically developing Filipino children who are living in urban areas; and (4) 32 typically developing Filipino children who are living in rural areas in Philippines...
January 18, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346698/procedural-knowledge-and-skills-of-residents-entering-canadian-family-medicine-programs-in-alberta
#5
Juan Antonio Garcia-Rodriguez, James A Dickinson, Grace Perez, David Ross, Lilian Au, Shelley Ross, Oksana Babenko, Ian Johnston
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Incoming family medicine (FM) residents start residency with different levels of procedural training. Understanding their baseline skill level is necessary to plan the educational experiences and teaching methods that will provide the desired knowledge, skills, and attitudes related to performing medical procedures. METHODS: A survey of 69 procedures based on the core list issued by the College of Family Physicians of Canada was administered to incoming residents in Alberta (Calgary and Edmonton FM programs)...
January 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346663/resident-participation-in-neighbourhood-audit-tools-a-scoping-review
#6
Aafke C L Hofland, Jeroen Devilee, Elise van Kempen, Lea den Broeder
Background: Healthy urban environments require careful planning and a testing of environmental quality that goes beyond statutory requirements. Moreover, it requires the inclusion of resident views, perceptions and experiences that help deepen the understanding of local (public health) problems. To facilitate this, neighbourhoods should be mapped in a way that is relevant to them. One way to do this is participative neighbourhood auditing. This paper provides an insight into availability and characteristics of participatory neighbourhood audit instruments...
February 1, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346440/geographical-distribution-of-soil-transmitted-helminths-and-the-effects-of-community-type-in-south-asia-and-south-east-asia-a-systematic-review
#7
Zachary A Silver, Saravanakumar P Kaliappan, Prasanna Samuel, Srinivasan Venugopal, Gagandeep Kang, Rajiv Sarkar, Sitara S R Ajjampur
BACKGROUND: Soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections are among the most prevalent neglected tropical diseases (NTD) worldwide. Since the publication of the WHO road map to combat NTD in 2012, there has been a renewed commitment to control STH. In this study, we analysed the geographical distribution and effect of community type on prevalence of hookworm, Trichuris and Ascaris in south Asia and south east Asia. METHODOLOGY: We conducted a systematic review of open-access literature published in PubMed Central and the Global Atlas of Helminth Infection...
January 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344034/socio-demographic-determinants-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-tehran-lipid-and-glucose-study-tlgs
#8
Sara Jalali-Farahani, Parisa Amiri, Sepideh Bakht, Zeinab Shayeghian, Leila Cheraghi, Fereidoun Azizi
Background: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is a multi-dimensional concept that is affected by different variables. A large body of evidence shows that socio-demographic factors have a significant influence on HRQOL. When considering differences in cultural contexts and social values of various countries and the lack of evidence regarding socio-demographic determinants of HRQOL among the Iranian general population, it is important to verify the main socio-demographic determinants of HRQOL in an urban Iranian population...
October 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342985/community-based-health-and-exposure-study-around-urban-oil-developments-in-south-los-angeles
#9
Bhavna Shamasunder, Ashley Collier-Oxandale, Jessica Blickley, James Sadd, Marissa Chan, Sandy Navarro, Michael Hannigan, Nicole J Wong
Oilfield-adjacent communities often report symptoms such as headaches and/or asthma. Yet, little data exists on health experiences and exposures in urban environments with oil and gas development. In partnership with Promotoras de Salud (community health workers), we gathered household surveys nearby two oil production sites in Los Angeles. We tested the capacity of low-cost sensors for localized exposure estimates. Bilingual surveys of 205 randomly sampled residences were collected within two 1500 ft. buffer areas (West Adams and University Park) surrounding oil development sites...
January 15, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341801/local-vs-national-epidemiology-of-pedestrian-injury-in-a-mid-atlantic-city
#10
Elizabeth D Nesoff, Keshia M Pollack, Amy R Knowlton, Janice V Bowie, Andrea C Gielen
OBJECTIVE: Understanding pedestrian injury trends at the local level is essential for program planning and allocation of funds for urban planning and improvement. Because we hypothesize that local injury trends differ from national trends in significant and meaningful ways, we investigated city-wide pedestrian injury trends to assess injury risk among nationally-identified risk groups, as well as identify risk groups and locations specific to Baltimore City. METHODS: Pedestrian injury data, obtained from the Baltimore City Fire Department, were gathered through EMS records collected from January 1 to December 31, 2014...
January 17, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341329/violence-and-child-mental-health-in-brazil-the-itabora%C3%A3-youth-study-methods-and-findings
#11
I A Bordin, C S Duarte, W S Ribeiro, C S Paula, E S F Coutinho, A Sourander, J A Rønning
OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate a study design that could be useful in low-resource and violent urban settings and to estimate the prevalence of child violence exposure (at home, community, and school) and child mental health problems in a low-income medium-size city. METHODS: The Itaboraí Youth Study is a Norway-Brazil collaborative longitudinal study conducted in Itaboraí city (n = 1409, 6-15 year olds). A 3-stage probabilistic sampling plan (random selection of census units, eligible households, and target child) generated sampling weights that were used to obtain estimates of population prevalence rates...
January 17, 2018: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336003/prevalence-of-pre-school-children-for-overweight-obesity-in-turkey
#12
Fatih Santas, Gulcan Santas
BACKGROUND: Most of the studies and interventions are targeted to address undernutrition, but childhood obesity has become a silent killer among children. Developing countries, including Turkey, could recognize the importance of the issue now and have begun to discuss the necessity of studies on this subject. Therefore, this study aims to examine the prevalence of obesity among pre-school children in Turkey. METHODS: The data source of this study is the Turkey Demographic and Health Survey (TDHS)-2013...
January 15, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335771/risk-perception-of-heat-waves-and-its-spatial-variation-in-nanjing-china
#13
Lei Huang, Qianqi Yang, Jie Li, Jin Chen, Ruoying He, Can Zhang, Kai Chen, Steven Guanpeng Dong, Yang Liu
The intensity, frequency, and duration of heat waves are expected to increase with climate change. In this study, we found a significant difference of public perceived effects of heat waves and trust in government among urban, suburban, and rural districts. Rural residents had a significant higher effect perception than urbanites and also showed stronger willingness to have medical insurance or regular physical examinations. Meanwhile, suburban residents had the lowest trust perception in government among these three districts, which may be due to suburban districts' unique social structure and complex social issues...
December 13, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334659/serum-zinc-levels-in-acute-psychiatric-patients-a-case-series
#14
Peter Joe, Mara Getz, Samantha Redman, Matthew Petrilli, Thorsten Manfred Kranz, Samoon Ahmad, Dolores Malaspina
Zinc dysregulation is linked to neuropsychiatric disorders and a beneficial response to zinc supplementation has been demonstrated for depression. In this case series, we examined serum zinc levels with respect to clinical factors among 20 acutely ill psychiatric cases admitted to a large urban public hospital. The results showed frank clinical zinc insufficiency in a quarter of the subjects. Group-wise analyses showed a significant association between reduced serum zinc and diagnosis of depression, and reduced serum zinc in those with aggressive, assaultive, or violent behaviors...
January 6, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334331/transport-mobility-5%C3%A2-years-after-stroke-in-an-urban-setting
#15
Hanna C Persson, Helena Selander
Background People after stroke may have residual problems with mobility that can affect their independence and mode of transport. However, there is limited knowledge about transport mobility several years after stroke. Objective The objective was to survey the outdoor mobility and transportation in an urban setting five years post-stroke. Method This cross-sectional study was based on a mail survey focusing on long-term consequences after stroke. The survey comprises a set of self-evaluated questionnaires and was sent to 457 persons, of whom 281 responded (61...
January 15, 2018: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331835/integrating-priority-areas-and-ecological-corridors-into-national-network-for-conservation-planning-in-china
#16
Jie Liang, Xinyue He, Guangming Zeng, Minzhou Zhong, Xiang Gao, Xin Li, Xiaodong Li, Haipeng Wu, Chunting Feng, Wenle Xing, Yilong Fang, Dan Mo
Considering that urban expansion and increase of human activities represent important threats to biodiversity and ecological processes in short and long term, developing protected area (PA) network with high connectivity is considered as a valuable conservation strategy. However, conservation planning associated with the large-scale network in China involves important information loopholes about the land cover and landscape connectivity. In this paper, we made an integrative analysis for the identification of conservation priority areas and least-cost ecological corridors (ECs) in order to promote a more representative, connected and efficient ecological PA network for this country...
January 11, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328547/blow-flies-as-urban-wildlife-sensors
#17
Constanze Hoffmann, Kevin Merkel, Andreas Sachse, Pablo Rodríguez, Fabian H Leendertz, Sébastien Calvignac-Spencer
Wildlife detection in urban areas is very challenging. Conventional monitoring techniques such as direct observation are faced with the limitation that urban wildlife is extremely elusive. It was recently shown that invertebrate-derived DNA (iDNA) can be used to assess wildlife diversity in tropical rainforests. Flies, which are ubiquitous and very abundant in most cities, may also be used to detect wildlife in urban areas. In urban ecosystems, however, overwhelming quantities of domestic mammal DNA could completely mask the presence of wild mammal DNA...
January 12, 2018: Molecular Ecology Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325441/five-year-experience-of-an-inpatient-palliative-care-unit-at-an-academic-referral-center
#18
Myrick C Shinall, Sara F Martin, Jill Nelson, Richard S Miller, Matthew W Semler, Eli E Zimmerman, Christy C Noblit, E Wesley Ely, Mohana Karlekar
BACKGROUND: Palliative care units (PCUs) staffed by specialty-trained physicians and nurses have been established in a number of medical centers. The purpose of this study is to review the 5-year experience of a PCU at a large, urban academic referral center. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed a prospectively collected database of all admissions to the PCU at Vanderbilt University Medical Center in the first 5 years of its existence, from 2012 through 2017. RESULTS: Over these 5 years, there were 3321 admissions to the PCU...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325305/-evaluation-of-asthma-management-from-the-surveys-in-30-provinces-of-china-in-2015-2016
#19
W Q Wang, J T Lin, X Zhou, C Z Wang, M Huang, S X Cai, P Chen, Q C Lin, J Y Zhou, Y H Gu, Y D Yuan, D J Sun, X H Yang, L Yang, J M Huo, Z C Chen, P Jiang, J Zhang, X W Ye, H G Liu, H P Tang, R Y Liu, C T Liu, W Zhang, C P Hu, Y Q Chen, X J Liu, L M Dai, W Zhou, Y J Huang, J Y Xu
Objective: To evaluate the general level of asthma management in urban areas of China and further promote the national asthma management plan. Methods: A multi-center, cross-sectional survey was carried out in 30 provinces of China (except for Tibet) during Oct 2015 to May 2016. It's a questionnaire-based face-to-face survey which included asthma management using peak flow meter (PFM) and pulmonary function test, medication choice of maintenance therapy and asthma education. Results: A total of 3 875 asthmatic outpatients were recruited including 2 347(60...
January 1, 2018: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323865/building-capacity-through-urban-agriculture-report-on-the-ask%C3%A3-y-project
#20
Wanda Martin, Lindsey Vold
INTRODUCTION: Many North American cities have a built environment that provides access to energy-dense food and little opportunity for active living. Urban agriculture contributes to a positive environment involving food plant cultivation that includes processing, storing, distributing and composting. It is a means to increase local food production and thereby improve community health. The purpose of this study was to understand how participating in urban agriculture can help to empower young adults and build capacity for growing food in the city...
January 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
keyword
keyword
93569
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"