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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729309/the-role-of-a-decision-support-smartphone-application-in-enhancing-community-health-volunteers-effectiveness-to-improve-maternal-and-newborn-outcomes-in-nairobi-kenya-quasi-experimental-research-protocol
#1
Pauline Bakibinga, Eva Kamande, Milka Omuya, Abdhalah K Ziraba, Catherine Kyobutungi
INTRODUCTION: Improving maternal and newborn survival remains major aspirations for many countries in the Global South. Slum settlements, a result of rapid urbanisation in many developing countries including Kenya, exhibit high levels of maternal and neonatal mortality. There are limited referral mechanisms for sick neonates and their mothers from the community to healthcare facilities with ability to provide adequate care. In this study, we specifically plan to develop and assess the added value of having community health volunteers (CHVs) use smartphones to identify and track mothers and children in a bid to reduce pregnancy-related complications and newborn deaths in the urban slums of Kamukunji subcounty in Nairobi, Kenya...
July 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722599/assessment-of-fecal-exposure-pathways-in-low-income-urban-neighborhoods-in-accra-ghana-rationale-design-methods-and-key-findings-of-the-sanipath-study
#2
Katharine Robb, Clair Null, Peter Teunis, Habib Yakubu, George Armah, Christine L Moe
Rapid urbanization has contributed to an urban sanitation crisis in low-income countries. Residents in low-income, urban neighborhoods often have poor sanitation infrastructure and services and may experience frequent exposure to fecal contamination through a range of pathways. There are little data to prioritize strategies to decrease exposure to fecal contamination in these complex and highly contaminated environments, and public health priorities are rarely considered when planning urban sanitation investments...
July 17, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719776/blood-glucose-disorders-and-access-to-health-care-services-among-adults-aged-30-to-69-years-in-chi-linh-hai-duong-vietnam
#3
Vu Thi Hoang Lan, Le Tu Hoang, Nguyen Thuy Linh, Bui Thi Tu Quyen
Planning for control of diabetes in Vietnam needs valid information about the burden of diseases in general population. This study employed a cross-sectional design among population aged 30 to 69 years to measure the burden of type 2 diabetes and gaps in access to health care to explore the negative effects of rapid economic growth and urbanization in Chi Linh in recent years. A total of 594 adults were interviewed and had their fasting blood glucose tested. Results indicated that the prevalence of impaired fasting glycaemia was 11...
July 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719284/nonacademic-attributes-predict-medical-and-nursing-student-intentions-to-emigrate-or-to-work-rurally-an-eight-country-survey-in-asia-and-africa
#4
David M Silvestri, Meridith Blevins, Kenneth A Wallston, Arfan R Afzal, Nazmul Alam, Ben Andrews, Miliard Derbew, Simran Kaur, Mwapatsa Mipando, Charles A Mkony, Philip M Mwachaka, Nirju Ranjit, Sten H Vermund
AbstractWe sought to identify independent, nonacademic predictors of medical and nursing student intent to migrate abroad or from rural to urban areas after graduation in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). This was a cross-sectional survey of 3,199 first- and final-year medical and nursing students at 16 training institutions in eight LMIC. Questionnaires assessed demographics, career intentions, and preferences regarding selected career, location, and work-related attributes. Using principal component analysis, student preferences were reduced into four discrete categories of priorities: 1) work environment resources, 2) location livability, 3) altruistic job values, and 4) individualistic job values...
June 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715981/trajectory-of-weight-patterns-in-urban-youth-throughout-their-stay-in-a-juvenile-justice-system
#5
Lori Keough, Meghan Cobb, Tatum Sinclair, Dawn Beckman
Incarceration is associated with health risks including overweight and obesity. This study explored obesity rates and weight gain in incarcerated youth by tracking weight trajectory during continuous stays in juvenile justice facilities. Among 65 youth, mean weight gain was 17.8 pounds and significant, F(2, 12) = 25.44, p = .03. Youth gained an average of 15.6 pounds (standard deviation [ SD] = 3.6) during the initial incarceration period (mean = 71 days). From the assessment to treatment period (mean = 46 days), mean weight gain was 4...
July 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715433/what-determines-the-preference-for-future-living-arrangements-of-middle-aged-and-older-people-in-urban-china
#6
Dijuan Meng, Guihua Xu, Ling He, Min Zhang, Dan Lin
OBJECTIVE: Living arrangements are important to the elderly. However, it is common for elderly parents in urban China to not have a living situation that they consider ideal. An understanding of their preferences assists us in responding to the needs of the elderly as well as in anticipating future long-term care demands. The aim of this study is to provide a clear understanding of preferences for future living arrangements and their associated factors among middle-aged and older people in urban China...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715058/public-health-and-urban-planning-a-powerful-alliance-to-be-enhanced-in-italy
#7
D D'Alessandro, L Appolloni, L Capasso
Urban planning has played and still plays a key role in improving urban health and indoor health. The authors sketch out the historical evolution of the relationships between Public Health and urban planning, in particular to what happened in Italy during the past 150 years. The authors suggest some lines for further research, but also describe some interventions that could obtain practical results in terms of health gains for the population.
September 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709094/fit-for-purpose-wastewater-treatment-conceptualization-to-development-of-decision-support-tool-i
#8
Gyan Chhipi-Shrestha, Kasun Hewage, Rehan Sadiq
This article is the first in a series of two papers. Paper I focuses on model conceptualization and development, and Paper II in the series focuses on model validation and implementation. The amount of water reuse has been increasing across the globe. Wastewater can be treated based on the intended end use of reclaimed water. Fit-for-purpose wastewater treatment (WWT) simultaneously considers intended end use, economic viability, and environmental sustainability. WWT technologies differ mainly in terms of treatment efficiency, cost, energy use, and associated carbon emissions...
July 11, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708825/lymphatic-filariasis-patient-identification-in-a-large-urban-area-of-tanzania-an-application-of-a-community-led-mhealth-system
#9
Upendo Mwingira, Maria Chikawe, Wilfred Lazarus Mandara, Hayley E Mableson, Cecilia Uisso, Irene Mremi, Alpha Malishee, Mwele Malecela, Charles D Mackenzie, Louise A Kelly-Hope, Michelle C Stanton
BACKGROUND: Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is best known for the disabling and disfiguring clinical conditions that infected patients can develop; providing care for these individuals is a major goal of the Global Programme to Eliminate LF. Methods of locating these patients, knowing their true number and thus providing care for them, remains a challenge for national medical systems, particularly when the endemic zone is a large urban area. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPLE FINDINGS: A health community-led door-to-door survey approach using the SMS reporting tool MeasureSMS-Morbidity was used to rapidly collate and monitor data on LF patients in real-time (location, sex, age, clinical condition) in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania...
July 14, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708074/into-the-woods-or-a-stroll-in-the-park-how-virtual-contact-with-nature-impacts-positive-and-negative-affect
#10
Elizabeth McAllister, Navjot Bhullar, Nicola S Schutte
This study examined the effects of virtual contact with nature on positive and negative affect, and investigated the psychological process of perceived restorativeness as a mediator of this relationship. A sample of 220 Australians aged between 18 and 75 years (M = 49.07, SD = 14.34, female = 72%) participated in the study. Participants were randomly allocated to one of the three experimental conditions experienced through video presentations: (1) 'wild' nature, (2) 'urban' nature, and (3) non-nature control...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707548/geographical-assignment-of-hospitalists-in-an-urban-teaching-hospital-feasibility-and-impact-on-efficiency-and-provider-satisfaction
#11
Christine Bryson, Greta Boynton, Anna Stepczynski, Jane Garb, Reva Kleppel, Farzan Irani, Siva Natanasabathpy, Mihaela S Stefan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether implementation of a geographic model of assigning hospitalists is feasible and sustainable in a large hospitalist program and assess its impact on provider satisfaction, perceived efficiency and patient outcomes. METHODS: Pre (3 months) - post (12 months) intervention study conducted from June 2014 through September 2015 at a tertiary care medical center with a large hospitalist program caring for patients scattered in 4 buildings and 16 floors...
July 14, 2017: Hospital Practice (Minneapolis)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706999/ecological-connectivity-networks-in-rapidly-expanding-cities
#12
Amal Najihah M Nor, Ron Corstanje, Jim A Harris, Darren R Grafius, Gavin M Siriwardena
Urban expansion increases fragmentation of the landscape. In effect, fragmentation decreases connectivity, causes green space loss and impacts upon the ecology and function of green space. Restoration of the functionality of green space often requires restoring the ecological connectivity of this green space within the city matrix. However, identifying ecological corridors that integrate different structural and functional connectivity of green space remains vague. Assessing connectivity for developing an ecological network by using efficient models is essential to improve these networks under rapid urban expansion...
June 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706095/elucidating-the-information-exchange-during-interfacility-care-transitions-insights-from-a-qualitative-study
#13
Lianne Jeffs, Marianne Saragosa, Madelyn Law, Kerry Kuluski, Sherry Espin, Jane Merkley, Chaim M Bell
OBJECTIVE: To explore the perceptions of patients, their caregivers and healthcare professionals associated with the exchange of information during transitioning from two acute care hospitals to one rehabilitation hospital. DESIGN: An exploratory qualitative study using semi-structured interviews and observation. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: Patients over the age of 65 years admitted to an orthopaedic unit for a non-elective admission, their caregivers and healthcare professionals involved in their care...
July 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705179/improving-health-literacy-through-group-antenatal-care-a-prospective-cohort-study
#14
Jody R Lori, Henrietta Ofosu-Darkwah, Carol J Boyd, Tanima Banerjee, Richard M K Adanu
BACKGROUND: To examine whether exposure to group antenatal care increased women's health literacy by improving their ability to interpret and utilize health messages compared to women who received standard, individual antenatal care in Ghana. METHODS: We used a prospective cohort design. The setting was a busy urban district hospital in Kumasi, the second most populous city in Ghana. Pregnant women (N = 240) presenting for their first antenatal visit between 11 and 14 weeks gestation were offered participation in the study...
July 14, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704969/urban-green-space-perception-and-its-contribution-to-well-being
#15
Gyula Kothencz, Ronald Kolcsár, Pablo Cabrera-Barona, Péter Szilassi
Individual perceptions are essential when evaluating the well-being benefits from urban green spaces. This study predicted the influence of perceived green space characteristics in the city of Szeged, Hungary, on two well-being variables: the green space visitors' level of satisfaction and the self-reported quality of life. The applied logistic regression analysis used nine predictors: seven perceived green space characteristics from a questionnaire survey among visitors of five urban green spaces of Szeged; and the frequency of green space visitors' crowd-sourced recreational running paths and photographs picturing green space aesthetics...
July 12, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699944/improving-the-readability-of-pediatric-hospital-medicine-discharge-instructions
#16
Ndidi Unaka, Angela Statile, Karen Jerardi, Devesh Dahale, Joan Morris, Brianna Liberio, Ashley Jenkins, Blair Simpson, Randi Mullaney, Jodi Kelley, Michelle Durling, Jennifer Shafer, Patrick Brady
BACKGROUND: Readable discharge instructions may help caregivers understand and implement care plans following hospitalization. Many caregivers of hospitalized children, however, have limited literacy. We aimed to increase the percentage of discharge instructions written at 7th grade level or lower for hospital medicine patients from 13% to 80% in 6 months. METHODS: Quality improvement efforts targeted a 42-bed unit at the community satellite of our large, urban academic hospital...
July 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699852/children-s-representations-of-nature-using-photovoice-and-community-mapping-perspectives-from-south-africa
#17
Sabirah Adams, Shazly Savahl, Tobia Fattore
The aim of the study was to explore children's representations and perceptions of natural spaces using photovoice and community mapping. The sample consisted of 28 children aged 12-14 years residing in urban and rural communities in the Western Cape, South Africa. Data were collected by means of a series of six focus groups interviews (three photovoice discussion groups and three community mapping discussion groups). For the photovoice missions, children were provided with a 28-exposure disposable camera and given 1 week to complete their missions...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699559/aedes-aegypti-breeding-ecology-in-guerrero-cross-sectional-study-of-mosquito-breeding-sites-from-the-baseline-for-the-camino-verde-trial-in-mexico
#18
Arcadio Morales-Pérez, Elizabeth Nava-Aguilera, Alejandro Balanzar-Martínez, Antonio Juan Cortés-Guzmán, David Gasga-Salinas, Irma Esther Rodríguez-Ramos, Alba Meneses-Rentería, Sergio Paredes-Solís, José Legorreta-Soberanis, Felipe Gil Armendariz-Valle, Robert J Ledogar, Anne Cockcroft, Neil Andersson
BACKGROUND: Understanding the breeding patterns of Aedes aegypti in households and the factors associated with infestation are important for implementing vector control. The baseline survey of a cluster randomised controlled trial of community mobilisation for dengue prevention in Mexico and Nicaragua collected information about the containers that are the main breeding sites, identified possible actions to reduce breeding, and examined factors associated with household infestation. This paper describes findings from the Mexican arm of the baseline survey...
May 30, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698462/using-health-impact-assessment-as-an-interdisciplinary-teaching-tool
#19
REVIEW
Melissa Chinchilla, Mariana C Arcaya
Health Impact Assessment (HIA) courses are teaching public health and urban planning students how to assess the likely health effects of proposed policies, plans, and projects. We suggest that public health and urban planning have complimentary frameworks for training practitioners to address the living conditions that affect health. Planning perspectives emphasize practical skills for impacting community change, while public health stresses professional purpose and ethics. Frameworks from both disciplines can enhance the HIA learning experience by helping students tackle questions related to community impact, engagement, social justice, and ethics...
July 8, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694060/temporal-growth-and-spatial-distribution-of-the-fast-food-industry-and-its-relationship-with-economic-development-in-china-2005-2012
#20
Hong Xue, Xi Cheng, Qi Zhang, Huijun Wang, Bing Zhang, Weidong Qu, Youfa Wang
The fast food (FF) industry has expanded rapidly in China during the past two decades, in parallel with an increase in the prevalence of obesity. Using government-reported longitudinal data from 21 provinces and cities in China, this study examined the growth over time and the spatial distribution patterns of the FF industry as well as the key social economic factors involved. We visualized the temporal and geographic distributions of FF industry development and conducted cross-sectional and longitudinal spatial analysis to assess associations between macroeconomic conditions, population dynamics, and the growth and distributional changes of the industry...
July 8, 2017: Preventive Medicine
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