keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Urban planning

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819693/the-mindmap-project-mental-well-being-in-urban-environments-design-and-first-results-of-a%C3%A2-survey-on-healthcare-planning-policies-strategies-and-programmes-that-address-mental-health-promotion-and-mental-disorder-prevention-for-older-people-in-europe
#1
REVIEW
L Neumann, U Dapp, W Jacobsen, F van Lenthe, W von Renteln-Kruse
BACKGROUND: The MINDMAP consortium (2016-2019) aims to identify opportunities provided by the urban environment for the promotion of mental well-being and functioning of older people in Europe by bringing together European cities with urban longitudinal ageing studies: GLOBE, HAPIEE, HUNT, LASA, LUCAS, RECORD, Rotterdam Study, Turin Study. A survey on mental healthcare planning policies and programmes dedicated to older persons covering the range from health promotion to need of nursing care was performed for profound data interpretation in Amsterdam, Eindhoven, Hamburg, Helsinki, Kaunas, Krakow, London, Nord-Trøndelag, Paris, Prague, Rotterdam and Turin...
August 17, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817126/principles-for-vertical-ridge-augmentation-in-the-atrophic-posterior-mandible-a-technical-review
#2
Istvan A Urban, Alberto Monje, Jaime Lozada, Hom-Lay Wang
Guided bone regeneration has become more predictable due to advances in material sciences. Nevertheless, vertical ridge augmentation (VRA) remains a potential challenge due to the complexity of soft tissue management. This becomes more complicated in the posterior atrophic mandible due to limited access and poorer blood supply. As such, a number of critical elements must be taken into consideration in treatment planning. Anatomical structures potentially jeopardize intraoperative adverse events such as bleeding or neurosensory disturbances...
September 2017: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816517/targeted-areas-for-improving-health-literacy-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#3
Megan Moore, Taniga Kiatchai, Rajiv C Ayyagari, Monica S Vavilala
OBJECTIVE: To develop a framework to identify targeted areas for improving health literacy for caregivers after traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHOD: Qualitative study using inductive and deductive qualitative content analysis was conducted in a large, urban, level I trauma centre. Interviews were conducted with 23 caregivers of persons with TBI. Participants' perspectives on communication and preparation for discharge were explored and understanding of commonly used words and discharge instructions were assessed...
August 17, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814377/body-weight-misperception-and-dissatisfaction-among-overweight-and-obese-adult-nigerians
#4
Mukadas Oyeniran Akindele, Joliana Phillips, Ehimario Igumbor, Ushotanefe Useh
BACKGROUND: The increase in the prevalence of overweight and obesity in low- and medium-income countries has a negative impact on overall health. Correct perception of one's body weight is a step in seeking healthy help toward weight reduction in overweight and obese individuals. OBJECTIVE: This study was carried out to assess the body weight misperception and dissatisfaction among overweight and obese adults in an urban African setting. METHODS: This study was part of a larger cross-sectional study that was designed to plan an intervention for overweight and obese adults in an urban African setting...
August 16, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809754/associations-of-built-environment-and-children-s-physical-activity-a-narrative-review
#5
Houshmand E Masoumi
PROBLEM: Childhood obesity has been an epidemic particularly in high-income countries. There is a considerable volume of data and studies depicting the rising number of obese children and adolescents in different countries. As suggested by the literature, physical inactivity is one the main drivers of childhood obesity. This paper addresses the associations of the built environment with physical activity of children in order to find to theoretically facilitate intervention and prevention measures...
August 15, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806579/access-to-emergency-care-services-a-transversal-ecological-study-about-brazilian-emergency-health-care-network
#6
T A H Rocha, N C da Silva, P V Amaral, A C Q Barbosa, J V M Rocha, V Alvares, D G de Almeida, E Thumé, E B A F Thomaz, R C de Sousa Queiroz, M R de Souza, A Lein, N Toomey, C A Staton, J R N Vissoci, L A Facchini
OBJECTIVES: Studies of health geography are important in the planning and allocation of emergency health services. The geographical distribution of health facilities is an important factor in timely and quality access to emergency services; therefore, the present study analyzed the emergency health care network in Brazil, focusing the analysis at the roles of small hospitals (SHs). STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional ecological study. METHODS: Data were collected from 9429 hospitals of which 3524 were SHs and 5905 were high-complexity centers (HCCs)...
August 11, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804250/modern-contraceptive-choice-among-patients-seen-at-the-cameroon-national-planning-association-for-family-welfare-clinic-yaound%C3%A3
#7
Tameh Theodore Yangsi, Fouelifack Ymele Florent, Mbong Eta Ngole, Fomulu Nelson
BACKGROUND: To understand the low modern contraceptive prevalence in Cameroon, we reviewed the methods chosen and determined their side effects among patients in an urban setting. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study at the "Cameroon National Planning Association for Family Welfare (CAMNAFAW) Clinic" in Yaoundé. Data were processed by SPSS software version 20.0 for Windows, and all tests were considered statistically significant at P < .05. RESULTS: Of the 1180 women sampled, the most chosen methods were as follows: depot medroxy progesterone acetate: 72...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803081/building-an-outpatient-kidney-palliative-care-clinical-program
#8
Jennifer S Scherer, Rebecca Wright, Caroline S Blaum, Stephen P Wall
CONTEXT: A diagnosis of advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD), or end stage renal disease (ESRD) represents a significant life change for patients and families. Individuals often experience high symptom burden, decreased quality of life, increased health care utilization, and end-of-life care discordant with their preferences. Early integration of palliative care with standard nephrology practice in the outpatient setting has the potential to improve quality of life through provision of expert symptom management, emotional support, and facilitation of advance care planning that honors the individual's values and goals...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801431/socioeconomic-and-geographical-variation-in-general-practitioner-consultations-for-allergic-rhinitis-in-england-2003-2014-an-observational-study
#9
Daniel Todkill, Paul Loveridge, Alex James Elliot, Roger Morbey, Simon de Lusignan, Obaghe Edeghere, Gillian Smith
OBJECTIVE: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a global health problem, potentially impacting individuals' sleep, work and social life. We aimed to use a surveillance network of general practitioners (GPs) to describe the epidemiology of AR consultations in England. SETTING: A large GP surveillance network covering approximately 53% of the English population. METHODS: GP consultations for AR across England between 30 December 2002 and 31 December 2014 were analysed...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801191/household-survey-of-hiv-incidence-in-rwanda-a-national-observational-cohort-study
#10
Sabin Nsanzimana, Eric Remera, Steve Kanters, Augustin Mulindabigwi, Amitabh B Suthar, Jean Paul Uwizihiwe, Mutagoma Mwumvaneza, Edward J Mills, Heiner C Bucher
BACKGROUND: In Rwanda, HIV prevalence among adults aged 15-49 years has been stable at 3% since 2005. The aim of this study was to characterise HIV incidence across Rwanda. METHODS: We did a nationally representative, prospective HIV incidence survey for the period of 2013-14, which used two-stage sampling. We randomly selected 492 villages in the first sampling stage and 14 households per village in the second stage. Participants completed a questionnaire and 14 140 people were tested for HIV...
August 8, 2017: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800693/a-modified-sintacs-method-for-groundwater-vulnerability-and-pollution-risk-assessment-in-highly-anthropized-regions-based-on-no3-and-so4-2-concentrations
#11
Busico Gianluigi, Kazakis Nerantzis, Colombani Nicolò, Mastrocicco Micòl, Voudouris Konstantinos, Tedesco Dario
Groundwater vulnerability and risk assessment area worldwide tools in supporting groundwater protection and land planning. In this study, we used three of these different methodologies applied to the Campanian Plain located in southern Italy: SINTACS, AVI and LOS. However, their capability to describe the observed chemical pollution of the area has resulted quite poor. For such a reason, a modified SINTACS method has been then implemented in the area in order to get a more reliable view of groundwater vulnerability...
August 7, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796847/population-size-estimation-of-female-sex-workers-in-iran-synthesis-of-methods-and-results
#12
Hamid Sharifi, Mohammad Karamouzian, Mohammad Reza Baneshi, Mostafa Shokoohi, AliAkbar Haghdoost, Willi McFarland, Ali Mirzazadeh
INTRODUCTION: Estimating the number of key populations at risk of HIV is essential for planning, monitoring, and evaluating prevention, care, and treatment programmes. We conducted this study to estimate the number of female sex workers (FSW) in major cities of Iran. METHODS: We used three population size estimation methods (i.e., wisdom of the crowds, multiplier method, and network scale-up) to calculate the number of FSW in 13 cities in Iran. The wisdom of the crowds and multiplier methods were integrated into a nationwide bio-behavioural surveillance survey in 2015, and the network scale-up method was included in a national survey of the general population in 2014...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792492/persistence-of-butterfly-populations-in-fragmented-habitats-along-urban-density-gradients-motility-helps
#13
E Rochat, S Manel, M Deschamps-Cottin, I Widmer, S Joost
In a simulation study of genotypes conducted over 100 generations for more than 1600 butterfly's individuals, we evaluate how the increase of anthropogenic fragmentation and reduction of habitat size along urbanisation gradients (from 7 to 59% of impervious land cover) influences genetic diversity and population persistence in butterfly species. We show that in areas characterised by a high urbanisation rate (>56% impervious land cover), a large decrease of both genetic diversity (loss of 60-80% of initial observed heterozygosity) and population size (loss of 70-90% of individuals) is observed over time...
August 9, 2017: Heredity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792359/-i-want-to-go-gently-how-aids-patients-in-ghana-envisage-their-deaths
#14
Fidelia N A Ohemeng, Steve Tonah
This article examines the views of persons living with AIDS about how they want to die and how they are planning for their deaths. Participants for the study were purposefully drawn from an HIV clinic in an urban town in Ghana. In-depth interviews were conducted with 25 persons living with AIDS. Three preferences of death were identified by the participants. These include the desire for a quick death, death at home, and death without emaciating. Planning for death involved attending church and taking care of children...
September 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783908/quantitative-estimation-of-21st-century-urban-greenspace-changes-in-chinese-populous-cities
#15
Bin Chen, Zhen Nie, Ziyue Chen, Bing Xu
Understanding the spatiotemporal changes of urban greenspace is a critical requirement for supporting urban planning and maintaining the function of urbanities. Although plenty of previous studies have attempted to estimate urban greenspace changes in China, there still remain shortcomings such as inconsistent surveying procedures and insufficient spatial resolution and city samples. Using cloud-free Landsat image composites in circa years 2000 and 2014, and Defense Meteorological Program Satellite Program's Operational Line-scan System (DMSP/OLS) nighttime lights dataset, we quantitatively estimated the urban greenspace changes regarding both administrative divisions and urban core boundaries across 98 Chinese populous cities...
July 31, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782660/evaluation-and-management-of-primary-ovarian-insufficiency-in-adolescents-and-young-adults
#16
Rula V Kanj, Nana Ama Ofei-Tenkorang, Mekibib Altaye, Catherine M Gordon
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To identify clinical features associated with primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) and collect data on the evaluation and treatment received. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. Data abstracted on etiology of POI, history, laboratory evaluation, imaging results, return for clinical care, and treatment plans. SETTING: Urban children's hospital in Cincinnati, Ohio. PARTICIPANT: s: 50 females, age 11-26 years, with initial presentation of POI between January 1, 2006-December 31, 2015...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778040/health-impacts-related-to-urban-and-transport-planning-a-burden-of-disease-assessment
#17
Natalie Mueller, David Rojas-Rueda, Xavier Basagaña, Marta Cirach, Tom Cole-Hunter, Payam Dadvand, David Donaire-Gonzalez, Maria Foraster, Mireia Gascon, David Martinez, Cathryn Tonne, Margarita Triguero-Mas, Antònia Valentín, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen
INTRODUCTION: Until now, estimates of the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) have mainly been produced on national or regional levels. These general estimates, however, are less useful for city governments who have to take decisions on local scales. To address this gap, we focused on the city-level burden of disease (BD) due to exposures affected by urban and transport planning. We conducted a BD assessment using the Urban and Transport Planning Health Impact Assessment (UTOPHIA) tool to estimate annual preventable morbidity and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) under compliance with international exposure recommendations for physical activity (PA), exposure to air pollution, noise, heat, and access to green spaces in Barcelona, Spain...
October 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778036/healthy-urban-living-residential-environment-and-health-of-older-adults-in-shanghai
#18
Yafei Liu, Martin Dijst, Jan Faber, Stan Geertman, Can Cui
A healthy residential environment, especially for older adults, has emerged as an important issue on political and planning agenda in China. This paper aims to investigate the direct and indirect impact of residential environment on the health of older adults in Shanghai, taking into account health-related behaviours, subjective well-being and socio-demographic factors in one comprehensive conceptual model. Our results show that the residential environment is associated with older adults' health directly, and also indirectly through a series of significant behavioural (physical and social activities) and perceptual (subjective well-being) factors...
August 1, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777233/validating-performance-of-a-hospital-discharge-planning-decision-tool-in-community-hospitals
#19
Diane E Holland, Cheryl Brandt, Paul V Targonski, Kathryn H Bowles
PURPOSE OF STUDY: The Early Screen for Discharge Planning (ESDP) is a decision support tool developed in an urban academic medical center. High ESDP scores identify patients with nonroutine discharge plans who would benefit from early discharge planning intervention. We aimed to determine the predictive performance of the ESDP in a different practice setting. PRIMARY PRACTICE SETTING: Rural regional community hospital. METHODOLOGY AND SAMPLE: We designed a comparative, descriptive survey study and enrolled a convenience sample of 222 patients (identified at admission) who provided informed consent...
September 2017: Professional Case Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767291/improving-asthma-control-through-asthma-action-plans-a-quality-improvement-project-at-a-midwest-community-clinic
#20
Laila S Akhter, Jeyn L Monkman, Gao Vang, Jeanne Pfeiffer
This urban community clinic had poor asthma outcomes compared to the state of Minnesota. The standard of care supports an annual Asthma Action Plan (AAP). However, the majority of patients at this clinic had not received one. This quality improvement project aimed to improve asthma control, measured by an asthma control test of at least 20, through AAP implementation supported by all team members. The clinic's interdisciplinary champion group implemented workflow changes via practice facilitation and Plan-Do-Study-Act cycles...
July 2017: Journal of Community Health Nursing
keyword
keyword
93569
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"