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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545843/diabetes-and-lifetime-risk-of-coronary-heart-disease
#1
Tanvir Chowdhury Turin, Tomonori Okamura, Nahid Rumana, Arfan Raheen Afzal, Makoto Watanabe, Aya Higashiyama, Yoko M Nakao, Michikazu Nakai, Misa Takegami, Kunihiro Nishimura, Yoshihiro Kokubo, Akira Okayama, Yoshihiro Miyamoto
INTRODUCTION: Epidemiological estimate lifetime risk (LTR) is a measure that expresses the probability of disease in the remaining lifetime for individuals of a specific index age. These estimates can be useful for general audience targeted knowledge translation activities against diabetes. There are only a few reports on lifetime of impact of diabetes on coronary heart disease (CHD) events. METHODS: The Suita Study, a cohort study of cardiovascular diseases (CVD), was established in 1989...
May 22, 2017: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545739/-health-impact-assessment-methodology-for-urban-planning-projects-in-andalusia-spain
#2
Luis A Moya-Ruano, Ana Candau-Bejarano, Francisco J Rodríguez-Rasero, Josefa Ruiz-Fernández, José Vela-Ríos
OBJECTIVE: To describe the tool developed in Andalusia (Spain) to conduct an analysis and prospective assessment of health impacts from urban planning projects as well as the process followed to design it. METHOD: On the one hand, direct and indirect relationships between urban setting and health were identified in light of the best scientific evidence available; and, on the other hand, methods and tools in impact assessment were reviewed. After the design of the tool, it was tested via both internal and external validation processes (meetings, workshops and interviews with key informants)...
May 22, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545242/public-open-spaces-and-leisure-time-walking-in-brazilian-adults
#3
Alex Antonio Florindo, Ligia Vizeu Barrozo, William Cabral-Miranda, Eduardo Quieroti Rodrigues, Gavin Turrell, Moisés Goldbaum, Chester Luiz Galvão Cesar, Billie Giles-Corti
Access to public open space is important to increase leisure-time walking (LTW) in high-income countries, but there is little evidence in middle-income countries. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis to examine the relationship between LTW and the presence of different public open spaces (parks, bike paths, and squares) and the mix of these recreational destinations near the homes of adults participating in the Sao Paulo Health Survey (n = 3145). LTW was evaluated by a questionnaire. We delineated buffers (500, 1000, and 1500 m) from the geographic coordinates of the adults' residential addresses using a geographic information system...
May 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545203/influence-of-urban-vegetation-on-air-pollution-and-noise-exposure-a-case-study-in-gothenburg-sweden
#4
Jenny Klingberg, Malin Broberg, Bo Strandberg, Pontus Thorsson, Håkan Pleijel
Air pollution levels (NO2, PAHs, O3) were investigated, before (BLE) and after (ALE) leaf emergence, in the urban landscape of Gothenburg, Sweden. The aims were to study the 1) spatial and temporal variation in pollution levels between urban green areas, 2) effect of urban vegetation on air pollution levels at the same distance from a major emission source (traffic route), 3) improvement of urban air quality in urban parks compared to adjacent sites near traffic, 4) correlation between air pollution and noise in a park...
May 20, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540047/clinical-outcomes-for-the-obese-hospital-inpatient-an-observational-study
#5
K L Fusco, H C Robertson, H Galindo, P H Hakendorf, C H Thompson
OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of obesity presents a burden for Australian health care. The aim of this study was to determine whether severely obese hospital inpatients have worse outcomes. METHODS: This is an observational cohort study, using data from all adult patients admitted to hospital for all elective and emergency admissions of patients aged over 18 years to two large Australian urban hospitals. We measured their length of stay, intensive care unit admission rate, intensive care unit length of stay, mortality and readmission rates within 28 days of discharge and compared these outcomes in the severely obese and non-severely obese subjects using t-test or chi-square test as appropriate...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535773/nurses-who-work-in-rural-and-remote-communities-in-canada-a-national-survey
#6
Martha L P MacLeod, Norma J Stewart, Judith C Kulig, Penny Anguish, Mary Ellen Andrews, Davina Banner, Leana Garraway, Neil Hanlon, Chandima Karunanayake, Kelley Kilpatrick, Irene Koren, Julie Kosteniuk, Ruth Martin-Misener, Nadine Mix, Pertice Moffitt, Janna Olynick, Kelly Penz, Larine Sluggett, Linda Van Pelt, Erin Wilson, Lela Zimmer
BACKGROUND: In Canada, as in other parts of the world, there is geographic maldistribution of the nursing workforce, and insufficient attention is paid to the strengths and needs of those providing care in rural and remote settings. In order to inform workforce planning, a national study, Nursing Practice in Rural and Remote Canada II, was conducted with the rural and remote regulated nursing workforce (registered nurses, nurse practitioners, licensed or registered practical nurses, and registered psychiatric nurses) with the intent of informing policy and planning about improving nursing services and access to care...
May 23, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535718/health-impact-assessment-on-urban-development-projects-in-france-finding-pathways-to-fit-practice-to-context
#7
Anne Roué-Le Gall, Françoise Jabot
In France, there is increasing interest in health impact assessments (HIAs) and most are performed on urban projects. The field of expertise is still under development and mostly established within the public health sector. To date, in France, all HIAs conducted in urban planning are stand-alone HIAs disconnected from the required environmental impact assessment (EIA). The paper opens with an introduction of the close and complex relationship between health and urban planning, HIA and a description of key elements needed for understanding the French context...
May 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528275/it-is-not-all-bad-for-the-grey-city-a-crossover-study-on-physiological-and-psychological-restoration-in-a-forest-and-an-urban-environment
#8
Ulrika K Stigsdotter, Sus Sola Corazon, Ulrik Sidenius, Jesper Kristiansen, Patrik Grahn
Today, urbanization presents a challenge to urban planning with regard to creating healthy living environments. The aim of this research is to gain further knowledge of the restorativeness of a best case urban and natural environment: that is a historic down town urban environment and forest environment located in an arboretum. The study has a cross-over design where 51 (N) female university students are exposed to the two environments through both seated viewing and walking. A mixed method approach is used with both physiological measurements of blood pressure (BP) and heart rate variability (HRV) and psychological measurements of mood change and perceived restorativeness...
May 18, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526932/inpatient-addiction-consultation-for-hospitalized-patients-increases-post-discharge-abstinence-and-reduces-addiction-severity
#9
Sarah E Wakeman, Joshua P Metlay, Yuchiao Chang, Grace E Herman, Nancy A Rigotti
BACKGROUND: Alcohol and drug use results in substantial morbidity, mortality, and cost. Individuals with alcohol and drug use disorders are overrepresented in general medical settings. Hospital-based interventions offer an opportunity to engage with a vulnerable population that may not otherwise seek treatment. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether inpatient addiction consultation improves substance use outcomes 1 month after discharge. DESIGN: Prospective quasi-experimental evaluation comparing 30-day post-discharge outcomes between participants who were and were not seen by an addiction consult team during hospitalization at an urban academic hospital...
May 19, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513624/type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-malaysia-current-trends-and-risk-factors
#10
REVIEW
E-S Tee, R W K Yap
This review discussed the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) in Malaysia and the associated major risk factors, namely overweight/obesity, dietary practices and physical activity in both adults and school children. Detailed analyses of such information will provide crucial information for the formulation and implementation of programmes for the control and prevention of T2DM in the country. National studies from 1996-2015, and other recent nation-wide studies were referred to. The current prevalence of DM in 2015 is 17...
May 17, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508717/expanding-the-haitian-rehabilitation-workforce-employment-situation-and-perceptions-of-graduates-from-three-rehabilitation-technician-training-programs
#11
Nancy Descôteaux, Valérie Chagnon, Xin Di Dong, Eric Ellemo, Alessandra Hamelin, Evans Juste, Xavier Laplante, Allison Miron, Philippe Morency, Katherine Samuel, David Charles, Matthew Hunt
PURPOSE: This article examines the employment situation and perceptions of graduates from three rehabilitation technician (RT) programs in Haiti. METHODS: In this mixed method study, 74 of 93 recent graduates completed a questionnaire, and 20 graduates participated in an in-depth qualitative interview. We analyzed survey results using descriptive statistics. We used a qualitative description approach and analyzed the interviews using constant comparative techniques...
February 25, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505367/effect-of-health-information-exchange-on-recognition-of-medication-discrepancies-is-interrupted-when-data-charges-are-introduced-results-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Kenneth S Boockvar, William Ho, Jennifer Pruskowski, Katherine E DiPalo, Jane J Wong, Jessica Patel, Jonathan R Nebeker, Rainu Kaushal, William Hung
Objectives: : To determine the effect of health information exchange (HIE) on medication prescribing for hospital inpatients in a cluster-randomized controlled trial, and to examine the prescribing effect of availability of information from a large pharmacy insurance plan in a natural experiment. Methods: : Patients admitted to an urban hospital received structured medication reconciliation by an intervention pharmacist with (intervention) or without (control) access to a regional HIE...
May 13, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504833/the-role-of-men-in-pregnancy-decision-making-in-an-urban-area-of-the-philippines
#13
Alanna E Hirz, Josephine L Avila, Jessica D Gipson
OBJECTIVE: To understand the beliefs of men in the Philippines surrounding unintended pregnancy and induced abortion, and perceptions of their roles in pregnancy decision making. METHODS: Qualitative data were collected during in-depth interviews and focus group discussions with men in an urban area of the Philippines between January 1, 2007, and December 31, 2008. Interview participants were purposively after having reported being "afraid or troubled" or "afraid and [planning] to terminate" in response to a recent pregnancy...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503193/correlates-comorbidities-and-suicidal-tendencies-of-problematic-game-use-in-a-national-wide-sample-of-korean-adults
#14
Subin Park, Hong Jin Jeon, Jung Woo Son, Haesoo Kim, Jin Pyo Hong
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the prevalence, correlates, comorbidities, and suicidal tendencies of problematic game use in a nationally representative sample of Korean adults. METHODS: Of the 6022 subjects who participated in the 2011 Korean Epidemiologic Catchment Area study and completed the Composite International Diagnostic Interview 2.1, 1397 game users were evaluated for problematic game use using 9-item DSM-5 proposed criteria for Internet gaming disorder...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502198/prevalence-of-dentin-hypersensitivity-among-the-residents-of-xi-an-city-china
#15
Xiao Liang, Zhiyuan Wei, Deyu Hu, Jianping Ruan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and intra-oral distribution of dentine hypersensitivity (DH) and to evaluate the related risk factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 1320 subjects, aged between 20 and 69 years old, were selected from six communities in the urban areas of Xi'an, China. The data were collected by conducting individual interviews using a standard questionnaire; then, the clinical examination was performed for patients who reported about the discomforts they felt in their teeth when subjected to chemical, mechanical and thermal stimuli...
May 13, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494289/observational-evidence-of-a-long-term-increase-in-precipitation-due-to-urbanization-effects-and-its-implications-for-sustainable-urban-living
#16
K M Wai, X M Wang, T H Lin, M S Wong, S K Zeng, N He, E Ng, K Lau, D H Wang
Although projected precipitation increases in East Asia due to future climate change have aroused concern, less attention has been paid by the scientific community and public to the potential long-term increase in precipitation due to rapid urbanization. A ten-year precipitation dataset was analysed for both a rapidly urbanized megacity and nearby suburban/rural stations in southern China. Rapid urbanization in the megacity was evident from satellite observations. A statistically significant, long-term, increasing trend of precipitation existed only at the megacity station (45...
May 8, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493966/improving-drug-delivery-strategies-for-lymphatic-filariasis-elimination-in-urban-areas-in-ghana
#17
Nana-Kwadwo Biritwum, Bertha Garshong, Bright Alomatu, Dziedzom K de Souza, Margaret Gyapong, Dominique Kyelem
The Global Program to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis (GPELF) advocates for the treatment of entire endemic communities, in order to achieve its elimination targets. LF is predominantly a rural disease, and achieving the required treatment coverage in these areas is much easier compared to urban areas that are more complex. In Ghana, parts of the Greater Accra Region with Accra as the capital city are also endemic for LF. Mass Drug Administration (MDA) in Accra started in 2006. However, after four years of treatment, the coverage has always been far below the 65% epidemiologic coverage for interrupting transmission...
May 11, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492761/hospitalization-in-older-adults-association-with-multimorbidity-primary-health-care-and-private-health-plan
#18
Bruno Pereira Nunes, Mariangela Uhlmann Soares, Louriele Soares Wachs, Pâmela Moraes Volz, Mirelle de Oliveira Saes, Suele Manjourany Silva Duro, Elaine Thumé, Luiz Augusto Facchini
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the association of multimorbidity, primary health care model and possession of a private health plan with hospitalization. METHODS: A population-based cross-sectional study with 1,593 elderly individuals (60 years old or older) living in the urban area of the city of Bagé, State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The outcome was hospitalization in the year preceding the interview. The multimorbidity was evaluated through two cut-off points (≥ 2 and ≥ 3)...
May 4, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487212/mapping-the-ecoepidemiology-of-zika-virus-infection-in-urban-and-rural-areas-of-pereira-risaralda-colombia-2015-2016-implications-for-public-health-and-travel-medicine
#19
Alfonso J Rodriguez-Morales, Pablo Ruiz, Javier Tabares, Carlos Augusto Ossa, Maria Camila Yepes-Echeverry, Valeria Ramirez-Jaramillo, Maria Leonor Galindo-Marquez, Carlos Julian García-Loaiza, Juan Alejandro Sabogal-Roman, Esteban Parra-Valencia, Guillermo J Lagos-Grisales, Carlos O Lozada-Riascos, Cornelis A de Pijper, Martin P Grobusch
OBJECTIVE: Geographical information systems (GIS) have been demonstrated earlier to be of great use to inform public health action against vector-borne infectious diseases. METHODS: Using surveillance data on the ongoing ZIKV outbreak from Pereira, Colombia (2015-2016), we estimated incidence rates (cases/100,000 population), and developed maps correlating with the ecoepidemiology of the area. RESULTS: Up to October 8, 2016, 439 cases of ZIKV were reported in Pereira (93 cases/100,000 pop...
May 6, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486325/experiences-of-older-adult-trauma-patients-discharged-home-from-a-level-i-trauma-center
#20
Nathalie Rodrigue, Andréa Maria Laizner, Nancy Tze, Maida Sewitch
The number of patients 65 years and older has been rising steadily every year at our Level I trauma center. Our clinical experience demonstrated that once discharged, some of these patients were not managing well. Postdischarge portrait is difficult to ascertain because this information is not captured in the trauma registry database. The purpose of this study was to describe the experiences of hospitalized trauma patients 65 years and older who are discharged home. A descriptive cross-sectional study of hospitalized trauma patients was conducted 1 month postdischarge using PREPARED Patient and 36-item Short Form Health Survey questionnaires...
May 2017: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
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