keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Urban planning

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149276/urban-renewal-gentrification-and-health-equity-a-realist-perspective
#1
Roshanak Mehdipanah, Giulia Marra, Giulia Melis, Elena Gelormino
Background: Up to now, research has focused on the effects of urban renewal programs and their impacts on health. While some of this research points to potential negative health effects due to gentrification, evidence that addresses the complexity associated with this relation is much needed. This paper seeks to better understand when, why and how health inequities arise from urban renewal interventions resulting in gentrification. Methods: A realist review, a qualitative systematic review method, aimed to better explain the relation between context, mechanism and outcomes, was used...
November 15, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144977/birthplace-in-australia-processes-and-interactions-during-the-intrapartum-transfer-of-women-from-planned-homebirth-to-hospital
#2
Deborah Fox, Athena Sheehan, Caroline Homer
OBJECTIVE: the aim of the study was to explore the views and experiences of women, midwives and obstetricians on the intrapartum transfer of women from planned homebirth to hospital in Australia. DESIGN: a Constructivist Grounded Theory approach was taken, to conceptualise the social interactions and processes grounded in the data. SETTING: urban and regional areas in four states of south-eastern Australia. PARTICIPANTS: semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with 36 women, midwives and obstetricians who had experienced an intrapartum homebirth transfer within three years prior to the interview...
November 2, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144024/epidemiology-of-type-1-diabetes-in-polish-children-a-multicentre-cohort-study
#3
Mieczysław Szalecki, Marta Wysocka-Mincewicz, Anna Ramotowska, Artur Mazur, Lucyna Lisowicz, Iwona Ben-Skowronek, Joanna Sieniawska, Bożena Klonowska, Dorota Charemska, Jolanta Nawrotek, Irena Jałowiec, Artur Bossowski, Milena Jamiołkowska, Beata Pyrżak, Grażyna Miszkurka, Agnieszka Szypowska
BACKGROUND: The incidence of childhood Type-1 diabetes (T1D) varies greatly between populations and the estimates and/or predictions of the rates would aid in adequate planning of health care resources. The study's aim was to assess the incidence of T1D in the paediatric population of eastern and central Poland. METHODS: In this cohort study covering the period from January 2010 to December 2014 data were collected for children and adolescents below 18 years of age with newly diagnosed T1D, living in eastern and central Poland...
November 16, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139303/effects-of-chinese-urban-public-hospitals-reform-on-revenue-and-compensation-after-removing-drug-markups-case-of-nanjing
#4
Wenxi Tang, Jing Xie, Yijuan Lu, Qizhi Liu, Daniel Malone, Aixia Ma
AIMS: The State Council of China requires that all urban public hospitals must eliminate drug markups by September 2017, and that hospital drugs must be sold at the purchase price. Nanjing-the first city to implement the reform-is studied to evaluate the effects of the comprehensive reform on drug prices in public hospitals and to explore differential compensation plans. METHODS: Sixteen hospitals were selected and financial data were collected over the 48-month period before the reform and for 12 months after the reform...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136016/monitoring-the-effects-of-land-cover-change-on-the-supply-of-ecosystem-services-in-an-urban-region-a-study-of-santiago-valpara%C3%A3-so-chile
#5
Claudia Montoya-Tangarife, Francisco de la Barrera, Alejandro Salazar, Luis Inostroza
Mankind's quest for well-being results in continuous pressure to transform landscapes, with said transformation driven by land use changes, urbanization, production activity, and protective measures in addition to climate variability and other environmental drivers. The relationship between anthropogenic landscape changes and the provision of ecosystem services (ES) is a topic of increasing interest in Latin America. In Chile, land cover changes due to increased urbanization and forestry, and expansion of agricultural land, in addition to conservation initiatives as a part of land planning, have been intensive in the last few decades...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134071/the-scaling-structure-of-the-global-road-network
#6
Emanuele Strano, Andrea Giometto, Saray Shai, Enrico Bertuzzo, Peter J Mucha, Andrea Rinaldo
Because of increasing global urbanization and its immediate consequences, including changes in patterns of food demand, circulation and land use, the next century will witness a major increase in the extent of paved roads built worldwide. To model the effects of this increase, it is crucial to understand whether possible self-organized patterns are inherent in the global road network structure. Here, we use the largest updated database comprising all major roads on the Earth, together with global urban and cropland inventories, to suggest that road length distributions within croplands are indistinguishable from urban ones, once rescaled to account for the difference in mean road length...
October 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133701/prevalence-burden-and-risk-factors-of-migraine-a-community-based-study-from-eastern-india
#7
Biman K Ray, Neelanjana Paul, Avijit Hazra, Sujata Das, Malay K Ghosal, Amar K Misra, Tapas K Banerjee, Arijit Chaudhuri, Shyamal K Das
BACKGROUND: Headache is common in communities; however, epidemiological research regarding its prevalence is infrequent in India. AIM: We planned to study the prevalence of migraine, its disease burden, and the associated risk factors. SETTING AND DESIGN: This is an urban community study conducted in Kolkata with a cross-sectional and nested case-control design. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The criteria to study headache among a representative sample (aged 20-50 years) was based on the International Classification of Headache Disorders-II...
November 2017: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133074/epidemiology-of-glenohumeral-dislocation-and-subsequent-instability-in-an-urban-population
#8
David W Shields, James G Jefferies, Andrew J Brooksbank, Neal Millar, Paul J Jenkins
BACKGROUND: Glenohumeral dislocation is the most commonly encountered adult joint instability. The epidemiology in the United Kingdom and worldwide is unclear and often limited to young, active groups that are not representative of general populations. Information regarding epidemiology and outcome from a first dislocation is useful for trauma service planning and patient counseling. We calculated the incidence of shoulder instability after a first dislocation in our urban population and investigated predictors of recurrent instability...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132119/how-tall-buildings-affect-turbulent-air-flows-and-dispersion-of-pollution-within-a-neighbourhood
#9
Elsa Aristodemou, Luz Maria Boganegra, Laetitia Mottet, Dimitrios Pavlidis, Achilleas Constantinou, Christopher Pain, Alan Robins, Helen ApSimon
The city of London, UK, has seen in recent years an increase in the number of high-rise/multi-storey buildings ("skyscrapers") with roof heights reaching 150 m and more, with the Shard being a prime example with a height of ∼310 m. This changing cityscape together with recent plans of local authorities of introducing Combined Heat and Power Plant (CHP) led to a detailed study in which CFD and wind tunnel studies were carried out to assess the effect of such high-rise buildings on the dispersion of air pollution in their vicinity...
November 10, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132007/asta-a-method-for-multi-criteria-evaluation-of-water-supply-technologies-to-assess-the-most-sustainable-alternative-for-copenhagen
#10
B Godskesen, M Hauschild, H-J Albrechtsen, M Rygaard
Utilities in larger cities have to make complex decisions planning future investments in urban water infrastructure. Changes are driven by physical water stress or political targets for environmental water flows e.g. through the implementation of the European water framework directive. To include these environmental, economic and social sustainability dimensions we introduce a novel multi-criteria assessment method for evaluation of water supply technologies. The method is presented and demonstrated for four alternatives for water supply based on groundwater, rain- & stormwater or seawater developed for augmenting Copenhagen's current groundwater based water supply...
November 10, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131701/are-the-level-of-knowledge-and-practices-of-pregnant-women-regarding-folic-acid-supplementation-still-inadequate-a-cross-sectional-study-in-a-middle-eastern-urban-setting
#11
Antoine Aoun, Lara Faddoul, Flora El Jabbour, Nada El Osta, Sani Hlais, Lana El Osta
This observational cross-sectional study aimed to examine the knowledge and practices of pregnant women in North Lebanon regarding periconceptional folic acid (FA) supplementation. A convenience sample of pregnant women attending gynecology clinics in North Lebanon was recruited between May and September 2013. Data were collected from a face-to-face interview performed by a trained local dietician as well as from review of obstetric charts. A total of 465 women were included in the study. Only 37 (7.9%) were aware of the role of FA in preventing birth defects, while 129 (27...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129851/ancient-chinese-capital-models-measurement-system-in-urban-planning
#12
Shuji Funo
Measurement systems are very important in urban design. This article reviews the theories of grid plans, particularly with respect to the spatial formations of ancient capital cities in Asia, and clarifies three Chinese Capital Models. The "Zhōu lǐ" Capital Model (Z) is based on the ancient text "Zhōu lǐ" that makes mention of the ideal city. However, because the description of the physical plan of the city is very brief and includes contradictory elements, conclusions regarding the specifics of the city design are extremely difficult to reach...
2017: Proceedings of the Japan Academy. Series B, Physical and Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129524/urban-flood-mitigation-planning-for-guwahati-a-case-of-bharalu-basin
#13
Tanaya Sarmah, Sutapa Das
Guwahati, the capital city of Assam and the gateway to the seven north-eastern Indian states, is located in the Brahmaputra valley-one of the most flood prone regions of the world. The city receives an average annual rainfall of 1688 mm and is highly vulnerable towards frequent urban floods because of uncontrolled dumping of solid waste and siltation have choked the natural water channels. This coupled with the absence of an integrated drainage network and rapid urbanisation causes floods in many parts of the city, after a quick downpour...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128710/prevalence-and-motives-for-drugged-driving-among-emerging-adults-presenting-to-an-emergency-department
#14
Erin E Bonar, Brooke J Arterberry, Alan K Davis, Rebecca M Cunningham, Frederic C Blow, R Lorraine Collins, Maureen A Walton
OBJECTIVES: Drugged driving [DD] is a public health concern, particularly among emerging adults who have the highest rates of drug use. Understanding involvement with DD could inform prevention efforts for this population. We evaluated the prevalence of, motives for, and correlates of past-year DD among emerging adults from an urban, under-resourced community. METHODS: Emerging adults (N=586) ages 18-25years (54% male, 56% African American, 34% European American) seeking care in an urban emergency department completed past-year surveys of demographics, frequency of DD within 4h of substance use, reasons for DD, and substance use...
November 9, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128296/sexual-and-reproductive-health-care-receipt-among-young-males-aged-15-24
#15
Arik V Marcell, Susannah E Gibbs, Nanlesta A Pilgrim, Kathleen R Page, Renata Arrington-Sanders, Jacky M Jennings, Penny S Loosier, Patricia J Dittus
PURPOSE: This study aimed to describe young men's sexual and reproductive health care (SRHC) receipt by sexual behavior and factors associated with greater SRHC receipt. METHODS: There were 427 male patients aged 15-24 who were recruited from 3 primary care and 2 sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics in 1 urban city. Immediately after the visit, the survey assessed receipt of 18 recommended SRHC services across four domains: screening history (sexual health, STD/HIV test, family planning); laboratories (STDs/HIV); condom products (condoms/lubrication); and counseling (STD/HIV risk reduction, family planning, condoms); in addition, demographic, sexual behavior, and visit characteristics were examined...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126917/a-method-for-the-inclusion-of-physical-activity-related-health-benefits-in-cost-benefit-analysis-of-built-environment-initiatives
#16
Belen Zapata-Diomedi, Lucy Gunn, Billie Giles-Corti, Alan Shiell, J Lennert Veerman
The built environment has a significant influence on population levels of physical activity (PA) and therefore health. However, PA-related health benefits are seldom considered in transport and urban planning (i.e. built environment interventions) cost-benefit analysis. Cost-benefit analysis implies that the benefits of any initiative are valued in monetary terms to make them commensurable with costs. This leads to the need for monetised values of the health benefits of PA. The aim of this study was to explore a method for the incorporation of monetised PA-related health benefits in cost-benefit analysis of built environment interventions...
November 7, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125934/bringing-urban-governance-back-in-neighborhood-conflicts-and-depression
#17
Qiang Fu
Urban governance and its impact on contentious politics have received remarkably little attention in existing studies on mental health. Drawing on a measure of neighborhood conflicts developed in a survey of thirty-nine urban neighborhoods in Guangzhou, China, this article investigates the potential link between urban governance and mental health. Net of sociodemographic, relational, and environmental measures, it finds that among residents' conflicts with different entities of urban governance, only those with local/grassroots governments are significantly associated with more depressive symptoms...
November 7, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124788/need-for-multiscale-planning-for-conservation-of-urban-bats
#18
Travis Gallo, Elizabeth W Lehrer, Mason Fidino, R Julia Kilgour, Patrick J Wolff, Seth Magle
For over a century there have been continual efforts to incorporate nature into urban planning. These efforts - known as urban reconciliation- aim to manage and create habitats that support biodiversity within cities. Given that species select habitat at different spatial scales, understanding the scale at which urban species respond to their environment is critical to the success of urban reconciliation efforts. We assessed species-habitat relationships for common bat species at local (50-m), medium (500-m), and broad (1-km) spatial scales in the Chicago metropolitan area and predicted bat activity across the greater Chicago region...
November 10, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122782/study-protocol-for-the-cities-changing-diabetes-programme-a-global-mixed-methods-approach
#19
A David Napier, John J Nolan, Malene Bagger, Louise Hesseldal, Anna-Maria Volkmann
INTRODUCTION: Urban living has been shown to affect health in various ways. As the world is becoming more urbanised and almost two-thirds of people with diabetes now live in cities, research into the relationship between urban living, health and diabetes is key to improving the lives of many. The majority of people with diabetes have type 2 diabetes, a subset linked to overweight and obesity, decreased physical activity and unhealthy diets. Diabetes has significant consequences for those living with the condition as well as their families, relationships and wider society...
November 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121600/use-of-surrogate-indicators-for-the-evaluation-of-potential-health-risks-due-to-poor-urban-water-quality-a-bayesian-network-approach
#20
Buddhi Wijesiri, Kaveh Deilami, James McGree, Ashantha Goonetilleke
Urban water pollution poses risks of waterborne infectious diseases. Therefore, in order to improve urban liveability, effective pollution mitigation strategies are required underpinned by predictions generated using water quality models. However, the lack of reliability in current modelling practices detrimentally impacts planning and management decision making. This research study adopted a novel approach in the form of Bayesian Networks to model urban water quality to better investigate the factors that influence risks to human health...
November 6, 2017: Environmental Pollution
keyword
keyword
93569
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"