keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Urban planning

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937512/obstetricians-and-gynecologists-of-the-future-a-survey-of-medical-students-applying-to-residency
#1
Meredith J Alston, Amy Meg Autry, Sarah A Wagner, Abigail Winkel, Amanda A Allshouse, Alyssa Stephenson-Famy
OBJECTIVE: To understand the characteristics and career goals of medical students selecting a career in obstetrics and gynecology. METHODS: In 2015-2016, medical students invited for interviews for obstetrics and gynecology residency at the University of Colorado, University of Washington, University of California San Francisco, Loyola University, and New York University received a voluntary 20-item electronic survey regarding factors influencing their choice of medical specialty...
October 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929984/developing-a-hospital-disaster-preparedness-plan-for-mass-casualty-incidents-lessons-learned-from-the-downtown-beirut-bombing
#2
Mazen El Sayed, Ali F Chami, Eveline Hitti
Mass casualty incidents (MCIs) are becoming more frequent worldwide, especially in the Middle East where violence in Syria has spilled over to many neighboring countries. Lebanon lacks a coordinated prehospital response system to deal with MCIs; therefore, hospital preparedness plans are essential to deal with the surge of casualties. This report describes our experience in dealing with an MCI involving a car bomb in an urban area of downtown Beirut, Lebanon. It uses general response principles to propose a simplified response model for hospitals to use during MCIs...
September 20, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929301/urban-heart-detroit-a-tool-to-better-understand-and-address-health-equity-gaps-in-the-city
#3
R Mehdipanah, A J Schulz, B A Israel, C Gamboa, Z Rowe, M Khan, A Allen
The Urban Health Equity Assessment Response Tool (Urban HEART) combines statistical evidence and community knowledge to address urban health inequities. This paper describes the process of adopting and implementing this tool for Detroit, Michigan, the first city in the USA to use it. The six steps of Urban HEART were implemented by the Healthy Environments Partnership, a community-based participatory research partnership made up of community-based organizations, health service providers, and researchers based in academic institutions...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927306/overcoming-challenges-in-school-wide-survey-administration
#4
Catherine N Rasberry, India Rose, Elizabeth Kroupa, Andrew Hebert, Amanda Geller, Elana Morris, Catherine A Lesesne
School-based surveys provide a useful method for gathering data from youth. Existing literature offers many examples of data collection through school-based surveys, and a small subset of literature describes methodological approaches or general recommendations for health promotion professionals seeking to conduct school-based data collection. Much less is available on real-life logistical challenges (e.g., minimizing disruption in the school day) and corresponding solutions. In this article, we fill that literature gap by offering practical considerations for the administration of school-based surveys...
September 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926750/land-cover-and-air-pollution-are-associated-with-asthma-hospitalisations-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Ian Alcock, Mathew White, Mark Cherrie, Benedict Wheeler, Jonathon Taylor, Rachel McInnes, Eveline Otte Im Kampe, Sotiris Vardoulakis, Christophe Sarran, Ireneous Soyiri, Lora Fleming
BACKGROUND: There is increasing policy interest in the potential for vegetation in urban areas to mitigate harmful effects of air pollution on respiratory health. We aimed to quantify relationships between tree and green space density and asthma-related hospitalisations, and explore how these varied with exposure to background air pollution concentrations. METHODS: Population standardised asthma hospitalisation rates (1997-2012) for 26,455 urban residential areas of England were merged with area-level data on vegetation and background air pollutant concentrations...
September 16, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923573/neoadjuvant-buparlisib-plus-trastuzumab-and-paclitaxel-for-women-with-her2-primary-breast-cancer-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-phase-ii-trial-neophoebe
#6
Sibylle Loibl, Lorena de la Pena, Valentina Nekljudova, Dimitrios Zardavas, Stefan Michiels, Carsten Denkert, Mahdi Rezai, Begoña Bermejo, Michael Untch, Soo Chin Lee, Sabine Turri, Patrick Urban, Sherko Kümmel, Guenther Steger, Andrea Gombos, Michael Lux, Martine J Piccart, Gunter Von Minckwitz, José Baselga, Sherene Loi
AIM: The Neoadjuvant PI3K inhibition in HER2 OverExpressing Breast cancEr (NeoPHOEBE) trial evaluated the efficacy and safety of buparlisib, a pan-phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitor, plus trastuzumab and paclitaxel as neoadjuvant treatment for human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 positive (HER2+) breast cancer. METHODS: NeoPHOEBE was a neoadjuvant, phase II, randomised, double-blind study. Women with HER2+ breast cancer were randomised within two independent cohorts by PIK3CA mutation status and, in each cohort stratified by oestrogen receptor (ER) status to receive buparlisib or placebo plus trastuzumab (first 6 weeks) followed by buparlisib or placebo with trastuzumab and paclitaxel...
September 15, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922733/assessing-the-ground-vibrations-produced-by-a-heavy-vehicle-traversing-a-traffic-obstacle
#7
Loïc Ducarne, Daniel Ainalis, Georges Kouroussis
Despite advancements in alternative transport networks, road transport remains the dominant mode in many modern and developing countries. The ground-borne motions produced by the passage of a heavy vehicle over a geometric obstacle (e.g. speed hump, train tracks) pose a fundamental problem in transport annoyance in urban areas. In order to predict the ground vibrations generated by the passage of a heavy vehicle over a geometric obstacle, a two-step numerical model is developed. The first step involves simulating the dynamic loads generated by the heavy vehicle using a multibody approach, which includes the tyre-obstacle-ground interaction...
September 14, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920138/study-on-the-sediment-characteristics-of-the-snow-in-a-typical-residential-community-and-its-integrated-biological-treatment-pattern-in-harbin
#8
Bin-Xia Xue, Tong-Yu Li, Chun-Ying Li, Li Wei, Xiao-He Hou
Winter cities have severe shortages of water resources. The effective classification and recycling of urban water resources that are available here are therefore significant for the sustainable utilization of water in winter cities, and snow is a potential water resource. In this research, the water quality of the snow and the pollutant composition in the vehicle roads of a typical residential community of Harbin are analyzed. It is concluded that there is a large amount of suspended substances, including chemical oxygen demand (COD), salt, ammonia, and oil in this snow...
September 17, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915518/-primary-care-in-germany-equal-access-for-everyone
#9
Jan Bauer, Werner Maier, Ruth Müller, David A Groneberg
Background Access to primary care plays an important role in medical care provision in Germany. Therefore, current health care planning aims at providing equal access for every patient in Germany no matter where they live. Objective This study examined accessibility of primary care and compared the result with current primary care planning data. Materials and Methods Spatial accessibility to primary care was measured by the integrated Floating Catchment Area method ("accessibility index") using a geographical information system at the level of square kilometers cells (hectare grid cells for major urban areas)...
September 15, 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915459/relationships-of-co2-assimilation-rates-with-exposure-and-flux-based-o3-metrics-in-three-urban-tree-species
#10
Yansen Xu, Bo Shang, Xiangyang Yuan, Zhaozhong Feng, Vicent Calatayud
The relationships of CO2 assimilation under saturated-light conditions (Asat) with exposure- (AOTX, Accumulated Ozone exposure over a hourly Threshold of X ppb) and flux-based (PODY, Phytotoxic Ozone Dose over a hourly threshold Y nmol·m(-2)·s(-1)) O3 metrics was studied on three common urban trees, Fraxinus chinensis (FC), Platanus orientalis (PO) and Robinia pseudoacacia (RP). Parameterizations for a stomatal multiplicative model were proposed for the three species. RP was the species showing lower species-specific maximum stomatal conductance (gmax) and experiencing lower cumulative O3 uptake along the experiment, but in contrast it was the most sensitive to O3...
September 12, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913882/reducing-disparities-in-cancer-screening-and-prevention-through-community-based-participatory-research-partnerships-with-local-libraries-a-comprehensive-dynamic-trial
#11
Bruce D Rapkin, Elisa Weiss, David Lounsbury, Tamara Michel, Alexis Gordon, Jennifer Erb-Downward, Eilleen Sabino-Laughlin, Alison Carpenter, Carolyn E Schwartz, Linda Bulone, Margaret Kemeny
Reduction of cancer-related disparities requires strategies that link medically underserved communities to preventive care. In this community-based participatory research project, a public library system brought together stakeholders to plan and undertake programs to address cancer screening and risk behavior. This study was implemented over 48 months in 20 large urban neighborhoods, selected to reach diverse communities disconnected from care. In each neighborhood, Cancer Action Councils were organized to conduct a comprehensive dynamic trial, an iterative process of program planning, implementation and evaluation...
September 15, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912949/a-comprehensive-analysis-on-child-mortality-and-its-determinants-in-bangladesh-using-frailty-models
#12
Jahidur Rahman Khan, Nabil Awan
BACKGROUND: Bangladesh has experienced a significant reduction of child mortality over the past decades which helped achieve the Millennium Development Goal 4 (MDG 4) target. But the mortality among under-5 aged children is still relatively high and it needs a substantial effort to achieve the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) target and decelerate the current rate of under-5 mortality. At this stage, it is hence important to explore the trend and determinants of under-5 mortality in order to reduce the vulnerability of child's survival...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906480/disaster-governance-for-community-resilience-in-coastal-towns-chilean-case-studies
#13
Paula Villagra, Carolina Quintana
This study aimed to further our understanding of a characteristic of Community Resilience known as Disaster Governance. Three attributes of Disaster Governance-redundancy, diversity, and overlap-were studied in four coastal towns in southern Chile that are at risk of tsunamis. Overall, we explored how different spatial structures of human settlements influence Disaster Governance. Using the Projective Mapping Technique, the distribution of emergency institutions (N = 32) and uses given to specific sites (e...
September 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905218/health-risk-assessment-of-an-abandoned-herbicide-factory-site-for-transportation-use-in-dalian-china
#14
Nannan Ji, Shushen Zhang, Yun Zhang, Yu Chen
An abandoned herbicide factory site was used as an example of how planning should be considered for development of the site for transportation use in Dalian, China. Exposure pathways and parameters for three types of transportation use (land for a traffic hub, land for an urban road, and land for a subway) were developed. Twenty-five sampling sites were selected and 38 soil samples were collected in March 2015. Hexachlorobenzene and benzo(a)pyrene which were extracted by Soxhlet extraction and detected by gas chromatography mass spectrometry were the most significant pollutants detected...
September 14, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905095/growing-canopy-on-a-college-campus-understanding-urban-forest-change-through-archival-records-and-aerial-photography
#15
Lara A Roman, Jason P Fristensky, Theodore S Eisenman, Eric J Greenfield, Robert E Lundgren, Chloe E Cerwinka, David A Hewitt, Caitlin C Welsh
Many municipalities are setting ambitious tree canopy cover goals to increase the extent of their urban forests. A historical perspective on urban forest development can help cities strategize how to establish and achieve appropriate tree cover targets. To understand how long-term urban forest change occurs, we examined the history of trees on an urban college campus: the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, PA. Using a mixed methods approach, including qualitative assessments of archival records (1870-2017), complemented by quantitative analysis of tree cover from aerial imagery (1970-2012), our analysis revealed drastic canopy cover increase in the late 20th and early 21st centuries along with the principle mechanisms of that change...
September 13, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904714/-the-overweight-the-obesity-and-the-glycemic-control-among-diabetics-of-the-provincial-reference-center-of-diabetes-crd-kenitra-morocco
#16
Zeghari Lotfi, Youssef Aboussaleh, Rachid Sbaibi, Imane Achouri, Rachid Benguedour
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes is a disorder of assimilation, use and storage of sugars provided in the diet. Its management is based on follow-up of overweight and obese patients and on regular glycemic control. This study aimed to analyze overweight, obesity and glycemic control in 2227 patients with different types of diabetes (type 1, 2 and gestational) presenting to the Provincial referral center of diabetes (RCD) in Kenitra, Morocco. METHODS: We conducted a study over the period January-December 2015...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903814/academic-continuity-planning-in-higher-education
#17
Cheryl Regehr, Sioban Nelson, Angela Hildyard
Crisis planning in institutions of higher learning has focused largely on emergency management, physical safety and technology recovery. While these are clearly important, many aspects of planning for continuity have largely been ignored, including planning for the post-secondary education sector's core business, that is, the delivery of graduate and undergraduate academic programmes. Use of the term 'academic continuity' as a component of institutional planning is relatively new in higher education. Discussions on academic continuity have often centred on the use of technology-enhanced education and online teaching in the event of crisis or disaster affecting campuses...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Business Continuity & Emergency Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898244/neuroplace-categorizing-urban-places-according-to-mental-states
#18
Lulwah Al-Barrak, Eiman Kanjo, Eman M G Younis
Urban spaces have a great impact on how people's emotion and behaviour. There are number of factors that impact our brain responses to a space. This paper presents a novel urban place recommendation approach, that is based on modelling in-situ EEG data. The research investigations leverages on newly affordable Electroencephalogram (EEG) headsets, which has the capability to sense mental states such as meditation and attention levels. These emerging devices have been utilized in understanding how human brains are affected by the surrounding built environments and natural spaces...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893235/inadequate-birth-spacing-is-perceived-as-riskier-than-all-family-planning-methods-except-sterilization-and-abortion-in-a-qualitative-study-among-urban-nigerians
#19
Hilary M Schwandt, Joanna Skinner, Luciana Estelle Hebert, Lisa Cobb, Abdulmumin Saad, Mojisola Odeku
BACKGROUND: Fertility is high in Nigeria and contraceptive use is low. Little is known about how urban Nigerians perceive the risk of contraceptive use in relation to pregnancy and birth. This study examines and compares the risk perception of family planning methods and pregnancy related scenarios among urban Nigerians. METHODS: A total of 26 focus group discussions with 243 participants were conducted in September and October 2010 in Ibadan and Kaduna. The groups were stratified by sex, age, family planning use, and city...
September 11, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893214/a-mixed-methods-study-on-evaluating-the-performance-of-a-multi-strategy-national-health-program-to-reduce-maternal-and-child-health-disparities-in-haryana-india
#20
Madhu Gupta, Hans Bosma, Federica Angeli, Manmeet Kaur, Venkatesan Chakrapani, Monica Rana, Onno C P van Schayck
BACKGROUND: A multi pronged community based strategy, known as National Rural Health Mission (NRHM), was implemented from 2005-06 to 2012-13 in India to curtail maternal and child health (MCH) disparities between poor and rich, rural and urban areas, and boys and girls,. This study aimed to determine the degree to which MCH plans of NRHM implemented, and resulted in improving the MCH outcomes and reducing the inequalities. METHODS: An explanatory sequential mixed methods study was conducted, first to assess the degree of implementation of MCH plans by estimating the budget utilization rates of each MCH plan, and the effectiveness of these plans by comparing demographic health surveys data conducted post (2012-13), during (2007-08) and pre- (2002-04) NRHM implementation period, in the quantitative study...
September 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
keyword
keyword
93569
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"