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Remineralisation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884720/penetration-of-sub-micron-particles-into-dentinal-tubules-using-ultrasonic-cavitation
#1
N Vyas, R L Sammons, Z Pikramenou, W M Palin, H Dehghani, A D Walmsley
OBJECTIVES: Functionalised silica sub-micron particles are being investigated as a method of delivering antimicrobials and remineralisation agents into dentinal tubules. However, their methods of application are not optimised, resulting in shallow penetration and aggregation. The aim of this study is to investigate the impact of cavitation occurring around ultrasonic scalers for enhancing particle penetration into dentinal tubules. METHODS: Dentine slices were prepared from premolar teeth...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843950/a-12-week-assessment-of-the-treatment-of-white-spot-lesions-with-cpp-acp-paste-and-or-fluoride-varnish
#2
Zeynep Aslı Güçlü, Alev Alaçam, Nichola Jayne Coleman
This 12-week clinical study evaluated the impact of 10% CPP-ACP and 5% sodium fluoride varnish regimes on the regression of nonorthodontic white spot lesions (WSLs). The study included 21 children with 101 WSLs who were randomised into four treatment regimes: weekly clinical applications of fluoride varnish for the first month (FV); twice daily self-applications of CPP-ACP paste (CPP-ACP); weekly applications of fluoride varnish for the first month and twice daily self-applications of CPP-ACP paste (CPP-ACP-FV); and no intervention (control)...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764682/frequency-of-intake-and-amount-of-fluoride-in-milk-for-remineralisation-of-artificial-caries-on-enamel-and-dentine-ex-vivo-in-situ-study
#3
Luiza Cassiano, Juliano Pessan, Livia Comar, Flavia Levy, Cristiane Cardoso, Aline Dionisio, Michele Manarelli, Larissa Grizzo, Ana Carolina Magalhães, Marília Buzalaf
OBJECTIVES: This study analysed the effect of frequency of intake and amount of fluoride in milk on the remineralisation of artificial enamel and dentine caries lesions ex vivo/in situ. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pre-demineralised bovine enamel and dentine slabs were randomly allocated into 5 groups and fixed in removable appliances used by subjects for 7days in each phase. Each treatment comprised milk containing 2.5ppm fluoride daily (T1), or every other day (T2), 5...
January 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759403/pit-and-fissure-sealants-or-fluoride-varnishes
#4
L Paglia
Despite the general advances in dental care, dental caries is still a global health problem affecting many children. Occlusal surfaces of first permanent molars are the most susceptible sites in the developing permanent dentition. Dentists should use sealants or fluoride varnish - as well as other means - to limit the onset of tooth decay. Application of sealants is a recommended procedure to prevent or control caries. Sealing occlusal surfaces of newly erupted permanent molars in children and teenagers delays caries onset up to 48 months compared with unsealed teeth...
September 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717756/effect-of-toothbrushing-duration-and-dentifrice-quantity-on-enamel-remineralisation-an-in-situ-randomized-clinical-trial
#5
J E Creeth, S A Kelly, C González-Cabezas, R Karwal, E A Martinez-Mier, R J M Lynch, M L Bosma, D T Zero
OBJECTIVES: The influence of toothbrushing duration and dentifrice quantity on fluoride efficacy against dental caries is poorly understood. This study investigated effects of these two oral hygiene factors on enamel remineralisation (measured as surface microhardness recovery [SMHR]), enamel fluoride uptake (EFU), and net acid resistance (NAR) post-remineralisation in a randomized clinical study using an in situ caries model. METHODS: Subjects (n=63) wore their partial dentures holding partially demineralised human enamel specimens and brushed twice-daily for two weeks, following each of five regimens: brushing for 120 or 45s with 1...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702585/scanning-electron-microscopic-analysis-of-using-agarose-hydrogel-microenvironment-to-create-enamel-prism-like-tissue-on-dentine-surface
#6
Chris Ying Cao, Quan-Li Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate remineralisation of dentine in the hydrogel microenvironment for the management of hypersensitivity. METHODS: Human dentine slices were prepared from extracted sound human molars. They were acid-etched with phosphoric acid and put into the polyethylene tubes. The etched dentine surfaces were covered by a 2-mm-thick layer of CaCl2 agarose hydrogel. Another 2-mm-thick layer of ion-free agarose hydrogel was added on top of the CaCl2 agarose hydrogel...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636759/-optimization-of-dental-caries-prevention
#7
I M Makeeva, M A Polyakova, O E Avdeenko, Yu O Paramonov, S A Kondrat'ev, A A Pilyagina
The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of toothpaste «Apadent Total Care» containing nanocalciumhydroxyapatite and its influence on caries resistance of tooth enamel and teeth sensitivity. The study involved 30 people: 15 patients aged 17-25 years and 15 aged 35-44 years. Study participants used «Apadent Total Care» toothpaste with nanocalciumhydroxyapatite. To evaluate the effectiveness of toothpastes clinical assessment of enamel remineralization rate was carried out, as well as the dynamics of enamel acid resistance and teeth sensitivity (Shiff index)...
2016: Stomatologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27437352/assessment-of-white-spot-lesions-and-in-vivo-evaluation-of-the-effect-of-cpp-acp-on-white-spot-lesions-in-permanent-molars-of-children
#8
Deepti Munjal, Shalini Garg, Abhishek Dhindsa, Gagandeep Kaur Sidhu, Harsimran Singh Sethi
INTRODUCTION: As hindrance of remineralisation process occurs during orthodontic therapy resulting in decalcification of enamel because number of plaque retention sites increases due to banding and bonding of appliances to teeth. AIM: The present analytic study was undertaken to assess the occurrence of white spot lesions in permanent molars of children with and without orthodontic therapy and to evaluate the effect of Casein PhosphoPeptide-Amorphous Calcium Phosphate (CPP-ACP) on white spot lesions in post-orthodontic patients in a given period of time...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27434168/casein-phosphopeptide-amorphous-calcium-phosphate-nanocomplexes-a-structural-model
#9
Keith J Cross, N Laila Huq, Eric C Reynolds
Tryptic digestion of the calcium-sensitive caseins yields casein phosphopeptides (CPP) that contain clusters of phosphorylated seryl residues. The CPP stabilize calcium and phosphate ions through the formation of complexes. The calcium phosphate in these complexes is biologically available for intestinal absorption and remineralization of subsurface lesions in tooth enamel. We have studied the structure of the complexes formed by the CPP with calcium phosphate using a variety of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) techniques...
August 9, 2016: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27427133/analysis-of-dental-erosion-induced-by-different-beverages-and-validity-of-equipment-for-identifying-early-dental-erosion-in-vitro-study
#10
Rafey Ahmad Jameel, Shah Salman Khan, Zubaidah Hj Abdul Rahim, Marina Mohd Bakri, Saima Siddiqui
OBJECTIVE: To understand early dental erosion induced by different beverages and the equipment for its detection. METHODS: The study was conducted at the University Malaya Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, from June to September 2014, and comprised single-rooted, unpolished teeth divided into six groups. Electron micrographs and other baseline readings for further analyses were taken before and after the exposure to different beverages. The teeth were exposed to the beverages using a modified Nordini's artificial mouth model...
July 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27339237/casein-phosphopeptide-amorphous-calcium-phosphate-products-in-caries-prevention
#11
Thikrayat Bani Hani, Anne C O'Connell, Brett Duane
Data sourcesMedline, Embase, PreMedline and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials.Study selectionClinical trials, investigating only clinical caries outcomes on participants of any age comparing the use of Tooth Mousse(®) or Tooth Mousse Plus(®) to a routine oral care regimen for the prevention of dental caries with or without comparison to additional preventive products. Studies that used other formulations of CCP-ACP were excluded. Trials using split-mouth design were also excluded. Only English language papers were considered...
June 2016: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27294918/the-interactions-of-cpp-acp-with-saliva
#12
Noorjahan Laila Huq, Helen Myroforidis, Keith J Cross, David P Stanton, Paul D Veith, Brent R Ward, Eric C Reynolds
The repair of early dental caries lesions has been demonstrated by the application of the remineralisation technology based on casein phosphopeptide-stabilised amorphous calcium phosphate complexes (CPP-ACP). These complexes consist of an amorphous calcium phosphate mineral phase stabilised and encapsulated by the self-assembly of milk-derived phosphopeptides. During topical application of CPP-ACP complexes in the oral cavity, the CPP encounters the enamel pellicle consisting of salivary proteins and peptides...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27292715/preventive-services-in-australia-by-patient-and-visit-characteristics
#13
David S Brennan, Madhan Balasubramanian, A John Spencer
OBJECTIVES: Growth in rates of preventive services has been linked to trends in retention of teeth and the emergence of minimal intervention approaches. In this study, we examined associations between patient-level characteristics and rates of the preventive services dental/prophylaxis and application of remineralisation agents. METHODS: A random sample of dentists in Australia was posted a self-administered questionnaire in 2009-2010. A service log was used to collect data on preventive services and patient characteristics...
June 13, 2016: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27233093/comparative-genomic-proteomic-and-exoproteomic-analyses-of-three-pseudomonas-strains-reveals-novel-insights-into-the-phosphorus-scavenging-capabilities-of-soil-bacteria
#14
Ian D E A Lidbury, Andrew Murphy, David J Scanlan, Gary D Bending, Alexandra M E Jones, Jonathan D Moore, Andrew Goodall, John P Hammond, Elizabeth Wellington
Bacteria that inhabit the rhizosphere of agricultural crops can have a beneficial effect on crop growth. One such mechanism is the microbial-driven solubilisation and remineralisation of complex forms of phosphorus (P). It is known that bacteria secrete various phosphatases in response to low P conditions. However, our understanding of their global proteomic response to P stress is limited. Here, exoproteomic analysis of Pseudomonas putida BIRD-1 (BIRD-1), Pseudomonas fluorescens SBW25 and Pseudomonas stutzeri DSM4166 was performed in unison with whole-cell proteomic analysis of BIRD-1 grown under phosphate (Pi) replete and Pi deplete conditions...
May 27, 2016: Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27188011/enamel-caries-prevention-using-two-applications-of-fluoride-laser-sequence
#15
Amal Noureldin, Ines Quintanilla, Elias Kontogiorgos, Daniel Jones
Studies demonstrated a significant synergism between fluoride and laser in reduction of enamel solubility. However, minimal research has focused on testing the sequence of their application and no other research investigated the preventive effect of repeated applications of a combined treatment. This study investigated the effect of two applications of fluoride-laser sequence on the resistance of sound enamel to cariogenic challenge compared to one-time application. Sixty enamel slabs were cut from 10 human incisors, ground flat, polished and coated with nail varnish except a 2 x 2 mm window...
March 2016: Texas Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27131496/oral-microbial-biofilm-models-and-their-application-to-the-testing-of-anticariogenic-agents
#16
REVIEW
Christina P C Sim, Stuart G Dashper, Eric C Reynolds
OBJECTIVES: This review paper evaluates the use of in vitro biofilm models for the testing of anticariogenic agents. DATA: Caries is a biofilm-mediated oral disease and in vitro biofilm models have been widely utilised to assess how anticariogenic or antimicrobial agents affect the de/remineralisation process of caries. The use of enamel or dentine substrata has enabled the assessment of the relationship between bacterial activity and caries lesion initiation and progression and how this relationship could be affected by the agent under study...
July 2016: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26949234/evaluation-of-shear-bond-strength-penetration-ability-microleakage-and-remineralisation-capacity-of-glass-ionomer-based-fissure-sealants
#17
E Kucukyilmaz, S Savas
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the bond strength, penetration ability, microleakage, and remineralisation capacity of glass ionomer-based fissure sealant materials. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, three glass ionomer-based fissure sealants were evaluated (Fuji Triage, Fuji VII EP, and GCP Glass Seal). A dye-penetration test was performed to evaluate microleakage under a stereomicroscope. The materials were applied to occlusal tooth surfaces, and bucco-lingual sections (1 mm width) were assessed to evaluate the penetration ability...
March 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26939048/protective-effect-of-whole-and-fat-free-fluoridated-milk-applied-before-or-after-acid-challenge-against-dental-erosion
#18
Luiza P S Cassiano, Senda Charone, Juliana G Souza, Ligia C Leizico, Juliano P Pessan, Ana Carolina Magalhães, Marília Afonso Rabelo Buzalaf
This study analysed in vitro the effect of milk against dental erosion, considering three factors: the type of milk (bovine whole/fat-free), the presence of different fluoride concentrations and the time of application (before/after erosive challenge). Bovine enamel (n = 15/group) and root dentine (n = 12/group) specimens were submitted to the following treatments: after the first erosive challenge - 0.9% NaCl solution (negative control), whole milk with 0, 2.5, 5.0 and 10.0 ppm F, fat-free milk with 0, 2.5, 5...
2016: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26925543/sensory-quality-of-drinking-water-produced-by-reverse-osmosis-membrane-filtration-followed-by-remineralisation
#19
Monique H Vingerhoeds, Mariska A Nijenhuis-de Vries, Nienke Ruepert, Harmen van der Laan, Wender L P Bredie, Stefanie Kremer
Membrane filtration of ground, surface, or sea water by reverse osmosis results in permeate, which is almost free from minerals. Minerals may be added afterwards, not only to comply with (legal) standards and to enhance chemical stability, but also to improve the taste of drinking water made from permeate. Both the nature and the concentrations of added minerals affect the taste of the water and in turn its acceptance by consumers. The aim of this study was to examine differences in taste between various remineralised drinking waters...
May 1, 2016: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26831727/caries-remineralisation-and-arresting-effect-in-children-by-professionally-applied-fluoride-treatment-a-systematic-review
#20
Sherry Shiqian Gao, Shinan Zhang, May Lei Mei, Edward Chin-Man Lo, Chun-Hung Chu
BACKGROUND: As a low-cost and easily operated treatment, the use of professionally applied topical fluoride was approved for preventing dental caries and remineralising early enamel caries or white spot lesions. It is also used to arrest dentine caries. The aim of this study is to investigate the clinical efficacy of professional fluoride therapy in remineralising and arresting caries in children. METHOD: A systematic search of publications from 1948 to 2014 was conducted using four databases: PubMed, Cochrane Library, ISI Web of Science and Embase...
2016: BMC Oral Health
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