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Alaa E Dawood, David J Manton, Peter Parashos, Rebecca H Wong, William Singleton, James A Holden, Neil M O'Brien-Simpson, Eric C Reynolds
INTRODUCTION: Casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) and CPP-ACP with fluoride (CPP-ACFP) have been shown to provide bioavailable ions to promote mineralization. Hence, the aim of this study was to evaluate the materials' biocompatibility and osteogenic/calcification potential for endodontic applications. METHODS: Human and mouse osteoblast-like and fibroblast-like cell lines were incubated with 0.05%-3.0% w/v CPP-ACP and CPP-ACFP, and toxicity, proliferation, alkaline phosphatase, interleukin (IL)-1α, and IL-6 production, collagen type I, osteocalcin, and osteopontin production, and mineralization/calcification were determined...
March 2018: Journal of Endodontics
Moniek W Beerens, Jacob M Ten Cate, Mark J Buijs, Monique H van der Veen
Background: Casein-phosphopeptide-amorphous-calcium-fluoride-phosphate (CPP-ACFP) can remineralize subsurface lesions. It is the active ingredient of MI-Paste-Plus® (MPP). The long-term remineralization efficacy is unknown. Objective: To evaluate the long-term effect of MPP versus a placebo paste on remineralization of enamel after fixed orthodontic treatment over a 12-month period. Design: This trial was designed as a prospective, double-blinded, placebo-controlled RCT...
November 17, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
O Yazicioglu, B C Yaman, A Güler, F Koray
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this in vivo study was to quantitatively evaluate the remineralization of the enamel caries on smooth and occlusal surfaces using DIAGNOdent, after daily application of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium fluoride phosphate (CPP-ACFP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty volunteers, aged 18-30 years, with white spot lesions on the smooth and occlusal surfaces of the teeth were included in the study. These white spot lesions were visually examined and the degree of demineralization was quantitatively evaluated using DIAGNOdent...
June 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Meltem Bakkal, Zerrin Abbasoglu, Betul Kargul
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) and casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium fluoride phosphate (CPP-ACFP) application on noncarious MIH (molar-incisor hypomineralisation) lesions using a DIAGNOdent device (KaVo), which measures laser fluorescence within the mineral structure of the tooth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 461 subjects age 7-12 (mean ± SD was 9.9 ± 1.6) years were examined. Fifty- four children were diagnosed with MIH and divided into 2 groups...
2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Aswin Saseendran Nair, R Krishna Kumar, Sunil Thomas Philip, Syed Shaheed Ahameed, Sairaj Punnathara, Joby Peter
INTRODUCTION: The tug of war to maintain tooth integrity is dependent on a ratio between demineralization and remineralization. Hence, demineralization should be retarded and remineralization should be enhanced to maintain a natural equilibrium in the oral cavity. AIM: To compare in-vitro acid resistance of human enamel when using Casein Phosphopeptides Amorphous Calcium Phosphate (CPP-ACP) [GC Tooth mousse] cream, Casein Phosphopeptide Amorphous Calcium Fluoride Phosphate (CPP-ACFP) [GC Tooth mousse plus] cream, Er:YAG laser alone, combination of CPP-ACP with Er:YAG laser, CPP-ACFP with Er:YAG laser...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Poornima Jose, Kavitha Sanjeev, Mahalaxmi Sekar
INTRODUCTION: Mechanical performance of dentine is of major significance for the overall function of the teeth. Remineralization of carious dentine is the ultimate goal in re-establishing the functionality of the affected tissue so as to regain and maintain the mechanical properties of dentine. Functional remineralization of the affected dentin involves stabilization of both inorganic and organic component, but Caesin Phosphopeptide Amorphous Calcium Flurophosphate (CPP-ACFP) stabilizes only inorganic content...
April 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
C Llena, A M Leyda, L Forner
AIM: To evaluate the effects of novel casein phosphopeptide (CPP) formulations CPP-amorphous calcium phosphate (CCP- ACP) and CPP-amorphous calcium fluoride phosphate (CPP-ACFP) versus fluoride varnish on the remineralisation of enamel white spot lesions (WSLs) over a 12-week follow-up period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: HASH(0x510f068) STUDY DESIGN: Double-blind prospective study. Eligibility criteria were patients between 6 and 14 years old and have WSLs on their permanent teeth...
September 2015: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
E H Mobarak, N Ali, L E Daifalla
OBJECTIVE: This study was carried out to evaluate the difference between bonding to demineralized enamel and remineralized enamel using casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate with fluoride (CPP-ACFP) or without fluoride (CPP-ACP) compared to normal enamel. Another aim was to test if the newly introduced Single Bond Universal adhesive system would show better bonding to any enamel condition in comparison to the other tested adhesive systems. METHODS: The lingual enamel surfaces of 40 non carious human third molars were divided into four main groups according to the enamel condition (ground normal enamel [negative control]; demineralized enamel [positive control]; and remineralized enamel with CPP-ACP or with CPP-ACFP, respectively)...
September 2015: Operative Dentistry
Tamara Peric, Dejan Markovic, Bojan Petrovic, Vesna Radojevic, Tatjana Todorovic, Biljana Andjelski Radicevic, Radmila Jancic Heinemann, Gordana Susic, Aleksandra Peric Popadic, Vesna Tomic Spiric
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate efficacy of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) and casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium fluoride phosphate (CPP-ACFP) containing pastes among individuals with Sjögren's syndrome (SS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty patients were randomised into three groups: CPP-ACP, CPP-ACFP, and 0.05 % NaF to be used two times a day during a 28-day experimental period. Saliva was analysed for flow rate, pH, buffering capacity and mineral concentrations...
December 2015: Clinical Oral Investigations
D J Epasinghe, Cky Yiu, M F Burrow
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the synergistic effect of proanthocyanidin (PA) and casein phosphopeptide amorphous calcium fluoride phosphate (CPP-ACFP) on remineralization of artificial root caries. METHODS: Demineralized root fragments (n = 90) were randomly divided into six groups based on treatments: (1) 6.5% PA; (2) CPP-ACP; (3) CPP-ACFP; (4) CPP-ACFP + 6.5% PA; (5) 1000 ppm fluoride; and (6) deionized water (control). Each specimen was immersed in demineralizing solution for 14 h, testing solutions/pastes for 2 h, remineralizing solution for 8 h and pH cycling was performed at 37 °C for 8 days...
December 2015: Australian Dental Journal
Tamara O Peric, Dejan L J Markovic, Vesna J Radojevic, Radmila M Jancic Heinemann, Bojan B Petrovic, Jelena S Lamovec
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the surface characteristics of demineralized enamel after treatment with pastes containing casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) or casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium fluoride phosphate (CPP-ACFP) and to compare their efficacy with that of 0.05% NaF. METHODS: Following formation of the artificial carious lesion, enamel slabs were divided into 4 groups (CPP-ACP, CPP-ACFP, 0.05% NaF and control) and submitted to a chemical caries model...
December 30, 2014: Journal of Applied Biomaterials & Functional Materials
R Mehta, B Nandlal, S Prashanth
BACKGROUND: World-wide, the contribution of dental caries to the burden of oral diseases is about 10 times higher than that of periodontal disease, the other common oral condition. Owing to its globally high prevalence, dental caries is a "pandemic" disease characterized by a high percentage of untreated carious cavities causing pain, discomfort and functional limitations. Untreated carious cavities; furthermore, have a significant impact on the general health of children and on the social and economic well-being of communities...
November 2013: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
F A Crombie, N J Cochrane, D J Manton, J E A Palamara, E C Reynolds
Molar-incisor hypomineralisation (MIH) is a problematic and costly condition. Caries remineralising agents are often recommended for MIH management despite the lack of evidence that these lesions have the capacity for increasing their mineral content. Following surface layer removal ± NaOCl pre-treatment and 14-day exposure to a CPP-ACFP solution at pH 5.5, MIH lesions were analysed using transverse microradiography and polarised light microscopy. Lesions were highly variable but treatment with the remineralising solution increased mineral content (1,828 ± 461 vol% min · µm, %R = 17...
2013: Caries Research
Min Jung Kim, Sang Ho Lee, Nan Young Lee, In Hwa Lee
OBJECTIVE: This in vitro study was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of experimental 2.26% fluoride-polyvinyl alcohol (F-PVA) tape in inhibition of enamel demineralization using enamel surface microhardness (SMH) analysis and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) examination. DESIGN: Enamel specimens (n=60) prepared from bovine incisor teeth with microhardness ranging from 260 to 370Knoop hardness number (KHN) were pooled and randomly assigned to four groups: control group, F-PVA tape group, F-varnish group, and CPP-ACFP group...
February 2013: Archives of Oral Biology
Roslyn J Mayne, Nathan J Cochrane, Fan Cai, Michael G Woods, Eric C Reynolds
INTRODUCTION: White-spot lesions (WSL) might be susceptible to mechanical damage during orthodontic bracket and adhesive removal. The aims of this in-vitro study were to investigate enamel loss on bracket and adhesive removal when the brackets were surrounded by WSL and to determine the effect of remineralizing these lesions with a 1% (w/v) casein phosphopeptide amorphous calcium fluoride phosphate (CPP-ACFP) solution before bracket and adhesive removal. METHODS: Precoated metal mandibular incisor brackets were centrally bonded onto polished third molars and WSL produced by exposure to a demineralization buffer for 4, 12, and 30 days (n = 20 per group)...
June 2011: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
M W Beerens, M H van der Veen, H van Beek, J M ten Cate
The effects of casein phosphopeptide amorphous calcium fluoride phosphate (CPP-ACFP) paste vs. control paste on the remineralization of white spot caries lesions and on plaque composition were tested in a double-blind prospective randomized clinical trial. Fifty-four orthodontic patients, with multiple white spot lesions observed upon the removal of fixed appliances, were followed up for 3 months. Subjects were included and randomly assigned to either CPP-ACFP paste or control paste, for use supplementary to their normal oral hygiene...
December 2010: European Journal of Oral Sciences
N J Cochrane, S Saranathan, F Cai, K J Cross, E C Reynolds
Casein phosphopeptide stabilised amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) and amorphous calcium fluoride phosphate (CPP-ACFP) solutions have been shown to remineralise enamel subsurface lesions. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of ion composition of CPP-ACP and CPP-ACFP solutions on enamel subsurface lesion remineralisation in vitro. CPP-bound and free calcium, phosphate and fluoride ion concentrations in the solutions were determined after ultrafiltration. The ion activities of the free ion species present were calculated using an iterative computational program...
2008: Caries Research
K J Cross, N L Huq, E C Reynolds
The casein phosphopeptides (CPP) are derived from the milk protein casein by tryptic digestion. The CPP, containing the sequence -Pse-Pse-Pse-Glu-Glu- where Pse is a phosphoseryl residue, stabilize calcium and phosphate ions in aqueous solution and make these essential nutrients bioavailable. Under alkaline conditions the calcium phosphate is present as an alkaline amorphous phase complexed by the CPP, referred to as casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP). The CPP-ACP complexes readily incorporate fluoride ions forming casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium fluoride phosphate (CPP-ACFP)...
2007: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Andrew M Brostek, Andrew J Bochenek, Laurence J Walsh
The term "Minimal Invasive (MI) Dentistry" can best be defined as the management of caries with a biological approach, rather than with a traditional (surgical) operative dentistry approach. Where operative dentistry is required, this is now carried out in the most conservative manner with minimal destruction of tooth structure. This new approach to caries management changes the emphasis from diagnosing carious lesions as cavities (and a repeating cycle of restorations), to one of diagnosing the oral ecological imbalance and effecting biological changes in the biofilm...
June 2006: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
K J Cross, N L Huq, D P Stanton, M Sum, E C Reynolds
The repair of early tooth enamel lesions has been recently demonstrated by tryptic phosphopeptides derived from milk caseins that associate with amorphous calcium phosphate (ACP) forming stable complexes. These casein phosphopeptides (CPP), containing the cluster sequence-Ser(P)-Ser(P)-Ser(P)-Glu-Glu-, form calcium phosphate delivery vehicles that retard enamel demineralization and promote remineralization. Recently, we have shown that these peptides also stabilize calcium fluoride phosphate as soluble complexes...
September 2004: Biomaterials
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