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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102928/reduction-in-colposcopy-workload-and-associated-clinical-activity-following-hpv-catch-up-vaccination-programme-in-scotland-an-ecological-study
#1
M E Cruickshank, J Pan, S C Cotton, K Kavanagh, C Robertson, K Cuschieri, H Cubie, T Palmer, K G Pollock
OBJECTIVE: To measure patterns of clinical activity at colposcopy before and after vaccinated women entered the Scottish Cervical Screening Programme (SCSP). DESIGN: Population-based observational study using nationally collected data. SETTING: Scottish colposcopy clinics. SAMPLE: All women with a date of birth on or after 1 January 1985 who attended colposcopy in Scotland between 2008-2014. METHODS: Routinely collected data from the Scottish National Colposcopy Clinical Information Audit System (NCCIAS) was extracted, including: referral criteria, referral cervical cytology, colposcopic findings, clinical procedures and histology results...
January 19, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102896/impact-of-pre-transplant-depression-on-outcomes-of-allogeneic-and-autologous-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#2
Areej El-Jawahri, Yi-Bin Chen, Ruta Brazauskas, Naya He, Stephanie J Lee, Jennifer M Knight, Navneet Majhail, David Buchbinder, Raquel M Schears, Baldeep M Wirk, William A Wood, Ibrahim Ahmed, Mahmoud Aljurf, Jeff Szer, Sara M Beattie, Minoo Battiwalla, Christopher Dandoy, Miguel-Angel Diaz, Anita D'Souza, Cesar O Freytes, James Gajewski, Usama Gergis, Shahrukh K Hashmi, Ann Jakubowski, Rammurti T Kamble, Tamila Kindwall-Keller, Hilard M Lazarus, Adriana K Malone, David I Marks, Kenneth Meehan, Bipin N Savani, Richard F Olsson, David Rizzieri, Amir Steinberg, Dawn Speckhart, David Szwajcer, Helene Schoemans, Sachiko Seo, Celalettin Ustun, Yoshiko Atsuta, Jignesh Dalal, Carmem Sales-Bonfim, Nandita Khera, Theresa Hahn, Wael Saber
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the impact of depression before autologous and allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) on clinical outcomes posttransplantation. METHODS: We analyzed data from the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research to compare outcomes after autologous (n = 3786) or allogeneic (n = 7433) HCT for adult patients with hematologic malignancies with an existing diagnosis of pre-HCT depression requiring treatment versus those without pre-HCT depression...
January 19, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101697/predictors-of-the-usefulness-of-corticosteroids-for-cancer-related-fatigue-in-end-of-life-patients
#3
Yuko Kanbayashi, Toyoshi Hosokawa
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although some studies have examined the use of corticosteroids, their effectiveness in treating cancer-related fatigue (CRF) has yet to be established. Therefore, this retrospective study attempted to identify factors that would predict the usefulness of corticosteroids in treating CRF. METHODS: We examined 87 hospitalized end-of-life cancer patients who were given betamethasone for relief of CRF at our hospital between January 2008 and January 2014...
January 18, 2017: Clinical Drug Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101305/recurrence-of-choledocholithiasis-following-endoscopic-bile-duct-clearance-long-term-results-and-factors-associated-with-recurrent-bile-duct-stones
#4
Christos Konstantakis, Christos Triantos, Vasileios Theopistos, Georgios Theocharis, Ioannis Maroulis, Georgia Diamantopoulou, Konstantinos Thomopoulos
AIM: To evaluate the rate of recurrence of symptomatic choledocholithiasis and identify factors associated with the recurrence of bile duct stones in patients who underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST) for bile duct stone disease. METHODS: All patients who underwent ERCP and EST for bile duct stone disease and had their bile duct cleared from 1/1/2005 until 31/12/2008 was enrolled. All symptomatic recurrences during the study period (until 31/12/2015) were recorded...
January 16, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100546/accuracy-of-line-probe-assays-for-the-diagnosis-of-pulmonary-and-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Ruvandhi R Nathavitharana, Patrick G T Cudahy, Samuel G Schumacher, Karen R Steingart, Madhukar Pai, Claudia M Denkinger
Only 25% of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) cases are currently diagnosed. Line probe assays (LPAs) enable rapid drug-susceptibility testing for rifampicin (RIF) and isoniazid (INH) resistance and Mycobacterium tuberculosis detection. Genotype MTBDRplusV1 was WHO-endorsed in 2008 but newer LPAs have since been developed.This systematic review evaluated three LPAs: Hain Genotype MTBDRplusV1, MTBDRplusV2 and Nipro NTM+MDRTB. Study quality was assessed with QUADAS-2. Bivariate random-effects meta-analyses were performed for direct and indirect testing...
January 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100195/assessment-of-the-length-of-sick-leave-in-patients-with-ischemic-heart-disease
#6
Nausica Català Tella, Catalina Serna Arnaiz, Jordi Real Gatius, Oriol Yuguero Torres, Leonardo Galván Santiago
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of ischemic heart disease is high. Few recent studies have investigated the periods of sick leave of these patients. Our aim is to determine the length of sick leave after an acute coronary syndrome, its costs, associated factors and to assess the use of antidepressants and/or anxiolytics. METHODS: An observational study of a retrospective cohort of patients on sick leave due to ischemic heart disease in a health region between 2008-2011, with follow-up until the first return to work, death, or end of the study (31/12/2012)...
January 18, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099983/-the-relevance-of-abducent-nerve-palsy-in-ent
#7
Veit Maria Hofmann, Stephan M Niehues, Annett Pudszuhn
Patients suffering from abducent nerve palsy are usually primary seen by a conservative medical Specialist. In most cases the ENT specialist is secondary involved for treatment. In the majority of cases abducent nerve palsy is a temporary symptom associated with neurologic or vascular diseases. Rarely inflammation, neoplasm or fracture of the skull base cause this symptom and lead to an intervention done by the ENT surgeon. This case series describes retrospectively the abducent palsy seen through the eyes of an ENT surgeon...
January 18, 2017: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099956/high-body-mass-index-worsens-survival-in-patients-with-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-after-esophagectomy
#8
Xiao-Feng Duan, Peng Tang, Xiao-Bin Shang, Hong-Jing Jiang, Qiang Zhao, Zhen-Tao Yu
AIMS: To investigate the prognostic significance of body mass index (BMI) on the survival of patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) after esophagectomy. METHODS: Between 2005 and 2008, 291 patients with ESCC who met the inclusion criteria were included in the study. The BMI cut-off values were as follows: 18.5-23 kg/m2 for normal weight; 23-27.5 kg/m2 for overweight; and ≥27.5 kg/m2 for those with obesity. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify prognostic factors for long-term survival...
January 19, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099725/maternal-and-newborn-outcomes-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-lusaka-zambia-2008-2012
#9
Bellington Vwalika, Marie C D Stoner, Mulindi Mwanahamuntu, K Cherry Liu, Eugene Kaunda, Getrude G Tshuma, Somwe W Somwe, Yusuf Ahmed, Elizabeth M Stringer, Jeffrey S A Stringer, Benjamin H Chi
OBJECTIVE: To measure key obstetric and neonatal outcomes recorded at a tertiary hospital in Zambia over a 5-year period. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted among women who had delivered at the University Teaching Hospital in Lusaka, between January 1, 2008, and December 31, 2012. Data were extracted from electronic medical records. The main outcomes were maternal mortality, cesarean delivery, prenatal or intrapartum hemorrhage, stillbirth, a 5-minute Apgar score of less than 7, and admission to the neonatal intensive care unit...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099550/factors-associated-with-the-contraindicated-use-of-oral-contraceptives-in-brazil
#10
Daniele Aparecida Silva Corrêa, Mariana Santos Felisbino-Mendes, Mayara Santos Mendes, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Gustavo Velasquez-Melendez
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of the contraindicated use of oral contraceptives and the associated factors in Brazilian women. METHODS: 20,454 women who answered the VIGITEL survey in 2008 also participated in this study, of which 3,985 reported using oral contraceptives. We defined the following conditions for the contraindicated use of contraceptives: hypertension; cardiovascular diseases such as heart attack, stroke/cerebrovascular accident; diabetes mellitus; being smoker and 35 years old or older...
January 12, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099437/overexpression-of-rad51-predicts-poor-prognosis-in-colorectal-cancer-our-experience-with-54-patients
#11
Yan Li, Wei-Ya Wang, Jiang-Hong Xiao, Feng Xu, Dian-Ying Liao, Li Xie, Jin Wang, Feng Luo
BACKGROUND: Aberrant Rad51 expression is implicated in the progression of human malignancies. However, the role of Rad51 in colorectal cancer (CRC) remains undefined. This study aimed to establish a relationship between Rad51 and clinicopathologic features of CRC. METHODS: We retrospectively examined the paraffin-embedded tissue samples obtained from 54 patients with CRC who had received surgical therapies at our institution during 2006-2008. Rad51 expression in adenocarcinoma, paracancerous tissue, and normal colonic tissue was determined by immunohistochemistry...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099349/development-of-diabetes-mellitus-associated-with-quetiapine-a-case-series
#12
Hideki Nanasawa, Akahito Sako, Tomohiko Mitsutsuka, Kaori Nonogaki, Tadayuki Kondo, Shuichi Mishima, Yoriyasu Uju, Toshihiko Ito, Tetsuro Enomoto, Tatsuro Hayakawa, Hidekatsu Yanai
We aimed to describe the characteristics and clinical course of patients who developed diabetes associated with the use of quetiapine.This study included patients who received quetiapine for over a month between April 2008 and November 2013, and were diagnosed as having new-onset diabetes after initiation of quetiapine. We excluded patients who developed diabetes more than 1 year after discontinuation of quetiapine. We identified new-onset diabetes by hemoglobin A1c or prescriptions of antidiabetic drugs.Among 1688 patients who received quetiapine, hemoglobin A1c had been measured in 595 (35...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099296/a-reexamination-of-the-accuracy-of-the-broselow-tape-as-an-instrument-for-weight-estimation
#13
Muhammad Waseem, Justin Chen, Mark Leber, Ashley E Giambrone, Linda M Gerber
BACKGROUND: Accurate weight estimation is important for calculating appropriate medication dosages, determining rates of fluid replacement, and selecting correct equipment sizes in critically ill children requiring resuscitation. The actual measurement of the weight of a critically ill or injured child is often not possible. The Broselow Pediatric Emergency Tape (BT) is an important tool for predicting a child's weight based on his/her height. Although BT has previously been validated, given the increasing prevalence of obesity in today's society, it behooves clinicians relying on this resuscitation aid to revisit the issue...
January 17, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099253/smoking-status-and-the-incidence-of-pancreatic-cancer-concomitant-with-intraductal-papillary-mucinous-neoplasm
#14
Takashi Nakagawa, Atsuhiro Masuda, Hirochika Toyama, Hideyuki Shiomi, Yoh Zen, Keitaro Sofue, Mamoru Takenaka, Takashi Kobayashi, Yosuke Yagi, Kodai Yamanaka, Masaru Yoshida, Yoshifumi Arisaka, Yoshihiro Okabe, Hiromu Kutsumi, Takumi Fukumoto, Yonson Ku, Takeshi Azuma
OBJECTIVES: The effect of smoking status on the incidence of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) concomitant with intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) has not been clarified. This study investigated the association of smoking status with PDAC concomitant with IPMN. METHODS: The subjects were 124 consecutive patients undergoing resection of IPMNs (intraductal papillary mucinous adenoma (IPMA): N = 77, invasive IPMN: N = 31, and PDAC with IPMN: N = 16) between April 2008 and October 2015...
January 18, 2017: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099064/surgical-intervention-for-primary-spontaneous-pneumothorax-in-pediatric-population-when-and-why
#15
Fanny Yeung, Patrick H Y Chung, Esther L Y Hung, Chi Sum Yuen, Paul K H Tam, Kenneth K Y Wong
INTRODUCTION: Spontaneous pneumothorax in pediatric patients is relatively uncommon. The management strategy varies in different centers due to dearth of evidence-based pediatric guidelines. In this study, we reviewed our experience of thoracoscopic management of primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) in children and identified risk factors associated with postoperative air leakage and recurrence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of pediatric patients who had PSP and underwent surgical management in our institution between April 2008 and March 2015...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099053/palliative-care-involvement-is-associated-with-less-intensive-end-of-life-care-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-oncology-patients
#16
Jennifer M Snaman, Erica C Kaye, Jessie J Lu, April Sykes, Justin N Baker
BACKGROUND: Adolescent and young adult oncology (AYAO) patients often receive intensive medical care and experience significant symptoms at the end of life (EOL). OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to describe the characteristics of AYAO patients aged 15-26 years who died as inpatients in a hospital and to compare the illness and EOL experiences of AYAO patients who did and did not receive palliative care (PC). DESIGN AND SETTING: A standardized data extraction tool was used to collect information about demographics, treatment, terminal characteristics, and symptoms during the last month of life (LMOL) for 69 AYAO patients who died while hospitalized between 2008 and 2014...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098836/association-of-school-environment-and-after-school-physical-activity-with-health-related-physical-fitness-among-junior-high-school-students-in-taiwan
#17
Kai-Yang Lo, Min-Chen Wu, Shu-Chin Tung, City C Hsieh, Hsueh-Hua Yao, Chien-Chang Ho
The relationship between students' school environment and exercise habits is complex, and is affected by numerous factors. However, the few studies that have been conducted on this relationship have reported inconsistent results, especially regarding Taiwanese students. We conducted this cross-sectional study to investigate the association of school environment and after-school physical activity with health-related physical fitness in Taiwanese adolescents. Data were drawn from a national survey conducted by the Ministry of Education in Taiwan in 2008 of health-related physical fitness measurements among junior high school students (649,442 total) in grades seven to nine...
January 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098707/descriptive-epidemiology-of-acetabular-dysplasia-the-academic-network-of-conservational-hip-outcomes-research-anchor-periacetabular-osteotomy
#18
Wudbhav N Sankar, Stephen T Duncan, Geneva R Baca, Paul E Beaulé, Michael B Millis, Young-Jo Kim, Christopher L Peters, David A Podeszwa, Perry L Schoenecker, Rafael J Sierra, Ernest L Sink, Daniel J Sucato, Robert T Trousdale, Ira Zaltz, John C Clohisy
BACKGROUND: Periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) is an established treatment for symptomatic acetabular dysplasia, which is a well-recognized cause of hip pain, functional limitations, and secondary osteoarthritis. The purpose of this study was to describe the demographics of patients undergoing PAO, the baseline patient-reported outcome measures for this population, and the types of adjunctive procedures performed at the time of PAO surgery. METHODS: Demographics, disease characteristics, and patient-reported functional measures were prospectively collected from all patients who underwent PAO performed by 12 surgeons from 2008 to 2013...
February 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098157/antibody-responses-to-trivalent-inactivated-influenza-vaccine-in-health-care-personnel-previously-vaccinated-and-vaccinated-for-the-first-time
#19
Kuan-Ying A Huang, Shih-Cheng Chang, Yhu-Chering Huang, Cheng-Hsun Chiu, Tzou-Yien Lin
Inactivated influenza vaccination induces a hemagglutinin-specific antibody response to the strain used for immunization. Annual vaccination is strongly recommended for health care personnel. However, it is debatable if repeated vaccination would affect the antibody response to inactivated influenza vaccine through the time. We enrolled health care personnel who had repeated and first trivalent inactivated influenza vaccination in 2005-2008. Serological antibody responses were measured by hemagglutination-inhibition (HI) test...
January 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097680/development-of-a-novel-algorithm-for-detecting-glucocorticoid-induced-diabetes-mellitus-using-a-medical-information-database
#20
T Imatoh, K Sai, K Hori, K Segawa, J Kawakami, M Kimura, Y Saito
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Glucocorticoid-induced diabetes mellitus (GIDM) increases the risk of diabetes mellitus (DM)-related complications but is generally difficult to detect in clinical settings. The criteria for diagnosing GIDM have not been established. Recently, medical information databases (MIDs) have been used in post-marketing surveillance (PMS) studies. We conducted a pharmacoepidemiological study to develop an algorithm for detecting GIDM using MID. METHODS: We selected 1214 inpatients who were newly prescribed with a typical glucocorticoid, prednisolone, during hospitalization from 2008 to 2014 from an MID of Hamamatsu University Hospital in Japan...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
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