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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933194/contribution-of-the-long-term-care-insurance-certificate-for-predicting-1-year-all-cause-readmission-compared-with-validated-risk-scores-in-elderly-patients-with-heart-failure
#1
Kayo Takahashi, Makoto Saito, Shinji Inaba, Toru Morofuji, Hiroe Aisu, Takumi Sumimoto, Akiyoshi Ogimoto, Shuntaro Ikeda, Jitsuo Higaki
OBJECTIVES: Readmission is a common and serious problem associated with heart failure (HF). Unfortunately, conventional risk models have limited predictive value for predicting readmission. The recipients of long-term care insurance (LTCI) are frail and have mental and physical impairments. We hypothesised that adjustment of the conventional risk score with an LTCI certificate enables a more accurate appreciation of readmission for HF. METHODS: We investigated 452 patients with HF who were followed up for 1 year to determine all-cause readmission...
2016: Open Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933187/validation-of-the-german-diabetes-risk-score-among-the-general-adult-population-findings-from-the-german-health-interview-and-examination-surveys
#2
Rebecca Paprott, Kristin Mühlenbruch, Gert B M Mensink, Silke Thiele, Matthias B Schulze, Christa Scheidt-Nave, Christin Heidemann
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the German Diabetes Risk Score (GDRS) among the general adult German population for prediction of incident type 2 diabetes and detection of prevalent undiagnosed diabetes. METHODS: The longitudinal sample for prediction of incident diagnosed type 2 diabetes included 3625 persons who participated both in the examination survey in 1997-1999 and the examination survey in 2008-2011. Incident diagnosed type 2 diabetes was defined as first-time physician diagnosis or antidiabetic medication during 5 years of follow-up excluding potential incident type 1 and gestational diabetes...
2016: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932771/-analysis-of-the-status-and-influential-factors-for-prenatal-care-and-postpartum-visit-among-pregnant-women-based-on-the-first-health-service-survey-in-hunan-province
#3
Wei Zhang, Xunjie Cheng, Lin Zhang, Peishan Ning, Li Li, Xin Deng, Jing Deng, Guoqing Hu
To evaluate the status and influential factors for prenatal care and postpartum visit among pregnant women in Hunan Province from 2008 to 2013 based on the data from the First Health Service Survey in Hunan Province.
 Methods: Based on the data of prenatal care and postpartum visit among pregnant women from the First Health Service Survey of Hunan Province in 2013, proportion of pregnant women, who didn't meet the criteria for prenatal care and postpartum visit, were calculated (≥5 times for prenatal care and ≥2 times for postpartum visit, according to the National Basic Public Health Service program, 2009 Edition)...
November 28, 2016: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931301/corticosteroid-related-toxicity-in-patients-with-chronic-idiopathic-urticariachronic-spontaneous-urticaria
#4
Dennis Ledford, Michael S Broder, Evgeniya Antonova, Theodore A Omachi, Eunice Chang, Allan Luskin
BACKGROUND: Treatments for patients with chronic idiopathic urticaria (CIU)chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) who were unresponsive to antihistamines include oral corticosteroids (OCS). Risks of OCS-related side effects in these patients have not been described quantitatively. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between OCS use and the risk of developing side effects possibly attributable to OCS and associated health care costs in privately insured patients with CIU/CSU...
November 2016: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931197/reaching-the-elderly-understanding-of-health-and-preventive-experiences-for-a-tailored-approach-results-of-a-qualitative-study
#5
Christiane Patzelt, Susanne Heim, Bernhilde Deitermann, Gudrun Theile, Christian Krauth, Eva Hummers-Pradier, Ulla Walter
BACKGROUND: Often preventive measures are not accessed by the people who were intended to be reached. Programs for older adults may target men and women, older adults, advanced old age groups and/or chronically ill patients with specific indications. The defined target groups rarely participate in the conception of programs or in the design of information materials, although this would increase accessibility and participation. In the German "Reaching the Elderly" study (2008-2011), an approach to motivating older adults to participate in a preventive home visit (PHV) program was modified with the participatory involvement of the target groups...
December 8, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931130/exposures-to-traditional-automatic-dishwashing-tablets-and-a-comparison-with-exposures-to-soluble-film-tablets-reported-to-the-united-kingdom-national-poisons-information-service-2008-2015
#6
Rachael Day, Michael Eddleston, Simon H L Thomas, John P Thompson, J Allister Vale
INTRODUCTION: Traditional automatic dishwashing tablets are contained within an external wrapper that requires removal prior to use. OBJECTIVE: To determine the toxicity of traditional tablets and to compare this with our previously reported experience of soluble film dishwashing tablets. METHODS: Telephone enquiries regarding traditional tablets were analysed retrospectively for the period January 2008 to December 2015. RESULTS: Traditional tablets: There were 503 enquiries relating to 492 patients who had been exposed to a traditional tablet...
December 8, 2016: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930941/evaluation-of-a-new-low-dose-levonorgestrel-intrauterine-contraceptive-system-over-5-years-of-use
#7
Kristina Gemzell-Danielsson, Dan Apter, Sylvia Dermout, Thomas Faustmann, Kimberly Rosen, Thomas Schmelter, Martin Merz, Anita Nelson
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of a new, low-dose levonorgestrel intrauterine contraceptive system (LNG-IUS 12) for up to 5 years of use. STUDY DESIGN: In this Phase III study, 2885 nulliparous and parous women aged 18-35 years were randomized to LNG-IUS 8 or LNG-IUS 12 for 3 years. After 3 years, women using LNG-IUS 12 could continue for up to 2 additional years (5 years total). The primary outcome was occurrence of pregnancy (Pearl Index). Secondary outcomes included safety, bleeding, dysmenorrhea, discontinuations, and user satisfaction...
November 20, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930590/low-mortality-but-increasing-incidence-of-staphylococcus-aureus-endocarditis-in-people-who-inject-drugs-experience-from-a-swedish-referral-hospital
#8
Hilmir Asgeirsson, Anders Thalme, Ola Weiland
Staphylococcus aureus is a leading cause of infective endocarditis in people who inject drugs (PWID). The management of S aureus endocarditis (SAE) in PWID can be problematic. The objective of this retrospective observational study was to assess the epidemiology, clinical characteristics, and mortality of S aureus endocarditis (SAE) in PWID in Stockholm, Sweden.The Department of Infectious Diseases at the Karolinska University Hospital serves as a regional referral center for drug users with severe infections...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930534/does-the-interval-of-screening-endoscopy-affect-survival-in-gastric-cancer-patients-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Jieun Kim, Su Mi Kim, Man Ho Ha, Jeong Eun Seo, Min-Gew Choi, Jun Ho Lee, Tae Sung Sohn, Sung Kim, Sin-Ho Jung, Jae Moon Bae
Gastric cancer remains the second most common cancer in Korea; however, its mortality has decreased due to earlier diagnosis. In Korea, screening endoscopy has been performed nationwide since 1999. The aim of this study was to elucidate the benefit of screening endoscopy on actual survival in gastric cancer patients and to determine the optimal interval of screening endoscopy.We analyzed 1651 patients diagnosed with gastric adenocarcinoma who underwent surgical treatment between June 2008 and December 2014...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929612/effects-of-cumulative-herpesviridae-and-toxoplasma-gondii-infections-on-cognitive-function-in-healthy-bipolar-and-schizophrenia-subjects
#10
Nora Hamdani, Claire Daban-Huard, Ophelia Godin, Hakim Laouamri, Stéphane Jamain, Dodji Attiba, Marine Delavest, Jean-Pierre Lépine, Philippe Le Corvoisier, Josselin Houenou, Jean-Romain Richard, Robert H Yolken, Rajagopal Krishnamoorthy, Ryad Tamouza, Marion Leboyer, Faith B Dickerson
OBJECTIVE: Schizophrenia and bipolar disorder are associated with cognitive impairment leading to social disruption. While previous studies have focused on the effect of individual infectious exposure, namely, Herpesviridae viruses or Toxoplasma gondii (T gondii), on cognitive functioning, the objective of the present study was to examine the effect of multiple infections on cognitive functioning in patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder and in healthy controls. METHODS: Seropositivity to herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1), herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2), cytomegalovirus (CMV), and T gondii was related to cognitive status among 423 participants (recruited between 2008 and 2014; 138 patients with bipolar disorder, 105 patients with schizophrenia [DSM-IV criteria], and 180 healthy controls) for episodic verbal memory (California Verbal Learning Test), working memory (Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, third edition), and premorbid intelligence quotient (National Adult Reading Test)...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928983/the-demographics-and-education-of-emergency-medical-services-ems-professionals-a-national-longitudinal-investigation
#11
Melissa A Bentley, Abigail Shoben, Roger Levine
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to assess longitudinal and cross-sectional changes in Emergency Medical Technician (EMT)-Basics and Paramedics: (1) demographics, (2) employment characteristics, and (3) initial Emergency Medical Services (EMS) education. METHODS: These data were collected between 1999 and 2008 employing survey techniques aimed at collecting valid data. A random, stratified sample was utilized to allow results to be generalizable to the nationally certified EMS population...
December 8, 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928790/-preliminary-understanding-of-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-with-the-highest-risk
#12
Chaoyong Shen, Bo Zhang
Nowadays, surgery still remains the mainstay treatment for gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). Nevertheless, some GIST patients have also experienced tumor recurrence/metastasis even with R0 resection. Meanwhile, the prognosis of GIST has been dramatically improved after targeted drug imatinib used in clinical practice for GIST, but tumor recurrence/metastasis still occurred in some patients with high-risk when adjuvant treatment course ended, as such, the 2008 modified NIH criterion, which is used to guide the adjuvant treatment of GIST, still has shortcomings...
November 25, 2016: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928457/therapeutic-results-in-elderly-patients-with-prostate-cancer-chronological-comparison-in-a-single-community-hospital
#13
Takehiko Okamura, Hidetoshi Akita, Kenji Yamada, Daichi Kobayashi, Yasuhiko Hirose, Takahiro Kobayashi, Yutaro Tanaka, Taku Naiki, Takahiro Yasui
Objective: There are few reports of the long-term outcomes of elderly patients with prostate cancer. We analyzed data from our institution from the past 12 years, including the patient history, treatment methods, and prognosis of patients with prostate cancer aged 80 years or more. Patients and Methods: A total of 179 cases of prostate cancer in patients aged 80 years or more were retrospectively evaluated. We divided them chronologically into groups A, B, C, and D: Group A included 40 cases from 2002-2004; Group B, 48 cases from 2005-2007; Group C, 46 cases from 2008-2010; and Group D, 45 cases from 2011-2013...
2016: Journal of Rural Medicine: JRM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928445/surgical-treatment-using-the-unit-rod-in-children-with-neuromuscular-scoliosis
#14
Nedelcu T, Georgescu I, Leroux J, Lechevallier J, Barbilian A, Tuhar I
The article represents a retrospective clinical and radiological study. Objective. To assess the safety and the stability in time of the Unit Rod instrumentation in the treatment of severe neuromuscular scoliosis in children and adolescents. Summary. The treatment of patients with neuromuscular scoliosis always represents a challenge. The patients are debilitated and usual interventions are very long with great loss of blood. Serious complications can compromise the result of the surgery. The technique we used (the Unit Rod) is worldwide recognized, is simple, and gives excellent stability with a low rate of complications...
October 2016: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928249/%C3%A2-recurrence-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-and-its-risk-factors
#15
Roya Najafi-Vosough, Ali Ghaleiha, Javad Faradmal, Hossein Mahjub
Objective: The aim of this study was to identify prognosis factors associated with recurrence in patients ‎with bipolar disorder.‎‎ Method: This retrospective cohort study was conducted in Hamadan Province, the west of Iran. All ‎patients (n = 400) with bipolar disorder who were hospitalized for the second time or more ‎during April 2008 to September 2014 were included in this study. Ordinal logistic regression ‎analysis was employed to determine the effective factors in each recurrence, and odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were obtained...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928136/evaluation-of-the-comprehensive-health-program-sumida-take10-for-community-dwelling-older-adults-which-aims-to-prevent-or-delay-the-need-for-long-term-nursing-care
#16
Mika Kimura, Ai Moriyasu, Shu Kumagai, Taketo Furuna
Objective The purpose of this study was to evaluate the comprehensive health program "Sumida TAKE10!", which aims to improve dietary habits and promote physical activity among community-dwelling older adults including the pre-frail elderly. This study has been ongoing since 2005 in Sumida Ward, Tokyo with the ultimate aim of preventing or delaying the need for long-term nursing care. We used the term "pre-frail elderly" for older adults who are at risk of requiring long-term care.Methods "Sumida TAKE10!" consists of a general lecture in a public hall followed by 5 educational sessions biweekly at 4-6 community centers...
2016: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928065/efficacy-and-safety-of-endovascular-treatment-for-femoropopliteal-lesions-of-tasc-ii-type-c-and-d-compared-with-tasc-ii-type-a-and-b-in-korea
#17
Hyung Joon Joo, Duck Hyun Jang, Cheol Woong Yu, Young Jin Choi, Jinsik Park, Hyun Jong Lee, Jae Hyoung Park, Soon Jun Hong, Do Sun Lim
OBJECTIVE: To compare the long-term safety and clinical efficacy of endovascular treatment for TASC-II type C/D femoropopliteal lesion compared with TASC-II type A/B femoropopliteal lesion in Korea. METHODS: A total of 179 limbs [TASC-II A/B femoropopliteal lesion (group I, n = 105 limbs) and TASC-II C/D (group II, n = 74 limbs)] were retrospectively analyzed from patients who underwent angioplasty with or without primary stent implantation between February 2008 and November 2012 at two medical centers in South Korea...
December 6, 2016: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927664/quantifying-the-hospitalised-morbidity-and-mortality-attributable-to-traumatic-injury-using-a-population-based-matched-cohort-in-australia
#18
Rebecca J Mitchell, Cate M Cameron, Rod McClure
OBJECTIVES: To quantify the 12-month hospitalised morbidity and mortality attributable to traumatic injury using a population-based matched cohort in Australia. SETTING: New South Wales, Queensland and South Australia, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals ≥18 years who had an injury-related hospital admission in 2009 formed the injured cohort. The non-injured comparison cohort was randomly selected from the electoral roll and was matched 1:1 on age, gender and postcode of residence at the date of the index injury admission of their matched counterpart...
December 7, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927504/does-the-type-of-metal-instrumentation-affect-the-risk-of-surgical-site-infection-in-pediatric-scoliosis-surgery
#19
Margaret L Wright, David L Skaggs, Hiroko Matsumoto, Regina P Woon, Ashley Trocle, John M Flynn, Michael G Vitale
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVES: To determine the association of implant metal composition with the risk of surgical site infection (SSI) following pediatric spine surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: SSI is a well-described complication following pediatric spine surgery. Many risk factors have been identified in the literature, but controversy remains regarding metal composition as a risk factor. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of patients who underwent posterior spinal instrumentation procedures between January 1, 2006, and December 31, 2008, at three large children's hospitals for any etiology of scoliosis and had at least 1 year of postoperative follow-up...
May 2016: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927241/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-dental-health-services-in-sao-paulo-brazil-2003-2008
#20
Camila Nascimento Monteiro, Mariëlle A Beenackers, Moisés Goldbaum, Marilisa Berti de Azevedo Barros, Reinaldo José Gianini, Chester Luiz Galvão Cesar, Johan P Mackenbach
BACKGROUND: Access to, and use of, dental health services in Brazil have improved since 2003. The increase of private health care plans and the implementation of the "Smiling Brazil" Program, the largest public oral health care program in the world, could have influenced this increase in access. However, we do not yet know if inequalities in the use of dental health services persist after the improvement in access. The aims of this study are to analyze socioeconomic differences for dental health service use between 2003 and 2008 in São Paulo and to examine changes in these associations since the implementation of the Smiling Brazil program in 2003...
December 7, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
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