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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023194/factors-that-drive-youth-specialization
#1
Ajay S Padaki, Charles A Popkin, Justin L Hodgins, David Kovacevic, Thomas Sean Lynch, Christopher S Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Specialization in young athletes has been linked to overuse injuries, burnout, and decreased satisfaction. Despite continued opposition from the medical community, epidemiological studies suggest the frequency is increasing. HYPOTHESIS: Extrinsic pressures in addition to individual aspirations drive this national trend in sports specialization. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 3...
October 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975135/quantifying-parental-influence-on-youth-athlete-specialization-a-survey-of-athletes-parents
#2
Ajay S Padaki, Christopher S Ahmad, Justin L Hodgins, David Kovacevic, Thomas Sean Lynch, Charles A Popkin
BACKGROUND: Youth athlete specialization has been linked to decreased enjoyment, burnout, and increased injury risk, although the impact of specialization on athletic success is unknown. The extent to which parents exert extrinsic influence on this phenomenon remains unclear. PURPOSE/HYPOTHESIS: The goal of this study was to assess parental influences placed on young athletes to specialize. It was hypothesized that parents generate both direct and indirect pressures on specialized athletes...
September 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968223/in-sport-and-now-in-medical-school-examining-students-well-being-and-motivations-for-learning
#3
Oksana Babenko, Amber Mosewich
Objectives: To investigate relationships between students' past level of involvement in physical activity/sport and their motivations for learning (achievement goals) and well-being in medical school. In doing so, we provide evidence to medical programs to inform admission processes and curriculum planning. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted. Out of 640 medical students, 267 completed an online questionnaire with measures of: achievement goals, academic burnout, physical activity/sport involvement, and demographics...
September 22, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891748/teammate-prosocial-and-antisocial-behaviors-predict-task-cohesion-and-burnout-the-mediating-role-of-affect
#4
Ali Al-Yaaribi, Maria Kavussanu
The manner in which teammates behave toward each other when playing sport could have important achievement-related consequences. However, this issue has received very little research attention. In this study, we investigated whether (a) prosocial and antisocial teammate behaviors predict task cohesion and burnout, and (b) positive and negative affect mediates these relationships. In total, 272 (Mage = 21.86, SD = 4.36) team-sport players completed a multisection questionnaire assessing the aforementioned variables...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711898/professional-burnout-syndrome-in-doctors-of-surgical-specialties-in-ukraine-causes-consequences-labor-optimization-ways
#5
Dmytro A Skurupii, Dmytro A Kholod, Evgen G Sonnik
INTRODUCTION: The professional burnout syndrome (PBS) affects quality of medical care provision for people, which is acquires the special actuality in terms of reforming the health care system. AIM: To study ways to improve the efficiency of doctors of surgical specialties based on analyzes of PBS and its consequences. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey of psychological tests and 62 surgical doctors was carried out. RESULTS: It was found out that the PBS reaches a peak after 11 to 15 years of working experience...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367778/relationship-between-leadership-among-peers-and-burnout-in-sports-teams
#6
Julio Torrado, Constantino Arce, Ángel Vales-Vázquez, Alberto Areces, Gabriel Iglesias, Iván Valle, Gabriel Patiño
This study has been conducted with the aim of ascertaining the relationship between peer leaders in sport teams and the levels of burnout experienced by their team-mates. A total of 219 Spanish athletes involved in football and basketball participated in the study. To measure leadership among peers, we employed the Sports Peer Leadership Scale, which comprises 24 items, grouped into 6 primary factors: empathy, influence on decision making, sports values, social support, training orientation and competition orientation...
April 3, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271542/a-multistudy-examination-of-organizational-stressors-emotional-labor-burnout-and-turnover-in-sport-organizations
#7
R J Larner, C R D Wagstaff, R C Thelwell, J Corbett
While a growing body of research has examined the types of organizational stressors encountered by individuals and their allied responses, little is known about how such individuals manage their emotional responses to these stressors or the consequences of such behaviors. This article presents novel findings from two studies examining the moderating role that emotional labor plays in the relationship between the frequency of organizational stressor experience, burnout, turnover intentions, and actual turnover in sport...
March 8, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265245/passion-and-pacing-in-endurance-performance
#8
Lieke Schiphof-Godart, Florentina J Hettinga
Endurance sports are booming, with sports passionates of varying skills and expertise battering city streets and back roads on their weekly or daily exercise rounds. The investments required for performing in endurance exercise are nevertheless considerable, and passion for their sport might explain the efforts endurance athletes are willing to make. Passion may be defined as a strong motivational force and as such might be related to the neurophysiological basis underlying the drive to exercise. A complex relationship between the brain and other systems is responsible for athletes' exercise behavior and thus performance in sports...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075504/anxiety-and-burnout-in-young-athletes-the-mediating-role-of-cognitive-appraisal
#9
A Rui Gomes, Susana Faria, Carla Vilela
This study tested the relationship between trait anxiety, cognitive appraisal, and athletes' burnout proposing two hypotheses: (a) there is a direct relationship between athletes' trait anxiety and cognitive appraisal and burnout; and (b) cognitive appraisal mediates the relationship between trait anxiety and burnout and this mediation occurs despite the competitive level and sport records of athletes. The study included 673 young athletes and provided measures of trait anxiety, cognitive appraisal, and burnout...
January 11, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994983/psychometric-properties-of-the-perceived-stress-scale-pss-measurement-invariance-between-athletes-and-non-athletes-and-construct-validity
#10
Yi-Hsiang Chiu, Frank Jing-Horng Lu, Ju-Han Lin, Chiao-Lin Nien, Ya-Wen Hsu, Hong-Yu Liu
BACKGROUND: Although Perceived Stress Scale (PSS, Cohen, Kamarack & Mermelstein, 1983) has been validated and widely used in many domains, there is still no validation in sports by comparing athletes and non-athletes and examining related psychometric indices. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the measurement invariance of PSS between athletes and non-athletes, and examine construct validity and reliability in the sports contexts. METHODS: Study 1 sampled 359 college student-athletes (males = 233; females = 126) and 242 non-athletes (males = 124; females = 118) and examined factorial structure, measurement invariance and internal consistency...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933031/exhaustion-experiences-in-junior-athletes-the-importance-of-motivation-and-self-control-competencies
#11
Gro Jordalen, Pierre-Nicolas Lemyre, Natalie Durand-Bush
Quality of motivation, self-control competencies, as well as past performance experience influence sport participation outcomes in developing athletes. Studies have shown that junior athletes high in self-determined motivation are less prone to experience burnout, while self-control competencies help developing athletes to be conscious and deliberate in their self-regulatory efforts toward elite sport performances and avoid negative sport participation outcomes. Combining the self-determination theory framework and psychosocial theories of self-regulation, the aim of this cross-sectional study was to examine how various types of motivation and self-control competencies together are associated with the development of burnout symptoms in junior athletes...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882607/fear-of-failure-psychological-stress-and-burnout-among-adolescent-athletes-competing-in-high-level-sport
#12
H Gustafsson, S S Sagar, A Stenling
The purpose of this study was to investigate fear of failure in highly competitive junior athletes and the association with psychological stress and burnout. In total 258 athletes (152 males and 108 females) ranged in age from 15 to 19 years (M = 17.4 years, SD = 1.08) participated. Athletes competed in variety of sports including both team and individual sports. Results showed in a variable-oriented approach using regression analyses that one dimension, fear of experiencing shame and embarrassment had a statistically significant effect on perceived psychological stress and one dimension of burnout, reduced sense of accomplishment...
November 23, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621677/the-elite-young-athlete-strategies-to-ensure-physical-and-emotional-health
#13
REVIEW
Todd M Sabato, Tanis J Walch, Dennis J Caine
This article presents a current review of the risk of physical and psychological injury associated with participation in elite youth sport, and suggests strategies to ensure the physical and emotional health of these young athletes. Although there is lack of epidemiological data, especially with regard to psychological injury, preliminary data suggest that the risk of injury is high in this population. While there is lack of incident and follow-up data, there is also concern regarding burnout, disordered eating, and the long-term consequences of injury...
2016: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573090/sports-specialization-and-intensive-training-in-young-athletes
#14
Joel S Brenner
Sports specialization is becoming the norm in youth sports for a variety of reasons. When sports specialization occurs too early, detrimental effects may occur, both physically and psychologically. If the timing is correct and sports specialization is performed under the correct conditions, the athlete may be successful in reaching specific goals. Young athletes who train intensively, whether specialized or not, can also be at risk of adverse effects on the mind and body. The purpose of this clinical report is to assist pediatricians in counseling their young athlete patients and their parents regarding sports specialization and intensive training...
September 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27383053/motivation-mediates-the-perfectionism-burnout-relationship-a-three-wave-longitudinal-study-with-junior-athletes
#15
Daniel J Madigan, Joachim Stoeber, Louis Passfield
Perfectionism in sports has been shown to predict longitudinal changes in athlete burnout. What mediates these changes over time, however, is still unclear. Adopting a self-determination theory perspective and using a three-wave longitudinal design, the current study examined perfectionistic strivings, perfectionistic concerns, autonomous motivation, controlled motivation, and athlete burnout in 141 junior athletes (mean age = 17.3 years) over 6 months of active training. When multilevel structural equation modeling was employed to test a mediational model, a differential pattern of between- and within-person relationships emerged...
August 2016: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27169132/aossm-early-sport-specialization-consensus-statement
#16
Robert F LaPrade, Julie Agel, Joseph Baker, Joel S Brenner, Frank A Cordasco, Jean Côté, Lars Engebretsen, Brian T Feeley, Daniel Gould, Brian Hainline, Timothy Hewett, Neeru Jayanthi, Mininder S Kocher, Gregory D Myer, Carl W Nissen, Marc J Philippon, Matthew T Provencher
BACKGROUND: Early sport specialization is not a requirement for success at the highest levels of competition and is believed to be unhealthy physically and mentally for young athletes. It also discourages unstructured free play, which has many benefits. PURPOSE: To review the available evidence on early sports specialization and identify areas where scientific data are lacking. STUDY DESIGN: Think tank, roundtable discussion. RESULTS: The primary outcome of this think tank was that there is no evidence that young children will benefit from early sport specialization in the majority of sports...
April 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27031317/approach-to-the-underperforming-athlete
#17
Mary L Solomon, Amanda K Weiss Kelly
Children and adolescents who participate in intense sports training may face physical and psychologic stresses. The pediatric health care provider can play an important role in monitoring an athlete's preparation by obtaining a proper sports history, assessing sleep hygiene, discussing nutrition and hydration guidelines, and evaluating physiologic causes of fatigue. Educating parents and athletes on the potential risks of high-intensity training, inadequate rest and sleep, and a poor diet may improve the athlete's performance and prevent symptoms of overtraining syndrome...
March 2016: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26896951/the-mental-health-of-elite-athletes-a-narrative-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Simon M Rice, Rosemary Purcell, Stefanie De Silva, Daveena Mawren, Patrick D McGorry, Alexandra G Parker
BACKGROUND: The physical impacts of elite sport participation have been well documented; however, there is comparatively less research on the mental health and psychological wellbeing of elite athletes. OBJECTIVE: This review appraises the evidence base regarding the mental health and wellbeing of elite-level athletes, including the incidence and/or nature of mental ill-health and substance use. METHODS: A systematic search of the PubMed, EMBASE, SPORTDiscus, PsycINFO, Cochrane and Google Scholar databases, up to and including May 2015, was conducted...
September 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26765513/work-based-social-interactions-perceived-stress-and-workload-incongruence-as-antecedents-of-athletic-trainer-burnout
#19
J D DeFreese, Jason P Mihalik
CONTEXT: Burnout is an important psychological health concern for working professionals. Understanding how psychological stress and markers of workload contribute to athletic trainers' (ATs') perceptions of burnout is highly valuable. Both positive (social support) and negative social interactions should be considered when examining relationships among markers of ATs' health and wellbeing. OBJECTIVE: To examine the potential effects of social interactions on the relationships between (1) burnout and perceived stress and (2) burnout and workload incongruence in ATs...
January 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26530329/changes-in-mental-health-in-compliers-and-non-compliers-with-physical-activity-recommendations-in-patients-with-stress-related-exhaustion
#20
Agneta Lindegård, Ingibjörg H Jonsdottir, Mats Börjesson, Magnus Lindwall, Markus Gerber
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of research regarding the long-lasting effects of a more physically active lifestyle in patients with mental disorders. In the present study, clinical data were analysed to examine if initially physically inactive patients, clinically diagnosed with stress-related exhaustion, taking part in 12-month multimodal treatment (MMT), differ at the 18-month follow-up regarding mental health, depending on whether they did or did not comply with the physical activity (PA) recommendations resembling those of the American College of Sports Medicine...
2015: BMC Psychiatry
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