keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Posterior fornix

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371125/comparison-of-bleb-morphology-between-trabeculectomy-and-deep-sclerectomy-using-a-clinical-grading-scale-and-anterior-segment-optical-coherence-tomography
#1
Lawrence J Oh, Eugene Wong, Julie Lam, Colin I Clement
IMPORTANCE: This study highlights the role of the filtration bleb for IOP management following Trabeculectomy (TRAB) and deep sclerectomy (DS) in Glaucoma. BACKGROUND: This study serves to analyse the bleb morphology and IOP using the Indiana bleb appearance grading scale (IBAGS) and the anterior-segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) postoperatively and at 3 months. DESIGN: Retrospective study by a single surgeon. PARTICIPANTS: 28 patients with open-angle glaucoma were recruited into the study, 14 in each of the TRAB (fornix) and DS groups...
March 30, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360853/white-matter-integrity-declined-over-6-months-but-dance-intervention-improved-integrity-of-the-fornix-of-older-adults
#2
Agnieszka Z Burzynska, Yuqin Jiao, Anya M Knecht, Jason Fanning, Elizabeth A Awick, Tammy Chen, Neha Gothe, Michelle W Voss, Edward McAuley, Arthur F Kramer
Degeneration of cerebral white matter (WM), or structural disconnection, is one of the major neural mechanisms driving age-related decline in cognitive functions, such as processing speed. Past cross-sectional studies have demonstrated beneficial effects of greater cardiorespiratory fitness, physical activity, cognitive training, social engagement, and nutrition on cognitive functioning and brain health in aging. Here, we collected diffusion magnetic resonance (MRI) imaging data from 174 older (age 60-79) adults to study the effects of 6-months lifestyle interventions on WM integrity...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303377/the-differences-of-the-precommissural-and-postcommissural-fornix-in-the-hippocampal-location-a-diffusion-tensor-tractography-study
#3
Sung Ho Jang, Sang Seok Yeo
PURPOSE: The precommissural fornix and postcommissural fornix have different connections to the basal forebrain and septal region, and mammillary body, respectively. However, little is known about the differences of the precommissural fornix and postcommissural fornix in the hippocampal location. In this study, using diffusion tensor tractography, we investigated the differences of the precommissural fornix and postcommissural fornix in the hippocampal location. METHODS: We recruited 25 healthy volunteers for this study...
March 16, 2017: Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300744/a-modified-simple-technique-of-removing-the-lens-cortex-during-cataract-surgery
#4
Kyung Eun Han, Se Hoon Han, Dongkwon Lim, Min Chul Shin
We describe here a surgical technique of removing the remaining cortex after phacoemulsification without performing the conventional irrigation/aspiration (I/A) procedure. In this technique, the remaining cortex attached to the posterior capsule was separated and dissected into several pieces by continuous irrigation with balanced salt solution, which was supplied through a syringe attached to a bent, blunt-tip needle. Approximately, 10 s of manual irrigation separated most of the remaining cortex from the posterior capsule...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280293/cervicovaginal-bacteriology-and-antibiotic-sensitivity-patterns-among-women-with-premature-rupture-of-membranes-in-mulago-hospital-kampala-uganda-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Milton W Musaba, Mike N Kagawa, Charles Kiggundu, Paul Kiondo, Julius Wandabwa
Background. A 2013 Cochrane review concluded that the choice of antibiotics for prophylaxis in PROM is not clear. In Uganda, a combination of oral erythromycin and amoxicillin is the 1st line for prophylaxis against ascending infection. Our aim was to establish the current cervicovaginal bacteriology and antibiotic sensitivity patterns. Methods. Liquor was collected aseptically from the endocervical canal and pool in the posterior fornix of the vagina using a pipette. Aerobic cultures were performed on blood, chocolate, and MacConkey agar and incubated at 35-37°C for 24-48 hrs...
2017: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245679/-comparison-of-current-methods-of-tubal-patency-assessment
#6
Judit Lőrincz, Attila Jakab, Péter Török
Most common organic cause of infertility is the blockage of the Fallopian tubes. Several methods were introduced to evaluate tubal patency. Hysterosalpingography is a conventional radiology procedure using contrast medium, which gives an accurate image of the uterine cavity and the Fallopian tubes, but radiation exposure is necessary. Hystero-contrast-sonography similarly examines the uterine cavity and tubal patency by ultrasonography, and it enables to detect pelvic pathology, too. Transvaginal hydrolaparoscopy is a minimal invasive direct method using endoscope introduced into the abdominal cavity through the posterior vaginal fornix, both ovaries and tubal patency can be observed...
March 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231497/dienogest-and-deep-infiltrating-endometriosis-the-remission-of-symptoms-is-not-related-to-endometriosis-nodule-remission
#7
Joao Paulo Leonardo-Pinto, Cristina Laguna Benetti-Pinto, Kleber Cursino, Daniela Angerame Yela
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of dienogest in controlling pain caused by deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE), its influence on the quality of live (QoL) of women affected by the disease, and the effect of the drug on the volume of endometriotic lesions. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort study including 30 women with a sonographic diagnosis of DIE (intestinal and posterior fornix) treated with dienogest 2mg per day for 12 months. We evaluated the pain symptoms and the volume of the intestinal and posterior fornix lesions before and after 12 months of use of dienogest...
February 15, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192868/value-of-vaginal-cervical-position-in-estimating-uterine-anatomy
#8
Ulaş Fidan, Uğur Keskin, Mustafa Ulubay, Mustafa Öztürk, Serkan Bodur
The anatomy of the uterus is defined with the angles of the vagina, cervix and uterine corpus. Hereunder there are angles of version and flexion. The cervical position observed during the vaginal speculum examination, may give information about the uterine anatomy. In this study, we investigated the place of the cervical position in the estimation of the uterine anatomy observed during the cervical examination. We enrolled 240 patients in our study, who applied to our routine gynecology outpatient clinic with various complaints...
April 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127522/topographic-separation-of-fornical-fibers-associated-with-the-anterior-and-posterior-hippocampus-in-the-human-brain-an-mri-diffusion-study
#9
Kat Christiansen, Claudia Metzler-Baddeley, Greg D Parker, Nils Muhlert, Derek K Jones, John P Aggleton, Seralynne D Vann
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Evidence from rat and nonhuman primate studies indicates that axons comprising the fornix have a characteristic topographical organization: projections from the temporal/anterior hippocampus mainly occupy the lateral fornix, whereas the more medial fornix contains fibers from the septal/posterior hippocampus. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the same topographical organization exists in the human brain. METHODS: Using high angular resolution diffusion MRI-based tractography at 3T, subdivisions of the fornix were reconstructed in 40 healthy adults by selecting fiber pathways from either the anterior or the posterior hippocampus...
January 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124964/-investigation-of-the-prevalence-of-trichomonas-vaginalis-among-female-syrian-refugees-with-the-complaints-of-vaginitis-aged-between-15-49-years
#10
Nebiye Yentür Doni, Mustafa Aksoy, Zeynep Şimşek, Gülcan Gürses, Neşe Gül Hilali, Fadile Yıldız Zeyrek, Behire Özek, Gökhan Yıldırımkaya
Since the Syrian civil war began in 2011, most of the Syrian refugees have immigrated to Turkey due to its open gate policy and the width of the border. By the end of 2015, it was estimated that there were 2.5 million Syrian refugees in Turkey. Many of the Syrian refugees live in Sanliurfa due to its location on the border with Syria. Trichomonas vaginalis, apart from viral agents is the most common parasite among sexually transmitted infection agents. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of T...
October 2016: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076877/ultrasound-imaging-for-ovarian-and-deep-infiltrating-endometriosis
#11
Caterina Exacoustos, Errico Zupi, Emilio Piccione
The main challenges of imaging for endometriosis are the detection of nonovarian disease and the evaluation of the extension of the disease into pelvic structures. Transvaginal ultrasonography (TVS) has been proposed as the first-line imaging technique because it allows extensive exploration of the pelvis. The "typical" endometrioma is a unilocular cyst with homogeneous low-level echogenicity (ground glass echogenicity) of the cyst fluid. The use of color Doppler helps avoid classifying malignancies as endometriomas, defining the presence of vascular flow in papillations...
January 2017: Seminars in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066707/longitudinal-changes-in-microstructural-white-matter-metrics-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#12
Chantel D Mayo, Erin L Mazerolle, Lesley Ritchie, John D Fisk, Jodie R Gawryluk
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder. Current avenues of AD research focus on pre-symptomatic biomarkers that will assist with early diagnosis of AD. The majority of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) based biomarker research to date has focused on neuronal loss in grey matter and there is a paucity of research on white matter. METHODS: Longitudinal DTI data from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative 2 database were used to examine 1) the within-group microstructural white matter changes in individuals with AD and healthy controls at baseline and year one; and 2) the between-group microstructural differences in individuals with AD and healthy controls at both time points...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048182/su-g-iep1-14-the-relationship-between-voxel-based-morphometry-and-fiber-tract-abnormalities-by-correlation-analysis-in-patients-with-neurodegerative-disease
#13
R Juh, T Suh, J Han, C Kim, C Oh
PURPOSE: We evaluated the relationship between white matter (WM) tract disintegration and gray matter (GM) atrophy in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and controls, using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and an optimized voxel-based analysis. METHODS: Two hundred thirty one individuals (61 controls, 116 MCI and 54 AD) were included. Voxel-based WM tract statistics was used to obtain whole-brain maps of WM bundles for FA. Voxel-based morphometry (VBM) was conducted to detect regions of gray matter (GM) atrophy in the AD, MCI group relative to the control group...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935359/microsurgical-and-endoscopic-approaches-to-the-pulvinar
#14
Osamu Akiyama, Ken Matsushima, Abuzer Gungor, Satoshi Matsuo, Dylan J Goodrich, R Shane Tubbs, Paul Klimo, Aaron A Cohen-Gadol, Hajime Arai, Albert L Rhoton
OBJECTIVE Approaches to the pulvinar remain challenging because of the depth of the target, surrounding critical neural structures, and complicated arterial and venous relationships. The purpose of this study was to compare the surgical approaches to different parts of the pulvinar and to examine the efficacy of the endoscope as an adjunct to the operating microscope in this area. METHODS The pulvinar was examined in 6 formalin-fixed human cadaveric heads through 5 approaches: 4 above and 1 below the tentorium...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869481/papillary-vs-nonpapillary-puncture-in-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-a-prospective-randomized-trial
#15
Panagiotis Kallidonis, Iason Kyriazis, Dimitrios Kotsiris, Adamantia Koutava, Wissam Kamal, Evangelos Liatsikos
INTRODUCTION: Literature suggests that the percutaneous punctures for percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) must be performed at the papilla of the renal calix and a puncture at the infundibulum or the direction of the pelvis is not advisable because of increased hemorrhagic risk. A prospective randomized study was conducted to investigate the safety in terms of blood loss of the infundibular approach for PCNL. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with renal stones with an accumulative size of at least 2 cm were randomly assigned to one of two parallel groups to undergo PCNL with either papillary (Group 1) or infundibular (Group 2) renal access...
April 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813460/comparative-anatomical-analysis-of-the-transcallosal-transchoroidal-and-transcallosal-transforniceal-transchoroidal-approaches-to-the-third-ventricle
#16
João Luiz Vitorino Araujo, José C E Veiga, Hung Tzu Wen, Almir F de Andrade, Manoel J Teixeira, José P Otoch, Albert L Rhoton, Mark C Preul, Robert F Spetzler, Eberval G Figueiredo
OBJECTIVE Access to the third ventricle is a veritable challenge to neurosurgeons. In this context, anatomical and morphometric studies are useful for establishing the limitations and advantages of a particular surgical approach. The transchoroidal approach is versatile and provides adequate exposure of the middle and posterior regions of the third ventricle. However, the fornix column limits the exposure of the anterior region of the third ventricle. There is evidence that the unilateral section of the fornix column has little effect on cognitive function...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783100/micro-structural-white-matter-abnormalities-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-a-dti-study-using-tbss-analysis
#17
Xin Tan, Peng Fang, Jie An, Huan Lin, Yi Liang, Wen Shen, Xi Leng, Chi Zhang, Yanting Zheng, Shijun Qiu
INTRODUCTION: Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have usually been found cognitive impairment associated with brain white matter (WM) abnormalities. However, findings have varied across studies, and any potential relationship with Alzheimer's disease (AD) remains unclear. The aim of this study was to assess the whole-brain WM integrity of T2DM patients and to compare our findings with those of published AD cases. METHODS: In this study, we used diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) combined with tract-based spatial statistics (TBSS) to investigate whole-brain WM abnormalities in 48 T2DM patients and 48 healthy controls...
December 2016: Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762472/treatment-of-total-pelvic-organ-prolapse-using-a-whole-biological-patch-a-pilot-study-of-17-patients
#18
Xianghua Liang, Lili Zhang, Yanwei Lv
AIM: A complete and non-splice porcine small-intestine submucosa (SIS) patch was used for total pelvic anatomical repair of organ prolapse. METHODS: This study included a total of 17 patients with severe total pelvic organ prolapse, including five patients with combined stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Panhysterectomy was performed, and then a porcine SIS patch was placed on the anterior (posterior) vaginal wall. The top of the vaginal wall was moved to the corresponding side of the vaginal wall, and the patch was sutured to bilateral uterosacral ligaments, the sacrospinous ligament, and arcus tendineus fasciae pelvis...
January 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751944/hippocampal-to-basal-forebrain-transport-of-mn-2-is-impaired-by-deletion-of-klc1-a-subunit-of-the-conventional-kinesin-microtubule-based-motor
#19
Christopher S Medina, Octavian Biris, Tomas L Falzone, Xiaowei Zhang, Amber J Zimmerman, Elaine L Bearer
Microtubule-based motors carry cargo back and forth between the synaptic region and the cell body. Defects in axonal transport result in peripheral neuropathies, some of which are caused by mutations in KIF5A, a gene encoding one of the heavy chain isoforms of conventional kinesin-1. Some mutations in KIF5A also cause severe central nervous system defects in humans. While transport dynamics in the peripheral nervous system have been well characterized experimentally, transport in the central nervous system is less experimentally accessible and until now not well described...
January 15, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736678/white-matter-disruptions-in-male-cocaine-polysubstance-users-associations-with-severity-of-drug-use-and-duration-of-abstinence
#20
Dana van Son, Reinout W Wiers, Andrés Catena, Miguel Perez-Garcia, Antonio Verdejo-García
BACKGROUND: Cocaine dependence has been associated with alterations in the brain's white matter integrity, yet relevant questions remain about what alterations are linked to cocaine use and/or polysubstance use, and whether they are amenable to abstinence. METHODS: This study applied a single measurement session of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to examine white matter structure in male cocaine polysubstance users (n=37) versus male healthy controls (n=38), along with correlations between DTI measures and patterns of polysubstance use and duration of abstinence...
October 6, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
keyword
keyword
93545
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"