keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Turf

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726711/the-use-of-constructed-wetlands-for-the-treatment-and-reuse-of-urban-wastewater-for-the-irrigation-of-two-warm-season-turfgrass-species-under-mediterranean-climatic-conditions
#1
Mario Licata, Teresa Tuttolomondo, Claudio Leto, Salvatore La Bella, Giuseppe Virga
Constructed wetlands (CWs) represent low-cost technology for the treatment and reuse of wastewater in urban areas. This study aimed to evaluate the pollutant removal efficiency of a CW system and to assess the effects of irrigation using treated urban wastewater on soil and on two warm-season turf species. The research was carried out in Sicily (Italy) on a pilot-scale horizontal subsurface flow system which was fed with treated urban wastewater following secondary treatment from an activated-sludge wastewater treatment plant...
July 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717627/the-influence-of-playing-surface-on-injury-risk-in-italian-elite-rugby-players
#2
Riccardo Maria Lanzetti, Domenico Lupariello, Teresa Venditto, Pierpaolo Rota, Matteo Guzzini, Antonio Vadalà, Attilio Rota, Andrea Ferretti
BACKGROUND: There is a growing interest in the use of artificial turf surfaces in rugby. In particular, artificial surfaces may be an useful means of increasing participation in the sport by allowing greater usage of a given pitch, especially in regions where natural turf pitches are difficult to maintain. METHODS: The incidence of site, nature, cause, and severity of training and match injuries was prospectively recorded in two professional teams (one equipped with World Rugby certified third generation artificial turf and the other with natural grass over the 2014-2015 season)...
January 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713455/a-pilot-study-of-the-effect-of-outsole-hardness-on-lower-limb-kinematics-and-kinetics-during-soccer-related-movements
#3
Dong Sun, Qichang Mei, Julien S Baker, Xuewen Jia, Yaodong Gu
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of different outsole hardness of turf cleats shoes on the lower limb kinematics and kinetics of soccer players playing on artificial turf. The participants were required to complete tasks of straight running and 45° left sidestep cutting movements, respectively, at the speed of 4.5 ± 0.2 m/s on artificial turf. They were asked to randomly select turf cleats shoes with a soft outsole (SO), medium hardness outsole (MO) and hard outsole (HO). During the stance phase of straight running, peak pressure and force-time integral in medial forefoot (MFF) of players wearing cleats shoes with MO were significantly higher than those wearing cleats shoes with SO...
June 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684897/influence-of-cleats-surface-interaction-on-the-performance-and-risk-of-injury-in-soccer-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Diogo C F Silva, Rubim Santos, João Paulo Vilas-Boas, Rui Macedo, António Mesquita Montes, Andreia S P Sousa
OBJECTIVE: To review the influence of cleats-surface interaction on the performance and risk of injury in soccer athletes. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: Scopus, Web of science, PubMed, and B-on. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Full experimental and original papers, written in English that studied the influence of soccer cleats on sports performance and injury risk in artificial or natural grass. RESULTS: Twenty-three articles were included in this review: nine related to performance and fourteen to injury risk...
2017: Applied Bionics and Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680431/transcriptional-profiling-and-identification-of-heat-responsive-genes-in-perennial-ryegrass-by-rna-sequencing
#5
Kehua Wang, Yanrong Liu, Jinli Tian, Kunyong Huang, Tianran Shi, Xiaoxia Dai, Wanjun Zhang
Perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) is one of the most widely used forage and turf grasses in the world due to its desirable agronomic qualities. However, as a cool-season perennial grass species, high temperature is a major factor limiting its performance in warmer and transition regions. In this study, a de novo transcriptome was generated using a cDNA library constructed from perennial ryegrass leaves subjected to short-term heat stress treatment. Then the expression profiling and identification of perennial ryegrass heat response genes by digital gene expression analyses was performed...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666013/exploitation-rates-of-two-benthic-resources-across-management-regimes-in-central-chile-evidence-of-illegal-fishing-in-artisanal-fisheries-operating-in-open-access-areas
#6
Miguel Andreu-Cazenave, Maria Dulce Subida, Miriam Fernandez
There is an urgent need to quantify the impacts of artisanal fisheries and define management practices that allow for the recovery and conservation of exploited stocks. The extent of illegal catch is particularly critical as a driver of overexploitation in artisanal fisheries. However, the lack of data at proper spatial scales limits the evaluation of illegal fishing and effectiveness of management practices. We used a catch curve analysis to estimate total instantaneous mortality as a proxy of fishing pressure in the artisanal benthic fishery in central Chile...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659932/seaweed-extracts-enhance-salam-turfgrass-performance-during-prolonged-irrigation-intervals-and-saline-shock
#7
Hosam O Elansary, Kowiyou Yessoufou, Amal M E Abdel-Hamid, Mohamed A El-Esawi, Hayssam M Ali, Mohamed S Elshikh
The negative effects of the ongoing climate change include unusual prolonged droughts and increased salinity pressures on the agricultural lands. Consequently, crops are facing unprecedented environmental pressure, and this calls for more research toward controlling such major stresses. The current study investigates the effects of seaweed extract sprays of Ascophyllum nodosum (5 and 7 mL·L(-1); 6 day intervals) on Paspalum vaginatum Salam' during prolonged irrigation intervals (2 and 6 day) and saline growing conditions (1 and 49...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658077/pitch-size-and-game-surface-in-different-small-sided-games-global-indicators-activity-profile-and-acceleration-of-female-soccer-players
#8
Jorge López-Fernández, Leonor Gallardo, Álvaro Fernández-Luna, Victor Villacañas, Jorge García-Unanue, Javier Sánchez-Sánchez
The aim of this research was to evaluate the influence of game surface and pitch size on the movement profile in female soccer players during Small-Sided-Games (SSGs) of 4 v 4. 16 women played three different 4-a-side (400 m, 600 m and 800 m) on three surfaces (ground [GR], artificial turf [AT] and natural grass [NG]). Time-motion variables were assessed through GPS devices (Spi Pro X, GPSports, Australia). GR had the worst outputs on most variables. NG achieved higher results than AT in terms of total distance [SSG 400 (+37...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635628/identification-and-validation-of-reference-genes-for-seashore-paspalum-response-to-abiotic-stresses
#9
Yu Liu, Jun Liu, Lei Xu, Hui Lai, Yu Chen, Zhimin Yang, Bingru Huang
Seashore paspalum (Paspalum vaginatum) is among the most salt- and cadmium-tolerant warm-season perennial grass species widely used as turf or forage. The objective of this study was to select stable reference genes for quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) analysis of seashore paspalum in response to four abiotic stresses. The stability of 12 potential reference genes was evaluated by four programs (geNorm, NormFinder, BestKeeper, and RefFinder). U2AF combined with glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) showed stable expression in Cd-treated leaves and cold-treated roots...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632050/effects-of-turf-and-cleat-footwear-on-plantar-load-distributions-in-adolescent-american-football-players-during-resisted-pushing
#10
Jeffrey B Taylor, Anh-Dung Nguyen, Janet R Griffin, Kevin R Ford
Metatarsal and midfoot injuries are common in American football. Footwear design may influence injury rates by altering plantar foot loading patterns in these regions. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of cleat design on in-shoe plantar foot loading during a football-specific, resisted pushing task. Twenty competitive football players (age 14.7 ± 1.8 years, height 1.72 ± 0.10 m, and mass 71.8 ± 26.9 kg) completed three trials of pushing a weighted sled at maximal effort in a standard shoe (CLEAT) and artificial turf-specific shoe (TURF), with flexible in-shoe force measuring insoles...
February 28, 2017: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632048/effects-of-structural-components-of-artificial-turf-on-the-transmission-of-impacts-in-football-players
#11
Alberto Encarnación-Martínez, Antonio García-Gallart, Ana M Gallardo, Juan A Sánchez-Sáez, Javier Sánchez-Sánchez
The third generation of artificial turf systems (ATS) has matched the mechanical behaviour of natural grass, but today a high heterogeneity at structural level and mechanical behaviour in the new ATS also exists. The objective was to analyse the effect of the structural components of ATS football pitches and running speed on the capacity of impact attenuation. A total of 12 athletes were evaluated at three speed conditions (3.33 m/s, 4 m/s and maximum speed) on four different ATS, classifying them by their components (length of fibre, type of in-fill and sub-base)...
February 24, 2017: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617627/effect-of-position-time-in-the-season-and-playing-surface-on-achilles-tendon-ruptures-in-nfl-games-a-2009-10-to-2016-17-review
#12
Michael K Krill, James R Borchers, Joshua T Hoffman, Matthew L Krill, Timothy E Hewett
OBJECTIVES: Achilles tendon (AT) ruptures are a potentially career-altering and ending injury. Achilles tendon ruptures have a below average return-to-play rate compared to other common orthopaedic procedures for National Football League (NFL) players. The objective of this study was to monitor the incidence and injury rates (IR) of AT ruptures that occurred during the regular season in order to evaluate the influence of player position, time of injury, and playing surface on rupture rates...
June 22, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615903/turf-wars-in-stroke-medicine-why-should-patients-suffer
#13
Shriram Varadharajan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603671/spatial-variation-in-coral-reef-fish-and-benthic-communities-in-the-central-saudi-arabian-red-sea
#14
Maha T Khalil, Jessica Bouwmeester, Michael L Berumen
Local-scale ecological information is critical as a sound basis for spatial management and conservation and as support for ongoing research in relatively unstudied areas. We conducted visual surveys of fish and benthic communities on nine reefs (3-24 km from shore) in the Thuwal area of the central Saudi Arabian Red Sea. Fish biomass increased with increasing distance from shore, but was generally low compared to reefs experiencing minimal human influence around the world. All reefs had a herbivore-dominated trophic structure and few top predators, such as sharks, jacks, or large groupers...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592987/an-efficient-protocol-for-perennial-ryegrass-mesophyll-protoplast-isolation-and-transformation-and-its-application-on-interaction-study-between-lpnol-and-lpnyc1
#15
Guohui Yu, Qiang Cheng, Zheni Xie, Bin Xu, Bingru Huang, Bingyu Zhao
BACKGROUND: Perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) is an important temperate grass used for turf and forage purposes. With the increasing accumulation of genomic and transcriptomic data of perennial ryegrass, an efficient protoplast and transient gene expression protocol is highly desirable for in vivo gene functional studies in its homologous system. RESULTS: In this report, a highly efficient protoplast isolation (5.6 × 10(7) protoplasts per gram of leaf material) and transient expression (plasmid transformation efficiency at 55...
2017: Plant Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592671/biological-interactions-both-facilitate-and-resist-climate-related-functional-change-in-temperate-reef-communities
#16
Amanda E Bates, Rick D Stuart-Smith, Neville S Barrett, Graham J Edgar
Shifts in the abundance and location of species are restructuring life on the Earth, presenting the need to build resilience into our natural systems. Here, we tested if protection from fishing promotes community resilience in temperate reef communities undergoing rapid warming in Tasmania. Regardless of protection status, we detected a signature of warming in the brown macroalgae, invertebrates and fishes, through increases in the local richness and abundance of warm-affinity species. Even so, responses in protected communities diverged from exploited communities...
June 14, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590985/outcomes-of-prosthetic-reconstruction-of-radiated-and-non-radiated-breasts-with-fat-grafting
#17
Ewa Komorowska-Timek, Zaahir Turfe, Alan T Davis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573015/density-dependent-coral-recruitment-displays-divergent-responses-during-distinct-early-life-history-stages
#18
Christopher Doropoulos, Nicolas R Evensen, Luis A Gómez-Lemos, Russell C Babcock
Population growth involves demographic bottlenecks that regulate recruitment success during various early life-history stages. The success of each early life-history stage can vary in response to population density, interacting with intrinsic (e.g. behavioural) and environmental (e.g. competition, predation) factors. Here, we used the common reef-building coral Acropora millepora to investigate how density-dependence influences larval survival and settlement in laboratory experiments that isolated intrinsic effects, and post-settlement survival in a field experiment that examined interactions with environmental factors...
May 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567049/quantitative-trait-loci-associated-with-drought-tolerance-in-brachypodium-distachyon
#19
Yiwei Jiang, Xicheng Wang, Xiaoqing Yu, Xiongwei Zhao, Na Luo, Zhongyou Pei, Huifen Liu, David F Garvin
The temperate wild grass Brachypodium distachyon (Brachypodium) serves as model system for studying turf and forage grasses. Brachypodium collections show diverse responses to drought stress, but little is known about the genetic mechanisms of drought tolerance of this species. The objective of this study was to identify quantitative trait loci (QTLs) associated with drought tolerance traits in Brachypodium. We assessed leaf fresh weight (LFW), leaf dry weight (LDW), leaf water content (LWC), leaf wilting (WT), and chlorophyll fluorescence (Fv/Fm) under well-watered and drought conditions on a recombinant inbred line (RIL) population from two parents (Bd3-1 and Bd1-1) known to differ in their drought adaptation...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559909/differential-responses-of-polyamines-and-antioxidants-to-drought-in-a-centipedegrass-mutant-in-comparison-to-its-wild-type-plants
#20
Mingxi Liu, Jingjing Chen, Zhenfei Guo, Shaoyun Lu
Centipedegrass (Eremochloa ophiuroides [Munro] Hack.) is an important warm-season turfgrass species with low turf maintenance requirements. However, our knowledge on physiological adaptation of centipedegrass to drought stress is limited. Physiological responses to drought in a gamma-ray-induced mutant 22-1 as compared with two wild type (WT) lines were analyzed for understanding of drought tolerance mechanism of centipedegrass. The mutant showed an elevated drought tolerance with higher levels of relative water content, net photosynthetic rate (A) and stomatal conductance (gs) and lower levels of ion leakage and malondialdehyde (MDA) under drought stress as compared with WT plants...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
keyword
keyword
93540
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"