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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228242/effect-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-on-the-laryngo-pharyngeal-tract
#1
Abdul-Latif Hamdan, Ghina Fakhri, Ghassan Haddad, Gabriel Dunya, Doja Sarieddine, Bilal Turfe, Georges Tabet, Sami Azar
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of vitamin D deficiency on the laryngopharyngeal tract. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary care center. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 38 human subjects were prospectively recruited, equally divided into two groups. The Vitamin D deficiency group defined as 25-OH<25ng/dl and the control subjects with normal vitamin D level defined as 25-OH>25ng/dl. The presence and severity of vocal tract symptoms was assessed using the Vocal Tract Discomfort score...
February 13, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208603/an-artificial-turf-based-surrogate-surface-collector-for-the-direct-measurement-of-atmospheric-mercury-dry-deposition
#2
Naima L Hall, Joseph Timothy Dvonch, Frank J Marsik, James A Barres, Matthew S Landis
This paper describes the development of a new artificial turf surrogate surface (ATSS) sampler for use in the measurement of mercury (Hg) dry deposition. In contrast to many existing surrogate surface designs, the ATSS utilizes a three-dimensional deposition surface that may more closely mimic the physical structure of many natural surfaces than traditional flat surrogate surface designs (water, filter, greased Mylar film). The ATSS has been designed to overcome several complicating factors that can impact the integrity of samples with other direct measurement approaches by providing a passive system which can be deployed for both short and extended periods of time (days to weeks), and is not contaminated by precipitation and/or invalidated by strong winds...
February 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187136/candidate-genes-and-molecular-markers-associated-with-heat-tolerance-in-colonial-bentgrass
#3
David Jespersen, Faith C Belanger, Bingru Huang
Elevated temperature is a major abiotic stress limiting the growth of cool-season grasses during the summer months. The objectives of this study were to determine the genetic variation in the expression patterns of selected genes involved in several major metabolic pathways regulating heat tolerance for two genotypes contrasting in heat tolerance to confirm their status as potential candidate genes, and to identify PCR-based markers associated with candidate genes related to heat tolerance in a colonial (Agrostis capillaris L...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185652/the-two-facets-of-species-sensitivity-stress-and-disturbance-on-coralligenous-assemblages-in-space-and-time
#4
Monica Montefalcone, Carla Morri, Carlo Nike Bianchi, Giorgio Bavestrello, Luigi Piazzi
Marine coastal ecosystems are affected by a vast array of human-induced disturbances and stresses, which are often capable of overwhelming the effects of natural changes. Despite the conceptual and practical difficulty in differentiating between disturbance and stress, which are often used interchangeably, the two terms bear different ecological meanings. Both are external agents, but the former causes mortality or physical damage (subtraction of biomass), whereas the latter causes physiological alteration (reduction in productivity)...
February 6, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183269/transcriptome-profilings-of-two-tall-fescue-festuca-arundinacea-cultivars-in-response-to-lead-pb-stress
#5
Huiying Li, Tao Hu, Erick Amombo, Jinmin Fu
BACKGROUND: Lead (Pb) is one of the most toxic heavy metal environmental pollutants. Tall fescue is an important cold season turf grass which can tolerate and accumulate substantial amount of Pb. To estimate genes related to Pb response and the molecular mechanism associated with Pb tolerance and accumulation, we analyzed the transcriptome of tall fescue in response to Pb treatment. RESULTS: RNA-sequencing was performed in two tall fescue cultivars, Pb tolerant Silverado and Pb sensitive AST7001...
February 10, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151702/the-athletic-shoe-in-football
#6
James Jastifer, Richard Kent, Jeff Crandall, Chris Sherwood, David Lessley, Kirk A McCullough, Michael J Coughlin, Robert B Anderson
BACKGROUND: Foot and ankle injuries are common in sports, particularly in cleated athletes. Traditionally, the athletic shoe has not been regarded as a piece of protective equipment but rather as a part of the uniform, with a primary focus on performance and subjective feedback measures of comfort. Changes in turf and shoe design have poorly understood implications on the health and safety of players. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A literature search of the MEDLINE and PubMed databases was conducted...
March 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144174/an-early-record-of-meloidogyne-fallax-from-ireland
#7
Olivera Topalović, John F Moore, Toon Janssen, Wim Bert, Gerrit Karssen
Root-knot nematodes, Meloidogyne spp., cause huge economic losses worldwide. Currently, three Meloidogyne spp. are present on the quarantine A2 list of EPPO, Meloidogyne chitwoodi, Meloidogyne fallax and Meloidogyne enterolobii. As a quarantine organism, Meloidogyne fallax has been detected in England and Northern Ireland on sport turf in 2011, and in England on leek in 2013. However, its presence in Ireland has probably been overlooked since 1965, when Mr. John F. Moore and Dr. Mary T. Franklin had detected a new Meloidogyne species for that time...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142114/the-response-of-earthworms-eisenia-fetida-and-soil-microbes-to-the-crumb-rubber-material-used-in-artificial-turf-fields
#8
Sharon T Pochron, Andrew Fiorenza, Cassandra Sperl, Brianne Ledda, Charles Lawrence Patterson, Clara C Tucker, Wade Tucker, Yuwan Lisa Ho, Nicholas Panico
Municipalities have been replacing grass fields with artificial turf, which uses crumb rubber infill made from recycled tires. Crumb rubber contains hydrocarbons, organic compounds, and heavy metals. Water runoff from crumb rubber fields contains heavy metals. These components can damage the environment. We contaminated topsoil with new crumb rubber and measured its impact on earthworms and soil microbes. Specifically, we compared soil microbe activity and earthworm health, survivorship, and longevity in heat and light stress under two soil regimes: clean topsoil and clean topsoil contaminated with crumb rubber...
January 21, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142113/efficiency-of-sewage-sludge-biochar-in-improving-urban-soil-properties-and-promoting-grass-growth
#9
Yan Yue, Liu Cui, Qimei Lin, Guitong Li, Xiaorong Zhao
It is meaningful to quickly improve poor urban soil fertility in order to establish the green land vegetation. In this study, a series rates (0%, 1%, 5%, 10%, 20% and 50%, in mass ratio) of biochar derived from municipal sewage sludge was applied into an urban soil and then turf grass was grown in pots. The results showed that biochar amendment induced significant increases in soil total nitrogen, organic carbon, black carbon, and available phosphorus and potassium by more than 1.5, 1.9, 4.5, 5.6 and 0.4 times, respectively...
January 21, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134962/common-foot-and-ankle-injuries-what-not-to-miss-and-how-best-to-manage
#10
Jessica Reissig, Adam Bitterman, Simon Lee
Injuries to the foot and ankle are commonly encountered, especially among athletes, and can lead to morbidity if not managed appropriately. Health care professionals must have a firm understanding of injury anatomy, diagnoses, and management. This article provides a review of lateral talus process fractures, os trigonum injuries, Lisfranc injuries, turf toe, navicular stress fractures, and syndesmotic injuries.
February 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124292/injuries-to-the-great-toe
#11
REVIEW
Philip J York, Frank B Wydra, Kenneth J Hunt
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Injuries to the great toe are common in athletes. While most are managed nonoperatively and allow return to sports activity, some great toe injuries are highly problematic and can impact function. The purpose of this review is to highlight several specific injuries and disease processes involving the hallux and to detail current recommendations and management options in order to help raise suspicion for injuries that can result in long-term dysfunction. RECENT FINDINGS: Toe injuries have been found to represent nearly 10% of injuries presenting to fracture clinics...
January 26, 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122102/effect-of-renal-failure-on-voice
#12
Walid A Mudawwar, Elie S Alam, Doja S Sarieddine, Zaahir A Turfe, Abdul-Latif H Hamdan
The objective of this case-control study was to assess the impact of dysphonia on quality of life and to report the perceptual and acoustic findings in patients with chronic renal failure. A total of 22 patients with chronic renal failure and 18 healthy controls were recruited. Patients were asked to complete the Voice Handicap Index (VHI)-10 to assess the impact of dysphonia on quality of life. Perceptual evaluation of patients' voice recordings using the GRBAS classification was performed. Acoustic analysis was also conducted...
January 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122042/algal-turf-sediments-and-sediment-production-by-parrotfishes-across-the-continental-shelf-of-the-northern-great-barrier-reef
#13
Sterling B Tebbett, Christopher H R Goatley, David R Bellwood
Sediments are found in the epilithic algal matrix (EAM) of all coral reefs and play important roles in ecological processes. Although we have some understanding of patterns of EAM sediments across individual reefs, our knowledge of patterns across broader spatial scales is limited. We used an underwater vacuum sampler to quantify patterns in two of the most ecologically relevant factors of EAM sediments across the Great Barrier Reef: total load and grain size distribution. We compare these patterns with rates of sediment production and reworking by parrotfishes to gain insights into the potential contribution of parrotfishes to EAM sediments...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104931/turf-wars-in-radiology-need-for-symbiotic-relationships
#14
EDITORIAL
Chander Mohan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104330/evaluation-of-individual-and-combined-management-practices-to-reduce-the-off-site-transport-of-pesticides-from-golf-course-turf
#15
Pamela J Rice, Brian P Horgan, Jennifer L Hamlin
The detection of pesticides, associated with turfgrass management, in storm runoff and surface waters of urban watersheds has raised concerns regarding their source, potential environmental effects and a need for strategies to reduce their inputs. In previous research we discovered that hollow tine core cultivation (HTCC) was more effective than other management practices for reducing the off-site transport of pesticides with runoff from creeping bentgrass turf managed as a golf course fairway. This was primarily the result of enhanced infiltration and reduced runoff volumes associated with turf managed with hollow tines...
January 16, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103271/early-stages-of-sea-level-rise-lead-to-decreased-salt-marsh-plant-diversity-through-stronger-competition-in-mediterranean-climate-marshes
#16
Akana E Noto, Jonathan B Shurin
Climate change shuffles species ranges and creates novel interactions that may either buffer communities against climate change or exacerbate its effect. For instance, facilitation can become more prevalent in salt marshes under stressful conditions while competition is stronger in benign environments. Sea-level rise (SLR) is a consequence of climate change that affects the distribution of stress from inundation and salinity. To determine how interactions early in SLR are affected by changes in these two stressors in Mediterranean-climate marshes, we transplanted marsh turfs to lower elevations to simulate SLR and manipulated cover of the dominant plant species, Salicornia pacifica (formerly Salicornia virginica)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046102/the-effects-of-algal-turf-sediments-and-organic-loads-on-feeding-by-coral-reef-surgeonfishes
#17
Sterling B Tebbett, Christopher H R Goatley, David R Bellwood
Herbivorous and detritivorous fishes interact closely with the epilithic algal matrix (EAM) on coral reefs. While sediment and organic detrital loads within the EAM might influence this interaction, the responses of functionally distinct fishes to changing sediment and organic loads have not been investigated. Aquarium based feeding trials were performed to assess how different sediment and organic loads affected feeding by the highly abundant surgeonfishes, Ctenochaetus striatus, a detritivore, and Acanthurus nigrofuscus, a herbivore...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027580/effects-of-predation-and-nutrient-enrichment-on-the-success-and-microbiome-of-a-foundational-coral
#18
Elizabeth C Shaver, Andrew A Shantz, Ryan McMinds, Deron E Burkepile, Rebecca L Vega Thurber, Brian R Silliman
By inflicting damage to prey tissues, consumer species may increase stress in prey hosts and reduce overall fitness (i.e., primary effects, such as growth or reproduction) or cause secondary effects by affecting prey interactions with other species such as microbes. However, little is known about how abiotic conditions affect the outcomes of these biotic interactions. In coral reef communities, both nutrient enrichment and predation have been linked to reduced fitness and disease facilitation in corals, yet no study to date has tested their combined effects on corals or their associated microbial communities (i...
December 27, 2016: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027220/outcomes-of-prosthetic-reconstruction-of-irradiated-and-nonirradiated-breasts-with-fat-grafting
#19
Ewa Komorowska-Timek, Zaahir Turfe, Alan T Davis
BACKGROUND: Fat grafting may be beneficial in prosthetic reconstruction of irradiated tissues, but there is a paucity of data on the complication rates associated with this clinical scenario. METHODS: All consecutive patients who had undergone fat grafting and prosthetic reconstruction from 2010 to 2013 were enrolled. Variables obtained related to fat grafting and history of irradiation. Implant-related complications in relation to irradiation status were also noted...
January 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012661/off-site-transport-of-nitrogen-fertilizer-with-runoff-from-golf-course-fairway-turf-a-comparison-of-creeping-bentgrass-with-a-fine-fescue-mixture
#20
Pamela J Rice, Brian P Horgan
Maintaining quality golf course turf often requires irrigation and application of fertilizer. The transport of excess nutrients with runoff water from highly managed and fertilized biological systems to surrounding surface waters has been shown to result in enhanced algal blooms and promotion of eutrophication. Environmental stewardship includes looking for new approaches to reduce adverse environmental impacts of current practices. One strategy is to replace traditional turfgrass with low-maintenance turfgrass species...
December 21, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
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