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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511055/professional-midwifery-in-guatemala-a-qualitative-exploration-of-perceptions-attitudes-and-expectations-among-stakeholders
#1
Anna Summer, Sylvia Guendelman, Edgar Kestler, Dilys Walker
BACKGROUND: Despite recommendations that women give birth with a skilled birth attendant (SBA), 70% of births in Guatemala occur outside health facilities with informally trained traditional birth attendants (TBAs). To increase SBA in rural, indigenous communities, a professional midwifery school accredited by the government is scheduled to open in 2017. Drawing from Filby's model on barriers to the successful integration of professional midwifery into health systems, this paper aims to identify threats - and facilitators-toward professional midwifery's re-introduction in Guatemala...
May 4, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493472/turf-wars-exploring-splenomegaly-in-sickle-cell-disease-in-malaria-endemic-regions
#2
REVIEW
Venée N Tubman, Julie Makani
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a group of recessively inherited disorders of erythrocyte function that presents an ongoing threat to reducing childhood and adult morbidity and mortality around the world. While decades of research have led to improved survival for SCD patients in wealthy countries, survival remains dismal in low- and middle-income countries. Much of the early mortality associated with SCD is attributed to increased risk of infections due to early loss of splenic function. In the West, bacterial infections with encapsulated organisms are a primary concern...
May 11, 2017: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493060/synthetic-turf-fields-crumb-rubber-and-alleged-cancer-risk
#3
Archie Bleyer
Most synthetic turf fields have crumb rubber interspersed among the simulated grass fibers to reduce athletic injuries by allowing users to turn and slide more readily as they play sports or exercise on the fields. Recently, the crumbs have been implicated in causing cancer in adolescents and young adults who use the fields, particularly lymphoma and primarily in soccer goalkeepers. This concern has led to the initiation of large-scale studies by local and federal governments that are expected to take years to complete...
May 11, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481886/egg-production-patterns-of-two-invertebrate-species-in-rocky-subtidal-areas-under-different-fishing-regimes-along-the-coast-of-central-chile
#4
Marta Blanco, Andres Ospina-Álvarez, Catherine González, Miriam Fernández
Fishing is a major source of human impact, reducing density and size of a wide range of exploited species in comparison to areas exhibiting strong regulations (no-take and partially protected areas, including Territorial Use Rights for Fisheries, TURFs). Since size and density might have important consequences on reproduction, and therefore natural re-seeding, we monitored adult size, density and potential fecundity of the keyhole limpet (Fissurella latimarginata) and the red sea urchin (Loxechinus albus) in areas under two fishing regimes (TURFs and Open Access Areas, OAAs)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467414/pontellid-copepods-labidocera-spp-affected-by-ocean-acidification-a-field-study-at-natural-co2-seeps
#5
Joy N Smith, Claudio Richter, Katharina E Fabricius, Astrid Cornils
CO2 seeps in coral reefs were used as natural laboratories to study the impacts of ocean acidification on the pontellid copepod, Labidocera spp. Pontellid abundances were reduced by ∼70% under high-CO2 conditions. Biological parameters and substratum preferences of the copepods were explored to determine the underlying causes of such reduced abundances. Stage- and sex-specific copepod lengths, feeding ability, and egg development were unaffected by ocean acidification, thus changes in these physiological parameters were not the driving factor for reduced abundances under high-CO2 exposure...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464062/ssr-marker-development-linkage-mapping-and-qtl-analysis-for-establishment-rate-in-common-bermudagrass
#6
Yuanwen Guo, Yanqi Wu, Jeff A Anderson, Justin Q Moss, Lan Zhu, Jinmin Fu
Common bermudagrass has been widely used as a major warm-season turf, forage, and soil stabilization grass in the southern United States. However, codominant marker development, linkage, and quantitative trait loci (QTL) mapping resources are limited in the important taxon. Accordingly, the objectives of this study were to develop simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers, construct a genetic map, and identify genomic regions associated with establishment rate. Five genomic SSR libraries were constructed, sequenced, and used in the development of 1003 validated SSR primer pairs (PPs)...
March 2017: Plant Genome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427567/benthic-dinoflagellate-integrator-bedi-a-new-method-for-the-quantification-of-benthic-harmful-algal-blooms
#7
Luisa Mangialajo, Anna Fricke, Gala Perez-Gutierrez, Daniela Catania, Cécile Jauzein, Rodolphe Lemee
Despite the potential negative human health, ecological and economic impact, the ecology of harmful benthic dinoflagellate blooms remains largely unknown. This is probably due to the complex interactions among biotic and abiotic drivers that influence blooms, but also to the difficulty in quantifying cell abundance in a comparable way over large spatial and temporal scales. One of the recognized priorities for bHABs (benthic Harmful Algal Blooms) assessment is developing and standardizing methods that can provide comparable data...
April 2017: Harmful Algae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411211/persistence-of-endophytic-fungi-in-cultivars-of-loliumperenne-grown-from-seeds-stored-for-22-years
#8
Gregory P Cheplick
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Genetic resources for forage crops often consist of seeds of specific species and cultivars in cold storage for future use in breeding and selection programs. Temperate grasses such as Lolium perenne, used worldwide for forage and turf, produce seeds commonly infected by hyphae of an endophytic fungus (Epichloë festucae var. lolii). This research determined whether endophytes could persist and infect seedlings of L. perenne emerging from seeds stored for over two decades...
April 14, 2017: American Journal of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409237/prevalence-of-sucretolerant-bacteria-in-common-soils-and-their-isolation-and-characterization
#9
Casper Fredsgaard, Donald B Moore, Fei Chen, Benton C Clark, Mark A Schneegurt
Sucretolerant microbes grow in the presence of sugar concentrations high enough to substantially lower water activities. Natural habitats high in sugars are mainly limited to dried fruit, floral nectar, honey, sugarcane, and associated soils. Organisms that tolerate extremes of solute concentration, high enough to lower water activities, might not be expected in common oligoosmotic soils. We report on the isolation of sucretolerant bacteria from common soils using media supplemented with 50% sucrose (a w 0...
April 13, 2017: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391465/resilience-potential-of-an-indian-ocean-reef-an-assessment-through-coral-recruitment-pattern-and-survivability-of-juvenile-corals-to-recurrent-stress-events
#10
Balakrishnan Manikandan, Jeyaraman Ravindran, Pottekkatt Jayabalan Vidya, Selvaraju Shrinivasu, Rajagopal Manimurali, Kaliyaperumal Paramasivam
Coral reefs are degraded by the synergistic action of climate and anthropogenic stressors. Coral cover in the Palk Bay reef at the northern Indian Ocean largely declined in the past decade due to frequent bleaching events, tsunami and increased fishing activities. In this study, we carried out a comparative assessment to assess the differences in the recovery and resilience of three spatially distant reefs viz. Vedhalai, Mandapam and Pamban along Palk Bay affected by moderate, severe and low fishing pressure respectively...
April 9, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389864/does-the-fifa-11-%C3%A2-injury-prevention-program-reduce-the-incidence-of-acl-injury-in-male-soccer-players
#11
Holly J Silvers-Granelli, Mario Bizzini, Amelia Arundale, Bert R Mandelbaum, Lynn Snyder-Mackler
BACKGROUND: The FIFA 11+ injury prevention program has been shown to decrease the risk of soccer injuries in men and women. The program has also been shown to decrease time loss resulting from injury. However, previous studies have not specifically investigated how the program might impact the rate of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury in male soccer players. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: The purpose of this study was to examine if the FIFA 11+ injury prevention program can (1) reduce the overall number of ACL injuries in men who play competitive college soccer and whether any potential reduction in rate of ACL injuries differed based on (2) game versus practice setting; (3) player position; (4) level of play (Division I or II); or (5) field type...
April 7, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388488/genome-wide-identification-of-heat-stress-responsive-small-rnas-in-tall-fescue-festuca-arundinacea-by-high-throughput-sequencing
#12
Huiying Li, Tao Hu, Erick Amombo, Jinmin Fu
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play vital roles in the adaptive response of plants to various abiotic and biotic stresses. Tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) is a major cool-season forage and turf grass species which is severely influenced by heat stress. To unravel possible heat stress-responsive miRNAs, high-throughput sequencing was employed for heat-tolerant PI578718 and heat-sensitive PI234881 genotypes growing in presence and absence of heat stress (40°C for 36h). By searching against the miRBase database, among 1421 reference monocotyledon miRNAs, more than 850 were identified in all samples...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378954/pre-hospital-and-retrieval-medicine-clinical-governance-and-workforce-models
#13
Marcus Kennedy, Mark Elcock, Daniel Ellis, Gary Tall
Pre-hospital and retrieval medicine (PHARM) has developed significantly in the past decade. This perspective article proposes that PHARM should develop with a clear focus on contemporary health governance principles, and that its workforce and models of care adopt modern interdisciplinary approaches. Many of the older systems of managing clinical standards, and outdated cultural approaches to professional 'turf', workforce and scope of practice have little place in high-performance organisations. This paper calls us to attention with a recommendation that best and safest systems of care, structured to optimise patient outcomes and system performance should be our goal...
April 5, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358612/management-and-case-outcome-of-gastric-impaction-in-four-raptors-a-case-series
#14
Jeffrey R Applegate, Arnaud Van Wettere, Emily F Christiansen, Laurel A Degernes
Four captive raptors, an American kestrel ( Falco sparverius ), peregrine falcon ( Falco peregrinus ), golden eagle ( Aquila chrysaetos ), and barn owl ( Tyto alba ), were diagnosed with ventricular and/or proventricular foreign material impactions consisting of artificial turf substrate, paper and plastic substrate, grass, and newspaper. Partial or total anorexia was reported in all birds and decreased casting in 2 birds. Survey radiographs confirmed presence of gastric enlargement in all 4 birds. The kestrel and eagle were treated unsuccessfully with gastroscopy and gastric lavage, respectively, followed by surgical intervention to remove the ventricular impactions...
March 2017: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337605/application-of-diet-theory-reveals-context-dependent-foraging-preferences-in-an-herbivorous-coral-reef-fish
#15
John Hanmer, J Wilson White, Joseph R Pawlik
Dietary preferences of grazers can drive spatial variability in top-down control of autotroph communities, because diet composition may depend on the relative availability of autotroph species. On Caribbean coral reefs, parrotfish grazing is important in limiting macroalgae, but parrotfish dietary preferences are poorly understood. We applied diet-switching analysis to quantify the foraging preferences of the redband parrotfish (Sparisoma aurofrenatum). At 12 Caribbean reefs, we observed 293 redband parrotfish in 5-min feeding bouts and quantified relative benthic algal cover using quadrats...
May 2017: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335617/operative-treatment-of-traumatic-hallux-valgus-in-elite-athletes
#16
D Jeff Covell, Craig R Lareau, Robert B Anderson
BACKGROUND: Traumatic hallux valgus is an increasingly common injury in the athletic population and represents a unique variant of turf toe. Failure to appropriately recognize and treat these injuries can lead to continued pain, decreased performance, progressive deformities, and ultimately degeneration of the hallux metatarsophalangeal joint. Limited literature currently exists to assist in the diagnosis, management, and operative treatment. METHODS: Nineteen patients were reviewed in this series, including 12 National Football League, 6 college, and 1 high school player who was a college prospect...
March 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321653/5-aminolevulinic-acid-modulates-antioxidant-defense-systems-and-mitigates-drought-induced-damage-in-kentucky-bluegrass-seedlings
#17
Kuiju Niu, Xiang Ma, Guoling Liang, Huiling Ma, Zhifeng Jia, Wenhui Liu, Qianqian Yu
Drought stress occurs frequently and severely as a result of global climate change, and it exerts serious effects on plants. 5-Aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) plays a crucial role in conferring abiotic stress tolerance in plants. To enhance the drought tolerance of turfgrass and investigate the effects of 5-ALA on antioxidant metabolism and gene expression under drought stress conditions, exogenous 5-ALA was applied by foliar spraying before Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis L.) seedlings were exposed to drought [induced by 10% polyethylene glycol (PEG)] stress for 20 days...
March 20, 2017: Protoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301365/preserving-the-legitimacy-of-board-certification
#18
Michael S Hanemann, Holly C Wall, John A Dean
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this discussion were to inform the medical community about the American Board of Cosmetic Surgery's ongoing attempts in Louisiana to achieve equivalency to American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS) member boards so that its diplomates may use the term "board certified" in advertising and to ensure public safety by upholding the standards for medical board certification. BACKGROUND: In 2011, Louisiana passed a truth in medical advertising law, which was intended to protect the public by prohibiting the use of the term "board certified" by improperly credentialed physicians...
June 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293296/isolation-and-characterization-of-chromosomal-markers-in-poa-pratensis
#19
Yanyan Zhao, Feng Yu, Ruijuan Liu, Quanwen Dou
BACKGROUND: Poa pratensis L. is a turf grass and forage crop used worldwide. Being a facultative apomictic species, P. pratensis has a highly variable chromosome number. Chromosomal markers constitute a powerful tool for chromosome identification and for various aspects of genomic research. However, currently, no chromosomal markers are available for P. pratensis. RESULTS: Four novel chromosome markers were isolated from a screen of Cot-1 DNA libraries, combined with fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) in Poa pratensis...
2017: Molecular Cytogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256003/re-aerosolization-of-bacillus-thuringiensis-spores-from-concrete-and-turf
#20
A H Bishop, C M O'Sullivan, A Lane, M C Butler Ellis, W J Sellors
Spores of Bacillus anthracis deposited on surfaces can become airborne again as a result of air currents and mechanical forces. As such they are a potential source of infection by inhalation. Spores of Bacillus thuringiensis were used to quantify this phenomenon in a simulation of outdoor conditions. Concrete and turf surfaces were inoculated by aerosol to produce high spore densities (greater than 1 x 10(9) CFU m(-2) ) which were then subjected to the passage of air at 10 ms(-1) with and without simulated walking...
March 3, 2017: Letters in Applied Microbiology
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