Read by QxMD icon Read


Andre M Samuel, Pablo J Diaz-Collado, Raj J Gala, Matthew L Webb, Adam M Lukasiewicz, Bryce A Basques, Daniel D Bohl, Han Jo Kim, Jonathan N Grauer
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study OBJECTIVE.: To determine the rate of venous thromboembolism event (VTE) and risk factors for their occurrence in patients with vertebral fractures. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism (VTE) events are a significant source of potentially preventable morbidity and mortality in trauma patients. In patients with traumatic vertebral fractures, a common high-energy injury sometimes resulting in spinal cord injury, there is debate about what factors may be associated with such VTEs...
March 13, 2018: Spine
Alysia K Robertson, Erica Snow, Theodora S Browne, Sha'Tia Brownell, Ifeoma Inneh, Jaclyn F Hill
PURPOSE: Although acute compartment syndrome (ACS) is associated with pediatric supracondylar humerus (SCH) fractures, there are limited data describing its incidence and risk factors. The purpose of our study was to report the local and national incidence of ACS with SCH and floating elbow (concomitant SCH and forearm) fracture patterns and the associated risk factors. METHODS: We retrospectively queried data for SCH fracture patients over a 4-year period from our institution (a level I pediatric trauma center) and the National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB)...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
James M Bardes, Kenji Inaba, Morgan Schellenberg, Daniel Grabo, Aaron Strumwasser, Kazuhide Matsushima, Damon Clark, Niquelle Brown, Demetrios Demetriades
BACKGROUND: The distribution of trauma deaths was classically described as trimodal. With advances in both technology and trauma systems, this was re-evaluated and found to be bimodal in the early 2000s. Over the last decade there have been continued improvements in trauma and ICU care, related to damage control techniques and evidence based ICU pathways. A better understanding of the distribution of trauma deaths may be used to improve trauma systems. This study aimed to evaluate the contemporary distribution of trauma deaths after the widespread implementation of modern trauma and critical care principles...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Shokei Matsumoto, Kyoungwon Jung, Alan Smith, Raul Coimbra
BACKGROUND: Ligation may be used as part of damage control surgery under critical conditions following inferior vena cava (IVC) injury. IVC ligation could potentially yield greater survival benefit compared to repair following injury. We hypothesized that ligation significantly improve the outcome compared to repair. STUDY DESIGN: The National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB) dataset for 2007-2014 was reviewed. Eligible patients included those sustaining IVC injury who underwent surgical ligation or repair...
February 2, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
Ryan Fransman, Alistair J Kent, Elliott R Haut, A Reema Kar, Joseph V Sakran, Kent Stevens, David T Efron, Christian Jones
BACKGROUND: The National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB) includes patient comorbidities. This study evaluates factors of trauma centers associated with higher rates of missing comorbidity data. METHODS: Proportions of missing comorbidity data from facilities in the NTDB from 2011 to 2014 were evaluated for associations with facility characteristics. Proportional impact analysis was performed to identify potential policy targets. RESULTS: Of 919 included facilities, 85% reported comorbidity data in 95% or more cases; only 31...
January 27, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
Cedric Benson, Janice Weinberg, Chaitan K Narsule, Tejal S Brahmbhatt
BACKGROUND: The effect of alcohol exposure on patients undergoing a laparotomy for trauma is unknown. The purpose of this study was to compare outcomes of morbidity and mortality between alcohol positive and alcohol negative trauma patients who required emergent laparotomies using the National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB). METHODS: A retrospective database analysis was performed using 28,354 NTDB incident trauma cases, from 2007 through 2012, who had been tested for alcohol and who required abdominal operations (using ICD-9-CM procedure codes) within 24h of presentation...
November 13, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Erica D Kane, Elan Jeremitsky, Katharine R Bittner, Susan Kartiko, Andrew R Doben
BACKGROUND: Use of surgical stabilization of rib fractures (SSRF) has increased. Despite compelling small studies, many centers still struggle with determining criteria for intervention. We investigated the benefit of SSRF in our patients compared with nonoperative (NonOp) National Trauma Databank (NTDB) controls, specifically in the older population. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a retrospective comparison of trauma patients with ≥3 and >5 rib fractures, who underwent SSRF at a tertiary care level I trauma center, with nonoperatively managed NTDB controls from equivalent level I centers between 2007 and 2014...
November 26, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
Hee-Won Jeong, Seung-Won Choi, Jin-Young Youm, Jeong-Wook Lim, Hyon-Jo Kwon, Shi-Hun Song
Objective: Among pediatric injury, brain injury is a leading cause of death and disability. To improve outcomes, many developed countries built neurotrauma databank (NTDB) system but there was not established nationwide coverage NTDB until 2009 and there have been few studies on pediatric traumatic head injury (THI) patients in Korea. Therefore, we analyzed epidemiology and outcome from the big data of pediatric THI. Methods: We collected data on pediatric patients from 23 university hospitals including 9 regional trauma centers from 2010 to 2014 and analyzed their clinical factors (sex, age, initial Glasgow coma scale, cause and mechanism of head injury, presence of surgery)...
November 2017: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
Etienne St-Louis, David Bracco, James Hanley, Tarek Razek, Robert Baird
BACKGROUND: There is a need for a pediatric trauma outcomes benchmarking model that is adapted for Low-and-Middle-Income Countries (LMICs). We used the National-Trauma-Data-Bank (NTDB) and applied constraints specific to resource-poor environments to develop and validate an LMIC-specific pediatric trauma score. METHODS: We selected a sample of pediatric trauma patients aged 0-14years in the NTDB from 2007 to 2012. Primary outcome was in-hospital death. Logistic regression was used to create the Pediatric Resuscitation and Trauma Outcome (PRESTO) score, which includes only low-tech predictor variables - those easily obtainable at point-of-care...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Marc D Trust, Pedro G Teixeira, Lawrence H Brown, Sadia Ali, Ben Coopwood, Jayson D Aydelotte, Carlos V R Brown
BACKGROUND: Because of increased failure rates of nonoperative management (NOM) of blunt splenic injuries (BSI) in the geriatric population, dogma dictated that this management was unacceptable. Recently, there has been an increased use of this treatment strategy in the geriatric population. However, published data assessing the safety of NOM of BSI in this population is conflicting, and well-powered multicenter data are lacking. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of data from the National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB) from 2014 and identified young (age < 65) and geriatric (age ≥ 65) patients with a BSI...
January 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
James M Bardes, Elizabeth Benjamin, Agustin Alvarez Escalante, Jinglan Wu, Demetrios Demetriades
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the leading cause of death among injured children. Depending on geographic location, and trauma resources, pediatric patients may be treated at pediatric (PTC), adult (ATC), or mixed trauma centers (MTC). The effect of the type of trauma center on outcomes in severe TBI is not known. METHODS: NTDB study (2007-2014), level 1 trauma centers, patients ≤14years with severe isolated TBI (head AIS≥3 and extracranial AIS≤2)...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Morgan Schellenberg, Kenji Inaba, Vincent Cheng, James M Bardes, Lydia Lam, Elizabeth Benjamin, Kazuhide Matsushima, Demetrios Demetriades
BACKGROUND: Traumatic injuries to the distal pancreas are infrequent. Universally accepted recommendations about the need for routine splenectomy with distal pancreatectomy do not exist. The aims of this study were to compare outcomes after distal pancreatectomy and splenectomy versus spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy, and to define the appropriate patient population for splenic preservation. METHODS: All patients who underwent distal pancreatectomy (January 1, 2007, to December 31, 2014) were identified from the National Trauma Data Bank...
January 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Nidharshan S Anandasivam, Glenn S Russo, Matthew S Swallow, Bryce A Basques, Andre M Samuel, Nathaniel T Ondeck, Sophie H Chung, Jennifer M Fischer, Daniel D Bohl, Jonathan N Grauer
This is the first large-scale study to define the injured population and examine associated injuries for patients with tibial shaft fractures. Patients over 18 years of age in the National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB) who presented with tibial shaft fractures during 2011 and 2012 were identified. Modified Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI), mechanism of injury (MOI), injury severity score (ISS), and specific associated injuries were described. Multivariate logistic regression was used to identify predictors of mortality...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
Galinos Barmparas, Matthew J Martin, Douglas A Wiegmann, Ken R Catchpole, Bruce L Gewertz, Eric J Ley
Failure to rescue (FTR), defined as any death after the development of in-hospital complications, is an important quality measure, but the relationship with age after a traumatic injury, has not been well defined. We sought to examine whether older trauma patients are at higher risk for FTR. The National Trauma Databank (NTDB) research datasets 2007 to 2011 were queried for patients ≥16 years who had any reported complication. Those who survived (non-FTR) were compared with those who did not (FTR) using a forward logistic regression model...
November 1, 2016: American Surgeon
R Spence, J Scott, A Haider, P Navsaria, A Nicol
BACKGROUND: The unacceptably high rate of death and disability due to injury in sub-Saharan Africa is alarming. The objective of this work is to compare mortality rates between severely injured trauma patients at a high volume trauma centre in South Africa with matched patients in the United States. METHOD: Clinical databases from the Groote Schuur Hospital (GSH) for patients treated in Cape Town, South Africa and the American College of Surgeon's National Trauma Databank (NTDB) for patients treated at large academic trauma centres in the US were used...
September 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
Anthony J Nastasi, Joseph K Canner, Brandyn D Lau, Michael B Streiff, Jonathan K Aboagye, Peggy S Kraus, Deborah B Hobson, Kyle J Van Arendonk, Elliott R Haut
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a tremendous burden in health care. However, current guidelines lack recommendations regarding the prevention of VTE in older adult trauma patients. Furthermore, the appropriate method of modeling of age in VTE models is currently unclear. METHODS: Patients included in the National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB) between the years 2008 and 2014 and patients included in the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) between 2009 and 2013 were analyzed...
August 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
Erica D Kane, Elan Jeremitsky, Fredric M Pieracci, Sarah Majercik, Andrew R Doben
BACKGROUND: Surgical stabilization of rib fractures (SSRF) has become pivotal in the management of severe chest injuries. Recent literature supports improved outcomes and mortality in severe fracture and flail chest patients who undergo SSRF compared with nonoperative management (NOM). A 2014 National Trauma Data Bank review provided a point prevalence of 0.7% SSRF in flail patients. We hypothesize that this prevalence is increasing and that temporal, regional, and American College of Surgeons (ACS) trauma designation vary in SSRF utilization...
December 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Morgan Schellenberg, Kenji Inaba, Jayun Cho, James M Tatum, Galinos Barmparas, Aaron Strumwasser, Daniel Grabo, Cynthia Bir, Alexander Eastman, Demetrios Demetriades
BACKGROUND: Injuries sustained by civilians from interaction with police are a polarizing contemporary sociopolitical issue. Few comprehensive studies have been published using national hospital-based data. The aim of this study was to examine the epidemiology of these injuries to better understand this mechanism of injury. METHODS: Patients entered into the National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB) (January 2007 to December 2012) with E-codes E970.0 to E976.0 (International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification), identifying injuries associated with law enforcement in the course of legal action, were enrolled...
December 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Bradley Phillips, Lauren Turco, Dan McDonald, Alison Mause, Ryan W Walters
BACKGROUND: Despite wide belief that the duodenal Organ Injury Scale has been validated, this has not been reported in the published literature. Based on clinical experience, we hypothesize that the American Association for Surgery of Trauma Organ Injury Scale (AAST-OIS) for duodenal injuries can independently predict mortality. Our objectives were threefold: (1) describe the national profile of penetrating duodenal injuries, (2) identify predictors of morbidity and mortality, and (3) validate the duodenum AAST-OIS as a statistically significant predictor of mortality...
November 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Michael D Grossman, Jay A Yelon, Lisa Szydiak
BACKGROUND: American College of Surgeons (ACS) verification is believed to provide benefits for trauma patients, but is associated with direct costs. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a 1-year retrospective review of the National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB) for 2012. Patients were separated into 3 age groups; Pediatric (PEDS), 0 to 14 years; adult, 15 to 65 years; and elderly (ELD), older than 65 years. We analyzed 2 injury severity cohorts, Injury Severity Score (ISS) 9 to 74 (ALL) and ISS 25 to 74 (MAJ)...
August 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"