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Functional near-infrared spectroscopy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919661/a-functional-near-infrared-spectroscopy-study-of-the-effects-of-configural-properties-on-sustained-attention
#1
Neil R de Joux, Kyle M Wilson, Paul N Russell, Kristin M Finkbeiner, William S Helton
Forty-five participants performed a vigilance task during which they were required to respond to a critical signal at a local feature level, while the global display was altered between groups (either a circle, a circle broken apart and reversed, or a reconnected figure). The shape in two of the groups formed a configurative whole (the circle and reconnected conditions), while the remaining shape had no complete global element (broken circle). Performance matched the results found in the previous experiments using this stimulus set, where a configural superiority effect was found to influence accuracy over time...
December 2, 2016: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915210/functional-brain-imaging-of-walking-while-talking-an-fnirs-study
#2
Florian G Metzger, Ann-Christine Ehlis, Florian B Haeussinger, Patrick Schneeweiss, Justin Hudak, Andreas J Fallgatter, Sabrina Schneider
Since functional imaging of whole body movements is not feasible with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), the present study presents in vivo functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) as a suitable technique to measure body movement effects on fronto-temporo-parietal cortical activation in single and dual task paradigms. Previous fNIRS applications in studies addressing whole body movements were typically limited to the assessment of prefrontal brain areas. The current study investigated brain activation in the frontal, temporal and parietal cortex of both hemispheres using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) with two large 4 x 4 probe-sets with 24 channels each during single and dual gait tasks...
November 30, 2016: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909403/cortical-sensorimotor-processing-of-painful-pressure-in-patients-with-chronic-lower-back-pain-an-optical-neuroimaging-study-using-fnirs
#3
Andrea Vrana, Michael L Meier, Sabina Hotz-Boendermaker, Barry K Humphreys, Felix Scholkmann
In this study we investigated sensorimotor processing of painful pressure stimulation on the lower back of patients with chronic lower back pain (CLBP) by using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) to measure changes in cerebral hemodynamics and oxygenation. The main objectives were whether patients with CLBP show different relative changes in oxy- and deoxyhemoglobin ([O2Hb] and [HHb]) in the supplementary motor area (SMA) and primary somatosensory cortex (S1) compared to healthy controls (HC). Twelve patients with CLBP (32 ± 6...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909011/age-dependent-effects-of-catechol-o-methyltransferase-comt-gene-val158met-polymorphism-on-language-function-in-developing-children
#4
Lisa Sugiura, Tomoko Toyota, Hiroko Matsuba-Kurita, Yoshimi Iwayama, Reiko Mazuka, Takeo Yoshikawa, Hiroko Hagiwara
The genetic basis controlling language development remains elusive. Previous studies of the catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) Val(158)Met genotype and cognition have focused on prefrontally guided executive functions involving dopamine. However, COMT may further influence posterior cortical regions implicated in language perception. We investigated whether COMT influences language ability and cortical language processing involving the posterior language regions in 246 children aged 6-10 years. We assessed language ability using a language test and cortical responses recorded during language processing using a word repetition task and functional near-infrared spectroscopy...
November 30, 2016: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895992/subtraction-based-approach-for-enhancing-the-depth-sensitivity-of-time-resolved-nirs
#5
Daniel Milej, Androu Abdalmalak, Peter McLachlan, Mamadou Diop, Adam Liebert, Keith St Lawrence
The aim of this study was to evaluate enhancing of the depth sensitivity of time-resolved near-infrared spectroscopy with a subtraction-based approach. Due to the complexity of light propagation in a heterogeneous media, and to prove the validity of the proposed method in a heterogeneous turbid media we conducted a broad analysis taking into account a number of parameters related to the method as well as various parameters of this media. The results of these experiments confirm that the depth sensitivity of the subtraction-based approach is better than classical approaches using continuous-wave or time-resolved methods...
November 1, 2016: Biomedical Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895985/multi-channel-multi-distance-broadband-near-infrared-spectroscopy-system-to-measure-the-spatial-response-of-cellular-oxygen-metabolism-and-tissue-oxygenation
#6
Phong Phan, David Highton, Jonathan Lai, Martin Smith, Clare Elwell, Ilias Tachtsidis
We present a multi-channel, multi-distance broadband near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) system with the capability of measuring changes in haemoglobin concentrations (Δ[HbO2], Δ[HHb]), oxidation state of cytochrome-c-oxidase (Δ[oxCCO]) and tissue oxygen saturation (TOI) in the adult human brain. The main components of the instrument are two customized spectrographs and two light sources. Each spectrograph is lens-based to improve light throughput, has a grating enhanced to optimise reflection in the near-infrared (NIR) spectral region and uses a front illuminated cooled CCD camera (-70° C) with a square chip dimension of 12...
November 1, 2016: Biomedical Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894901/bilingualism-yields-language-specific-plasticity-in-left-hemisphere-s-circuitry-for-learning-to-read-in-young-children
#7
K K Jasińska, M S Berens, I Kovelman, L A Petitto
How does bilingual exposure impact children's neural circuitry for learning to read? Theories of bilingualism suggests that exposure to two languages may yield a functional and neuroanatomical adaptation to support the learning of two languages (Klein et al., 2014). To test the hypothesis that this neural adaptation may vary as a function of structural and orthographic characteristics of bilinguals' two languages, we compared Spanish-English and French-English bilingual children, and English monolingual children, using functional Near Infrared Spectroscopy neuroimaging (fNIRS, ages 6-10, N = 26)...
November 25, 2016: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884955/effect-of-exercise-induced-muscle-damage-on-vascular-function-and-skeletal-muscle-microvascular-deoxygenation
#8
Jacob T Caldwell, Garrett C Wardlow, Patrece A Branch, Macarena Ramos, Christopher D Black, Carl J Ade
This paper investigated the effects of unaccustomed eccentric exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD) on macro- and microvascular function. We tested the hypotheses that resting local and systemic endothelial-dependent flow-mediated dilation (FMD) and microvascular reactivity would decrease, V˙O2max would be altered, and that during ramp exercise, peripheral O2 extraction, evaluated via near-infrared-derived spectroscopy (NIRS) derived deoxygenated hemoglobin + myoglobin ([HHb]), would be distorted following EIMD In 13 participants, measurements were performed prior to (Pre) and 48 h after a bout of knee extensor eccentric exercise designed to elicit localized muscle damage (Post)...
November 2016: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877887/in-vitro-biomechanical-properties-fluorescence-imaging-surface-enhanced-raman-spectroscopy-and-photothermal-therapy-evaluation-of-luminescent-functionalized-camoo4-eu-au-hybrid-nanorods-on-human-lung-adenocarcinoma-epithelial-cells
#9
Qifei Li, Abdul K Parchur, Anhong Zhou
Highly dispersible Eu(3+)-doped CaMoO4@Au-nanorod hybrid nanoparticles (HNPs) exhibit optical properties, such as plasmon resonances in the near-infrared region at 790 nm and luminescence at 615 nm, offering multimodal capabilities: fluorescence imaging, surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) detection and photothermal therapy (PTT). HNPs were conjugated with a Raman reporter (4-mercaptobenzoic acid), showing a desired SERS signal (enhancement factor 5.0 × 10(5)). The HNPs have a heat conversion efficiency of 25...
2016: Science and Technology of Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872636/analyzing-brain-functions-by-subject-classification-of-functional-near-infrared-spectroscopy-data-using-convolutional-neural-networks-analysis
#10
Satoru Hiwa, Kenya Hanawa, Ryota Tamura, Keisuke Hachisuka, Tomoyuki Hiroyasu
Functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) is suitable for noninvasive mapping of relative changes in regional cortical activity but is limited for quantitative comparisons among cortical sites, subjects, and populations. We have developed a convolutional neural network (CNN) analysis method that learns feature vectors for accurate identification of group differences in fNIRS responses. In this study, subject gender was classified using CNN analysis of fNIRS data. fNIRS data were acquired from male and female subjects during a visual number memory task performed in a white noise environment because previous studies had revealed that the pattern of cortical blood flow during the task differed between males and females...
2016: Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867700/mental-stress-assessment-using-simultaneous-measurement-of-eeg-and-fnirs
#11
Fares Al-Shargie, Masashi Kiguchi, Nasreen Badruddin, Sarat C Dass, Ahmad Fadzil Mohammad Hani, Tong Boon Tang
Previous studies reported mental stress as one of the major contributing factors leading to various diseases such as heart attack, depression and stroke. An accurate stress assessment method may thus be of importance to clinical intervention and disease prevention. We propose a joint independent component analysis (jICA) based approach to fuse simultaneous measurement of electroencephalography (EEG) and functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) on the prefrontal cortex (PFC) as a means of stress assessment...
October 1, 2016: Biomedical Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867699/characterization-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-with-spontaneous-hemodynamic-activity
#12
Jun Li, Lina Qiu, Lingyu Xu, Ernest V Pedapati, Craig A Erickson, Ulas Sunar
Functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) was used to investigate spontaneous hemodynamic activity in the temporal cortex for typically developing (TD) children and children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Forty-seven children participated in the experiments including twenty-five with ASD. Compared with TD children, children with ASD showed weaker bilateral resting-state functional connectivity (RSFC), but much stronger fluctuation magnitude in terms of oxy-hemoglobin (HbO2) and deoxy-hemoglobin (Hb)...
October 1, 2016: Biomedical Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867696/quantification-of-extra-cerebral-and-cerebral-hemoglobin-concentrations-during-physical-exercise-using-time-domain-near-infrared-spectroscopy
#13
Héloïse Auger, Louis Bherer, Étienne Boucher, Richard Hoge, Frédéric Lesage, Mathieu Dehaes
Fitness is known to have beneficial effects on brain anatomy and function. However, the understanding of mechanisms underlying immediate and long-term neurophysiological changes due to exercise is currently incomplete due to the lack of tools to investigate brain function during physical activity. In this study, we used time-domain near infrared spectroscopy (TD-NIRS) to quantify and discriminate extra-cerebral and cerebral hemoglobin concentrations and oxygen saturation (SO2) in young adults at rest and during incremental intensity exercise...
October 1, 2016: Biomedical Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862468/response-to-letter-from-tremblay-king-nirs-can-it-measure-conduit-artery-endothelial-function
#14
Kaitlin M McLay, Federico Y Fontana, Josh P Nederveen, Donald H Paterson, Silvia Pogliaghi, Juan M Murias
We thank Tremblay and King for their interest in our publication (McLay et al., 2016a), which has since been followed up with studies by McLay et al. (McLay et al., 2016c, 2016b). In these studies, it is suggested that the near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS)-derived measure of tissue oxygen saturation (StO2 ), specifically the reperfusion rate (Slope 2) following a brief period of ischemia, can be easily applied as a reliable, non-invasive measure of vascular reactivity (McLay et al., 2016a, 2016c, 2016b)...
November 11, 2016: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858329/saving-mental-effort-to-maintain-physical-effort-a-shift-of-activity-within-the-prefrontal-cortex-in-anticipation-of-prolonged-exercise
#15
Rémi Radel, Jeanick Brisswalter, Stéphane Perrey
Executive functioning and attention require mental effort. In line with the resource conservation principle, we hypothesized that mental effort would be saved when individuals expected to exercise for a long period. Twenty-two study participants exercised twice on a cycle ergometer for 10 min at 60% of their maximal aerobic power, with the expectation of exercising for either 10 min or 60 min. Changes in activity in the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (rdlPFC) and right medial frontal cortex (rmPFC) were investigated by measuring oxyhemoglobin using near-infrared spectroscopy...
November 17, 2016: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849355/acute-cocoa-flavanol-improves-cerebral-oxygenation-without-enhancing-executive-function-at-rest-or-after-exercise
#16
Lieselot Decroix, Cajsa Tonoli, Danusa D Soares, Semah Tagougui, Elsa Heyman, Romain Meeusen
Acute exercise-induced improvements in cognitive function are accompanied by increased (cerebral) blood flow and increased brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels. Acute cocoa flavanol (CF) intake may improve cognitive function, cerebral blood flow (in humans), and BNDF levels (in animals). This study investigated (i) the effect of CF intake in combination with exercise on cognitive function and (ii) cerebral hemodynamics and BDNF in response to CF intake and exercise. Twelve healthy men participated in this randomized, double-blind, crossover study...
December 2016: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847475/left-lateral-prefrontal-activity-reflects-a-change-of-behavioral-tactics-to-cope-with-a-given-rule-an-fnirs-study
#17
Naoki Miura, Naoko Shirasawa, Shin'ichiro Kanoh
Rules prescribe human behavior and our attempts to choose appropriate behavior under a given rule. Cognitive control, a mechanism to choose and evaluate actions under a rule, is required to determine the appropriate behavior within the limitations of that rule. Consequently, such cognitive control increases mental workload. However, the workload caused by a cognitive task might be different when an additional rule must be considered in choosing the action. The present study was a functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) investigation of an experimental task, in which the difficulty of an operation and existence of an additional rule were manipulated to dissociate the influence of that additional rule on cognitive processing...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846984/extractive-scintillating-polymer-sensors-for-trace-level-detection-of-uranium-in-contaminated-ground-water
#18
Christine E Duval, Timothy A DeVol, Scott M Husson
This contribution describes the synthesis of robust extractive scintillating resin and its use in a flow-cell detector for the direct detection of uranium in environmental waters. The base poly[(4-methyl styrene)-co-(4-vinylbenzyl chloride)-co-(divinylbenzene)-co-(2-(1-napthyl)-4-vinyl-5-phenyloxazole)] resin contains covalently bound fluorophores. Uranium-binding functionality was added to the resin by an Arbuzov reaction followed by hydrolysis via strong acid or trimethylsilyl bromide (TMSBr)-mediated methanolysis...
December 1, 2016: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846398/cortical-activation-during-balancing-on-a-balance-board
#19
Fabian Herold, Katja Orlowski, Sabrina Börmel, Notger G Müller
BACKGROUND: Keeping one's balance is a complex motor task which requires the integration and processing of different sensory information. For this, higher cortical processes are essential. However, in the past research dedicated to the brain's involvement in balance control has predominantly used virtual reality paradigms whilst little is known about cortical activation during the challenging balancing on unstable surfaces (e.g. balance board). Hence, the main goal of this study was the simultaneous evaluation of cortical activation patterns and sway parameters during balancing on a balance board...
November 12, 2016: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843695/a-machine-learning-approach-to-identify-functional-biomarkers-in-human-prefrontal-cortex-for-individuals-with-traumatic-brain-injury-using-functional-near-infrared-spectroscopy
#20
Nader Karamzadeh, Franck Amyot, Kimbra Kenney, Afrouz Anderson, Fatima Chowdhry, Hadis Dashtestani, Eric M Wassermann, Victor Chernomordik, Claude Boccara, Edward Wegman, Ramon Diaz-Arrastia, Amir H Gandjbakhche
BACKGROUND: We have explored the potential prefrontal hemodynamic biomarkers to characterize subjects with Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) by employing the multivariate machine learning approach and introducing a novel task-related hemodynamic response detection followed by a heuristic search for optimum set of hemodynamic features. To achieve this goal, the hemodynamic response from a group of 31 healthy controls and 30 chronic TBI subjects were recorded as they performed a complexity task...
November 2016: Brain and Behavior
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