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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922908/vitamin-d-status-in-internationally-adopted-children-the-experience-in-northwest-italy
#1
Irene Raffaldi, Silvia Garazzino, Giuseppina Ballardini, Mauro Zaffaroni, Nicolino Grasso, Gianni Bona, Pier-Angelo Tovo, Andrea Guala
BACKGROUND: The majority of internationally adopted children, before adoption, might have experienced malnutrition, exposure to infectious diseases, environmental deprivation and neglect; they could also develop medical problems such as vitamin D deficiency. Scantly data are available about vitamin D status in internationally adopted children and, to our knowledge, no report exists on Italian adoptees. METHODS: We carried out a prospective multicenter study, involving three Pediatric Centers in Piedmont, Italy, in order to collect information about 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] profile in adoptees, shortly after their arrival in Italy...
September 15, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921748/increased-risk-organ-transplantation-in-the-pediatric-population
#2
Sean M Wrenn, Peter W Callas, Trishul Kapoor, Alia F Aunchman, Adam N Paine, Jaime A Pineda, Carlos E Marroquin
IRD organs are classified by the Public Health Service to be at above-average risk for harboring human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis C, and hepatitis B. Traditionally underutilized, there exists even greater reluctance for their use in pediatric patients. We performed a retrospective analysis via the United Network for Organ Sharing database of all pediatric renal and hepatic transplants performed from 2004 to 2008 in the United States. Primary outcomes were patient and graft survival. Proportional hazards regression was performed to control for potentially confounding factors...
September 17, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915908/advances-in-paediatrics-in-2016-current-practices-and-challenges-in-allergy-autoimmune-diseases-cardiology-endocrinology-gastroenterology-infectious-diseases-neonatology-nephrology-neurology-nutrition-pulmonology
#3
REVIEW
Carlo Caffarelli, Francesca Santamaria, Dora Di Mauro, Carla Mastrorilli, Silvia Montella, Sergio Bernasconi
This review reports main progresses in various pediatric issues published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics and in international journals in 2016. New insights in clinical features or complications of several disorders may be useful for our better understanding. They comprise severe asthma, changing features of lupus erythematosus from birth to adolescence, celiac disease, functional gastrointestinal disorders, Moebius syndrome, recurrent pneumonia. Risk factors for congenital heart defects, Kawasaki disease have been widely investigated...
September 16, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915796/correlates-of-isoniazid-preventive-therapy-failure-in-child-household-contacts-with-infectious-tuberculosis-in-high-burden-settings-in-nairobi-kenya-a-cohort-study
#4
Florence Nafula Okwara, John Paul Oyore, Fred Nabwire Were, Samson Gwer
BACKGROUND: Sub-Saharan Africa continues to document high pediatric tuberculosis (TB) burden, especially among the urban poor. One recommended preventive strategy involves tracking and isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) for children under 5 years in close contact with infectious TB. However, sub-optimal effectiveness has been documented in diverse settings. We conducted a study to elucidate correlates to IPT strategy failure in children below 5 years in high burden settings. METHODS: A prospective longitudinal cohort study was done in informal settlings in Nairobi, where children under 5 years in household contact with recently diagnosed smear positive TB adults were enrolled...
September 16, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914333/-acute-skin-infections-and-their-imitators-in-children-a-photo-quiz
#5
REVIEW
M Theiler, A Schwieger-Briel, L Weibel
BACKGROUND: Skin infections account for 40% of emergency visits in pediatric dermatology. It is important to promptly recognize skin infections with potential complications and initiate treatment. However some characteristic skin findings may imitate skin infections and are often misdiagnosed. OBJECTIVES: To illustrate frequent pediatric skin infections and pitfalls in view of imitators and differential diagnoses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A photo quiz is presented with the discussion of a selection of acute pediatric skin infections in comparison to their infectious or noninfectious differential diagnoses...
September 15, 2017: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904571/transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-as-an-additional-diagnostic-tool-in-children-with-acute-inflammatory-demyelinating-polyneuropathy
#6
Voitenkov Vladislav Voitenkov, Klimkin Andrey, Skripchenko Natalia, Aksenova Anastasia
CONTEXT: The diagnosis of polyneuropathy may be challenging at the early stages of the disease. Despite electromyography (EMG) efficacy in the establishment of polyneuropathy diagnosis, in some cases, results are dubious and neurophysiologists may implement additional techniques to ensure that conduction is affected. AIMS: The aim of the study was to evaluate motor-evoked potential (MEP) characteristics in children with acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP)...
April 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904072/validation-of-a-novel-assay-to-distinguish-bacterial-and-viral-infections
#7
Isaac Srugo, Adi Klein, Michal Stein, Orit Golan-Shany, Nogah Kerem, Irina Chistyakov, Jacob Genizi, Oded Glazer, Liat Yaniv, Alina German, Dan Miron, Yael Shachor-Meyouhas, Ellen Bamberger, Kfir Oved, Tanya M Gottlieb, Roy Navon, Meital Paz, Liat Etshtein, Olga Boico, Gali Kronenfeld, Eran Eden, Robert Cohen, Helène Chappuy, François Angoulvant, Laurence Lacroix, Alain Gervaix
BACKGROUND: Reliably distinguishing bacterial from viral infections is often challenging, leading to antibiotic misuse. A novel assay that integrates measurements of blood-borne host-proteins (tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand, interferon γ-induced protein-10, and C-reactive protein [CRP]) was developed to assist in differentiation between bacterial and viral disease. METHODS: We performed double-blind, multicenter assay evaluation using serum remnants collected at 5 pediatric emergency departments and 2 wards from children ≥3 months to ≤18 years without (n = 68) and with (n = 529) suspicion of acute infection...
September 13, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903515/update-from-the-advisory-committee-on-immunization-practices
#8
Sean T O'Leary, Yvonne A Maldonado, Carrie L Byington
The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP), a group of medical and public health experts, meets 3 times per year to develop recommendations for vaccine use in the United States. The group has 15 voting members, and each member's term is 4 years. ACIP members and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) staff discuss the epidemiology of vaccine-preventable diseases and vaccine research, effectiveness, safety data, and clinical trial results. Representatives from the American Academy of Pediatrics (C...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894730/specialty-grand-challenge-in-pediatric-infectious-diseases
#9
EDITORIAL
Philippe Lepage, Sophie Blumental
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888028/effect-of-reduced-intensity-conditioning-and-the-risk-of-late-onset-non-infectious-pulmonary-complications-in-pediatric-patients
#10
Masayuki Nagasawa, Noriko Mitsuiki, Yuki Aoki, Toshiaki Ono, Takeshi Isoda, Kohsuke Imai, Masatoshi Takagi, Michiko Kajiwara, Hirokazu Kanegane, Tomohiro Morio
OBJECTIVE: Late-onset non-infectious pulmonary complications (LONIPCs) contribute to higher morbidity and mortality after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Therefore, we investigated the risk factors of LONIPCs in pediatric patients. METHOD: Between 2001 and 2011, 74 pediatric patients (range, 7 months to 22.7 years old; median 6.5 years old), including 29 with a primary immunodeficiency underwent 80 allo-HSCTs at our institution. Sixty-seven patients who survived more than 3 months after allo-HSCT were analyzed retrospectively...
September 9, 2017: European Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885390/epidemiology-of-admissions-from-the-emergency-department-among-febrile-infants-younger-than-90-days-in-the-united-states-2002-to-2012
#11
Diana K Nguyen, Ross J Fleischman, Scott Friedlander, Kenneth M Zangwill
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Febrile infants younger than 90 days are often subjected to invasive diagnostic evaluation and hospitalization to monitor for serious bacterial infection (SBI) despite recent changes in SBI risk and advances in diagnostics. Nationwide provider practices, over time, are unknown for this group. Our objective was to determine the likelihood of admission and associated complications of care for such infants, particularly those at lowest risk for SBI. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study including multisite emergency department (ED) visits using administrative data from the Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network Core Data Project...
September 5, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884825/parental-versus-non-parental-directed-donation-an-11-year-experience-of-infectious-disease-testing-at-a-pediatric-tertiary-care-blood-donor-center
#12
Cyril Jacquot, Andrew Seo, Peter M Miller, Niara Lezama, Valli R Criss, Camilla Colvin, Naomi L C Luban, Edward C C Wong
BACKGROUND: Directed donation is associated with a higher prevalence of donations that are positive for infectious disease markers; however, little is known about the positive rates among parental-directed, non-parental-directed, and allogeneic donations. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We reviewed blood-collection records from January 1997 through December 2008, including infectious disease results, among parental, non-parental, and community donations. Infectious disease rates were compared by Mann-Whitney U test...
September 8, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883971/vaccination-of-hiv-infected-pregnant-women-implications-for-protection-of-their-young-infants
#13
REVIEW
Ziyaad Dangor, Marta C Nunes, Gaurav Kwatra, Sanjay G Lala, Shabir A Madhi
BACKGROUND: The prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV has resulted in reduced burden of pediatric HIV-infection, but the prevalence of maternal HIV infection remains high in sub-Saharan African countries. HIV-exposed-uninfected infants have an increased risk of morbidity and mortality due to infectious diseases than HIV-unexposed infants, particularly during the first six months of life, which in part might be due to lower levels of pathogen-specific protective antibodies acquired transplacentally from their mothers...
2017: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882583/clinical-and-epidemiological-characteristics-in-hospitalized-young-children-with-acute-gastroenteritis-in-southern-taiwan-according-to-major-pathogens
#14
Ning Chung, Shih-Min Wang, Ching-Fen Shen, Fu-Chun Kuo, Tzong-Shiann Ho, Chao Agnes Hsiung, Jung-Jung Mu, Fang-Tzy Wu, Li-Min Huang, Yi-Chuan Huang, Yhu-Chering Huang, Hsin Chi, Hsiao-Chuan Lin, Ching-Chuan Liu
BACKGROUND: Acute gastroenteritis (AGE) can be caused by a wide array of pathogens, including bacteria, viruses, and parasites. A prospective study to investigate the epidemiology and clinical presentation in young children hospitalized with AGE was conducted in a medical center in southern Taiwan. METHODS: Patients aged less than 5 years who was hospitalized due to AGE in National Cheng Kung University Hospital were enrolled from July 2014 to June 2016. The demographic information, clinical features and laboratory data were collected by chart reviews, and stool samples were sent to Centers of Disease Control, Taiwan (Taiwan CDC) for a panel of pathogen identification consisting of two viruses, nine bacteria, and five parasites...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875609/epidemiological-correlation-between-fecal-adenovirus-subgroups-and-pediatric-intussusception-in-korea
#15
Jooyoung Jang, Yeoun Joo Lee, Joon Sung Kim, Ju Young Chung, Soohee Chang, Kunsong Lee, Byung Ho Choe, Suk Jin Hong, Jae Seok Song, Kie Young Park
We investigated the adenoviral etiology and seasonal epidemic trends in intussusception and each adenoviral subgroup. Also we confirmed whether we can use the adenovirus data of Acute Infectious Agents Laboratory Surveillance Report (AIALSR) as an epidemic predictor of intussusception. Patients with intussusception (n = 126), < 5 years old, were enrolled and matched by age and sex with controls suffering acute gastroenteritis without intussusception (n = 106), all recruited at 8 centers. All fecal specimens were assayed for adenovirus, including subgroups A, B, C, E, and F, with reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)...
October 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874194/prophylactic-antibiotic-use-in-pediatric-patients-undergoing-urinary-tract-catheterization-a-survey-of-members-of-the-society-for-pediatric-urology
#16
Alexander P Glaser, Ilina Rosoklija, Emilie K Johnson, Elizabeth B Yerkes
BACKGROUND: Current organizational guidelines regarding use of antibiotics during urinary tract catheterization are based on limited evidence and are not directly applicable to the pediatric urology population. We seek to improve understanding of this population by first evaluating current practices. This study aims to investigate practice patterns and attitudes of pediatric urologists regarding the use of antibiotics in the setting of urinary tract catheterization. METHODS: An online survey was sent to members of the Society for Pediatric Urology...
September 6, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870977/recommendations-for-prevention-and-control-of-influenza-in-children-2017-2018
#17
(no author information available yet)
This statement updates the recommendations for routine use of the seasonal influenza vaccine and antiviral medications for the prevention and treatment of influenza in children. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends annual seasonal influenza immunization for everyone 6 months and older, including children and adolescents. Highlights for the upcoming 2017-2018 season include the following:1. Annual universal influenza immunization is indicated with either a trivalent or quadrivalent (no preference) inactivated vaccine;2...
September 4, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861733/patterns-of-uveitis-in-children-at-the-apex-institute-for-eye-care-in-india-analysis-and-review-of-literature
#18
Brijesh Takkar, Pradeep Venkatesh, Nripen Gaur, Sat Pal Garg, Rajpal Vohra, Supriyo Ghose
AIM: To study patterns of uveitis in Indian children and compare with data sets published earlier in the literature. METHODS: Consecutive patients below 16 years of age presenting to the uvea clinic of a tertiary eye care center were included prospectively through the period of July 2009-August 2013. Children with retinal vasculitis, exogenous endophthalmitis and masquerade syndromes were excluded from analysis. Uveitis was classified as per the nomenclature system adopted by the International Uveitis Study Group...
August 31, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854967/innovative-dressing-and-securement-of-tunneled-central-venous-access-devices-in-pediatrics-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Amanda J Ullman, Tricia Kleidon, Victoria Gibson, Craig A McBride, Gabor Mihala, Marie Cooke, Claire M Rickard
BACKGROUND: Central venous access device (CVAD) associated complications are a preventable source of patient harm, frequently resulting in morbidity and delays to vital treatment. Dressing and securement products are used to prevent infectious and mechanical complications, however current complication rates suggest customary practices are inadequate. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of launching a full-scale randomized controlled efficacy trial of innovative dressing and securement products for pediatric tunneled CVAD to prevent complication and failure...
August 30, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852682/the-intestinal-microbiome-in-infectious-diseases-the-clinical-relevance-of-a-rapidly-emerging-field
#20
REVIEW
Vanessa C Harris, Bastiaan W Haak, Michaël Boele van Hensbroek, Willem J Wiersinga
The field of infectious disease is undergoing a paradigm shift as the intestinal microbiome is becoming understood. The aim of this review is to inform infectious disease physicians of the potential relevance of the intestinal microbiome to their practice. We searched Medline using both index and text words relating to infectious diseases, microbiome, and probiotics. Relevant articles published up through 2017 were reviewed within Rayyan. The review illustrates pathophysiologic concepts linking the microbiome and infectious diseases; specifically, the intestinal microbiome's relevance to early immune development, the microbiome and enteric infections, the microbiome's relevance in compromised hosts, and antimicrobial resistance...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
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