keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Introspection

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909417/defining-contemplative-science-the-metacognitive-self-regulatory-capacity-of-the-mind-context-of-meditation-practice-and-modes-of-existential-awareness
#1
Dusana Dorjee
The term 'contemplative' is now frequently used in the fast growing field of meditation research. Yet, there is no consensus regarding the definition of contemplative science. Meditation studies commonly imply that contemplative practices such as mindfulness or compassion are the subject of contemplative science. Such approach, arguably, contributes to terminological confusions in the field, is not conducive to the development of an overarching theory in contemplative science, and overshadows its unique methodological features...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858712/self-consciousness-deficits-in-alzheimer-s-disease-and-frontotemporal-dementia
#2
Eva Ma Arroyo-Anlló, Adèle Turpin Boustonb, Marie-Noëlle Fargeau, Begoña Orgaz Baz, Roger Gil
Self-consciousness (SC) is multifaceted and considered to be the consciousness of one's own mental states. The main aim of this paper is to compare SC in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD). Three groups (control and patient groups) of 23 subjects each were assessed using an SC questionnaire. Both types of dementia clearly induce an alteration of SC. The bvFTD group showed a greater impairment in SC than the AD and control groups. The SC score was strongly associated with frontal functions...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831712/what-were-they-thinking-reducing-sunk-cost-bias-in-a-life-span-sample
#3
JoNell Strough, Wändi Bruine de Bruin, Andrew M Parker, Tara Karns, Philip Lemaster, Nipat Pichayayothin, Rebecca Delaney, Rachel Stoiko
We tested interventions to reduce "sunk-cost bias," the tendency to continue investing in failing plans even when those plans have soured and are no longer rewarding. We showed members of a national U.S. life-span panel a hypothetical scenario about a failing plan that was halfway complete. Participants were randomly assigned to an intervention to focus on how to improve the situation, an intervention to focus on thoughts and feelings, or a no-intervention control group. First, we found that the thoughts and feelings intervention reduced sunk-cost bias in decisions about project completion, as compared to the improvement intervention and the no-intervention control...
November 2016: Psychology and Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825020/are-participants-reports-of-their-own-reaction-times-reliable-re-examining-introspective-limitations-in-active-and-passive-dual-task-paradigms
#4
Donna Bryce, Daniel Bratzke
There is a known introspective limitation in the Psychological Refractory Period (PRP) paradigm - people underestimate the dual-task costs on their second reaction time. The prevailing explanation for this is that conscious awareness of the second stimulus is delayed in time until the first task has been centrally processed. Here, we examined this effect in more detail, by comparing reaction time estimates after processing a PRP task, and after passively experiencing 'replays' of PRP trials. Even when participants had no dual-task processing demands, they did not accurately report the reaction time intervals using a visual analogue scale (the original reporting method of most introspective PRP experiments), but they did when placing markers that represent each event on a timeline...
November 5, 2016: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810726/introspective-access-to-implicit-shifts-of-attention
#5
Gabriel Reyes, Jérôme Sackur
Literature in metacognition has systematically rejected the possibility of introspective access to complex cognitive processes. This situation derives from the difficulty of experimentally manipulating cognitive processes while abiding by the two contradictory constraints. First, participants must not be aware of the experimental manipulation, otherwise they run the risk of incorporating their knowledge of the experimental manipulation in some rational elaboration. Second, we need an external, third person perspective evidence that the experimental manipulation did impact some relevant cognitive processes...
October 31, 2016: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810345/classical-hallucinogens-and-neuroimaging-a-systematic-review-of-human-studies-hallucinogens-and-neuroimaging
#6
REVIEW
Rafael G Dos Santos, Flávia L Osório, José Alexandre S Crippa, Jaime E C Hallak
Serotonergic hallucinogens produce alterations of perceptions, mood, and cognition, and have anxiolytic, antidepressant, and antiaddictive properties. These drugs act as agonists of frontocortical 5-HT2A receptors, but the neural basis of their effects are not well understood. Thus, we conducted a systematic review of neuroimaging studies analyzing the effects of serotonergic hallucinogens in man. Studies published in the PubMed, Lilacs, and SciELO databases until 12 April 2016 were included using the following keywords: "ayahuasca", "DMT", "psilocybin", "LSD", "mescaline" crossed one by one with the terms "mri", "fmri", "pet", "spect", "imaging" and "neuroimaging"...
October 31, 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797147/phenomenal-intentionality-and-color-experience
#7
Jennifer Matey
Phenomenal intentionality is a view about the representational content of conscious experiences that grounds the content of experiences in their phenomenal character. The view is motivated by evidence from introspection, as well as theoretical considerations and intuitions. This paper discusses one potential problem with the view. The view has difficulty accounting for the intentionality of color experiences. Versions of the view either fail to count things as part of the content of color experience that should be counted, resulting in verdicts that some color experiences are inaccurate which should not be, or they admit properties as part of their contents that ought not to be admitted, resulting in color experiences being considered to be accurate when they ought not to be considered so...
October 31, 2016: Topics in Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779906/medial-prefrontal-medial-temporal-theta-phase-coupling-in-dynamic-spatial-imagery
#8
Raphael Kaplan, Daniel Bush, James A Bisby, Aidan J Horner, Sofie S Meyer, Neil Burgess
Hippocampal-medial prefrontal interactions are thought to play a crucial role in mental simulation. Notably, the frontal midline/medial pFC (mPFC) theta rhythm in humans has been linked to introspective thought and working memory. In parallel, theta rhythms have been proposed to coordinate processing in the medial temporal cortex, retrosplenial cortex (RSc), and parietal cortex during the movement of viewpoint in imagery, extending their association with physical movement in rodent models. Here, we used noninvasive whole-head MEG to investigate theta oscillatory power and phase-locking during the 18-sec postencoding delay period of a spatial working memory task, in which participants imagined previously learned object sequences either on a blank background (object maintenance), from a first-person viewpoint in a scene (static imagery), or moving along a path past the objects (dynamic imagery)...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767382/metacognition-and-cognitive-control-behavioural-adaptation-requires-conflict-experience
#9
Laurence Questienne, Filip Van Opstal, Jean-Philippe van Dijck, Wim Gevers
Cognitive control allows adapting our behaviour to improve performance. A behavioural signature of cognitive control is the Gratton effect. This effect is observed in conflict tasks and indicates smaller congruency effects after incongruent trials than after congruent trials. Metacognitive experience may play a role in this effect: when participants introspect on their conflict experience, the Gratton effect follows the conflict introspection instead of the stimulus congruency (Desender, Van Opstal, & Van den Bussche, 2014)...
October 21, 2016: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733981/impact-of-headaches-on-university-students-in-durban-south-africa
#10
Jyotika Basdav, Firoza Haffejee, T Puckree
BACKGROUND: Introspection into the factors that affect student success at higher education institutions has gained significant momentum in recent years. Teaching and learning has come under the spotlight with quality enhancement and teaching development funding focussing on student support, enhancing the student environment, and enhancing academics as teachers. Included in this are aspects that try to understand the student. An aspect that is not receiving attention is student health, specifically headaches which could impact student success...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719628/consciousness-functional-networks-and-delirium-screening
#11
Eamonn Eeles, Hana Burianova, Shaun Pandy, Donna Pinsker
Consciousness, the medium of sentient thought, requires integrity of functional networks and their connectivity. In health, they function as a co-operative but mutually exclusive paradigm of introspection versus external awareness subserved via the Default Mode Network and Task Positive State respectively. Higher thinking is segregated according to need, but this relationship is impacted in disorders of consciousness. In delirium, a disturbance of consciousness, the Default Mode Network is pathologically co-activated and functional cortical connectivity is compromised...
October 4, 2016: Current Aging Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716436/are-ethical-norms-and-current-policies-still-relevant-in-face-of-the-recent-mass-terror-events
#12
Tomer Simon, Avishay Goldberg, Bruria Adini
The widespread utilization of social media in recent terror attacks in major European cities should raise a "red flag" for the emergency medical response teams. The question arises as to the impact of social media during terror events on the healthcare system. Information was published well before any emergency authority received a distress call or was requested to respond. Photos published at early stages of the attacks, through social media were uncensored, presenting identifiable pictures of victims. Technological advancements of recent years decrease and remove barriers that enable the public to use them as they see fit...
October 4, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695407/preserved-self-evaluation-in-amnesia-supports-access-to-the-self-through-introspective-computation
#13
Aurelija Juskenaite, Peggy Quinette, Mickaël Laisney, Marie-Loup Eustache, Béatrice Desgranges, Fausto Viader, Francis Eustache
Encounters with new people result in the extraction and storage in memory of both their external features, allowing us to recognize them later, and their internal traits, allowing us to better control our current interactions with them and anticipate our future ones. Just as we extract, encode, store, retrieve and update the representations of others so, too, do we process representations of ourselves. These representations, which rely on declarative memory, may be altered or cease to be accessible in amnesia...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594665/altered-neural-connectivity-in-adult-female-rats-exposed-to-early-life-social-stress
#14
Benjamin C Nephew, Wei Huang, Guillaume L Poirier, Laurellee Payne, Jean A King
The use of a variety of neuroanatomical techniques has led to a greater understanding of the adverse effects of stress on psychiatric health. One recent advance that has been particularly valuable is the development of resting state functional connectivity (RSFC) in clinical studies. The current study investigates changes in RSFC in F1 adult female rats exposed to the early life chronic social stress (ECSS) of the daily introduction of a novel male intruder to the cage of their F0 mothers while the F1 pups are in the cage...
January 1, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27552065/a-qualitative-study-on-the-practice-of-yoga-for-women-with-pain-associated-endometriosis
#15
Andrea Vasconcelos Gonçalves, Maria Y Makuch, Maria Silvia Setubal, Nelson Filice Barros, Luis Bahamondes
OBJECTIVES: To understand the meaning women with pain-associated endometriosis attribute to yoga practice regarding their physical and emotional state at the beginning of the practice; pain management by integrating body and mind; secondary benefits of the practice of yoga, such as self-knowledge, self-care, and autonomy; and the role of the yoga group as psychosocial support. DESIGN: Qualitative study conducted simultaneously with a randomized clinical trial. SETTING: Public university hospital in southeastern Brazil between August 2013 and December 2014...
August 23, 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27512319/elements-of-yogic-practice-perceptions-of-students-in-healthcare-programs
#16
Christiane Brems, Dharmakaya Colgan, Heather Freeman, Jillian Freitas, Lauren Justice, Margaret Shean, Kari Sulenes
BACKGROUND: The practice of yoga has a long history as an integrated lifestyle science. Those who have practiced yoga in its full form (including all eight traditional aspects) find that it touches almost every aspect of their inter- and intra-personal lives. Despite this rich history, the West has adopted limited aspects of yoga practice. When understood narrowly as a physical fitness practice, healthful benefits of yoga may be lost, possibly promoting body-consciousness and injury instead...
July 2016: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27507869/large-capacity-of-conscious-access-for-incidental-memories-in-natural-scenes
#17
Lisandro N Kaunitz, Elise G Rowe, Naotsugu Tsuchiya
When searching a crowd, people can detect a target face only by direct fixation and attention. Once the target is found, it is consciously experienced and remembered, but what is the perceptual fate of the fixated nontarget faces? Whereas introspection suggests that one may remember nontargets, previous studies have proposed that almost no memory should be retained. Using a gaze-contingent paradigm, we asked subjects to visually search for a target face within a crowded natural scene and then tested their memory for nontarget faces, as well as their confidence in those memories...
September 2016: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501925/health-sector-reform-time-to-introspect
#18
EDITORIAL
Arijita Dutta, Madhumita Dobe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501116/not-all-performance-validity-tests-are-created-equal-the-role-of-recollection-and-familiarity-in-the-test-of-memory-malingering-and-word-memory-test
#19
Graham M L Eglit, Julie K Lynch, Robert J McCaffrey
INTRODUCTION: The Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) and the Word Memory Test (WMT) are both performance validity tests (PVTs) that use a two-alternative forced-choice (2AFC) recognition memory format. Several studies have reported that these tests are susceptible to cognitive impairment and that the WMT is more susceptible than the TOMM. The current study explored components of recognition memory (i.e., conscious recollection and familiarity) underlying the TOMM and WMT to identify factors that make them susceptible and resilient to cognitive impairment...
August 8, 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27479809/the-daydreamer-exploring-the-personality-underpinnings-of-daydreaming-styles-and-their-implications-for-well-being
#20
Eve-Marie C Blouin-Hudon, John M Zelenski
In the present research, we looked at how positive-constructive daydreaming, guilty-dysphoric daydreaming, and poor attentional control associate with both broad (i.e., openness to experience) and specific (i.e., introspection) personality traits. A second aim was to determine how daydreaming styles were associated with psychological well-being. Across four studies, 1081 undergraduate (studies 1, 2, and 4) and MTurk (study 3) participants completed online questionnaires. A fixed-effect meta-analysis revealed that introspection was a significant predictor of both positive and negative daydreaming styles, but not a consistent predictor of poor attentional control...
August 2016: Consciousness and Cognition
keyword
keyword
93520
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"