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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344442/active-tuberculosis-case-finding-in-india-need-for-introspection
#1
Sharath Burugina Nagaraja, Srinath Satyanarayana, Suresh Shastri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 21, 2017: Public Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327617/presence-mourning-and-beauty-elements-of-analytic-process
#2
Henry C Markman
Analyst and patient occasionally arrive at moments of heightened meaning and aliveness. These moments can be transformative and lead to psychic change in the patient. They give life and arouse hope, and feel "real" in a new way, though often entailing emotional turbulence. Specific internal work must be done by the analyst to allow for and foster these experiences. This involves a kind of mourning process in the analyst that allows for "presence" and "availability" as described by Gabriel Marcel, and for the "at-one-ment" described by Bion...
December 2017: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315268/mirna-influences-in-neuroblast-modulation-an-introspective-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Vanessa Zammit, Byron Baron, Duncan Ayers
Neuroblastoma (NB) is the most common occurring solid paediatric cancer in children under the age of five years. Whether of familial or sporadic origin, chromosome abnormalities contribute to the development of NB and cause dysregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs). MiRNAs are small non-coding, single stranded RNAs that target messenger RNAs at the post-transcriptional levels by repressing translation within all facets of human physiology. Such gene 'silencing' activities by miRNAs allows the development of regulatory feedback loops affecting multiple functions within the cell, including the possible differentiation of neural stem cell (NSC) lineage selection...
January 9, 2018: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303048/body-mapping-as-a-youth-sexual-health-intervention-and-data-collection-tool
#4
Candice Lys, Dionne Gesink, Carol Strike, June Larkin
In this article, we describe and evaluate body mapping as (a) an arts-based activity within Fostering Open eXpression Among Youth (FOXY), an educational intervention targeting Northwest Territories (NWT) youth, and (b) a research data collection tool. Data included individual interviews with 41 female participants (aged 13-17 years) who attended FOXY body mapping workshops in six communities in 2013, field notes taken by the researcher during the workshops and interviews, and written reflections from seven FOXY facilitators on the body mapping process (from 2013 to 2016)...
January 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248882/-mutiny-on-the-crown-two-cases-of-rare-cephalic-malformations
#5
Kashish Khanna, Minu Bajpai, Alisha Gupta, Prabudh Goel
The presentation and management of two bizarre congenital cephalic curiosities at the two extremes of the clinical spectrum are discussed herewith. Case 1: presented to us as a neonate with a scalp swelling mirror-imaging her head and face. The journey from clinics to wards and to the operation theatre and to her home is introspected. Case 2: presented to us as dicephalous dibrachius dipus parapagus conjoined twins. The detailed work-up of individual organ systems, the multidisciplinary approach to management and the final outcome are discussed...
December 15, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247918/time-resolved-laser-fluorescence-spectroscopy-of-organic-ligands-by-europium-fluorescence-quenching-and-lifetime-properties
#6
A Nouhi, H Hajjoul, R Redon, J P Gagné, S Mounier
Time-resolved Laser Fluorescence Spectroscopy (TRLFS) has proved its usefulness in the fields of biophysics, life science and geochemistry to characterize the fluorescence probe molecule with its chemical environment. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the applicability of this powerful technique combined with Steady-State (S-S) measurements. A multi-mode factor analysis, in particular CP/PARAFAC, was used to analyze the interaction between Europium (Eu) and Humic substances (HSs) extracted from Saint Lawrence Estuary in Canada...
December 8, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245299/the-introspection-on-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-process-of-a-case-of-guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome-gbs-attributed-to-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-sle-a-case-report
#7
Nan Zhang, Jie Cao, Meng Zhao, Li Sun
RATIONALE: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune inflammatory connective tissue disorder. It may cause neurologic damage which is mainly characterized by central and mental system, while peripheral sexual damage is relatively rare in which Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS) as the first performance is more rare . GBS is an autoimmune peripheral neuropathy usually triggered by an antecedent bacterial or viral infection, with SLE being a rare cause. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 65-year-old male presented to the hospital with progressive numbness and adynamia in extremities...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219000/techniques-for-nothingness-debate-over-the-comparability-of-hypnosis-and-zen-in-early-twentieth-century-japan
#8
Yu-Chuan Wu
This paper explores a debate that took place in Japan in the early twentieth century over the comparability of hypnosis and Zen. The debate was among the first exchanges between psychology and Buddhism in Japan, and it cast doubt on previous assumptions that a clear boundary existed between the two fields. In the debate, we find that contemporaries readily incorporated ideas from psychology and Buddhism to reconstruct the experiences and concepts of hypnosis and Buddhist nothingness. The resulting new theories and techniques of nothingness were fruits of a fairly fluid boundary between the two fields...
December 1, 2017: History of Science; An Annual Review of Literature, Research and Teaching
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208849/possessions-including-poltergeist-are-you-there-madness
#9
Olivier Walusinski
Beliefs involving the devil and possession figured in the nosography of mental illness that alienists gradually established during the 19th century. The description of this form of cenesthetic hallucination resulted in "the possessed" being viewed as patients, which protected them from the trials and punishments they so frequently faced in earlier centuries. According to psychologists, this illusion of mental duality is linked to impairment of introspective capacities. Current brain imaging suggests inappropriate activity of the default mode network, which interferes with attentional systems during the hallucinatory episode...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198443/how-the-human-brain-introspects-about-one-s-own-episodes-of-cognitive-control
#10
David Soto, Mona Theodoraki, Pedro M Paz-Alonso
Metacognition refers to our capacity to reflect upon our experiences, thoughts and actions. Metacognition processes are linked to cognitive control functions that allow keeping our actions on-task. But it is unclear how the human brain builds an internal model of one's cognition and behaviour. We conducted two functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) experiments in which brain activity was recorded 'online' as participants engaged in a memory-guided search task and then later 'offline' when participants introspected about their prior experience and cognitive states during performance...
November 8, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167365/correlated-individual-differences-suggest-a-common-mechanism-underlying-metacognition-in-visual-perception-and-visual-short-term-memory
#11
Jason Samaha, Bradley R Postle
Adaptive behaviour depends on the ability to introspect accurately about one's own performance. Whether this metacognitive ability is supported by the same mechanisms across different tasks is unclear. We investigated the relationship between metacognition of visual perception and metacognition of visual short-term memory (VSTM). Experiments 1 and 2 required subjects to estimate the perceived or remembered orientation of a grating stimulus and rate their confidence. We observed strong positive correlations between individual differences in metacognitive accuracy between the two tasks...
November 29, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162955/diagnosis-and-management-of-cornual-pregnancies-from-2002-to-2015-at-a-tertiary-referral-centre-in-south-india-insights-from-introspection
#12
Vijaya B Bayyarapu, Sirisha R Gundabattula
Purpose: Interstitial, angular and rudimentary horn pregnancies have all been referred to as cornual pregnancies despite definite diagnostic criteria. Angular pregnancies can be followed up expectantly under close surveillance while interstitial and rudimentary horn pregnancies are terminated by medical or surgical methods. This study aimed to assess accuracy of ultrasound in the diagnosis of 'cornual pregnancy' and evaluate management. Methods: Data pertaining to clinical features, ultrasound findings and treatment modalities of the aforementioned conditions between January 2002 and December 2015 at a tertiary perinatal centre were retrieved from the medical records...
December 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162757/low-fidelity-simulation-to-enhance-understanding-of-infection-control-among-undergraduate-medical-students
#13
Suman P Singh, Chirag M Modi, Chirag P Patel, Ajay G Pathak
BACKGROUND: Developing economies are stressing institutional care for better health outcomes but its advantages are dampened by healthcare-associated infections (HAIs). Besides other undesired complications, the economic cost of HAIs is enormous. Developing countries have higher HAI rates compared with Europe or the USA. The knowledge and practice of infection control is poor among medical students. Based on introspection of 'Infection Control Module' for undergraduates introduced in 2012, we tested emotional sensitization using low-fidelity techniques to enhance its effectiveness...
July 2017: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156893/meditational-spiritual-intercession-and-recovery-from-disease-in-palliative-care-a-literature-review
#14
Siddharth Agarwal, Vijai Kumar, Sapna Agarwal, Maria Paola Brugnoli, Ansh Agarwal
Human body is a biological, open system and maintains itself in the changing environment. Disease state is cured by many medicinal systems for healing. Esoteric healing (through introspective hypnosis, meditation and spiritual intercession) is the system where its believers regard Supreme Being as Omnipotent, Omnipresent and Omniscient. Such persons take ill health as a boon and pray through meditation that He may by His Mercy grant health or if God wishes otherwise, they happily accept it so that they keep moving ahead on their spiritual path...
September 20, 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140918/integrating-social-determinants-of-health-into-graduate-medical-education-a-call-for-action
#15
Jennifer Siegel, David L Coleman, Thea James
Social determinants of health (SDH) are the major drivers of health and disparate health outcomes across communities and populations. Given this, the authors assert that competency in recognizing and mitigating SDH should become a vital component of graduate medical education in all specialties. While the most effective approaches to educating trainees about SDH are uncertain, in this Invited Commentary, the authors offer several key principles for implementing curricula focusing on SDH. These include universalization of the material, integration into clinical education, identification of space for trainee introspection, clarification of specific competencies in identification and mitigation of SDH, and creation of robust faculty development programming...
November 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121298/human-neural-correlates-of-sevoflurane-induced-unconsciousness
#16
B J A Palanca, M S Avidan, G A Mashour
Sevoflurane, a volatile anaesthetic agent well-tolerated for inhalation induction, provides a useful opportunity to elucidate the processes whereby halogenated ethers disrupt consciousness and cognition. Multiple molecular targets of sevoflurane have been identified, complementing imaging and electrophysiologic markers for the mechanistically obscure progression from wakefulness to unconsciousness. Recent investigations have more precisely detailed scalp EEG activity during this transition, with practical clinical implications...
October 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095658/can-science-explain-the-human-mind-intuitive-judgments-about-the-limits-of-science
#17
Sara Gottlieb, Tania Lombrozo
Can science explain romantic love, morality, and religious belief? We documented intuitive beliefs about the limits of science in explaining the human mind. We considered both epistemic evaluations (concerning whether science could possibly fully explain a given psychological phenomenon) and nonepistemic judgments (concerning whether scientific explanations for a given phenomenon would generate discomfort), and we identified factors that characterize phenomena judged to fall beyond the scope of science. Across six studies, we found that participants were more likely to judge scientific explanations for psychological phenomena to be impossible and uncomfortable when, among other factors, they support first-person, introspective access (e...
November 1, 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080233/adolescent-externalizing-problems-contributions-of-community-crime-exposure-and-neural-function-during-emotion-introspection-in-mexican-origin-youth
#18
David G Weissman, Kristina L Gelardi, Rand D Conger, Richard W Robins, Paul D Hastings, Amanda E Guyer
Models of the etiology of adolescent antisocial behavior suggest that externalizing problems may reflect a susceptibility to crime exposure and a diminished capacity for emotion introspection. In this study, adolescents of Mexican origin completed a neuroimaging task that involved rating their subjective feelings of sadness in response to emotional facial expressions or a nonemotional aspect of each face. At lower levels of neural activity during sadness introspection in posterior cingulate and left temporoparietal junction, and in left amygdala, brain regions involved in mentalizing and emotion, respectively, a stronger positive association between community crime exposure and externalizing problems was found...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078281/multimodal-mapping-of-the-brain-s-functional-connectivity-and-the-adult-outcome-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#19
Gustavo Sudre, Eszter Szekely, Wendy Sharp, Steven Kasparek, Philip Shaw
We have a limited understanding of why many children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder do not outgrow the disorder by adulthood. Around 20-30% retain the full syndrome as young adults, and about 50% show partial, rather than complete, remission. Here, to delineate the neurobiology of this variable outcome, we ask if the persistence of childhood symptoms into adulthood impacts on the brain's functional connectivity. We studied 205 participants followed clinically since childhood. In early adulthood, participants underwent magnetoencephalography (MEG) to measure neuronal activity directly and functional MRI (fMRI) to measure hemodynamic activity during a task-free period (the "resting state")...
October 31, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073185/exploring-the-perceptions-of-physicians-caregivers-and-families-towards-artificial-nutrition-and-hydration-for-people-in-permanent-vegetative-state-how-can-a-photo-elicitation-method-help
#20
Elodie Cretin, Lionel Pazart, Marie-Christine Rousseau, Alain Noé, Pierre Decavel, Aline Chassagne, Aurélie Godard-Marceau, Hélène Trimaille, Florence Mathieu-Nicot, Yvan Beaussant, Damien Gabriel, Serge Daneault, Régis Aubry
The question of withdrawing artificial nutrition and hydration from people in a permanent vegetative state sparks considerable ethical and legal debate. Therefore, understanding the elements that influence such a decision is crucial. However, exploring perceptions of artificial nutrition and hydration is methodologically challenging for several reasons. First, because of the emotional state of the professionals and family members, who are facing an extremely distressing situation; second, because this question mirrors representations linked to a deep-rooted fear of dying of hunger and thirst; and third, because of taboos surrounding death...
2017: PloS One
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