keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Introspection

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780343/-seeing-the-dark-grounding-phenomenal-transparency-and-opacity-in-precision-estimation-for-active-inference
#1
Jakub Limanowski, Karl Friston
One of the central claims of the Self-model Theory of Subjectivity is that the experience of being someone - even in a minimal form - arises through a transparent phenomenal self-model, which itself can in principle be reduced to brain processes. Here, we consider whether it is possible to distinguish between phenomenally transparent and opaque states in terms of active inference. We propose a relationship of phenomenal opacity to expected uncertainty or precision; i.e., the capacity for introspective attention and implicit mental action...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778804/emotion-introspection-and-regulation-in-depression
#2
Uwe Herwig, Sarah Opialla, Katja Cattapan, Thomas C Wetter, Lutz Jäncke, Annette B Brühl
Depressed patients suffer from an impairment to voluntarily influence and regulate their unpleasant emotional state. Strengthening the mental ability to interfere with dysfunctional emotion processing may be beneficial in treating depression. According to models of emotion processing this may be done by successful down-regulation of enhanced amygdala activity. We investigated short periods of intentional emotion-introspection compared with cognitive self-reflection as two domains of self-awareness in terms of effects on emotion regulation...
May 9, 2018: Psychiatry research. Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771145/standard-curve-range-for-clinical-sample-analysis-of-oral-bioavailability-bioequivalence-studies-dilemma-introspection-and-strategies
#3
Prashant Tripathi, Harilal Patel, Tanuja Kulshrestha, Nuggehally R Srinivas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2018: Bioanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769644/translational-models-of-prostate-cancer-bone-metastasis
#4
REVIEW
Richard B Berish, Aymon N Ali, Patrick G Telmer, John A Ronald, Hon S Leong
Metastatic disease is the principal cause of prostate-cancer-related mortality. Our ability to accurately recapitulate the spread of prostate cancer to bone - the most common site of metastasis - is critical to the development of novel metastasis-directed therapies. Several translational models of prostate cancer bone metastasis have been developed, including animal models, cell line injection models, 3D in vitro models, bone implant models, and patient-derived xenograft models. The use of these models has led to numerous advances in elucidating the molecular mechanisms of metastasis and innovations in targeted therapy...
May 16, 2018: Nature Reviews. Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746529/negative-mood-and-mind-wandering-increase-long-range-temporal-correlations-in-attention-fluctuations
#5
Mona Irrmischer, C Natalie van der Wal, Huibert D Mansvelder, Klaus Linkenkaer-Hansen
There is growing evidence that the intermittent nature of mind wandering episodes and mood have a pronounced influence on trial-to-trial variability in performance. Nevertheless, the temporal dynamics and significance of such lapses in attention remains inadequately understood. Here, we hypothesize that the dynamics of fluctuations in sustained attention between external and internal sources of information obey so-called critical-state dynamics, characterized by trial-to-trial dependencies with long-range temporal correlations...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733220/mindfulness-based-processes-of-healing-for-veterans-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#6
Marc B Schure, Tracy L Simpson, Michelle Martinez, George Sayre, David J Kearney
OBJECTIVE: U.S. veterans are at increased risk of developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Prior studies suggest a benefit of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) for PTSD, but the mechanisms through which MBSR reduces PTSD symptoms and improves functional status have received limited empirical inquiry. This study used a qualitative approach to better understand how training in mindfulness affects veterans with PTSD. DESIGN: Qualitative study using semistructured in-depth interviews following participation in an MBSR intervention...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725317/psychopathy-to-altruism-neurobiology-of-the-selfish-selfless-spectrum
#7
REVIEW
James W H Sonne, Don M Gash
The age-old philosophical, biological, and social debate over the basic nature of humans as being "universally selfish" or "universally good" continues today highlighting sharply divergent views of natural social order. Here we analyze advances in biology, genetics and neuroscience increasing our understanding of the evolution, features and neurocircuitry of the human brain underlying behavior in the selfish-selfless spectrum. First, we examine evolutionary pressures for selection of altruistic traits in species with protracted periods of dependence on parents and communities for subsistence and acquisition of learned behaviors...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718213/the-scientific-filesystem-scif
#8
Vanessa Sochat
Background: Here we present the Scientific Filesystem (SCIF), an organizational format that supports exposure of executables and metadata for discoverability of scientific applications. The format includes a known filesystem structure, a definition for a set of environment variables describing it, and functions for generation of the variables and interaction with the libraries, metadata, and executables located within. SCIF makes it easy to expose metadata, multiple environments, installation steps, files, and entrypoints to render scientific applications consistent, modular, and discoverable...
March 13, 2018: GigaScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713839/participation-in-hiv-behavioral-research-unanticipated-benefits-and-burdens
#9
Susan Tross, Veronica Pinho, Jennifer E Lima, Megan Ghiroli, Katherine S Elkington, David H Strauss, Milton L Wainberg
HIV behavioral research has provided an invaluable knowledge base for effective approaches to behavioral challenges along the HIV care cascade. Little attention has been paid to tracking unanticipated effects of research participation, whether negative or positive. We used qualitative methods to elicit impressions of unanticipated effects of participation in behavioral research. An instrument was developed and piloted to assess positive (emotional gains, practical gains, HIV prevention knowledge and skills gains) and negative (emotional stress, discomfort with research) unanticipated effects...
April 30, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692472/publish-first-retract-later-is-it-time-for-introspection
#10
EDITORIAL
C K Ranjan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682695/two-decades-long-journey-from-riluzole-to-edaravone-revisiting-the-clinical-pharmacokinetics-of-the-only-two-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-therapeutics
#11
REVIEW
Ranjeet Prasad Dash, R Jayachandra Babu, Nuggehally R Srinivas
The recent approval of edaravone has provided an intravenous option to treat amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) in addition to the existing oral agent, riluzole. The present work was primarily undertaken to provide a comprehensive clinical pharmacokinetic summary of the two approved ALS therapeutics. The key objectives of the review were to (i) tabulate the clinical pharmacokinetics of riluzole and edaravone with emphasis on absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion (ADME) properties; (ii) provide a comparative scenario of the pharmacokinetics of the two drugs wherever possible; and (iii) provide perspectives and introspection on the gathered clinical pharmacokinetic data of the two drugs with appropriate conjectures to quench scientific curiosity...
April 23, 2018: Clinical Pharmacokinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674223/psychological-variables-implied-in-the-therapeutic-effect-of-ayahuasca-a-contextual-approach
#12
Alba Franquesa, Alberto Sainz-Cort, Sam Gandy, Joaquim Soler, Miguel Ángel Alcázar-Córcoles, José Carlos Bouso
Ayahuasca is a psychedelic decoction originating from Amazonia. The ayahuasca-induced introspective experience has been shown to have potential benefits in the treatment of several pathologies, to protect mental health and to improve neuropsychological functions and creativity, and boost mindfulness. The underlying psychological processes related to the use of ayahuasca in a psychotherapeutic context are not yet well described in the scientific literature, but there is some evidence to suggest that psychological variables described in psychotherapies could be useful in explaining the therapeutic effects of the brew...
April 4, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669454/palliative-nursing-and-sacred-medicine-a-holistic-stance-on-entheogens-healing-and-spiritual-care
#13
William E Rosa, Stephanie Hope, Marianne Matzo
The fields of palliative and holistic nursing both maintain a commitment to the care of the whole person, including a focus on spiritual care. Advanced serious illness may pose a plethora of challenges to patients seeking to create meaning and purpose in their lives. The purpose of this article is to introduce scholarly dialogue on the integration of entheogens, medicines that engender an experience of the sacred, into the spiritual and holistic care of patients experiencing advanced serious illness. A brief history of the global use of entheogens as well as a case study are provided...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623802/spiritual-counseling-program-for-children-with-anxiety-disorders-a-multi-city-experiment
#14
Samta P Pandya
This article reports on a multi-city two-year long experiment on the effect of a spiritual counseling program (SCP) on children diagnosed with anxiety disorders. The two-year customized SCP was conducted with 1238 children from 20 private schools in five cities across five countries, with an equal number in a control group. Results showed that post-treatment self-reported and counselor-tested anxiety outcome measure scores were lower for the treatment group. Girls, children from more affluent cities, middle-class children, and those who had one stay-at-home parent and no siblings showed reduced anxiety disorders post-treatment...
March 2018: Journal of Pastoral Care & Counseling: JPCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558768/using-story-based-interventions-to-improve-episodic-memory-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#15
Tiffany L Hutchins, Patricia A Prelock
Episodic memory (EM) and scene construction are critical for organizing and understanding personally experienced events and for developing several aspects of social cognition including self-concept, identity, introspection, future thinking, counterfactual reasoning, theory of mind, self-regulation, flexible problem-solving, and socially adaptive behavior. This article challenges the reader to think differently about EM in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), as we expand our understanding of autobiographical memory that requires an ability to travel back in time and re-experience an event...
April 2018: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546966/a-nurse-researcher-s-guide-to-reflexive-interviewing
#16
Holly Lear, Winifred Eboh, Lesley Diack
BACKGROUND: In a wider doctoral study related to unfavourable experiences of nursing students studying abroad, the researcher undertook a reflexive interview to reduce the potential for bias. AIM: To discuss a method for conducting reflexive interviews and recommend their use to nurse researchers. DISCUSSION: A reflexive interview was undertaken to reduce bias and pilot an original interview instrument. A senior researcher interviewed the researcher using original questions that would be used to interview participants in the wider doctoral study...
March 16, 2018: Nurse Researcher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543824/the-diagnosis-and-treatment-introspection-of-the-first-imported-case-of-atypical-cerebral-schistosomiasis-in-guangzhou-city
#17
Yuehong Wei, Na Huang, Shouyi Chen, Dehao Chen, Xiaoning Li, Jianmin Xu, Zhicong Yang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535666/the-social-gaze-space-a-taxonomy-for-gaze-based-communication-in-triadic-interactions
#18
Mathis Jording, Arne Hartz, Gary Bente, Martin Schulte-Rüther, Kai Vogeley
Humans substantially rely on non-verbal cues in their communication and interaction with others. The eyes represent a "simultaneous input-output device": While we observe others and obtain information about their mental states (including feelings, thoughts, and intentions-to-act), our gaze simultaneously provides information about our own attention and inner experiences. This substantiates its pivotal role for the coordination of communication. The communicative and coordinative capacities - and their phylogenetic and ontogenetic impacts - become fully apparent in triadic interactions constituted in its simplest form by two persons and an object...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519851/domain-general-and-domain-specific-patterns-of-activity-supporting-metacognition-in-human-prefrontal-cortex
#19
Jorge Morales, Hakwan Lau, Stephen M Fleming
Metacognition is the capacity to evaluate the success of one's own cognitive processes in various domains; for example, memory and perception. It remains controversial whether metacognition relies on a domain-general resource that is applied to different tasks or if self-evaluative processes are domain specific. Here, we investigated this issue directly by examining the neural substrates engaged when metacognitive judgments were made by human participants of both sexes during perceptual and memory tasks matched for stimulus and performance characteristics...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518670/the-relationship-between-semantic-access-and-introspective-awareness
#20
Xu Xu, Chunyan Kang, David Pascucci, Taomei Guo
There have long been speculations about the relationship between consciousness and language. This study aimed to determine whether an individual's level of introspective awareness, based on self-report, relates to accessibility of their semantic system as evaluated by the N400. Thirty-five university students completed the study. All were right-handed, with normal or corrected-to-normal vision, without known neurological or psychological health issues. They first performed on a lexical decision task while their brain electrophysiological responses were recorded...
June 2018: Brain and Cognition
keyword
keyword
93520
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"