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Psychological characteristics of developing excellence

Agustin Avilés, Maria-Jesus Nambo, Natividad Neri
Background: To assess maternal and fetal outcome of women and newborns who received chemotherapy during pregnancy to treat Hodgkin lymphoma (HL)in early stages (IA, IIA), we performed a retrospective analysis of a cohort of 44 pregnant women with HL and early stages, diagnosed and treated between 1988 to 2013, at a tertiary reference cancer center. Methods: We analyzed data on HL characteristics and treatment, with a particular attention to maternal and fetal complications; in children, we performed a longer follow-up to detect any anomaly in physical development, scholar performance, psychological, cardiac, neurological function, and intelligence tests...
2018: Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases
Hugo Sarmento, M Teresa Anguera, Antonino Pereira, Duarte Araújo
BACKGROUND: Expertise has been extensively studied in several sports over recent years. The specificities of how excellence is achieved in Association Football, a sport practiced worldwide, are being repeatedly investigated by many researchers through a variety of approaches and scientific disciplines. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to identify and synthesise the most significant literature addressing talent identification and development in football. We identified the most frequently researched topics and characterised their methodologies...
January 3, 2018: Sports Medicine
Andrés Losada, María Márquez-González, Carlos Vara-García, Laura Gallego-Alberto, Rosa Romero-Moreno, Karl Pillemer
Providing care for a relative with dementia is considered to be a chronic stressor that has been linked to negative mental health consequences for caregivers. A theoretical model was developed and tested to assess the degree to which ambivalence and guilt feelings contribute to caregivers' depressive symptomatology. Participants included 212 dementia family caregivers. In addition to ambivalence and guilt feelings, sociodemographic characteristics, behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia, and depressive symptomatology were assessed...
August 14, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
Marije T Elferink-Gemser, Florentina J Hettinga
Pacing has been characterized as a multifaceted goal-directed process of decision making in which athletes need to decide how and when to invest their energy during the race, a process essential for optimal performance. Both physiological and psychological characteristics associated with adequate pacing and performance are known to develop with age. Consequently, the multifaceted skill of pacing might be under construction throughout adolescence, as well. Therefore, the authors propose that the complex skill of pacing is a potential important performance characteristic for talented youth athletes that needs to be developed throughout adolescence...
July 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
David J Collins, Aine Macnamara
In our 2016 paper (Collins et al., 2016a), we proposed that superchamps (athletes who have achieved the highest level in their sport) were differentiated from their less successful counterparts by their use of positive proactive coping and a "learn from it" approach to challenge. This skill-based focus to talent development (TD) is supported extensively in the literature (e.g., MacNamara et al., 2010a,b) and suggests that the differences between levels of adult achievement relate more to what performers bring to the challenges than what they experience (Collins et al...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
Eric L Sauers, R Curtis Bay, Alison R Snyder Valier, Traci Ellery, Kellie C Huxel Bliven
BACKGROUND: Upper extremity (UE) region-specific, patient-reported outcome (PRO) scales assess injuries to the UE but do not account for the demands of overhead throwing athletes or measure patient-oriented domains of health-related quality of life (HRQOL). PURPOSE: To develop the Functional Arm Scale for Throwers (FAST), a UE region-specific and population-specific PRO scale that assesses multiple domains of disablement in throwing athletes with UE injuries. In stage I, a beta version of the scale was developed for subsequent factor identification, final item reduction, and construct validity analysis during stage II...
March 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Roy De Vita, Giovanni Zoccali, Ernesto Maria Buccheri, Maurizio Costantini, Claudio Botti, Marcello Pozzi
BACKGROUND: Although quadrantectomy and lumpectomy help diminish the psychological and physical devastation inflicted, mastectomy is still elected in 20 to 30 percent of breast cancers. Although initially inciting controversy over heightened risk of local recurrences, recent studies maintain that nipple-sparing mastectomy can be used in any patient qualifying for total mastectomy and also improves aesthetic and psychologic outcomes. The manner in which mastectomy influences reconstructive implant outcomes has been documented by several groups...
February 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Thierry Gil, Spyridon Sideris, Fouad Aoun, Roland van Velthoven, Nicolas Sirtaine, Marianne Paesmans, Lieveke Ameye, Ahmad Awada, Daniel Devriendt, Alexandre Peltier
Long-term prognosis of germ cell tumor (GCT) types is excellent, however, treatment is associated with non-negligible complication rates and a negative impact on quality of life. The present study described treatment results in terms of survival, both short and long-term toxicity, and paternity rates in a cohort of patients treated at Jules Bordet Institute, University ULB of Brussels (Brussels, Belgium). The present study analyzed the data of a cohort of patients with GCT types. Pre-operative patient and tumor characteristics were described...
September 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Stephen John Walters, Cindy Stern, Suzanne Robertson-Malt
BACKGROUND: There is a growing call by consumers and governments for healthcare to adopt systems and approaches to care to improve patient safety. Collaboration within healthcare settings is an important factor for improving systems of care. By using validated measurement instruments a standardized approach to assessing collaboration is possible, otherwise it is only an assumption that collaboration is occurring in any healthcare setting. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to evaluate and compare measurement properties of instruments that measure collaboration within healthcare settings, specifically those which have been psychometrically tested and validated...
April 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Anne Toussaint, Alexandra M Murray, Katharina Voigt, Annabel Herzog, Benjamin Gierk, Kurt Kroenke, Winfried Rief, Peter Henningsen, Bernd Löwe
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a new self-report questionnaire for the assessment of the psychological features of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition somatic symptom disorder. METHODS: The Somatic Symptom Disorder-B Criteria Scale (SSD-12) was developed in several steps from an initial pool of 98 items. The SSD-12 is composed of 12 items; each of the three psychological subcriteria is measured by four items. In a cross-sectional study, the SSD-12 was administered to 698 patients (65...
January 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
Ewa M Maroszyńska-Dmoch, Beata Wożakowska-Kapłon
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease (CAD) in young adults under 40 years of age is a growing medical, social, psychological and economical problem, related to the prevalence of civilization-related diseases and unhealthy lifestyle. The problem of CAD in young people has not been characterised as well as in older individuals, as the available data mostly come from case reports and small series, often related to genetic aspects and familial occurrence of the disease. AIM: To assess clinical and angiographic characteristics of young adults with CAD and to evaluate in-hospital and long-term mortality in this patient group...
2016: Kardiologia Polska
Laura Orsolini, Gabriele Duccio Papanti, Giulia Francesconi, Fabrizio Schifano
Within online drug fora communities, there are some "educated and informed" users who can somehow provide reliable information on psychoactive compounds and combinations. These users, also called "e-psychonauts," may possess levels of technical knowledge relating to a range of novel psychoactive substances (NPS). The present project aimed at identifying and describing the e-psychonauts' socio-demographic characteristics and their motivations and patterns of drug intake. A netnographic research methodology, carried out through an unobtrusive observational approach of a list of cyber drug communities (blogs, fora, Facebook, and Twitter pages) was carried out...
May 2015: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
S P Suchitra, Arati Jagan, H R Nagendra
BACKGROUND: Ayurveda inventories for prakriti (constitution) have been developed and validated for adults. Children, however, require different categories of quarter and questions, for example, to assess the intelligence, the questions can be related to their scholastic performances. OBJECTIVE: To develop and standardize an inventory to assess the prakriti of the children, and to compare with Child Personality Questionnaire (CPQ). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 135-item Ayurveda child personality inventory (ACPI) scale was developed on the basis of translation of Sanskrit verses describing vataja (A), pittaja (B), and kaphaja prakriti (C) characteristics and by taking the opinions of experts (ten Ayurveda experts and three psychologists)...
October 2014: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
Papa Ibrahima Ngom, Pascaline Attebi, Joseph Samba Diouf, Khady Diop Ba, Alpha Badiane, Falou Diagne
The Psychosocial Impact of Dental Aesthetics Questionnaire (PIDAQ) is a tool developed and validated to specifically assess subject's quality of life related to orthodontic anomalies. The aims of the present study were to translate and culturally adapt the PIDAQ's native English version into French, and to test the psychometric characteristics of the version thereby obtained. Toward these ends, the PIDAQ's original English version was translated into French and back-translated into English following the prescribed guidelines...
December 2013: L' Orthodontie Française
Magatte Mbaye, Mamour Gueye, Ndiaye-Gueye, Diarra Mame, Ousmane Dieng, Mouhamadou Mansour Niang, Abdoul Aziz Diouf, Serignemodou Kane-Gueye, Jean Charles Moreau
AIMS: To determine the frequency of sexual abuse, establish the demographic profile and to evaluate the care of victims of sexual abuse in Ziguinchor. METHODS: That is a retrospective, descriptive study from February 1, 2008 to August 31, 2010, including all patients received in the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Ziguinchor Regional hospital for sexual abuse. For each patient, data analyzed were sociodemographic data, characteristics of aggression, clinical implications and psychological support...
August 2013: La Tunisie Médicale
Suzanne V Arnold, Frederick A Masoudi, John S Rumsfeld, Yan Li, Philip G Jones, John A Spertus
BACKGROUND: Before outcomes-based measures of quality can be used to compare and improve care, they must be risk-standardized to account for variations in patient characteristics. Despite the importance of health-related quality of life (HRQL) outcomes among patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), no risk-standardized models have been developed. METHODS AND RESULTS: We assessed disease-specific HRQL using the Seattle Angina Questionnaire at baseline and 1 year later in 2693 unselected AMI patients from 24 hospitals enrolled in the Translational Research Investigating Underlying disparities in acute Myocardial infarction Patients' Health status (TRIUMPH) registry...
January 21, 2014: Circulation
Anna Sidor, Andreas Eickhorst, Michael Stasch, Manfred Cierpka
The aim of the study presented is to introduce the newly developed instrument to assess stress, the Heidelberg Stress Scale (Heidelberger Belastungsskala--HBS), and to examine its psychometric characteristics. The HBS was developed for a low-threshold and multi-professional assessment of a family's stresses and resources after the birth of a child. The HBS can be used in the outreach work of family midwives, for instance, as well as in research. The validity of the HBS was tested in a sample of 284 psychosocially stressed families after the birth of their child; the inter-rater reliability was tested in a sample of 41 families that were also in stress...
2012: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
Aine Macnamara, Dave Collins
The ability to successfully develop to the highest levels in sport is dependent on a range of variables, not least an individual's ability to cope with the various challenges of development. Psychological Characteristics of Developing Excellence (PCDEs) include both the trait characteristics and the state-deployed skills that have been shown to play a crucial role in the realisation of potential. Psychological characteristics of developing excellence equip aspiring elites with the mental skills, attitudes, and emotions to cope with the challenges of the development pathway, as well as underpinning their capacity to make the most of their innate abilities...
2013: Journal of Sports Sciences
Gregory P Strauss, William R Keller, Robert W Buchanan, James M Gold, Bernard A Fischer, Robert P McMahon, Lauren T Catalano, Adam J Culbreth, William T Carpenter, Brian Kirkpatrick
The current study examined the psychometric properties of the Brief Negative Symptom Scale (BNSS), a next-generation rating instrument developed in response to the NIMH sponsored consensus development conference on negative symptoms. Participants included 100 individuals with a DSM-IV diagnosis of schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder who completed a clinical interview designed to assess negative, positive, disorganized, and general psychiatric symptoms, as well as functional outcome. A battery of anhedonia questionnaires and neuropsychological tests were also administered...
December 2012: Schizophrenia Research
Y Auxéméry
INTRODUCTION: Why are some individuals more likely than others to develop a posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the face of similar levels of trauma exposure? Monitoring the traumatic process combining the antecedents, the determinants of the psychic trauma and the acute symptoms can clarify the causes of the final onset of a chronic repetition syndrome. Epidemiologic research has clarified risk factors that increase the likelihood of PTSD after exposure to a potentially traumatic event...
October 2012: L'Encéphale
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