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Ambulatory surgery anesthesia

Igor A Zolotukhin, Evgeny I Seliverstov, Elena A Zakharova, Alexander I Kirienko
OBJECTIVE: To establish an effect of isolated phlebectomy in patients with incompetent great saphenous vein (Ambulatory Selective Varices Ablation under Local anesthesia (ASVAL) procedure) on the reflux and diameter of the trunk and to assess recurrence rate of varicose veins at one year. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective study on patients with primary varicose veins and with C2 or C2,3 or C2,3,4 or C2,4 classes of chronic venous disease and great saphenous vein incompetence...
October 19, 2016: Phlebology
Anita Mohandas, Chris Summa, W Bradley Worthington, Jason Lerner, Kevin T Foley, Robert J Bohinski, Gregory B Lanford, Carol Holden, Richard N W Wohns
STUDY DESIGN: Delphi Panel expert panel consensus and narrative literature review OBJECTIVE.: To obtain expert consensus on best practices for patient selection and perioperative decision making for outpatient anterior cervical surgery (anterior cervical disc fusion (ACDF) and cervical total disc replacement (CTDR)). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Spine surgery in ambulatory settings is becoming a preferred option for both patients and providers. The transition from traditional inpatient environments has been enabled by innovation in anesthesia protocols and surgical technique, as well as favorable economics...
October 6, 2016: Spine
Sofia Geralemou, Tong J Gan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Postoperative and postdischarge nausea and vomiting have profound impact on the efficient delivery of quality healthcare. In addition to patient dissatisfaction, physical morbidities as well as unplanned hospital admissions may result. It is important to risk stratify and intervene on patients at risk. The aim of this review is to explore the benefits and shortcomings of the scoring systems commonly used today. RECENT FINDINGS: Two widely-used risk stratification systems identify and score patient-, anesthesia-, and surgery-related risk factors for postoperative/postdischarge nausea and vomiting in the adult population...
September 29, 2016: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
Safiya Imtiaz Shaikh, D Nagarekha, Ganapati Hegade, M Marutheesh
Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is one of the complex and significant problems in anesthesia practice, with growing trend toward ambulatory and day care surgeries. This review focuses on pathophysiology, pharmacological prophylaxis, and rescue therapy for PONV. We searched the Medline and PubMed database for articles published in English from 1991 to 2014 while writing this review using "postoperative nausea and vomiting, PONV, nausea-vomiting, PONV prophylaxis, and rescue" as keywords. PONV is influenced by multiple factors which are related to the patient, surgery, and pre-, intra-, and post-operative anesthesia factors...
September 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Rachel M Kacmar, Brian M Davidson, Matthew Victor, Ken Bullard, Jose Melendez
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The objective was to analyze if an at-risk salary model for faculty anesthesiologists could improve on-time first case starts (FCSs) and case turnovers (TOs) in an academic hospital inpatient operating room (IOR) and ambulatory surgery center (ASC). Organizational goals were 65% and 70% on-time FCS and case TO times for IOR and ASC, respectively. DESIGN: This was a retrospective study. SETTING: Surgical cases performed at both the IORs and the ASCs at a large academic medical center were included...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Katherine H Dobie, Yaping Shi, Matthew S Shotwell, Warren S Sandberg
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Regional anesthesia and analgesia for shoulder surgery is most commonly performed via interscalene nerve block. We developed an ultrasound-guided technique that specifically targets the C5 nerve root proximal to the traditional interscalene block and assessed its efficacy for shoulder analgesia. DESIGN: Prospective case series. SETTING: Vanderbilt Bone and Joint Surgery Center. PATIENTS: Patients undergoing shoulder arthroscopy at an ambulatory surgery center...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Jeremy D Deer, Amod Sawardekar, Santhanam Suresh
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The objective of this review is to provide an overview of recent developments in pediatric regional anesthesia and elucidate outcomes as it relates to patient safety and overall satisfaction. RECENT FINDINGS: Since the inception of the Pediatric Regional Anesthesia Network database, the acquisition of data has enabled the pediatric anesthesiologist to extrapolate results and translate them into useful outcomes. Despite the growing trend to provide regional anesthesia in the pediatric population, there continues to be a paucity of available research studies to evaluate outcomes of various regional nerve blocks...
September 28, 2016: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
Kyle T Leggott, Matthew Martin, David Sklar, Deborah Helitzer, Randy Rosett, Cameron Crandall, Firoz Vagh, Deana Mercer
INTRODUCTION: To provide insight into how an innovation in healthcare is implemented and diffused, we studied the transition from routine use of general anesthesia to peripheral nerve blocks (PNBs) for ambulatory orthopedic extremity surgery. Rogers' diffusion of innovations (DOI) theory was used as our theoretical framework. We identified themes that would be helpful for others attempting to diffuse innovations into healthcare settings. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A mixed quantitative and qualitative methodology was used...
September 2016: Healthcare
Matilde Zaballos, María Dolores Ginel, Maite Portas, María Barrio, Ana María López
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The decision whether to manage an ambulatory patient with a previously documented difficult airway with a supraglottic device remain controversial. We report an awake insertion of a Laryngeal Mask Airway Proseal™ in a patient with known difficult airway scheduled for ambulatory surgery. CASE REPORT: A 46-yr-old woman was programmed as a day case surgery for breast nodule resection. Her anesthetic record included an impossible intubation with cancelation of surgery and subsequent awake fibroscopic intubation...
September 2016: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
Yolanda Y Huang, Caleb Ing, Gouhua Li, Lena S Sun
INTRODUCTION: Although animal studies have consistently demonstrated long-term neurocognitive deficits following early anesthetic exposure under certain conditions, risk in human children remains unknown. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in young patients often requires anesthesia to facilitate image acquisition. We studied MRI utilization in a pediatric population, and associated use of anesthesia for ambulatory MRI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were obtained from the New York State Inpatient Database and State Ambulatory Surgery and Services Database on MRI performed in children under the age of 18 years from 2005 to 2011...
August 25, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
Robert J Schroth, Carlos Quiñonez, Luke Shwart, Brandon Wagar
INTRODUCTION: Many Canadian children are affected by early childhood caries (ECC) and require treatment under general anesthesia. The purpose of this study was to determine the burden of day surgery for children with ECC in Canada. METHODS: Day surgery abstracts for children 6 years of age with ECC were extracted from the Canadian Institute for Health Information Discharge Abstract Database and National Ambulatory Care Reporting System for 4 years, 2010/11 to 2013/14...
July 2016: Journal—Canadian Dental Association, Journal de L'Association Dentaire Canadienne
Rishi Parikh, Daniel Pollock, Jyotirmay Sharma, Jonathan Edwards
OBJECTIVE We compared risk for surgical site infection (SSI) following surgical breast procedures among 2 patient groups: those whose procedures were performed in ambulatory surgery centers (ASCs) and those whose procedures were performed in hospital-based outpatient facilities. DESIGN Cohort study using National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) SSI data for breast procedures performed from 2010 to 2014. METHODS Unconditional multivariate logistic regression was used to examine the association between facility type and breast SSI, adjusting for American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) Physical Status Classification, patient age, and duration of procedure...
October 2016: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
Nalini Vadivelu, Alice M Kai, Vijay Kodumudi, Jack M Berger
Ambulatory surgery is on the rise, with an unmet need for optimum pain control in ambulatory surgery centers worldwide. It is important that there is a proportionate increase in the availability of acute pain-management services to match the rapid rise of clinical patient load with pain issues in the ambulatory surgery setting. Focus on ambulatory pain control with its special challenges is vital to achieve optimum pain control and prevent morbidity and mortality. Management of perioperative pain in the ambulatory surgery setting is becoming increasingly complex, and requires the employment of a multimodal approach and interventions facilitated by ambulatory surgery pain specialists, which is a new concept...
2016: Journal of Pain Research
Diego Marcelo May
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Outpatient plastic surgery is growing around the world. This industry faces unique challenges in terms of patient selection and standards of practice to ensure safety and cost-effectiveness. This review will highlight information about anesthesia practice for outpatient cosmetic surgery in Brazil, especially regarding regulation, legislation, and medical tourism. RECENT FINDINGS: Medical tourism is growing worldwide, with a flow of patients traveling from developed to developing countries where procedures can be done at a fraction of the cost as in the patient's home country...
August 2016: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
Jan Boublik, Ruchir Gupta, Supurna Bhar, Arthur Atchabahian
Transient neurologic symptoms (TNS) led to the abandonment of intrathecal lidocaine. We reviewed the published literature for information about the duration of action and side effects of intrathecal prilocaine, which has been recently reintroduced in Europe. Medline and EMBASE databases were searched for the time period from 1966 to 2015. Fourteen prospective and one retrospective study were retrieved. The duration of the surgical block can be adjusted using doses between 40 and 80mg. Hyperbaric prilocaine in doses as low as 10mg can be used for perianal procedures...
June 21, 2016: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
Rosario Fernández Sánchez, María Ángeles Muñoz-Miguelsanz
Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) has been widely used in the adult patient, contrary to what happens in children, with just a few long series papers. NPWT avoids long and expensive hospital admissions, reducing the hospital costs; it also decreases the family dynamics and allows for an early return to everyday activities. In this article, we present three clinical cases consisting of a toddler, a child and a teenager with complex wounds treated with NPWT in the pediatric surgery department of the Virgen de las Nieves University Hospital in Granada...
July 2016: Enfermería Clínica
Andrea Saporito, Luciano Anselmi, Alain Borgeat, José A Aguirre
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Short-acting regional anesthetics have already been successfully used for peripheral nerve blocks in an ambulatory surgery setting. However, the impact on direct and indirect perioperative costs comparing 2 different short-acting local anesthetics has not been performed yet. DESIGN: Observational, prospective, case-control, cost-minimization study. SETTING: Operating room, regional hospital PATIENTS: One hundred adult American Society of Anesthesiologists status I-III patients scheduled for popliteal block after minor ambulatory foot surgery...
August 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Daniel B Maalouf, Shawna M Dorman, Joseph Sebeo, Enrique A Goytizolo, Michael A Gordon, Jacques T Yadeau, Sumudu S Dehipawala, Kara Fields
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In this randomized double-blind prospective study in patients undergoing shoulder arthroscopy, we compared the effects of ultrasound-guided interscalene nerve block using 20 mL (intervention group) and 40 mL (control group) of a mepivacaine 1.5% and bupivacaine 0.5% mixture (1:1 volume) on ipsilateral handgrip strength and other postoperative end points. METHODS: One hundred fifty-four patients scheduled for ambulatory shoulder arthroscopy were randomly assigned to receive a single-injection interscalene block under ultrasound guidance with either 40 mL (control) or 20 mL (intervention) and intravenous sedation...
July 2016: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
An Teunkens, Kristien Vermeulen, Elke Van Gerven, Steffen Fieuws, Marc Van de Velde, Steffen Rex
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Knee arthroscopy is a well-established procedure in day-case surgery, which is frequently performed under spinal anesthesia. It is, however, controversial whether the choice for a specific local anesthetic translates into relevant outcomes. We hypothesized that the use of 2-chloroprocaine would be associated with a faster recovery from sensorimotor block. METHODS: Ninety-nine patients were included in this prospective, double-blind, randomized controlled trial and randomly allocated to receive either 40 mg 2-chloroprocaine, 40 mg lidocaine, or 7...
September 2016: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
Amanda Whippey, Gregory Kostandoff, Heung K Ma, Ji Cheng, Lehana Thabane, James Paul
BACKGROUND: Ambulatory surgery plays an important role in pediatric anesthesia. However, it is difficult to predict which patients will experience complications. Age >80, ASA class 3 or 4, duration of surgery >3 h, and BMI 30-35 are independent predictors of unanticipated admission in adults. In this study, we retrospectively evaluate risk factors for unanticipated admission, following ambulatory surgery in children. METHODS: All ambulatory patients requiring unanticipated admission between 2005 and 2013 were compared to a random sample of patients not requiring admission in this case-control study...
August 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
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