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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092455/funding-and-organization-of-us-federal-health-security-programs
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092280/challenges-and-opportunities-to-enhance-global-drug-development-in-neonates
#2
Alexandra M Smith, Jonathan M Davis
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This study reviews the history of neonatal drug development, recent legislative efforts designed to facilitate the study of therapeutic agents in neonates, and future steps necessary to advance drug development. RECENT FINDINGS: Although many federal regulations have been introduced over the past 15 years to encourage pediatric and neonatal drug development, the majority of medications that are used in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit are not approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use in neonates...
January 13, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092064/critical-congenital-heart-disease-newborn-screening-implementation-lessons-learned
#3
Monica R McClain, John S Hokanson, Regina Grazel, Kim Naarden Van Braun, Lorraine F Garg, Michelle R Morris, Kathleen Moline, Keri Urquhart, Amy Nance, Harper Randall, Marci K Sontag
Introduction The purpose of this article is to present the collective experiences of six federally-funded critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) newborn screening implementation projects to assist federal and state policy makers and public health to implement CCHD screening. Methods A qualitative assessment and summary from six demonstration project grantees and other state representatives involved in the implementation of CCHD screening programs are presented in the following areas: legislation, provider and family education, screening algorithms and interpretation, data collection and quality improvement, telemedicine, home and rural births, and neonatal intensive care unit populations...
January 16, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078518/public-policy-performance-for-social-development-solar-energy-approach-to-assess-technological-outcome-in-mexico-city-metropolitan-area
#4
Angel Raúl Arenas-Aquino, Y Matsumoto-Kuwabara, M Kleiche-Dray
Mexico City Metropolitan Area (MCMA) is the most populated urban area in the country. In 2010, MCMA required 14.8% of total energy domestic demand, but greenhouse gas emissions accounted for 7.7% of domestic emissions. Mexico has massive renewable energy potential that could be harnessed through solar photovoltaic (PV) technology. The problem to explore is the relationship between local and federal public strategies in MCMA and their stance on energy transition concern, social empowerment, new technology appropriation, and the will to boost social development and urban sustainability...
January 11, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074565/sustaining-screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-sbirt-services-in-health-care-settings
#5
Manu Singh, Amanda Gmyrek, Amy Hernandez, Donna Damon, Susan Hayashi
AIMS: To assess the sustainability of Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) services after cessation of initial start-up funding. DESIGN: Descriptive study with quantitative and qualitative data collected from 34 staff participants from six grantees (comprising 103 sites) funded previously through a large, federally supported SBIRT program. SETTING: Primary care out-patient clinics and hospitals in the United States...
February 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074562/the-influence-of-state-level-policy-environments-on-the-activation-of-the-medicaid-sbirt-reimbursement-codes
#6
Jesse Hinde, Jeremy Bray, David Kaiser, Erin Mallonee
AIMS: To examine how institutional constraints, comprising federal actions and states' substance abuse policy environments, influence states' decisions to activate Medicaid reimbursement codes for screening and brief intervention for risky substance use in the United States. METHODS: A discrete-time duration model was used to estimate the effect of institutional constraints on the likelihood of activating the Medicaid reimbursement codes. Primary constraints included federal Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) grant funding, substance abuse priority, economic climate, political climate and interstate diffusion...
February 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072508/repealing-federal-health-reform-economic-and-employment-consequences-for-states
#7
Leighton Ku, Erika Steinmetz, Erin Brantley, Brian Bruen
Issue: The incoming Trump administration and Republicans in Congress are seeking to repeal the Affordable Care Act (ACA), likely beginning with the law’s insurance premium tax credits and expansion of Medicaid eligibility. Research shows that the loss of these two provisions would lead to a doubling of the number of uninsured, higher uncompensated care costs for providers, and higher taxes for low-income Americans. Goal: To determine the state-by-state effect of repeal on employment and economic activity...
2017: Issue Brief of the Commonwealth Fund
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069846/medicaid-expansion-and-grant-funding-increases-helped-improve-community-health-center-capacity
#8
Xinxin Han, Qian Luo, Leighton Ku
Through the expansion of Medicaid eligibility and increases in core federal grant funding, the Affordable Care Act (ACA) sought to increase the capacity of community health centers to provide primary care to low-income populations. We examined the effects of the ACA Medicaid expansion and changes in federal grant levels on the centers' numbers of patients, percentages of patients by type of insurance, and numbers of visits from 2012 to 2015. In the period after expansion (2014-15), health centers in expansion states had a 5 percent higher total patient volume, larger shares of Medicaid patients, smaller shares of uninsured patients, and increases in overall visits and mental health visits, compared to centers in nonexpansion states...
January 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069845/at-federally-funded-health-centers-medicaid-expansion-was-associated-with-improved-quality-of-care
#9
Megan B Cole, Omar Galárraga, Ira B Wilson, Brad Wright, Amal N Trivedi
In 2014 many uninsured, low-income nonelderly adults gained access to health insurance in states that expanded Medicaid eligibility under the Affordable Care Act. Federally funded community health centers were likely to be particularly affected by this expansion because many of their patients were uninsured and low income. We used a difference-in-differences approach to compare changes among 1,057 such centers in expansion versus nonexpansion states from 2011 to 2014, in terms of their patients' insurance coverage, the number of patients they served, and the quality of care they provided...
January 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062823/health-extension-and-clinical-and-translational-science-an-innovative-strategy-for-community-engagement
#10
Arthur Kaufman, Robert L Rhyne, Juliana Anastasoff, Francisco Ronquillo, Marnie Nixon, Shiraz Mishra, Charlene Poola, Janet Page-Reeves, Carolina Nkouaga, Carla Cordova, Richard S Larson
Health Extension Regional Officers (HEROs) through the University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center (UNMHSC) help to facilitate university-community engagement throughout New Mexico. HEROs, based in communities across the state, link priority community health needs with university resources in education, service, and research. Researchers' studies are usually aligned with federal funding priorities rather than with health priorities expressed by communities. To help overcome this misalignment, the UNM Clinical and Translational Science Center (CTSC) provides partial funding for HEROs to bridge the divide between research priorities of UNMHSC and health priorities of the state's communities...
January 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060965/the-clinical-research-landscape-in-rhode-island
#11
George Mao, Bharat Ramratnam
OBJECTIVES: To present an overview of clinical research activity and the state of medical research funding in Rhode Island. METHODS: We utilized clinicaltrials.gov registry to profile clinical studies between 2011 to 2016. NIH RePORT and other federal databases were used to extract information on levels of federal funding. Previously published hospital financial reports were reviewed for data on hospital-specific total external research funding. RESULTS: During 2011-2016, 1651 clinical studies were registered in clinicaltrials...
January 6, 2017: Rhode Island Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055255/the-case-for-a-federal-mental-health-transition-fund
#12
Alain Lesage, Roger Bland, Ian Musgrave, Egon Jonsson, Mike Kirby, Helen-Maria Vasiliadis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048687/tu-fg-207b-05-funding-opportunities-at-the-national-science-foundation
#13
W Olbricht
: Up-to-date knowledge about federal funding opportunities related to medical physics research, as well as obtaining skills for writing effective grant proposals are critical for academic and entrepreneurial medical physicists. In this symposium, program directors from key federal research funding agencies, including the National Cancer Institute, the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering, and the National Science Foundation, will present information about current funding opportunities relevant to the field of medical physics...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048641/tu-fg-207b-01-report-on-development-of-a-database-of-nih-funding-of-medical-physicists
#14
B Whelan
: Up-to-date knowledge about federal funding opportunities related to medical physics research, as well as obtaining skills for writing effective grant proposals are critical for academic and entrepreneurial medical physicists. In this symposium, program directors from key federal research funding agencies, including the National Cancer Institute, the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering, and the National Science Foundation, will present information about current funding opportunities relevant to the field of medical physics...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048551/we-fg-brb-02-spatial-mapping-of-the-rbe-of-scanned-particle-beams
#15
D Grosshans
: The physical pattern of energy deposition and the enhanced relative biological effectiveness (RBE) of protons and carbon ions compared to photons offer unique and not fully understood or exploited opportunities to improve the efficacy of radiation therapy. Variations in RBE within a pristine or spread out Bragg peak and between particle types may be exploited to enhance cell killing in target regions without a corresponding increase in damage to normal tissue structures. In addition, the decreased sensitivity of hypoxic tumors to photon-based therapies may be partially overcome through the use of more densely ionizing radiations...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048194/we-fg-brb-01-clinical-significance-of-rbe-variations-in-proton-therapy
#16
H Paganetti
: The physical pattern of energy deposition and the enhanced relative biological effectiveness (RBE) of protons and carbon ions compared to photons offer unique and not fully understood or exploited opportunities to improve the efficacy of radiation therapy. Variations in RBE within a pristine or spread out Bragg peak and between particle types may be exploited to enhance cell killing in target regions without a corresponding increase in damage to normal tissue structures. In addition, the decreased sensitivity of hypoxic tumors to photon-based therapies may be partially overcome through the use of more densely ionizing radiations...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048094/mo-de-bra-05-eutempe-rx-combining-e-learning-and-face-to-face-training-to-build-expert-knowledge-skills-and-competences-for-medical-physicists-in-diagnostic-and-interventional-radiology
#17
H Bosmans, N Van Peteghem, A Mackenzie, E Vano, S Creten, M Borowski, S Christofides, C Caruana
PURPOSE: In 2013, the EURATOM authorities of the European Commission decided to support the Horizon2020 project submission 'EUTEMPE-RX' that aimed for a new set of course modules to train medical physicists in diagnostic and interventional radiology to expert level with small group deep learning. Each module would consist of 2 phases: an e-learning and a face-to-face phase, each phase requiring typically 40h of participant time. METHODS: The European Federation (EFOMP) and 13 European partners, all of them selected for their excellent scientific and/or educational skills, led the 12 course modules...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047976/tu-fg-207b-02-nibib-funding-opportunities
#18
S Krosnick
: Up-to-date knowledge about federal funding opportunities related to medical physics research, as well as obtaining skills for writing effective grant proposals are critical for academic and entrepreneurial medical physicists. In this symposium, program directors from key federal research funding agencies, including the National Cancer Institute, the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering, and the National Science Foundation, will present information about current funding opportunities relevant to the field of medical physics...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047638/su-f-p-09-a-global-medical-physics-collaboration-for-implementation-of-modern-radiotherapy-in-botswana
#19
R Makufa, M Bvochora-Nsingo, T Karumekayi, R J Schneider, J A Efstathiou, S Dryden-Peterson, A Odom, A Shulman, Y Pipman, D P Gierga
PURPOSE: The global burden of cancer is considerable, particularly in low and middle-income countries. Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) and Botswana-Harvard AIDS Institute have partnered with the oncology community and government of Botswana to form BOTSOGO (BOTSwana Oncology Global Outreach) to address the rising burden of cancer in Botswana. Currently, radiation therapy (RT) is only available at a single linear accelerator (LINAC) in Gaborone Private Hospital (GPH). BOTSOGO worked to limit the absence of RT during a LINAC upgrade and ensure a safe transition to modern radiotherapy techniques...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047504/su-f-j-21-clinical-evaluation-of-surface-scanning-systems-in-different-treatment-locations
#20
T Moser, S Stefanowicz, B Rhein, D Oetzel, S Adeberg, L Koenig, R Wolf, S Rieken, C Karger
PURPOSE: To reduce imaging dose in fractionated IGRT, the ability of optical surface imaging systems (OSIS) to detect setup errors was tested. Therefore, clinical studies to evaluate for different treatment locations setup corrections derived by OSIS in comparison with x-ray image guidance in fractionated radiation therapy was performed. METHODS: The setup correction accuracy of an OSIS system (AlignRT, VisionRT, London, UK) will be analysed for the 4 tumour locations Pelvis, Upper Abdomen, Thorax and Breast, 20 patients for each location in comparison to a different system (Sentinel, C-RAD, SE)...
June 2016: Medical Physics
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