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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746952/-return-to-work-after-disk-surgery-influenced-by-rehabilitation
#1
Julia Dannenmaier, Sabrina Ritter, Silke Jankowiak, Rainer Kaluscha, Gert Krischak
Objective The aim of this study was a comparison of treatment results in the year after disk surgery between the following treatment groups: rehabilitation immediately after discharge from hospital, rehabilitation with a transition time (at home) up to twenty days after rehabilitation or no rehabilitation. Methods On basis of claims data from a statutory health insurance and the German Federal Pension Fund the comparison of treatment results was performed. Therefore, duration of disability, return to work and early retirement are considered as treatment results and are analyzed using general linear models (GLM)...
July 26, 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737984/evaluating-the-training-responsibilities-and-practices-of-p-t-committee-members-and-nonmember-contributors
#2
Ryan Rodriguez, Brett J Kelly, Mary Moody
BACKGROUND: Pharmacy and therapeutics (P&T) committees are responsible for managing drug formularies in numerous health care settings. Although pharmacy practice and health care organizations provide general recommendations of responsibilities and skills for members and nonmember contributors of P&T committees, the study investigators hypothesized that there is diversity in the training, responsibilities, and practices of these members and contributors. OBJECTIVE: To describe the training, responsibilities, and practices of members and nonmember contributors of P&T committees in a variety of health care settings, using an online survey...
August 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735594/facilitating-partnerships-with-community-and-faith-based-organizations-for-disaster-preparedness-and-response-results-of-a-national-survey-of-public-health-departments
#3
Rachel M Adams, Michael L Prelip, Deborah C Glik, Ian Donatello, David P Eisenman
OBJECTIVE: We identify characteristics of local health departments, which enhance collaborations with community- and faith-based organizations (CFBOs) for emergency preparedness and response. METHODS: Online survey data were collected from a sample of 273 disaster preparedness coordinators working at local health departments across the United States between August and December 2011. RESULTS: Using multiple linear regression models, we found that perceptions of CFBO trust were associated with more successful partnership planning (β=0...
July 24, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730427/-basic-research-in-ophthalmology-in-germany-and-its-international-context
#4
REVIEW
U Schlötzer-Schrehardt, C Cursiefen
BACKGROUND: Experimental basic research provides the foundations for the elucidation of pathophysiological mechanisms of diseases and the development of novel diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for ophthalmological diseases. The objective of this contribution is to provide an overview of the international interconnection of basic research in ophthalmology in Germany. METHODS: The international context of ophthalmological research conducted in Germany is presented by means of personal experiences and data published by the German Ophthalmological Society (DOG), the German Research Foundation (DFG) and the European Union (EU)...
July 20, 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724152/cost-of-incremental-expansion-of-an-existing-family-medicine-residency-program
#5
Evan A Ashkin, Warren P Newton, Brian Toomey, Ronald Lingley, Cristen P Page
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Expanding residency training programs to address shortages in the primary care workforce is challenged by the present graduate medical education (GME) environment. The Medicare funding cap on new GME positions and reductions in the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) Teaching Health Center (THC) GME program require innovative solutions to support primary care residency expansion. Sparse literature exists to assist in predicting the actual cost of incremental expansion of a family medicine residency program without federal or state GME support...
July 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720635/increased-public-accountability-for-hospital-nonprofit-status-potential-impacts-on-residency-positions
#6
Melanie C Raffoul, Robert L Phillips
BACKGROUND: The Institute of Medicine recently called for greater graduate medical education (GME) accountability for meeting the workforce needs of the nation. The Affordable Care Act expanded community health needs assessment (CHNA) requirements for nonprofit and tax-exempt hospitals to include community assessment, intervention, and evaluation every 3 years but did not specify details about workforce. Texas receives relatively little federal GME funding but has used Medicaid waivers to support GME expansion...
July 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719885/racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-opioid-agonist-treatment-for-opioid-use-disorder-in-a-u-s-national-sample
#7
Noa Krawczyk, Kenneth A Feder, Michael I Fingerhood, Brendan Saloner
BACKGROUND: Opioid Agonist Treatment (OAT) is the standard of care for the treatment of opioid use disorders. However, most people in treatment do not receive OAT. This study evaluated whether there are racial and/or ethnic differences in OAT receipt among adults entering specialty treatment for opioid use disorders in publicly-funded treatment programs across the U.S. METHODS: Using data from the national Treatment: Episode Data Base, odds of OAT receipt were compared among black, Hispanic and white clients...
July 11, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711585/global-outbreak-of-severe-mycobacterium-chimaera-disease-after-cardiac-surgery-a-molecular-epidemiological-study
#8
Jakko van Ingen, Thomas A Kohl, Katharina Kranzer, Barbara Hasse, Peter M Keller, Anna Katarzyna Szafrańska, Doris Hillemann, Meera Chand, Peter Werner Schreiber, Rami Sommerstein, Christoph Berger, Michele Genoni, Christian Rüegg, Nicolas Troillet, Andreas F Widmer, Sören L Becker, Mathias Herrmann, Tim Eckmanns, Sebastian Haller, Christiane Höller, Sylvia B Debast, Maurice J Wolfhagen, Joost Hopman, Jan Kluytmans, Merel Langelaar, Daan W Notermans, Jaap Ten Oever, Peter van den Barselaar, Alexander B A Vonk, Margreet C Vos, Nada Ahmed, Timothy Brown, Derrick Crook, Theresa Lamagni, Nick Phin, E Grace Smith, Maria Zambon, Annerose Serr, Tim Götting, Winfried Ebner, Alexander Thürmer, Christian Utpatel, Cathrin Spröer, Boyke Bunk, Ulrich Nübel, Guido V Bloemberg, Erik C Böttger, Stefan Niemann, Dirk Wagner, Hugo Sax
BACKGROUND: Since 2013, over 100 cases of Mycobacterium chimaera prosthetic valve endocarditis and disseminated disease were notified in Europe and the USA, linked to contaminated heater-cooler units (HCUs) used during cardiac surgery. We did a molecular epidemiological investigation to establish the source of these patients' disease. METHODS: We included 24 M chimaera isolates from 21 cardiac surgery-related patients in Switzerland, Germany, the Netherlands, and the UK, 218 M chimaera isolates from various types of HCUs in hospitals, from LivaNova (formerly Sorin; London, UK) and Maquet (Rastatt, Germany) brand HCU production sites, and unrelated environmental sources and patients, as well as eight Mycobacterium intracellulare isolates...
July 12, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707507/marketplace-clinics-complementing-diabetes-care-for-urban-residing-american-indians
#9
Robert Rick, Robert E Hoye, Raymond W Thron, Vibha Kumar
INTRODUCTION: For several decades, the Minneapolis American Indian population has experienced limited health care access and threefold diabetes health disparity. As part of an urban health initiative, the marketplace clinics located in nearby CVS, Target, and Supervalu stores committed financial support, providers, certified educators, and pharmacy staff for a community-based diabetes support group. OBJECTIVES: To measure the extent to which collaborating marketplace clinics and the community-based support group expanded diabetes care and provided self-management education for this largely urban Indian neighborhood...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704970/integrating-mental-and-physical-health-care-for-low-income-americans-assessing-a-federal-program-s-initial-impact-on-access-and-cost
#10
Evan V Goldstein
Individuals with mental health disorders often die decades earlier than the average person, and low-income individuals disproportionately experience limited access to necessary services. In 2014, the U.S. Health Resources & Services Administration (HRSA) leveraged Affordable Care Act funds to address these challenges through behavioral health integration. The objective of this study is to assess the US$55 million program's first-year impact on access and cost. This analysis uses multivariable difference-in-difference regression models to estimate changes in outcomes between the original 219 Federally Qualified Health Center (FQHC) Behavioral Health Integration grantees and two comparison groups...
July 12, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699401/student-hunger-on-campus-food-insecurity-among-college-students-and-implications-for-academic-institutions
#11
Devon C Payne-Sturges, Allison Tjaden, Kimberly M Caldeira, Kathryn B Vincent, Amelia M Arria
PURPOSE: To estimate the prevalence of food insecurity among students at a large mid-Atlantic publicly funded university; examine the association between food insecurity, demographic characteristics, potential financial risk factors, and self-reported physical and mental health and academic performance; and identify possible risk factors for food insecurity. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Large, public mid-Atlantic university. PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred thirty-seven undergraduate students...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689560/the-impact-of-federal-policy-changes-and-initiatives-on-breastfeeding-initiation-rates-and%C3%A2-attitudes-toward-breastfeeding-among-wic%C3%A2-participants
#12
Anthony Dominic Panzera, Karen Castellanos-Brown, Courtney Paolicelli, Ruth Morgan, Anna Potter, Danielle Berman
To explore the effects of the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) on participants' breastfeeding (BF) practices, studies that use large national samples are warranted. The US Department of Agriculture's Food and Nutrition Service funded several studies that leveraged national samples of WIC agencies, sites, and participants to evaluate how WIC affects BF outcomes among its participants. This report integrates findings across multiple Food and Nutrition Service-funded studies to describe important program benefits and how the program and its benefits supported positive attitudes and beliefs toward BF, as well as higher rates of BF initiation...
July 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684631/peer-review-practices-for-evaluating-biomedical-research-grants-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#13
REVIEW
Lucy Liaw, Jane E Freedman, Lance B Becker, Nehal N Mehta, Laura Liscum
The biomedical research enterprise depends on the fair and objective peer review of research grants, leading to the distribution of resources through efficient and robust competitive methods. In the United States, federal funding agencies and foundations collectively distribute billions of dollars annually to support biomedical research. For the American Heart Association, a Peer Review Subcommittee is charged with establishing the highest standards for peer review. This scientific statement reviews the current literature on peer review practices, describes the current American Heart Association peer review process and those of other agencies, analyzes the strengths and weaknesses of American Heart Association peer review practices, and recommends best practices for the future...
July 6, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684025/statutory-health-insurance-in-germany-a-health-system-shaped-by-135-years-of-solidarity-self-governance-and-competition
#14
REVIEW
Reinhard Busse, Miriam Blümel, Franz Knieps, Till Bärnighausen
Bismarck's Health Insurance Act of 1883 established the first social health insurance system in the world. The German statutory health insurance system was built on the defining principles of solidarity and self-governance, and these principles have remained at the core of its continuous development for 135 years. A gradual expansion of population and benefits coverage has led to what is, in 2017, universal health coverage with a generous benefits package. Self-governance was initially applied mainly to the payers (the sickness funds) but was extended in 1913 to cover relations between sickness funds and doctors, which in turn led to the right for insured individuals to freely choose their health-care providers...
July 3, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682744/pharmacist-driven-strategies-for-hypertension-management-in-los-angeles-a-community-and-stakeholder-needs-assessment-2014-2015
#15
Noel C Barragan, Amelia R DeFosset, Jennifer Torres, Tony Kuo
In 2014, the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health received federal funding to improve the prevention and control of hypertension in the population through team-based health care delivery models, such as pharmacist-led medication therapy management. To inform this work, the department conducted a 3-part needs assessment consisting of 1) a targeted context scan of regional policies and efforts, 2) a key stakeholder survey, and 3) a public opinion internet-panel survey of Los Angeles residents. Results suggest that political will and professional readiness exists for expansion of pharmacist-led medication management strategies in Los Angeles...
July 6, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675134/overview-of-the-infant-and-young-child-feeding-policy-environment-in-pakistan-federal-sindh-and-punjab-context
#16
Hana Mahmood, Yasmeen Suleman, Tabish Hazir, Durre Samin Akram, Shahadat Uddin, Michael J Dibley, Saleem Abassi, Amara Shakeel, Narjis Kazmi, Anne Marie Thow
BACKGROUND: Appropriate infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices have been identified as important for appropriate child growth and development. (Ministry of Planning and Development, Ministry of National Health Services, Regulations and Coordination (2012)) Children in Pakistan still experience high rates of malnutrition, indicating a likely need for stronger IYCF policy. The purpose of this study was to identify major stakeholders who shape the IYCF policy environment and analyze which policies protect, promote and support IYCF practices, either directly or indirectly...
June 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671514/a-day-on-the-hill
#17
Beth Mattey
This article describes the author's advocacy experience at a press briefing on Capitol Hill. At stake is the continuation of Medicaid and Children's Health Insurance Program-funded health insurance to our most vulnerable children-those living in poverty and those with chronic health conditions. Current legislation proposes to impose block grants or per capita caps on federal funding for Medicaid and will put the reauthorization of the Children's Health Insurance Program at risk. Schools stand to lose over 4 billion dollars in reimbursement for services that students need to succeed in school...
July 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666693/effect-of-severity-of-illness-on-cesarean-delivery-rates-in-washington-state
#18
Jane Hitti, Suzan Walker, Thomas J Benedetti
BACKGROUND: Hospitals and providers are increasingly held accountable for their cesarean delivery rates. In the perinatal quality improvement arena, there is vigorous debate about whether all hospitals can be held to the same benchmark for an acceptable cesarean rate regardless of patient acuity. However, the causes of variation in hospital cesarean delivery rates are not well understood. OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate the association and temporal trends between severity of illness at admission and the primary term singleton vertex cesarean delivery rate among hospitals in Washington State...
June 27, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664447/establishing-an-integrated-health-care-clinic-in-a-community-mental-health-center-lessons-learned
#19
Aniyizhai Annamalai, Martha Staeheli, Robert A Cole, Jeanne L Steiner
Integrating primary care with behavioral health services at community mental health centers is one response to the disparity in mortality and morbidity experienced by adults with serious mental illnesses and co-occurring substance use disorders. Many integration models have been developed in response to the Primary and Behavioral Health Care Integration (PBHCI) initiative of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). One model is a primary care clinic co-located within the mental health center...
June 30, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663181/viewing-health-equity-through-a-legal-lens-title-vi-of-the-1964-civil-rights-act
#20
Sara Rosenbaum, Sara Schmucker
Enacted as part of the watershed Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title VI prohibits discrimination by federally assisted entities on the basis of race, color, or national origin. Indeed, the law is as broad as federal funding across the full range of programs and services that affect health. Over the years, governmental enforcement efforts have waxed and waned, and private litigants have confronted barriers to directly invoking its protections. But Title VI endures as the formal mechanism by which the nation rejects discrimination within federally funded programs and services...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
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