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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144432/climate-change-and-schools-environmental-hazards-and-resiliency
#1
Perry E Sheffield, Simone A M Uijttewaal, James Stewart, Maida P Galvez
The changing climate is creating additional challenges in maintaining a healthy school environment in the United States (U.S.) where over 50 million people, mostly children, spend approximately a third of their waking hours. Chronic low prioritization of funds and resources to support environmental health in schools and lack of clear regulatory oversight in the U.S. undergird the new risks from climate change. We illustrate the extent of risk and the variation in vulnerability by geographic region, in the context of sparse systematically collected and comparable data particularly about school infrastructure...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140916/gender-disparities-in-medical-student-research-awards-a-thirteen-year-study-from-the-yale-school-of-medicine
#2
Joseph T King, Nancy R Angoff, John N Forrest, Amy C Justice
PURPOSE: Instruction in research conduct is currently required, and many U.S. medical schools require students to complete a research project. Each year all Yale School of Medicine (YSM) graduating students submit a research thesis, and ~5% are awarded highest honors. Gender disparities exist in areas related to physician research productivity, including academic rank, research funding, and publications. The authors asked whether gender disparities exist for medical student research. METHOD: The authors conducted a retrospective review of 1,120 theses submitted by graduating medical students from 2003-2015 at YSM and collected data on gender, mentoring, research type, sponsoring department, and other characteristics...
November 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140662/re-framing-biotechnology-regulation
#3
Alison Peck
Biotechnology is about to spill the banks of federal regulation. New genetic engineering techniques like CRISPR-Cas9 promise revolutionary breakthroughs in medicine, agriculture, and public health—but those techniques would not be regulated under the terms of the Coordinated Framework for Regulation of Biotechnology. This revolutionary moment in biotechnology offers an opportunity to correct the flaws in the framework, which was hastily patched together at the advent of the technology. The framework has never captured all relevant technologies, has never satisfied the public that risk is being effectively managed, and has never been accessible to small companies and publicly-funded labs that increasingly are positioned to make radical, life-saving innovations...
2017: Food and Drug Law Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140657/sunlight-and-other-disinfectants-disclosure-obligations-under-the-federal-securities-and-drug-regulatory-regimes
#4
Joseph G Milner
Drug development requires patience. Beyond the inherent uncertainty of the development process itself, U.S. drug developers must comply with the regulatory approval process overseen by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Because this process takes time, drug development also costs money. Drug companies seeking to raise funds in U.S. capital markets must navigate the securities regime governed by the Securities & Exchange Commission (SEC). Despite their similar roles as protectors of consumers and public markets, SEC and FDA send conflicting signals about the information drug companies need to disclose to the public...
2017: Food and Drug Law Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134069/engaging-rural-australian-communities-in-national-science-week-helps-increase-visibility-for-women-researchers
#5
Margaret C Hardy, Mathilde R Desselle
During a week-long celebration of science, run under the federally supported National Science Week umbrella, the Catch a Rising Star: women in Queensland research (CaRS) programme flew scientists who identify as women to nine regional and remote communities in the Australian State of Queensland. The aim of the project was twofold: first, to bring science to remote and regional communities in a large, economically diverse state; and second, to determine whether media and public engagement provides career advancement opportunities for women scientists...
October 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121177/out-of-pocket-and-health-care-spending-changes-for-patients-using-orally-administered-anticancer-therapy-after-adoption-of-state-parity-laws
#6
Stacie B Dusetzina, Haiden A Huskamp, Aaron N Winn, Ethan Basch, Nancy L Keating
Importance: Oral anticancer medications are increasingly important but costly treatment options for patients with cancer. By early 2017, 43 states and Washington, DC, had passed laws to ensure patients with private insurance enrolled in fully insured health plans pay no more for anticancer medications administered by mouth than anticancer medications administered by infusion. Federal legislation regarding this issue is currently pending. Despite their rapid acceptance, the changes associated with state adoption of oral chemotherapy parity laws have not been described...
November 9, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117949/trends-in-hearing-loss-among-adolescents
#7
Tyson S Barrett, Karl R White
OBJECTIVES: Our aim with this article is to evaluate whether the prevalence of hearing loss is increasing among adolescents living in the United States. METHODS: All available data about hearing loss among adolescents from the large, federally funded National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were analyzed. By using the 4 data releases between 1994 and 2010 (a total of 6891 adolescents), the prevalence of adolescent hearing loss >15 and ≥25 dB at low frequencies (0...
November 8, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115070/legislative-issues-in-disclosing-financial-conflicts-of-interest-to-participants-in-biomedical-research-effectiveness-and-methodology
#8
REVIEW
Jae Sun Kim
This research focuses on the analysis regarding disclosure of financial conflicts of interest (FCOI) after Gelsinger v. University of Pennsylvania (Penn). The main legal issue was that the participants did not have enough opportunity to make an autonomous decision about participating in the research because he was not informed about the researchers' and the institution's substantial FCOI. The disclosure system was adopted by the Code of Federal Regulations. Under the regulation, researchers and institutions need to report FCOI over $5,000 to the institution, and the internal review boards have to report to the federal authority if needed...
December 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112075/consequences-of-a-changing-us-strategy-in-the-global-hiv-investment-landscape
#9
Jessica B McGillen, Alana Sharp, Brian Honermann, Gregorio Millett, Chris Collins, Timothy B Hallett
OBJECTIVE: The global fight against HIV/AIDS in Africa has long been a focus of US foreign policy, but this could change if the federal budget for 2018 proposed by the US Office of Management and Budget is adopted. We aim to inform public and Congressional debate around this issue by evaluating the historical and potential future impact of US investment in the African HIV response. DESIGN/METHODS: We use a previously published mathematical model of HIV transmission to characterize the possible impact of a series of financial scenarios for the historical and future AIDS response across Sub-Saharan Africa...
November 28, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105101/ethical-challenges-inherent-in-the-evaluation-of-an-american-indian-alaskan-native-circles-of-care-project
#10
David A Julian, Tyrone Smith, R Andrew Hunt
This article provides first-person accounts of ethical issues inherent in an evaluation of the Native American Indian Center of Central Ohio (NAICCO) Circles of Care project. Circles of Care is a three-year, infrastructure development program funded through the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) which is part of the federal Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS). The grant program is for American Indian and Alaskan Native (AI/AN) tribes and urban Indian communities and includes a strong emphasis on community engagement and community ownership...
November 3, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093967/a-multisite-study-of-performance-drivers-among-institutional-review-boards
#11
Michael Caligiuri, Karen Allen, Nate Buscher, Lisa Denney, Cynthia Gates, Kip Kantelo, Anthony Magit, Rachael Sak, Gary S Firestein, John Fontanesi
Introduction: The time required to obtain Institutional Review Board (IRB) approval is a frequent subject of efforts to reduce unnecessary delays in initiating clinical trials. This study was conducted by and for IRB directors to better understand factors affecting approval times as a first step in developing a quality improvement framework. Methods: 807 IRB-approved clinical trials from 5 University of California campuses were analyzed to identify operational and clinical trial characteristics influencing IRB approval times...
June 2017: Journal of clinical and translational science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092064/perspectives-on-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-is-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-research-underfunded
#12
Soumia Brakta, Daria Lizneva, Kateryna Mykhalchenko, Adonis Imam, Walidah Walker, Michael P Diamond, Ricardo Azziz
Context: The Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine-metabolic abnormality with a worldwide prevalence of 4%-21%, depending on diagnostic criteria. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is the largest single funding agency in the world, invests nearly $30.0 billion annually in biomedical research. Evidence Acquisition: Utilizing the NIH RePorter system we searched for all grants awarded by the NIH for PCOS and three other disorders with comparable degrees of morbidity, and similar or lower mortality and prevalences (i...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089015/a-response-to-proposed-budget-cuts-affecting-children-s-mental-health-protecting-policies-and-programs-that-promote-collective-efficacy
#13
Kimberly Eaton Hoagwood, Marc Atkins, Sarah Horwitz, Krista Kutash, S Serene Olin, Barbara Burns, Robin Peth-Pierce, Anne Kuppinger, Geraldine Burton, Priscilla Shorter, Kelly J Kelleher
Children stand to lose if the federal government follows through on threats to cut funding for critical safety-net programs that have long supported families and communities. Although cuts directly targeting children's mental health are a great concern, cuts to policies that support health, housing, education, and family income are equally disturbing. These less publicized proposed cuts affect children indirectly, but they have direct effects on their families and communities. The importance of these services is supported by an extensive body of social learning research that promotes collective efficacy-neighbors positively influencing each other-shown to have positive long-term effects on children's development and adult outcomes...
November 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082030/the-health-equity-leadership-institute-heli-developing-workforce-capacity-for-health-disparities-research
#14
James Butler, Craig S Fryer, Earlise Ward, Katelyn Westaby, Alexandra Adams, Sarah L Esmond, Mary A Garza, Janice A Hogle, Linda M Scholl, Sandra C Quinn, Stephen B Thomas, Christine A Sorkness
INTRODUCTION: Efforts to address health disparities and achieve health equity are critically dependent on the development of a diverse research workforce. However, many researchers from underrepresented backgrounds face challenges in advancing their careers, securing independent funding, and finding the mentorship needed to expand their research. METHODS: Faculty from the University of Maryland at College Park and the University of Wisconsin-Madison developed and evaluated an intensive week-long research and career-development institute-the Health Equity Leadership Institute (HELI)-with the goal of increasing the number of underrepresented scholars who can sustain their ongoing commitment to health equity research...
June 2017: Journal of clinical and translational science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070155/strengthening-the-american-academy-of-pediatric-dentistry-s-public-policy-advocate-network-identifying-advocacy-efforts-and-recommendations
#15
Benjamin D Curtis, C Ashley Orynich, Paul S Casamassimo, N Sue Seale, Paul Reggiardo, Robin Wright, C Scott Litch
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to collect information on involvement, training, and barriers to participation in advocacy efforts for Public Policy Advocates (PPAs) of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD) and make recommendations to the AAPD. METHODS: Preliminary data were collected from the PPAs during structured AAPD program meetings, conference calls, and individual interviews. Based on these data, a survey was created, piloted, and sent electronically to all PPAs...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069185/federal-financing-of-health-surveillance-in-brazil-from-2005-to-2012-an-analysis-of-distribution-of-resources
#16
Marcelo Battesini, Carla Lourenço Tavares de Andrade, Marismary Horsth De Seta
Health Surveillance carries out a set of actions to prevent health risks related to the consumption of products and the provision of services under the Unified Health System (SUS). The implementation of Health Surveillance actions relies heavily on the federal funding policy, which induces its decentralization. This text aims to analyze the federal funding of Health Surveillance to States and Municipalities from the scheduled onlendings in the period 2005-2012. Among the main results are the increase of per capita values, steady at around the mean value of R$ 1...
October 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068716/perspectives-on-hiv-testing-among-wic-enrolled-postpartum-women-implications-for-intervention-development
#17
Yukiko Washio, Elizabeth Novack Wright, Dalmacio Flores, Annet Davis, Jesse Chittams, Claire Anagnostopulos, Linda M Kilby, Anne M Teitelman
Low-income minority women are disproportionately represented among those living with HIV in the U.S and also at-risk for substance abuse and intimate partner violence-collectively called the SAVA syndemic-which may impede HIV testing uptake. Views about HIV testing were assessed among women (ages 18-29) enrolled in a federally funded nutrition program for women, infants, and children (WIC) in a large Mid-Atlantic city. A survey (n = 80) and three focus groups were conducted in WIC offices located in neighborhoods with high HIV prevalence...
October 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065849/biocompatible-synthetic-and-semi-synthetic-polymers-a-patent-preliminary-analysis
#18
Balu Ranganathan, Charles Miller, Anthony Sinskey
Bioengineering has come of ages by setting up spare parts manufacturing units to be used in human body such as invasive implants and interventional controlled drug delivery in vivo systems. As a matter of fact patients on basis of their fiscal strength have the option of undergoing prophylactic tactical manoeuvre for longevity. In this sphere of invasive implants, biocompatible polymer implants are a state of the art cutting edge technology with outstanding innovations leading to number of very successful start-up companies with a plethora of patent portfolios...
October 23, 2017: Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057152/modeling-dr-dynasaur-2-0-coverage-and-finance-proposals-effects-of-the-expansion-of-vermont-s-dr-dynasaur-program-to-all-individuals-through-age-25
#19
Andrew W Dick, Carter C Price, Dulani Woods, Deborah Anne Freund, Martin McNamara, Steven P Schramm, Elrycc Berkman, Tom Dehner
The authors assessed an expansion of Vermont's Dr. Dynasaur program that would cover all residents age 25 and younger. The current Dr. Dynasaur program combines Vermont's Medicaid program and Child Health Insurance Program for children ages 0 through 18 to provide a seamless insurance program for those with family incomes below 317 percent of the federal poverty level. The authors used RAND's COMPARE-VT microsimulation model with Vermont-specific demographic, economic, and actuarial data to estimate the effects on health insurance coverage, costs, and premiums...
January 2017: Rand Health Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052634/federal-funding-stifled-by-budgets-not-irrelevance
#20
Thomas O Baldwin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 18, 2017: Nature
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