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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668141/-prevalence-and-risk-factors-associated-to-tuberculosis-and-non-tuberculous-mycobacterial-infections-in-hiv-positive-patients-in-bogot%C3%A3
#1
Magda Beltrán-León, Francy Pérez-Llanos, Liliana Sánchez, Carlos Parra-López, Myriam Navarrete, Ricardo Sánchez, Carlos Awad, Ana María Granada, Edgardo Quintero, Óscar Briceño, Óscar Cruz, Martha Isabel Murcia
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis is one of the most widely distributed infectious diseases worldwide. It is the most common cause of mortality among AIDS patients. In Colombia, 12,918 tuberculosis cases were notified, and 926 deaths were reported in 2015. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and risk factors associated to mycobacterial infections in HIVpositive patients in two public hospitals from Bogotá. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective and descriptive study was carried out by an active search for tuberculosis cases and non-tuberculous mycobacterial infections in HIV-positive patients...
March 15, 2018: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666654/determinants-of-antenatal-healthcare-utilisation-by-pregnant-women-in-third-trimester-in-peri-urban-ghana
#2
Jones Asafo Akowuah, Peter Agyei-Baffour, Dadson Awunyo-Vitor
Access to quality healthcare still remains a major challenge in the efforts at reversing maternal morbidity and mortality. Despite the availability of established maternal health interventions, the health of the expectant mother and the unborn child remains poor due to low utilisation of interventions. The study examined the socioeconomic determinants of antenatal care utilisation in peri-urban Ghana using pregnant women who are in their third trimester. Two-stage sampling technique was used to sample 200 pregnant women who were in their third trimester from the District Health Information Management System software...
2018: Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666199/does-magnesium-sulfate-have-a-role-in-the-management-of-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-in-civilian-and-military-populations-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Marc W H Lyons, W J Blackshaw
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a significant cause of combat morbidity. Currently, the medical management of TBI is limited to supportive critical care. Magnesium sulfate has been studied as a potentially beneficial therapeutic agent. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis was undertaken, examining the role of magnesium in the management of severe TBI in adults. The primary outcome of the study was all-cause mortality, with secondary outcomes of Glasgow Outcome Score (GOS) and GCS...
April 17, 2018: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665839/the-efficiency-of-risedronate-in-reducing-bone-resorption-after-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-control-trials-at-a-minimum-of-6-months-follow-up
#4
Liqing Yang
BACKGROUND: Recently risedronate is suggested to be effective for the prevention and treatment of for osteoporosis in total hip arthroplasty. This meta-analysis aimes to evaluate the efficacy of risedronate in reducing femoral periprosthetic bone mineral density loss in patients undergoing primary total hip arthroplasty. METHODS: A systematic search was performed in Medline (1966-31 October 2017), PubMed (1966-31 October 2017), Embase (1980-31 October 2017), ScienceDirect (1985-31 October 2017) and the Cochrane Library...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663954/characteristics-of-a-large-latent-tuberculous-infection-screening-programme-using-quantiferon-%C3%A2-tb-gold-in-korea
#5
H-J Hwang, J-H Park, S Nam, H-J Lee, H-J Kim, S Yu, S-Y Shin
BACKGROUND: As mentioned in the 'Action Strategy for TB Safe Korea' in March 2017, almost 2 million Koreans were screened for latent tuberculous infection (LTBI) in 2017. As a preliminary step, the Korean Institute of Tuberculosis (KIT) screened 23 824 individuals from various population groups. The present study aimed to characterise the data collected from the screening programme using the QuantiFERON®-TB Gold In-Tube (QFT) assay. METHODS: Interferon-gamma release assays were performed using the manual QFT or automated DS2 instruments...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663581/systematic-review-meta-analysis-and-meta-regression-successful-second-line-treatment-for-helicobacter-pylori
#6
REVIEW
Neus Muñoz, Jordi Sánchez-Delgado, Mireia Baylina, Ignasi Puig, Sheila López-Góngora, David Suarez, Xavier Calvet
BACKGROUND: Multiple Helicobacter pylori second-line schedules have been described as potentially useful. It remains unclear, however, which are the best combinations, and which features of second-line treatments are related to better cure rates. The aim of this study was to determine that second-line treatments achieved excellent (>90%) cure rates by performing a systematic review and when possible a meta-analysis. A meta-regression was planned to determine the characteristics of treatments achieving excellent cure rates...
April 16, 2018: Helicobacter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663580/emergency-physician-interpretation-of-point-of-care-ultrasound-for-identifying-and-grading-of-hydronephrosis-in-renal-colic-compared-with-consensus-interpretation-by-emergency-radiologists
#7
Sameer A Pathan, Biswadev Mitra, Salman Mirza, Umais Momin, Zahoor Ahmed, Lubna G Andraous, Dharmesh Shukla, Mohammed Y Shariff, Magid M Makki, Tinsy T George, Saad S Khan, Stephen H Thomas, Peter A Cameron
OBJECTIVE: The ability of emergency physicians (EP) to identify hydronephrosis using point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) has been assessed in the past using CT scans as the reference standard. We aimed to determine the ability of EP for identifying and grading of hydronephrosis on POCUS using the consensus interpretation of POCUS by emergency radiologists as the reference standard. METHODS: The study was conducted at an urban academic emergency department (ED) as a secondary analysis of previously collected ultrasound data from the EP performed POCUS-databank...
April 16, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662791/meta-analysis-of-urinary-c-terminal-telopeptide-of-type-ii-collagen-as-a-biomarker-in-osteoarthritis-diagnosis
#8
Mingjian Huang, Jingyu Zhao, Yan Huang, Liming Dai, Xiaoling Zhang
Objective: This study aims to discover that the urinary C-terminal telopeptide of type II collagen (uCTX-II) levels differ between osteoarthritis (OA) patients and healthy individuals (controls). According to this difference, we may conclude that uCTX-II can be a biomarker for OA diagnosis. Methods: We searched MEDLINE and EMBASE databases updated to 2014 to find literature on OA biomarkers. We retrieved the publications that met the required criterion. Literature quality was assessed according to the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale...
April 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Translation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661240/access-factors-linked-to-maternal-deaths-in-lundazi-district-eastern-province-of-zambia-a-case-control-study-analysing-maternal-death-reviews
#9
Nkumbula Moyo, Mpundu Makasa, Mumbi Chola, Patrick Musonda
BACKGROUND: Access factors associated with maternal death are important to understand because they are considered to be an essential measure of women's health and indicative of the performance of health care systems in any community globally. This study aimed to analyse the access risk factors linked to maternal deaths in Lundazi district of the Eastern Province of Zambia using secondary data obtained from maternal death reviews and delivery registers. METHODS: This was a case-control study with cases being recorded maternal deaths for Lundazi district (n = 100) while controls were randomly selected Lundazi District Hospital deliveries (n = 300) for the period 2010 to 2015...
April 16, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661178/mobile-health-tool-to-improve-maternal-and-neonatal-health-care-in-bangladesh-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Ruoyan Gai Tobe, Syed Emdadul Haque, Kiyoko Ikegami, Rintaro Mori
BACKGROUND: In Bangladesh, the targets on reduction of maternal mortality and utilization of related obstetric services provided by skilled health personnel in Millennium Development Goals 5 remains unmet, and the progress in reduction of neonatal mortality lag behind that in the reduction of infant and under-five mortalities, remaining as an essential issue towards the achievement of maternal and neonatal health targets in health related Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). As access to appropriate perinatal care is crucial to reduce maternal and neonatal deaths, recently several mobile platform-based health programs sponsored by donor countries and Non-Governmental Organizations have targeted to reduce maternal and child mortality...
April 16, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660820/human-immunodeficiency-virus-in-patients-with-tuberculous-meningitis-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Ali Pormohammad, Mohammad Javad Nasiri, Seyed Mohammad Riahi, Fatemeh Fallah
INTRODUCTION: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) -infected individuals are at increased risk for all forms of extrapulmonary tuberculosis (TB), including tuberculous meningitis (TBM). The current study aimed to investigate the frequency of HIV in TBM patients. METHODS: PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Library were searched for articles including relevant data. Stata version 14.0 (StataCorp, College Station, Texas, USA) was used to analyze the data. RESULTS: Twenty studies were identified...
April 16, 2018: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660614/the-association-between-borna-disease-virus-and-schizophrenia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Milad Azami, Farid Azizi Jalilian, Ali Khorshidi, Younes Mohammadi, Zeinab Tardeh
INTRODUCTION: Schizophrenia is a disabling psychiatric disorder. The role of Borna Disease Virus (BDV) in the etiology of schizophrenia has been suggested by several studies. However, the existence of such association remained controversial. The present meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate this association. METHOD: This systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted using preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analysis (PRISMA). Online databases including Scopus, PubMed, Science direct, Embase, PsycINFO, Web of Science and Google scholar search engine were searched until January 15, 2017...
November 28, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652938/cost-of-malaria-treatment-and-health-seeking-behaviour-of-children-under-five-years-in-the-upper-west-region-of-ghana
#13
Maxwell Ayindenaba Dalaba, Paul Welaga, Abraham Oduro, Laata Latif Danchaka, Chieko Matsubara
BACKGROUND: There is limited knowledge on cost of treating malaria in children under-five years in northern Ghana which poses a challenge in determining whether interventions such as the National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) and Community-based Health Planning and Services (CHPS) have reduced the economic burden of malaria to households or not. This study examined the malaria care seeking and cost of treatment in children under-five years in the Upper West Region of Ghana. METHODS: The study used a cross-sectional, quantitative design and data were collected between July and August 2016 in three districts in the Upper West Region of Ghana...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649818/the-risk-of-human-papillomavirus-infection-for-spontaneous-abortion-spontaneous-preterm-birth-and-pregnancy-rate-of-assisted-reproductive-technologies-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Yi-Quan Xiong, Yun Mo, Qiao-Ming Luo, Shu-Ting Huo, Wen-Qiao He, Qing Chen
AIMS: To estimate the impact of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection on spontaneous abortion, spontaneous preterm birth (sPTB), pregnancy rate of females undergoing assisted reproductive technologies (ART), and spontaneous abortion of ART pregnancy. METHODS: PubMed, Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were searched until December 16, 2016. The OR or relative risk (RR) with its corresponding 95% CI were selected as effect size. Subgroup analysis of HPV genotype infection (high-risk HPV [HR-HPV] or indiscriminate genotype) was performed...
April 12, 2018: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649253/prevalence-and-predictors-of-khat-chewing-among-ethiopian-university-students-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Alemu Gebrie, Animut Alebel, Abriham Zegeye, Bekele Tesfaye
BACKGROUND: Khat chewing has become a common practice among university students in developing countries like Ethiopia. It has a potential effect on physical, mental, social and cognitive aspects of student functioning. In Ethiopia, study findings regarding the prevalence of khat chewing were highly dispersed and inconsistent. Therefore, this systematic review and meta-analysis estimates the pooled prevalence of khat chewing and its predictors among Ethiopian university students. METHOD: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to assess the prevalence and predictors of khat chewing among university students in Ethiopia...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644471/assessment-of-psychological-distress-among-asian-adolescents-and-young-adults-aya-cancer-patients-using-the-distress-thermometer-a-prospective-longitudinal-study
#16
Alexandre Chan, Eileen Poon, Wei Lin Goh, Yanxiang Gan, Chia Jie Tan, Kelvin Yeo, Annabelle Chua, Magdalene Chee, Yi Chye Law, Nagavalli Somasundaram, Ravindran Kanesvaran, Quan Sing Ng, Chee Kian Tham, Chee Keong Toh, Soon Thye Lim, Miriam Tao, Tiffany Tang, Richard Quek, Mohamad Farid
PURPOSE: Since few studies have investigated whether the Distress Thermometer (DT) in Asian adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer patients (between 15 and 39 years), we investigated the appropriateness of the DT as a screening tool for psychological symptom burden in these AYA patients and to evaluate AYA patients' distress across a trajectory of three time points longitudinally over a 6-month period. METHODS: This was a prospective, longitudinal study. Recruited Asian AYA patients were diagnosed with lymphomas, sarcomas, primary brain malignancies, or germ cell tumors...
April 11, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643552/anaesthetic-management-and-perioperative-outcomes-of-cytoreductive-surgery-with-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-a-retrospective-analysis
#17
Kalpana P Balakrishnan, Sreedevi Survesan
Background and Aims: Cytoreductive surgery (CRS) combined with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) is becoming the standard treatment option for peritoneal carcinomatosis but is associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality. Our aim was to retrospectively analyse and evaluate intra-operative factors associated with morbidity and mortality of CRS and HIPEC. Methods: Intra-operative data were collected for cases done over 1 year (24 cases) and analysed for the primary outcome of post-operative ventilation >24 h, and secondary outcome of length of the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) stay >5 days...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642733/warfarin-patients-with-anemia-show-trend-of-out-of-range-international-normalized-ratio-frequency-with-point-of-care-testing-in-an-anticoagulation-clinic
#18
Christina E DeRemer, Bliss McMichael, Henry N Young
INTRODUCTION: Many factors influence international normalized ratio (INR); however, few studies have examined the impact of anemia in warfarin patients. The primary objective of this study was to explore the relationship between in-clinic anemia and the control of INR within an anticoagulation clinic. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on a random sample of patients seen in an academic medical center pharmacy-managed anticoagulation clinic. Hemochron® Signature Elite machine was utilized to monitor point-of-care (POC) INR...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629884/aspetti-deontologici-e-giuridici-della-responsabilit%C3%A3-professionale-del-chirurgo-in-italia-evoluzione-storica-a-partire-dal-900
#19
Nicola Picardi
È pleonastico ricordare che ogni individuo raziocinante delle essere responsabile delle sue azioni: deve agire con la coscienza degli scopi che si propone evitando possibili conseguenze negative dei suoi atti. In ambito medico questo tipo di responsabilità è codificata con le norme della "deontologia". Per secoli l'arte terapeutica è stata praticata da individui dotati di una particolare vocazione ed una particolare cultura acquisita da Maestri dell'arte ancor prima che dalla propria esperienza, con nozioni di erboristeria e di elementari conoscenze anatomiche e di fisiologia, circondati da un'aura sacerdotale e da un rispetto derivante dal timore e dall'ammirazione per il coraggio e auspicabilmente dai successi, e facendo riferimento nell'occidente mediterraneo alle regole operative fissate nel Giuramento di Ippocrate, di significato tra il sacro ed il deontologico...
2018: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629683/near-real-time-tracking-of-gaps-in-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-in-three-districts-of-kwazulu-natal-province-south-africa
#20
F Moyo, A Haeri Mazanderani, S Bhardwaj, O B Mhlongo, T Kufa, K Ng'oma, B A Smith, G G Sherman
BACKGROUND: Identifying and addressing gaps in the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) is required if South Africa (SA) is to achieve targets for eliminating MTCT (eMTCT). Potential PMTCT gaps that increase MTCT risk include late maternal HIV diagnosis, lack of or delayed antiretroviral therapy (ART) during pregnancy and breastfeeding, and lack of effective prophylaxis for HIV-exposed infants. OBJECTIVES: To investigate, in near real time, PMTCT gaps among HIV-infected infants in three districts of KwaZulu-Natal Province, SA...
March 28, 2018: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
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