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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932876/effectiveness-of-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-for-the-rehabilitation-of-moderate-to-severe-copd-a-meta-analysis
#1
Rong-Chang Chen, Xiao-Ying Li, Li-Li Guan, Bing-Peng Guo, Wei-Liang Wu, Zi-Qing Zhou, Ya-Ting Huo, Xin Chen, Lu-Qian Zhou
PURPOSE: Patients with COPD often experience skeletal muscle dysfunction. For those who are unable or unwilling to undertake physical training, neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) may provide an alternative method of rehabilitation. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to investigate the controversial topic of whether this therapy is effective in patients with moderate-to-severe COPD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We pooled data from nine trials published between January 9, 2002 and January 4, 2016 across PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Google Scholar, and relevant websites for randomized controlled trials...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930890/within-session-responses-to-high-intensity-interval-training-in-spinal-cord-injury
#2
Todd Anthony Astorino, Jacob S Thum
AIM: Completion of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) increases maximal oxygen uptake and health status, yet its feasibility in persons with spinal cord injury is unknown. PURPOSE: To compare changes in cardiorespiratory and metabolic variables between two interval training regimes and moderate intensity exercise. METHOD: Nine adults with spinal cord injury (duration = 6.8 ± 6.2 year) initially underwent determination of peak oxygen uptake...
December 8, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919265/fatigue-in-patients-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-relationship-to-perceived-health-physical-health-self-efficacy-and-participation
#3
Wineke Armbrust, Otto H T M Lelieveld, Jolanda Tuinstra, Nico M Wulffraat, G J F Joyce Bos, Jeannette Cappon, Marion A J van Rossum, Pieter J J Sauer, Mariët Hagedoorn
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is common in patients with JIA and affects daily life negatively. We assessed the presence and severity of fatigue in patients with JIA, including factors presumed associated with fatigue (e.g., disease activity, disability, pain, physical activity, exercise capacity, and self-efficacy), and whether fatigue is related to participation in physical education classes, school attendance, and sports frequency. METHODS: The current study used baseline data of 80 patients with JIA (age 8-13) who participated in an intervention aimed at promoting physical activity...
December 6, 2016: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900515/community-based-healthy-aging-interventions-for-older-adults-with-arthritis-and-multimorbidity
#4
Janice C Zgibor, Lei Ye, Robert M Boudreau, Molly B Conroy, Joni Vander Bilt, Elizabeth A Rodgers, Elizabeth A Schlenk, Mini E Jacob, Jane Brandenstein, Steven M Albert, Anne B Newman
Examine the impact of programs led by community health workers on health and function in older adults with arthritis and other health conditions. We conducted a cluster-randomized trial of the Arthritis Foundation Exercise Program (AFEP) enhanced with the "10 Keys"™ to Healthy Aging compared with the AFEP program at 54 sites in 462 participants (mean age 73 years, 88 % women, 80 % white). Trained Community health workers delivered the 10-week programs. Outcomes assessed after 6 months included physical performance [Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB)], Western Ontario and McMaster Universities (WOMAC) Osteoarthritis Index, and preventive health behaviors...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891758/is-work-keeping-us-from-acting-healthy-how-workplace-barriers-and-facilitators-impact-nutrition-and-exercise-behaviors
#5
Joseph J Mazzola, J Taylor Moore, Katherine Alexander
The purpose of this study was to identify common barriers and facilitators to healthy nutrition and exercise behaviors in the workplace and examine their relationships to those actual daily health behaviors. We utilized a concurrent embedded mixed methods approach to collect data from 93 participants over the span of four days. Participants reported 2.80 nutrition and 3.28 exercise barriers on average over the 4 days, while reporting 2.93 nutrition and 1.98 exercise facilitators in the same timeframe. Results indicated that workload and temptations around the office prevented nutritious eating; exercise behaviors were frequently hindered by workload...
November 27, 2016: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891297/exercise-rehabilitation-following-intensive-care-unit-discharge-for-recovery-from-critical-illness-executive-summary-of-a-cochrane-collaboration-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Bronwen Connolly, Lisa Salisbury, Brenda O'Neill, Louise Geneen, Abdel Douiri, Michael P W Grocott, Nicholas Hart, Timothy S Walsh, Bronagh Blackwood
Skeletal muscle wasting and weakness are major complications of critical illness and underlie the profound physical and functional impairments experienced by survivors after discharge from the intensive care unit (ICU). Exercise-based rehabilitation has been shown to be beneficial when delivered during ICU admission. This review aimed to determine the effectiveness of exercise rehabilitation initiated after ICU discharge on primary outcomes of functional exercise capacity and health-related quality of life...
December 2016: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890482/dietary-nitrate-does-not-affect-physical-activity-outcomes-in-health-older-adults-in-a-randomized-crossover-trial
#7
Mario Siervo, Clio Oggioni, Djordje G Jakovljevic, Michael Trenell, John C Mathers, David Houghton, Carlos Celis-Morales, Ammar W Ashor, Alan Ruddock, Mayur Ranchordas, Markos Klonizakis, Elizabeth A Williams
Although dietary nitrate (NO3(-)) ingestion appears to enhance exercise capacity and performance in young individuals, inconclusive findings have been reported in older people. Therefore, we conducted a double-blind, crossover randomized clinical trial using beetroot juice in older healthy participants, who were classified as normal weight and overweight. We tested whether consumption of beetroot juice (a rich source of NO3(-)) for 1 week would increase nitric oxide bioavailability via the nonenzymatic pathway and enhance (1) exercise capacity during an incremental exercise test, (2) physical capability, and (3) free-living physical activity...
November 14, 2016: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889389/exercise-mimetics-impact-on-health-and-performance
#8
REVIEW
Weiwei Fan, Ronald M Evans
The global epidemic of obesity and its associated chronic diseases is largely attributed to an imbalance between caloric intake and energy expenditure. While physical exercise remains the best solution, the development of muscle-targeted "exercise mimetics" may soon provide a pharmaceutical alternative to battle an increasingly sedentary lifestyle. At the same time, these advances are fueling a raging debate on their escalating use as performance-enhancing drugs in high-profile competitions such as the Olympics...
November 18, 2016: Cell Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887597/technology-enhanced-multi-domain-at-home-continuum-of-care-program-with-respect-to-usual-care-for-people-with-cognitive-impairment-the-ability-telerehabilitation-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
O Realdon, F Rossetto, M Nalin, I Baroni, M Cabinio, R Fioravanti, F L Saibene, M Alberoni, F Mantovani, M Romano, R Nemni, F Baglio
BACKGROUND: According to the World Alzheimer Report (Prince, The Global Impact of Dementia: an Analysis of Prevalence, Incidence, Cost and Trends, 2015), 46.8 million people worldwide are nowadays living with dementia. And this number is estimated to approximate 131.5 million by 2050, with an increasing burden on society and families. The lack of medical treatments able to stop or slow down the course of the disease has moved the focus of interest toward the nonpharmacological approach and psychosocial therapies for people with/at risk of dementia, as in the Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) condition...
November 25, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871193/physiotherapist-delivered-cognitive-behavioural-interventions-are-effective-for-low-back-pain-but-can-they-be-replicated-in-clinical-practice-a-systematic-review
#10
Amanda Hall, Helen Richmond, Bethan Copsey, Zara Hansen, Esther Williamson, Gillian Jones, Beth Fordham, Zafra Cooper, Sarah Lamb
PURPOSE: To determine if physiotherapist-led cognitive-behavioural (CB) interventions are effective for low back pain (LBP) and described sufficiently for replication. METHOD: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of patients with LBP treated by physiotherapists using a CB intervention were included. Outcomes of disability, pain, and quality of life were assessed using the GRADE approach. Intervention reporting was assessed using the Template for Intervention Description and Replication...
November 21, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868156/vaginal-and-sexual-health-treatment-strategies-within-a-female-sexual-medicine-program-for-cancer-patients-and-survivors
#11
Jeanne Carter, Cara Stabile, Barbara Seidel, Raymond E Baser, Shari Goldfarb, Deborah J Goldfrank
PURPOSE: We sought to evaluate patient adherence and response to simple vaginal and sexual health treatment strategies in female cancer patients receiving treatment at a female sexual medicine and health program and identify improvements of physical symptoms, per patient and clinical evaluation. METHODS: Evaluability criteria included gynecologic exam at initial visit, at least one follow-up with gynecologic exam within 8 months of initial visit, and all consecutive follow-ups <6 months apart...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849483/soldier-health-habits-and-the-metabolically-optimized-brain
#12
Karl E Friedl, Torbjorn J Breivik, Robert Carter, Dieter Leyk, Per Kristian Opstad, John Taverniers, Marion Trousselard
Human performance enhancement was the subject of a NATO workshop that considered the direct benefits of individual soldier health and fitness habits to brain health and performance. Some of the important health and fitness include physical activity and purposeful exercise, nutritional intake, sleep and rest behaviors, psychological outlook and mindfulness, and other physiologically based systemic challenges such as thermal exposure. These influences were considered in an integrated framework with insights contributed by each of five participating NATO member countries using representative research to highlight relevant interrelationships...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828665/aerobic-training-modulates-t-cell-activation-in-elderly-women-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#13
W F Gomes, A C R Lacerda, G E A Brito-Melo, S F Fonseca, E Rocha-Vieira, A A O Leopoldino, M R Amorim, V A Mendonça
Osteoarthritis of the knee (kOA) is a disease that mainly affects the elderly and can lead to major physical and functional limitations. However, the specific effects of walking, particularly on the immune system, are unknown. Therefore, this study aimed to analyze the effect of 12 weeks of walking (3×/week) on the leukocyte profile and quality of life (QL) of elderly women with kOA. Sixteen women (age: 67±4 years, body mass index: 28.07±4.16 kg/m2) participated in a walking program. The variables were assessed before and after 12 weeks of training with a progressively longer duration (30-55 min) and higher intensity (72-82% of HRmax determined using a graded incremental treadmill test)...
2016: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807529/effect-of-startup-circuit-exercise-on-derivatives-reactive-oxygen-metabolites-biological-antioxidant-potential-levels-and-physical-fitness-of-adolescents-boys-with-intellectual-disabilities
#14
Chang-Gyun Kim, Jin-Seok Lee
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of starup circuit exercise program on derivatives reactive oxygen metabolite (d-ROM) and biological antioxidant potential (BAP) levels and physical fitness of adolescents with intellectual disabilities, and to sugesst exercise programs to promote the health and physical development of such adolescents. Twelve students with intellectual disabilities were divided into two groups; circuit exercise group (CE group: n=6; age, 14.83±0.98 years; height, 163.83±5...
October 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798366/longer-term-effects-of-home-based-exercise-interventions-on-exercise-capacity-and-physical-activity-in-coronary-artery-disease-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Jomme Claes, Roselien Buys, Werner Budts, Neil Smart, Véronique A Cornelissen
BACKGROUND: Exercise-based cardiovascular rehabilitation (CR) improves exercise capacity (EC), lowers cardiovascular risk profile and increases physical functioning in the short term. However, uptake of and adherence to a physically active lifestyle in the long run remain problematic. Home-based (HB) exercise programmes have been introduced in an attempt to enhance long-term adherence to recommended levels of physical activity (PA). The current systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to compare the longer-term effects of HB exercise programmes with usual care (UC) or centre-based (CB) CR in patients referred for CR...
October 26, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794625/dropout-from-physical-activity-interventions-in-people-living-with-hiv-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
D Vancampfort, J Mugisha, J Richards, M De Hert, A R Lazzarotto, F B Schuch, M Probst, B Stubbs
Physical activity (PA) interventions have been shown to improve the health of people living with HIV (PLWH), yet treatment dropout poses an important challenge. We conducted a meta-analysis to investigate the prevalence and predictors of treatment dropout in PA interventions in PLWH. Electronic databases were searched for records up to September 2016. Randomized control trials of PA interventions in PLWH reporting dropout rates were included. Random effects meta-analysis and meta-regression analyses were employed...
October 31, 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789212/multi-modal-exercise-training-and-protein-pacing-enhances-physical-performance-adaptations-independent-of-growth-hormone-and-bdnf-but-may-be-dependent-on-igf-1-in-exercise-trained-men
#17
Stephen J Ives, Chelsea Norton, Vincent Miller, Olivia Minicucci, Jake Robinson, Gabe O'Brien, Daniela Escudero, Maia Paul, Caitlin Sheridan, Kathryn Curran, Kayla Rose, Nathaniel Robinson, Feng He, Paul J Arciero
OBJECTIVE: Protein-pacing (P; 5-6meals/day @ 2.0g/kgBW/day) and multi-mode exercise (RISE; resistance, interval, stretching, endurance) training (PRISE) improves muscular endurance, strength, power and arterial health in exercise-trained women. The current study extends these findings by examining PRISE on fitness, growth hormone (GH), insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) response, cardiometabolic health, and body composition in exercise-trained men...
October 15, 2016: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742604/a-review-of-persuasive-principles-in-mobile-apps-for-chronic-arthritis-patients-opportunities-for-improvement
#18
Jonas Geuens, Thijs Willem Swinnen, Rene Westhovens, Kurt de Vlam, Luc Geurts, Vero Vanden Abeele
BACKGROUND: Chronic arthritis (CA), an umbrella term for inflammatory rheumatic and other musculoskeletal diseases, is highly prevalent. Effective disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs for CA are available, with the exception of osteoarthritis, but require a long-term commitment of patients to comply with the medication regimen and management program as well as a tight follow-up by the treating physician and health professionals. Additionally, patients are advised to participate in physical exercise programs...
October 13, 2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717662/the-most-effective-factors-to-offset-sarcopenia-and-obesity-in-the-older-korean-physical-activity-vitamin-d-and-protein-intake
#19
Chorong Oh, Byeong Hwan Jeon, Shaun Nicholas Reid Storm, Sunkug Jho, Jae-Kyung No
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of the types and levels of physical activity in conjunction with protein intake and vitamin D on sarcopenia and obesity status in an elderly population. METHODS: Study participants (N = 4452) were ages ≥60 y and included 1929 men and 2523 women who completed a body composition analysis with a dual energy x-ray absorptiometry and provided health and dietary data. RESULTS: Higher appendicular skeletal muscle mass/weight was observed in the non-obese group, although obese participants had greater weights...
January 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709978/an-internet-based-virtual-reality-intervention-for-enhancing-self-esteem-in-women-with-disabilities-results-of-a-feasibility-study
#20
Margaret A Nosek, Susan Robinson-Whelen, Rosemary B Hughes, Thomas M Nosek
Purpose: To examine the feasibility of an online self-esteem enhancement group program for women with disabilities. Method: A sample of 19 racially and ethnically diverse, community-living women with physical disabilities, 22 to 61 years old, participated in a 7-session interactive group intervention (extending Hughes et al., 2004) in the 3-D, immersive, virtual environment of SecondLife.com, using avatars with voice and text communication. Baseline and postintervention questionnaires were administered online...
October 6, 2016: Rehabilitation Psychology
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