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Health enhancing physical exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330831/the-efficacy-of-internet-based-mindfulness-training-and-cognitive-behavioral-training-with-telephone-support-in-the-enhancement-of-mental-health-among-college-students-and-young-working-adults-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Winnie Ws Mak, Floria Hn Chio, Amy Ty Chan, Wacy Ws Lui, Ellery Ky Wu
BACKGROUND: College students and working adults are particularly vulnerable to stress and other mental health problems, and mental health promotion and prevention are needed to promote their mental health. In recent decades, mindfulness-based training has demonstrated to be efficacious in treating physical and psychological conditions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to examine the efficacy of an Internet-based mindfulness training program (iMIND) in comparison with the well-established Internet-based cognitive-behavioral training program (iCBT) in promoting mental health among college students and young working adults...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317895/upregulation-of-skeletal-muscle-pgc-1%C3%AE-through-the-elevation-of-cyclic-amp-levels-by-cyanidin-3-glucoside-enhances-exercise-performance
#2
Toshiya Matsukawa, Hideko Motojima, Yuki Sato, Shinya Takahashi, Myra O Villareal, Hiroko Isoda
Regular exercise and physical training enhance physiological capacity and improve metabolic diseases. Skeletal muscles require peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma coactivator-1α (PGC-1α) in the process of their adaptation to exercise owing to PGC-1α's ability to regulate mitochondrial biogenesis, angiogenesis, and oxidative metabolism. Cyanidin-3-glucoside (Cy3G) is a natural polyphenol and a nutraceutical factor, which has several beneficial effects on human health. Here, the effect of Cy3G on exercise performance and the underlying mechanisms involved were investigated...
March 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278003/participant-experiences-and-perceptions-of-physical-activity-enhancing-interventions-for-people-with-physical-impairments-and-mobility-limitations-a-meta-synthesis-of-qualitative-research-evidence
#3
Toni L Williams, Jasmin K Ma, Kathleen A Martin Ginis
Disabled people face multiple personal, environmental and social barriers that interfere with leading a physically active lifestyle. Thus, there is an urgent need for behaviour change interventions to increase physical activity (PA) by specifically addressing the situations of disabled people, and barriers to participation. This original meta-synthesis of qualitative research was undertaken to explore participants' experiences and perceptions of PA-enhancing interventions for adults with physical impairments resulting in mobility limitations...
March 13, 2017: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274955/physical-activity-in-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease-and-associations-with-functional-outcomes
#4
Jan Müller, Tamara Amberger, Anika Berg, Daniel Goeder, Julia Remmele, Renate Oberhoffer, Peter Ewert, Alfred Hager
OBJECTIVE: Improved survival has yielded to growing importance of functional outcome measures in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD). This study applied the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) to assess self-reported physical activity (PA) in patients with CHD and their association with exercise capacity and health-related quality of life (HrQoL). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Prior to cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET), 786 consecutive patients (335 female, 31...
March 8, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271813/immune-response-to-exercise-during-growth
#5
Shlomit Radom-Aizik
Two papers were selected for this commentary. The first paper (Citation 1) suggests that a 10-week, moderate-intensity exercise program performed early after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is feasible in this fragile population, and might improve cell cytotoxicity by redistributing subpopulations of NK cells. This study adds to the growing evidence that enhancing immune cell surveillance (e.g., NK cells) in response to exercise could benefit cancer patients. The second paper (Citation 2) studied neutrophil-related mediators of oxidative stress and inflammatory cytokines in response to exercise in children compared with adults...
February 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271804/exercise-and-cognition-2016
#6
Phillip D Tomporowski
Physical activity is purported to promote children's brain health and enhance mental development (1). Three studies were selected for review because of their focus on issues that challenge translational research applications in exercise pediatric science. While some disagreement exists concerning the definition of translational research, most suggest that translational interventions focus on the uptake, implementation, and sustainability of research findings within standard care (2). Translational researchers typically highlight differences that exist between efficacy experiments, which provide evidence that a specific intervention works, and effectiveness experiments, which show that the intervention will reap benefits under real-world conditions...
February 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271799/resistance-exercise-and-youth-survival-of-the-strongest
#7
Avery Faigenbaum
Research evidence continues to define the unique health- and performance-related benefits of resistance exercise for children and adolescents. While the effectiveness of resistance exercise in increasing muscle strength and motor skill performance has been demonstrated repeatedly, current scientific evidence indicates that the right "dose" of resistance exercise can enhance physical performance in young athletes and reduce the risk of developing cardiometabolic disease. The papers discussed in this commentary add to our understanding of the potential benefits of youth resistance exercise by defining dose-response relationships for key training variables, exploring sex-specific adaptations to this type of training, and examining the relationship between muscular strength early in life and cardiometabolic risk later in life...
February 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270597/interaction-between-plasma-fetuin-a-and-free-fatty-acids-predicts-changes-in-insulin-sensitivity-in-response-to-long-term-exercise
#8
Sindre Lee, Frode Norheim, Hanne L Gulseth, Torgrim M Langleite, Kristoffer J Kolnes, Daniel S Tangen, Hans K Stadheim, Gregor D Gilfillan, Torgeir Holen, Kåre I Birkeland, Jørgen Jensen, Christian A Drevon
The hepatokine fetuin-A can together with free fatty acids (FFAs) enhance adipose tissue (AT) inflammation and insulin resistance via toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4). Although some of the health benefits of exercise can be explained by altered release of myokines from the skeletal muscle, it is not well documented if some of the beneficial effects of exercise can be explained by altered secretion of hepatokines. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of interaction between fetuin-A and FFAs on insulin sensitivity after physical exercise...
March 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268134/physical-activity-restrictions-in-activity-and-body-mass-index-among-urban-children-with-persistent-asthma
#9
Heather Holderness, Nancy Chin, Deborah J Ossip, Maria Fagnano, Marina Reznik, Jill S Halterman
BACKGROUND: Asthma and obesity are public health problems that disproportionately affect underserved children. Urban children with asthma may be limited in their participation in physical activity, further increasing their risk for overweight. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity among high-risk children with persistent asthma, to assess physical activity and activity restrictions by level of asthma control, and to evaluate whether activity is associated with weight status...
March 4, 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215384/enhance-%C3%A2-fitness-dissemination-and-implementation-2010-2015-a-scoping-review
#10
Miruna G Petrescu-Prahova, Thomas J Eagen, Sarah L Fishleder, Basia Belza
INTRODUCTION: Physical activity has many benefits for older adult physical and mental health. Enhance(®)Fitness (EF) is an evidence-based group exercise program delivered by community-based organizations. The purpose of this study was to review recent evidence on the dissemination and implementation of EF. METHODS: A scoping review of qualitative and quantitative studies with EF as main focus was conducted. CINAHL, PubMed, PubMed Central, SCOPUS, Web of Science, PsycINFO, and Google Scholar were searched between October and November 2015 for data-based studies on EF published in 2010-2015...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195990/improvements-in-health-related-quality-of-life-cardio-metabolic-health-and-fitness-in-postmenopausal-women-after-a-supervised-multicomponent-adapted-exercise-program-in-a-suited-health-promotion-intervention-a-multigroup-study
#11
Débora Godoy-Izquierdo, Nicolás Mendoza Ladrón de Guevara, Mercedes Vélez Toral, Carlos de Teresa Galván, Alberto Salamanca Ballesteros, Juan F Godoy García
OBJECTIVES: This study explored the multidimensional outcomes that resulted from the adherence to regular exercise among previously sedentary postmenopausal women. The exercise was managed through a supervised, multicomponent, adapted approximately 20-week program in a suited health promotion intervention. METHODS: A multigroup, mixed-design study with between-group (intervention, sedentary, and active women) and within-subject measures (baseline, postintervention, and 3- and 12-month follow-ups) was conducted using intention-to-treat methodology...
February 13, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194641/unsupervised-exercise-in-survivors-of-human-papillomavirus-related-head-and-neck-cancer-how-many-can-go-it-alone
#12
Joshua Bauml, Jiyoung Kim, Xiaochen Zhang, Charu Aggarwal, Roger B Cohen, Kathryn Schmitz
PURPOSE: Patients with human papillomavirus (HPV)-related head and neck cancer (HNC) have a better prognosis relative to other types of HNC, making survivorship an emerging and critical issue. Exercise is a core component of survivorship care, but little is known about how many survivors of HPV-related HNC can safely be advised to start exercising on their own, as opposed to needing further evaluation or supervised exercise. METHODS: We utilized guidelines to identify health issues that would indicate value of further evaluation prior to being safely prescribed unsupervised exercise...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187874/falling-while-walking-a-hidden-contributor-to-pedestrian-injury
#13
Jennifer Oxley, Steve O'Hern, Duane Burtt, Ben Rossiter
Walking is a sustainable mode of transportation which is beneficial to both individuals and to the broader community, however, there are risks and it is essential that road design and operation provides safe conditions for walking. In Victoria, pedestrians represent one of the most vulnerable road user groups, accounting for approximately 12% of all road fatalities and serious injuries. These figures largely represent injuries where the pedestrian has been struck by a vehicle with the extent of pedestrian-only injuries largely un-reported...
February 7, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169553/improvements-in-health-related-quality-of-life-cardio-metabolic-health-and-fitness-in-postmenopausal-women-after-an-exercise-plus-health-promotion-intervention-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Mercedes Vélez Toral, Débora Godoy-Izquierdo, Nicolás Mendoza Ladrón de Guevara, Carlos de Teresa Galván, Alberto Salamanca Ballesteros, Juan F Godoy García
BACKGROUND: This study explored multidimensional outcomes that were derived from the adherence to regular exercise among previously sedentary postmenopausal 45-64 years old women who engaged in a ~20-week exercise programme. METHODS: A RCT with between-group (intervention and control women) and within-subject measures (baseline, postintervention and 3-month and 12-month follow-ups) wasconducted. HRQoL and several indicators of cardio-metabolic status and fitness were assessed...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129779/targeting-functional-fitness-hearing-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-older-adults-with-hearing-loss-walk-talk-n-listen-study-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Justin Lambert, Rouzbeh Ghadry-Tavi, Kate Knuff, Marc Jutras, Jodi Siever, Paul Mick, Carolyn Roque, Gareth Jones, Jonathan Little, Harry Miller, Colin Van Bergen, Donna Kurtz, Mary Ann Murphy, Charlotte Ann Jones
BACKGROUND: Hearing loss (HL) is a disability associated with poorer health-related quality of life including an increased risk for loneliness, isolation, functional fitness declines, falls, hospitalization and premature mortality. The purpose of this pilot trial is to determine the feasibility and acceptability of a novel intervention to reduce loneliness, improve functional fitness, social connectedness, hearing and health-related quality of life in older adults with HL. METHODS: This 10-week, single-blind, pilot randomized control trial (RCT) will include a convenience sample of ambulatory adults aged 65 years or older with self-reported HL...
January 28, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123580/effects-of-physical-activity-on-systemic-oxidative-dna-status-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#16
Barbara Tomasello, Giuseppe Antonio Malfa, Angela Strazzanti, Santi Gangi, Claudia Di Giacomo, Francesco Basile, Marcella Renis
Physical activity offers a paradoxical hormetic effect and a health benefit to cancer survivors; however, the biochemical mechanisms have not been entirely elucidated. Despite the well-documented evidence implicating oxidative stress in breast cancer, the association between health benefits and redox status has not been investigated in survivors who participate in dragon boating. The present study investigated the plasmatic systemic oxidative status (SOS) in breast cancer survivors involved in two distinct physical training exercises...
January 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118310/ratings-of-perceived-exertion-during-acute-resistance-exercise-performed-at-imposed-and-self-selected-loads-in-recreationally-trained-women
#17
Joshua A Cotter, Matthew J Garver, Taylor K Dinyer, Ciaran M Fairman, Brian C Focht
Resistance exercise (RE) is commonly employed to elicit skeletal muscle adaptation. Relative intensity of a training load links closely with the outcomes of regular RE. This study examined the RPE responses to acute bouts of RE using imposed (40% and 70% of 1RM) and self-selected loads (SS) in recreationally trained women. Twenty physically active women (23.15 ±2.92 yrs.) who reported regular RE training of at least three weekly sessions for the past year, volunteered to participate. During the initial visit, participants completed one repetition maximum (1RM) testing on four exercises in the following order: leg extension, chest press, leg curl, and lat pull-down...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111118/-doing-what-i-do-best-the-association-between-skill-utilization-and-employee-health-with-healthy-behavior-as-a-mediator
#18
Kaori Fujishiro, Catherine A Heaney
OBJECTIVE: Skill utilization, defined as having the opportunity to do one's best at work, has been examined as a contributor to productivity, organizational efficiency, job satisfaction, and mental health. Drawing from self-determination theory, we postulate that high levels of skill utilization are positively associated with physical health and that some of the effect is mediated by health behavior. METHODS: Using the 2014 Gallup Daily Tracking Survey data (n = 87,316), a nationally representative sample of working adults in the United States, we examine the associations between perceived skill utilization and five health outcomes (self-rated health, hypertension, high cholesterol, cancer, asthma) with healthy behavior (regular exercising, fruits and vegetable consumption) as a mediator of the associations...
January 5, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091446/correlation-between-athlete-training-intensity-and-cardiac-performance
#19
T Xiao, Y Zhang
OBJECTIVE: An effective analysis of correlation between training intensity of athletes and cardiac performance is done to develop scientific and reasonable exercise program and to promote health of athletes. METHODS: During December 2013-December 2015, 3600 students from different sports schools were selected for the test. All the athletes were randomly grouped, that is half-hour running group, one-hour running group and 90 -minute running group, which are named A, B, C groups respectively...
February 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078981/resilience-to-alzheimer-s-disease-the-role-of-physical-activity
#20
Anna Pedrinolla, Federico Schena, Massimo Venturelli
BACKGROUND: Although Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative pathology characterized by accumulation of β-amyloid plaques and neurofibrillary tangles at cerebral level, recent studies highlighted that AD might be the result of many altered physiological processes occurring at whole-organism level. The ability to adapt to stressors by "bending" but not "breaking" can be considered as "resilience". Individuals incline to withstand such pathophysiological challenges, can be considered more resilient than those that do not...
January 11, 2017: Current Alzheimer Research
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