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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811842/the-effect-of-three-different-exercise-training-modalities-on-cognitive-and-physical-function-in-a-healthy-older-population
#1
Carla Coetsee, Elmarie Terblanche
BACKGROUND: Older adults are encouraged to participate in regular physical activity to counter the age-related declines in physical and cognitive health. Literature on the effect of different exercise training modalities (aerobic vs resistance) on these health-related outcomes is not only sparse, but results are inconsistent. In general, it is believed that exercise has a positive effect on executive cognitive function, possibly because of the physiological adaptations through increases in fitness...
2017: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769818/mean-normalized-gain-a-new-method-for-the-assessment-of-the-aerobic-system-temporal-dynamics-during-randomly-varying-exercise-in-humans
#2
Thomas Beltrame, Richard L Hughson
The temporal dynamics of the oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text]) during moderate exercise has classically been related to physical fitness and a slower [Formula: see text] dynamics was associated with deterioration of physical health. However, methods that better characterize the aerobic system temporal dynamics remain challenging. The purpose of this study was to develop a new method (named mean normalized gain, MNG) to systematically characterize the [Formula: see text] temporal dynamics. Eight healthy, young adults (28 ± 6 years old, 175 ± 7 cm and 79 ± 13 kg) performed multiple pseudorandom binary sequence cycling protocols on different days and time of the day...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768610/behavior-change-techniques-in-physical-activity-ehealth-interventions-for-people-with-cardiovascular-disease-systematic-review
#3
Orlaith Mairead Duff, Deirdre Mj Walsh, Bróna A Furlong, Noel E O'Connor, Kieran A Moran, Catherine B Woods
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of premature death and disability in Europe, accounting for 4 million deaths per year and costing the European Union economy almost €196 billion annually. There is strong evidence to suggest that exercise-based secondary rehabilitation programs can decrease the mortality risk and improve health among patients with CVD. Theory-informed use of behavior change techniques (BCTs) is important in the design of cardiac rehabilitation programs aimed at changing cardiovascular risk factors...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761718/an-observational-study-of-spectators-step-counts-and-reasons-for-attending-a-professional-golf-tournament-in-scotland
#4
Andrew D Murray, Kieran Turner, Daryll Archibald, Chloe Schiphorst, Steffan Arthur Griffin, Hilary Scott, Roger Hawkes, Paul Kelly, Liz Grant, Nanette Mutrie
BACKGROUND: Spectators at several hundred golf tournaments on six continents worldwide may gain health-enhancing physical activity (HEPA) during their time at the event. This study aims to investigate spectators' reasons for attending and assess spectator physical activity (PA) (measured by step count). METHODS: Spectators at the Paul Lawrie Matchplay event in Scotland (August 2016) were invited to take part in this study. They were asked to complete a brief questionnaire with items to assess (1) demographics, (2) reasons for attendance and (3) baseline PA...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742426/educating-students-for-a-lifetime-of-physical-activity-enhancing-mindfulness-motivation-and-meaning
#5
Catherine D Ennis
For many years, pedagogical scholars and physical education (PE) teachers have worked to enhance effective teaching and learning environments. Yet for some children, youth, and young adults, many of the benefits associated with a physically active lifestyle remain elusive. Enhancing programming and performance to meet physical activity goals may require moving programs beyond "effective." It will require teachers and program leaders to focus programmatic attention on strategies to actually increase students' out-of-class physical activity behavior...
July 25, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719762/a-million-steps-developing-a-health-promotion-program-at-the-workplace-to-enhance-physical-activity
#6
María Eugenia González-Dominguez, José Manuel Romero-Sánchez, Antonio Ares-Camerino, Jose Carlos Marchena-Aparicio, Manuel Flores-Muñoz, Inés Infantes-Guzmán, José Manuel León-Asuero, Fernando Casals-Martín
The workplace is a key setting for the prevention of occupational risks and for promoting healthy activities such as physical activity. Developing a physically active lifestyle results in many health benefits, improving both well-being and quality of life. This article details the experience of two Spanish companies that implemented a program to promote physical exercise in the workplace, called "A Million Steps." This program aimed to increase the physical activity of participants, challenging them to reach at least a million steps in a month through group walks...
July 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716654/exercise-interventions-for-individuals-with-advanced-cancer-a-systematic-review
#7
Kim L Dittus, Robert E Gramling, Philip A Ades
Despite improvements in therapy a large proportion of individuals with cancer will have a shortened life expectancy because of advanced or metastatic disease. Advances in therapy have however, extended life in those with advanced cancer thus heightening the importance of living well and preventing decline. The burdens of disease and cancer therapy impair aerobic fitness, strength, physical function and quality of life (QOL). Fatigue, the most common side effect of cancer and cancer therapy can further deteriorate QOL...
July 14, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697803/effects-of-a-physical-activity-and-nutrition-program-in-retirement-villages-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Jonine Jancey, Anne-Marie Holt, Andy Lee, Deborah Kerr, Suzanne Robinson, Li Tang, A S Anderson, Andrew Hills, Peter Howat
BACKGROUND: This cluster randomised controlled trial aimed to determine if a 6- month home-based intervention could improve the physical activity and dietary behaviours of adults aged 60 to 80 years living in retirement villages located in Perth, Western Australia. METHODS: Participants (n = 363) from 38 retirement villages were recruited into the trial and allocated to the intervention (n = 197: 17 sites) or control (n = 166: 21 sites) group and were blinded...
July 11, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697797/increasing-students-physical-activity-during-school-physical-education-rationale-and-protocol-for-the-self-fit-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Amy S Ha, Chris Lonsdale, David R Lubans, Johan Y Y Ng
BACKGROUND: The Self-determined Exercise and Learning For FITness (SELF-FIT) is a multi-component school-based intervention based on tenets of self-determination theory. SELF-FIT aims to increase students' moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) during physical education lessons, and enhance their autonomous motivation towards fitness activities. Using a cluster randomized controlled trial, we aim to examine the effects of the intervention on students' MVPA during school physical education...
July 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697770/local-professionals-perceptions-of-health-assets-in-a-low-ses-dutch-neighbourhood-a-qualitative-study
#10
Lea Den Broeder, Ellen Uiters, Aafke Hofland, Annemarie Wagemakers, Albertine Jantine Schuit
BACKGROUND: Asset-based approaches have become popular in public health. As yet it is not known to what extent health and welfare professionals are able to identify and mobilise individual and community health assets. Therefore, the aim of this study was to understand professional's perceptions of health and health assets. METHODS: In a low-SES neighbourhood, 21 health and welfare professionals were interviewed about their definition of health and their perceptions of the residents' health status, assets available in the neighbourhood's environment, and the way residents use these assets...
July 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694788/the-relationship-between-the-physical-activity-environment-nature-relatedness-anxiety-and-the-psychological-well-being-benefits-of-regular-exercisers
#11
Emma Lawton, Eric Brymer, Peter Clough, Andrew Denovan
Research from a variety of scientific fields suggests that physical activity in nature and feelings of connection to nature enhance psychological health and well-being. This study investigated the psychological health and well-being impact of the physical activity environment for those already undertaking the recommended weekly amount of physical activity. This topic is important for the design of health and well-being environments and interventions involving physical activity. Participants (N = 262) aged 18-71 years (M = 34...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694775/yoga-meditation-and-mind-body-health-increased-bdnf-cortisol-awakening-response-and-altered-inflammatory-marker-expression-after-a-3-month-yoga-and-meditation-retreat
#12
B Rael Cahn, Matthew S Goodman, Christine T Peterson, Raj Maturi, Paul J Mills
Thirty-eight individuals (mean age: 34.8 years old) participating in a 3-month yoga and meditation retreat were assessed before and after the intervention for psychometric measures, brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), circadian salivary cortisol levels, and pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines. Participation in the retreat was found to be associated with decreases in self-reported anxiety and depression as well as increases in mindfulness. As hypothesized, increases in the plasma levels of BDNF and increases in the magnitude of the cortisol awakening response (CAR) were also observed...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694204/the-mind-body-wellness-in-supportive-housing-mi-wish-study-design-and-rationale-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-of-tai-chi-in-senior-housing
#13
Peter M Wayne, Margaret M Gagnon, Eric A Macklin, Thomas G Travison, Bradley Manor, Margie Lachman, Cindy P Thomas, Lewis A Lipsitz
Supporting the health of growing numbers of frail older adults living in subsidized housing requires interventions that can combat frailty, improve residents' functional abilities, and reduce their health care costs. Tai Chi is an increasingly popular multimodal mind-body exercise that incorporates physical, cognitive, social, and meditative components in the same activity and offers a promising intervention for ameliorating many of the conditions that lead to poor health and excessive health care utilization...
September 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682652/effects-of-water-based-exercise-training-on-the-cognitive-function-and-quality-of-life-of-healthy-adult-women
#14
Carlos Ayán, Paulo Carvalho, Silvia Varela, José María Cancela
BACKGROUND: Research regarding the impact of aquatic exercise on cognition is scarce. This study aimed at identifying the effects of water-based exercise training on the cognitive function and quality of life of healthy adult women. METHODS: Fifty-one healthy women (mean age: 46.5 ± 12.3 years) were assigned to group A or B and followed a water-based exercise program for six months. During the first three months, the sessions performed by group A were focused on stimulating cognitive function...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662168/do-placebo-expectations-influence-perceived-exertion-during-physical-exercise
#15
Hendrik Mothes, Christian Leukel, Harald Seelig, Reinhard Fuchs
This study investigates the role of placebo expectations in individuals' perception of exertion during acute physical exercise. Building upon findings from placebo and marketing research, we examined how perceived exertion is affected by expectations regarding a) the effects of exercise and b) the effects of the exercise product worn during the exercise. We also investigated whether these effects are moderated by physical self-concept. Seventy-eight participants conducted a moderate 30 min cycling exercise on an ergometer, with perceived exertion (RPE) measured every 5 minutes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657472/evaluating-the-effects-of-exercise-on-cognitive-function-in-hypertensive-and-diabetic-patients-using-the-mental-test-and-training-system
#16
Robson Bonoto Teixeira, João Carlos Bouzas Marins, Paulo Roberto Santos Amorim, Israel Teoldo, Rocío Cupeiro, Marcelo Odilon Cabral de Andrade, Yuri de Lucas Xavier Martins, Pollyana de Rezende Castilho, Daniel Demétrio Magalhães, András Palotás, Luciana Moreira Lima
OBJECTIVES: Systemic arterial hypertension (SAH) and diabetes mellitus (DM) are important risk factors for developing cognitive impairment. General life-style changes including physical training are known to reduce elevated blood pressure and sugar levels, as well as improve mental health. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether supervised physical exercise enhances the cognitive status of patients with chronic diseases. METHODS: Volunteers with SAH, DM or SAH + DM participated in either aerobic or resistance training during a period of 12 weeks...
June 28, 2017: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654472/the-past-present-and-future-of-neurorehabilitation-from-nustep-through-iv-step-and-beyond
#17
Susan R Harris, Carolee J Winstein
PURPOSES: To present the history and aims of the STEP conferences; describe the interdependence of prevention, prediction, plasticity, and participation; reflect on where we stand today regarding those 4 Ps; and discuss how future neurorehabilitation should look for individuals with movement disorders. KEY POINTS: Physical therapists have focused primarily on tertiary prevention, emphasizing primary/secondary prevention far less. Predicting optimal response to intervention is essential for primary prevention...
July 2017: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653367/significance-of-l-carnitine-for-human-health
#18
REVIEW
María M Adeva-Andany, Isabel Calvo-Castro, Carlos Fernández-Fernández, Cristóbal Donapetry-García, Ana María Pedre-Piñeiro
Carnitine acyltransferases catalyze the reversible transfer of acyl groups from acyl-coenzyme A esters to l-carnitine, forming acyl-carnitine esters that may be transported across cell membranes. l-Carnitine is a wáter-soluble compound that humans may obtain both by food ingestion and endogenous synthesis from trimethyl-lysine. Most l-carnitine is intracellular, being present predominantly in liver, skeletal muscle, heart and kidney. The organic cation transporter-2 facilitates l-carnitine uptake inside cells...
August 2017: IUBMB Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632248/perceived-benefits-and-barriers-to-exercise-for-recently-treated-adults-with-acute-leukemia
#19
Ashley Leak Bryant, AnnMarie L Walton, Mackenzi Pergolotti, Brett Phillips, Charlotte Bailey, Deborah K Mayer, Claudio Battaglini
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To explore perceived exercise benefits and barriers in adults with acute leukemia who recently completed an inpatient exercise intervention during induction therapy.
. RESEARCH APPROACH: Descriptive, exploratory design using semistructured interviews.
. SETTING: Inpatient hematology/oncology unit at North Carolina Cancer Hospital in Chapel Hill.
. PARTICIPANTS: 6 adults with acute leukemia aged 35-67 years...
July 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629589/physical-exercise-and-dna-injury-good-or-evil
#20
Elisa Danese, Giuseppe Lippi, Fabian Sanchis-Gomar, Giorgio Brocco, Manfredi Rizzo, Maciej Banach, Martina Montagnana
Regular, low-intensity physical activity is currently advocated for lowering the risk of developing many acute and especially chronic diseases. However, several lines of evidence attest that strenuous exercise may enhance inflammation and trigger the generation of free radical-mediated damage, thus overwhelming the undisputable benefits of regular, medium-intensity physical activity. Since reactive oxygen species are actively generated during high-intensity exercise, and these reactive compounds are known to impact DNA stability, we review here the current evidence about strenuous exercise and DNA injury...
2017: Advances in Clinical Chemistry
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