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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780318/the-aerobic-and-cognitive-exercise-study-aces-for-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-or-at-risk-for-mild-cognitive-impairment-mci-neuropsychological-neurobiological-and-neuroimaging-outcomes-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Cay Anderson-Hanley, Nicole M Barcelos, Earl A Zimmerman, Robert W Gillen, Mina Dunnam, Brian D Cohen, Vadim Yerokhin, Kenneth E Miller, David J Hayes, Paul J Arciero, Molly Maloney, Arthur F Kramer
Prior research has found that cognitive benefits of physical exercise and brain health in older adults may be enhanced when mental exercise is interactive simultaneously, as in exergaming. It is unclear whether the cognitive benefit can be maximized by increasing the degree of mental challenge during exercise. This randomized clinical trial (RCT), the Aerobic and Cognitive Exercise Study (ACES) sought to replicate and extend prior findings of added cognitive benefit from exergaming to those with or at risk for mild cognitive impairment (MCI)...
2018: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764637/association-between-physical-activity-and-grade-point-average-among-a-cohort-of-pharmacy-students-in-didactic-years
#2
Qingqing Xu, Sujit S Sansgiry
INTRODUCTION: The physical activity (PA) behavior and its association with academic performance has not been examined among professional pharmacy (PharmD) students in didactic years. METHODS: A survey was administered to a cohort of PharmD students at University of Houston that collected information related to each student's PA and grade point average (GPA). Correlation analyses and multiple regression were performed to evaluate factors associated with GPA. RESULTS: The response rate was 58...
March 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761708/the-potential-of-interprofessional-education-to-translate-physiology-curricula-effectively-into-future-team-based-healthcare
#3
Scott Edwards, Patricia E Molina, Kathleen H McDonough, Donald E Mercante, Tina Patel Gunaldo
Incorporating active interprofessional education (IPE) opportunities into the classroom setting is a potentially effective mechanism to enhance student learning both in the basic sciences and for future interprofessional collaboration. We integrated an IPE exercise into a graduate-level human physiology course at our health sciences center that enrolled physician assistant (PA), physical therapy (PT), and graduate studies students. Our activity adopted and targeted the four Interprofessional Education Collaborative (IPEC) competency domains of values/ethics (VE), roles/responsibilities, interprofessional communication, and teams and teamwork (TT)...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738745/efficacy-of-exercise-interventions-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Reginald Heywood, Alexandra L McCarthy, Tina L Skinner
OBJECTIVE: To critically analyse the literature surrounding the efficacy of exercise interventions in patients with advanced cancer. DATA SOURCES: A literature search was undertaken of health and medical electronic databases (PubMED, Medline, CINAHL, Embase, PEDRO, Web of Science and Scopus) until 1st March 2017. STUDY SELECTION: Studies were included if they were published in the English language and met the following criteria: structured exercise as the primary intervention, ≥80% study participants diagnosed with advanced cancer that is unlikely to be cured; reported outcomes concerning physical function, quality of life, fatigue, body composition, psychosocial function, sleep quality pain and/or survival...
May 5, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736953/cognitive-and-physical-factors-affecting-daily-function-in-alzheimer-s-disease-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#5
Fang Yu, Yan Chen, Michelle A Mathiason, Qiaoqin Wan, Feng V Lin
Understanding the factors affecting activities of daily living (ADL) is important in Alzheimer's disease (AD), because decline in ADL contributes to many poor health outcomes. Existing studies often investigate the factors in isolation without a theoretical framework. The purpose of the present study was to provide preliminary results on how cognition, physical performance, and behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia mediate the relationship of aerobic fitness and ADL in AD. A cross-sectional analysis was used (n = 28: average age 78 [8] years, education 16 (3) years, Mini-Mental State Examination scores 20 [4])...
May 7, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735473/exercise-therapy-interventions-in-patients-with-hip-osteoarthritis-comparison-of-the-effects-of-dvd-and-website-based-interventions
#6
Yuko Uesugi, Junichiro Koyanagi, Keishi Takagi, Ryota Yamaguchi, Shinya Hayashi, Takashi Nishii
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of developmental hip dysplasia is high in Japan. Exercise therapy has been proven effective to treat certain aspects of hip osteoarthritis. Moreover, therapy provided via digital video discs (DVDs) and websites allows patients to exercise in the comfort of their own homes. However, no studies have evaluated the effectiveness of visual instructions in patients with hip disorders. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of exercise therapy administered via DVD and that administered via a website...
May 7, 2018: JMIR Rehabilitation and Assistive Technologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731608/self-care-agency-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-and-its-associated-factors-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Hui Yang, Xia Xie, Yuqing Song, Anliu Nie, Hong Chen
Purpose: The aim of this study was to estimate the level of self-care agency and explore its associated factors in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Patients and methods: In this cross-sectional study, all patients were from a tertiary general hospital between July and October 2016 in Southwest China. The self-care agency was assessed using the Exercise of Self-care Agency Scale. Other variables were measured by the Visual Analog Scale, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index 2000, the physical component summary, and mental component summary of the 36-item Short Form Health Survey...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719431/connecting-people-with-cancer-to-physical-activity-and-exercise-programs-a-pathway-to-create-accessibility-and-engagement
#8
D Santa Mina, C M Sabiston, D Au, A J Fong, L C Capozzi, D Langelier, M Chasen, J Chiarotto, J R Tomasone, J M Jones, E Chang, S N Culos-Reed
Recent guidelines concerning exercise for people with cancer provide evidence-based direction for exercise assessment and prescription for clinicians and their patients. Although the guidelines promote exercise integration into clinical care for people with cancer, they do not support strategies for bridging the guidelines with related resources or programs. Exercise program accessibility remains a challenge in implementing the guidelines, but that challenge might be mitigated with conceptual frameworks ("pathways") that connect patients with exercise-related resources...
April 2018: Current Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713319/debunking-the-myth-of-exercise-induced-immune-suppression-redefining-the-impact-of-exercise-on-immunological-health-across-the-lifespan
#9
REVIEW
John P Campbell, James E Turner
Epidemiological evidence indicates that regular physical activity and/or frequent structured exercise reduces the incidence of many chronic diseases in older age, including communicable diseases such as viral and bacterial infections, as well as non-communicable diseases such as cancer and chronic inflammatory disorders. Despite the apparent health benefits achieved by leading an active lifestyle, which imply that regular physical activity and frequent exercise enhance immune competency and regulation, the effect of a single bout of exercise on immune function remains a controversial topic...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686977/a-prototype-exercise-empowerment-mobile-video-game-for-children-with-cancer-and-its-usability-assessment-developing-digital-empowerment-interventions-for-pediatric-diseases
#10
Carol S Bruggers, Sabrina Baranowski, Mathew Beseris, Rachel Leonard, Derek Long, Elizabeth Schulte, Ashton Shorter, Rowan Stigner, Clinton C Mason, Alisa Bedrov, Ian Pascual, Grzegorz Bulaj
Background: Medical advances continue to improve morbidity and mortality of serious pediatric diseases, including cancer, driving research addressing diminished physical and psychological quality of life in children with these chronic conditions. Empowerment enhances resilience and positively influences health, disease, and therapy understanding. We describe the development and usability assessment of a prototype Empower Stars! mobile video game grounded in behavioral and exercise theories with the purpose of coupling physical exercise with empowerment over disease in children with cancer...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671055/a-new-perspective-of-the-hippocampus-in-the-origin-of-exercise-brain-interactions
#11
REVIEW
Catarina Rendeiro, Justin S Rhodes
Exercising regularly is a highly effective strategy for maintaining cognitive health throughout the lifespan. Over the last 20 years, many molecular, physiological and structural changes have been documented in response to aerobic exercise training in humans and animals, particularly in the hippocampus. However, how exercise produces such neurological changes remains elusive. A recent line of investigation has suggested that muscle-derived circulating factors cross into the brain and may be the key agents driving enhancement in synaptic plasticity and hippocampal neurogenesis from aerobic exercise...
April 18, 2018: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628054/women-s-self-reported-factors-that-influence-their-postpartum-exercise-levels
#12
REVIEW
Susan Liipfert Shelton, Shih-Yu Sylvia Lee
The birth of a child is a life transition that can signal an opportunity to promote wellness and self-care. Nurses and other health care providers can encourage women to engage in exercise for physical and mental health and to enhance weight loss after birth. However, incorporating an exercise routine into life with an infant can be challenging. Sixty-two women provided feedback about their exercise patterns before and during pregnancy, and 18 of these women gave additional insight into barriers to and facilitators of exercise engagement after childbirth...
April 2018: Nursing for Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621886/plain-language-to-communicate-physical-activity-information-a-website-content-analysis
#13
Samantha R Paige, David R Black, Marifran Mattson, Daniel C Coster, Michael Stellefson
Plain language techniques are health literacy universal precautions intended to enhance health care system navigation and health outcomes. Physical activity (PA) is a popular topic on the Internet, yet it is unknown if information is communicated in plain language. This study examined how plain language techniques are included in PA websites, and if the use of plain language techniques varies according to search procedures (keyword, search engine) and website host source (government, commercial, educational/organizational)...
April 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619795/switching-between-pitch-surfaces-practical-applications-and-future-perspectives-for-soccer-training
#14
Vincenzo Rago, João R Silva, João Brito, Daniel Barreira, Magni Mohr, Peter Krustrup, António N Rebelo
Soccer training and completion is conventionally practiced on natural grass (NG) or artificial turf (AT). Recently, AT pitches for training / competition, and of unstable surfaces for injury prevention training has increased. Therefore, soccer players are frequently exposed to variations in pitch surface during either training or competition. These ground changes may impact physical and physiological responses, adaptations as well as the injury. The aim of this review was to summarize the acute physical and physiological responses, chronic adaptations, and injury risk associated with exercising on different pitch surfaces in soccer...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617707/changes-in-body-mass-index-and-physical-activity-predict-changes-in-vitality-during-a-weight-loss-trial-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#15
Kelly M Kenzik, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried, Patricia A Ganz, Graham Colditz, Cheryl L Rock, Laura Q Rogers
Background: Breast cancer survivors rank fatigue (e.g., decreased vitality) as their number one concern affecting quality of life. Excess adiposity is associated with decreased vitality in breast cancer survivors, yet weight loss intervention trials report inconsistent effects on this parameter. Methods: This is a secondary analysis of the Exercise and Nutrition to Enhance Recovery and Good Health for You trial, in which 692 overweight or obese breast cancer survivors ≤5 years from diagnosis, initiated weight loss interventions, and completed assessments semi-annually for 2 years...
March 29, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614612/-intervention-effect-assessment-of-response-to-heatwave-in-communities-of-four-cities-china
#16
Y H Li, Q Q Wang, L Lan, S Q Luo, D K Fang, J Y He, C Yang, Z Ding, Y B Cheng, C C Li, Z Wu, S Y Yu, Y L Jin
Objective: To evaluate the intervention effects of response to heatwave in communities of four cities, China. Methods: Baseline survey on heatwave and climate change related knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) was conducted in the pilot communities in Harbin, Nanjing, Shenzhen and Chongqing, using face-to-face questionnaire interview in November, 2011 to November, 2013. Finally, 1 604 residents were interviewed. Intervention measures were implemented in summers of 2013 and 2014, including delivering early warning information of heatwave health risk and launching health education and promotion...
April 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606554/the-effects-of-exercise-on-sexual-function-in-women
#17
REVIEW
Amelia M Stanton, Ariel B Handy, Cindy M Meston
BACKGROUND: Acute exercise is associated with transient changes in metabolic rate, muscle activation, and blood flow, whereas chronic exercise facilitates long-lasting adaptations that ultimately improve physical performance. Exercise in general is known to improve both physical and psychological health, but the differential effects of brief bouts of exercise vs long-term exercise regimens on sexual function are less clear. AIM: The purpose of this review was to assess the direct and indirect effects of both acute and chronic exercise on multiple domains of sexual function in women...
March 29, 2018: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596867/the-short-term-stress-response-mother-nature-s-mechanism-for-enhancing-protection-and-performance-under-conditions-of-threat-challenge-and-opportunity
#18
REVIEW
Firdaus S Dhabhar
Our group has proposed that in contrast to chronic stress that can have harmful effects, the short-term (fight-or-flight) stress response (lasting for minutes to hours) is nature's fundamental survival mechanism that enhances protection and performance under conditions involving threat/challenge/opportunity. Short-term stress enhances innate/primary, adaptive/secondary, vaccine-induced, and anti-tumor immune responses, and post-surgical recovery. Mechanisms and mediators include stress hormones, dendritic cell, neutrophil, macrophage, and lymphocyte trafficking/function and local/systemic chemokine and cytokine production...
March 26, 2018: Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555623/assessing-the-feasibility-of-a-social-media-to-promote-weight-management-engagement-in-adolescents-with-severe-obesity-pilot-study
#19
Elizabeth Prout Parks, Reneé H Moore, Ziyi Li, Chanelle T Bishop-Gilyard, Andrew R Garrett, Douglas L Hill, Yasmeen P Bruton, David B Sarwer
BACKGROUND: Severe obesity in adolescents has deleterious physical and psychological complications necessitating frequent multi-disciplinary clinic visits. Greater treatment engagement has been equated with weight-loss. However, traditional medical weight-loss programs for adolescents have high attrition rates. Social media is widely used by adolescents and may enhance medical weight management engagement and success. OBJECTIVE: The first objective was to examine the acceptability and feasibility of using a private social media group as an adjunct to medical weight management in youth ages 14 to 20 years with severe obesity [body mass index (BMI) ≥ 35 kg/m2]...
March 19, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554318/the-role-of-physical-activity-in-the-association-between-smoking-status-and-quality-of-life
#20
Sabina O Nduaguba, Kentya H Ford, Karen Rascati
Objectives: Non-smoking status and physical activity have, individually, been shown to be associated with health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The objective of this study was to assess whether the relationship between smoking status and HRQoL is modified or influenced by physical activity. Methods: Data were extracted from the 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey dataset (N=332,680) in 2015. Logistic regression models were used to address study objectives...
March 15, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
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