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Health enhancing physical exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078981/resilience-to-alzheimer-s-disease-the-role-of-physical-activity
#1
Pedrinolla Anna, Schena Federico, Venturelli Massimo
BACKGROUND: Although Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative pathology characterized by accumulation of β-amyloid plaques and neurofibrillary tangles at cerebral level, recent studies highlighted that AD might be the result of many altered physiological processes occurring at whole-organism level. The ability to adapt to stressors by "bending" but not "breaking" can be considered as "resilience". Individuals incline to withstand such pathophysiological challenges, can be considered more resilient than those that do not...
January 11, 2017: Current Alzheimer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077835/-development-and-effects-of-a-heart-health-diary-for-self-care-enhancement-of-patients-with-heart-failure
#2
Jae Lan Shim, Seon Young Hwang
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop a heart health diary to promote self-care ability among patients with heart failure (HF), and to identify the diary's effect on self-care adherence, self-efficacy, and physical activity. METHODS: A randomized control-group pretestposttest design was adopted using block randomization. A calender-typed health diary was developed and it included a self-care checklist and education information on HF management. The experimental group were given guided counseling and education for 8 weeks and wrote a daily health diary during that period...
December 2016: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062082/the-effect-of-a-rehabilitation-nursing-intervention-model-on-improving-the-comprehensive-health-status-of-patients-with-hand-burns
#3
Lin Li, Jia-Xi Dai, Le Xu, Zhen-Xia Huang, Qiong Pan, Xi Zhang, Mei-Yun Jiang, Zhao-Hong Chen
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To observe the effect of a rehabilitation intervention on the comprehensive health status of patients with hand burns. BACKGROUND: Most studies of hand-burn patients have focused on functional recovery. There have been no studies involving a biological-psychological-social rehabilitation model of hand-burn patients. DESIGN: A randomized controlled design was used. METHODS: Patients with hand burns were recruited to the study, and sixty patients participated...
January 3, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058460/-risk-assessment-of-synephrine-in-dietary-supplements
#4
Nadiya Bakhyia, Birgit Dusemund, Klaus Richter, Oliver Lindtner, Karen Ildico Hirsch-Ernst, Bernd Schäfer, Alfonso Lampen
Synephrine is a sympathomimetic phenylethylamine derivative that occurs naturally in citrus fruits. It is often added to dietary supplements intended for weight loss and enhancement of sports performance, typically in the form of Citrus aurantium extracts and in many cases in combination with caffeine. The health risks of synephrine were evaluated on the basis of the available toxicological data and in accordance to the EFSA guidance on the safety assessment of botanicals and botanical preparations intended for use in food supplements...
January 5, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051979/barriers-and-health-beliefs-related-to-weight-management-among-veterans-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus
#5
Shannon Munro, Emily Dinatale, Sarah Hartley, Monica St Jacques, Kris Ann Oursler
INTRODUCTION: The success of antiretroviral therapy has led to dramatic changes in causes of morbidity and mortality among U.S. Veterans with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Among the 25,000 Veterans treated for HIV, 70% are over age 50 and the rate of obesity has doubled in this population. Veterans with HIV have a 50% increased risk of myocardial infarction yet have limited presence in prevention-related programs designed to lower cardiovascular disease risk. METHODS: This mixed methods study (focus groups, Schwarzer and Renner physical activity, and nutrition self-efficacy questionnaires) was used to explore factors related to health behavior and identify barriers that overweight Veterans with HIV face in enrolling in the MOVE weight management program...
January 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050708/perceptions-of-weight-management-counseling-among-gynecologic-cancer-survivors-opportunities-for-enhancing-survivorship-care
#6
Alexandra K Zaleta, Robert Neff, Georgia A McCann, David M O'Malley, Kristen M Carpenter
PURPOSE: Oncology practice guidelines recommend incorporating weight management efforts throughout survivorship care; however, some oncologists raise concerns about implementing weight management counseling without damaging patient-provider relationships. This study explores cancer survivors' receptivity to weight management counseling and examines whether views of counseling effectiveness are associated with individual characteristics including health-related perceptions or psychological distress...
January 3, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042985/enhancing-elderly-health-examination-effectiveness-by-adding-physical-function-evaluations-and-interventions
#7
Chia-Ming Li, Ching-I Chang, Wen-Ruey Yu, Winnie Yang, Chih-Cheng Hsu, Ching-Yu Chen
This study aimed to assess the benefit of adding physical function evaluations and interventions to routine elderly health examination. This is a Quasi-experimental controlled trial. 404 elderly adults (aged 70 and over) scoring 3-6 on the Canadian Study of Health and Aging Clinical Frailty Scale Chinese In-Person Interview Version (CSHA-CFS) in a 2012 annual elderly health examination were enrolled. Both the control and experimental groups received the routine annual health examination with the latter further provided with functional evaluations, exercise instruction, and nutrition education...
December 24, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042020/strength-training-to-enhance-early-recovery-steer-following-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#8
Eileen Danaher Hacker, Eileen Collins, Chang Park, Tara Peters, Pritesh Patel, Damiano Rondelli
Intensive cancer treatment followed by hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT) results in moderate to severe fatigue and physical inactivity leading to diminished functional ability. The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of an exercise intervention, Strength Training to Enhance Early Recovery (STEER), on physical activity, fatigue, muscle strength, functional ability, and quality of life following HCT. This single-blind, randomized clinical trial compared strength training (n = 33) to usual care plus attention-control with health-education (n = 34)...
December 29, 2016: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017952/-effect-of-exercise-and-sports-activity-on-bone-health-during-the-period-of-adolescence-to-young-adulthood
#9
Takeru Kato
Physical activity may play an important role in maximizing bone mass during adolescence to young adulthood and may have long-lasting benefits on bone health. Because peak bone mass is thought to be attained by the end of the third decade, the early adult years may be the final opportunity for its augmentation. High-impact weight-bearing exercise during youth may provide lifelong benefits in terms of bone mineral content, structure and strength, and consequently reduce fracture risk. Weight-bearing exercise in youth affects bone, and these effects may be preserved as BMC, geometric and structural advantages even after 40 years...
2017: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017941/-a-role-of-exercise-and-sports-in-the-prevention-of-osteoporosis
#10
Jun Iwamoto
Physical activity plays an important role in maintaining or enhancing bone health. Jumping exercise increases bone mineral content(BMC)in prepubescent children(premenarcheal girls). Bone mineral density(BMD)is higher in adolescent athletes who are engaged in weight-bearing activities. Jumping exercise, muscle strengthening exercise, and weight-bearing plus muscle strengthening exercises increase BMD in young adults and premenopausal women. Walking, aerobic weight-bearing exercise, muscle strengthening exercise, and weight-bearing plus muscle strengthening exercises maintain or increase BMD in postmenopausal women...
2017: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002636/caregiver-mediated-exercises-for-improving-outcomes-after-stroke
#11
REVIEW
Judith Dm Vloothuis, Marijn Mulder, Janne M Veerbeek, Manin Konijnenbelt, Johanna Ma Visser-Meily, Johannes Cf Ket, Gert Kwakkel, Erwin Eh van Wegen
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a major cause of long-term disability in adults. Several systematic reviews have shown that a higher intensity of training can lead to better functional outcomes after stroke. Currently, the resources in inpatient settings are not always sufficient and innovative methods are necessary to meet these recommendations without increasing healthcare costs. A resource efficient method to augment intensity of training could be to involve caregivers in exercise training. A caregiver-mediated exercise programme has the potential to improve outcomes in terms of body function, activities, and participation in people with stroke...
December 21, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989730/behaviour-change-intervention-increases-physical-activity-spinal-mobility-and-quality-of-life-in-adults-with-ankylosing-spondylitis-a-randomised-trial
#12
Tom O'Dwyer, Ann Monaghan, Jonathan Moran, Finbar O'Shea, Fiona Wilson
QUESTIONS: Does a 3-month behaviour change intervention targeting physical activity (PA) increase habitual physical activity in adults with ankylosing spondylitis (AS)? Does the intervention improve health-related physical fitness, AS-related features, and attitude to exercise? Are any gains maintained over a 3-month follow-up? DESIGN: Parallel-group, randomised, controlled trial with concealed allocation, assessor blinding and intention-to-treat analysis. PARTICIPANTS: Forty adults with a diagnosis of AS, on stable medication, and without PA-limiting comorbidities...
January 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956829/telemonitoring-of-home-exercise-cycle-training-in-patients-with-copd
#13
Karl-Josef Franke, Ulrike Domanski, Maik Schroeder, Volker Jansen, Frank Artmann, Uwe Weber, Rainer Ettler, Georg Nilius
BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity is associated with reduced mortality in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Interventions to reduce time spent in sedentary behavior could improve outcomes. The primary purpose was to investigate the impact of telemonitoring with supportive phone calls on daily exercise times with newly established home exercise bicycle training. The secondary aim was to examine the potential improvement in health-related quality of life and physical activity compared to baseline...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932876/effectiveness-of-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-for-the-rehabilitation-of-moderate-to-severe-copd-a-meta-analysis
#14
Rong-Chang Chen, Xiao-Ying Li, Li-Li Guan, Bing-Peng Guo, Wei-Liang Wu, Zi-Qing Zhou, Ya-Ting Huo, Xin Chen, Lu-Qian Zhou
PURPOSE: Patients with COPD often experience skeletal muscle dysfunction. For those who are unable or unwilling to undertake physical training, neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) may provide an alternative method of rehabilitation. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to investigate the controversial topic of whether this therapy is effective in patients with moderate-to-severe COPD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We pooled data from nine trials published between January 9, 2002 and January 4, 2016 across PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Google Scholar, and relevant websites for randomized controlled trials...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930890/within-session-responses-to-high-intensity-interval-training-in-spinal-cord-injury
#15
Todd Anthony Astorino, Jacob S Thum
AIM: Completion of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) increases maximal oxygen uptake and health status, yet its feasibility in persons with spinal cord injury is unknown. PURPOSE: To compare changes in cardiorespiratory and metabolic variables between two interval training regimes and moderate intensity exercise. METHOD: Nine adults with spinal cord injury (duration = 6.8 ± 6.2 year) initially underwent determination of peak oxygen uptake...
December 8, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919265/fatigue-in-patients-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-relationship-to-perceived-health-physical-health-self-efficacy-and-participation
#16
Wineke Armbrust, Otto H T M Lelieveld, Jolanda Tuinstra, Nico M Wulffraat, G J F Joyce Bos, Jeannette Cappon, Marion A J van Rossum, Pieter J J Sauer, Mariët Hagedoorn
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is common in patients with JIA and affects daily life negatively. We assessed the presence and severity of fatigue in patients with JIA, including factors presumed associated with fatigue (e.g., disease activity, disability, pain, physical activity, exercise capacity, and self-efficacy), and whether fatigue is related to participation in physical education classes, school attendance, and sports frequency. METHODS: The current study used baseline data of 80 patients with JIA (age 8-13) who participated in an intervention aimed at promoting physical activity...
December 6, 2016: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900515/community-based-healthy-aging-interventions-for-older-adults-with-arthritis-and-multimorbidity
#17
Janice C Zgibor, Lei Ye, Robert M Boudreau, Molly B Conroy, Joni Vander Bilt, Elizabeth A Rodgers, Elizabeth A Schlenk, Mini E Jacob, Jane Brandenstein, Steven M Albert, Anne B Newman
Examine the impact of programs led by community health workers on health and function in older adults with arthritis and other health conditions. We conducted a cluster-randomized trial of the Arthritis Foundation Exercise Program (AFEP) enhanced with the "10 Keys"™ to Healthy Aging compared with the AFEP program at 54 sites in 462 participants (mean age 73 years, 88 % women, 80 % white). Trained Community health workers delivered the 10-week programs. Outcomes assessed after 6 months included physical performance [Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB)], Western Ontario and McMaster Universities (WOMAC) Osteoarthritis Index, and preventive health behaviors...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891758/is-work-keeping-us-from-acting-healthy-how-workplace-barriers-and-facilitators-impact-nutrition-and-exercise-behaviors
#18
Joseph J Mazzola, J Taylor Moore, Katherine Alexander
The purpose of this study was to identify common barriers and facilitators to healthy nutrition and exercise behaviors in the workplace and examine their relationships to those actual daily health behaviors. We utilized a concurrent embedded mixed methods approach to collect data from 93 participants over the span of four days. Participants reported 2.80 nutrition and 3.28 exercise barriers on average over the 4 days, while reporting 2.93 nutrition and 1.98 exercise facilitators in the same timeframe. Results indicated that workload and temptations around the office prevented nutritious eating; exercise behaviors were frequently hindered by workload...
November 27, 2016: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891297/exercise-rehabilitation-following-intensive-care-unit-discharge-for-recovery-from-critical-illness-executive-summary-of-a-cochrane-collaboration-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Bronwen Connolly, Lisa Salisbury, Brenda O'Neill, Louise Geneen, Abdel Douiri, Michael P W Grocott, Nicholas Hart, Timothy S Walsh, Bronagh Blackwood
Skeletal muscle wasting and weakness are major complications of critical illness and underlie the profound physical and functional impairments experienced by survivors after discharge from the intensive care unit (ICU). Exercise-based rehabilitation has been shown to be beneficial when delivered during ICU admission. This review aimed to determine the effectiveness of exercise rehabilitation initiated after ICU discharge on primary outcomes of functional exercise capacity and health-related quality of life...
December 2016: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890482/dietary-nitrate-does-not-affect-physical-activity-or-outcomes-in-healthy-older-adults-in-a-randomized-cross-over-trial
#20
Mario Siervo, Clio Oggioni, Djordje G Jakovljevic, Michael Trenell, John C Mathers, David Houghton, Carlos Celis-Morales, Ammar W Ashor, Alan Ruddock, Mayur Ranchordas, Markos Klonizakis, Elizabeth A Williams
Although dietary nitrate (NO3(-)) ingestion appears to enhance exercise capacity and performance in young individuals, inconclusive findings have been reported in older people. Therefore, we conducted a double-blind, crossover randomized clinical trial using beetroot juice in older healthy participants, who were classified as normal weight and overweight. We tested whether consumption of beetroot juice (a rich source of NO3(-)) for 1 week would increase nitric oxide bioavailability via the nonenzymatic pathway and enhance (1) exercise capacity during an incremental exercise test, (2) physical capability, and (3) free-living physical activity...
December 2016: Nutrition Research
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