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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050492/prevalence-of-dementia-in-a-geriatric-palliative-care-unit
#1
Amanda T Lo, Jurgis Karuza, Anna Berall, Giulia-Anna Perri
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of dementia in a palliative care unit (PCU) and to determine whether there is a difference between length of stay (LOS) and Palliative Performance Scale (PPS) score in individuals admitted with a primary diagnosis of dementia compared to individuals admitted with other noncancer and cancer diagnoses. DESIGN: Descriptive retrospective chart review. SETTING: Geriatric PCU in an academic community geriatric hospital...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033226/the-importance-of-palliative-care-for-dementia
#2
EDITORIAL
Scott A Irwin, Joseph W Shega, Greg A Sachs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 26, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020864/end-of-life-care-a-qualitative-study-comparing-the-views-of-people-with-dementia-and-family-carers
#3
Marie Poole, Claire Bamford, Emma McLellan, Richard P Lee, Catherine Exley, Julian C Hughes, Karen Harrison-Dening, Louise Robinson
BACKGROUND: In recent years, UK policy has increasingly recognised the importance of end-of-life care in dementia. While professional consensus on optimal palliative care in dementia has been reported, little is known about the perspectives of people with dementia and family carers. AIM: To compare the views of people with dementia and family carers of people with dementia (current and recently bereaved) on optimal end-of-life care. DESIGN: Qualitative interviews (32) and a focus group were conducted...
October 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988561/discussing-advance-care-planning-insights-from-older-people-living-in-nursing-homes-and-from-family-members
#4
Francesca Ingravallo, Veronica Mignani, Elena Mariani, Giovanni Ottoboni, Marie Christine Melon, Rabih Chattat
BACKGROUND: Evidence concerning when and in which manner older people living in nursing homes (NHs) would prefer to discuss advance care planning (ACP) is still scarce. This study explored the attitudes of NH residents and family members toward ACP and their opinions as to the right time to broach the subject, the manner in which it should be approached, and the content of ACP. METHODS: This was a qualitative study using face-to-face interviews with 30 residents (age range 66-94), and 10 family members from 4 Italian NHs...
October 9, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982489/palliative-care-in-neurology
#5
REVIEW
Maisha T Robinson, Robert G Holloway
Palliative medicine is a specialty that focuses on improving the quality of life for patients with serious or advanced medical conditions, and it is appropriate at any stage of disease, including at the time of diagnosis. Neurologic conditions tend to have high symptom burdens, variable disease courses, and poor prognoses that affect not only patients but also their families and caregivers. Patients with a variety of neurologic conditions such as Parkinson disease, dementia, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, brain tumors, stroke, and acute neurologic illnesses have substantial unmet needs that can be addressed through a combination of primary and specialty palliative care...
October 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977013/bereavement-support-for-family-caregivers-the-gap-between-guidelines-and-practice-in-palliative-care
#6
Samar M Aoun, Bruce Rumbold, Denise Howting, Amanda Bolleter, Lauren J Breen
BACKGROUND: Standards for bereavement care propose that support should be matched to risk and need. However, studies in many countries demonstrate that palliative care services continue to adopt a generic approach in offering support to bereaved families. OBJECTIVE: To identify patterns of bereavement support in palliative care services based upon the experience of bereaved people from a population based survey and in relation to clinical practice guidelines. DESIGN: An anonymous postal survey collected information from clients of six funeral providers in four Australian states (2014-15), 6 to 24 months after the death of their family member or friend, with 1,139 responding...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969014/do-cancer-patients-with-dementia-receive-less-aggressive-treatment-in-end-of-life-care-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#7
Huei-Kai Huang, Jyh-Gang Hsieh, Chia-Jung Hsieh, Ying-Wei Wang
Dementia is a progressive, incurable disease that can deprive patients of the ability to make decisions. This study determines whether dementia influences the medical care that a cancer patient receives at the end of life. We conducted a nationwide population-based cohort study on patients aged ≥20 with newly diagnosed cancer during 2000-2012. After matching to reduce confounders, there were 7,111 patients with and 28,444 without dementia. The adjusted odd ratios (OR) for medical interventions, including intensive care, palliative care, invasive procedures, and advanced diagnostic testing, were calculated for the final month and three months of life by a multiple logistic regression model...
September 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933993/gradual-physical-decline-characterises-the-illness-trajectories-of-care-home-residents
#8
Anne M Finucane, Barbara Stevenson, Scott A Murray
BACKGROUND: Three archetypal trajectories of physical decline have been identified: a short period of rapid decline; long-term limitations with intermittent acute periods; and a prolonged gradual decline. An understanding of illness trajectories can help clarify the evolving needs of people with progressive conditions, and inform the development of palliative care services to meet their needs. Many frail older people live and die in care homes; the present study is the first to explore the illness trajectories of residents in care home settings...
September 2, 2017: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922291/population-based-models-of-planning-for-palliative-care-in-older-people
#9
David C Currow, Jane Phillips, Meera Agar
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Health service planning requires demographic, clinical, and health systems data and is unique to each health system. Planning for palliative care in older people must include patients and their carers. This review explores literature from the last 24 months. RECENT FINDINGS: The proportion of people living in skilled nursing facilities is increasing and many residents require quality palliative care. Simultaneously, the complexity of care for older people is also increasing...
September 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916294/characteristics-of-older-adults-in-primary-care-who-may-benefit-from-primary-palliative-care-in-the-united-states
#10
Nancy Dudley, Christine S Ritchie, Margaret I Wallhagen, Kenneth E Covinsky, Bruce A Cooper, Kanan Patel, Irena Stijacic-Cenzer, Susan A Chapman
CONTEXT: Older adults with advanced illness and associated symptoms may benefit from primary palliative care, but limited data exist to identify older adults in U.S. primary care to benefit from this care. OBJECTIVES: To describe U.S. primary care visits among adults 65 years and older with advanced illness. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of the National Ambulatory and Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Surveys (2009-2011) was conducted using chi-square tests to compare visits without and with advanced illness to U...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905647/the-challenge-pathway-a-mixed-methods-evaluation-of-an-innovative-care-model-for-the-palliative-and-end-of-life-care-of-people-with-dementia-innovative-practice
#11
Emily Harrop, Annmarie Nelson, Helen Rees, Dylan Harris, Simon Noble
An innovative service for the palliative and end-of-life care of people with dementia was introduced at a UK hospice. This evaluation involved analysis of audit data, semi-structured interviews with project staff (n=3) and surveys of family carers (n=15) and professionals (n=20). The service has increased access to palliative, end-of-life care and other services. Improvements were reported in the knowledge, confidence and care skills of family carers and professionals. Carers felt better supported and it was perceived that the service enabled more patients to be cared for at home or in their usual place of care...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901973/identifying-palliative-care-needs-in-people-with-dementia
#12
Mari Lloyd-Williams, Caroline Mogan, Karen Harrison Dening
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Dementia is now recognized as a progressive life-limiting illness where many patients can benefit from access to palliative care. RECENT FINDINGS: The present review has focused on three areas namely, advanced care planning in supporting palliative care for dementia, hospice provision for people with dementia and provision of care within family home. In advanced care planning, there is little research on systematically developed and implemented advance care planning interventions or whether they achieve desired outcomes for end-of-life care...
September 8, 2017: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885725/supporting-spirituality-in-the-care-of-older-people-living-with-dementia-a-hermeneutic-phenomenological-inquiry-into-nurses-experiences
#13
Kristiina Toivonen, Andreas Charalambous, Riitta Suhonen
BACKGROUND: Spirituality is defined as a search for answers to existential questions about the meaning of life and the individual's relationship with the sacred or transcendent. This relationship may or may not involve affiliation with a specific religion. Studies on spirituality have focused on palliative care, and there are limited studies into the spirituality in the care of older people with dementia. AIM: To describe the experiences of nurses supporting spirituality in the care of older people living with dementia...
September 8, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884711/-clinical-polymorphism-of-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#14
E A Kovrazhkina, O D Razinskaya, L V Gubsky
AIM: To clarify clinical polymorphism of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was based on records of a hospital personalized register. Ninety-four patients, aged from 25 to 81 years, diagnosed with ALS according to El Escorial criteria were included. Electromyography and, if necessary, transcranial magnetic stimulation and magnetic-resonance tomography were used to confirm the diagnosis. Disease progression was assessed with the ARSFRS...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873217/geriatrics-literature-2016-year-in-review
#15
Kaitlin Willham, Kenneth Covinsky, Eric Widera
We present 10 of the most effective articles from 2016 in geriatric medicine. They address wide-ranging topics including the use of antipsychotics for delirium in palliative care, fall prevention and mobility interventions, efficacy and potential risks of testosterone, cranberry capsules and their effect on bacteriuria and pyuria, beta-blockers after acute myocardial infarction in a nursing home population, the effect of a healthy lifestyle on disability, a goals-of-care intervention in individuals with advanced dementia, the benefits of regional anesthesia in hip repair, and mindfulness in chronic pain management...
October 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857009/what-support-do-nurses-need-to-provide-palliative-care-for-people-with-dementia
#16
Elizabeth Champion
The aim of this project was to identify the support required by registered nurses and unregistered healthcare support workers to provide palliative care for people with dementia in an acute hospital in England. A quantitative approach was taken and participants were asked to fill in a questionnaire. Data were collated and analysed to identify support needs and any emerging themes. Respondents were confident in identifying the different stages of dementia. There was less confidence in identifying a patient with dementia for palliative care referral compared with a patient without dementia...
August 31, 2017: Nursing Older People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853000/discontinuation-of-preventive-medicines-in-older-people-with-limited-life-expectancy-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Sujita W Narayan, Prasad S Nishtala
BACKGROUND: In the presence of multimorbidity and limited life expectancy (LLE), the need for continued use of preventive medicines becomes uncertain as they may neither improve health nor confer continued health benefits. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to systematically review the literature to examine the discontinuation of preventive medicines in older people with LLE. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted using the Ovid MEDLINE, Embase, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and the Cochrane Central Register databases...
August 29, 2017: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831611/dementia-specific-training-for-nursing-home-staff-a%C3%A2-systematic-literature-review
#18
REVIEW
Julia Riesch, Lucy Meyer, Bosco Lehr, Thomas Severin
BACKGROUND: For people with dementia high-quality care is vital, since at present dementia cannot be cured. In nursing homes this care is provided by the staff, who therefore require dementia-specific training enabling them to improve the quality of life for people with dementia. OBJECTIVE: This article compares existing dementia-specific training for nursing home staff with recommendations, based on the current state of research, by the Alzheimer's Association and the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, and discusses the outcome of this training...
August 22, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822692/complex-clinical-intersection-palliative-care-in-patients-with-dementia
#19
REVIEW
Ellen E Lee, Beverly Chang, Steven Huege, Jeremy Hirst
Because of the rapidly growing older population and increases in longevity, rates of dementia have been rising. Clinical challenges of treating dementia include limited resources and lack of curative therapies. Palliative care approaches improve quality of life and alleviate suffering for dementia patients at the end of life, although implementation may be limited by societal acceptance and feasibility. This review examines the published literature on pain assessments, pain and behavior interventions, tools for advanced care planning, and clinical concerns in dementia patients...
June 29, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817366/trajectory-of-dyspnea-and-respiratory-distress-among-patients-in-the-last-month-of-life
#20
Margaret L Campbell, Jason M Kiernan, John Strandmark, Hossein N Yarandi
BACKGROUND: The trajectory of dyspnea has been reported among patients approaching the end of life. However, patients near death have been dropped from longitudinal studies or excluded altogether because of an inability to self-report; proxy estimates have been reported. It is not known whether dyspnea or respiratory distress remains stable, escalates, or abates as patients reach last days. OBJECTIVE: Determine trajectory of dyspnea (self-reported) and respiratory distress (observed) among patients who were approaching death...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
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