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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944936/smoking-cessation-in-workplace-settings-quit-rates-and-determinants-in-a-group-behaviour-therapy-programme
#1
Yann Hausherr, Carlos Quinto, Leticia Grize, Christian Schindler, Nicole Probst-Hensch
INTRODUCTION: To capitalise on the opportunities that the smoking ban legislation in Switzerland offers for the prevention of tobacco-related diseases, a smoking cessation programme in a workplace setting was developed and implemented in companies across the language and cultural regions of Switzerland. Our goal was to identify factors associated with relapse into smoking that may be overcome during training sessions or that should be considered for the optimisation of future interventions...
September 25, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944044/shifting-paradigm-of-maternal-and-perinatal-death-review-system-in-bangladesh-a-real-time-approach-to-address-sustainable-developmental-goal-3-by-2030
#2
REVIEW
Animesh Biswas
Recently, Bangladesh has made remarkable progress in reducing maternal and neonatal morality, even though the millennium developmental goal to reduce maternal and neonatal mortality was not achieved. Sustainable Developmental Goal (SDG) 3 has already been set for a new target to reduce maternal and neonatal deaths by 2030. The country takes this timely initiative to introduce a maternal and perinatal death review system. This review will discuss the shifting paradigm of the maternal and perinatal death review system in Bangladesh and its challenges in reaching the SDG on time...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944038/stress-from-cold-and-drought-as-drivers-of-functional-trait-spectra-in-north-american-angiosperm-tree-assemblages
#3
Irena Šímová, Marta Rueda, Bradford A Hawkins
Understanding how environmental change alters the composition of plant assemblages, and how this in turn affects ecosystem functioning is a major challenge in the face of global climate change. Assuming that values of plant traits express species adaptations to the environment, the trait-based approach is a promising way to achieve this goal. Nevertheless, how functional traits are related to species' environmental tolerances and how trait spectra respond to broad-scale environmental gradients remains largely unexplored...
September 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943994/preservation-of-the-sterile-matrix-hyponychium-and-fingertip-pad-in-fingertip-reconstruction-with-composite-fingertip-and-nail-bed-graft-and-volar-v-y-advancement-flap
#4
Joshua T Henderson, Steven A Schulz, Andrew M Swiergosz, Andrea R Hiller, J Stephen Gunn, Joshua H Choo, Morton L Kasdan, Bradon J Wilhelmi
Background: The goals of fingertip reconstruction are to achieve adequate soft-tissue coverage and a functional nail plate and to maintain sensation, proprioception, and cosmesis. Objective: We present a composite tissue graft and volar V-Y advancement flap for reconstruction of a traumatic amputation of a fingertip, which provided optimal preservation of the hyponychium and the volar pad for prevention of a hook nail. Historically, composite fingertip grafts have not been recommended for adults with large defects...
2017: Eplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943821/continuous-antithrombin-iii-administration-in-pediatric-veno-arterial-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#5
Kristina M Nelson, Lizbeth A Hansen, Marie E Steiner, Gwenyth A Fischer, John Dehnel, Sameer Gupta
The purpose of this retrospective case-control study is to determine the effect of continuous antithrombin III (ATIII) infusion on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) coagulation. All ECMO patients within the pediatric intensive care unit from January 2012 to July 2014 were included. Comparison was made between those who received continuous infusion ATIII through a standardized replacement protocol with historic controls receiving intermittent ATIII doses. Patients receiving the continuous infusion ATIII protocol spent more time in goal ACT range (71...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943215/-forehead-rejuvenation
#6
M Prevot, C Thomet, B Cornette de Saint-Cyr, A Marchac, E Delay
The goal of this article is to provide a systemic approach to forehead rejuvenation. Fillers, botulinic toxin injections, transpalpebral, endoscopic or bicoronal brow lift must be usual techniques for every plastic surgeon in overall facial rejuvenation. Achieving a long lasting and aesthetically pleasing forehead is possible only with surgical techniques when aging is obvious.
September 21, 2017: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942911/making-cancer-rehabilitation-services-work-for-cancer-patients-recommendations-for-research-and-practice-to-improve-employment-outcomes
#7
REVIEW
Catherine M Alfano, Erin E Kent, Lynne S Padgett, Melvin Grimes, Janet S de Moor
Cancer and its treatment can result in impairments that limit physical, psychosocial, and cognitive functioning, interfering with patients' ability to perform work-related functions. Because these work limitations can carry significant personal and societal costs, there is a timely need to identify and refer patients to cancer rehabilitation services to manage adverse consequences of treatment and to preserve employment. Coordinated efforts in 3 key areas will better connect patients to rehabilitation interventions that will help optimize employment...
September 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942722/pharmacy-workload-benchmarking-establishing-a-health-system-outpatient-infusion-productivity-metric
#8
Jeffrey S Reichard, David M Garbarz, Amanda L Teachey, Jonathan Allgood, M Jay Brown
Background and objectives Current productivity assessment models lack the ability to measure the quality of pharmacy services through workload validation. The goal of our efforts was to create a model to more accurately assess workload at multiple outpatient infusion centers. Method Current procedural terminology codes were identified as representative of the key drivers of pharmacy workload. Fourteen current procedural terminology codes representing medication orders were selected and categorized into eight distinctive groups associated with varying amounts of pharmacy workload...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942624/current-status-and-strategies-for-hepatitis-b-control-in-korea
#9
REVIEW
Eun Ju Cho, Sung Eun Kim, Ki Tae Suk, Jihyun An, Soung Won Jeong, Woo Jin Chung, Yoon Jun Kim
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is the most common cause of chronic liver diseases in Korea. After the introduction of the universal HBV vaccination program, the prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen was markedly reduced, and Korea is now classified as an area of intermediate endemicity for HBV. However, there are still hurdles for elimination of hepatitis B, such as immunoprophylaxis failure against vertical transmission, occurrence of acute hepatitis B among peoples who did not have vaccination at younger age, and rapid increase of immigrant populations from HBV endemic areas...
September 2017: Clinical and Molecular Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942620/current-status-and-strategies-for-viral-hepatitis-control-in-korea
#10
REVIEW
Dong Hyun Sinn, Eun Ju Cho, Ji Hoon Kim, Do Young Kim, Yoon Jun Kim, Moon Seok Choi
Viral hepatitis is one of major global health challenges with increasing disease burden worldwide. Hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus infections are major causes of chronic liver diseases. They can lead to cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, and death in significant portion of affected people. Transmission of hepatitis B virus can be blocked by vaccination. Progression of hepatitis B virus-related liver diseases can be prevented by long-term viral suppression with effective drugs. Although vaccine for hepatitis C virus is currently unavailable, hepatitis C virus infection can be eradicated by oral direct antiviral agents...
September 2017: Clinical and Molecular Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942192/emissions-of-volatile-organic-compounds-during-the-ship-loading-of-petroleum-products-dispersion-modelling-and-environmental-concerns
#11
Maria Francesca Milazzo, Giuseppa Ancione, Roberto Lisi
Emissions due to ship-loading of hydrocarbons are currently not addressed neither by the Directive on the integrated pollution prevention or by other environmental regulations. The scope of this study is to point towards the environmental and safety concerns associated with such emissions, even if proper attention has not been given to this issue until now. In order to achieve this goal, the modelling of the emission volatile organic compounds (VOC), due to ship-load operations at refineries has been made by means of the definition of a simulation procedure which includes a proper treatment of the hours of calm...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941937/exploiting-homing-abilities-of-cell-carriers-targeted-delivery-of-nanoparticles-for-cancer-therapy
#12
REVIEW
Pamela Tiet, Jacob Berlin
Off target toxicities is one of the hallmarks of conventional chemotherapy as only a tiny percentage of the injected dose actually reaches the tumor(s). Numerous strategies have been employed in attempts to achieve targeted therapeutic delivery to tumors. One strategy that has received immense attention has been the packaging of these chemotherapeutics into nanoparticles and relying on the enhanced permeation and retention (EPR) effect for targeting. However, few, if any, nanoformulations have been used clinically that actually show enhanced drug delivery to tumors...
September 20, 2017: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941335/-enabling-technologies-in-synthetic-biology-dna-synthesis-assembly-and-editing
#13
Shiyuan Li, Guoping Zhao, Jin Wang
Synthetic biology is an emerging discipline, which aims at creating artificial lives or remolding the present organisms to generate new features. To achieve these goals, synthetic biologists need to design and synthesize new genes, pathways, modules or even whole genomes. As these enabling technologies (e.g. gene synthesis, DNA assembly and genome editing) are very important for the progress of synthetic biology, we will focus on the development of these technologies in this review.
March 25, 2017: Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao, Chinese Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941177/biofloc-technology-application-in-aquaculture-to-support-sustainable-development-goals
#14
Peter Bossier, Julie Ekasari
Biofloc technology (BFT) application offers benefits in improving aquaculture production that could contribute to the achievement of sustainable development goals. This technology could result in higher productivity with less impact to the environment. Furthermore, biofloc systems may be developed and performed in integration with other food production, thus promoting productive integrated systems, aiming at producing more food and feed from the same area of land with fewer input. The biofloc technology is still in its infant stage...
September 2017: Microbial Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941142/coordination-accelerated-iron-extraction-enables-fast-biodegradation-of-mesoporous-silica-based-hollow-nanoparticles
#15
Liying Wang, Minfeng Huo, Yu Chen, Jianlin Shi
Biodegradation behavior of inorganic silica-based nanoplatforms is of critical importance in their clinical translations, but still remains a great challenge in achieving this goal by composition regulation of biocompatible silica framework. In the present work, a chemical coordination-accelerated biodegradation strategy to endow hollow mesoporous silica nanoparticles (HMSNs) with unique coordination-responsive biodegradability, on-demand coordination-responsive drug releasing behavior, and significantly enhanced chemotherapeutic efficacy by directly doping iron (Fe) ions into the framework of mesoporous silica is reported...
September 21, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940229/patient-participation-in-mental-health-care-perspectives-of-healthcare-professionals-an-integrative-review
#16
REVIEW
Kim Jørgensen, Jacob Dahl Rendtorff
BACKGROUND: In contemporary Western liberal society, patient participation has become a key goal in psychiatric healthcare treatment. Health professionals must encourage patients to play an active and involved part in their treatment. According to Danish health law, patients have the right to participate in their treatment, and the mental health system therefore needs to be reformed in order to ensure that treatment is based on individual, liberal, values. However, patient participation is not clearly defined, and it is therefore a challenge to transfer it to clinical practice...
September 22, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940174/in-vitro-drug-release-after-crushing-evaluation-of-xtampza-%C3%A2-er-and-other-er-opioid-formulations
#17
Stephen P Mayock, Said Saim, Alison B Fleming
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Extended-release (ER) opioids are associated with high rates of abuse. Recreational opioid users often manipulate ER formulations to achieve a high plasma concentration in a short amount of time, resulting in a more rapid and intense high. Patients may also manipulate ER tablets to facilitate swallowing, without recognizing that manipulation could increase release rate. The goal of this study was to assess the ability of oxycodone DETERx (Xtampza(®) ER, Collegium Pharmaceutical, Inc...
September 22, 2017: Clinical Drug Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939883/experimental-evidence-for-short-pulse-laser-heating-of-solid-density-target-to-high-bulk-temperatures
#18
A Soloviev, K Burdonov, S N Chen, A Eremeev, A Korzhimanov, G V Pokrovskiy, T A Pikuz, G Revet, A Sladkov, V Ginzburg, E Khazanov, A Kuzmin, R Osmanov, I Shaikin, A Shaykin, I Yakovlev, S Pikuz, M Starodubtsev, J Fuchs
Heating efficiently solid-density, or even compressed, matter has been a long-sought goal in order to allow investigation of the properties of such state of matter of interest for various domains, e.g. astrophysics. High-power lasers, pinches, and more recently Free-Electron-Lasers (FELs) have been used in this respect. Here we show that by using the high-power, high-contrast "PEARL" laser (Institute of Applied Physics-Russian Academy of Science, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia) delivering 7.5 J in a 60 fs laser pulse, such coupling can be efficiently obtained, resulting in heating of a slab of solid-density Al of 0...
September 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939461/perception-of-employment-by-the-veterans-participating-in-the-national-veterans-wheelchair-games-a-survey-study
#19
William Kim, Leah Lee, Daniel Lans, David Tostenrude, Kenneth Lee
BACKGROUND: Employment in those with disability is an important rehabilitation goal along with achieving some measure of functional independence and at the same time one of the most difficult goals to achieve. The number of people with disabilities participating in adaptive sports has been steadily rising over the years. A few studies have looked at the relationship between physical fitness and employment status in those with disability, but there have been no studies that focused on the results of organized adaptive sports events affecting employment outcome...
September 19, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939446/next-generation-terminology-infrastructure-to-support-interprofessional-care-planning
#20
Sarah Collins, Stephanie Klinkenberg-Ramirez, Kira Tsivkin, Perry L Mar, Dina Iskhakova, Hari Nandigam, Lipika Samal, Roberto A Rocha
OBJECTIVE: Develop a prototype of an interprofessional terminology and information model infrastructure that can enable care planning applications to facilitate patient-centered care, learn care plan linkages and associations, provide decision support, and enable automated, prospective analytics. DESIGN: The study steps included a 3 step approach: 1) Process model and clinical scenario development, and 2) Requirements analysis, and 3) Development and validation of information and terminology models...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
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