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Avian paramyxovirus

Gila Kazimirsky, Wei Jiang, Shimon Slavin, Amotz Ziv-Av, Chaya Brodie
BACKGROUND: Newcastle disease virus (NDV) is an avian paramyxovirus, which selectively exerts oncolytic effects in cancer cells. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been reported to affect tumor growth and deliver anti-tumor agents to experimental glioblastoma (GBM). Here, we explored the effects of NDV-infected MSCs derived from different sources, on glioma cells and glioma stem cells (GSCs) and the mechanisms involved in their effects. METHODS: The glioma cell lines (A172 and U87) and primary GSCs that were generated from GBM tumors were used in this study...
October 10, 2016: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Perumal Arumugam Desingu, Shambhu Dayal Singh, Kuldeep Dhama, Obli Rajendran Vinodhkumar, Rajamani Barathidasan, Yashpal Singh Malik, Rajendra Singh, Raj Kumar Singh
Disease outbreak investigations were carried out in three states of Northern India namely Haryana (Rewari), Uttar Pradesh (Noida) and Delhi, where a total of 110 Indian peafowls (Pavo cristatus) showed sudden onset of nervous signs and died within a period of two weeks during June, 2012. The F (fusion) gene-based RT-PCR detection of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) in affected tissues confirmed the presence of the virus. Three NDV isolates were selected (one from each area under investigation) and further characterized...
October 11, 2016: Avian Pathology: Journal of the W.V.P.A
Muhammad Munir, Muhammad Zubair Shabbir, Sameera Akhtar, Yi Tang, Tahir Yaqub, Arfan Ahmad, Ghulam Mustafa, Muhammad Azhar Alam, Diwakar Santhakumar, Venugopal Nair
Newcastle disease virus (NDV), a prototype avian paramyxovirus type 1 (APMV-1), causes economically devastating disease in avian species around the world. ND is enzootic in Pakistan and recurrent outbreaks are frequent in multiple avian species even after continuous and extensive use of vaccines. A number of APMV-1 and pigeon paramyxovirus serotype 1 (PPMV-1) strains have been isolated and genetically characterized in recent years. However, the impact of recently characterized wild bird-origin APMVs in domestic poultry, and the potency of routinely used vaccines against these novel and genetically diverse viruses remain unknown...
September 29, 2016: Journal of General Virology
Takahiro Hiono, Keita Matsuno, Kotaro Tuchiya, Zhifeng Lin, Masatoshi Okamatsu, Yoshihiro Sakoda
Here, we report the complete genome sequence of the avian paramyxovirus serotype 5 strain APMV-5/budgerigar/Japan/TI/75, which was determined using the Illumina MiSeq platform. The determined sequence shares 97% homology and similar genetic features with the previously known genome sequence of avian paramyxovirus serotype 5 strain APMV-5/budgerigar/Japan/Kunitachi/74.
2016: Genome Announcements
Ivan A Sobolev, Kirill Sharshov, Kseniya Yurchenko, Denis Korneev, Alexandra Glushchenko, Tatyana Alikina, Marsel Kabilov, Yuhai Bi, Wenjun Liu, Natalia Gubanova, Alexander Shestopalov
The complete genome sequence was determined for avian paramyxovirus (APMV-6) serotype 6 strain teal/Chany/455/2009, isolated from a teal (Anas crecca) in Siberia. Siberia is crossed by four major migration flyways and represents the major breeding area for many wild bird species in the Palearctic. Strain teal/Chany/455/2009 is genetically closely related to Kazakh and Chinese strains and belongs to the genetic group of duck/Hong Kong/18/199/77-like APMV-6 viruses. We show that the virus has low pathogenic potential according to genetic markers and animal model experiments...
November 2016: Archives of Virology
Sameera Akhtar, Muhammad Akram Muneer, Khushi Muhammad, Muhammad Yasin Tipu, Masood Rabbani, Aziz Ul-Rahman, Muhammad Zubair Shabbir
BACKGROUND: Knowing the genome characteristics of circulating Newcastle disease viruses [avian paramyxoviruses (APMV-1) and pigeon paramyxoviruses (PPMV-1)] is important to devise appropriate diagnostics and control strategies. APMVs originating from chicken and wildlife in Pakistan are well-elucidated; nevertheless, molecular characterization for the circulating PPMV-1 is largely unknown. FINDINGS: Here, we have performed fusion (F) and hemagglutinin (HN) gene based characterization of PPMV-1 isolated from an outbreak in a pigeon flock...
2016: SpringerPlus
Iryna Goraichuk, Poonam Sharma, Borys Stegniy, Denys Muzyka, Mary J Pantin-Jackwood, Anton Gerilovych, Olexii Solodiankin, Vitaliy Bolotin, Patti J Miller, Kiril M Dimitrov, Claudio L Afonso
Here, we report the complete genome sequence of a virus of a putative new serotype of avian paramyxovirus (APMV). The virus was isolated from a white-fronted goose in Ukraine in 2011 and designated white-fronted goose/Ukraine/Askania-Nova/48-15-02/2011. The genomic characterization of the isolate suggests that it represents the novel avian paramyxovirus group APMV 13.
2016: Genome Announcements
Eiji Yamamoto, Toshihiro Ito, Hiroshi Ito
The nucleotide sequences of nucleocapsid protein (N); phosphoprotein (P); matrix protein (M); hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN); and large polymerase protein (L) genes, 3'-end leader, 5'-end trailer and intergenic regions of the avian paramyxovirus (APMV) strain goose/Shimane/67/2000 (APMV/Shimane67) were determined. Together with previously reported data on fusion protein (F) gene sequence [46], the determination of the genome sequence of APMV/Shimane67 has been completed in this study. The genome of APMV/Shimane67 comprised 16,146 nucleotides in length and contains six genes in the order of 3'-N-P-M-F-HN-L-5'...
July 15, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Shin-Hee Kim, Siba K Samal
Viral vaccine vectors have shown to be effective in inducing a robust immune response against the vaccine antigen. Newcastle disease virus (NDV), an avian paramyxovirus, is a promising vaccine vector against human and veterinary pathogens. Avirulent NDV strains LaSota and B1 have long track records of safety and efficacy. Therefore, use of these strains as vaccine vectors is highly safe in avian and non-avian species. NDV replicates efficiently in the respiratory track of the host and induces strong local and systemic immune responses against the foreign antigen...
2016: Viruses
A Rezaei Far, S M Peighambari, S A Pourbakhsh, A Ashtari, M Soltani
Pigeons are considered as one of the major natural reservoirs in the epidemiology of Newcastle disease (ND). In this study, the partial sequence of F gene of 17 pigeon-origin ND viruses (NDVs) isolated during 2012-2013 in Iran was analysed. Since the studied isolates showed F0 protein cleavage sites compatible with velogenic NDVs, all were considered as virulent NDVs. Two isolates carried 112RRQKRF117 as the cleavage site motif, whereas the rest demonstrated 112KRQKRF117 motif which just recently has been reported among Iranian virulent NDVs...
June 17, 2016: Avian Pathology: Journal of the W.V.P.A
Awad A Shehata, Dorrestein M Gerry, Kristin Heenemann, Mohammed Y Halami, Stanisław Tokarzewski, Peter Wencel, Thomas W Vahlenkamp
Clinical observations and diagnostic procedures carried out to elucidate the cause of high mortality in 2-8-wk-old ornamental ducks (mandarin, wood, falcated, and silver teal ducks) are described. At necropsy, ducklings showed general pallor of skeletal and heart muscles, subcutaneous gelatinous transudates, pericarditis, ascites, and severe edema and hyperemia of lungs. Histopathologic examination revealed that the most important changes were located in the crop, bursa of Fabricius, and lungs with presence of amorphic basic intracytoplasmic inclusions...
June 2016: Avian Diseases
C Gabriel Sentíes-Cué, Rodrigo A Gallardo, Nancy Reimers, Arthur A Bickford, Bruce R Charlton, H L Shivaprasad
Avian encephalomyelitis (AE) was diagnosed in three flocks of leghorn layer pullets following AE vaccination. Ages of the birds were 11, 12, and 14 wk. The submissions came from three different companies located in two geographic areas of the Central Valley of California. The clinical signs included birds down on their legs, unilateral recumbency or sitting on their hocks, lethargy, reluctance to move, dehydration, unevenness in size, low weight, tremors of the head in a few birds, and mildly to moderately elevated mortality...
June 2016: Avian Diseases
Alenka Dovč, Gregor Jereb, Uroš Krapež, Gordana Gregurić-Gračner, Štefan Pintarič, Brigita Slavec, Renata Lindtner Knific, Marjan Kastelic, Pavel Kvapil, Jasna Mićunović, Stanka Vadnjal, Matjaž Ocepek, Marko Zadravec, Olga Zorman-Rojs
Airborne pathogens can cause infections within parrot (Psittaciformes) and pigeon (Columbiformes) holdings and, in the case of zoonoses, can even spread to humans. Air sampling is a useful, noninvasive method which can enhance the common sampling methods for detection of microorganisms in bird flocks. In this study, fecal and air samples were taken from four parrot holdings. Additionally, cloacal and oropharyngeal swabs as well as air samples were taken from 15 racing pigeon holdings. Parrots were examined for psittacine beak and feather disease virus (PBFDV), proventricular dilatation disease virus (PDDV), adenoviruses (AdVs), avian paramyxovirus type-1 (APMV-1), avian influenza virus (AIV), Chlamydia psittaci (CP), and Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC)...
June 2016: Avian Diseases
Kerri Pedersen, David R Marks, Claudio L Afonso, Scott R Stopak, Dawn Williams-Coplin, Kiril M Dimitrov, Patti J Miller, Thomas J DeLiberto
In the US, sampling for avian paramyxovirus serotype-1 (APMV-1) is generally conducted when morbidity or mortality events occur involving certain families of wild birds known to be affected by the virus, such as cormorants (Family Phalacrocoracidae), pigeons, doves (Family Columbidae), or pelicans (Family Pelecanidae). To quantify the prevalence of APMV-1 in apparently healthy wild birds and to determine its geographic distribution, we collected swab and serum samples from >3,500 wild birds, representing eight orders from 1 January 2013 to 30 September 2013...
July 2016: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
Delesa Damena, Alice Fusaro, Melaku Sombo, Redeat Belaineh, Alireza Heidari, Abera Kebede, Menbere Kidane, Hassen Chaka
Newcastle disease (ND), caused by virulent avian paramyxovirus type 1, is one of the most important diseases responsible for devastating outbreaks in poultry flocks in Ethiopia. However, the information about genetic characteristics of the Newcastle disease viruses (NDVs) circulating in commercial chickens and wild birds is scarce. In this study, we characterized isolates obtained from ND suspected outbreaks during 2012-2014 from poultry farms (n = 8) and wild pigeons (n = 4). The NDVs isolated from pathological specimens, through inoculation in embryonated chicken eggs, were characterized biologically by conventional intracerebral pathogenicity indices (ICPI), and genetically on the basis of Phylogenic analysis of partial F-gene sequences (260 bp) encompassing the cleavage site...
2016: SpringerPlus
K Karamendin, A Kydyrmanov, A Seidalina, S Asanova, M Sayatov, E Kasymbekov, E Khan, K Daulbayeva, S M Harrison, I M Carr, S J Goodman, K Zhumatov
A novel avian paramyxovirus was identified during annual viral surveillance of wild bird populations in Kazakhstan in 2013. The virus was isolated from a white fronted goose (Anser albifrons) in northern Kazakhstan. Here, we report the complete genome sequence of the isolate, which we suggest should constitute a novel serotype.
2016: Genome Announcements
D Jochmans, S van Nieuwkoop, S L Smits, J Neyts, R A M Fouchier, B G van den Hoogen
The clinical impact of infections with respiratory viruses belonging to the family Paramyxoviridae argues for the development of antiviral therapies with broad-spectrum activity. Favipiravir (T-705) has demonstrated potent antiviral activity against multiple RNA virus families and is presently in clinical evaluation for the treatment of influenza. Here we demonstrate in vitro activity of T-705 against the paramyxoviruses human metapneumovirus (HMPV), respiratory syncytial virus, human parainfluenza virus, measles virus, Newcastle disease virus, and avian metapneumovirus...
August 2016: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Yu Zhang, Jing Sun, Yongwei Wei, Jianrong Li
Avian metapneumovirus (aMPV), also known as avian pneumovirus or turkey rhinotracheitis virus, is the causative agent of turkey rhinotracheitis and is associated with swollen head syndrome in chickens. aMPV belongs to the family Paramyxoviridae which includes many important human pathogens such as human respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), human metapneumovirus (hMPV), and human parainfluenza virus type 3 (PIV3). The family also includes highly lethal emerging pathogens such as Nipah virus and Hendra virus, as well as agriculturally important viruses such as Newcastle disease virus (NDV)...
2016: Methods in Molecular Biology
S P Cobb, H Smith
Twelve avian diseases are listed by the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), although more than 100 infectious diseases have been described in commercial poultry. This article summarises a recent assessment of the biosecurity risks posed by non-listed avian diseases associated with imports of chilled or frozen chicken meat and meat products into New Zealand. Following the guidelines described in Chapter 2.1 of the OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code, avian adenovirus splenomegaly virus, avian paramyxovirus-2 (APMV-2), Bordetella avium, Mycoplasma spp...
December 2015: Revue Scientifique et Technique
Haixu Xu, Qingqing Song, Jie Zhu, Jiajia Liu, Xin Cheng, Shunlin Hu, Shuang Wu, Xiaoquan Wang, Xiaowen Liu, Xiufan Liu
Pigeon paramyxovirus type 1 (PPMV-1) is considered an antigenic and variant of avian paramyxovirus type 1 (APMV-1) that has adapted to pigeons as hosts. However, how this host-specific adaption of PPMV-1 is related to its biological characteristics is unknown. In this study, seven unique amino acids in PPMV-1 that are not present in other APMV-1 strains (n = 39 versus n = 106) were identified. R36 of the M protein was found to be not only a unique amino acid but also a positive-selection site. To investigate the role of R36 in host adaptation, a recombinant PPMV-1 with R36Q mutation was constructed...
July 2016: Archives of Virology
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