keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Plant based eating

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394304/the-diet-and-haemodialysis-dyad-three-eras-four-open-questions-and-four-paradoxes-a-narrative-review-towards-a-personalized-patient-centered-approach
#1
REVIEW
Giorgina Barbara Piccoli, Maria Rita Moio, Antioco Fois, Andreea Sofronie, Lurlinys Gendrot, Gianfranca Cabiddu, Claudia D'Alessandro, Adamasco Cupisti
The history of dialysis and diet can be viewed as a series of battles waged against potential threats to patients' lives. In the early years of dialysis, potassium was identified as "the killer", and the lists patients were given of forbidden foods included most plant-derived nourishment. As soon as dialysis became more efficient and survival increased, hyperphosphatemia, was identified as the enemy, generating an even longer list of banned aliments. Conversely, the "third era" finds us combating protein-energy wasting...
April 10, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392424/vegetarianism-and-meat-consumption-a-comparison-of-attitudes-and-beliefs-between-vegetarian-semi-vegetarian-and-omnivorous-subjects-in-belgium
#2
Amy Mullee, Leen Vermeire, Barbara Vanaelst, Patrick Mullie, Peter Deriemaeker, Tobias Leenaert, Stefaan De Henauw, Aoibheann Dunne, Marc J Gunter, Peter Clarys, Inge Huybrechts
High levels of meat consumption in Belgium may be contributing to increased risk of non-communicable diseases in this population. The objective of this study is to investigate the attitudes and beliefs about vegetarianism and meat consumption among the Belgian population, ultimately to better understand the motivations underlying these dietary behaviours. This cross-sectional study was initiated in March 2011. A total of 2436 individuals from a representative consumer panel from the Flemish and Brussels communities participated...
April 6, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384980/anti-bacterial-efficacy-of-terminalia-chebula-terminalia-bellirica-embilica-officinalis-and-triphala-on-salivary-streptococcus-mutans-count-a-linear-randomized-cross-over-trial
#3
Smariti Saxena, Nagesh Lakshminarayan, Shanmukha Gudli, Manish Kumar
INTRODUCTION: From the oral health perspective, it is well established that microorganisms have an important role in caries aetiology. From the dawn of civilization, herbal plants have served an array of roles. Triphala a tradtional herbal Ayurvedic formula consists of three native fruits of india including Terminalia Chebula (T. chebula), Terminalia Bellirica (T. bellirica) and Embilica Officinalis (E. officinalis). As per Ayurvedic Formulary of India (AFI) Triphala is prepared by combining a 1:1:1 mixture of ground dry fruits called myrobalans...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350517/anti-inflammatory-diet-in-clinical-practice
#4
Mari Anoushka Ricker, William Christian Haas
Recently, there has been an increase in the research regarding the impact of acute and chronic inflammation on health and disease. Specific foods are now known to exert strong effects on inflammatory pathways within the body. Carefully selecting foods that are anti-inflammatory in nature while avoiding foods that are proinflammatory is central to an anti-inflammatory diet plan. Ultimately, the plan models a pattern of eating that (1) focuses on eating whole, plant-based foods that are rich in healthy fats and phytonutrients and (2) maintains a stable glycemic response...
March 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290287/quantitative-assessment-of-the-impact-of-cross-contamination-during-the-washing-step-of-ready-to-eat-leafy-greens-on-the-risk-of-illness-caused-by-salmonella
#5
Daniele F Maffei, Anderson S Sant'Ana, Bernadette D G M Franco, Donald W Schaffner
The aim of this study was to develop a quantitative microbial risk assessment (QMRA) model to estimate the risk of illness caused by Salmonella in ready-to-eat (RTE) leafy greens, based on common practices in Brazilian processing plants. The risk assessment model considered five modules: in field, washing step, retail storage, home storage and dose-response. Fifty thousand iterations of a @Risk model built in Excel were run for each of sixty scenarios. These scenarios considered different initial pathogen concentrations, fractions of contaminated produce and chlorine concentrations...
February 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282888/which-specialized-metabolites-does-the-native-subantarctic-gastropod-notodiscus-hookeri-extract-from-the-consumption-of-the-lichens-usnea-taylorii-and-pseudocyphellaria-crocata
#6
Alice Gadea, Pierre Le Pogam, Grichka Biver, Joël Boustie, Anne-Cécile Le Lamer, Françoise Le Dévéhat, Maryvonne Charrier
Notodiscus hookeri is the only representative of terrestrial gastropods on Possession Island and exclusively feeds on lichens. The known toxicity of various lichen metabolites to plant-eating invertebrates led us to propose that N. hookeri evolved means to protect itself from their adverse effects. To validate this assumption, the current study focused on the consumption of two lichen species: Usnea taylorii and Pseudocyphellaria crocata. A controlled feeding experiment was designed to understand how the snail copes with the unpalatable and/or toxic compounds produced by these lichen species...
March 8, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272920/genetic-characterization-of-listeria-monocytogenes-isolates-from-industrial-and-retail-ready-to-eat-meat-based-foods-and-their-relationship-with-clinical-strains-from-human-listeriosis-in-portugal
#7
A R Henriques, J Melo Cristino, M J Fraqueza
Listeria monocytogenes isolates (n = 81) recovered from ready-to-eat meat-based food products (RTEMP) collected in industrial processing plants and retail establishments were genetically characterized for comparison with those from human clinical cases of listeriosis (n = 49). The aim was to assess RTEMP as a possible food source for human infection. L. monocytogenes was detected in 12.5% of the RTEMP samples, and in some cases, counts were above the European food safety criteria. All isolates were assessed by multiplex PCR for serogroup determination and detection of virulence-associated genes inlA, inlB, inlC, inlJ, plcA, hlyA, actA, and iap...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239979/beyond-sodium-phosphate-and-potassium-potential-dietary-interventions-in-kidney-disease
#8
EDITORIAL
Jaimon T Kelly, Megan Rossi, David W Johnson, Katrina L Campbell
People with kidney disease are advised to restrict individual nutrients, such as sodium, potassium, and phosphate, in line with current best practice guidelines. However, there is limited evidence to support the efficacy of single nutrient strategies, and compliance remains a challenge for clinicians to overcome. Many factors contribute to poor compliance with dietary prescriptions, including conflicting priorities for single nutrient restriction, the arduous self-monitoring required, and the health-related knock-on effects resulting from targeting these nutrients in isolation...
February 26, 2017: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213015/lettuce-and-fruits-as-a-source-of-multidrug-resistant-acinetobacter-spp
#9
Ana Carvalheira, Joana Silva, Paula Teixeira
The role of ready-to-eat products as a reservoir of pathogenic species of Acinetobacter remains unclear. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the presence of Acinetobacter species in lettuces and fruits marketed in Portugal, and their susceptibility to antimicrobials. Acinetobacter spp. were isolated from 77.9% of the samples and these microorganisms were also found as endophytes (i.e. present within the plant tissue) in 12 of 20 samples of lettuces analysed. Among 253 isolates that were identified as belonging to this genus, 181 presented different PFGE profiles, representing different strains...
June 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140320/alignment-of-healthy-dietary-patterns-and-environmental-sustainability-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Miriam E Nelson, Michael W Hamm, Frank B Hu, Steven A Abrams, Timothy S Griffin
To support food security for current and future generations, there is a need to understand the relation between sustainable diets and the health of a population. In recent years, a number of studies have investigated and compared different dietary patterns to better understand which foods and eating patterns have less of an environmental impact while meeting nutritional needs and promoting health. This systematic review (SR) of population-level dietary patterns and food sustainability extends and updates the SR that was conducted by the 2015 US Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee, an expert committee commissioned by the federal government to inform dietary guidance as it relates to the committee's original conclusions...
November 2016: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073813/association-between-the-healthy-eating-index-2010-and-nutrient-and-energy-densities-of-german-households-food-purchases
#11
Jonas Peltner, Silke Thiele
BACKGROUND: The USDA Healthy Eating Index (HEI) is used widely to measure diet quality because it allows a number of different applications. Although several evaluations of the HEI-2010 have already been carried out, there is lack of those which focus on associations between the HEI and nutrient intakes. This study updates and expands upon previous findings on these associations. METHODS: Using German consumption data, where ∼12 million purchases from 13 131 households are recorded, HEI-2010 total and individual scores, as well as several energy and nutrient densities were calculated...
January 9, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070319/development-of-a-nutrient-dense-complementary-food-using-amaranth-sorghum-grains
#12
Judith Kanensi Okoth, Sophie Atieno Ochola, Nicholas K Gikonyo, Anselimo Makokha
Thin porridge from cereals and starchy tubers is a common complementary food in Sub Saharan Africa. It may be high in antinutrients, low in energy, and nutrient density hence inadequate in providing infants' high energy and nutrients requirements per unit body weight. Consequently, undernourishment levels among children under 5 years are high. Therefore, there is need to avail nutrient-dense complementary foods especially for children in low-resource settings. The study was aimed at developing a nutrient-dense complementary food from amaranth and sorghum grains...
January 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031192/identifying-biomarkers-of-dietary-patterns-by-using-metabolomics
#13
Mary C Playdon, Steven C Moore, Andriy Derkach, Jill Reedy, Amy F Subar, Joshua N Sampson, Demetrius Albanes, Fangyi Gu, Jukka Kontto, Camille Lassale, Linda M Liao, Satu Männistö, Alison M Mondul, Stephanie J Weinstein, Melinda L Irwin, Susan T Mayne, Rachael Stolzenberg-Solomon
BACKGROUND: Healthy dietary patterns that conform to national dietary guidelines are related to lower chronic disease incidence and longer life span. However, the precise mechanisms involved are unclear. Identifying biomarkers of dietary patterns may provide tools to validate diet quality measurement and determine underlying metabolic pathways influenced by diet quality. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the correlation of 4 diet quality indexes [the Healthy Eating Index (HEI) 2010, the Alternate Mediterranean Diet Score (aMED), the WHO Healthy Diet Indicator (HDI), and the Baltic Sea Diet (BSD)] with serum metabolites...
February 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008371/mindful-climate-action-health-and-environmental-co-benefits-from-mindfulness-based-behavioral-training
#14
Bruce Barrett, Maggie Grabow, Cathy Middlecamp, Margaret Mooney, Mary M Checovich, Alexander K Converse, Bob Gillespie, Julia Yates
Greenhouse gases from human activities are causing climate change, creating risks for people around the globe. Behaviors involving transportation, diet, energy use, and purchasing drive greenhouse gas emissions, but are also related to health and well-being, providing opportunity for co-benefits. Replacing shorter automobile trips with walking or cycling, or eating plants rather than animals, for example, may increase personal health, while also reducing environmental impact. Mindfulness-based practices have been shown to enhance a variety of health outcomes, but have not been adapted towards environmental purposes...
October 2016: Sustainability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939720/effects-of-mediterranean-diet-in-patients-with-recurring-colds-and-frequent-complications
#15
F M Calatayud, B Calatayud, J G Gallego, C González-Martín, L F Alguacile
INTRODUCTION: In recent years, traditional diets enriched with fresh plant-based foods have been gradually abandoned, increasing the consumption of animal foods and highly processed food. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of a nutritional intervention with a Traditional Mediterranean Diet in patients with recurring colds (RC) and frequent inflammatory complications (IC). METHODS: Prospective before-after comparison study of 63 girls and 65 boys aged 1-5 years were included over a year in the nutritional programme "Learning to eat from the Mediterranean"...
December 7, 2016: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881201/review-feeding-conserved-forage-to-horses-recent-advances-and-recommendations
#16
P A Harris, A D Ellis, M J Fradinho, A Jansson, V Julliand, N Luthersson, A S Santos, I Vervuert
The horse is a non-ruminant herbivore adapted to eating plant-fibre or forage-based diets. Some horses are stabled for most or the majority of the day with limited or no access to fresh pasture and are fed preserved forage typically as hay or haylage and sometimes silage. This raises questions with respect to the quality and suitability of these preserved forages (considering production, nutritional content, digestibility as well as hygiene) and required quantities. Especially for performance horses, forage is often replaced with energy dense feedstuffs which can result in a reduction in the proportion of the diet that is forage based...
November 24, 2016: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871943/understanding-the-attitudes-and-perceptions-of-vegetarian-and-plant-based-diets-to-shape-future-health-promotion-programs
#17
REVIEW
Tricia Corrin, Andrew Papadopoulos
Vegetarian diets have become a prominent area of interest. However, little research has focused on the attitudes and perceptions on vegetarian diets. The purpose of this scoping review was to methodologically search the literature and summarize public perceptions and attitudes towards a vegetarian diet. Using the information found from this review, the Health Belief Model can be applied to shape future health promotion initiatives to move individuals towards a vegetarian or plant-based diet. The main findings indicate that vegetarian diets are generally perceived in a positive light...
February 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829485/the-impact-of-doubling-dairy-or-plant-based-foods-on-consumption-of-nutrients-of-concern-and-proper-bone-health-for-adolescent-females
#18
Elieke Demmer, Christopher J Cifelli, Jenny A Houchins, Victor L Fulgoni
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of increasing plant-based foods v. dairy foods on energy and nutrients of concern in adolescent females via diet modelling exercises. DESIGN: Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were used to compare nutrient intakes from usual diet with those from three dietary scenarios that increased current intakes by 100 % of the following: (i) plant-based foods; (ii) protein-rich plant-based foods; and (iii) milk, cheese and yoghurt...
November 10, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784776/photosynthesis
#19
REVIEW
Matthew P Johnson
Photosynthesis sustains virtually all life on planet Earth providing the oxygen we breathe and the food we eat; it forms the basis of global food chains and meets the majority of humankind's current energy needs through fossilized photosynthetic fuels. The process of photosynthesis in plants is based on two reactions that are carried out by separate parts of the chloroplast. The light reactions occur in the chloroplast thylakoid membrane and involve the splitting of water into oxygen, protons and electrons...
October 31, 2016: Essays in Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766453/use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-and-breast-cancer-survival-in-the-health-eating-activity-and-lifestyle-study
#20
Marian L Neuhouser, Ashley Wilder Smith, Stephanie M George, James T Gibson, Kathy B Baumgartner, Richard Baumgartner, Catherine Duggan, Leslie Bernstein, Anne McTiernan, Rachel Ballard
PURPOSE: Use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is common among breast cancer patients, but less is known about whether CAM influences breast cancer survival. METHODS: Health Eating, Activity, and Lifestyle (HEAL) Study participants (n = 707) were diagnosed with stage I-IIIA breast cancer. Participants completed a 30-month post-diagnosis interview including questions on CAM use (natural products such as dietary and botanical supplements, alternative health practices, and alternative medical systems), weight, physical activity, and comorbidities...
October 21, 2016: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
keyword
keyword
93481
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"