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Emotional dysregulation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632345/multiple-traumatic-experiences-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-offending-behaviour-in-female-prisoners
#1
Thanos Karatzias, Kevin Power, Caroline Woolston, Prathima Apurva, Amelie Begley, Carol Quinn, Sally Jowett, Ruth Howard, Allister Purdie
BACKGROUND: Although it is well established that prisoners commonly have histories of childhood trauma, little is known about mediators between exposure to trauma and criminal behaviour. HYPOTHESES: We hypothesised that the experience of trauma in adulthood, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and emotional dysregulation would mediate the relationship between childhood traumatic events and later criminal behaviour. METHODS: Eighty-nine female prisoners were interviewed using standardised scales, in a cross-sectional study design...
June 20, 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624866/update-on-psychological-trauma-other-severe-adverse-experiences-and-eating-disorders-state-of-the-research-and-future-research-directions
#2
REVIEW
Kathryn Trottier, Danielle E MacDonald
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This paper provides an updated review of the literature on the relationship between psychological trauma exposure, other severe adverse experiences, and eating disorders. RECENT FINDINGS: Trauma exposure and other severe adverse experiences (e.g., emotional abuse) in both childhood and adulthood are associated with eating disorders. The relationship between traumatic and other adverse experiences and eating disorders appears to be mediated by emotional and behavioral dysregulation, as well as by cognitive factors such as self-criticism...
August 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624698/brief-mindfulness-training-de-couples-the-anxiogenic-effects-of-distress-intolerance-on-reactivity-to-and-recovery-from-stress-among-deprived-smokers
#3
Rotem Paz, Ariel Zvielli, Pavel Goldstein, Amit Bernstein
OBJECTIVE: We tested whether mindfulness de-couples the expected anxiogenic effects of distress intolerance on psychological and physiological reactivity to and recovery from an anxiogenic stressor among participants experimentally sensitized to experience distress. METHOD: N = 104 daily smokers underwent 18-hours of biochemically-verified smoking deprivation. Participants were then randomized to a 7-min analogue mindfulness intervention (present moment attention and awareness training; PMAA) or a cope-as-usual control condition; and subsequently exposed to a 2...
June 2, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622282/towards-a-neurobiological-understanding-of-alexithymia
#4
REVIEW
Nicolás Meza-Concha, Marcelo Arancibia, Felicia Salas, Rosa Behar, Germán Salas, Hernán Silva, Rocío Escobar
Although the specialized literature on the etiology of alexithymia is controversial, neurobiological research has shown relevant advances. The aim of this review is to analyze the available evidence regarding the neurophysiological bases of alexithymia. A comprehensive review of available articles from Medline/PubMed, EBSCO and SciELO was conducted. Previously, alexithymia was linked to a reduced interhemispheric brain connection. From a childhood traumatic perspective, the right prefrontal cortex and the default mode network would experience alterations, first hypermetabolic (dopaminergic and glutamatergic dysregulation) and then hypometabolic-dissociative (serotonergic and opioid dysregulation), resulting in a distorted interoceptive and emotional awareness...
May 29, 2017: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620226/anger-provocation-in-violent-offenders-leads-to-emotion-dysregulation
#5
Franca Tonnaer, Nicolette Siep, Linda van Zutphen, Arnoud Arntz, Maaike Cima
Anger and anger regulation problems that result in aggressive behaviour pose a serious problem for society. In this study we investigated differences in brain responses during anger provocation or anger engagement, as well as anger regulation or distraction from anger, and compared 16 male violent offenders to 18 non-offender controls. During an fMRI adapted provocation and regulation task participants were presented with angry, happy and neutral scenarios. Prior research on violent offenders indicates that a combination of increased limbic activity (involved in emotion), along with decreased prefrontal activity (involved in emotion regulation), is associated with reactive aggression...
June 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617048/developmental-patterns-of-child-emotion-dysregulation-as-predicted-by-serotonin-transporter-genotype-and-parenting
#6
Amanda N Noroña, Irene Tung, Steve S Lee, Jan Blacher, Keith A Crnic, Bruce L Baker
Individual differences in emotion regulation are central to social, academic, occupational, and psychological development, and emotion dysregulation (ED) in childhood is a risk factor for numerous developmental outcomes. The present study aimed to (a) describe the developmental trajectory of ED across early childhood (3-6 years) and (b) examine its sensitivity to youth serotonin transporter genotype, positive and negative parenting behaviors, and their interaction. Participants were 99 families in the Collaborative Family Study, a longitudinal study of children with or without developmental delays...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605267/hoarding-behaviors-and-alcohol-use-the-mediating-role-of-emotion-dysregulation
#7
Amanda M Raines, Jesus Chavarria, Nicholas P Allan, Nicole A Short, Norman B Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Despite recent research establishing high rates of comorbidity between hoarding disorder and alcohol use disorders (AUD), no studies have systemically examined the associations between symptoms of hoarding and alcohol use. Moreover, no studies have explored potential mechanisms that may help to explain these relations. OBJECTIVES: Thus, the current study was designed to examine the associations between hoarding and AUD symptoms, as well as the mediating role of emotion dysregulation...
June 12, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604607/emotional-self-regulation-of-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-smartwatches-for-monitoring-and-interaction
#8
Juan C Torrado, Javier Gomez, Germán Montoro
In this paper, we analyze the needs of individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) to have a pervasive, feasible and non-stigmatizing form of assistance in their emotional self-regulation, in order to ease certain behavioral issues that undermine their mental health throughout their life. We argue the potential of recent widespread wearables, and more specifically smartwatches, to achieve this goal. Then, a smartwatch system that implements a wide range of self-regulation strategies and infers outburst patterns from physiological signals and movement is presented, along with an authoring tool for smartphones that is to be used by caregivers or family members to create and edit these strategies, in an adaptive way...
June 11, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601356/school-readiness-of-maltreated-preschoolers-and-later-school-achievement-the-role-of-emotion-regulation-language-and-context
#9
Carlomagno C Panlilio, Brenda Jones Harden, Jeffrey Harring
Guided by bio-ecological theory, this study aimed to: (1) identify heterogeneity in the developmental patterns of emotion regulation for maltreated preschool-aged children; (2) examine the role of gender, language, placement instability, cognitive stimulation, and emotional support on patterns of stability and change of emotion regulation over time; and (3) elucidate the role of emotion regulation/dysregulation patterns on later academic achievement. This study utilized data from the first cohort of the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being...
June 7, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597509/child-and-adolescent-risk-factors-that-differentially-predict-violent-versus-nonviolent-crime
#10
Carla B Kalvin, Karen L Bierman
While most research on the development of antisocial and criminal behavior has considered nonviolent and violent crime together, some evidence points to differential risk factors for these separate types of crime. The present study explored differential risk for nonviolent and violent crime by investigating the longitudinal associations between three key child risk factors (aggression, emotion dysregulation, and social isolation) and two key adolescent risk factors (parent detachment and deviant peer affiliation) predicting violent and nonviolent crime outcomes in early adulthood...
June 8, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595749/negative-emotional-verbal-memory-biases-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-late-onset-depression
#11
Linda Mah, Nicole D Anderson, Nicolaas Paul L G Verhoeff, Bruce G Pollock
OBJECTIVE: Early and preferential targeting of limbic structures by Alzheimer disease (AD)-related pathology suggests emotion dysregulation may serve as a marker of AD risk. We studied emotional verbal memory in two groups at risk for AD, amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) and late-onset depression (LOD), to test the hypothesis that aMCI and LOD would be characterized by a negative bias in emotional memory, whereas cognitively normal (CN) adults would show the "positivity effect" associated with healthy aging...
May 8, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594448/emotion-dysregulation-as-a-mechanism-linking-anxiety-and-hazardous-drinking-among-latinos-in-primary-care
#12
Daniel J Paulus, Matthew W Gallagher, Andrew H Rogers, Andres G Viana, Monica Garza, Jeanette Valdivieso, Melissa Ochoa-Perez, Chad Lemaire, Jafar Bakhshaie, Michael J Zvolensky
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Research suggests that Latinos experience significantly more mental health and alcohol use problems than non-Latino whites. However, relatively little is known about the mechanisms underlying alcohol use in this population. One factor associated with excessive alcohol use in Latinos is anxiety. A potential explanatory mechanism for this relationship is emotion dysregulation, as emotion dysregulation in the context of anxiety may lead to alcohol use problems/disorders...
June 8, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589968/the-5-httlpr-polymorphism-affects-network-based-functional-connectivity-in-the-visual-limbic-system-in-healthy-adults
#13
Hengyi Cao, Anais Harneit, Henrik Walter, Susanne Erk, Urs Braun, Carolin Moessnang, Lena S Geiger, Zhenxiang Zang, Sebastian Mohnke, Andreas Heinz, Nina Romanczuk-Seiferth, Thomas Mühleisen, Manuel Mattheisen, Stephanie H Witt, Sven Cichon, Markus M Nöthen, Marcella Rietschel, Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg, Heike Tost
The serotonin transporter linked polymorphic region 5-HTTLPR is a key genetic regulator of 5-HTT expression in the human brain where the short allele S has been implicated in emotion dysregulation. However, the neural mechanism underlying the association between this variant and emotion processing is still unclear. Earlier studies suggested an effect of 5-HTTLPR on amygdala activation during emotional face processing. However, this association has been questioned in recent studies employing larger sample sizes and meta-analyses...
June 7, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587900/altered-reactivity-of-central-amygdala-to-gabaar-antagonist-in-the-bachd-rat-model-of-huntington-disease
#14
Charlotte Lamirault, Libo Yu-Taeger, Valérie Doyère, Olaf Riess, Huu Phuc Nguyen, Nicole El Massioui
In Huntington's disease (HD), dysfunctional affective processes emerge as key symptoms of disturbances. In human HD and transgenic rat models of the disease, the amygdala was previously shown to have a reduced volume and to carry a high load of mutant huntingtin (mHTT) aggregates. In search of the pathophysiology of affective dysregulation in HD, we hypothesized a specific role of the central amygdala (CeA), known to be particularly involved in emotional regulation. Using transgenic BACHD rats carrying full-length human mHTT, we compared behavioral consequences of pharmacological modulation of CeA function by infusing GABAA receptor (GABAAR) antagonist picrotoxin into ∼4...
June 3, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585718/emotion-dysregulation-symptoms-and-interpersonal-problems-as-independent-predictors-of-a-broad-range-of-personality-disorders-in-an-outpatient-sample
#15
Giancarlo Dimaggio, Raffaele Popolo, Antonella Montano, Patrizia Velotti, Filippo Perrini, Luisa Buonocore, Carlo Garofalo, Mario D'Aguanno, Giampaolo Salvatore
Emotion dysregulation (ED) is considered a hallmark of borderline personality disorder and is prominent in other personality disorders (PDs). Its presence and contribution to personality pathology need to be explored in the whole range of PDs. In this study, we investigated the association of ED with the whole range of PD traits, symptoms, and interpersonal problems and then investigated whether ED had a unique contribution in predicting the different PDs. A sample of 478 treatment-seeking outpatients was interviewed with the SCID-II...
June 6, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580504/emotion-focused-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-youth-with-anxiety-disorders-a-randomized-trial
#16
Cynthia Suveg, Anna Jones, Molly Davis, Marni L Jacob, Diana Morelen, Kristel Thomassin, Monica Whitehead
Difficulties with emotion regulation are a core feature of anxiety disorders (ADs) in children and adults. Interventions with a specific focus on emotion regulation are gaining empirical support. Yet, no studies to date have compared the relative efficacy of such interventions to existing evidence-based treatments. Such comparisons are necessary to determine whether emotion-focused treatments might be more effective for youth exhibiting broad emotion-regulation difficulties at pretreatment. This study examined an emotion-focused cognitive-behavioral therapy (ECBT) protocol in comparison to traditional cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) in a sample of children with a primary anxiety disorder diagnosis...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579659/emotion-regulation-and-the-transdiagnostic-role-of-repetitive-negative-thinking-in-adolescents-with-social-anxiety-and-depression
#17
David H Klemanski, Joshua Curtiss, Katie A McLaughlin, Susan Nolen-Hoeksema
Social anxiety and depression are common mental health problems among adolescents and are frequently comorbid. Primary aims of this study were to (1) elucidate the nature of individual differences in specific emotion regulation deficits among adolescents with symptoms of social anxiety and depression, and (2) determine whether repetitive negative thinking (RNT) functions as a transdiagnostic factor. A diverse sample of adolescents (N = 1065) completed measures assessing emotion regulation and symptoms of social anxiety and depression...
April 2017: Cognitive Therapy and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578301/diurnal-cortisol-slopes-and-mental-and-physical-health-outcomes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Emma K Adam, Meghan E Quinn, Royette Tavernier, Mollie T McQuillan, Katie A Dahlke, Kirsten E Gilbert
Changes in levels of the stress-sensitive hormone cortisol from morning to evening are referred to as diurnal cortisol slopes. Flatter diurnal cortisol slopes have been proposed as a mediator between chronic psychosocial stress and poor mental and physical health outcomes in past theory and research. Surprisingly, neither a systematic nor a meta-analytic review of associations between diurnal cortisol slopes and health has been conducted to date, despite extensive literature on the topic. The current systematic review and meta-analysis examined associations between diurnal cortisol slopes and physical and mental health outcomes...
May 24, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577590/dialectical-behavior-therapy-group-skills-training-for-bipolar-disorder
#19
Lori Eisner, David Eddie, Rebecca Harley, Michelle Jacobo, Andrew A Nierenberg, Thilo Deckersbach
There is growing evidence that the capacity for emotion regulation is compromised in individuals with bipolar disorder. Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT), an empirically supported treatment that specifically targets emotion dysregulation, may be an effective adjunct treatment for improving emotion regulation and residual mood symptoms in patients with bipolar disorder. In this open, proof-of-concept pilot study, 37 participants engaged in a 12-week DBT group skills training program, learning mindfulness, emotion regulation, and distress tolerance skills...
July 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569537/variation-in-the-serotonin-transporter-polymorphism-5-httlpr-and-inertia-of-negative-and-positive-emotions-in-daily-life
#20
Eeske van Roekel, Maaike Verhagen, Rutger C M E Engels, Peter Kuppens
An important element of understanding the genotype-phenotype link in psychiatric disorders lies in identifying the psychological mechanisms through which genetic variation impacts mental health. Here we examined whether emotional inertia, the tendency for a person's emotions to carry over from 1 moment to the next and a prospective predictor of the development of depression, is associated with a known genetic risk factor for emotional dysregulation, a polymorphism in the serotonin transporter gene (5-HTTLPR)...
June 1, 2017: Emotion
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