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Emotional dysregulation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727140/respiratory-sinus-arrhythmia-in-the-fourth-decade-of-life-depends-on-birth-weight-and-the-drd4-gene-implications-for-understanding-the-development-of-emotion-regulation
#1
Calan Savoy, Karen J Mathewson, Louis A Schmidt, Katherine M Morrison, John E Krzeczkowski, Ryan J Van Lieshout
INTRODUCTION: The long allele of the DRD4 gene can confer different behavioral and emotional phenotypes depending upon environmental exposure, although the physiological changes underlying these phenotypes are not fully known. We sought to extend this work by assessing the interaction of the DRD4 gene and exposure to perinatal adversity (indexed by extremely low birth weight [ELBW]) on resting respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), a neurophysiological measure of emotion regulation, in adulthood...
July 20, 2017: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721740/clinical-features-and-subjective-physiological-responses-to-emotional-stimuli-in-the-presence-of-emotion-dysregulation-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#2
Candan Taskiran, Serkan Karaismailoglu, Halime Tuna Cak Esen, Zeynep Tuzun, Aysen Erdem, Zeynep Dicle Balkanci, Anil Barak Dolgun, Sadriye Ebru Cengel Kultur
INTRODUCTION: Emotion dysregulation (ED) has long been recognized in clinical descriptions of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), but a renewed interest in ED has advanced research on the overlap between the two entities. Autonomic reactivity (AR) is a neurobiological correlate of emotion regulation; however, the association between ADHD and AR remains unclear. Our aim was to explore the clinical differences, AR, and subjective emotional responses to visual emotional stimuli in ADHD children with and without ED...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721394/interhemispheric-disconnectivity-in-the-sensorimotor-network-in-bipolar-disorder-revealed-by-functional-connectivity-and-diffusion-tensor-imaging-analysis
#3
Takuya Ishida, Tomohiro Donishi, Jun Iwatani, Shinichi Yamada, Shun Takahashi, Satoshi Ukai, Kazuhiro Shinosaki, Masaki Terada, Yoshiki Kaneoke
BACKGROUND: Little is known regarding interhemispheric functional connectivity (FC) abnormalities via the corpus callosum in subjects with bipolar disorder (BD), which might be a key pathophysiological basis of emotional processing alterations in BD. METHODS: We performed tract-based spatial statistics (TBSS) using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in 24 healthy control (HC) and 22 BD subjects. Next, we analyzed the neural networks with independent component analysis (ICA) in 32HC and 25 BD subjects using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging...
June 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719083/subtypes-of-personality-and-locus-of-control-in-bariatric-patients-and-their-effect-on-weight-loss-eating-disorder-and-depressive-symptoms-and-quality-of-life
#4
Carolin Peterhänsel, Katja Linde, Birgit Wagner, Arne Dietrich, Anette Kersting
The present study subdivided personality types in a bariatric sample and investigated their impact on weight loss and psychopathology 6 and 12 months after surgery. One hundred thirty participants answered questionnaires on personality (NEO-FFI), 'locus of control' (IPC), depression severity (BDI-II), eating disorder psychopathology (EDE-Q), and health-related quality of life (HRQoL; SF-12). K-means cluster analyses were used to identify subtypes. Two subtypes emerged: an 'emotionally dysregulated/undercontrolled' cluster defined by high neuroticism and external orientation and a 'resilient/high functioning' cluster with the reverse pattern...
July 18, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709022/comparing-brief-interventions-for-suicidal-individuals-not-engaged-in-treatment-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#5
Erin F Ward-Ciesielski, Julia A Tidik, Amanda J Edwards, Marsha M Linehan
BACKGROUND: Non-treatment-engaged individuals experiencing suicidal thoughts have been largely overlooked in the intervention literature, despite reviews suggesting most individuals who die by suicide were not in treatment immediately prior to their death. Most intervention studies recruit individuals from treatment providers, potentially neglecting those individuals who are not already engaged in services. These individuals clearly represent a group in need of additional empirical attention...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708357/-mentalizing-in-liaison-psychiatry
#6
Paco Prada, Pierre Cole, Guido Bondolfi, Nader Perroud, Martin Debbané
In the past few years, there has been an increased and widespread interest for Mentalization-Based Therapies (MBTs). Although originally developed by Anthony Bateman and Peter Fonagy for the treatment of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD), the scope of MBTs has now been broadened and is relevant in liaison psychiatry, not only to cope with personality disorders or phenomena such as emotional dysregulation and suicidal behaviours, but also because being ill and expericencieng a dependency-laden relationship with health workers tend to reduce mentalization capacities, thereby increasing the probability of misunderstandings, conflicts, treatment drop-outs or medical errors...
February 8, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708033/neuropsychological-profile-and-social-cognition-in-congenital-central-hypoventilation-syndrome-cchs-correlation-with-neuroimaging-in-a-clinical-case
#7
Borja Esteso Orduña, Raquel Seijas Gómez, Elena García Esparza, Emily M Briceño, Javier Melero Llorente, María de la Concepción Fournier Del Castillo
INTRODUCTION: Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS) is a rare genetic disorder due to paired-like homeobox gene (PHOX2B) mutations. CCHS patients suffer from dysregulation of the autonomic nervous system characterized by the absence of or extremely reduced response to hypercapnia and hypoxia, with neuropsychological deficits. The aim of this exploratory study is to describe the longitudinal neuropsychological profile and its correlations with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of a child with CCHS with a PHOX2B mutation...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702350/reading-related-white-matter-structures-in-adolescents-are-influenced-more-by-dysregulation-of-emotion-than-behavior
#8
Tzipi Horowitz-Kraus, Scott K Holland, Amelia L Versace, Michele A Bertocci, Genna Bebko, Jorge R C Almeida, Susan B Perlman, Michael J Travis, Mary Kay Gill, Lisa Bonar, Claudiu Schirda, Jeffrey L Sunshine, Boris Birmaher, Gerry Taylor, Vaibhav A Diwadkar, Sarah M Horwitz, David Axelson, Thomas Frazier, Eugene L Arnold, Mary A Fristad, Eric A Youngstrom, Robert L Findling, Mary L Phillips
Mood disorders and behavioral are broad psychiatric diagnostic categories that have different symptoms and neurobiological mechanisms, but share some neurocognitive similarities, one of which is an elevated risk for reading deficit. Our aim was to determine the influence of mood versus behavioral dysregulation on reading ability and neural correlates supporting these skills in youth, using diffusion tensor imaging in 11- to 17-year-old children and youths with mood disorders or behavioral disorders and age-matched healthy controls...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691843/associations-of-borderline-personality-disorder-traits-with-stressful-events-and-emotional-reactivity-in-women-with-bulimia-nervosa
#9
Carolyn M Pearson, Jason M Lavender, Li Cao, Stephen A Wonderlich, Ross D Crosby, Scott G Engel, James E Mitchell, Carol B Peterson, Scott J Crow
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) traits are common among those with bulimia nervosa (BN). However, how these traits impact the state experience of precipitants of BN behavior, such as stressful events and emotional reactivity, has not been determined. Thus, the purpose of this naturalistic study was to examine this trait-state association in BN. Women with DSM-IV BN (N = 133) completed a baseline measure of personality pathology traits, and subsequently recorded their affective state and the frequency and perception of 3 types of stressful events (interpersonal, work/environment, and daily hassles) several times per day for 2 weeks using ecological momentary assessment (EMA)...
July 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691836/the-cost-of-empathy-parent-adolescent-conflict-predicts-emotion-dysregulation-for-highly-empathic-youth
#10
Caspar J Van Lissa, Skyler T Hawk, Hans M Koot, Susan Branje, Wim H J Meeus
Empathy plays a key role in maintaining close relationships and promoting prosocial conflict resolution. However, research has not addressed the potential emotional cost of adolescents' high empathy, particularly when relationships are characterized by more frequent conflict. The present 6-year longitudinal study (N = 467) investigated whether conflict with parents predicted emotion dysregulation more strongly for high-empathy adolescents than for lower-empathy adolescents. Emotion dysregulation was operationalized at both the experiential level, using mood diary data collected for 3 weeks each year, and at the dispositional level, using annual self-report measures...
July 10, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686557/the-biopsychosocial-model-40-years-of-application-in-psychiatry
#11
G Papadimitriou
In 1977, the American pathologist and psychiatrist George Engel (1913-1999) published in the Journal Science his paper "TheIn 1977, the American pathologist and psychiatrist George Engel (1913-1999) published in the Journal Science his paper "Theneed for a new medical model: A challenge for biomedicine", introducing the term Biopsychosocial Model. This model basedon the results of Engel's studies in ulcerative colitis, depression and psychogenic pain, constituted a challenge for biomedicineand the biomedical model...
April 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680693/the-incorporation-of-emotion-regulation-skills-into-couple-and-family-based-treatments-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#12
REVIEW
Deborah A Perlick, Frederic J Sautter, Julia J Becker-Cretu, Danielle Schultz, Savannah C Grier, Alexander V Libin, Manon Maitland Schladen, Shirley M Glynn
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a disabling, potentially chronic disorder that is characterized by re-experience and hyperarousal symptoms as well as the avoidance of trauma-related stimuli. The distress experienced by many veterans of the Vietnam War and their partners prompted a strong interest in developing conjoint interventions that could both alleviate the core symptoms of PTSD and strengthen family bonds. We review the evolution of and evidence base for conjoint PTSD treatments from the Vietnam era through the post-911 era...
2017: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675858/mentalization-in-adults-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-comparison-with-controls-and-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#13
Nader Perroud, Deborah Badoud, Sébastien Weibel, Rosetta Nicastro, Roland Hasler, Anne-Lise Küng, Patrick Luyten, Peter Fonagy, Alexandre Dayer, Jean-Michel Aubry, Paco Prada, Martin Debbané
Emotion dysregulation and interpersonal hardships constitute core features of borderline personality disorder (BPD). Research has established the link between these core dysregulations and fluctuations in the capacity to appreciate the mental states that underlie behavior (mentalizing, operationalized as reflective functioning (RF)). As emotion dysregulation and interpersonal hardships also characterize adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), this study sought to examine the potential RF impairments affecting this population...
June 30, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675115/nicotine-disrupts-safety-learning-by-enhancing-fear-associated-with-a-safety-cue-via-the-dorsal-hippocampus
#14
David A Connor, Munir G Kutlu, Thomas J Gould
Learned safety, a learning process in which a cue becomes associated with the absence of threat, is disrupted in individuals with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). A bi-directional relationship exists between smoking and PTSD and one potential explanation is that nicotine-associated changes in cognition facilitate PTSD emotional dysregulation by disrupting safety associations. Therefore, we investigated whether nicotine would disrupt learned safety by enhancing fear associated with a safety cue. In the present study, C57BL/6 mice were administered acute or chronic nicotine and trained over three days in a differential backward trace conditioning paradigm consisting of five trials of a forward conditioned stimulus (CS)+ (Light) co-terminating with a footshock unconditioned stimulus followed by a backward CS- (Tone) presented 20 s after cessation of the unconditioned stimulus...
July 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654871/the-spatial-accuracy-of-geographic-ecological-momentary-assessment-gema-error-and-bias-due-to-subject-and-environmental-characteristics
#15
Jeremy Mennis, Michael Mason, Andreea Ambrus, Thomas Way, Kevin Henry
BACKGROUND: Geographic ecological momentary assessment (GEMA) combines ecological momentary assessment (EMA) with global positioning systems (GPS) and geographic information systems (GIS). This study evaluates the spatial accuracy of GEMA location data and bias due to subject and environmental data characteristics. METHODS: Using data for 72 subjects enrolled in a study of urban adolescent substance use, we compared the GPS-based location of EMA responses in which the subject indicated they were at home to the geocoded home address...
June 22, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651477/moderators-mediators-and-nonspecific-predictors-of-outcome-after-cognitive-rehabilitation-of-executive-functions-in-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Sveinung Tornås, Jan Stubberud, Anne-Kristin Solbakk, Jonathan Evans, Anne-Kristine Schanke, Marianne Løvstad
Moderators, mediators and nonspecific predictors of treatment after cognitive rehabilitation of executive functions in a randomised controlled trial Objective: To explore moderators, mediators and nonspecific predictors of executive functioning after cognitive rehabilitation in a randomised controlled trial, comparing Goal Management Training (GMT) with an active psycho-educative control-intervention, in patients with chronic acquired brain injury. METHODS: Seventy patients with executive dysfunction were randomly allocated to GMT (n = 33) or control (n = 37)...
June 27, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649302/differential-predictors-of-dsm-5-ptsd-and-icd-11-complex-ptsd-among-african-american-women
#17
Abigail Powers, Negar Fani, Sierra Carter, Dorthie Cross, Marylene Cloitre, Bekh Bradley
Background: Complex posttraumatic stress disorder (CPTSD) is proposed for inclusion in the ICD-11 as a diagnosis distinct from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), reflecting deficits in affective, self-concept, and relational domains. There remains significant controversy over whether CPTSD provides useful diagnostic information beyond PTSD and other comorbid conditions, such as depression or substance use disorders. Objective: The present study examined differences in psychiatric presentation for three groups: traumatized controls, DSM-5 PTSD subjects, and ICD-11 CPTSD subjects...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647675/abstinence-from-prolonged-ethanol-exposure-affects-plasma-corticosterone-glucocorticoid-receptor-signaling-and-stress-related-behaviors
#18
Sucharita S Somkuwar, Leandro F Vendruscolo, McKenzie J Fannon, Brooke E Schmeichel, Tran Bao Nguyen, Jasmin Guevara, Harpreet Sidhu, Candice Contet, Eric P Zorrilla, Chitra D Mandyam
Alcohol dependence is linked to dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. Here, we investigated effects of repeated ethanol intoxication-withdrawal cycles (using chronic intermittent ethanol vapor inhalation; CIE) and abstinence from CIE on peak and nadir plasma corticosterone (CORT) levels. Irritability- and anxiety-like behaviors as well as glucocorticoid receptors (GR) in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) were assessed at various intervals (2h-28d) after cessation of CIE. Results show that peak CORT increased during CIE, transiently decreased during early abstinence (1-11d), and returned to pre-abstinence levels during protracted abstinence (17-27d)...
June 12, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646782/emotional-dysregulation-in-borderline-personality-disorder-and-its-influence-on-communication-behavior-and-feelings-in-romantic-relationships
#19
Annemarie Miano, Luna Grosselli, Stefan Roepke, Isabel Dziobek
Dysfunction in romantic relationships constitutes one of the most burdensome symptoms of borderline personality disorder (BPD). The aim of this study was to ascertain how emotional dysregulation affects behavior and relationship related feelings of women with BPD in threatening conversations with their own romantic partner. Thirty couples in which the women were diagnosed with BPD and 34 healthy control (HC) couples were videotaped while discussing personally threatening (i.e., personal failure) and relationship-threatening (i...
August 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646545/disruptions-in-emotion-regulation-as-a-mechanism-linking-community-violence-exposure-to-adolescent-internalizing-problems
#20
Charlotte Heleniak, Kevin M King, Katie A McLaughlin, Kathryn C Monahan
Although community violence is an established risk factor for youth aggression, less research has examined its relation with internalizing psychopathology. This study examined associations of community violence exposure with internalizing symptoms, and state and trait emotion dysregulation as mechanisms underlying these associations, in 287 adolescents aged 16-17 (45.6% male; 40.8% White). Community violence exposure was associated with internalizing symptoms, negative affect during peer evaluation, trait emotional reactivity, and infrequent problem solving...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
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