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Emotional dysregulation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548624/changes-in-attachment-organization-emotion-dysregulation-and-interpersonal-problems-among-women-in-treatment-for-abuse
#1
Leah Keating, Robert T Muller, Catherine C Classen
OBJECTIVE: Women who have experienced childhood abuse often have interpersonal difficulties. The current study examines whether changes in emotion dysregulation mediate the relationship between changes in attachment patterns and changes in interpersonal problems among women who completed treatment for the sequelae of childhood abuse. METHOD: Participants were 36 women who completed a program targeting the psychological consequences of childhood maltreatment. At pre-and posttreatment, participants completed a projective assessment of adult attachment, and self-report measures of emotion dysregulation and interpersonal problems...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542739/afternoon-cortisol-provides-a-link-between-self-regulated-anger-and-peer-reported-aggression-in-typically-developing-children-in-the-school-context
#2
Eva Oberle, Kaitlyn McLachlan, Nicole L A Catherine, Ursula Brain, Kimberly A Schonert-Reichl, Joanne Weinberg, Tim F Oberlander
Aggression jeopardizes positive development in children and predicts social and academic maladjustment in school. The present study determined the relationships among anger dysregulation (a marker of emotion regulation), cortisol activity (a biomarker of stress), and peer-nominated aggression in typically developing children in their everyday classroom setting (N = 151, Mean age = 10.86, SD =.74). Salivary cortisol was collected at 09:15, 11:45, and 14:45 hr across 4 consecutive days. Children provided self-reports of anger regulation; peers reported proactive and reactive aggressive behaviors...
May 22, 2017: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538174/schizophrenia-related-microdeletion-impairs-emotional-memory-through-microrna-dependent-disruption-of-thalamic-inputs-to-the-amygdala
#3
Tae-Yeon Eom, Ildar T Bayazitov, Kara Anderson, Jing Yu, Stanislav S Zakharenko
Individuals with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS) are at high risk of developing psychiatric diseases such as schizophrenia. Individuals with 22q11DS and schizophrenia are impaired in emotional memory, anticipating, recalling, and assigning a correct context to emotions. The neuronal circuits responsible for these emotional memory deficits are unknown. Here, we show that 22q11DS mouse models have disrupted synaptic transmission at thalamic inputs to the lateral amygdala (thalamo-LA projections). This synaptic deficit is caused by haploinsufficiency of the 22q11DS gene Dgcr8, which is involved in microRNA processing, and is mediated by the increased dopamine receptor Drd2 levels in the thalamus and by reduced probability of glutamate release from thalamic inputs...
May 23, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536961/emotional-clarity-anxiety-sensitivity-and-ptsd-symptoms-among-trauma-exposed-inpatient-adolescents
#4
Andres G Viana, Abigail E Hanna, Emma C Woodward, Elizabeth M Raines, Daniel J Paulus, Erin C Berenz, Michael J Zvolensky
Although several investigations-on primarily adult samples-demonstrate a potential role of emotion dysregulation in the etiology and maintenance of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), investigations into the mechanisms that may underlie these associations in general and among adolescents in particular are lacking. The present study examined associations among emotional clarity (i.e., the extent to which individuals are confused about the specific emotions they are experiencing), (Gratz, Journal of Psychopathology Behavioral Assessment 26(1):41-54, 2004) anxiety sensitivity, and DSM-IV PTSD symptom cluster severity (i...
May 23, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529870/symptom-specific-amygdala-hyperactivity-modulates-motor-control-network-in-conversion-disorder
#5
Thomas Hassa, Alexandra Sebastian, Joachim Liepert, Cornelius Weiller, Roger Schmidt, Oliver Tüscher
Initial historical accounts as well as recent data suggest that emotion processing is dysfunctional in conversion disorder patients and that this alteration may be the pathomechanistic neurocognitive basis for symptoms in conversion disorder. However, to date evidence of direct interaction of altered negative emotion processing with motor control networks in conversion disorder is still lacking. To specifically study the neural correlates of emotion processing interacting with motor networks we used a task combining emotional and sensorimotor stimuli both separately as well as simultaneously during functional magnetic resonance imaging in a well characterized group of 13 conversion disorder patients with functional hemiparesis and 19 demographically matched healthy controls...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527311/challenging-assumptions-from-emotion-dysregulation-psychological-treatments
#6
REVIEW
Andrada D Neacsiu, Megan Smith, Caitlin M Fang
BACKGROUND: Contemporary treatments assume that the inability to downregulate negative emotional arousal is a key problem in the development and maintenance of psychopathology and that lack of effective regulation efforts and a preference to use maladaptive regulation strategies is a primary mechanism. Though ubiquitous, there is limited empirical evidence to support this assumption. Therefore, the aim of the current study was to examine whether self-reported emotion dysregulation equated to difficulties reducing emotional arousal during a behavioral task and to primary use of maladaptive strategies to manage negative emotions...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514792/autonomic-dysregulation-in-burnout-and-depression-evidence-for-the-central-role-of-exhaustion
#7
Magdalena K Kanthak, Tobias Stalder, LaBarron K Hill, Julian F Thayer, Marlene Penz, Clemens Kirschbaum
Objectives Given the important role of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) in stress regulation, astonishingly little is known about ANS functioning in burnout, a condition arising after prolonged exposure to work-related stress. The current study sought to investigate ANS modulation, as indexed by vagally-mediated heart rate variability (HRV), in relation to burnout symptomatology to (i) distinguish associations between the three dimensions of burnout [emotional exhaustion (EE), cynicism, reduced personal accomplishment] and (ii) investigate overlap in associations with depressive symptomatology...
May 18, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503108/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-cyclothymia-the-primacy-of-temperament
#8
REVIEW
Giulio Perugi, Elie Hantouche, Giulia Vannucchi
BACKGROUND: Contrary to DSM-5 definition based on recurrence of low grade hypomanic and depressive symptoms, cyclothymia is better defined in a neurodevelopmental perspective as an exaggeration of cyclothymic temperament. Emotional dysregulation with extreme mood instability and reactivity is the core features of the complex symptomatology. METHOD: In the present article, we critically reviewed the literature on the diagnosis and treatment of cyclothymia, focusing on the temperamental and neurodevelopmental perspectives...
April 2017: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501740/prefrontal-and-amygdala-engagement-during-emotional-reactivity-and-regulation-in-generalized-anxiety-disorder
#9
Jacklynn M Fitzgerald, K Luan Phan, Amy E Kennedy, Stewart A Shankman, Scott A Langenecker, Heide Klumpp
BACKGROUND: Emotion dysregulation is prominent in generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), characterized clinically by exaggerated reactivity to negative stimuli and difficulty in down-regulating this response. Although limited research implicates frontolimbic disturbances in GAD, whether neural aberrations occur during emotional reactivity, regulation, or both is not well understood. METHODS: During functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), 30 individuals with GAD and 30 healthy controls (HC) completed a well-validated explicit emotion regulation task designed to measure emotional reactivity and regulation of reactivity...
May 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493749/maternal-emotion-dysregulation-and-the-functional-organization-of-preschoolers-emotional-expressions-and-regulatory-behaviors
#10
Grace Binion, Maureen Zalewski
Although psychopathology in mothers is known to be a significant risk factor for child outcomes, less is known about how emotion dysregulation, a transdiagnostic feature that cuts across many diagnoses, shapes emotion-related parenting practices and the development of emotion regulation in offspring. Building upon previous research that examined the functional relations between emotions and regulatory actions in children, we sought to examine the association of maternal emotion dysregulation and emotion socialization with these functional links in an at-risk community sample of mother-preschooler (children ages 36-60 months) dyads that oversampled for mothers with elevated symptoms of borderline personality disorder (n = 68)...
May 11, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483271/-mindful-neuropsychology-mindfulness-based-cognitive-remediation
#11
E Bulzacka, S Lavault, A Pelissolo, C Bagnis Isnard
OBJECTIVES: Mindfulness based interventions (MBI) have recently gained much interest in western medicine. MBSR paradigm is based on teaching participants to pay complete attention to the present experience and act nonjudgmentally towards stressful events. During this mental practice the meditator focuses his or her attention on the sensations of the body. While the distractions (mental images, thoughts, emotional or somatic states) arise the participant is taught to acknowledge discursive thoughts and cultivate the state of awareness without immediate reaction...
May 5, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482293/temporal-associations-between-affective-instability-and-dysregulated-eating-behavior-in-bulimia-nervosa
#12
Laura A Berner, Ross D Crosby, Li Cao, Scott G Engel, Jason M Lavender, James E Mitchell, Stephen A Wonderlich
Prior research suggests that the construct of emotional instability may be salient to bulimia nervosa (BN), but no study to date has used ecological momentary assessment (EMA) to examine its temporal association with binge eating and purging. In the current study, 133 women with DSM-IV BN used portable digital devices to provide multiple daily negative affect (NA) and positive affect (PA) ratings and record eating disorder behaviors over 2 weeks. Two state-of-the art indices quantified affective instability: probability of acute change (PAC), which represents the likelihood of extreme affective increases, and mean squared successive difference (MSSD), which represents average change over successive recordings...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480975/emotion-dysregulation-in-alexithymia-startle-reactivity-to-fearful-affective-imagery-and-its-relation-to-heart-rate-variability
#13
Georgia Panayiotou, Elena Constantinou
Alexithymia is associated with deficiencies in recognizing and expressing emotions and impaired emotion regulation, though few studies have verified the latter assertion using objective measures. This study examined startle reflex modulation by fearful imagery and its associations with heart rate variability in alexithymia. Fifty-four adults (27 alexithymic) imagined previously normed fear scripts. Startle responses were assessed during baseline, first exposure, and reexposure. During first exposure, participants, in separate trials, engaged in either shallow or deep emotion processing, giving emphasis on descriptive or affective aspects of imagery, respectively...
May 8, 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480336/longitudinal-relationships-among-activity-in-attention-redirection-neural-circuitry-and-symptom-severity-in-youth
#14
Michele A Bertocci, Genna Bebko, Amanda Dwojak, Satish Iyengar, Cecile D Ladouceur, Jay C Fournier, Amelia Versace, Susan B Perlman, Jorge R C Almeida, Michael J Travis, Mary Kay Gill, Lisa Bonar, Claudiu Schirda, Vaibhav A Diwadkar, Jeffrey L Sunshine, Scott K Holland, Robert A Kowatch, Boris Birmaher, David Axelson, Sarah M Horwitz, Thomas Frazier, L Eugene Arnold, Mary A Fristad, Eric A Youngstrom, Robert L Findling, Mary L Phillips
BACKGROUND: Changes in neural circuitry function may be associated with longitudinal changes in psychiatric symptom severity. Identification of these relationships may aid in elucidating the neural basis of psychiatric symptom evolution over time. We aimed to distinguish these relationships using data from the Longitudinal Assessment of Manic Symptoms (LAMS) cohort. METHODS: Forty-one youth completed two study visits (mean=21.3 months). Elastic-net regression (Multiple response Gaussian family) identified emotional regulation neural circuitry that changed in association with changes in depression, mania, anxiety, affect lability, and positive mood and energy dysregulation, accounting for clinical and demographic variables...
May 2017: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477036/insecure-attachments-and-their-intermingling-transferences
#15
Doris K Silverman
There are least two different but interrelated motivational systems in human beings both of which begin in infancy: the attachment system and the separate, but interacting, psychodynamic system. Each of these systems is the basis of transference. A major focus of the paper is the affect-regulating feature of the attachment system. Infants' emotional states can be well-regulated or dysregulated as they emerge in interactions with their primary caregiver. Aberrant interactions of dysregulation typically lead to the development of insecure or disorganized attachments...
May 5, 2017: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476263/outcomes-of-a-family-based-hiv-prevention-intervention-for-substance-using-juvenile-offenders
#16
Marina Tolou-Shams, Emily Dauria, Selby M Conrad, Kathleen Kemp, Sarah Johnson, Larry K Brown
Approximately 80% of all arrested youth are diverted from detention and supervised in the community through probation, specialty courts and other community-based diversion efforts. Justice-involved youth have greater psychiatric impairment, substance use and sexual risk behaviors than their non-justice-involved peers. Family-based interventions to address mental health, substance use and recidivism have been successful in improving these youth outcomes; but the lack of integration of HIV/STI prevention is notable given the co-occurrence of substance use, delinquency and sexual risk-taking behaviors among justice-involved youth...
June 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467001/challenges-in-conducting-research-on-sexual-violence-and-hiv-and-approaches-to-overcome-them
#17
REVIEW
Annette Aldous, Manya Magnus, Afsoon Roberts, Heather DeVore, Theresa Moriarty, Catherine Hatch Schultz, Maria Zumer, Gary Simon, Mimi Ghosh
Studies have implicated sexual violence as a strong correlate of HIV acquisition in women. Characterizing how such violence affects the female immune system may provide insight into the biological mechanisms of HIV transmission and ultimately improve global HIV prevention strategies. Little research has been carried out in this domain, and the obstacles to investigation can be daunting. Here, we describe methodological challenges encountered and solutions explored while implementing a study of dysregulation of immune biomarkers potentially indicative of increased HIV susceptibility in women following sexual assault...
May 3, 2017: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461477/opposing-roles-of-primate-areas-25-and-32-and-their-putative-rodent-homologs-in-the-regulation-of-negative-emotion
#18
Chloe U Wallis, Rudolf N Cardinal, Laith Alexander, Angela C Roberts, Hannah F Clarke
Disorders of dysregulated negative emotion such as depression and anxiety also feature increased cardiovascular mortality and decreased heart-rate variability (HRV). These disorders are correlated with dysfunction within areas 25 and 32 of the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC), but a causal relationship between dysregulation of these areas and such symptoms has not been demonstrated. Furthermore, cross-species translation is limited by inconsistent findings between rodent fear extinction and human neuroimaging studies of negative emotion...
May 1, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458114/altered-fractional-amplitude-of-low-frequency-fluctuation-in-premenstrual-syndrome-a-resting-state-fmri-study
#19
Hai Liao, Gaoxiong Duan, Peng Liu, Yanfei Liu, Yong Pang, Huimei Liu, Lijun Tang, Jien Tao, Danhong Wen, Shasha Li, Lingyan Liang, Demao Deng
BACKGROUND: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is becoming highly prevalent among female and is characterized by emotional, physical and behavior symptoms. Previous evidence suggested functional dysregulation of female brain was expected to be involved in the etiology of PMS. The aim of present study was to evaluate the alterations of spontaneous brain activity in PMS patients based on functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). METHODS: 20 PMS patients and 21 healthy controls underwent resting-state fMRI scanning during luteal phase...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456054/nightmares-and-nonsuicidal-self-injury-the-mediating-role-of-emotional-dysregulation
#20
Chelsea R Ennis, Nicole A Short, Allison J Moltisanti, Caitlin E Smith, Thomas E Joiner, Jeanette Taylor
INTRODUCTION: Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a transdiagnostic behavior associated with significant psychopathology. Research has shown a positive association between sleep disturbances, (e.g., nightmares and insomnia), and suicidal behavior, however, the relation between NSSI and sleep disturbances has yet to be examined. Sleep disturbances have been found to have a causal role in problems with emotional dysfunction. Specifically, sleep disturbances inhibit the emotion processing function of sleep...
April 18, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
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