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Emotional dysregulation

Trpimir Jakovina, Maja Crnković Batista, Andrea RaŽić Pavičić, Iva Žurić Jakovina, Ivan Begovac
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine whether there is a difference in the dimensions of attachment and difference in emotional regulation between the group of female patients suffering from bulimia nervosa (BN) and the control group. We also wanted to examine whether emotional regulation has a mediating role in the relationship between dimensions of attachment and severity of BN symptoms. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study included a total of 100 female participants from 15 to 25 years of age (M=20...
March 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Katja Bertsch, Karen Hillmann, Sabine C Herpertz
One of the core symptoms of borderline personality disorder (BPD) is emotion dysregulation, which comprises emotion sensitivity, heightened and labile negative affect, deficient appropriate regulation strategies, and a surplus of maladaptive regulation strategies. Although earlier studies provided some evidence for threat hypersensitivity in terms of a negatively biased perception of other people ("negativity bias") and deficits in the recognition of full-blown anger, i.e., higher error rates and slower reaction times, researchers have only recently started studying effects of interindividual differences (e...
March 14, 2018: Psychopathology
Youl-Ri Kim, Jin-Sup Eom, Jennie Leppanen, Monica Leslie, Janet Treasure
BACKGROUND: Bulimia nervosa (BN) is characterized by binge eating and emotional dysregulation including increased negative affectivity (anger, anxiety). The aim of this study was to examine the effect of oxytocin on attentional processes towards anger in patients with BN. METHOD: The study design consisted of a double-blind, placebo-controlled within-subject crossover, single dose experiment. Sixty-four women (31 patients with BN and 33 healthy comparisons) completed self-reported measures to evaluate emotional difficulties and were administered a single dose of intranasal oxytocin (40IU) or placebo followed by a visual probe detection task to examine attentional orienting to angry or happy faces...
March 3, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
Maureen Zalewski, Jennifer K Lewis, Christina Gamache Martin
Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) is an effective treatment for an increasing number of mental disorders. Its increased application to a range of disorders has been prompted by the recognition that DBT targets emotion dysregulation, which is a transdiagnostic feature underlying several forms of psychopathology. More recently, DBT has been used to target additional clinically relevant domains that are outside diagnostically bound categories, such as improving parenting quality as a means of preventing psychopathology in children of parents with psychopathology...
March 1, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychology
Yogev Kivity, Jonathan D Huppert
BACKGROUND: Models of social anxiety emphasize the role of emotion dysregulation, but the nature of these impairments needs clarification. METHODS: We utilized a mixed-method approach to examine impairments in cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression in social anxiety disorder. Forty nine treatment-seeking individuals diagnosed with social anxiety disorder and 35 healthy controls completed self-reports and a lab-based task of suppression and reappraisal...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Katherine C Lopez, Joan L Luby, Andy C Belden, Deanna M Barch
Recent interest has emerged in understanding the neural mechanisms by which deficits in emotion regulation (ER) early in development may relate to later depression. Corticolimbic alterations reported in emotion dysregulation and depression may be one possible link. We examined the relationships between emotion dysregulation in school age, corticolimbic resting-state functional connectivity (rs-FC) in preadolescence, and depressive symptoms in adolescence. Participants were 143 children from a longitudinal preschool onset depression study who completed the Children Sadness Management Scale (CSMS; measuring ER), Child Depression Inventory (CDI-C; measuring depressive symptoms), and two resting-state MRI scans...
March 9, 2018: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
David E Fleck, Jeffrey A Welge, James C Eliassen, Caleb M Adler, Melissa P DelBello, Stephen M Strakowski
BACKGROUND: The neurophysiological substrates of cognition and emotion, as seen with fMRI, are generally explained using modular structures. The present study was designed to probe the modular structure of cognitive-emotional processing in bipolar and healthy individuals using factor analysis and compare the results with current conceptions of the neurophysiology of bipolar disorder. METHODS: Exploratory factor analysis was used to assess patterns of covariation among brain regions-of-interest activated during the Continuous Performance Task with Emotional and Neutral Distractors in healthy and bipolar individuals without a priori constraints on the number or composition of latent factors...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Fernanda Pedrotti Moreira, Carolina David Wiener, Karen Jansen, Luis Valmor Portela, Diogo R Lara, Luciano Dias de Mattos Souza, Ricardo Azevedo da Silva, Jean Pierre Oses
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of childhood trauma in cytokine serum levels of individuals with MDD. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study population-based, with people aged 18 to 35. The Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (M.I.N.I) measured to current major depressive disorder (MDD). To evaluate traumatic experiences during childhood, the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) was applied. Serum TNF- α, IL-6 and IL-10 levels were measured by ELISA using a commercial kit...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Neuroimmunology
Yogev Kivity, Jonathan D Huppert
Recent models of social anxiety disorder emphasise the role of emotion dysregulation; however, the nature of the proposed impairment needs clarification. In a replication and extension framework, four studies (N = 193) examined whether individuals with social anxiety (HSAs) are impaired in using cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression. Self-reports and lab-based tasks of suppression and reappraisal were utilised among individuals with high and low levels of social anxiety. A meta-analysis of these studies indicated that, compared to controls, HSAs reported less frequent and effective use of reappraisal and more frequent and effective use of suppression...
March 7, 2018: Cognition & Emotion
Michael E Authement, Ludovic D Langlois, Ryan D Shepard, Caroline A Browne, Irwin Lucki, Haifa Kassis, Fereshteh S Nugent
Centrally released corticotropin-releasing factor or hormone (extrahypothalamic CRF or CRH) in the brain is involved in the behavioral and emotional responses to stress. The lateral habenula (LHb) is an epithalamic brain region involved in value-based decision-making and stress evasion. Through its inhibition of dopamine-mediated reward circuitry, the increased activity of the LHb is associated with addiction, depression, schizophrenia, and behavioral disorders. We found that extrahypothalamic CRF neurotransmission increased neuronal excitability in the LHb...
March 6, 2018: Science Signaling
Dake Song, Yaping Ge, Zhaodi Chen, Chao Shang, Ying Guo, Taiyun Zhao, Yunfeng Li, Ning Wu, Rui Song, Jin Li
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a complicated psychiatric disorder, which occurs after exposure to a traumatic event. The main clinical manifestation of PTSD includes fear and stress dysregulation. In both animals and humans, dysregulation of dopamine function appears to be related to conditioned fear responses. Previous studies show that the dopamine D3 receptor (D3R) is involved in schizophrenia, autism, and substance use disorders and is related to emotional disorders. However, few studies have investigated the role of the D3R in the pathogenesis and aetiology of PTSD...
March 3, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
Laura M Anderson, Thomas P Chacko
Binge eating disorder, food addiction, and dysregulated overeating are common among people with severe obesity and prevalent among bariatric surgery populations. These problematic eating habits share commonalities with other addictions. Effective, holistic self-management is needed to promote long-term weight loss and psychosocial adjustment among patients who are severely obese who undergo surgery, especially those with clinically remarkable levels of binge eating, food addiction, or dysregulated overeating...
January 2018: Journal of Addictions Nursing
Neal E Winblad, Michael Changaris, Phyllis K Stein
Background: Individuals who treat trauma are at significant risk of vicarious traumatization and burnout. Somatic Experiencing® (SE®) is a resiliency-focused trauma treatment modality designed to address autonomic nervous system (ANS) dysregulation and its impacted physical health and mental health symptoms e.g., anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, migraines, fibromyalgia, and chronic fatigue, etc. The SE® training supports the development of clinical skills to reduce physical health/mental health symptoms as well as increase clinician resilience...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Phoenix K H Mo, Virginia W Y Chan, Samuel W Chan, Joseph T F Lau
INTRODUCTION: Internet addiction is prevalent among adolescents and is associated with various negative outcomes. Relatively few studies examined the role of emotion dysregulation and social support on Internet addiction in this population. The present examined the association between emotion dysregulation, social support, and Internet addiction among junior secondary school students in Hong Kong. The mediating role of emotion dysregulation and Internet use on the relationship between social support and Internet addiction and the gender difference in such association were also tested...
January 31, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
Lauren Harris, Iwona Chelminski, Kristy Dalrymple, Theresa Morgan, Mark Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: Suicidal behavior has been associated with maladaptive strategies for emotion regulation; however, limited research has explored this association after controlling for diagnosis. This study aims to explore this connection across diagnoses. We hypothesized that patients who reported greater difficulty with emotion regulation would be more likely to have made suicide attempts. METHOD: Participants included 1046 psychiatric outpatients. Diagnoses and information about suicide history were determined using semi-structured interviews...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Chelsey R Wilks, Anita Lungu, Sin Yee Ang, Brandon Matsumiya, Qingqing Yin, Marsha M Linehan
BACKGROUND: Given that alcohol misuse elevates risk of suicide death among ideators, the paucity of treatment outcome research for individuals presenting with both suicide ideation and problem drinking is particularly troubling. Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) skills training, which effectively targets behaviors associated with emotion dysregulation including addictive and suicidal behaviors, provides a fitting model amenable to computerization. As stigma and scarcity stand as potential barriers to treatment, online dissemination platforms provide means for efficient treatment delivery that can augment the utility of suitable interventions...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Gadi Lissak
A growing body of literature is associating excessive and addictive use of digital media with physical, psychological, social and neurological adverse consequences. Research is focusing more on mobile devices use, and studies suggest that duration, content, after-dark-use, media type and the number of devices are key components determining screen time effects. Physical health effects: excessive screen time is associated with poor sleep and risk factors for cardiovascular diseases such as high blood pressure, obesity, low HDL cholesterol, poor stress regulation (high sympathetic arousal and cortisol dysregulation), and Insulin Resistance...
February 27, 2018: Environmental Research
Manuela Gander, Cathrin Schiestl, Rainer Dahlbender, Joram Ronel, Anna Buchheim
The present study investigated differences in various aspects of facial behavior among female patients with complicated grief (CG; n = 18) and healthy controls (n = 18) during the assessment of their attachment representation using the Adult Attachment Projective Picture System. All patients were classified with an unresolved attachment status. On a behavioral level, they demonstrated longer gazing behavior away from the interviewer and the picture stimuli, more speech pauses, less smiling toward the interviewer, and more crying, especially in response to stimuli portraying the theme of loss...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Rina Ando, Hirotaka Iwaki, Tomoaki Tsujii, Masahiro Nagai, Noriko Nishikawa, Hayato Yabe, Ikuko Aiba, Kazuko Hasegawa, Yoshio Tsuboi, Masashi Aoki, Kenji Nakashima, Masahiro Nomoto
Objective We conducted a study to obtain information that could be used to provide Parkinson's disease (PD) patients with appropriate advice on safe driving. Methods Consecutive PD patients who visited our office were studied. Among these patients, those who had experienced driving after being diagnosed with PD were interviewed by neurologists and a trained nurse to investigate their previous car accidents, motor function, cognitive function, sleepiness, levodopa equivalent dose (LED), and emotional dysregulation...
February 28, 2018: Internal Medicine
Yan Li, Galen Missig, Beate C Finger, Samantha M Landino, Abigail J Alexander, Emery Mokler, James Robbins, Yunona Manasian, Woori Kim, Kwang-Soo Kim, Christopher J McDougle, William A Carlezon, Vadim Y Bolshakov
Inflammatory processes may be involved in the pathophysiology of neuropsychiatric illnesses including Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Evidence from studies in rodents indicates that immune activation during early development can produce core features of ASD (social interaction deficits, dysregulation of communication, increases in stereotyped behaviors and anxiety), although the neural mechanisms of these effects are not thoroughly understood. We treated timed-pregnant mice with polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid (Poly I:C), which simulates a viral infection, or vehicle on gestational day 12...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
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