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Emotional dysregulation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219675/tcf7l2-plays-crucial-roles-in-forebrain-development-through-regulation-of-thalamic-and-habenular-neuron-identity-and-connectivity
#1
Myungsin Lee, Jiyeon Yoon, Hobeom Song, Bumwhee Lee, Lam Tri Duc, Jaeseung Yoon, Kwanghee Baek, Hans Clevers, Yongsu Jeong
The thalamus acts as a central integrator for processing and relaying sensory and motor information to and from the cerebral cortex, and the habenula plays pivotal roles in emotive decision making by modulating dopaminergic and serotonergic circuits. These neural compartments are derived from a common developmental progenitor domain, called prosomere 2, in the caudal forebrain. Thalamic and habenular neurons exhibit distinct molecular profile, neurochemical identity, and axonal circuitry. However, the mechanisms of how their progenitors in prosomere 2 give rise to these two populations of neurons and contribute to the forebrain circuitry remains unclear...
February 17, 2017: Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218788/case-report-dysregulation-of-gene-expression-in-a-patient-with-depressive-disorder-after-transient-ischemic-attack-confirmed-by-a-neurophysiological-neuromarker
#2
M Trystuła, M Żychowska, M Wilk-Frańczuk, J D Kropotov, M Pąchalska
The aim of this study was to evaluate dysregulation of gene expression associated with the cellular stress response in a patient with a post-"warning stroke" depressive disorder confirmed by the presence of a neurophysiological neuromarker through the use of quantitative EEG and event-related potentials. The patient was tested for seven genes associated with the stress reaction: HSPA1A, HSPB1, IL6, IL10, CRP, and HSF-1 along with NF-κB, compared to gene expression in health controls. A 54-year-old patient with a past history of schizophrenia (at the age of 20), and of transient ischemic attack (at the age of 53) and depressive disorder confirmed by functional, cognitive, emotional, and affectional diagnostics underwent additional testing for expression of the genes associated with stress response...
February 16, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215272/sleep-related-cognitive-processes-arousal-and-emotion-dysregulation-in-insomnia-disorder-the-role-of-insomnia-specific-rumination
#3
Laura Palagini, Umberto Moretto, Liliana Dell'Osso, Colleen Carney
OBJECTIVE: Insomnia-specific rumination has presented in subjects with insomnia. Research has identified hyperarousal as a key factor, with both trait and state components. It has been shown that emotion dysregulation also plays a role in insomnia. Hence, the aim was to investigate how insomnia rumination is associated with both trait- and state-dependent arousal and emotion dysregulation in insomnia. METHODS: Sixty-eight subjects with insomnia disorder (DSM-5) and 36 good sleepers were evaluated using: Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), Daytime Insomnia Symptom Response Scale (DISRS), Arousal Predisposition Scale (APS), Pre-sleep Arousal Scale (PSAS), and Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS)...
February 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206807/accounting-for-the-association-between-bpd-features-and-chronic-pain-complaints-in-a-pain-patient-sample-the-role-of-emotion-dysregulation-factors
#4
Caleb J Reynolds, Ryan W Carpenter, Sarah L Tragesser
Although borderline personality disorder (BPD) features consistently show strong relations with chronic pain, the mechanisms underlying this association remain unclear. BPD is characterized by dysregulated emotion. Given previously observed relationships between emotion dysregulation and pain, we hypothesized that components of this dysregulation-elevated and labile negative affect and emotion sensitivity-would account for the relationship between BPD features and various pain complaints in a chronic pain patient sample...
February 16, 2017: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196341/suppressing-the-endocrine-and-autonomic-stress-systems-does-not-impact-the-emotional-stress-experience-after-psychosocial-stress
#5
Nida Ali, Jonas P Nitschke, Cory Cooperman, Jens C Pruessner
Acute psychosocial stress activates the physiological and endocrine stress systems and increases the subjective emotional experience of stress. While considerable efforts have been made to link changes in the activity of the biological stress systems with changes in the subjective emotional experience of stress, results so far have been mixed, at best. To investigate this association in a study employing experimental manipulation, we pharmacologically suppressed both the autonomic and the endocrine stress responses, and investigated the effects of acute psychosocial stress on the emotional stress experience...
January 28, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194549/reconsidering-emotion-dysregulation
#6
REVIEW
Alessandra D'Agostino, Serena Covanti, Mario Rossi Monti, Vladan Starcevic
This article aims to review the concept of emotion dysregulation, focusing on issues related to its definition, meanings and role in psychiatric disorders. Articles on emotion dysregulation published until May 2016 were identified through electronic database searches. Although there is no agreement about the definition of emotion dysregulation, the following five overlapping, not mutually exclusive dimensions of emotion dysregulation were identified: decreased emotional awareness, inadequate emotional reactivity, intense experience and expression of emotions, emotional rigidity and cognitive reappraisal difficulty...
February 14, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192169/the-serotonin-transporter-polymorphism-5-httlpr-and-coping-strategies-influence-successful-emotion-regulation-in-an-acute-stress-situation-physiological-evidence
#7
Thomas Plieger, Martin Melchers, Annabel Vetterlein, Janina Görtz, Sarah Kuhn, Melissa Ruppel, Martin Reuter
INTRODUCTION: Emotion regulation is an important everyday-life skill to reduce harm and stress. Consequently, research shows associations between psychopathologies and emotional dysregulation. The serotonin transporter polymorphism (5-HTTLPR) has repeatedly been associated to phenotypes and syndromes related to emotional dysregulation. However, there is no study showing any direct effects of 5-HTTLPR genotype and emotion regulation. Hence, the aim of the present study was to draw a link between 5-HTTLPR to emotion regulation...
February 9, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184315/mental-capacity-and-borderline-personality-disorder
#8
Karyn Ayre, Gareth S Owen, Paul Moran
The use of the Mental Capacity Act 2005 in assessing decision-making capacity in patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) is inconsistent. We believe this may stem from persisting confusion regarding the nosological status of personality disorder and also a failure to recognise the fact that emotional dysregulation and characteristic psychodynamic abnormalities may cause substantial difficulties in using and weighing information. Clearer consensus on these issues is required in order to provide consistent patient care and reduce uncertainty for clinicians in what are often emergency and high-stakes clinical scenarios...
February 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183086/emotional-dysregulation-in-psychogenic-voice-loss
#9
Franny B Spengler, Benjamin Becker, Keith M Kendrick, Rupert Conrad, René Hurlemann, Goetz Schade
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182450/in-risky-environments-emotional-children-have-more-behavioral-problems-but-lower-allostatic-load
#10
Nadya Dich, Stacey N Doan, Gary W Evans
OBJECTIVE: Developmental models of temperament by environment interactions predict that children's negative emotionality exacerbates the detrimental effects of risky environments, increasing the risk for pathology. However, negative emotions may have an adaptive function. Accordingly, the present study explores an alternative hypothesis that in the context of high adversity, negative emotionality may be a manifestation of an adaptive coping style and thus be protective against the harmful effects of a stressful environment...
February 9, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179626/hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis-dysregulation-and-double-product-increases-potentiate-ischemic-heart-disease-risk-in-a-black-male-cohort-the-sabpa-study
#11
Leoné Malan, Christiaan E Schutte, Ala'a Alkerwi, Saverio Stranges, Nicolaas T Malan
Emotional distress has been associated with a poorer prognosis in myocardial infarction patients. Elevated adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH), lower cortisol, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) and cortisol:DHEAS, as measures of emotional distress, might correlate with silent myocardial ischemia (SMI) and workload. Thus, we assessed the relationship between emotional distress, SMI and double product (systolic blood pressure (SBP) × heart rate). Cross-sectional South African biethnic single-set cohorts (N=378), aged 44...
February 9, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176328/reports-of-adolescent-emotion-regulation-and-school-engagement-mediating-the-relation-between-parenting-and-adolescent-functioning-in-india
#12
Vaishali V Raval, Rose M Ward, Pratiksha H Raval, Shwetang S Trivedi
Much like other parts of Asia, late adolescence in India is a particularly stressful time with academic pressures of a highly competitive examination system that determines future occupational success. The present study examined interrelations among reports of parenting, adolescents' regulation of academics-related emotions, school engagement, adolescent socio-emotional functioning and state-exam performance. Four hundred and fifty 10th and 12th graders from suburban high schools in India participated, along with their mothers...
February 7, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168608/barriers-facilitators-and-benefits-of-implementation-of-dialectical-behavior-therapy-in-routine-care-results-from-a-national-program-evaluation-survey-in-the-veterans-health-administration
#13
Sara J Landes, Allison L Rodriguez, Brandy N Smith, Monica M Matthieu, Lindsay R Trent, Janet Kemp, Caitlin Thompson
National implementation of evidence-based psychotherapies (EBPs) in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) provides important lessons on the barriers and facilitators to implementation in a large healthcare system. Little is known about barriers and facilitators to the implementation of a complex EBP for emotional and behavioral dysregulation-dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT). The purpose of this study was to understand VHA clinicians' experiences with barriers, facilitators, and benefits from implementing DBT into routine care...
February 6, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165888/voxel-based-morphometry-of-disgust-sensitivity
#14
Albert Wabnegger, Sonja Übel, Anne Schienle
BACKGROUND: Difficulties with the regulation of negative affect have been extensively studied in neuroimaging research. However, dysregulation of a specific emotion, disgust, has hardly been investigated. In the present study, we used voxel-based morphometry to identify whether gray matter volume (GMV) of frontal regions is correlated with personality traits associated with general and disgust-specific emotion regulation difficulties. METHOD: We analyzed T1-weighted images of 49 females (mean age = 22...
February 6, 2017: Social Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161453/rhythms-dysregulation-a-new-perspective-for-understanding-ptsd
#15
Jacques Dayan, Géraldine Rauchs, Bérengère Guillery-Girard
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a complex syndrome that may occur after exposure to one or more traumatic events. It associates physiological, emotional, and cognitive changes Brain and hormonal modifications contribute to some impairments in learning, memory, and emotion regulation. Some of these biological dysfunctions may be analyzed in terms of rhythms dysregulation that would be expressed through endocrine rhythmicity, sleep organization, and temporal synchrony in brain activity. In the first part of this article, we report studies on endocrine rhythmicity revealing that some rhythms abnormalities are frequently observed, although not constantly, for both cortisol and sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Physiology, Paris
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158800/neural-correlates-and-structural-markers-of-emotion-dysregulation-in-traumatized-civilians
#16
Abigail Powers, Jennifer S Stevens, Sanne J H van Rooij, Timothy D Ely, Negar Fani, Tanja Jovanovic, Kerry J Ressler, Bekh Bradley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152466/aggressive-behavior-and-self-harm-in-borderline-personality-disorder-the-role-of-impulsivity-and-emotion-dysregulation-in-a-sample-of-outpatients
#17
Laura Terzi, Francesca Martino, Domenico Berardi, Biancamaria Bortolotti, Anna Sasdelli, Marco Menchetti
Impulsivity has often been related to aggressive and self-mutilative behavior in Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD). Many authors focused on the key role of emotion dysregulation in explaining vulnerability to dysfunctional behavior in BPD in addition to trait impulsivity. Furthermore, recent works have shed light on a gap in empirical research concerning the specific mechanisms by which a lack of affective regulation produces aggression proneness. The purpose of the study was to investigate the role of impulsivity and emotion dysregulation in determining vulnerability to aggression and deliberate self-harm in a sample of BPD outpatients...
January 20, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141718/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-behavior-regulation-and-virtual-school-support
#18
Claire Wallace, Carolyn E Ievers-Landis, Catherine Scherer, Nancy Roizen, Marilyn Augustyn
Tony is a 6-year-old multiracial boy diagnosed as having attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder-combined type who is followed in your primary care practice and has started on a stimulant medication. Tony continues to have difficulty with emotion regulation and impulse control both at home and at school. He was asked to leave his private school soon after beginning first grade because of physical fighting, emotional outbursts, and arguing with teachers.His mother made the decision to enroll Tony in online virtual schooling for the remainder of the academic year, with the plan to transition back to traditional school for the next academic year...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138979/an-evaluation-of-the-use-and-efficacy-of-a-sensory-room-within-an-adolescent-psychiatric-inpatient-unit
#19
Monique West, Glenn Melvin, Francis McNamara, Michael Gordon
BACKGROUND/AIM: The introduction of sensory rooms within acute psychiatric settings provides a therapeutic space that promotes emotional self-regulation and reduces distress and disruptive behaviours. The current research investigated the clinical benefit of a sensory room within an adolescent psychiatric unit. It examined whether guided sensory room use can reduce distress for adolescents and identified characteristics of sensory room users. Seclusion rates 12 months pre- and post-sensory room introduction were compared...
January 31, 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138388/mental-illness-and-violent-behavior-the-role-of-dissociation
#20
Aliya R Webermann, Bethany L Brand
BACKGROUND: The role of mental illness in violent crime is elusive, and there are harmful stereotypes that mentally ill people are frequently violent criminals. Studies find greater psychopathology among violent offenders, especially convicted homicide offenders, and higher rates of violence perpetration and victimization among those with mental illness. Emotion dysregulation may be one way in which mental illness contributes to violent and/or criminal behavior. Although there are many stereotyped portrayals of individuals with dissociative disorders (DDs) being violent, the link between DDs and crime is rarely researched...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
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