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Emotional dysregulation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921526/parsing-heterogeneity-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-using-eeg-based-subgroups
#1
Sandra K Loo, James J McGough, James T McCracken, Susan L Smalley
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a heterogeneous condition for which multiple efforts to characterize brain state differences are underway. The objective of this study was to identify distinct subgroups of resting electroencephalography (EEG) profiles among children with and without ADHD and subsequently provide extensive clinical characterization of the subgroups. METHODS: Latent class analysis was used with resting state EEG recorded from a large sample of 781 children with and without ADHD (N = 620 ADHD, N = 161 Control), aged 6-18 years old...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919804/morningness-eveningness-and-emotion-dysregulation-incremental-validity-in-predicting-social-anxiety-dimensions
#2
Esfandiar Azad-Marzabadi, Sohrab Amiri
This study investigates the usefulness of morningness-eveningness and emotion dysregulation for better understanding of social anxiety dimensions. Specifically, associations between morningness-eveningness and incremental validity of emotion dysregulation as a predictor of social anxiety were examined. Data were obtained from a sample of normal students (N=510). Results of regression analyses showed that morningness was a significant predictor of social anxiety variables. Dimensions of emotion dysregulation had multiple associations with facets from social anxiety...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919554/revisiting-the-wandering-womb-oxytocin-in-endometriosis-and-bipolar-disorder
#3
REVIEW
Natalie L Dinsdale, Bernard J Crespi
Hippocrates attributed women's high emotionality - hysteria - to a 'wandering womb'. Although hysteria diagnoses were abandoned along with the notion that displaced wombs cause emotional disturbance, recent research suggests that elevated levels of oxytocin occur in both bipolar disorder and endometriosis, a gynecological condition involving migration of endometrial tissue beyond the uterus. We propose and evaluate the hypothesis that elevated oxytocinergic system activity jointly contributes to bipolar disorder and endometriosis...
September 14, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919156/chronic-low-back-pain-and-the-transdiagnostic-process-how-do-cognitive-and-emotional-dysregulations-contribute-to-the-intensity-of-risk-factors-and-pain
#4
M Le Borgne, A H Boudoukha, A Petit, Y Roquelaure
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Based on a transdiagnostic approach, this study assesses the impact of cognitive and emotional processes (difficulties in emotional regulation, impulsiveness, rumination and somatosensory amplification) on the psychological risk factors of chronic low-back pain. METHODS: The study was carried out with 256 patients with chronic low-back pain. All the variables were assessed through a booklet of 10 validated questionnaires. Multiple regression analysis and moderation analysis were performed...
September 11, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911803/sensory-overload-and-imbalance-resting-state-vestibular-connectivity-in-ptsd-and-its-dissociative-subtype
#5
Sherain Harricharan, Andrew A Nicholson, Maria Densmore, Jean Théberge, Margaret C McKinnon, Richard W J Neufeld, Ruth A Lanius
BACKGROUND: The vestibular system integrates multisensory information to monitor one's bodily orientation in space, and is influenced by interoceptive awareness. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) involves typically alterations in interoceptive and bodily self-awareness evidenced by symptoms of hyperarousal, as well as of emotional detachment, including emotional numbing, depersonalization, and derealization. These alterations may disrupt vestibular multisensory integration between the brainstem (vestibular nuclei) and key vestibular cortical regions (parieto-insular vestibular cortex, prefrontal cortex)...
September 11, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899532/the-association-between-disruptive-mood-dysregulation-disorder-symptoms-and-sleep-problems-in-children-with-and-without-adhd
#6
James G Waxmonsky, Susan D Mayes, Susan L Calhoun, Julio Fernandez-Mendoza, Daniel A Waschbusch, Brianna H Bendixsen, Edward O Bixler
BACKGROUND: Many youth experience persistent irritability and recurrent temper outbursts, conceptualized by DSM-5 as Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder (DMDD). Sleep deprivation impairs emotion regulation which could increase rates of DMDD symptoms, especially in those with preexisting regulatory impairments, as seen with ADHD. However, there has been little examination of the relationship between chronic sleep problems and DMDD symptoms. METHODS: Associations between DMDD symptoms and sleep parameters in children were assessed using parent-report and objective measures of sleep in a general population sample (N = 665) and an ADHD sample (N = 784)...
September 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899446/affective-and-emotional-dysregulation-as-pre-dementia-risk-markers-exploring-the-mild-behavioral-impairment-symptoms-of-depression-anxiety-irritability-and-euphoria
#7
Zahinoor Ismail, Jennifer Gatchel, Daniel R Bateman, Ricardo Barcelos-Ferreira, Marc Chantillon, Judith Jaeger, Nancy J Donovan, Moyra E Mortby
BACKGROUND: Affective and emotional symptoms such as depression, anxiety, euphoria, and irritability are common neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) in pre-dementia and cognitively normal older adults. They comprise a domain of Mild Behavioral Impairment (MBI), which describes their emergence in later life as an at-risk state for cognitive decline and dementia, and as a potential manifestation of prodromal dementia. This selective scoping review explores the epidemiology and neurobiological links between affective and emotional symptoms, and incident cognitive decline, focusing on recent literature in this expanding field of research...
September 13, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893219/a-case-of-a-four-year-old-child-adopted-at-eight-months-with-unusual-mood-patterns-and-significant-polypharmacy
#8
Magdalena Romanowicz, Alastair J McKean, Jennifer Vande Voort
BACKGROUND: Long-term effects of neglect in early life are still widely unknown. Diversity of outcomes can be explained by differences in genetic risk, epigenetics, prenatal factors, exposure to stress and/or substances, and parent-child interactions. Very common sub-threshold presentations of children with history of early trauma are challenging not only to diagnose but also in treatment. CASE PRESENTATION: A Caucasian 4-year-old, adopted at 8 months, male patient with early history of neglect presented to pediatrician with symptoms of behavioral dyscontrol, emotional dysregulation, anxiety, hyperactivity and inattention, obsessions with food, and attachment issues...
September 11, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892598/helping-mothers-with-the-emotional-dysregulation-of-borderline-personality-disorder-and-their-infants-in-primary-care-settings
#9
Anne Sved Williams, Gisele Apter
BACKGROUND: Six per cent of patients who present to primary care have borderline personality disorder (BPD). Mothers with full or partial features of BPD, often undiagnosed and perhaps previously functioning adequately enough on the surface, may rapidly be-come emotionally dysregulated by the normal needs of an infant. Family and maternal functioning can rapidly destabilise. Management of patients with BPD in primary care may be challenging. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this article are to provide primary care practitioners with relevant information on current knowledge of BPD and its management when mothers with BPD are caregivers to an infant...
September 2017: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889062/affective-dysregulation-predicts-incident-nonmedical-prescription-analgesic-use-among-college-students
#10
Christine K Morioka, Donna E Howard, Kimberly M Caldeira, Min Qi Wang, Amelia M Arria
INTRODUCTION: This study investigated the relationship between four suspected risk factors-affective dysregulation, conduct problems, depressive symptoms, and psychological distress-and incident nonmedical prescription analgesic (NPA) use among college students. METHODS: The sample was derived from 929 college students from a large, mid-Atlantic university who completed the third annual College Life Study assessment (Y3) and were NPA use naïve at baseline (Y1)...
September 1, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882157/symptom-management-in-complex-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-icd-11-view-and-experience-of-patients-and-their-relatives-a-mixed-methods-approach-research-proposal
#11
Manuel P Stadtmann, Andreas Maercker, Jochen Binder, Wilfried Schnepp
OBJECTIVE: Using the framework of IDC-11, complex post-traumatic stress disorder will be diagnosed using the core criteria of a post-traumatic stress disorder and the presence of at least one symptom from the following three domains: symptoms of emotional dysregulation, negative self-concept, and problems in interpersonal relationships. In the literature, these symptoms are discussed as a common reason for seeking treatment. The symptoms can influence and impair the quality of life. This article describes a mixed methods study with a sequential exploratory design...
September 7, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879461/perinatal-exposure-to-the-cyanotoxin-%C3%AE-n-m%C3%A3-thylamino-l-alanine-bmaa-results-in-long-lasting-behavioral-changes-in-offspring-potential-involvement-of-dna-damage-and-oxidative-stress
#12
Anthony Laugeray, Asma Oummadi, Clément Jourdain, Justyne Feat, Géraldine Meyer-Dilhet, Arnaud Menuet, Karen Plé, Marion Gay, Sylvain Routier, Stéphane Mortaud, Gilles J Guillemin
We recently demonstrated that perinatal exposure to the glutamate-related herbicide, glufosinate ammonium, has deleterious effects on neural stem cell (NSC) homeostasis within the sub-ventricular zone (SVZ), probably leading to ASD-like symptoms in offspring later in life. In the present study, we aimed to investigate whether perinatal exposure to another glutamate-related toxicant, the cyanobacterial amino acid β-N-methylamino-L-alanine (BMAA), might also trigger neurodevelopmental disturbances. With this aim, female mice were intranasally exposed to low doses of BMAA, 50 mg kg(-1) three times a week from embryonic days 7-10 to postnatal day 21...
September 6, 2017: Neurotoxicity Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876500/on-the-integrity-of-functional-brain-networks-in-schizophrenia-parkinson-s-disease-and-advanced-age-evidence-from-connectivity-based-single-subject-classification
#13
Rachel N Pläschke, Edna C Cieslik, Veronika I Müller, Felix Hoffstaedter, Anna Plachti, Deepthi P Varikuti, Mareike Goosses, Anne Latz, Svenja Caspers, Christiane Jockwitz, Susanne Moebus, Oliver Gruber, Claudia R Eickhoff, Kathrin Reetz, Julia Heller, Martin Südmeyer, Christian Mathys, Julian Caspers, Christian Grefkes, Tobias Kalenscher, Robert Langner, Simon B Eickhoff
Previous whole-brain functional connectivity studies achieved successful classifications of patients and healthy controls but only offered limited specificity as to affected brain systems. Here, we examined whether the connectivity patterns of functional systems affected in schizophrenia (SCZ), Parkinson's disease (PD), or normal aging equally translate into high classification accuracies for these conditions. We compared classification performance between pre-defined networks for each group and, for any given network, between groups...
September 6, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867925/adolescent-physiological-and-behavioral-patterns-of-emotion-dysregulation-predict-multisystemic-therapy-response
#14
D Anne Winiarski, Julia C Schechter, Patricia A Brennan, Sharon L Foster, Phillippe B Cunningham, Elizabeth A Whitmore
This study examined whether physiological and behavioral indicators of emotion dysregulation assessed over the course of Multisystemic Therapy (MST) were related to treatment response. Participants were 180 ethnically diverse adolescents (n=120 males), ranging in age from 12 to 17 years. Treatment response was assessed through therapist report and official arrest records. Changes in cortisol reactivity and changes in scores on a behavioral dysregulation subscale of the Child Behavior Checklist were used as indicators of emotion dysregulation...
September 2017: Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866031/emotional-eating-is-related-with-temperament-but-not-with-stress-biomarkers-in-preschool-children
#15
Nadine Messerli-Bürgy, Kerstin Stülb, Tanja H Kakebeeke, Amar Arhab, Annina E Zysset, Claudia S Leeger-Aschmann, Einat A Schmutz, Andrea H Meyer, Ulrike Ehlert, David Garcia-Burgos, Susi Kriemler, Oskar G Jenni, Jardena J Puder, Simone Munsch
Emotional eating (EE) corresponds to a change in eating behavior in response to distress and results in an increase of food intake (overeating (EOE)) or in food avoidance (undereating (EUE)). EE has been related to temperament (i.e. negative emotionality) and dysregulated stress biomarkers in school-aged children; parenting has been understood to influence this relationship in older children. The aim of the study was to investigate to which extent stress biomarkers and negative emotionality are related to EE and to understand the role of parenting in this relationship...
August 31, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865369/binge-eating-behaviours-in-bipolar-disorders
#16
Hortense Boulanger, Sarah Tebeka, Chloé Girod, Célia Lloret-Linares, Julie Meheust, Jan Scott, Sébastien Guillaume, Philippe Courtet, Frank Bellivier, Marine Delavest
BACKGROUND: Recent research, especially from the USA, suggests that comorbid binge eating (BE) behaviour and BE disorder are frequent in individuals with Bipolar Disorder (BD). Although basic clinical associations between BD and BE have been investigated, less is known about psychological or temperamental dimensions and qualitative aspects of eating habits. In a French cohort of patients with BD, we investigated the prevalence of BE behaviour and any associations with illness characteristics, anxiety, impulsivity, emotional regulation and eating habits...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863348/biological-and-perceived-stress-in-motor-functional-neurological-disorders
#17
Kalliopi Apazoglou, Viridiana Mazzola, Jennifer Wegrzyk, Giulia Frasca Polara, Selma Aybek
BACKGROUND: Current models explaining motor functional neurological disorders (FND) integrate both the neurobiological mechanisms underlying symptoms production and the role of psychosocial stressors. Imaging studies have suggested abnormal motor control linked to impaired emotional and stress regulation. However, little is known on the biological stress regulation in FND. Our aim was to study the biological and perceived response to stress in patients with motor FND. METHODS: Sixteen patients with motor FND (DSM-5 criteria) and fifteen healthy controls underwent the Trier Social Stress Test...
August 29, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852520/variations-of-emotion-dysregulation-in-borderline-personality-disorder-a-latent-profile-analysis-approach-with-adult-psychiatric-inpatients
#18
Katrina A Rufino, Thomas E Ellis, Joshua Clapp, Catherine Pearte, J Christopher Fowler
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present study was to identify variations in emotional dysregulation patterns among adults diagnosed with borderline personality disorder (BPD), with an eye toward implications for treatment. METHODS: Latent profile analysis (LPA) was utilized to classify 156 inpatients with BPD, based on patterns of Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS; Gratz and Roemer, J Psychopathol Behav Assess 26: 41-54, 2004) subscale scores. RESULTS: Results revealed that a three class solution best fit the sample (Low Impairment, Global Dysregulation, and Emotionally Aware)...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837827/pharmacotherapy-of-emotional-dysregulation-in-adults-with-adhd-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Francesca Lenzi, Samuele Cortese, Joseph Harris, Gabriele Masi
Emotional dysregulation (ED) is a dysfunction in modifying an emotional state in an adaptive and goal oriented way, with excitability, ease anger, and mood lability. It is present in up to 70% of adults with ADHD, regardless of other comorbidities, and substantially worsens the psychosocial outcomes of the disorder. Besides fronto-parietal circuits mediating top-down control, brain regions involved in bottom-up processes (e.g., amygdala, orbitofrontal cortex, and ventral striatum) are implicated in ED. We performed a systematic review/meta-analysis of double-blind randomized controlled trials of ADHD medications to assess their effects on ED in adults with ADHD...
August 25, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830702/cardiac-complexity-and-emotional-dysregulation-in-children
#20
Charlotte Fiskum, Tonje Grønning Andersen, Per M Aslaksen, Birgit Svendsen, Magne A Flaten, Karl Jacobsen
OBJECTIVE: Sample entropy (SampEn) gives an estimate of signal complexity in cardiac time series and can give information beyond linear heart rate variability. Lower cardiac SampEn is associated with psychopathology in adults. Emotional dysregulation is widely present in adult psychopathology and a forerunner to later mental problems in children. Therefore, this study investigated whether SampEn relates to emotional dysregulation in children. METHODS: Participants were 32 children between 9-13 years with internalizing difficulties and 25 controls...
August 19, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
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