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Emotional dysregulation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439771/neurobiological-programming-of-early-life-stress-functional-development-of-amygdala-prefrontal-circuitry-and-vulnerability-for-stress-related-psychopathology
#1
Michelle R VanTieghem, Nim Tottenham
Early adverse experiences are associated with heighted vulnerability for stress-related psychopathology across the lifespan. While extensive work has investigated the effects of early adversity on neurobiology in adulthood, developmental approaches can provide further insight on the neurobiological mechanisms that link early experiences and long-term mental health outcomes. In the current review, we discuss the role of emotion regulation circuitry implicated in stress-related psychopathology from a developmental and transdiagnostic perspective...
April 25, 2017: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438524/trajectories-of-mental-health-related-service-use-among-adolescents-with-histories-of-early-externalizing-problems
#2
Yuko Okado, Emily Ewing, Christina Rowley, Damon E Jones
PURPOSE: To inform efforts to reduce costly service utilization, the present study examined longitudinal trajectories of mental health-related outpatient and residential service use among at-risk youth with a history of early externalizing problems. METHODS: A cohort of 809 children in the Fast Track Project, a multisite longitudinal study of children at risk for conduct disorder, were followed prospectively from kindergarten through 12th grade. They resided in high-risk areas with high rates of poverty, crime, and violence...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433950/an-electrocortical-investigation-of-emotional-face-processing-in-military-related-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#3
Julia A DiGangi, Katie L Burkhouse, Darrin M Aase, Joseph M Babione, Christopher Schroth, Amy E Kennedy, Justin E Greenstein, Eric Proescher, K Luan Phan
PTSD is a disorder of emotion dysregulation. Although much work has intended to elucidate the neural underpinnings of the disorder, much remains unknown about the neurobiological substrates of emotion dysregulation in PTSD. In order to assess the relationship between a neural measure of attention to emotion (i.e. the late positive potential; LPP) and PTSD symptoms, EEG was recorded and examined as a potential predictor of military-related PTSD symptoms in a sample of 73 OEF/OIF/OND veterans. Results revealed that higher PTSD symptoms were related to an attenuated LPP response to angry facial expressions...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431971/influence-of-stress-associated-with-chronic-alcohol-exposure-on-drinking
#4
REVIEW
Howard C Becker
Stress is commonly regarded as an important trigger for relapse and a significant factor that promotes increased motivation to drink in some individuals. However, the relationship between stress and alcohol is complex, likely changing in form during the transition from early moderated alcohol use to more heavy uncontrolled alcohol intake. A growing body of evidence indicates that prolonged excessive alcohol consumption serves as a potent stressor, producing persistent dysregulation of brain reward and stress systems beyond normal homeostatic limits...
April 18, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428748/resting-state-neuroimaging-and-neuropsychological-findings-in-opioid-use-disorder-during-abstinence-a-review
#5
REVIEW
Hada Fong-Ha Ieong, Zhen Yuan
Dependence to opiates, including illicit heroin and prescription pain killers, and treatment of the opioid use disorder (OUD) have been longstanding problems over the world. Despite intense efforts to scientific investigation and public health care, treatment outcomes have not significantly improved for the past 50 years. One reason behind the continuing use of heroin worldwide despite such efforts is its highly addictive nature. Brain imaging studies over the past two decades have made significant contribution to the understanding of the addictive properties as to be due in part to biological processes, specifically those in the brain structure and function...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421017/review-on-neural-correlates-of-emotion-regulation-and-music-implications-for-emotion-dysregulation
#6
REVIEW
Jiancheng Hou, Bei Song, Andrew C N Chen, Changan Sun, Jiaxian Zhou, Haidong Zhu, Theodore P Beauchaine
Previous studies have examined the neural correlates of emotion regulation and the neural changes that are evoked by music exposure. However, the link between music and emotion regulation is poorly understood. The objectives of this review are to (1) synthesize what is known about the neural correlates of emotion regulation and music-evoked emotions, and (2) consider the possibility of therapeutic effects of music on emotion dysregulation. Music-evoked emotions can modulate activities in both cortical and subcortical systems, and across cortical-subcortical networks...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419607/subjective-and-objective-sleep-quality-modulate-emotion-regulatory-brain-function-in-anxiety-and-depression
#7
Heide Klumpp, Julia Roberts, Mary C Kapella, Amy E Kennedy, Anand Kumar, K Luan Phan
BACKGROUND: Disturbances in emotion regulation and sleep are shared across anxiety and mood disorders. Poor sleep has been shown to impair cognitive processes which may undermine cognitive regulatory function. However, it remains unknown if sleep quality impacts regulatory mechanisms in clinical anxiety and depression. METHODS: During fMRI, 78 patients with social anxiety disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and/or major depressive disorder completed a validated emotion regulation task, which involved reappraisal (i...
April 18, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413937/alexithymia-and-depression-in-the-recovery-of-chronic-pain-patients-a-follow-up-study
#8
Anita S Saariaho, Tom H Saariaho, Aino K Mattila, Pasi Ohtonen, Matti I Joukamaa, Max Karukivi
BACKGROUND: Childhood adversities and emotional dysregulation are connected with chronic pain, alexithymia, and depression. Longitudinal studies exploring the impact of their co-occurrence on the pain situation are rare. AIMS: The influence of alexithymia, depression, baseline pain situation, and treatment options on the course of chronic pain in a clinical sample was studied. METHODS: The baseline data was collected from chronic pain patients (n = 154) before their first pain clinic visit, and the follow-up data after 1 year by self-report questionnaires...
May 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410477/anxiety-among-adults-with-a-history-of-childhood-adversity-psychological-resilience-moderates-the-indirect-effect-of-emotion-dysregulation
#9
Julia C Poole, Keith S Dobson, Dennis Pusch
BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been widely identified as risk factors for increased symptoms of anxiety across the lifespan. Little is known, however, about the processes by which ACEs set the stage for increased symptoms of anxiety in adulthood. The current study evaluated whether emotion dysregulation and psychological resilience influence the association between ACEs and symptoms of anxiety. METHODS: A sample of adult primary care patients (N=4006) completed self-report measures related to ACEs, symptoms of anxiety, emotion dysregulation, and psychological resilience...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410153/the-cognitive-dysregulation-of-internet-addiction-and-its-neurobiological-correlates
#10
Yeon Jin Kim, Dai Jin Kim, Jung-Seok Choi
Individuals with Internet addiction (IA) show loss of control and recurring maladaptive Internet use. This condition has negative consequences and causes significant psychosocial distress. Here, we review neurobiological changes in four key paradigms in cognitive domain in IA including reward processing, impulsivity, cue reactivity, and decision-making. IA is associated with alterations in prefrontal-cingulate region activation during the inhibition of inappropriate responses. Such patterns are also observed in cue-reactivity paradigm tasks, suggesting a relationship with loss of control and deficits in the control of cue-eliciting behavior...
June 1, 2017: Frontiers in Bioscience (Elite Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407461/the-biological-basis-to-personality-disorders
#11
Malathi L Perugula, Puneet D Narang, Steven B Lippmann
Objective: To provide understanding into the biological basis of thinking and behavior in people with personality disorders, explain anatomic findings, and appraise therapeutic options. Data Sources: PubMed was searched with no date restrictions using the terms personality disorders DSM-5, cluster B personality disorders, biological psychiatry of personality disorders, neurobiology of personality disorders, and neurobiology of cluster B personality disorders. Study Selection/Data Extraction: We identified 2,790 English-language articles and utilized 18 in this report...
April 13, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402571/neural-correlates-of-emotion-acceptance-versus-worry-or-suppression-in-generalized-anxiety-disorder
#12
Kristen K Ellard, David H Barlow, Susan Whitfield-Gabrieli, John D E Gabrieli, Thilo Deckersbach
Recent emotion dysregulation models of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) propose chronic worry in GAD functions as a maladaptive attempt to regulate anxiety related to uncertain or unpredictable outcomes. Emotion acceptance is an adaptive emotion regulation strategy increasingly incorporated into newer cognitive-behavioral (CBT) approaches to GAD to counter chronic worry. The current study explores the mechanisms of emotion acceptance as an alternate emotion regulation strategy to worry or emotion suppression using functional magnetic resonance imaging...
April 11, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399466/the-influence-of-childhood-polyvictimization-on-disordered-eating-symptoms-in-emerging-adulthood
#13
Amanda J Hasselle, Kathryn H Howell, Madeline Dormois, Laura E Miller-Graff
Children who endure multiple victimization experiences, or "polyvictims," are vulnerable to maladaptive outcomes. Yet, little research exists evaluating the relationship between childhood polyvictimization and disordered eating symptoms (DES) in emerging adulthood. The current study examines the relationship between childhood polyvictimization and DES in emerging adults. Data were collected from 288 participants across two universities using online self-report measures. Hierarchical regression analyses revealed a significant positive relationship between number of childhood victimization experiences and DES in young adulthood (ß=0...
April 8, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397403/the-neurobiology-of-social-deficits-in-female-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-the-importance-of-oxytocin
#14
Anne Cathrine Bomann, Martin Balslev Jørgensen, Sune Bo, Marianne Nielsen, Lene Bjerring Gede, Betina Elfving, Erik Simonsen
BACKGROUND: Social deficits and emotional dysregulation have been suggested as explanations for the relational difficulties experienced by patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD). The neuropeptide oxytocin (OXT) is a possible neurobiological underpinning of these adversities, and this study examines possible correlations between BPD symptomatology and serum OXT. METHODS: Thirty-eight female participants (BPD group n = 18, matched control group n = 20) with a mean age of 29...
April 11, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397390/effects-of-city-living-on-the-mesolimbic-reward-system-an-fmri-study
#15
Bernd Krämer, Esther K Diekhof, Oliver Gruber
Based on higher prevalence rates of several mental disorders for city dwellers, psychosocial stress effects of urban living have been proposed as an environmental risk factor contributing to the development of mental disorders. Recently, it was shown that amygdala activation differs between city dwellers and rural residents in response to a cognitive-social stressor. Besides its influence on the amygdala, chronic stress also affects mesocorticolimbic brain regions involved in reward processing, and stress-related dysregulation of the mesocorticolimbic dopamine system is thought to contribute to onset and manifestation of psychiatric disorders...
April 11, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392359/intracranial-self-stimulation-reward-induces-neurite-extension-in-pc12m3-cells-and-activation-of-the-p38-mapk-pathway
#16
Yutaka Gomita, Satoru Esumi, Naoya Sugiyama, Yoshihisa Kitamura, Yoshihisa Koike, Hirotoshi Motoda, Toshiaki Sendo, Yoshio Kano
Factors that trigger emotional expression may be divided into two patterns according to the type of motivation, acquiring reward (pleasure) and avoiding aversion (punishment). Repeated exposure to certain external stimuli accompanied by aberrant motivation may produce psychiatric diseases such as bipolar disorder and addiction via dysregulation of the central nervous system. However, neurobiological underpinnings of such diseases have not been clarified, especially at the neuronal level. In the present study, plasma from rats undergoing intracranial self-stimulation (ICSS) produced neurite outgrowth in PC12-variant cells (PC12m3)...
April 6, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388995/brain-mechanisms-underlying-reactive-aggression-in-borderline-personality-disorder-sex-matters
#17
Sabine C Herpertz, Krisztina Nagy, Kai Ueltzhöffer, Ruth Schmitt, Falk Mancke, Christian Schmahl, Katja Bertsch
BACKGROUND: Aggression in borderline personality disorder (BPD) is thought to be mediated through emotion dysregulation via high trait anger. Until now, data comparing anger and aggression in female and male patients with BPD have been widely missing on the behavioral and particularly the brain levels. METHODS: Thirty-three female and 23 male patients with BPD and 30 healthy women and 26 healthy men participated in this functional magnetic resonance imaging study...
March 1, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383930/sluggish-cognitive-tempo-in-adults-psychometric-validation-of-the-adult-concentration-inventory
#18
Stephen P Becker, G Leonard Burns, Annie A Garner, Matthew A Jarrett, Aaron M Luebbe, Jeffery N Epstein, Erik G Willcutt
As interest in sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) increases, a primary limitation for the field is the lack of a unified set of symptoms for assessing SCT. No existing SCT measure includes all items identified in a recent meta-analysis as optimal for distinguishing between SCT and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) inattention. This study evaluates a new self-report measure for assessing SCT in adulthood, the Adult Concentration Inventory (ACI), which was developed in response to the meta-analytic findings for assessing SCT...
April 6, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376909/disordered-eating-and-emotion-dysregulation-among-adolescents-and-their-parents
#19
Erika Hansson, Daiva Daukantaité, Per Johnsson
BACKGROUND: Research on the relationships between adolescent and parental disordered eating (DE) and emotion dysregulation is scarce. Thus, the aim of this study was to explore whether mothers' and fathers' own DE, as measured by SCOFF questionnaire, and emotion dysregulation, as measured by the difficulties in emotion regulation scale (DERS), were associated with their daughters' or sons' DE and emotion dysregulation. Furthermore, the importance of shared family meals and possible parent-related predictors of adolescent DE were explored...
April 4, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376513/the-role-of-environmental-stress-on-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms
#20
Melissa T Sanford, Larissa V Rodriguez
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) have been associated with comorbid conditions such as anxiety and depression. In addition, stress appears to influence the development or exacerbation of LUTS. This article seeks to review literature regarding the role of environmental stress on LUTS, focusing on findings presented in the last year. RECENT FINDINGS: Numerous authors have published on the impact early childhood experiences, acute and chronic stress, and psychiatric illness play in the development of LUTS...
May 2017: Current Opinion in Urology
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