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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356230/maternal-and-child-health-nurses-work-with-refugee-families-perspectives-from-regional-victoria-australia
#1
Suzanne M Willey, Robyn P Cant, Allison Williams, Meredith McIntyre
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore service provision for Victorian regional refugee families from the perspective of Maternal and Child Health nurses. BACKGROUND: Increasingly, more families from a refugee background are resettling in regional Victoria. The refugee journey has significant effect on families. Refugee families with infants and young children can be provided with support by Maternal and Child Health services; however, many families experience barriers to ongoing engagement with this service...
January 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355924/adolescent-perspectives-on-the-burden-of-a-parent-s-migraine-results-from-the-cameo-study
#2
Dawn C Buse, Scott W Powers, Amy A Gelfand, Juliana H VanderPluym, Kristina M Fanning, Michael L Reed, Aubrey Manack Adams, Richard B Lipton
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of parental migraine on adolescents (aged 13-21 years) living within the parental home from the adolescent's perspective. BACKGROUND: Family members are affected by their parent's migraine. We surveyed adolescents on the social, academic, and emotional effects of their parent's migraine. METHODS: The Chronic Migraine Epidemiology and Outcomes (CaMEO) study was a longitudinal Web-based study with cross-sectional modules designed to assess migraine symptoms, severity, frequency, and disability; migraine-related consulting practices, healthcare utilization, medication use, comorbid health conditions, and family related burden associated with migraine...
January 22, 2018: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355827/pathways-linking-war-and-displacement-to-parenting-and-child-adjustment-a-qualitative-study-with-syrian-refugees-in-lebanon
#3
Amanda Sim, Mina Fazel, Lucy Bowes, Frances Gardner
Forcibly displaced children are at risk of a range of negative outcomes, yet little is known about how to support war-affected caregivers in promoting children's psychosocial resilience. The current study uses qualitative methods to examine the mechanisms underlying the effects of war and displacement on parenting and child adjustment in order to inform intervention development. In April and November 2016, group and individual interviews were conducted with 39 Syrian parents and 15 children in partnership with a humanitarian organization in Lebanon...
January 10, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355681/whole-exome-sequencing-identifies-a-novel-mutation-c-333%C3%A2-%C3%A2-2t%C3%A2-%C3%A2-c-of-tnni3k-in-a-chinese-family-with-dilated-cardiomyopathy-and-cardiac-conduction-disease
#4
Liang-Liang Fan, Hao Huang, Jie-Yuan Jin, Jing-Jing Li, Ya-Qin Chen, Shui-Ping Zhao, Rong Xiang
Dilated Cardiomyopathy (DCM) and cardiac conduction disease (CCD) are two kinds if diseases that can induce heart failure, syncope and even sudden cardiac death (SCD). DCM patients can experience CCD at the same time. In recent research, some disease-causing genes and variants have been identified in patients with DCM and CCD, such as Alpha-Actinin-2 and TNNI3 Interacting Kinase (TNNI3K). In this study, we employed whole-exome sequencing (WES) to explore the potential causative genes in a Chinese family with DCM and CCD...
January 17, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355492/racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-patterns-of-long-acting-reversible-contraceptive-use-in-the-united-states-2011-2015
#5
Renee D Kramer, Jenny A Higgins, Amy L Godecker, Deborah B Ehrenthal
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether demographic, socioeconomic, and reproductive health characteristics affect long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) use differently by race-ethnicity. Results may inform the dialogue on racial pressure and bias in LARC promotion. STUDY DESIGN: Data derived from the 2011-2013 and 2013-2015 National Surveys of Family Growth (NSFG). Our study sample included 9321 women aged 15-44. Logistic regression analyses predicted current LARC use (yes vs...
January 17, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355414/the-caries-microbiome-implications-for-reversing-dysbiosis
#6
A C R Tanner, C A Kressirer, S Rothmiller, I Johansson, N I Chalmers
The oral microbiome plays a critical role in maintaining oral health. Frequent dietary carbohydrate intake can lead to dysbiosis of the microbial community from overproduction of acid with selection for increases in acidogenic, acid-tolerant bacteria. Knowledge of the caries-associated microbiome is key in planning approaches to reverse the dysbiosis to achieve health. For risk assessment and treatment studies, it would be valuable to establish whether microbial monitoring requires assay of multiple species or whether selected key species would suffice...
February 2018: Advances in Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355354/civilization-and-its-discontented-links-between-youth-victimization-beliefs-about-government-and-political-participation-across-seven-american-presidencies
#7
Benjamin Oosterhoff, Julie B Kaplow, Christopher M Layne, Robert S Pynoos
Promoting trust in public officials and active political engagement is vital to sustaining a well-functioning democracy. Developmental psychologists propose that youths' beliefs about government and participation in politics are rooted in personal experiences within their communities. Previous studies have focused on how positive experiences within youths' families, schools, and communities facilitate greater social trust and political participation. However, less is known about how negative interpersonal experiences-such as criminal victimization-intersect with youths' beliefs about the trustworthiness, competence, and knowledge of government officials, and their participation in political activity...
January 22, 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355125/the-experiences-and-perceptions-of-persons-with-disabilities-regarding-work-skills-development-in-sheltered-and-protective-workshops
#8
Mohammed Shaheed Soeker, Jo Celene De Jongh, Amy Diedericks, Kelly Matthys, Nicole Swart, Petra van der Pol
BACKGROUND: Protective workshops and sheltered employment settings have been instrumental in developing the work skills of people with disabilities, however there has been a void in the literature about its influence on the ability of individuals to find employment in the open labor market. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to explore the experiences and perceptions of people with disabilities about the development of their work skills for transitioning into the open labor market...
January 18, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354200/perceptions-practice-and-ownership-experiences-in-continuity-of-the-patient-doctor-relationship-in-a-family-medicine-residency
#9
Ann Lee, Sandra Kennett, Sheny Khera, Shelley Ross
Background: The objective of this mixed-methods study was to determine interpersonal continuity (the ongoing therapeutic relationship between patient and health care provider) experiences of family medicine residents and preceptors, and explore their perceptions of interpersonal continuity. Methods: Quantitative data on resident and preceptor encounters were extracted from the electronic medical record (EMR). Opportunities for developing interpersonal continuity were determined using the Usual Provider Continuity (UPC) Index...
December 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354194/canadian-residents-perceptions-of-cross-cultural-care-training-in-graduate-medical-school
#10
Barinder Singh, Emma Banwell, Dianne Groll
Background: The Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada specifies both respect for diversity as a requirement of professionalism and culturally sensitive provision of medical care. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the perception of preparedness and attitudes of medical residents to deliver cross-cultural care. Methods: The Cross Cultural Care Survey was sent via e-mail to all Faculty of Medicine residents (approx. 450) in an academic health sciences centre...
December 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353632/health-related-quality-of-life-during-cancer-treatment-perspectives-of-young-adult-23-39-years-cancer-survivors-and-primary-informal-caregivers
#11
Shiraz I Mishra, Heidi Rishel Brakey, Miria Kano, Frances R Nedjat-Haiem, Andrew L Sussman
PURPOSE: There is a paucity of information regarding health related quality of life (HRQoL) of young adults (YAs) with cancer and caregivers. Therefore, we characterize YA and caregiver perspectives on the impact of cancer and its treatment on HRQoL. METHODS: We conducted descriptive qualitative in-depth, semi-structured interviews with YAs receiving cancer care at an academic health center in Albuquerque, New Mexico (USA) and primary informal caregivers. The interviews, conducted from September through December 2015, focused on perspectives on the impact of the disease and its treatment in terms of physical and emotional effects, coping, and strategies to enhance HRQoL...
February 2018: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353629/experiences-of-caregivers-of-patients-with-metastatic-cancer-what-can-we-learn-from-them-to-better-support-them
#12
Chrysanthi Leonidou, Zoe Giannousi
PURPOSE: Family caregivers of cancer patients often face strains within their role and report various unmet needs. The aim of this qualitative study was to examine metastatic cancer caregivers' experiences within their role. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using focus group interviews with caregivers of metastatic cancer patients (n = 17) recruited from an oncology hospital in Cyprus was conducted. Data were analysed following the content analysis approach with inductive coding for the development of themes...
February 2018: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353512/social-disadvantage-severe-child-abuse-and-biological-profiles-in-adulthood
#13
Chioun Lee, Christopher L Coe, Carol D Ryff
Guided by the stress process model and the life course perspective, we hypothesize: (1) that childhood abuse is concentrated, in terms of type and intensity, among socially disadvantaged individuals, and (2) that experiencing serious abuse contributes to poor biological profiles in multiple body systems in adulthood. Data came from the Biomarker subsample of Midlife in the United States (2004-2006). We used latent class analysis to identify distinct profiles of childhood abuse, each reflecting a combination of type and severity...
September 2017: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352818/validity-and-reliability-of-the-palliative-care-transition-measure-for-caregivers-pctm-c
#14
Daniela D'Angelo, Chiara Mastroianni, Marco Artico, Valentina Biagioli, Roberto Latina, Michela Guarda, Michela Piredda, Maria Grazia De Marinis
OBJECTIVE: Patients suffering from advanced disease face different care transitions. The transition from acute to palliative care is challenging and may lead to the discontinuity of care. Family caregivers become important sources of information, as patients begin to experience difficulties in coping with emotional transition events. The Care Transition Measure was developed to evaluate care transitions as experienced by the elderly. It has never been used in palliative care. The aim of this study was to test the validity and reliability of a modified version of the Palliative Care Transition Measure, specifically the Palliative Care Transition Measure for Caregivers (PCTM-C)...
January 21, 2018: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352113/polo-like-kinase-4-mediates-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-in-neuroblastoma-via-pi3k-akt-signaling-pathway
#15
Xiangdong Tian, Dejun Zhou, Lu Chen, Yao Tian, Benfu Zhong, Yanna Cao, Qiuping Dong, Meng Zhou, Jie Yan, Yalei Wang, Yanli Qiu, Lianmin Zhang, Zhongyuan Li, Huijuan Wang, Daowei Wang, Guoguang Ying, Qiang Zhao
Neuroblastoma (NB) is the most common malignant tumor in infancy and most common extracranial solid tumor in childhood. With the improvement of diagnosis and treatment, the survival rate of patients with low-risk and intermediate-risk NB can reach up to 90%. In contrast, for high-risk NBs, the long-term survival rate is still <40% because of heterogeneity of this tumor. The pathogenesis of NB is still not explicit, therefore it is of great significance to explore the mechanism of NB tumorigenesis and discover new therapeutic targets for NB...
January 19, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351865/interventions-to-support-effective-communication-between-maternity-care-staff-and-women-in-labour-a-mixed-methods-systematic-review
#16
Yan-Shing Chang, Kirstie Coxon, Anayda Gerarda Portela, Marie Furuta, Debra Bick
OBJECTIVES: the objectives of this review were (1) to assess whether interventions to support effective communication between maternity care staff and healthy women in labour with a term pregnancy could improve birth outcomes and experiences of care; and (2) to synthesize information related to the feasibility of implementation and resources required. DESIGN: a mixed-methods systematic review. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: studies which reported on interventions aimed at improving communication between maternity care staff and healthy women during normal labour and birth, with no apparent medical or obstetric complications, and their family members were included...
December 27, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351046/young-adults-experience-of-appearance-altering-orthognathic-surgery-a-longitudinal-interpretative-phenomenologic-analysis
#17
Morna J Liddle, Sarah R Baker, Keith G Smith, Andrew R Thompson
OBJECTIVE: To gain an experiential account of the processes of change associated specifically with orthognathic surgery. DESIGN: A qualitative design was used. Semistructured interviews were carried out with 7 participants approximately 1 week before and 6-8 weeks after surgery. The data were analyzed using interpretative phenomenologic analysis (IPA). SETTING: Participants were recruited from a NHS Dental Hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Patients aged 16 to 25 years scheduled to undergo orthognathic surgery on both the upper and lower jaws were purposively sought to participate...
February 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350747/low-semen-quality-and-experiences-of-masculinity-and-family-building
#18
Randi Sylvest, Jeanette Krogh Fürbringer, Anja Pinborg, Emily Koert, Jeanette Bogstad, Kristine Loessl, Lisbeth Praetorius, Lone Schmidt
INTRODUCTION: Infertility is a concern for men and women.There is limited knowledge on how male factor infertility affects the couple in fertility treatment. The aim of this study was to explore how severe male factor infertility affects men's sense of masculinity, the couple's relationship and intentions about family formation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Semi-structured qualitative interview study at the Fertility Clinic at Copenhagen University Hospital, Hvidovre, Denmark...
January 19, 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350714/health-literacy-exploring-nursing-challenges-to-providing-support-and-understanding%C3%A2
#19
Elaine Wittenberg, Betty Ferrell, Elisa Kanter, Haley Buller
BACKGROUND: As patient advocates, oncology nurses must attend to varying levels of health literacy among patients and families. However, little is known about nurses' experiences and comfort with health literacy assessment and providing health literacy support.
. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to explore nurse communication and patient health literacy.
. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey design (N = 74) was used to explore nurse communication challenges with low-literacy patients and to measure nurses' frequency of assisting with patient literacy needs, perceived degree of difficulty communicating with low-literacy populations, and perceived comfort with health literacy support...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350059/a-new-curriculum-to-address-dementia-related-stigma-preliminary-experience-with-alzheimer-s-association-staff
#20
Lynn K Herrmann, Nancy Udelson, Cheryl Kanetsky, Hongyan Liu, Kristin Cassidy, Elisabeth Welter, Martha Sajatovic
Objective Develop and test a stigma awareness and education curriculum targeted to non-medical staff of a local Alzheimer's Association chapter. Methods The curriculum, developed in collaboration with leadership and educational staff from the Cleveland Chapter of the Alzheimer's Association, included a definition, types, and domains of stigma; effects of stigma on individuals with dementia and their families; stigma evaluation studies; tips to address the topic of dementia-related stigma with individuals and families...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
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