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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679408/prehospital-emergency-care-nurses-strategies-while-caring-for-patients-with-limited-swedish-english-proficiency
#1
A Alm Pfrunder, A Falk, V Vicente, V Lindström
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the strategies of nurses working in the ambulance service while caring for patients with limited Swedish-English proficiency. BACKGROUND: Communication difficulties due to lack of mutual language is a challenge in health care systems around the world. Little is known about nurses' strategies while caring for patients with whom they do not share a mutual language in an unstructured, unplanned prehospital emergency environment, the ambulance service...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679141/ethical-considerations-of-researchers-conducting-pediatric-clinical-drug-trials-a-qualitative-survey-in-two-belgian-university-children-s-hospitals
#2
Wannes Van Hoof, Kevin Meesters, Lien Dossche, Daphné Christiaens, Pauline De Bruyne, Johan Vande Walle
There is a general consensus about the underlying theoretical ethical principles that ground the practice of pediatric clinical trials: scientific necessity, good risk/benefit ratio, minimized burden, and parental consent/child assent. However, these principles are so broadly construed that it is not always clear how they should be applied in clinical practice. We conducted a qualitative study at Ghent University Hospital and the hospital of the Dutch-speaking university of Brussels on how researchers weigh ethical principles, assess the risk/benefit balance, estimate patient experience, and experience informed consent procedures in pediatric drug studies...
April 21, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678991/measurement-properties-of-the-health-of-the-nation-outcome-scales-honos-family-of-measures-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#3
Meredith G Harris, Claudia Sparti, Roman Scheurer, Tim Coombs, Jane Pirkis, Torleif Ruud, Steve Kisely, Ketil Hanssen-Bauer, Johan Siqveland, Philip M Burgess
INTRODUCTION: The Health of the Nation Outcome Scales (HoNOS) for adults, and equivalent measures for children and adolescents and older people, are widely used in clinical practice and research contexts to measure mental health and functional outcomes. Additional HoNOS measures have been developed for special populations and applications. Stakeholders require synthesised information about the measurement properties of these measures to assess whether they are fit for use with intended service settings and populations and to establish performance benchmarks...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678459/impact-of-elementary-school-located-influenza-vaccinations-a-stepped-wedge-trial-across-a-community
#4
Peter G Szilagyi, Stanley Schaffer, Cynthia M Rand, Nicolas P N Goldstein, A Dirk Hightower, Mary Younge, Ashley Eagan, Aaron Blumkin, Christina S Albertin, Kristine DiBitetto, Cathleen Concannon, Phyllis Vincelli, Byung-Kwang Yoo, Sharon G Humiston
BACKGROUND: Influenza vaccination rates among children are low and novel strategies are needed to raise coverage. We measured the impact of school-located influenza vaccination (SLIV) on coverage, examined whether SLIV substitutes for practice-based influenza vaccination ("substitution"), and estimated whether a second year of experience with SLIV increases its impact. METHODS: We implemented a stepped wedge study design with schools as clusters. In Year 1, we randomly allocated schools to SLIV or control...
April 17, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678168/self-competence-in-death-work-among-health-and-social-care-workers-a-region-wide-survey-in-hong-kong
#5
Johnny T K Cheung, Doreen W H Au, Wallace C H Chan, Jenny H Y Chan, Kenway Ng, Jean Woo
BACKGROUND: According to the Quality of Death Index, Hong Kong is lagging behind many other Western and Asian countries in the category of palliative and healthcare. To ensure the provision of high-quality palliative care, it is important to explore the self-competence of health and social care workers in coping with death work including palliative care. This region-wide study aims to assess the level of self-competence with a validated Self-Competence in Death Work Scale (SC-DWS) and examine its correlates...
April 20, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678077/use-of-system-dynamics-modeling-in-medical-education-and-research-projects
#6
Jadranka Bozikov, Danko Relic, Gjuro Dezelic
The paper reviews experiences and accomplishments in application of system dynamics modeling in education, training and research projects at the Andrija Stampar School of Public Health, a branch of the Zagreb University School of Medicine, Croatia. A number of simulation models developed over the past 40 years are briefly described with regard to real problems concerned, objectives and modeling methods and techniques used. Many of them have been developed as the individual students' projects as a part of their graduation, MSc or PhD theses and subsequently published in journals or conference proceedings...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677997/the-perspective-of-nurses-on-nursing-information-system-a-case-study-in-a-developing-country
#7
Masoumeh Sarbaz, Khalil Kimiafar, Elham Nazari
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of nursing information system (NIS) on clinical performance from the perspective of nurses in an academic hospital affiliated to Mashhad University of Medical Sciences in Iran. This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in 2016. We collected data targeting nurses with over three years' experience in using the NIS (120 nurses). NIS had caused improvement in "accuracy the consistency of drug, lab tests and radiology requests", "increasing the speed of the automated extracting of minimum data set for decision making and care trends" with the means of 4...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677965/medical-records-online-for-patients-and-effects-on-the-work-environment-of-nurses
#8
Åsa Cajander, Jonas Moll, Sara Englund, Anastasia Hansman
In 2012 Patients Accessible Electronic Health Records (PAEHR) was introduced in Region Uppsala, Sweden. When PAEHR was introduced heath care professionals were very concerned especially in relation to potential negative effects on their work environment. However, few studies exist that investigate in what way work environments have been affected, and no studies have focused on the nurses' working in primary care. Hence, the purpose of this study was to fill this gap through seven interviews with primary care nurses that were transcribed and thematically analysed...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677380/end-of-life-education-and-discussions-with-assisted-living-certified-nursing-assistants
#9
Wendy L Mohlman, Kara Dassel, Katherine P Supiano, Michael Caserta
In previous work, the current researchers examined attitudes and experiences of certified nursing assistants (CNAs) providing end-of-life (EOL) care in an assisted living facility (ALF). Results showed that 70% of participating CNAs felt unprepared to provide EOL care, largely due to not having received prior EOL care education within their schools or workplaces. Therefore, the goal of the current study was to implement and evaluate EOL and postmortem education to ALF CNAs. A focus group of 14 CNAs within an ALF was provided EOL education pertaining to the physiological and psychological changes observed in patients nearing EOL and postmortem care...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677044/practice-makes-perfect-integrating-technology-to-teach-language-barrier-solutions
#10
Brenda Pavill
This article highlights how academia and industry leaders in health care communication can partner to provide students practice caring for individuals who are limited English proficient and how such practice opportunities can be integrated into academic programs. Highlighted are key elements to consider when partnering with industry leaders to develop a program for students. A course exemplar provides a comprehensive description of a practice exercise integrated in a nursing physical assessment course. Students obtain hands-on experiences caring for limited English proficient standardized patients using state-of-the-art digital video interpreting technology...
April 19, 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677041/nontraditional-academic-community-partnership-a-survey-of-student-knowledge-and-competencies
#11
Eileen Sarsfield, Agnes Burkhard
This pilot study examined student perceptions of the acquisition of core knowledge and basic community/public health generalist competencies gained through an innovative, nontraditional clinical partnership with an organization serving a vulnerable population. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Workplace Health Model was the conceptual framework. A survey, based on the Essentials of Baccalaureate Nursing Education for Entry Level Community/Public Health Nursing Practice, was completed by 25 BSN nursing students...
April 19, 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676527/undergraduate-nursing-assistant-employment-in-aged-care-has-benefits-for-new-graduates
#12
Maricris Algoso, Lucie Ramjan, Leah East, Kath Peters
AIMS: To determine how undergraduate assistant in nursing employment in aged care helps to prepare new graduates for clinical work as a registered nurse. BACKGROUND: The amount and quality of clinical experience afforded by university programs has been the subject of constant debate in the nursing profession. New graduate nurses are often deemed inadequately prepared for clinical practice and so many nursing students seek employment as assistants in nursing whilst studying to increase their clinical experience...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674362/implementation-of-an-evidence-based-model-of-care-for-low-back-pain-in-emergency-departments-protocol-for-the-sydney-health-partners-emergency-department-shaped-trial
#13
Gustavo C Machado, Bethan Richards, Chris Needs, Rachelle Buchbinder, Ian A Harris, Kirsten Howard, Kirsten McCaffery, Laurent Billot, James Edwards, Eileen Rogan, Rochelle Facer, David Lord Cowell, Chris G Maher
INTRODUCTION: Patients with low back pain often seek care in emergency departments, but the problem is that many patients receive unnecessary or ineffective interventions and at the same time miss out on the basics of care, such as advice on self-management. This pattern of care has important consequences for the healthcare system (expensive and inefficient) and for patients (poor health outcomes). We hypothesised that the implementation of an evidence-based model of care for low back pain will improve emergency care by reducing inappropriate overuse of tests and treatments and improving patient outcomes...
April 19, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672843/challenges-faced-in-rural-hospitals-the-experiences-of-nurse-managers-in-uganda
#14
T A Kakyo, L D Xiao
AIM: The aim of this study was to understand nurse ward managers perceived challenges in the rural healthcare setting in Uganda. BACKGROUND: The health workforce, essential medicines and equipment and political unrest are the main factors affecting the international community in addressing the hefty disease burden in World Health Organization African regions. Nurse ward managers have an important role to play to mitigate these factors in health facilities in these regions through leadership, supervision and support for staff...
April 19, 2018: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672772/key-barriers-to-gout-care-a-systematic-review-and-thematic-synthesis-of-qualitative-studies
#15
Sharan K Rai, Hyon K Choi, Sally H J Choi, Anne F Townsend, Kam Shojania, Mary A De Vera
Objectives: Gout care remains highly suboptimal, contributing to an increased global disease burden. To understand barriers to gout care, our aim was to provide a systematic review and thematic synthesis of qualitative studies worldwide reporting provider and patient perspectives and experiences with management. Methods: We conducted a mapped search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and Social Sciences Citation Index databases and selected qualitative studies of provider and patient perspectives on gout management...
April 17, 2018: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672712/perspectives-on-symptom-experiences-and-symptom-reporting-among-individuals-on-hemodialysis
#16
Jennifer E Flythe, Adeline Dorough, Julia H Narendra, Derek Forfang, Lori Hartwell, Emaad Abdel-Rahman
Background: Individuals on hemodialysis bear substantial symptom burdens, but providers often underappreciate patient symptoms. In general, standardized, patient-reported symptom data are not captured during routine dialysis care. We undertook this study to better understand patient experiences with symptoms and symptom reporting. In exploratory interviews, we sought to describe hemodialysis nurse and patient care technician perspectives on symptoms and symptom reporting. Methods: We conducted semi-structured interviews with 42 US hemodialysis patients and 13 hemodialysis clinic personnel...
April 16, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672524/point-of-care-tests-for-syphilis-and-yaws-in-a-low-income-setting-a-qualitative-study-of-healthcare-worker-and-patient-experiences
#17
Michael Marks, Tommy Esau, Rowena Asugeni, Relmah Harrington, Jason Diau, Hilary Toloka, James Asugeni, Eimhin Ansbro, Anthony W Solomon, David Maclaren, Michelle Redman-Maclaren, David C W Mabey
INTRODUCTION: The human treponematoses comprise venereal syphilis and the three non-venereal or endemic treponematoses yaws, bejel, and pinta. Serological assays remain the most common diagnostic method for all treponemal infections. Point-of-care tests (POCTs) for syphilis and yaws allow testing without further development of infrastructure in populations where routine laboratory facilities are not available. Alongside the test's performance characteristics assessed through diagnostic evaluation, it is important to consider broader issues when rolling out a POCT...
April 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672373/top-of-license-nursing-practice-describing-common-nursing-activities-and-nurses-experiences-that-hinder-top-of-license-practice-part-1
#18
Jacalyn Buck, Jacqueline Loversidge, Esther Chipps, Lynn Gallagher-Ford, Lynne Genter, Po-Yin Yen
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to describe nurses' perceptions of nursing activities and analyze for consistency with top-of-license (TOL) practice. BACKGROUND: The Advisory Board Company expert panel proposed 8 TOL core nursing responsibilities representing practice at its potential. Thus far, no empirical work has examined nursing practices relative to TOL, from staff nurses' points of view. METHODS: This qualitative study used focus groups to explore perceptions of typical nursing activities...
May 2018: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671901/using-dolls-for-therapeutic-purposes-a-study-on-nursing-home-residents-with-severe-dementia
#19
A Cantarella, E Borella, S Faggian, A Navuzzi, R De Beni
OBJECTIVES: Among the psychosocial interventions intended to reduce the behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD), doll therapy (DT) is increasingly used in clinical practice. Few studies on DT have been based on empirical data obtained with an adequate procedure; however, none have assessed its efficacy using an active control group, and the scales used to assess changes in BPSD are usually unreliable. The aim of the present study was to measure the impact of DT on people with severe dementia with a reliable, commonly used scale for assessing their BPSD, and the related distress in formal caregivers...
April 19, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671085/-gerontopsychosomatic-consultation-liaison-service-in-inpatient-acute-geriatrics-effects-of-trust-and-support-on-patient-nurse-interaction
#20
REVIEW
Reinhard Lindner
BACKGROUND: Geriatric and psychosomatic medicine follow a biopsychosocial paradigm. Despite this similar "Menschenbild" in general, collaboration between geriatrics and psychosomatics is still rare. OBJECTIVES: This comparative interventional study aims to find possible effects of psychosomatic work in geriatrics on the interaction between patients and nursing staff and contentment of patients with treatment in general. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In the period of one year 238 geriatric patients (return rate 22...
April 18, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
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