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"Perinatal loss"

Sarah Meaney, Paul Corcoran, Keelin O'Donoghue
BACKGROUND: Perinatal death is one of the most difficult bereavements due to the shock and profound grief experienced by parents. It has been established that such bereavement has a life-lasting impact. Twin pregnancy is associated with increased perinatal risk, with higher rates of perinatal mortality than in singleton pregnancy. OBJECTIVES: To date, few studies have examined the effect of the loss of one twin diagnosed with a congenital abnormality during pregnancy...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Carolien Zwiers, Irene T M Lindenburg, Frans J C M Klumper, Masja de Haas, Dick Oepkes, Inge L van Kamp
BACKGROUND: maternal alloimmunization to fetal red blood cell antigens is a major cause of fetal anemia, which in untreated cases can lead to hydrops and perinatal death. The cornerstone of the management during pregnancy is intrauterine intravascular blood transfusion. Although this procedure is considered to be relatively safe, (procedure-related) complications continue to occur. OBJECTIVES: to evaluate procedure-related complications and perinatal loss rates of intrauterine transfusion and changes over time, aiming to identify factors leading to improved outcome...
October 5, 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Gisele Ferreira Paris, Francine de Montigny, Sandra Marisa Pelloso
OBJECTIVE: To verify the association between complicated grief and sociodemographic, reproductive, mental, marital satisfaction, and professional support characteristics in women after stillbirth. METHOD: Cross-sectional study with 26 women who had stillbirth in 2013, living in the city of Maringá, Brazil, and eight women who attended the Centre d'Études et de Rechercheen Intervention Familiale at the University of Quebec en Outaouais, in Canada. The instrument was administered as an interview to a small number of mothers of infants up to three months (n=50), who did not participate in the validation study...
July 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
Rayna D Markin
In this article, clinical errors in the treatment of perinatal grief after a miscarriage are discussed, including (a) minimizing or avoiding painful affects related to the miscarriage, (b) assuming grief is resolved upon a subsequent healthy pregnancy, and (c) neglecting early unresolved losses that are reawakened by the loss of the pregnancy. It is argued that these unintentional errors, frequently committed by significant others in the patient's life, are similarly made by well-intentioned clinicians due to a lack of knowledge about the psychological impact of miscarriage and, moreover, an unconscious avoidance of such a common yet distressing loss...
September 2016: Psychotherapy
Laura A Magee, Peter von Dadelszen, Joel Singer, Terry Lee, Evelyne Rey, Susan Ross, Elizabeth Asztalos, Kellie E Murphy, Jennifer Menzies, Johanna Sanchez, Amiram Gafni, Michael Helewa, Eileen Hutton, Gideon Koren, Shoo K Lee, Alexander G Logan, Wessel Ganzevoort, Ross Welch, Jim G Thornton, Jean-Marie Moutquin
: To determine whether clinical outcomes differed by occurrence of severe hypertension in the international CHIPS trial (Control of Hypertension in Pregnancy Study), adjusting for the interventions of "less tight" (target diastolic blood pressure [dBP] 100 mm Hg) versus "tight" control (target dBP 85 mm Hg). In this post-hoc analysis of CHIPS data from 987 women with nonsevere nonproteinuric preexisting or gestational hypertension, mixed effects logistic regression was used to compare the following outcomes according to occurrence of severe hypertension, adjusting for allocated group and the influence of baseline factors: CHIPS primary (perinatal loss or high-level neonatal care for >48 hours) and secondary outcomes (serious maternal complications), birth weight <10th percentile, preeclampsia, delivery at <34 or <37 weeks, platelets <100×10(9)/L, elevated liver enzymes with symptoms, maternal length of stay ≥10 days, and maternal readmission before 6 weeks postpartum...
November 2016: Hypertension
Daniel Jay Krosch, Jane Shakespeare-Finch
Objective: Pregnancy loss is common and can be devastating for those who experience it. However, a historical focus on negative outcomes, and grief in particular, has rendered an incomplete portrait of both the gravity of the loss, and the potential for growth in its wake. Consistent with contemporary models of growth following bereavement, this study explored the occurrence of posttraumatic growth following pregnancy loss and further assessed the role of core belief disruptions and common loss context factors across perinatal grief, posttraumatic stress symptoms, and posttraumatic growth...
September 8, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
Margaret McSpedden, Barbara Mullan, Louise Sharpe, Lauren J Breen, Elizabeth A Lobb
The present study investigated the presence and possible predictors of complicated grief symptoms in perinatally-bereaved mothers (N = 121) up to 5 years post-bereavement. The presence of complicated grief scores in the clinical range was 12.4%, which is higher than in many other bereaved populations, and the presence of other living children may protect against the development of complicated grief symptoms. The majority of the women were able to negotiate a perinatal loss without developing complicated grief; however, there remains an important group of women who up to 5 years later score in the clinical range for complicated grief symptoms...
August 30, 2016: Death Studies
Katherine J Gold, Margaret M Normandin, Martha E Boggs
Support groups can help individuals cope with difficult health situations but have been understudied for women with perinatal bereavement. An early study suggested those using internet support groups had high rates of positive depression screens, raising the question whether these users were more symptomatic than those in similar face-to-face support groups. We therefore conducted two convenience sample surveys of women bereaved by perinatal loss, one looking at use of online support groups and the other in-person support groups...
August 25, 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Tommy Carlsson, Gunnar Bergman, Anna-Malin Karlsson, Barbro Wadensten, Elisabet Mattsson
OBJECTIVE: to explore experiences described by posters in Swedish virtual communities before, during and after termination of pregnancy due to a fetal anomaly. DESIGN: cross-sectional qualitative study of messages in virtual communities. The messages were purposefully selected in 2014 and analyzed with inductive qualitative manifest content analysis. SETTING: two large and active Swedish virtual communities. SAMPLE: 1623 messages from 122 posters (112 females, 1 male, and 9 did not disclose their sex), written between 2008 and 2014...
October 2016: Midwifery
Lu Li, Dan Li, Feng Tian, Jin Cen, Xiaotao Chen, Yuan Ji, Lijian Hui
Borealin, a member of the chromosomal passenger complex, plays a key regulatory role at centromeres and the central spindle during mitosis. Loss of Borealin leads to defective cell proliferation and early embryonic lethality. The in vivo functions of Borealin in mammalian postnatal development, tissue homeostasis, and tumorigenesis remain elusive. We specifically analyzed the role of Borealin in regulating postnatal liver development, damage-induced liver regeneration, and liver carcinogenesis using mice carrying conditional Borealin alleles...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Emma Clossick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Journal of Family Health
Andrea Andrek, Zoltan Kekecs, Eva Hadhazi, Zack Boukydis, Katalin Varga
OBJECTIVE: To explore the factor structure of the Maternal-Fetal Attachment Scale (MFAS) and investigate its psychosocial and demographic correlates in a Hungarian sample. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Sonography clinic in a metropolitan area. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred fourteen women over the age of 18 years in the second or third trimesters of pregnancy. METHODS: Participants completed the Hungarian version of the MFAS and provided information on demographic, socioeconomic, and pregnancy-related factors...
September 2016: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
Dua' Yousef Al-Maharma, Hiba Abujaradeh, Khadejah Fahmi Mahmoud, Reem Ahmad Jarrad
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between maternal grieving for perinatal loss (PL) and the perception of and attachment to children born subsequent to a recent PL among mothers in Jordan. A cross-sectional, descriptive correlational design was used. A convenience sample of 190 mothers of full-term, healthy newborns born subsequent to a recent PL was recruited from seven Maternal and Child Health Care Centers in Jordan. These mothers were assessed using the Perinatal Grief Scale (L.J...
July 2016: Infant Mental Health Journal
Naomi I Gribneau Bahm, Robbie Duschinsky, Erik Hesse
Liotti proposed that interactions during infancy with a parent suffering unresolved loss could lead to vulnerabilities to altered states of consciousness. Hesse and van IJzendoorn provided initial support for Liotti's hypothesis, finding elevated scores on Tellegen's Absorption Scale - a normative form of dissociation - for undergraduates reporting that their parents had experienced the loss of family members within two years of their birth. Here, we replicated the above findings in a large undergraduate sample (N = 927)...
October 2016: Attachment & Human Development
K Wou, Y Hyun, D Chitayat, M Vlasschaert, K Chong, S Wasim, S Keating, P Shannon, E Kolomietz
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of a laboratory protocol for direct genetic analysis performed on tissues obtained from miscarriages, stillbirth and postnatal death. METHODS: Samples were collected between July 1st, 2011 and June 30th, 2014. QF-PCR analysis was the initial test followed by aCGH analysis performed on the normal QF-PCR specimens. RESULTS: Of the 1195 submitted specimens, a total of 1071 samples were confirmed as true fetal...
August 2016: European Journal of Medical Genetics
M Sereshti, F Nahidi, M Simbar, M Bakhtiari, F Zayeri
INTRODUCTION & PURPOSE: Perinatal loss is one of the toughest events of life. Physiological milk secretion after perinatal loss adds to complicacy of the hardships of the event. The present study is aimed at exploring women's experience with breast problems and milk leakage after perinatal loss. METHODS: The Study was carried out through explorative quality approach with 18 participants. Sampling method was purposeful and selecting the participants from widest variety was ensured...
2016: Global Journal of Health Science
R Illia, R Leveque, H Mayer, M de Anchorena, M Uranga Imaz, D Habich
In the group of 35 patients with cerclage, intermediate fetal mortality was reduced from 37.1% to 0 (p < 0.001); late fetal mortality rate from 8.5% to 2.8% (p = 0.606); prematurity from 65.7% to 5.7% (p < 0.001); newborn underweight from 11.4% to 5.7% (p = 0.671); newborns with very low weight from 34.2% to 0 (p < 0.001) and the abortion rate from 8.5% to 0 ( p  < 0.001). In the group of 19 patients without buckling, intermediate fetal mortality was reduced from 26.3% to 10...
April 19, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Rachel M Diamond, Rosmarie E Roose
The purpose of this program evaluation was to understand the perspectives of peer parents and parents receiving support within a peer support program for perinatal bereavement at a midsized hospital within the midwestern United States. To document participants' perceptions of the program, a focus group was conducted with peer parents, and surveys were completed by both peer parents and parents receiving support. In this article we review our model of a peer support program for perinatal bereavement and report on parents' evaluation of the program...
April 2016: Nursing for Women's Health
Manije Sereshti, Fateme Nahidi, Masomeh Simbar, Fazlollah Ahmadi, Maryam Bakhtiari, Farid Zayeri
INTRODUCTION: Perinatal loss is one of the most stressful life events that parents and caregivers experience. Providing an empathetic, caring environment to support mothers who experience perinatal loss is necessary. The aim of this study was to assess mothers' perception of the quality of services received from health centers after perinatal loss. METHODS: This study was conducted in 2014-2015 using qualitative content analysis. Participants in the study were 40 women with a history of miscarriage, stillbirth, or neonatal death who live in Tehran and Shahrekord, Iran...
February 2016: Electronic Physician
Jennifer E Johnson, Ann Back Price, Jennifer Chienwen Kao, Karen Fernandes, Robert Stout, Robyn L Gobin, Caron Zlotnick
This randomized controlled pilot trial examined the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of an adapted interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) for major depressive disorder (MDD) following perinatal loss (miscarriage, stillbirth, or early neonatal death). Fifty women who experienced a perinatal loss within the past 18 months, whose current depressive episode onset occurred during or after the loss, were randomized to the group IPT adapted for perinatal loss (the Group IPT for Major Depression Following Perinatal Loss manual developed for this study is available at no cost by contacting either of the first two authors) or to the group Coping with Depression (CWD), a cognitive behavioral treatment which did not focus on perinatal loss nor social support...
October 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
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