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Lncrna glucose

Gang Chen, Dongsheng Yu, Xue Nian, Junyi Liu, Ronald J Koenig, Bin Xu, Liang Sheng
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), the most common form of chronic liver disease, manifests as an over-accumulation of hepatic fat. We have recently shown that mice with genetic knockout of a long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) steroid receptor RNA activator (SRA) (SRAKO) are resistant to high fat diet-induced obesity with a phenotype that includes improved glucose tolerance and attenuated hepatic steatosis. The underlying mechanism was investigated in the present study. We found that hepatic levels of SRA and adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL), a major hepatic triacylglycerol (TAG) hydrolase, were inversely regulated by fasting in mice, and the expression of liver ATGL was induced by SRAKO under normal and high fat diet (HFD) feeding...
October 19, 2016: Scientific Reports
Atsuko Miki, Josephine Galipon, Satoshi Sawai, Toshifumi Inada, Kunihiro Ohta
Antisense RNA has emerged as a crucial regulator of opposite-strand protein-coding genes in the long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) category, but little is known about their dynamics and decay process in the context of a stress response. Antisense transcripts from the fission yeast fbp1 locus (fbp1-as) are expressed in glucose-rich conditions and anticorrelated with transcription of metabolic stress-induced lncRNA (mlonRNA) and mRNA on the sense strand during glucose starvation. Here, we investigate the localization and decay of antisense RNAs at fbp1 and other loci, and propose a model to explain the rapid switch between antisense and sense mlonRNA/mRNA transcription triggered by glucose starvation...
October 10, 2016: Genes to Cells: Devoted to Molecular & Cellular Mechanisms
Boran Cao, Ning Liu, Wenbo Wang
BACKGROUND: High glucose (HG) often induces unfavorable effects on proliferation and differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). This study aimed to explore potential molecular pathways underlying HG functional mechanism during osteogenic differentiation of MSCs, involving lncRNA AK028326 and CXCL13. METHODS: Murine bone marrow-derived MSCs were cultured in osteogenic-inducing medium supplemented with high glucose level at 25mM or 5.5mM as normal control. Expression levels of lncRNA AK028326 and CXCL13 were measured by using real-time PCR...
September 28, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Mitsuo Kato, Mei Wang, Zhuo Chen, Kirti Bhatt, Hyung Jung Oh, Linda Lanting, Supriya Deshpande, Ye Jia, Jennifer Y C Lai, Christopher L O'Connor, YiFan Wu, Jeffrey B Hodgin, Robert G Nelson, Markus Bitzer, Rama Natarajan
It is important to find better treatments for diabetic nephropathy (DN), a debilitating renal complication. Targeting early features of DN, including renal extracellular matrix accumulation (ECM) and glomerular hypertrophy, can prevent disease progression. Here we show that a megacluster of nearly 40 microRNAs and their host long non-coding RNA transcript (lnc-MGC) are coordinately increased in the glomeruli of mouse models of DN, and mesangial cells treated with transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF- β1) or high glucose...
2016: Nature Communications
Xiaomin Liu, Lijing Hou, Weiwei Huang, Yuan Gao, Xin Lv, Jiyou Tang
OBJECTIVE: lncRNAs are recently thought to play a significant role in cellular homeostasis during pathological process of diseases by competing inhibiting miRNA function. The aim of present study was to assess the function of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) MEG3 and its functional interaction with microRNA-181b in cerebral ischemic infarct of mice and hypoxia-induced neurons apoptosis. METHODS: To address this question, we performed the experiments with in vivo middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) mice model and in vitro oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD)-cultured neuronal HT22 cell line...
2016: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
Jose P Silva, Guerline Lambert, Derek van Booven, Claes Wahlestedt
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological and animal studies have reported that prenatal nicotine exposure (PNE) leads to obesity and type-2 diabetes in offspring. Central leptin-melanocortin signaling via hypothalamic arcuate proopiomelanocortin (POMC) neurons is crucial for the regulation of energy and glucose balance. Furthermore, hypothalamic POMC neurons were recently found to mediate the anorectic effects of nicotine through activation of acetylcholine receptors. Here, we hypothesized that PNE impairs leptin-melanocortinergic regulation of energy balance in first-generation offspring by altering expression of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) putatively regulating development and/or function of hypothalamic POMC neurons...
2016: Genome Medicine
Zhen Wei Zou, Charlie Ma, Lorraine Medoro, Lili Chen, Bin Wang, Roohi Gupta, Ting Liu, Xian Zi Yang, Tian Tian Chen, Ruo Zhen Wang, Wen Jie Zhang, Pin Dong Li
Long noncoding RNAs play a vital role in diverse biological processes such as embryonic development, cell growth, and tumorigenesis. In this study, we report that LncRNA ANRIL, which encodes a 3834-nt RNA that contains 19 exons at the antisense orientation of the INK4B-ARF-INK4A gene cluster, generally up-regulated in nasopharyngeal carcinoma [1]. In a cohort of 88 NPC patients, ANRIL was highly expressed in advanced-stage cancer. Multivariate analyses revealed that ANRIL expression could serve as an independent predictor of overall survival (P = 0...
August 20, 2016: Oncotarget
Hong Xu, Changle Liu, Shenqiang Rao, Luling He, Tengling Zhang, Shanshan Sun, Bing Wu, Lifang Zou, Shouyu Wang, Yun Xue, Tianyu Jia, Shanhong Zhao, Guilin Li, Shuangmei Liu, Guodong Li, Shangdong Liang
Diabetic cardiac autonomic neuropathy (DCAN) is a serious and common complication in diabetes mellitus (DM). Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs), an important class of regulatory molecules in diverse biological processes, have attracted considerable interest in DCAN. Our previous study has indicated a lncRNA, NONRATT021972 (NONCODE ID), was enhanced in sympathetic neuronal-like PC12 cells in the setting of high glucose (HG) and high FFAs (HF); its silence was found to significantly alleviate HGHF-induced tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) release in PC12 cells...
August 5, 2016: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
Krishna K Singh, Laura-Eve Mantella, Yi Pan, Adrian Quan, Sandra Sabongui, Paul Sandhu, Hwee Teoh, Mohammed Al-Omran, Subodh Verma
Hyperglycemia-related endothelial dysfunction is believed to be the crux of diabetes-associated micro- and macro-vascular complications. We conducted a systematic transcriptional survey to screen for human endothelial long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) regulated by elevated glucose levels. lncRNAs and protein-coding transcripts from human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) cultured under high (25 mmol/L) or normal (5 mmol/L) glucose conditions for 24 h were profiled with the Arraystar Human LncRNA Expression Microarray V3...
September 2016: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
Rui-Pei Chen, Zhen-Lun Huang, Li-Xuan Liu, Meng-Qi Xiang, Guo-Ping Li, Jia-Lin Feng, Bin Liu, Ling-Fei Wu
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play important roles in diverse biological processes. Although downregulation of lncRNA maternally expressed gene 3 (MEG3) has been identified in several types of cancers, little is known concerning its biological role and regulatory mechanism in hepatoma. Our previous studies demonstrated that MEG3 induces apoptosis in a p53-dependent manner. The aim of the present study was to determine whether endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is involved in MEG3‑induced apoptosis. Recombinant lentiviral vectors containing MEG3 (Lv‑MEG3) were constructed and transfected into HepG2 cells...
September 2016: Oncology Reports
Dongdong Yang, Linchong Sun, Zhaoyong Li, Ping Gao
Since the description of the Warburg effect 90 years ago, metabolic reprogramming has been gradually recognized as a major hallmark of cancer cells. Mounting evidence now indicates that cancer is a kind of metabolic disease, quite distinct from conventional perception. While metabolic alterations in cancer cells have been extensively observed in glucose, lipid, and amino acid metabolisms, its underlying regulatory mechanisms are still poorly understood. Noncoding RNA, also known as the "dark matter in life," functions through various mechanisms at RNA level regulating different biological pathways...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Xinghui Sun, Danny Wong
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) represent an important class of non-coding RNAs that plays key roles in regulating the expression of genes in health and disease. Accumulating genetic, experimental, and epidemiological studies highlight a growing list of lncRNAs that control glucose homeostasis and diabetic pathologies and complications. Through interactions with chromatin, RNA, and protein, lncRNAs modulate chromatin modification, mRNA stability, microRNA activity, and the function of proteins such as transcription factors...
2016: American Journal of Cardiovascular Disease
Zhi-Qin Li, Xin-Yu Gu, Jin-Xing Hu, Yu Ping, Hua Li, Jing-Ya Yan, Juan Li, Ran Sun, Zu-Jing Yu, Yi Zhang
It has been suggested that Hepatitis C virus (HCV) core protein is associated with metabolic disorders of liver cell. However, the precise mechanism is still unclear. The aim of the present study was to explore the impact of HCV core protein on hepatocyte metabolism by HepG2 and the possible involvement of long non-coding (lnc) RNAs in this process. The effect of HCV core protein on lncRNAs expression was examined with quantitative RT-PCR (qRT-PCR). Manipulation of HVC core protein and lncRNA HOTAIR was to evaluate the role of interaction between them on cell metabolism-related gene expression and cellular metabolism...
July 2016: Bioscience Reports
Guilin Li, Lifang Zou, Wei Xie, Shiyao Wen, Qiuyu Xie, Yun Gao, Changshui Xu, Hong Xu, Shuangmei Liu, Shouyu Wang, Yun Xue, Bing Wu, Qiulan Lv, Mofeng Ying, Xi Zhang, Shangdong Liang
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) participates in signal transmission by acting on P2X receptors, and the P2X7 receptor is involved in the pathophysiological changes of ischemic injury. The PC12 cell line is a popular model system to study sympathetic neuronal function. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are highly expressed in the nervous system and serve as regulatory RNAs. In this study, the effects of NONRATT021972 lncRNA siRNA on P2X7-mediated PC12 neuronal injury after exposure to oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) were investigated...
September 2016: Purinergic Signalling
Q Xu, F Deng, Z Xing, Z Wu, B Cen, S Xu, Z Zhao, R Nepomuceno, M I H Bhuiyan, D Sun, Q J Wang, A Ji
Increasing evidence has demonstrated a significant role of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in diverse biological processes. However, their functions in cerebral ischemia remain largely unknown. Through an lncRNA array analysis in a rat model of focal cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R), we have identified CAMK2D-associated transcript 1 (C2dat1) as a novel I/R-induced lncRNA that regulated the expression of CaMKIIδ in murine models of focal cerebral ischemia. C2dat1 mRNA was upregulated in a time-dependent manner in mouse cortical penumbra after focal ischemic brain injury, which was accompanied by increased expression of CaMKIIδ at transcript and protein levels...
2016: Cell Death & Disease
Naomichi Takemata, Arisa Oda, Takatomi Yamada, Josephine Galipon, Tomoichiro Miyoshi, Yutaka Suzuki, Sumio Sugano, Charles S Hoffman, Kouji Hirota, Kunihiro Ohta
It has been postulated that a myriad of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) contribute to gene regulation. In fission yeast, glucose starvation triggers lncRNA transcription across promoter regions of stress-responsive genes including fbp1 (fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase1). At the fbp1 promoter, this transcription promotes chromatin remodeling and fbp1 mRNA expression. Here, we demonstrate that such upstream noncoding transcription facilitates promoter association of the stress-responsive transcriptional activator Atf1 at the sites of transcription, leading to activation of the downstream stress genes...
June 20, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
Luis Arnes, Ildem Akerman, Dina A Balderes, Jorge Ferrer, Lori Sussel
Pancreatic β cells are responsible for maintaining glucose homeostasis; their absence or malfunction results in diabetes mellitus. Although there is evidence that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play important roles in development and disease, none have been investigated in vivo in the context of pancreas development. In this study, we demonstrate that βlinc1 (β-cell long intergenic noncoding RNA 1), a conserved lncRNA, is necessary for the specification and function of insulin-producing β cells through the coordinated regulation of a number of islet-specific transcription factors located in the genomic vicinity of βlinc1...
March 1, 2016: Genes & Development
Xiangbo Ruan, Ping Li, Andrew Cangelosi, Ling Yang, Haiming Cao
Glucose levels in mammals are tightly controlled through multiple mechanisms to meet systemic energy demands. Downregulation of hepatic glucokinase (GCK) during fasting facilitates the transition of the liver from a glucose-consuming to a gluconeogenic organ. Here, we report the transcriptional regulation of hepatic GCK by a long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) named liver GCK repressor (lncLGR). lncLGR is induced by fasting, and physiological overexpression of lncLGR to mimic fasting levels effectively suppresses GCK expression and reduces hepatic glycogen content in mice...
March 1, 2016: Cell Reports
Hong Xu, Luling He, Changle Liu, Lan Tang, Yonghu Xu, Mengqi Xiong, Mei Yang, Yongfang Fan, Fangfang Hu, Xingzi Liu, Lu Ding, Yun Gao, Changshui Xu, Guilin Li, Shuangmei Liu, Bing Wu, Lifang Zou, Shangdong Liang
Diabetic neuropathy (DNP) is a frequent chronic complication of diabetes mellitus with potentially life-threatening outcomes. High glucose and elevated free fatty acids (FFAs) have been recently recognized as major causes of nervous system damage in diabetes. Our previous study has indicated extracellular stimuli, such as high glucose and/or FFA stress, may activate the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway and induce a p38 MAPK-dependent sensitization of the P2X7 receptor and release of inflammatory factors in PC12 cells, while the mechanisms underlying remain to be elucidated...
June 2016: Purinergic Signalling
Gui-Zhen Qiu, Wei Tian, Hai-Tao Fu, Chao-Peng Li, Ban Liu
Microvascular dysfunction is an important characteristic of diabetic retinopathy. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play important roles in diverse biological processes. In this study, we investigated the role of lncRNA-MEG3 in diabetes-related microvascular dysfunction. We show that MEG3 expression level is significantly down-regulated in the retinas of STZ-induced diabetic mice, and endothelial cells upon high glucose and oxidative stress. MEG3 knockdown aggravates retinal vessel dysfunction in vivo, as shown by serious capillary degeneration, and increased microvascular leakage and inflammation...
February 26, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
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