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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668024/nutrition-considerations-after-nicu-discharge
#1
Taylor Peters, Cecelia Pompeii-Wolfe
Preterm infants are at high nutrition risk during neonatal intensive care and well after discharge. Nutrition care should be individualized and provided by a multidisciplinary team including a dietitian. Breast milk, the gold standard for feeding, may not meet the increased needs of preterm infants and may require fortification or supplementation. Decisions regarding formula choice and calorie concentration can also be challenging and require individualization based on growth, intake, and individual need. Developmental milestones should be considered during the initation of complementary food...
April 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667877/practices-and-values-regarding-milk-consumption-among-pre-schoolers-in-bangkok
#2
Jomkwan Yothasamut, Laura Camfield, Michael Pfeil
PURPOSE: Thai government agencies and the business sector have been promoting milk consumption. Considering the robust and continual movements by those actors to promote milk consumption among children in Thailand at the national level, this study aims to investigate milk-consumption practices and values towards milk consumption at pre-school, family and individual levels. METHODS: This cross-sectional qualitative study employs observation and interview methods, along with the Ecological System Theory as a framework...
December 2018: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667662/camel-milk-attenuates-methotrexate-induced-kidney-injury-via-activation-of-pi3k-akt-enos-signaling-and-intervention-with-oxidative-aberrations
#3
Hany H Arab, Samir A Salama, Ibrahim A Maghrabi
Methotrexate (MTX) is a classical chemotherapeutic agent with nephrotoxicity as the most disturbing adverse effect. So far, its underlying molecular mechanisms, particularly PI3K/Akt/eNOS transduction, are inadequately explored. Several antioxidant modalities have been characterized to ameliorate MTX-induced renal injury. In this regard, Camel milk (CM) is a natural product with recognized antioxidant and anti-inflammatory features. Thus, the current study aimed to investigate the potential ameliorating effects of CM in MTX-induced kidney injury in rats...
April 18, 2018: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667575/a-cluster-of-two-human-cases-of-tick-borne-encephalitis-tbe-transmitted-by-unpasteurised-goat-milk-and-cheese-in-germany-may-2016
#4
S O Brockmann, R Oehme, T Buckenmaier, M Beer, A Jeffery-Smith, M Spannenkrebs, S Haag-Milz, C Wagner-Wiening, C Schlegel, J Fritz, S Zange, M Bestehorn, A Lindau, D Hoffmann, S Tiberi, U Mackenstedt, G Dobler
In May 2016, two cases of tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) were confirmed by serology (positive IgM and IgG antibodies against TBE virus (TBEV) in serum), with a possible link to raw milk and cheese from a goat farm in a region in Baden-Württemberg, Germany not previously known as TBE-endemic. The outbreak investigation identified 32 consumers of goat dairy products (29 consumers, one farm employee, two owners) of whom none had IgM antibodies against TBEV 3-8 weeks after consumption. Of the 27 notified TBE cases in the State, none reported consumption of raw goat milk or cheese from the suspected farm...
April 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667561/comparative-in-vitro-efficacy-of-kefir-produced-from-camel-goat-ewe-and-cow-milk-on-haemonchus-contortus
#5
D Alimi, M Rekik, H Akkari
One of the great challenges of veterinary parasitology is the search for alternative methods for controlling gastrointestinal parasites in small ruminants. Milk kefir is a traditional source of probiotic, with great therapeutic potential. The objective of this study was to investigate the anthelmintic effects of kefir on the abomasal nematode Haemonchus contortus from sheep. The study used camel, goat, ewe and cow milk as a starting material, to produce camel, goat, cow and ewe milk kefir. All kefirs showed a significant concentration-dependent effect on H...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Helminthology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666965/antimetastatic-effect-of-liposomal-recombinant-lactaptin
#6
V I Kaledin, O A Koval, E V Kuligina, E L Lushnikova, V P Nikolin, N A Popova, I A Pyshnaya, V A Richter
Antimetastatic effect of the liposomal form of recombinant lactaptin RL2 (a proteolytic fragment of human breast milk κ-casein; 8.6 kDa) was studied in A/Sn mice after intravenous transplantation of GA-1 tumor with high rate of liver metastases. Tumor growth in the liver was found in all mice. In animals dying early, the tumors were presented by multiple nodes of about the same size; in mice dying later, the tumors in the liver were presented by just few large nodes formed by cells that survived chemotherapy...
April 17, 2018: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666620/the-impact-of-the-antimicrobial-compounds-produced-by-lactic-acid-bacteria-on-the-growth-performance-of-mycobacterium-avium-subsp-paratuberculosis
#7
Petr Kralik, Vladimir Babak, Radka Dziedzinska
Cell-free supernatants (CFSs) extracted from various lactic acid bacteria (LAB) cultures were applied to Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) cells to determine their effect on MAP viability. In addition, 5% lactic acid (LA; pH 3) and commercially synthetized nisin bacteriocin were also tested. This procedure was chosen in order to mimic the influence of LAB compounds during the production and storage of fermented milk products, which can be contaminated by MAP. Its presence in milk and milk products is of public concern due to the possible ingestion of MAP by consumers and the discussed role of MAP in Crohn's disease...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666547/use-of-urea-polyacrylamide-electrophoresis-for-discrimination-of-a1-and-a2-beta-casein-variants-in-raw-cow-s-milk
#8
Miguel Angel Duarte-Vázquez, Carlos Raúl García-Ugalde, Blanca Erika Álvarez, Laura Mariana Villegas, Blanca Estela García-Almendárez, Jorge Luis Rosado, Carlos Regalado
Beta-casein (BC) in cow's milk occurs in several genetic variants, where BC A1 (BCA1) and BC A2 (BCA2) are the most frequent. This work deals with a method based on modified polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis using urea PAGE to discriminate BCA1 and BCA2 variants from Holstein Friesian (HF) and genetically selected Jersey A2/A2 (JA2) cow's milk. Two well defined bands were obtained from BC fraction of HF milk, while that of JA2 showed a single band. Proteins from these bands were sequenced by HPLC-quadrupole linear ion trap/mass spectrometry, resulting in BCA1 and BCA2 separation from the BC fraction of HF milk, whereas BCA2 was the only constituent of JA2 fraction...
May 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666519/effect-of-composition-and-storage-time-on-some-physico-chemical-and-rheological-properties-of-probiotic-soy-cheese-spread
#9
Saroj Kumar Giri, Manoj Kumar Tripathi, Nachiket Kotwaliwale
Probiotic soy-cheese spread was prepared by fermenting soymilk with specific probiotic starter culture, and there after processing the coagulated mass. Soy cheese spread samples had more than 109  cfu/g of viable probiotic count at the time of preparation; and had around 17.6% protein, 25.3% fat and 19.8% total soluble sugar. Compared to commercially available dairy cheese spread, probiotic soy cheese spread had significantly higher protein and anti-oxidant activity. Soy cheese spreads, prepared from pure soymilk as well as by mixing with dairy milk, were studied with respect to the differences in their rheological behavior during storage at refrigerated conditions...
May 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666517/effect-of-culture-levels-ultrafiltered-retentate-addition-total-solid-levels-and-heat-treatments-on-quality-improvement-of-buffalo-milk-plain-set-yoghurt
#10
Vijesh Yadav, Vijay Kumar Gupta, Ganga Sahay Meena
Studied the effect of culture (2, 2.5 and 3%), ultrafiltered (UF) retentate addition (0, 11, 18%), total milk solids (13, 13.50, 14%) and heat treatments (80 and 85 °C/30 min) on the change in pH and titratable acidity (TA), sensory scores and rheological parameters of yoghurt. With 3% culture levels, the required TA (0.90% LA) was achieved in minimum 6 h incubation. With an increase in UF retentate addition, there was observed a highly significant decrease in overall acceptability, body and texture and colour and appearance scores, but there was highly significant increase in rheological parameters of yoghurt samples...
May 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665814/herd-level-seroprevalence-of-fasciola-hepatica-and-ostertagia-ostertagi-infection-in-dairy-cattle-population-in-the-central-and-northeastern-poland
#11
Sławomir J Kowalczyk, Michał Czopowicz, Corinna N Weber, Elisabeth Müller, Tomasz Nalbert, Andrzej Bereznowski, Jarosław Kaba
BACKGROUND: Fasciola hepatica and Ostertagia ostertagi infections are widespread in cattle population of Europe, however data on their prevalence in Poland are only fragmentary. Therefore, the cross-sectional study was carried out to determine the herd-level seroprevalence of F. hepatica and O. ostertagi infection in dairy cattle population in the central and north-eastern provinces Poland, and to identify basic local risk factors for these infections. In total, 598 herds were enrolled, 394 (65...
April 17, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665730/comparative-assessment-and-suitability-of-iron-and-the-nutritional-composition-of-fortified-foods-for-young-children
#12
Majed M AbuKhader
AIM: To assess the suitability of iron content and the nutritional benefits of selected fortified food products marketed for 4-8 year old children in Oman. METHODS: Forty-five fortified foods, which are available in Omani markets, were classified into four groups based on food type and composition: ready-to-eat (RTE) breakfast cereals (two groups), malted milk drinks and milk powder formulas. The nutrition panel displayed on the products' outer package was used as a source of content values for iron and other nutrients...
January 1, 2018: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665547/lead-and-cadmium-levels-in-raw-bovine-milk-and-dietary-risk-assessment-in-areas-near-petroleum-extraction-industries
#13
Reza Norouzirad, Jose-Ramiro González-Montaña, Felipe Martínez-Pastor, Hedayat Hosseini, Ali Shahrouzian, Mehdi Khabazkhoob, Fardin Ali Malayeri, Haniyeh Moallem Bandani, Mohsen Paknejad, Behrouz Foroughi-Nia, Atefeh Fooladi Moghaddam
Oil fields are a source of heavy metal pollution, but few studies have evaluated its impact on the intake of these contaminants through milk, an important food especially for children. From February 2015 to 2016, 118 samples of raw cow's milk, 14 of fodder and 8 of water in Southwest Iran were collected from farms close to oil fields or related industries. Lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) levels were evaluated by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry. Mean±SE in milk and fodder were 47.0±3.9 and 54.0±6...
April 14, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664912/metatranscriptome-analysis-of-the-microbial-fermentation-of-dietary-milk-proteins-in-the-murine-gut
#14
Floor Hugenholtz, Mark Davids, Jessica Schwarz, Michael Müller, Daniel Tomé, Peter Schaap, Guido J E J Hooiveld, Hauke Smidt, Michiel Kleerebezem
Undigestible food ingredients are converted by the microbiota into a large range of metabolites, predominated by short chain fatty acids (SCFA). These microbial metabolites are subsequently available for absorption by the host mucosa and can serve as an energy source. Amino acids fermentation by the microbiota expands the spectrum of fermentation end-products beyond acetate, propionate and butyrate, to include in particular branched-SCFA. Here the long-term effects of high protein-diets on microbial community composition and functionality in mice were analyzed...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664211/a-comparison-of-approaches-for-simultaneous-inference-of-fixed-effects-for-multiple-outcomes-using-linear-mixed-models
#15
Signe M Jensen, Christian Ritz
Longitudinal studies with multiple outcomes often pose challenges for the statistical analysis. A joint model including all outcomes has the advantage of incorporating the simultaneous behavior but is often difficult to fit due to computational challenges. We consider 2 alternative approaches to quantify and assess the loss in efficiency as compared with joint modelling when evaluating fixed effects. The first approach is pairwise fitting of pseudolikelihood functions for pairs of outcomes. The second approach recovers correlations between parameter estimates across multiple marginal linear mixed models...
April 17, 2018: Statistics in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663394/polymorphism-in-ovine-anxa9-gene-and-physic-chemical-properties-and-the-fraction-of-protein-in-milk
#16
Ewa Pecka-Kiełb, Ewa Czerniawska-Piątkowska, Inga Kowalewska-Łuczak, Milan Vasil
BACKGROUND: Annexin A9 (ANXA9) is a specific fatty acid transport protein. ANXA9 gene is expressed in various tissues, including secretory tissue and mammary glands. The association between three SNPs of the ANXA9 gene and sheep's milk compositions was assessed. RESULTS: Genotype analysis was performed with the use of PCR-RFLP method. The studied ANXA9 polymorphisms had the following MAF (Major Allele Frequency): SNP1: allele G 0,66; SNP2: allele G 0,54; SNP3: allele C 0,57...
April 16, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663376/dairy-product-consumption-and-risk-of-colorectal-cancer-in-an-older-mediterranean-population-at-high-cardiovascular-risk
#17
Laura Barrubés, Nancy Babio, Guillermo Mena-Sánchez, Estefania Toledo, Judith B Ramírez-Sabio, Ramón Estruch, Emilio Ros, Montserrat Fitó, Fernando Arós, Miquel Fiol, José Manuel Santos-Lozano, Lluís Serra-Majem, Xavier Pintó, Miguel Ángel Martínez-González, José Vicente Sorlí, Josep Basora, Jordi Salas-Salvadó
Prospective studies have reported an inverse association between the consumption of total dairy products and milk and the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). Nonetheless, there is little and inconsistent evidence regarding subtypes of dairy product and CRC risk. We assessed the associations between the consumption of total dairy products, their different subtypes and CRC risk in older Mediterranean individuals at high cardiovascular risk. We analyzed data from 7216 men and women (55-80 years) without CRC at baseline from the PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea study...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663020/the-self-association-and-thermal-denaturation-of-caprine-and-bovine-%C3%AE-lactoglobulin
#18
Jennifer M Crowther, Jane R Allison, Grant A Smolenski, Alison J Hodgkinson, Geoffrey B Jameson, Renwick C J Dobson
Milk components, such as proteins and lipids, have different physicochemical properties depending upon the mammalian species from which they come. Understanding the different responses of these milks to digestion, processing, and differences in their immunogenicity requires detailed knowledge of these physicochemical properties. Here we report on the oligomeric state of β-lactoglobulin from caprine milk, the most abundant protein present in the whey fraction. At pH 2.5 caprine β-lactoglobulin is predominantly monomeric, whereas bovine β-lactoglobulin exists in a monomer-dimer equilibrium at the same protein concentrations...
April 16, 2018: European Biophysics Journal: EBJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661239/neonatal-care-practices-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review-of-quantitative-and-qualitative-data
#19
REVIEW
Margaret Bee, Anushree Shiroor, Zelee Hill
BACKGROUND: Recommended immediate newborn care practices include thermal care (immediate drying and wrapping, skin-to-skin contact after delivery, delayed bathing), hygienic cord care and early initiation of breastfeeding. This paper systematically reviews quantitative and qualitative data from sub-Saharan Africa on the prevalence of key immediate newborn care practices and the factors that influence them. METHODS: Studies were identified by searching relevant databases and websites, contacting national and international academics and implementers and hand-searching reference lists of included articles...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661192/policosanol-composition-antioxidant-and-anti-arthritic-activities-of-milk-thistle-silybium-marianum-l-oil-at-different-seed-maturity-stages
#20
Saoussem Harrabi, Azza Ferchichi, Asma Bacheli, Hayet Fellah
BACKGROUND: Several anti-arthritic drugs and synthetic antioxidants have wide pharmaceutical uses and are often associated with various side effects on the human health. Dietary seed oils and their minor components like policosanol may offer an effective alternative treatment for arthritic and oxidative-stress related diseases. The biological effects of seed oils were affected by different parameters such as the stage of seed maturity. Hence, this study seeks to determine the policosanol content, antioxidant and anti-arthritic activities of milk thistle (Silybium marianum L...
April 16, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
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