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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232668/revised-reference-values-for-the-intake-of-sodium-and-chloride
#1
Daniela Strohm, Angela Bechthold, Sabine Ellinger, Eva Leschik-Bonnet, Peter Stehle, Helmut Heseker
BACKGROUND: In January 2017, the nutrition societies of -Germany, Austria and Switzerland revised the reference values for sodium and chloride intake. METHODS: For adults, the estimated value for sodium intake was derived on the basis of a balance study. The estimated values for children and adolescents were extrapolated from this estimated value considering differences in body mass. For infants aged 0 to under 4 months, an estimated value was set based on the sodium intake via breast milk...
December 12, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232646/determination-of-uv-filters-in-human-breast-milk-using-turbulent-flow-chromatography-and-babies-daily-intake-estimation
#2
Daniel Molins-Delgado, María Del Mar Olmo-Campos, Gemma Valeta-Juan, Vanessa Pleguezuelos-Hernández, Damià Barceló, M Silvia Díaz-Cruz
UV filters (UV-Fs) are a group of hormonally active chemical compounds used to protect against the deleterious effects of UVA and UVB solar radiation, which are currently present in most consumer goods (personal care products, plastics, fabrics, paints, etc). Last years the concern about these emerging contaminants has been on the rise, and increasing efforts are being taken in order to properly asses the hazard that the exposure to these compounds in the early stages of life may pose. In this study, a new method for the analysis of 11 UV-Fs residues in human breast milk samples has been developed...
December 9, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232610/electrospun-polydimethylsiloxane-polyacrylonitrile-titanium-dioxide-nanofibers-as-a-new-coating-for-determination-of-alpha-linolenic-acid-in-milk-by-direct-immersion-solid-phase-nanoextraction
#3
Sahar Sadeghi, Afsaneh Mollahosseini
In this study, polydimethylsiloxane/polyacrylonitrile/titanium dioxide (PDMS/PAN/TiO2) nanofibers were synthesized via electrospinning method to extract and quantify alpha-linolenic acid (ALA, C18:3), as a model analyte, in milk by direct immersion-solid phase nanoextraction (DI-SPNE) with gas chromatography-flame ionization detector (GC-FID). The affecting factors on the electrospinning process such as, PDMS concentration, amount of TiO2 nanoparticles (NPs), voltage, and electrospinning distance were optimized using Taguchi's orthogonal design...
December 9, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232282/selected-food-herb-drug-interactions-mechanisms-and-clinical-relevance
#4
Cecilia N Amadi, Amaka A Mgbahurike
BACKGROUND: Food/Herb-drug interactions have become a major problem in health care. These interactions can lead to loss of therapeutic efficacy or toxic effects of drugs. AREAS OF UNCERTAINTY: To probe the clinical relevance of such interactions, the impact of food/herb intake on the clinical effects of drug administration has to be evaluated. Failure to identify and efficiently manage food-drug interactions can lead to serious consequences. A comprehensive knowledge of the mechanisms that underpin variability in disposition will help optimize therapy...
November 22, 2017: American Journal of Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232176/molecular-characterization-of-cronobacter-sakazakii-in-egypt-survival-and-thermoresistance-at-different-temperatures-a-potential-public-health-risk
#5
Maysa A I Awadallah, Heba A Ahmed, Abdallah M A Merwad, Rasha M M Abou Elez, Karem M A Saleh
Cronobacter sakazakii has been implicated in causing serious infections in neonates due to consumption of contaminated infant powdered milk. The zoonotic potential of the organism was not clear due to scarce evidence about the role of food animals in the transmission of infection. C. sakazakii was identified in infant powdered milk (n = 100), infant stool (n = 100), and dairy animal feces (n = 100) with the percentages of 1%, 2%, and 4%, respectively. The outer membrane protein A (ompA) gene was characterized in all isolates of different origin, while gene encoding for zinc-metaloprotease (zpx) was only identified in isolates from animal feces...
December 12, 2017: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232072/child-nutrition-programs-flexibilities-for-milk-whole-grains-and-sodium-requirements-interim-final-rule
#6
(no author information available yet)
This interim final rule extends through school year 2018-2019 three menu planning flexibilities currently available to many Child Nutrition Program operators, giving them near-term certainty about Program requirements and more local control to serve nutritious and appealing meals to millions of children nationwide. These flexibilities include: Providing operators the option to offer flavored, low-fat (1 percent fat) milk in the Child Nutrition Programs; extending the State agencies' option to allow individual school food authorities to include grains that are not whole grain-rich in the weekly menu offered under the National School Lunch Program (NSLP) and School Breakfast Program (SBP); and retaining Sodium Target 1 in the NSLP and SBP...
November 30, 2017: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231547/-effects-of-electroacupuncture-at-acupoints-with-different-nerve-segments-on-gastric-emptying-in-ot-gene-knockout-mice
#7
Weiwei Liu, Chao Zhang, Yukai Zhang, Jiongjie Ning, Jiangshan Li
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) at acupoints with different nerve segments on gastric emptying in oxytocin (OT) gene knockout mice, and to explore the role of paraventricular nucleus OT in EA regulating gastric function. METHODS: Twenty OT knockout mice and twenty wild-type mice (8-9 weeks old, male and female in half) were divided into a control group, a Zusanli (ST 36) group, a Neiguan (PC 6) group and a Weishu (BL 21) group randomly, 5 mice in each group...
July 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231165/polyvalent-immunoglobulins-with-vitamin-d3-and-vitamin-b12-in-the-treatment-of-sjogren-s-syndrome-in-a-vegetarian-with-stomatitis-glossodynia-xerostomia-and-elevated-antinuclear-antibodies-case-report%C3%A2
#8
Clemens Cuny, Barbara Vaerst, Jennis Gabrielpillai, Aykut Tahtali, Sven Balster, Reinhard Lissner, Barry G Woodcock
BACKGROUND: Sjogren's syndrome, involving sicca symptoms with xerostomia, stomatitis, and considerable pain is a difficult-to-treat autoimmune disease where the treatment options are limited and, as in the case of methotrexate, have a low therapeutic index. CASE REPORT: This case report concerns a male patient, aged 75 years and vegetarian, with Sjogren's syndrome subsequently confirmed by salivary gland biopsy. Serum antinuclear antibodies (ANA) were elevated (1 : 320)...
December 12, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230830/in-vitro-bioaccessibility-of-individual-carotenoids-from-persimmon-diospyros-kaki-cv-rojo-brillante-used-as-an-ingredient-in-a-model-dairy-food
#9
Tomás García-Cayuela, Beatriz Nuño Escobar, Jorge Welti-Chanes, M Pilar Cano
BACKGROUND: Addition of persimmon fruit, which is highly rich in carotenoids, to dairy products represents an alternative to obtain functional foods. However, carotenoid bioaccessibility is strongly influenced by fat content and food composition. That is why in vitro bioaccessibility of individual carotenoids was evaluated in persimmon-based dairy products formulated with whole (3.6 % fat) or skimmed milk (0.25% fat) and different freeze-dried persimmon tissues. RESULTS: Unambiguous identification of 7 xanthophylls (neoxanthin, violaxanthin, antheraxanthin, lutein, zeaxanthin, lutein epoxide and β-cryptoxanthin) and 3 hydrocarbon carotenes (α-carotene, β-carotene and lycopene) was achieved using high perfomance liquid chromatography with a reverse phase C-30...
December 11, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230345/new-trends-for-the-evaluation-of-heat-treatments-of-milk
#10
REVIEW
Mena Ritota, Maria Gabriella Di Costanzo, Maria Mattera, Pamela Manzi
Milk is generally very rich in nutrients and this may lead it to be an ideal growth environment for many microorganisms, including pathogens, so effective measurements aiming to ensure total microbiological safety of milk and minimize the risk to human health are needed. Milk heat treatments are the most common practices carried out to inhibit the microbial growth; therefore it is necessary to have analytical procedures that are more and more up-to-date and capable of detecting the effectiveness of the heat treatments...
2017: Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230020/snp-co-association-and-network-analyses-identify-e2f3-kdm5a-and-bach2-as-key-regulators-of-the-bovine-milk-fatty-acid-profile
#11
Sara Pegolo, Christos Dadousis, Núria Mach, Yuliaxis Ramayo-Caldas, Marcello Mele, Giuseppe Conte, Stefano Schiavon, Giovanni Bittante, Alessio Cecchinato
The fatty acid (FA) profile has a considerable impact on the nutritional and technological quality of milk and dairy products. The molecular mechanism underlying the regulation of fat metabolism in bovine mammary gland have been not completely elucidated. We conducted genome-wide association studies (GWAS) across 65 milk FAs and fat percentage in 1,152 Brown Swiss cows. In total, we identified 175 significant single nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs) spanning all chromosomes. Pathway analyses revealed that 12:0 was associated with the greatest number of overrepresented categories/pathways (e...
December 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229955/effect-of-whole-milk-compared-with-skimmed-milk-on-fasting-blood-lipids-in-healthy-adults-a-3-week-randomized-crossover-study
#12
Sara Engel, Mie Elhauge, Tine Tholstrup
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Dietary guidelines have for decades recommended choosing low-fat dairy products due to the high content of saturated fat in dairy known to increase blood concentration of LDL cholesterol. However, meta-analyses including observational studies show no association between overall dairy intake and risk of cardiovascular disease and even point to an inverse association with type 2 diabetes. The objective was to compare the effects of whole milk (3.5% fat) with skimmed milk (0...
December 11, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229915/skeletal-fluorosis-in-relation-to-drinking-water-in-rural-areas-of-west-azerbaijan-iran
#13
Ali Akbar Mohammadi, Mahmood Yousefi, Mehdi Yaseri, Mohsen Jalilzadeh, Amir Hossein Mahvi
Skeletal fluorosis resulting from high fluoride level in drinking water is a major public health problem. The present study evaluated the association between exposures to drinking water fluoride and skeletal fluorosis in 5 villages of Poldasht County, Iran. All the data and information on the prevalence of bone diseases were obtained from the Health Record Department, Poldasht Health Centre. To obtain the odds ratio of bone disease problem in different risk factors, when considering the cluster effect of rural area, logistic regression in a multilevel model was used...
December 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229528/palmitoyl-ceramide-promotes-milk-sphingomyelin-gel-phase-domains-formation-and-affects-the-mechanical-properties-of-the-fluid-phase-in-milk-sm-dopc-supported-membranes
#14
Appala Venkata Ramana Murthy, Fanny Guyomarc'h, Christelle Lopez
Ceramides are minor structural components of membranes involved in biological functions. In the milk fat globule membrane (MFGM), ceramides are susceptible to affect the lateral packing of polar lipids, especially the milk sphingomyelin (MSM). To investigate this, palmitoylceramide (PCer) was added to MSM/DOPC (dioleoylphosphatidylcholine) in order to form hydrated lipid bilayers. Differential scanning calorimetry evidenced interactions of PCer with the MSM in the solid-ordered phase to form MSM/PCer structures with a higher thermostability than MSM...
December 8, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228958/sero-prevalence-risk-factors-and-distribution-of-sheep-and-goat-pox-in-amhara-region-ethiopia
#15
Tsegaw Fentie, Nigusie Fenta, Samson Leta, Wassie Molla, Birhanu Ayele, Yechale Teshome, Seleshe Nigatu, Ashenafi Assefa
BACKGROUND: Sheep pox and goat pox are contagious viral diseases of sheep and goats, respectively. The diseases result in substantial economic losses due to decreased milk and meat production, damage to hides and wool, and possible trade restriction. A study was undertaken in Amhara region of Ethiopia. A cross-sectional study design was used to estimate the sero-prevalence and identify associated risk factors, while retrospective study design was used to assess the temporal and spatial distribution of the disease...
December 11, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228792/silymarin-olibanum-and-nettle-a-mixed-herbal-formulation-in-the-treatment-of-type-ii-diabetes-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#16
Nahid Khalili, Reza Fereydoonzadeh, Reza Mohtashami, Saeed Mehrzadi, Mojtaba Heydari, Hasan Fallah Huseini
Silybum marianum (L) Gaertn (milk thistle) seeds, Urtica dioica L (nettle) leaves, and Boswellia serrata (olibanum gum) resin are used traditionally by Iranian diabetic patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antihyperglycemic effects of these herbs in an herbal formulation in patients with type II diabetes mellitus. Sixty patients diagnosed as type II diabetes mellitus with fasting blood glucose level from 150 to 180 mg/dL, glycosylated hemoglobin level from 7.5% to 8.5%, and on oral antihyperglycemic drugs, were allocated to receive the mix herbal formulation or placebo for 90 days in a double-blind randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228670/lncrna-as-cernas-may-be-involved-in-lactation-process
#17
Shuai Yu, Yong Zhao, Fangnong Lai, Meiqiang Chu, Yanan Hao, Yanni Feng, Hongfu Zhang, Jing Liu, Ming Cheng, Lan Li, Wei Shen, Lingjiang Min
The main function of the mammary gland is to secret milk for newborn growth. Milk production process is regulated by hormones, growth factors, noncoding RNAs and other factors locally. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), one type of recently discovered non-coding RNA, have been found in mammary gland and some studies suggested lncRNA may play important roles in mammary gland development. Competing endogenous RNAs (ceRNAs) are emerging to compete for miRNA binding and, in turn, regulate each other. In the current study, we sequenced mRNA, miRNA and lncRNA in goat mammary tissue at 2 points in lactation (early and mature)...
November 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228605/a-case-control-study-on-risk-factors-of-breast-cancer-in-han-chinese-women
#18
Li-Yuan Liu, Fei Wang, Shu-De Cui, Fu-Guo Tian, Zhi-Min Fan, Cui-Zhi Geng, Xu-Chen Cao, Zhen-Lin Yang, Xiang Wang, Hong Liang, Shu Wang, Hong-Chuan Jiang, Xue-Ning Duan, Hai-Bo Wang, Guo-Lou Li, Qi-Tang Wang, Jian-Guo Zhang, Feng Jin, Jin-Hai Tang, Liang Li, Shi-Guang Zhu, Wen-Shu Zuo, Li-Xiang Yu, Yu-Juan Xiang, Fei Zhou, Liang Li, Qiang Zhang, Qin-Ye Fu, Zhong-Bing Ma, De-Zong Gao, Yu-Yang Li, Lu Liu, Chun-Miao Ye, Yong-Jiu Wang, Wen-Zhong Zhou, Zhi-Gang Yu
This study aimed to investigate risk factors associated with breast cancer among Han Chinese women in northern and eastern China. A matched case-control study involving 1489 patients with breast cancer and 1489 controls was conducted across 21 hospitals in 11 provinces in China, from April 2012 to April 2013. We developed a structured questionnaire to record information from face-to-face interviews with participants. Student's t-tests, Pearson's chi-square tests, and univariate and multivariate conditional logistic regression analyses were used to identify variables with significant differences between the case and control groups...
November 14, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228160/effect-of-financial-incentives-on-breastfeeding-a-cluster-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Clare Relton, Mark Strong, Kate J Thomas, Barbara Whelan, Stephen J Walters, Julia Burrows, Elaine Scott, Petter Viksveen, Maxine Johnson, Helen Baston, Julia Fox-Rushby, Nana Anokye, Darren Umney, Mary J Renfrew
Importance: Although breastfeeding has a positive effect on an infant's health and development, the prevalence is low in many communities. The effect of financial incentives to improve breastfeeding prevalence is unknown. Objective: To assess the effect of an area-level financial incentive for breastfeeding on breastfeeding prevalence at 6 to 8 weeks post partum. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Nourishing Start for Health (NOSH) trial, a cluster randomized trial with 6 to 8 weeks follow-up, was conducted between April 1, 2015 and March 31, 2016, in 92 electoral ward areas in England with baseline breastfeeding prevalence at 6 to 8 weeks post partum less than 40%...
December 11, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227533/functional-magnetic-nanoparticles-for-highly-efficient-cholesterol-removal
#20
Jun Sun, Bin Xu, Yaoyao Mu, Haile Ma, Wenjuan Qu
In this study, magnetic nanoparticles functionalized with carboxylated β-cyclodextrin (CM-β-CD; referred to Fe3 O4 @CM-β-CD) were synthesized and used for the efficient removal of cholesterol from milk and egg yolk via host-guest interactions. The results of Fourier-transform infrared, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and thermogravimetric analysis indicated that the CM-β-CD was successfully conjugated to the surface of Fe3 O4 , and the amount of CM-β-CD attached on Fe3 O4 @CM-β-CD was determined to be 9...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Food Science
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