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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471523/liver-transcriptomic-and-plasma-metabolomic-profiles-of-fattening-lambs-are-modified-by-feed-restriction-during-the-suckling-period
#1
A Santos, F J Giráldez, E Trevisi, L Lucini, J Frutos, S Andrés
The increasing world population is driving demand for improved efficiency of feed resources of livestock. However, the molecular mechanisms behind various feed efficiency traits and their regulation by nutrition remain poorly understood. Here we aimed to identify differentially expressed (DE) genes in the liver tissues of fattening Merino lambs and differences in metabolites accumulated in plasma to identify modified metabolic pathways as a consequence of milk restriction during the suckling period. Twenty-four male Merino lambs (4...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471511/sexual-dimorphism-in-the-behavioral-responses-and-the-immunoendocrine-status-in-d-galactose-induced-aging
#2
Raquel Baeta-Corral, Rafael Castro-Fuentes, Lydia Giménez-Llort
For almost twenty years, chronic systemic D-galactose, a monosaccharide abundantly present in milk products, fruits and vegetables, has been used as a tool to achieve models of accelerated aging. Its neurotoxicity, induced by abnormal accumulation of ROS and AGEs, has been widely reported. However, behavioral outcomes are still controversial and little is known about sex-dependent vulnerability. We performed a comprehensive behavioral and multi-functional screening of the chronic effects of low (50 mg/kg) and high (100 mg/kg) doses of D-galactose in 6-month-old male and female gold-standard C57BL/6 mice...
February 19, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471469/effect-of-lemon-leaves-on-energy-and-c-n-balances-methane-emission-and-milk-performance-in-murciano-granadina-dairy-goats
#3
C Fernández, J V Marti, I Pérez-Baena, J L Palomares, C Ibáñez, J V Segarra
The objective of this experiment was to find out the effect of lemon leaves on energy and C-N balances, methane emission, and milk performance in dairy goats. Lemon leaves were used to replace alfalfa as forage in a diet for Murciano-Granadina goats. Ten Murciano-Granadina dairy goats (44.1 ± 4.47 kg of BW) in late lactation (185 ± 7.2 d) were selected in a crossover design experiment, where each goat received two treatments in 2 periods. One group was fed a mixed ration with 450 g of pelleted alfalfa/kg of DM (ALF diet) and, the other group replaced alfalfa with 450 g of pelleted lemon leaves/kg DM (LEM diet)...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471398/reducing-body-weight-loss-during-lactation-in-sows-a-meta-analysis-on-the-use-of-a-non-starch-polysaccharide-hydrolysing-enzyme-supplement
#4
P Cozannet, P G Lawlor, P Leterme, E Devillard, P A Geraert, F Rouffineau, A Preynat
A meta-analysis was performed on 8 trials, which included a total of 992 parity 1 to 8 lactating sows, to evaluate the effects of feeding xylanase which is the main enzyme activity present in the enzymatic complex (Rovabio® Excel, Adisseo, France) supplement throughout lactation on the following sow performance factors: body weight loss, feed intake, backfat depth and piglet growth. Even a short period of enzyme supplementation during lactation led to a reduction in body weight loss of approximately 3 kg per sow (P = 0...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471392/effects-of-fermentation-on-the-hemolytic-activity-and-degradation-of-camellia-oleifera-saponins-by-lactobacillus-crustorum-and-bacillus-subtilis
#5
Bingjun Qian, Lirong Yin, Xiaomin Yao, Yaoguang Zhong, Juan Gui, Feifeng Lu, Fuming Zhang, Jianhua Zhang
The saponins, as components of tea seed meal (TSM), are undesirable hemolytic components, and should be degraded for reducing their hemolytic activity in order to be used in animal feed. In this study, β-glucuronidase was verified to be a potent hydrolase of tea seed saponins to reduce their hemolytic activity, and a β-glucuronidase-producing Lactobacillus crustorum (L. crustorum) strain was screened from raw bovine milk. Next, solid-state fermentation with the isolated L. crustorum and a Bacillus subtilis natto strain, which can produce cellulase and hence improve the fermentation performance of tea seed meal, was processed for detoxification of tea seed meal...
February 20, 2018: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471322/whole-body-nitrogen-utilization-and-tissue-protein-and-casein-synthesis-in-lactating-primiparous-sows-fed-low-and-high-protein-diets
#6
Lee-Anne Huber, Marko Rudar, Nathalie L Trottier, John P Cant, Cornelis F M de Lange
Twenty-eight lactating Yorkshire and Yorkshire × Landrace primiparous sows were used to test the hypothesis that feeding a diet with reduced CP concentration and supplemented with crystalline amino acids (CAA) does not decrease milk protein yield and litter growth but improves apparent N utilization for milk protein production. Sows were assigned to 1 of 2 dietary treatments: [1] Control (CON; 16.2% CP; analyzed content) or [2] Low CP with CAA to meet estimated requirements of limiting amino acids (LCP; 12...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471095/proteomic-of-goat-milk-whey-and-its-bacteriostatic-and-antitumour-potential
#7
Gracy K V V Medeiros, Rita C R E Queiroga, Whyara K A Costa, Carlos A A Gadelha, Rodrigo R E Lacerda, José T J G Lacerda, Luciano S Pinto, Elizandra Braganhol, Fernanda C Teixeira, Paula P de S Barbosa, Maria I F Campos, Gregório F Gonçalves, Hilzeth L F Pessôa, Tatiane S Gadelha
Goat whey is normally discarded in the milk processing industry. However, several studies have addressed its biological properties and possible use in human or animal diet. The present study aimed to analysis the protein profile of goat whey to evaluate its possible oxidant, antioxidant, antibacterial, antitumour, and cytotoxic activities in vitro against human erythrocytes. Goat whey was skimmed, and crude protein extract (CPE) was obtained. Next, protein fractions (F) were obtained using ammonium sulphate precipitation method...
February 19, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470691/even-effect-of-milk-protein-and-carbohydrate-intake-but-no-further-effect-of-heavy-resistance-exercise-on-myofibrillar-protein-synthesis-in-older-men
#8
Søren Reitelseder, Kasper Dideriksen, Jakob Agergaard, Nikolaj M Malmgaard-Clausen, Rasmus L Bechshoeft, Rasmus K Petersen, Anja Serena, Ulla R Mikkelsen, Lars Holm
PURPOSE: The responsiveness of older individuals' skeletal muscle to anabolic strategies may be impaired. However, direct comparisons within the same experimental setting are sparse. The aim of this study was to assess the resting and post-resistance exercise muscle protein synthesis rates in response to two types of milk protein and carbohydrate using a unilateral exercise leg model. METHODS: Twenty-seven older (69 ± 1 year, mean ± SE) men were randomly assigned one of three groups: Whey hydrolysate (WH), caseinate (CAS), or carbohydrate (CHO)...
February 22, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470421/phytochemicals-in-human-milk-and-their-potential-antioxidative-protection
#9
REVIEW
Apollinaire Tsopmo
Diets contain secondary plant metabolites commonly referred to as phytochemicals. Many of them are believed to impact human health through various mechanisms, including protection against oxidative stress and inflammation, and decreased risks of developing chronic diseases. For mothers and other people, phytochemical intake occurs through the consumption of foods such as fruits, vegetables, and grains. Research has shown that some these phytochemicals are present in the mother's milk and can contribute to its oxidative stability...
February 22, 2018: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470360/oral-supplementation-with-bovine-colostrum-prevents-septic-shock-and-brain-barrier-disruption-during-bloodstream-infection-in-preterm-newborn-pigs
#10
Anders Brunse, Päivi Worsøe, Susanne Elisabeth Pors, Kerstin Skovgaard, Per Torp Sangild
Preterm infants have increased risk of neonatal sepsis, potentially inducing brain injury, and they may benefit from early initiation of enteral milk feeding. Using preterm pigs as models, we hypothesized that early provision of bovine colostrum to parentally nourished newborns protects against sepsis and neuroinflammation during bloodstream infection. Preterm newborn pigs were administered 10 CFU/kg of intra-arterial Staphylococcus epidermidis (SE, an opportunistic pathogen often causing sepsis in preterm infants), followed by administration of total parenteral nutrition (TPN, SE + TPN, n = 15) or oral provision of bovine colostrum with supplementary parenteral nutrition (SE + COL, n = 14), and compared with uninfected, TPN-nourished controls (CON + TPN, n = 11)...
February 21, 2018: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470288/digested-early-preterm-human-milk-suppresses-tumor-necrosis-factor-induced-inflammation-and-cytotoxicity-in-intestinal-epithelial-cells
#11
Yimin Chen, Aloka Patel, Paula P Meier, Giamila Fantuzzi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of digested whole human milk (HM; first sample available after birth from mothers of premature infants) on inflammation, oxidative stress, and cytotoxicity in Caco-2 human intestinal epithelial cells stimulated with lipopolysaccharides or tumor necrosis factor (TNF) to mimic the potential in vivo insults facing the premature infant's gastrointestinal tract. METHODS: Fully differentiated Caco-2 cells were exposed to digested HM (n = 10; samples from 10 different individuals) before stimulation with lipopolysaccharides, TNF, or no stimulation overnight...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470268/facilitating-early-breast-milk-expression-in-mothers-of-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#12
Leslie Ann Parker, Jacqueline Hoffman, Ashley Darcy-Mahoney
BACKGROUND: Although early initiation of human milk (HM) expression after birth is known to increase lactation success in mothers of very low birthweight (VLBW) infants, initiation is frequently delayed, potentially decreasing both short- and long-term HM production. Obstetrical (OB) nurses are typically the healthcare provider responsible for facilitating the initial HM expression session. As delays in initiation are common, it is likely that nurses experience obstacles to facilitation of an early initiation of HM expression...
March 2018: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470144/the-effect-of-mono-and-diglycerides-on-the-digestion-and-aborption-of-lutein-in-lymph-fistula-rats
#13
Patrick Tso, Mustafa Vurma, Chih-Wei Ko, Dana M Lee, Stephen DeMichele
Breastmilk lutein is better absorbed by infants than lutein delivered in infant formula. Therefore, we wish to better understand the possible absorption differences of lutein in breast milk versus infant formula by determining its bioavailability after gastric administration and whether the intestinal absorption of lutein can be improved by using new delivery vehicles. STUDY ONE compared the intestinal uptake, and the lymphatic and portal transport of lutein in conscious lymph fistula rats. Four groups of lymph and portal vein cannulated rats (n = 8-10/group) were randomized to receive via the gastric tube increasing doses (10,20,40,or 80mg/kg) of 20% lutein in safflower oil (SO) suspension to assess whether there was a saturable level of lutein that can be absorbed and transported in lymph...
February 22, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469986/prevalence-and-duration-of-breast-milk-feeding-in-very-preterm-infants-a-3-year-follow-up-study-and-a-systematic-literature-review
#14
Carina Rodrigues, Raquel Teixeira, Maria João Fonseca, Jennifer Zeitlin, Henrique Barros
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization recommends exclusive breast milk feeding until 6 months and continuing up to 2 years of age; little is known about whether very preterm infants are fed in accordance with these recommendations. We aimed to describe the prevalence and duration of breast milk feeding in very preterm children and to systematically review internationally published data. METHODS: We evaluated breast milk feeding initiation and duration in very preterm children born in 2 Portuguese regions (2011-2012) enrolled in the EPICE cohort and followed-up to the age of 3 (n = 466)...
February 22, 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469929/domperidone-for-increasing-breast-milk-volume-in-mothers-expressing-breast-milk-for-their-preterm-infants-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Luke E Grzeskowiak, Lisa G Smithers, Lisa H Amir, Rosalie M Grivell
BACKGROUND: Mothers of preterm infants often struggle to produce enough breast milk to meet the nutritional needs of their infant. Galactagogues such as domperidone are often prescribed to increase breast milk supply, but evidence supporting their role in clinical practice is uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of domperidone for increasing breast milk volume in mothers expressing breast milk for their preterm infants. SEARCH STRATEGY: Medline, Embase, and Web of Science were searched without language restrictions, from first publication until January 2017...
February 22, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469002/effects-of-chronic-mastitis-and-its-treatment-with-ketoprofen-on-the-milk-ejection-curve
#16
Alfonso Zecconi, Samuele Frosi, Micaela Cipolla, Claudia Gusmara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Journal of Dairy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468998/effect-of-heat-induced-%C3%AE%C2%BA-casein-dissociation-on-acid-coagulation-of-milk
#17
Daiki Oka, Wataru Ono, Shintarou Ohara, Tomohiro Noguchi, Katsumi Takano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Journal of Dairy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468997/investigation-on-the-effectiveness-of-mid-infrared-spectroscopy-to-predict-detailed-mineral-composition-of-bulk-milk
#18
Massimo Malacarne, Giulio Visentin, Andrea Summer, Martino Cassandro, Mauro Penasa, Giuseppe Bolzoni, Giorgio Zanardi, Massimo De Marchi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Journal of Dairy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468993/prediction-of-sheep-milk-chemical-composition-using-milk-yield-ph-electrical-conductivity-and-refractive-index
#19
Athanasios I Gelasakis, Rebecca Giannakou, Georgios E Valergakis, Paschalis Fortomaris, Antonios Kominakis, Georgios Arsenos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Journal of Dairy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468991/characterisation-of-staphylococcus-aureus-strains-isolated-from-mastitis-bovine-milk-in-argentina
#20
Mariela E Srednik, Valentine Usongo, Sarah Lépine, Xavier Janvier, Marie Archambault, Elida R Gentilini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Journal of Dairy Research
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