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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046023/-determination-of-a-new-cow-s-milk-based-formula-allergenic-capacity-in-7-infants
#1
Beatriz Estella López-Marín, Benjamín Rojano, Luz Marina Carvajal-de Pabón
BACKGROUND: Cow's milk protein allergy is the main allergic problem during the first year of life, possibly owing to immune and gastrointestinal systems poor maturation. To prevent allergic reactions, the content and type of proteins in infant formulas resemble those of breast milk. We believe that reactions are due rather to the amount than to the type of protein. OBJECTIVE: To design a new formula with cow's milk that provides the infant with the main nutrients at an affordable cost and with lower risk for the development of allergies...
July 2017: Revista Alergia Mexico: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Mexicana de Alergia e Inmunología, A.C
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045350/donor-human-milk-and-fortifier-use-in-united-states-level-2-3-and-4-neonatal-care-hospitals
#2
Maryanne Tigchelaar Perrin
OBJECTIVE: In 2011 the United States Surgeon General issued a call to action to "identify and address obstacles to greater availability of safe banked donor milk for fragile infants." The purpose of this study is to analyze patterns in donor human milk (DHM) and fortifier use in level 2, 3, and 4 neonatal facilities in 2015 and to identify factors associated with non-use. METHODS: Data from the 2015 Maternity Practices in Infant Nutrition and Care survey, conducted by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, was analyzed for questions about feeding practices within neonatal hospitals...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044897/a-comparison-of-dietary-estimates-from-the-national-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-health-survey-to-food-and-beverage-purchase-data
#3
Emma McMahon, Thomas Wycherley, Kerin O'Dea, Julie Brimblecombe
OBJECTIVE: We compared self-reported dietary intake from the very remote sample of the National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey (VR-NATSINPAS; n=1,363) to one year of food and beverage purchases from 20 very remote Indigenous Australian communities (servicing ∼8,500 individuals). METHODS: Differences in food (% energy from food groups) and nutrients were analysed using t-test with unequal variance. RESULTS: Per-capita energy estimates were not significantly different between the surveys (899 MJ/person/day [95% confidence interval -152,1950] p=0...
October 18, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044610/molecular-improvement-of-alfalfa-for-enhanced-productivity-and-adaptability-in-a-changing-environment
#4
REVIEW
Stacy D Singer, Abdelali Hannoufa, Surya Acharya
Due to an expanding world population and increased buying power, the demand for ruminant products such as meat and milk is expected to grow substantially in coming years and high levels of forage crop production will therefore be a necessity. Unfortunately, urbanization of agricultural land, intensive agricultural practices, and climate change are all predicted to limit crop production in the future, which means that the development of forage cultivars with improved productivity and adaptability will be essential...
October 18, 2017: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042517/control-of-growth-and-gut-maturation-by-hoxd-genes-and-the-associated-lncrna-haglr
#5
Jozsef Zakany, Fabrice Darbellay, Bénédicte Mascrez, Anamaria Necsulea, Denis Duboule
During embryonic development, Hox genes participate in the building of a functional digestive system in metazoans, and genetic conditions involving these genes lead to important, sometimes lethal, growth retardation. Recently, this phenotype was obtained after deletion of Haglr, the Hoxd antisense growth-associated long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) located between Hoxd1 and Hoxd3 In this study, we have analyzed the function of Hoxd genes in delayed growth trajectories by looking at several nested targeted deficiencies of the mouse HoxD cluster...
October 17, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042011/differences-in-innate-and-adaptive-immune-response-traits-of-pahari-indian-non-descript-indigenous-breed-and-jersey-crossbred-cattle
#6
Subhash Verma, Aneesh Thakur, Shailja Katoch, Chander Shekhar, Aasim Habib Wani, Sandeep Kumar, Shweta Dohroo, Geetanjali Singh, Mandeep Sharma
Cattle are an integral part of the largely agrarian economy of India. Indigenous breeds of cattle comprise about 80% of total cattle population of the country and contribute significantly to the overall milk production. There are 40 recognized indigenous breeds of cattle and a number of uncharacterized non-descript cattle. Pahari cattle of Himachal Pradesh in Northern India are one such non-descript indigenous breed. Here we describe a comprehensive evaluation of haematobiochemical parameters and innate and adaptive immune response traits of Pahari cattle and a comparison with Jersey crossbred cattle...
October 2017: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041789/epidemiological-studies-based-on-multi-locus-sequence-typing-genotype-of-methicillin-susceptible-i-staphylococcus-aureus-i-isolated-from-camel-s-milk
#7
Alsagher O Ali, Hassan Y A H Mahmoud
One hundred milk samples were collected from camel's milk for the isolation of Staphylococcus aureus. Thirty-one isolates were S. aureus, 45 were other forms of staphylococci and 24 represented other bacteria. Five isolates from S. aureus were methicillin resistant S. aureus (MRSA) and 26 samples were methicillin susceptible S. aureus (MSSA). The whole genome sequence of S. aureus was annotated and visualised by rapid annotation using subsystem technology (RAST) which is a fully-automated service for annotating complete or nearly complete bacterial genomes...
September 22, 2017: Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040820/systematic-review-of-the-effect-of-enteral-feeding-on-gut-microbiota-in-preterm-infants
#8
Wanli Xu, Michelle Judge, Kendra Maas, Naveed Hussain, Jacqueline M McGrath, Wendy A Henderson, Xiaomei Cong
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of feeding type on microbial patterns among preterm infants and to identify feeding factors that promote the colonization of beneficial bacteria. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Scopus, and the Cummulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature were thoroughly searched for articles published between January 2000 and January 2017, using the keywords gut microbiome, gut microbiota, enteral microbiome, enteral microbiota, premature infant, preterm infant, extremely low birth weight infant, ELBW infant, very low birth weight infant, feeding, breast milk, breastfeeding, formula, prebiotic, probiotic, and long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040000/methionine-induces-lat1-expression-in-dairy-cow-mammary-gland-by-activating-the-mtorc1-signaling-pathway
#9
Xiaoyu Duan, Ye Lin, He Lv, Yang Yang, Hongtao Jiao, Xiaoming Hou
Methionine is the limiting amino acid for milk protein synthesis in dairy cows. The effect of methionine availability on milk protein synthesis is dependent on its active transport into cells through amino acid transporters. L-type amino acid transporter 1 (LAT1), which induces the transport of neutral amino acids, is highly expressed in lactating mammary gland. However, the effect of methionine on LAT1 expression and the mechanism governing this process in dairy cow mammary gland are poorly understood. In this study, we show that treatment of dairy cow mammary epithelial cells with increasing concentrations of methionine for 24 h resulted in increased expression of LAT1 and its associated protein 4F2 heavy chain (4F2hc)...
October 17, 2017: DNA and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039868/inkjet-printed-barcodes-for-a-rapid-and-multiplexed-paper-based-assay-compatible-with-mobile-devices
#10
Mingzhu Yang, Wei Zhang, Wenshu Zheng, Fengjing Cao, Xingyu Jiang
This study reports a simple, rapid, low-cost, robust, and multiplexed barcoded paper-based assay (BPA) compatible with mobile devices. An inkjet printer and an XYZ dispensing platform were used to realize mass-manufacturing of barcoded paper-based analytical devices (BPADs) with high precision and efficiency. We designed a new group of barcodes and developed an application (APP) for the reading of the new code. The new barcodes possess a 16 times higher coding capacity than the standard Codabar code in our experiment on drug residue detection...
October 17, 2017: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039795/milk-intake-at-midlife-and-cognitive-decline-over-20-years-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-aric-study
#11
Natalia Petruski-Ivleva, Anna Kucharska-Newton, Priya Palta, David Couper, Katie Meyer, Misa Graff, Bernhard Haring, Richey Sharrett, Gerardo Heiss
Background: Faster rates of cognitive decline are likely to result in earlier onset of cognitive impairment and dementia. d-galactose, a derivative of lactose, is used in animal studies to induce neurodegeneration. Milk is the primary source of lactose in the human diet, and its effects on cognitive decline have not been fully evaluated. Objective: Assess the association of milk intake with change in cognitive function over 20 years. Methods: A total of 13,751 participants of the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) cohort completed a food frequency questionnaire and three neurocognitive evaluations from 1990 through 2013...
October 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039709/survey-of-veterinary-drug-residues-in-raw-milk-in-hebei-province-china
#12
Rong-Wei Han, Zhong-Na Yu, Tian-Yuan Zhen, Jun Wang
The objective of this study was to investigate the occurrence of veterinary drug residues in raw milk from Hebei, the second-largest dairy production province in the People's Republic of China. A total of 192 raw milk samples were collected from 64 milk stations in seven districts. Twenty-eight veterinary drug residues were analyzed by ultraperformance liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry based on a China National Standard. Raw milk samples with multiple residues of veterinary drugs were not found in the present study...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039349/non-nutritional-use-of-breast-milk
#13
Magdalena Maria Piskorska-Jasiulewicz, Małgorzata Witkowska-Zimny
Mammals milk, in addition to nutrients, contains many biologically active substances including immunoglobulins, growth factors, cytokines, acute phase proteins, and antimicrobial and antiviral proteins. Thanks to its unique composition, for hundreds of years it is used in post-natal care, treatment of wounds, as well as to fight bacterial and viral infections. The discovery of stem cells and HAMLET complex in breast milk resulted in increased interest in human breast milk as a natural medicine. Milk therapy is devoid of side effects, and breast milk banks may serve as a potential source of milk as a drug substance...
October 4, 2017: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039302/oxa-48-and-ctx-m-15-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamases-in-raw-milk-in-lebanon-epidemic-spread-of-dominant-klebsiella-pneumoniae-clones
#14
Mohamad Diab, Monzer Hamze, Richard Bonnet, Estelle Saras, Jean-Yves Madec, Marisa Haenni
Raw milk has recently been reported as a source of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) and carbapenemase genes. We thus investigated the prevalence of ESBL- and carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in raw milk in Lebanon in order to assess the risk of transfer of these bacteria to humans. A high prevalence (30.2 %) of CTX-M-15-producing K. pneumoniae was detected in raw bovine milk. Three main K. pneumoniae clones were identified by PFGE and MLST typing. Southern blot experiments revealed that one of these clones carried the blaCTX-M-15 gene chromosomally...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039296/effect-of-human-milk-formula-with-bovine-colostrum-supplementation-on-bone-mineral-density-in-infant-cynomolgus-macaques
#15
N Tay, Y C Tan, K Chng, C Libedinsky, P Gluckman, J P Buschdorf
Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) is a regulator of human growth during infancy and childhood, known to promote bone and muscle growth as well as lipid accumulation. This study aimed to investigate the effects of formula milk with or without IGF1 supplementation (in the form of pure IGF1 or bovine colostrum) on growth and body composition in infant cynomolgus macaques during the first 6 months of life. Three groups of infants were nursery-reared and received formula milk with or without IGF1 or bovine colostrum supplementation for 4 months, and a fourth group consisting of breast-fed infants was included for comparison (n=6 for each group)...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039278/genetic-correlations-among-milk-yield-morphology-performance-test-traits-and-somatic-cells-in-dual-purpose-rendena-breed
#16
C Sartori, N Guzzo, S Mazza, R Mantovani
Selection in native local breeds needs great carefulness due to the small population size and the risk of inbreeding. Furthermore, most breeds are dual-purpose, and milk and beef attitudes are antagonistic. For preservation purposes functional traits need to be considered. Focusing on the small local Rendena cattle, this study aimed to analyse the genetic correlations among milk, beef and udder health traits and the response to selection predicted under different scenarios. The study considered milk, fat and protein yields (MY), factor scores for udder volume (UV), conformation (UC) and muscularity obtained from type traits scored on primiparous cows, and performance test traits (PT) measured on young bulls at test station: average daily gain, in vivo SEUROP fleshiness, in vivo dressing percentage...
October 17, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038735/enrichment-of-milk-with-magnesium-provides-healthier-and-safer-dairy-products
#17
Noa Ben-Ishay, Hilla Oknin, Doron Steinberg, Zipi Berkovich, Ram Reifen, Moshe Shemesh
Biofilms on the surfaces of milk-processing equipment are often a major source of contamination of dairy products. Members of the genus Bacillus appear to be among the most commonly found bacteria in dairy farms and processing plants. Bacillus species may thrive in dairy farm equipment and in dairy products since they can form robust biofilms during growth within milk. We found that fortification of milk with magnesium mitigated biofilm formation by Bacillus species, and thus could notably reduce dairy product spoilage...
2017: NPJ Biofilms and Microbiomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037693/conducting-polymer-modified-screen-printed-carbon-electrode-coupled-with-magnetic-solid-phase-microextraction-for-determination-of-caffeine
#18
Hayati Filik, Asiye Aslıhan Avan
In the current study, we introduce magnetic solid phase microextraction coupled with electrochemical detection of caffeine. A commercially available disposable screen-printed carbon electrodes modified with poly Alizarin Red S are employed as electrochemical sensors in the detection stage. However, the suitability of magnetic solid phase microextraction for electroanalytical methods such as square wave voltammetry has not been declared. With our optimised conditions in hand, the system response was linearly proportional to the concentration of caffeine in the range of 0...
March 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037692/evaluation-of-sn-2-fatty-acid-composition-in-commercial-infant-formulas-on-the-chinese-market-a-comparative-study-based-on-fat-source-and-stage
#19
Cong Sun, Wei Wei, Hang Su, Xiaoqiang Zou, Xingguo Wang
The sn-2 fatty acid composition of 180 commercial infant, follow-on and growing-up formulas with three fat sources (plant oil, cows' milk and goats' milk) was investigated and compared with mature human milk (MHM). Sn-2 fatty acids in formulas were mostly dependent on fat source and stage. Compared with MHM, all types of formulas contained lower levels of palmitic acid (PA), saturated fatty acid and long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA), and higher levels of oleic acid (OA), linoleic acid (LA) and α-linolenic acid (LNA) at the sn-2 position...
March 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037667/hexafluoroisopropanol-induced-salt-free-catanionic-surfactant-coacervate-extraction-method-for-determination-of-fluoroquinolones-in-milk-samples
#20
Jia Xu, Xiao Li, Cao Li, Jia Chen, Yuxiu Xiao
Coacervation and phase separation were first reported in salt-free catanionic surfactant aqueous systems based on lauric acid (LA) and dodecyltrimethylammonium hydroxide (DTAOH), using hexafluoroisopropanol (HFIP) as a coacervate-inducing agent. The liquid-liquid two-phase separation occurs over a wide of LA/DTAOH molar ratios (78:22-0:100mol/mol) and total surfactant concentrations (5-200mmolL(-1)) upon adding a small amount of HFIP (<10%, v/v). HFIP-induced salt-free LA/DTAOH catanionic surfactant system has much wider two-phase region than HFIP-induced salt-containing sodium laurate/dodecyltrimethylammonium bromide system...
March 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
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