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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037377/thermographic-imaging-in-sports-and-exercise-medicine-a-delphi-study-and-consensus-statement-on-the-measurement-of-human-skin-temperature
#1
REVIEW
Danilo Gomes Moreira, Joseph T Costello, Ciro J Brito, Jakub G Adamczyk, Kurt Ammer, Aaron J E Bach, Carlos M A Costa, Clare Eglin, Alex A Fernandes, Ismael Fernández-Cuevas, José J A Ferreira, Damiano Formenti, Damien Fournet, George Havenith, Kevin Howell, Anna Jung, Glen P Kenny, Eleazar S Kolosovas-Machuca, Matthew J Maley, Arcangelo Merla, David D Pascoe, Jose I Priego Quesada, Robert G Schwartz, Adérito R D Seixas, James Selfe, Boris G Vainer, Manuel Sillero-Quintana
The importance of using infrared thermography (IRT) to assess skin temperature (tsk) is increasing in clinical settings. Recently, its use has been increasing in sports and exercise medicine; however, no consensus guideline exists to address the methods for collecting data in such situations. The aim of this study was to develop a checklist for the collection of tsk using IRT in sports and exercise medicine. We carried out a Delphi study to set a checklist based on consensus agreement from leading experts in the field...
October 2017: Journal of Thermal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035578/load-monitoring-variables-in-training-and-competition-situations-a-systematic-review-applied-to-wheelchair-sports
#2
Mário A M Simim, Marco Túlio de Mello, Bruno V C Silva, Dayane F Rodrigues, João Paulo P Rosa, Bruno Pena Couto, Andressa da Silva
The aim of this review was to identify the main variables for load monitoring in training and competition situations in wheelchair sports. Studies were identified from a systematic search of three databases (PubMed, Web of Science, and SportDiscuss), with search phrases constructed from MeSH terms, alone or in combination, limited to English-language literature, and published up to January 2016. Our main findings were that variables related to external load (distance, speed, and duration) are used to monitor load in competition...
October 16, 2017: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023280/corrective-exercises-improve-movement-efficiency-and-sensorimotor-function-but-not-fatigue-sensitivity-in-chronic-ankle-instability-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Sajad Bagherian, Nader Rahnama, Erik A Wikstrom
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of corrective exercises on functional movement patterns, sensorimotor function, self-reported function, and fatigue sensitivity in collegiate athletes with chronic ankle instability (CAI). DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Laboratory of sports sciences. PARTICIPANTS: Forty male volunteers were randomly assigned to the experimental group (age 21.2 ± 1.7 years, height 174...
October 6, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019089/exercise-and-the-cortisol-awakening-response-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Travis Anderson, Laurie Wideman
BACKGROUND: The cortisol awakening response (CAR) has been used as a biomarker of stress response in a multitude of psychological investigations. While a myriad of biochemical responses have been proposed to monitor responses to exercise training, the use of CAR within the exercise and sports sciences is currently limited and is a potentially underutilized variable. Therefore, the purpose of this review was to collate studies that incorporate both exercise and CAR, in an effort to better understand (a) whether CAR is a useful marker for monitoring exercise stress and (b) how CAR may be most appropriately used in future research...
October 10, 2017: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016194/outcomes-after-operative-and-nonoperative-treatment-of-proximal-hamstring-avulsions-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Blake M Bodendorfer, Andrew J Curley, Joshua A Kotler, James M Ryan, Neha S Jejurikar, Anagha Kumar, William F Postma
BACKGROUND: No meta-analysis has compared outcomes of operative and nonoperative proximal hamstring avulsion treatment. PURPOSE: To compare outcomes of operative and nonoperative proximal hamstring avulsion treatment, including acute, chronic, partial, and complete repairs. STUDY DESIGN: Meta-analysis. METHODS: PubMed, CINAHL, SPORTdiscus, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, and Web of Science were searched up to July 2016. Three authors screened the studies and performed quality assessment using criteria from the Methodologic Index for Nonrandomized Studies...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987069/is-zebrafish-danio-rerio-a-tool-for-human-like-metabolism-study
#6
Carina de Souza Anselmo, Vinicius Figueiredo Sardela, Bernardo Fonseca Matias, Amanda Reis de Carvalho, Valeria Pereira de Sousa, Henrique Marcelo Gualberto Pereira, Francisco Radler de Aquino Neto
One of the greatest challenges in anti-doping science is the large number of substances available and the difficulty in finding the best analytical targets for detecting their misuse. Therefore, metabolism studies involving prohibited substances are fundamental. However, metabolism studies in humans could face an important ethical bottleneck, especially for non-approved substances. An emerging model for metabolism assessment is the zebrafish, due to its genetic similarities with humans. In the present study, the ability of adult zebrafish to produce metabolites of sibutramine and stanozolol, substances with well-known metabolism that are widely used as doping agents in sports, was evaluated...
October 7, 2017: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977134/exergames-as-a-tool-for-the-acquisition-and-development-of-motor-skills-and-abilities-a-systematic-review
#7
Pâmella de Medeiros, Renata Capistrano, Marcela Almeida Zequinão, Siomara Aparecida da Silva, Thais Silva Beltrame, Fernando Luiz Cardoso
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the literature on the effectiveness of exergames in physical education classes and in the acquisition and development of motor skills and abilities. DATA SOURCE: The analyses were carried out by two independent evaluators, limited to English and Portuguese, in four databases: Web of Science, Science Direct, Scopus and PubMed, without restrictions related with year. The keywords used were: "Exergames and motor learning and motor skill" and "Exergames and motor skill and physical education"...
September 21, 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975240/research-gaps-and-controversies-in-chronic-traumatic-encephalopathy-a-review
#8
REVIEW
Breton M Asken, Molly J Sullan, Steven T DeKosky, Michael S Jaffee, Russell M Bauer
Importance: Scientific and lay interest in negative outcomes associated with exposure to repetitive brain trauma (RBT) continues to strengthen. Concerns about the association between RBT and dementia began more than a century ago, but have resurfaced in the last decade with the more recently described chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). Chronic traumatic encephalopathy is a tauopathy associated with RBT that has become inextricably linked to conversations about sport-related concussion and mild traumatic brain injury...
October 1, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970200/wearable-physiological-systems-and-technologies-for-metabolic-monitoring
#9
Wei Gao, George A Brooks, David C Klonoff
Wearable sensors allow continuous monitoring of metabolites for diabetes, sports medicine, exercise science, and physiology research. These sensors can continuously detect target analytes in skin interstitial fluid (ISF), tears, saliva, and sweat. In this review, we will summarize developments on wearable devices and their potential applications in research, clinical practice, and recreational and sporting activities. Sampling skin ISF can require insertion of a needle into the skin, whereas sweat, tears, and saliva can be sampled by devices worn outside the body...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966380/management-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-what-s-in-and-what-s-out
#10
Benjamin Todd Raines, Emily Naclerio, Seth L Sherman
Sports medicine physicians have a keen clinical and research interest in the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). The biomechanical, biologic, and clinical data researchers generate, help drive injury management and prevention practices globally. The current concepts in ACL injury and surgery are being shaped by technological advances, expansion in basic science research, resurging interest in ACL preservation, and expanding efforts regarding injury prevention. As new methods are being developed in this field, the primary goal of safely improving patient outcomes will be a unifying principle...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945713/how-do-you-find-a-nursing-identity-within-a-family-legacy
#11
Elaine Mahon

My earliest memories of family dinners include conversations shared by my parents about patient catheters or diseases, entertaining patient anecdotes, and the relationship between nurses and doctors. As I grew up, my two older sisters added their own stories from their clinical nursing experiences. My mother has a doctorate of nursing science, my father is physician board certified in internal medicine and geriatrics, and both of my older sisters are nurses pursuing graduate degrees. My family has never been one to talk about sports or business; we always talked health and disease...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944923/-corrigendum-nonsense-mediated-mrna-decay-factor-upf2-exists-in-both-the-nucleoplasm-and-the-cytoplasm
#12
Takanori Tatsuno, Yuka Nakamura, Shaofu Ma, Naohisa Tomosugi, Yasuhito Ishigaki
Following the publication of this article, after having re-examined our manuscript, an error was noted in the Acknowledgments section regarding the funding of our study. The Acknowledgments section should have appeared as follows: "This work was supported by grants from the Kanazawa Medical University (nos. C2014-3, C2015-1 and S2014-15), a grant from the Strategic Research Project (no. H2012-16 [S1201022]) from Kanazawa Medical University, Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan (KAKENHI no...
September 25, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937955/military-blast-injury-and-chronic-neurodegeneration-research-presentations-from-the-2015-international-state-of-the-science-meeting
#13
Denes Agoston, Peethambaran Arun, Patrick Bellgowan, Steven Broglio, Robert Cantu, David Cook, Uade Olaghere da Silva, Dara Dickstein, Gregory Elder, Elizabeth Fudge, Sam Gandy, Jessica Gill, John F Glenn, Raj K Gupta, Sidney Hinds, Stuart Hoffman, Theresa Lattimore, Alexander Lin, Kun Ping Lu, Joseph Maroon, David Okonkwo, Daniel Perl, Meghan Robinson, Charles Rosen, Douglas Smith
Blast-related traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a signature injury of recent military conflicts, leading to increased Department of Defense (DoD) interest in its potential long-term effects, such as chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). The DoD Blast Injury Research Program Coordinating Office convened the 2015 International State-of-the-Science Meeting to discuss the existing evidence regarding a causal relationship between TBI and CTE. Over the course of the meeting, experts across government, academia, and the sports community presented cutting edge research on the unique pathological characteristics of blast-related TBI, blast-related neurodegenerative mechanisms, risk factors for CTE, potential biomarkers for CTE, and treatment strategies for chronic neurodegeneration...
September 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937953/the-biological-basis-of-chronic-traumatic-encephalopathy-following-blast-injury-a-literature-review
#14
Matt Aldag, Regina C Armstrong, Faris Bandak, Patrick S F Bellgowan, Timothy Bentley, Sean Biggerstaff, Katrina Caravelli, Joan Cmarik, Alicia Crowder, Thomas J DeGraba, Travis A Dittmer, Richard G Ellenbogen, Colin Greene, Raj K Gupta, Ramona Hicks, Stuart Hoffman, Robert C Latta, Michael J Leggieri, Donald Marion, Robert Mazzoli, Michael McCrea, John O'Donnell, Mark Packer, James B Petro, Todd E Rasmussen, Wendy Sammons-Jackson, Richard Shoge, Victoria Tepe, Ladd A Tremaine, James Zheng
The United States Department of Defense Blast Injury Research Program Coordinating Office organized the 2015 International State-of-the-Science meeting to explore links between blast-related head injury and the development of chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). Before the meeting, the planning committee examined articles published between 2005 and October 2015 and prepared this literature review, which summarized broadly CTE research and addressed questions about the pathophysiological basis of CTE and its relationship to blast- and nonblast-related head injury...
September 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925889/physical-activity-does-it-really-increase-bone-density-in-postmenopausal-women-a-review-of-articles-published-between-2001-2016
#15
Daria Segev, Devora Hellerstein, Ayelet Dunsky
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is known for its many health benefits, among them the positive effect on bone health during the life cycle. During childhood, physical stress stimulates bone remodeling and increases density. However, due to hormonal changes during adulthood, and mainly during postmenopause the rate of bone remodeling is slowed and is less efficient. As a result, argument has arisen in the literature regarding the benefit or harm of physical activity on bone health among postmenopausal women...
September 18, 2017: Current Aging Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922063/individual-calibration-of-accelerometers-in-children-and-their-health-related-implications
#16
Lynne M Boddy, Conor Cunningham, Stuart J Fairclough, Marie H Murphy, Gavin Breslin, Lawrence Foweather, Rebecca M Dagger, Lee E F Graves, Nicola D Hopkins, Gareth Stratton
This study compared children's physical activity (PA) levels, the prevalence of children meeting current guidelines of ≥60 minutes of daily moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA), and PA-health associations using individually calibrated (IC) and empirical accelerometer cutpoints. Data from 75 (n = 32 boys) 10-12 year old children were included in this study. Clustered cardiometabolic (CM) risk, directly measured cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), anthropometric and 7 day accelerometer data were included within analysis...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918464/what-s-next-in-complex-networks-capturing-the-concept-of-attacking-play-in-invasive-team-sports
#17
REVIEW
João Ramos, Rui J Lopes, Duarte Araújo
The evolution of performance analysis within sports sciences is tied to technology development and practitioner demands. However, how individual and collective patterns self-organize and interact in invasive team sports remains elusive. Social network analysis has been recently proposed to resolve some aspects of this problem, and has proven successful in capturing collective features resulting from the interactions between team members as well as a powerful communication tool. Despite these advances, some fundamental team sports concepts such as an attacking play have not been properly captured by the more common applications of social network analysis to team sports performance...
September 16, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914147/attitudes-toward-euthanasia-among-turkish-university-students
#18
Gulsen Ulas Karaahmetoglu, Nesibe Sumeyye Kutahyalioglu
This study aims to examine perceptions and attitudes toward euthanasia among university students who are pursuing bachelor's degrees. Although the legalization and application of euthanasia are discussed commonly by health-care professionals and partially by lawyers, the ideas of other segments of society, especially university students, are taken place very rarely. The research was conducted descriptively to determine the ideas of 1,170 students at Kastamonu University from six different departments: arts and sciences, theology, tourism, nursing, school of physical education, and sports with using a questionnaire...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900350/influence-of-physical-activity-and-interest-for-food-and-sciences-versus-weight-disorders-in-children-aged-8-to-18-years
#19
REVIEW
A Faik, E Vanderhulst, I Rossem, D Devroey
INTRODUCTION: Being overweight and obesity are a growing problem and are often related to a lack of physical activity among younger people. This study aims to describe the prevalence of weight disorders in Belgian schoolchildren. Secondly, this study examines the association between physical activity, weight disorders and the interest in food and sciences. METHODS: We examined 525 children aged between 8 and 18 years old, who attended the Brussels Food Fair or the Belgian Science Day in 2013...
June 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894427/hypernetworks-reveal-compound-variables-that-capture-cooperative-and-competitive-interactions-in-a-soccer-match
#20
João Ramos, Rui J Lopes, Pedro Marques, Duarte Araújo
The combination of sports sciences theorization and social networks analysis (SNA) has offered useful new insights for addressing team behavior. However, SNA typically represents the dynamics of team behavior during a match in dyadic interactions and in a single cumulative snapshot. This study aims to overcome these limitations by using hypernetworks to describe illustrative cases of team behavior dynamics at various other levels of analyses. Hypernetworks simultaneously access cooperative and competitive interactions between teammates and opponents across space and time during a match...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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