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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926369/the-effectiveness-of-resisted-sled-training-rst-for-sprint-performance-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Pedro E Alcaraz, Jorge Carlos-Vivas, Bruno O Oponjuru, Alejandro Martínez-Rodríguez
BACKGROUND: Sprinting is key in the development and final results of competitions in a range of sport disciplines, both individual (e.g., athletics) and team sports. Resisted sled training (RST) might provide an effective training method to improve sprinting, in both the acceleration and the maximum-velocity phases. However, substantial discrepancies exist in the literature regarding the influence of training status and sled load prescription in relation to the specific components of sprint performance to be developed and the phase of sprint...
June 20, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914863/analysis-of-the-features-important-for-the-effectiveness-of-physical-activity-related-apps-for-recreational-sports-expert-panel-approach
#2
Joan Dallinga, Mark Janssen, Jet van der Werf, Ruben Walravens, Steven Vos, Marije Deutekom
BACKGROUND: A large number of people participate in individual or unorganized sports on a recreational level. Furthermore, many participants drop out because of injury or lowered motivation. Potentially, physical activity-related apps could motivate people during sport participation and help them to follow and maintain a healthy active lifestyle. It remains unclear what the quality of running, cycling, and walking apps is and how it can be assessed. Quality of these apps was defined as having a positive influence on participation in recreational sports...
June 18, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910447/current-research-and-statistical-practices-in-sport-science-and-a-need-for-change
#3
Jake R Bernards, Kimitake Sato, G Gregory Haff, Caleb D Bazyler
Current research ideologies in sport science allow for the possibility of investigators producing statistically significant results to help fit the outcome into a predetermined theory. Additionally, under the current Neyman-Pearson statistical structure, some argue that null hypothesis significant testing (NHST) under the frequentist approach is flawed, regardless. For example, a p-value is unable to measure the probability that the studied hypothesis is true, unable to measure the size of an effect or the importance of a result, and unable to provide a good measure of evidence regarding a model or hypothesis...
November 15, 2017: Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904508/students-tackle-quantitative-literacy-in-their-science-communication-with-real-world-football-activity
#4
Jacob J Adler
Undergraduate introductory biology students struggle when communicating quantitative data. This activity provides students with a real-world research experience to improve their quantitative literacy in science communication. Students were provided with a national sports media report that described a professional football athlete requiring 9,000 calories daily. Students were then asked to determine whether, based on their own research and calculations, the reporter had correctly calculated the total calories coming from the reported foods...
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902127/the-influence-of-fatigue-on-decision-making-in-athletes-a-systematic-review
#5
Thomas Gus Almonroeder, Sarah Marie Tighe, Taylor Matthew Miller, Christopher Ray Lanning
A potential challenge associated with sports is that athletes must often perform the cognitive processing associated with decision-making (i.e., movement selection) when fatigued. The purpose of this systematic review was to summarise studies that have analysed the extent to which fatigue influences the effects of decision-making on lower extremity mechanics during execution of common sports manoeuvres. We specifically focused on mechanics associated with ACL injury risk. Reviewers searched the PubMed, SPORTDiscus, CINAHL and Web of Science databases...
June 14, 2018: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900235/data-concerning-the-psychometric-properties-of-the-profile-of-emotional-competence-questionnaire-administered-to-a-sample-of-athletes-and-non-athletes
#6
Hajer Aouani, Maamer Slimani, Sabeur Hamrouni, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Mohamed Elloumi
Emotional Intelligence (EI) can be defined as an "ability to monitor one's own and others' feelings and emotions, to discriminate among them and to use this information to guide one's thinking and actions" (Salovey and Mayer, 1990) [1]. As such EI plays a major role in sport sciences. Studies conducted so far have shown contrasting findings. The paper contains data concerning the psychometric properties of the "Profile of Emotional Competence" questionnaire administered to a sample of 479 subjects (239 athletes, 240 non-athletes, age ranging from 12 to 18 years old, 239 men, and 240 women) in order: i) to explore EI between athletes and non-athletes students and ii) to examine differences in EI of young participants in terms of gender and age...
June 2018: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869514/-musculoskeletal-system-functional-disorders-in-pregnancy
#7
R Poděbradská, M Šarmírová, M Procházka
OBJECTIVE: To bring about a comprehensive summary of the occurrence principle and the clinical manifestations of the musculoskeletal system functional disorders, focusing on those occurring most frequently during pregnancy. DESIGN: Overview study. SETTING: Department of Health Promotion, Faculty of Sport Studies, Masaryk University, Brno; Rehabilitation department Lipova-lazne; Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Health Sciences, Olomouc. METHODS: Analysis of literary sources and database Medline (1998-2017)...
2018: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868992/exercise-derived-microvesicles-a-review-of-the-literature
#8
REVIEW
Eurico N Wilhelm, Laurent Mourot, Mark Rakobowchuk
Initially suggested as simple cell debris, cell-derived microvesicles (MVs) have now gained acceptance as recognized players in cellular communication and physiology. Shed by most, and perhaps all, human cells, these tiny lipid-membrane vesicles carry bioactive agents, such as proteins, lipids and microRNA from their cell source, and are produced under orchestrated events in response to a myriad of stimuli. Physical exercise introduces systemic physiological challenges capable of acutely disrupting cell homeostasis and stimulating the release of MVs into the circulation...
June 4, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29867567/reverse-cholesterol-transport-molecular-mechanisms-and-the-non-medical-approach-to-enhance-hdl-cholesterol
#9
REVIEW
Leandro R Marques, Tiego A Diniz, Barbara M Antunes, Fabrício E Rossi, Erico C Caperuto, Fábio S Lira, Daniela C Gonçalves
Dyslipidemia (high concentrations of LDL-c and low concentrations of HDL-c) is a major cause of cardiovascular events, which are the leading cause of death in the world. On the other hand, nutrition and regular exercise can be an interesting strategy to modulate lipid profile, acting as prevention or treatment, inhibiting the risk of diseases due to its anti-inflammatory and anti-atherogenic characteristics. Additionally, the possibility of controlling different training variables, such as type, intensity and recovery interval, can be used to maximize the benefits of exercise in promoting cardiovascular health...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29848870/-historical-transition-of-sexuality-education-in-japan-and-outline-of-reproductive-health-rights
#10
Emiko Nishioka
In this paper, we describe the historical transition of sexuality education in Japan and the direction of sexuality education taken by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT). Reproductive health/rights, a key concept in sex education, is also discussed. In Japanese society, discussion on sexuality has long been considered taboo. After the Second World War, sexuality education in Japan began as "purity education." From 1960 until the early 1970s, physical aspects such as genital organs, function, secondary sexual characteristics, and gender differences were emphasized...
2018: Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29846980/a-novel-method-to-guide-classification-of-para-swimmers-with-limb-deficiency
#11
Luke Hogarth, Carl Payton, Peter Van de Vliet, Mark Connick, Brendan Burkett
The International Paralympic Committee has directed International Federations that govern Para sports to develop evidence-based classification systems. This study defined the impact of limb deficiency impairment on 100 m freestyle performance to guide an evidence-based classification system in Para Swimming, which will be implemented following the 2020 Tokyo Paralympic games. Impairment data and competitive race performances of 90 international swimmers with limb deficiency were collected. Ensemble partial least squares regression established the relationship between relative limb length measures and competitive 100 m freestyle performance...
May 30, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29808910/is-there-enough-evidence-that-mouthguards-do-not-affect-athletic-performance-a-systematic-literature-review
#12
REVIEW
Gustavo Barbosa Ferreira, Ludmila Silva Guimarães, Claudio Pinheiro Fernandes, Reinaldo Brito Dias, Neide Pena Coto, Lívia Azeredo A Antunes, Leonardo Santos Antunes
BACKGROUND: Although there is evidence that mouthguards prevent orofacial trauma occurrence during sport practice, the influence of this device on athletic performance has not been systematically quantified. OBJECTIVES: We aim to systematically review the literature to determine the effect of mouthguards on athletic performance and if the type of mouthguard influences this overcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comprehensive search was performed in the Systematic Electronic Databases: Pubmed, Scopus, Web of Science and the Cochrane Library from their inception to February 2017...
May 29, 2018: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29799094/pacing-decision-making-in-sport-and-the-effects-of-interpersonal-competition-a-critical-review
#13
REVIEW
Marco J Konings, Florentina J Hettinga
An athlete's pacing strategy is widely recognised as an essential determinant for performance during individual events. Previous research focussed on the importance of internal bodily state feedback, revealed optimal pacing strategies in time-trial exercise, and explored concepts such as teleoanticipation and template formation. Recently, human-environment interactions have additionally been emphasized as a crucial determinant for pacing, yet how they affect pacing is not well understood. Therefore, this literature review focussed on exploring one of the most important human-environment interactions in sport competitions: the interaction among competitors...
May 24, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29795741/simulated-altitude-via-re-breathing-creates-arterial-hypoxemia-but-fails-to-improve-elements-of-running-performance
#14
Matthew J Garver, Cory M Scheadler, Logan M Smith, Sarah J Taylor, Chase M Harbach
Acclimatization to altitude has been shown to improve elements of performance. Use of simulated altitude is popular among athletes across the sports spectrum. This work was on a handheld, re-breathing device touted to enhance performance. Seven recreationally-trained athletes used the device for 18 hours over the course of the 37-day intervention trial. The elevations simulated were progressively increased from 1,524m to 6,096m. To ascertain potential efficacy, four performance trials were included (familiarization, baseline, and 2 follow-ups)...
2018: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791261/a-systematic-review-of-grounded-theory-studies-in-physiotherapy
#15
Nancy Ali, Stephen May, Kate Grafton
AIM: This systematic review aimed at appraising the methodological rigor of grounded theory research published in the field of physiotherapy to assess how the methodology is understood and applied. A secondary aim was to provide research implications drawn from the findings to guide future grounded theory methodology (GTM) research. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted in MEDLINE, CINHAL, SPORT Discus, Science Direct, PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science to identify studies in the field of physiotherapy that reported using GTM and/or methods in the study title and/or abstract...
May 23, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789488/superhydrophobic-natural-and-artificial-surfaces-a-structural-approach
#16
REVIEW
Roxana-Elena Avrămescu, Mihaela Violeta Ghica, Cristina Dinu-Pîrvu, Răzvan Prisada, Lăcrămioara Popa
Since ancient times humans observed animal and plants features and tried to adapt them according to their own needs. Biomimetics represents the foundation of many inventions from various fields: From transportation devices (helicopter, airplane, submarine) and flying techniques, to sports' wear industry (swimming suits, scuba diving gear, Velcro closure system), bullet proof vests made from Kevlar etc. It is true that nature provides numerous noteworthy models (shark skin, spider web, lotus leaves), referring both to the plant and animal kingdom...
May 22, 2018: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787934/how-not-to-interpret-a-non-causal-association-in-sports-injury-science
#17
Mette Hjerrild, Solvej Videbaek, Daniel Theisen, Laurent Malisoux, Rasmus Oestergaard Nielsen
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the interpretability of non-causal associations to sports injury development exemplified via the relationship between navicular drop (ND) and running-related injury (RRI) in novice runners using neutral shoes. DESIGN: 1-year prospective cohort study. SETTING: Denmark. PARTICIPANTS: 926 novice runners, representing 1852 feet, were included. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: The outcome was "a musculoskeletal complaint of the lower extremity or back caused by running, which restricted the amount of running for at least a week"...
May 16, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786469/estimation-versus-falsification-approaches-in-sport-and-exercise-science
#18
Michael Wilkinson, Edward M Winter
There has been a recent resurgence in debate about methods for statistical inference in science. The debate addresses statistical concepts and their impact on the value and meaning of analyses' outcomes. In contrast, philosophical underpinnings of approaches and the extent to which analytical tools match philosophical goals of the scientific method have received less attention. This short piece considers application of the scientific method to "what-is-the-influence-of x-on-y" type questions characteristic of sport and exercise science...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782309/in-memoriam-assistant-professor-kre%C3%A5-imir-kostovi%C3%A4-md-phd-16-october-1969-15-october-2017
#19
Branka Marinović
On a Sunday afternoon almost six months ago, we were deeply moved by the news that our Krešimir is no longer with us. The sad news spread from Sarajevo with the speed only most horrible and saddest news can achieve. And everybody who was reached by these news wondered whether it was possible and whether it was true. Because our professor Kostović left us a day before his 48th birthday. Krešimir Kostović was born on the 16th October 1969 in Zagreb, where he completed primary and secondary education. He enrolled at the University of Zagreb School of Medicine in 1988, and got his medical degree in 1995...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780889/how-to-conceptualize-and-implement-a-phd-program-in-health-sciences-the-basel-approach
#20
Franziska Keller, Suzanne Dhaini, Matthias Briel, Sina Henrichs, Christoph Höchsmann, Daniel Kalbermatten, Nino Künzli, Annette Mollet, Christian Puelacher, Arno Schmidt-Trucksäss, Belinda von Niederhäusern, Sabina De Geest
Objectives: Over the past decade, several excellent guidelines have been published on how to enhance the quality of PhD education in Europe. Aimed primarily at preparing students for innovative roles in their fields, they include variously structured approaches to curricular offerings, as well as other program components applicable across specialties (eg: supervisor support, scientific conduct, transferable skills). Since 2012, the interdisciplinary PhD Program in Health Sciences (PPHS) at the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Basel in Switzerland has focused on translating these guidelines into a 21st-century health sciences PhD program...
January 2018: Journal of Medical Education and Curricular Development
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