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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230925/not-all-athletes-are-equal-but-don-t-call-me-an-exerciser-response-to-araujo-and-scharhag-2016
#1
Clare MacMahon, Lucy Parrington
Many Olympians and Paralympians would not be called athletes if what dictates this classification is fulfilling the criteria of Araujo and Scharhag (2016). Shelley Watts, Australian amateur boxer and Commonwealth gold medallist undertakes a double degree in law and sports science, something which undoubtedly takes up a considerable number of hours throughout her week (Australian Olympic Committie [AOC], 2016). There are many other athletes in similar positions - College athletes in the United States who are part of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), for example...
February 23, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218871/a-systematic-review-of-influences-on-development-of-athletes-with-disabilities
#2
Nima Dehghansai, Srdjan Lemez, Nick Wattie, Joseph Baker
Compared with mainstream sport athletes, relatively little is known regarding the factors affecting the development of athletes with a disability. Sport-specific training programs are essential to athletes' successful performance; to create appropriate programs and strategies, a clear understanding of the nuances of development of athletes with a disability is important. The objective of this systematic review was to synthesize existing research on development in athletes with a disability and examine the key determinants of successful development and sporting performance...
January 2017: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217571/returning-to-sport-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-in-amateur-sports-men-a-retrospective-study
#3
Angela Notarnicola, Giuseppe Maccagnano, Federico Barletta, Leonardo Ascatigno, Leopoldo Astuto, Antonio Panella, Silvio Tafuri, Biagio Moretti
BACKGROUND: According to the literature, 95% of professional athletes return to their sport after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction surgery. The main objective of this study was to verify the return to sport after ACL reconstruction in a homogenous group of amateur sportsmen and sportswomen in a series of Italian patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We designed a retrospective study in which we analyzed the amateur sports patients operated for ACL reconstruction...
October 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217419/the-effects-of-varied-tensions-of-kinesiology-taping-on-quadriceps-strength-and-lower-limb-function
#4
Julio Fernandes de Jesus, Yuri Rafael Dos Santos Franco, Stella Bispo Nannini, Gustavo Bezerra Nakaoka, Amir Curcio Dos Reis, Flavio Fernandes Bryk
BACKGROUND: Kinesiology Taping (KT) may promote changes in muscle strength and motor performance, topics of great interest in the sports-medicine sciences. These characteristics are purported to be associated with the tension generated by the KT on the skin. However, the most suitable tension for the attainment of these strength and performance effects has not yet been confirmed. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to analyze the effects of different tensions of KT on the isometric contraction of the quadriceps and lower limb function of healthy individuals over a period of seven days...
February 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215809/topological-data-analysis-tda-applied-to-reveal-pedogenetic-principles-of-european-topsoil-system
#5
Aleksandar Savic, Gergely Toth, Ludovic Duponchel
Recent developments in applied mathematics are bringing new tools that are capable to synthesize knowledge in various disciplines, and help in finding hidden relationships between variables. One such technique is topological data analysis (TDA), a fusion of classical exploration techniques such as principal component analysis (PCA), and a topological point of view applied to clustering of results. Various phenomena have already received new interpretations thanks to TDA, from the proper choice of sport teams to cancer treatments...
February 16, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206959/association-of-polymorphisms-rs1800012-in-col1a1-with-sports-related-tendon-and-ligament-injuries-a-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Chunguang Wang, Hao Li, Kang Chen, Bing Wu, Haifeng Liu
It has been reported that the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs1800012 in COL1A1 might be associated with the susceptibility to sports-related tendon and ligament injuries such as ACL injuries, Achilles tendon injuries, shoulder dislocations and tennis elbow. But the data from different studies have been conflicting. Here we attempted to systematically summarize and clarify the association between the SNP and sports-related tendon and ligament injuries risk. Six eligible studies including 933 cases and 1,381 controls were acquired from PubMed, Web Of Science and Cochrane library databases...
February 11, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190632/effects-of-a-paraspinal-lumbar-tape-application-during-7-days-on-the-perceived-area-of-tape-contact
#7
Stefan Funk, Roy Finke, Stefan Zeh, Tobias Siebert, Christian Puta
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to investigate the changes of the perceived area of tape contact during a lumbar tape application that lasted 7 days. DESIGN: Single group, repeated measures study. SETTING: University research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-three healthy collegiate students in sports science. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Perceived area of tape contact was collected by preparing a drawing of their individual perceived tape outline into a printed body image...
November 2, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146562/hip-hop-dance-experience-linked-to-sociocognitive-ability
#8
Justin W Bonny, Jenna C Lindberg, Marc C Pacampara
Expertise within gaming (e.g., chess, video games) and kinesthetic (e.g., sports, classical dance) activities has been found to be linked with specific cognitive skills. Some of these skills, working memory, mental rotation, problem solving, are linked to higher performance in science, technology, math, and engineering (STEM) disciplines. In the present study, we examined whether experience in a different activity, hip hop dance, is also linked to cognitive abilities connected with STEM skills as well as social cognition ability...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129281/the-science-of-strength-reflections-on-the-national-strength-and-conditioning-association-and-the-emergence-of-research-based-strength-and-conditioning
#9
Jason P Shurley, Janice S Todd, Terry C Todd
Shurley, JP, Todd, JS, and Todd, TC. The science of strength: reflections on the National Strength and Conditioning Association and the emergence of research-based strength and conditioning. J Strength Cond Res 31(2): 517-530, 2017-The National Strength and Conditioning Association (NSCA) formed in 1978 when a group of 76 strength and conditioning coaches banded together to start an organization whose goal was to facilitate the exchange of ideas on strength training for sports. At the time, very little research existed regarding strength training protocols or their effects...
February 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125330/effects-of-bilateral-and-non-dominant-practices-on-the-lateral-preference-in-judo-matches
#10
Eliseo Iglesias-Soler, Xian Mayo, Xurxo Dopico, Miguel Fernández-Del-Olmo, Eduardo Carballeira, Juan Fariñas, Sergio Fernández-Uribe
This study analysed the effects of bilateral and non-dominant practice on novice practitioners' lateral preference for judo skills in a combat context (i.e., randori). Thirty sports sciences students (22 men and 8 women; mean age 19 ± 1 years) with right hand, foot, and counterclockwise rotation preferences were divided into 3 groups: bilateral (BG; n = 8), non-dominant (NDG; n = 11), and control (CG; n = 11). Participants received 8 weeks of training at a rate of 3 days per week. The NDG was trained to perform judo skills exclusive with their non-dominant side, while the BG performed every task symmetrically...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119870/promotion-of-the-journal-of-exercise-rehabilitation-to-the-international-level-based-on-journal-metrics
#11
Sun Huh
The aim of this study was to use journal metrics to confirm that the Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation has been promoted to the international level after changing its language to English-only in April 2013. Journal metrics, including the number of articles per year, countries of authors, countries of the editorial board members, impact factor, total citations, and the Hirsch index, were counted or calculated based on the journal homepage and the Web of Science Core Collection in December 2016. The number of citable articles was 52, 62, 59, and 74 in 2013, 2014, 2015, and 2016, respectively...
December 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101329/association-between-sports-type-and-overuse-injuries-of-extremities-in-adults-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Charlène Chéron, Christine Le Scanff, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde
BACKGROUND: Sports injuries are often described as overuse or traumatic. Little is known about the frequency of overuse injuries and, in particular, if they vary between different types of sporting activities. PURPOSE: To identify any differences between sports in relation to diagnoses of overuse injuries of the extremities (OIE) and anatomical areas most likely to be injured in adults and to compare these findings with those reported in youngsters, as identified in a previous review...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095069/the-evolution-of-champion-cross-country-skier-training-from-lumberjacks-to-professional-athletes
#13
Øyvind Sandbakk
Competitive cross-country (XC) skiing has traditions extending back to the mid-19th century, and was included as a men's event in the first Winter Games in 1924. Since then, tremendous improvements in equipment, track preparation, and knowledge about training have prompted greater increases in XC skiing speeds than in any other Olympic sport. In response, this commentary focuses on how the training of successful XC skiers has evolved, with interviews and training data from surviving Norwegian world and Olympic XC champions as primary sources...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074345/the-beneficial-effects-of-physical-activity-is-it-down-to-your-genes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-twin-and-family-studies
#14
REVIEW
J R Zadro, D Shirley, T B Andrade, K J Scurrah, A Bauman, P H Ferreira
BACKGROUND: There is evidence for considerable heterogeneity in the responsiveness to regular physical activity (PA) which might reflect the influence of genetic factors. The aim of this systematic review was to assess whether the response to a PA intervention for measures of body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness is (i) correlated within twin pairs and/or families and (ii) more correlated in monozygotic twins (MZ) compared to dizygotic twins (DZ), which would be consistent with genetic effects...
December 2017: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068167/vehicle-exposure-and-spinal-musculature-fatigue-in-military-warfighters-a-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Roger O Kollock, Kenneth E Games, Alan E Wilson, JoEllen M Sefton
CONTEXT:  Spinal musculature fatigue from vehicle exposure may place warfighters at risk for spinal injuries and pain. Research on the relationship between vehicle exposure and spinal musculature fatigue is conflicting. A better understanding of the effect of military duty on musculoskeletal function is needed before sports medicine teams can develop injury-prevention programs. OBJECTIVE:  To determine if the literature supports a definite effect of vehicle exposure on spinal musculature fatigue...
November 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067737/facial-trauma-in-sports
#16
James Leinhart, James Toldi, Matthew Tennison
Injuries resulting from facial trauma are common in all sports. Athlete-to-athlete contact, falls, and blows from equipment account for the majority of these events. Appropriate knowledge of basic science, relevant anatomy, and clinical skills is required to provide the correct medical care. While true medical emergencies are infrequent, a prompt accurate diagnosis is essential in developing targeted management and return to play options.
January 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065996/history-of-the-royal-college-of-chiropractic-sports-sciences-canada-the-early-years
#17
John De Finney, Gordon Lawson, David Gryfe, Susan Gillis-Lawson, John P Crawford
In 1978 the Canadian Chiropractic Association recognized the need to establish an organization that would prepare chiropractors to treat athletic injuries and promote these services to sports organizations. Dr. Adrian Grice approached three chiropractors to establish such an organization. The Canadian Chiropractic Sports Academy (CCSA) was established in 1978. This was the start of the chiropractic sports movement which has seen chiropractors playing prominent roles as team doctors to professional and amateur teams and athletes and in the delivery of care at major national and international competitions...
December 2016: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058696/size-exponents-for-scaling-maximal-oxygen-uptake-in-over-6500-humans-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Lorenzo Lolli, Alan M Batterham, Kathryn L Weston, Greg Atkinson
BACKGROUND: Maximal oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text] 2max) is conventionally normalized to body size as a simple ratio or using an allometric exponent < 1. Nevertheless, the most appropriate body size variable to use for scaling and the value of the exponent are still enigmatic. Studies tend to be based on small samples and can, therefore, lack precision. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review was to provide a quantitative synthesis of reported static allometric exponents used for scaling [Formula: see text] 2max to whole body mass and fat-free mass...
January 6, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054257/consensus-on-measurement-properties-and-feasibility-of-performance-tests-for-the-exercise-and-sport-sciences-a-delphi-study
#19
Sam Robertson, Peter Kremer, Brad Aisbett, Jacqueline Tran, Ester Cerin
BACKGROUND: Performance tests are used for multiple purposes in exercise and sport science. Ensuring that a test displays an appropriate level of measurement properties for use within a population is important to ensure confidence in test findings. The aim of this study was to obtain subject matter expert consensus on the measurement and feasibility properties that should be considered for performance tests used in the exercise and sport sciences and how these should be defined. This information was used to develop a checklist for broader dissemination...
December 2017: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046705/su-f-t-202-an-evaluation-method-of-lifetime-attributable-risk-for-comparing-between-proton-beam-therapy-and-intensity-modulated-x-ray-therapy-for-pediatric-cancer-patients-by-averaging-four-dose-response-models-for-carcinoma-induction
#20
M Tamura, Y Ito, H Sakurai, M Mizumoto, S Kamizawa, S Murayama, H Yamashita, S Takao, R Suzuki, H Shirato
PURPOSE: To examine how much lifetime attributable risk (LAR) as an in silico surrogate marker of radiation-induced secondary cancer would be lowered by using proton beam therapy (PBT) in place of intensity modulated x-ray therapy (IMXT) in pediatric patients. METHODS: From 242 pediatric patients with cancers who were treated with PBT, 26 patients were selected by random sampling after stratification into four categories: a) brain, head, and neck, b) thoracic, c) abdominal, and d) whole craniospinal (WCNS) irradiation...
June 2016: Medical Physics
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