keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Sports science

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691818/nanomaterials-nanocomposites-for-osteochondral-tissue
#1
Ohan S Manoukian, Connor Dieck, Taylor Milne, Caroline N Dealy, Swetha Rudraiah, Sangamesh G Kumbar
For many years, the avascular nature of cartilage tissue has posed a clinical challenge for replacement, repair, and reconstruction of damaged cartilage within the human body. Injuries to cartilage and osteochondral tissues can be due to osteoarthritis, sports, aggressive cancers, and repetitive stresses and inflammation on wearing tissue. Due to its limited capacity for regeneration or repair, there is a need for suitable material systems which can recapitulate the function of the native osteochondral tissue physically, mechanically, histologically, and biologically...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683920/the-problem-with-magnitude-based-inference
#2
Kristin L Sainani
PURPOSE: A statistical method called "Magnitude-Based Inference" (MBI) has gained a following in the sports science literature, despite concerns voiced by statisticians. Its proponents have claimed that MBI exhibits superior Type I and Type II error rates compared with standard null hypothesis testing for most cases. I have performed a re-analysis to evaluate this claim. METHODS: Using simulation code provided by MBI's proponents, I estimated Type I and Type II error rates for clinical and non-clinical MBI for a range of effect sizes, sample sizes, and smallest important effects...
April 21, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682311/acl-reconstruction-with-hamstring-tendon-autograft-and-accelerated-brace-free-rehabilitation-a-systematic-review-of-clinical-outcomes
#3
Rob P A Janssen, Nicky van Melick, Jan B A van Mourik, Max Reijman, Lodewijk W van Rhijn
Objective: To investigate the clinical outcomes after hamstring tendon autograft ACL reconstruction (ACLR) with accelerated, brace-free rehabilitation. Design: Systematic review according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis guidelines. Data sources: Embase, MEDLINE Ovid, Web of Science, Cochrane CENTRAL and Google scholar from 1 January 1974 to 31 January 2017. Eligibility criteria for selecting studies: Study designs reporting outcomes in adults after arthroscopic, primary ACLR with hamstring autograft and accelerated, brace-free rehabilitation...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679839/xenon-detection-in-human-blood-analytical-validation-by-accuracy-profile-and-identification-of-critical-storage-parameters
#4
Cécile Frampas, Julia Ney, Mark Coburn, Marc Augsburger, Vincent Varlet
Xenon is a rare, mostly inert, noble gas that has applications in a wide range of fields, including medicine. Xenon acts on the human body as a useful organ-protective and anesthetic agent and has also been previously studied for potential applications in fields such as optics, aerospace and medical imaging. Recently, it was discovered that xenon can boost erythropoietin production, and it has been used as a performance-enhancing agent in international sports competitions such as the Sochi Olympic Games. Therefore, screening methods to detect the misuse of xenon by analysis of biological samples and to monitor anesthesia kinetics and efficiency are being investigated...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674008/applying-systems-ergonomics-methods-in-sport-a-systematic-review
#5
Adam Hulme, Jason Thompson, Katherine L Plant, Gemma J M Read, Scott Mclean, Amanda Clacy, Paul M Salmon
INTRODUCTION: As sports systems become increasingly more complex, competitive, and technology-centric, there is a greater need for systems ergonomics methods to consider the performance, health, and safety of athletes in context with the wider settings in which they operate. Therefore, the purpose of this systematic review was to identify and critically evaluate studies which have applied a systems ergonomics research approach in the context of sports performance and injury management...
April 16, 2018: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659401/effects-of-different-footwear-properties-and-surface-instability-on-neuromuscular-activity-and-kinematics-during-jumping
#6
Melanie Lesinski, Olaf Prieske, Ron Borde, Rainer Beurskens, Urs Granacher
Lesinski, M, Prieske, O, Borde, R, Beurskens, R, and Granacher, U. Effects of different footwear properties and surface instability on neuromuscular activity and kinematics during jumping. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-The purpose of this study was to examine sex-specific effects of different footwear properties vs. barefoot condition during the performance of drop jumps (DJs) on stable and unstable surfaces on measures of jump performance, electromyographic (EMG) activity, and knee joint kinematics...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659165/improving-academic-performance-of-sport-and-exercise-science-undergraduate-students-in-gross-anatomy-using-a-near-peer-teaching-program
#7
Ricardo Borges Viana, Mário Hebling Campos, Douglas de Assis Teles Santos, Isabela Cristina Maioni Xavier, Rodrigo Luiz Vancini, Marília Santos Andrade, Claudio Andre Barbosa de Lira
Peer and near-peer teaching programs are common in medical undergraduate courses. However, there are no studies that have investigated the effectiveness of a near-peer teaching program on the academic performance of undergraduate students pursuing sport and exercise science coursework. This study was conducted to analyze the effectiveness of such a program for students who participated in a course on the functional anatomy of the locomotor apparatus. A total of 39 student participants were divided into two groups: students in one group voluntarily attended at least one session of a near-peer teaching program, and students in the other group attended no sessions...
April 16, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648505/abstracts-from-the-5th-annual-congress-on-medicine-science-in-ultra-endurance-sports-may-9-10-2018-castell%C3%A3-de-la-plana-spain
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2018: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627091/applying-scientific-principles-to-enhance-paralympic-classification-now-and-in-the-future-a-research-primer-for-rehabilitation-specialists
#9
REVIEW
Sean M Tweedy, Mark J Connick, Emma M Beckman
Para-sport classification systems define eligibility for Para sport and provide a competition structure that controls for the impact of impairment on the outcome of competition. This article focuses on the classification of para athletes with physical impairments. Development of classification systems based on scientific evidence has only recently been made possible by adoption of a statement of the purpose of classification by the International Paralympic Committee and its member organizations. Rigorous descriptive science can improve extant systems of classification and a recently published study described a data-driven classification structure with validity superior to that of the extant system...
May 2018: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619391/neck-back-and-shoulder-pains-and-ergonomic-factors-among-dental-students
#10
Raha Habib Aghahi, Rezvan Darabi, Maryam Alsadat Hashemipour
BACKGROUND: Dynamic and static activities in dentistry cause musculoskeletal disorders, but dental students do not have sufficient awareness about the effects of ergonomic factors on their health. The aim of this study was to investigate ergonomic factors that cause pain muscle in dental students in Kerman Medical University, Iran. METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis study was carried out on dental students of the 3rd , 4th , 5th , and 6th year, in clinical practice in the School of Dentistry, Kerman University of Medical Sciences...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618975/automatic-removal-of-physiological-artifacts-in-eeg-the-optimized-fingerprint-method-for-sports-science-applications
#11
David B Stone, Gabriella Tamburro, Patrique Fiedler, Jens Haueisen, Silvia Comani
Data contamination due to physiological artifacts such as those generated by eyeblinks, eye movements, and muscle activity continues to be a central concern in the acquisition and analysis of electroencephalographic (EEG) data. This issue is further compounded in EEG sports science applications where the presence of artifacts is notoriously difficult to control because behaviors that generate these interferences are often the behaviors under investigation. Therefore, there is a need to develop effective and efficient methods to identify physiological artifacts in EEG recordings during sports applications so that they can be isolated from cerebral activity related to the activities of interest...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617642/the-science-and-translation-of-lactate-shuttle-theory
#12
REVIEW
George A Brooks
Once thought to be a waste product of anaerobic metabolism, lactate is now known to form continuously under aerobic conditions. Shuttling between producer and consumer cells fulfills at least three purposes for lactate: (1) a major energy source, (2) the major gluconeogenic precursor, and (3) a signaling molecule. "Lactate shuttle" (LS) concepts describe the roles of lactate in delivery of oxidative and gluconeogenic substrates as well as in cell signaling. In medicine, it has long been recognized that the elevation of blood lactate correlates with illness or injury severity...
April 3, 2018: Cell Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607991/-promoting-research-integrity
#13
Hiromichi Suzuki
 Japan Agency for Medical Research and Development (AMED) was launched in April 2015 to promote integrated medical research and development (R&D) ranging from basic research to practical applications, in order to smoothly achieve the nationwide application of research outcomes, and to establish an environment therefor. AMED consolidates budgets for R&D expenses, which had previously been allocated from different sources, such as the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, and the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry...
2018: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601505/a-community-driven-approach-to-generate-urban-policy-recommendations-for-obesity-prevention
#14
Julia Díez, Pedro Gullón, María Sandín Vázquez, Belén Álvarez, María Del Prado Martín, María Urtasun, Maite Gamarra, Joel Gittelsohn, Manuel Franco
There is an increasing research interest in targeting interventions at the neighborhood level to prevent obesity. Healthy urban environments require including residents' perspectives to help understanding how urban environments relate to residents' food choices and physical activity levels. We describe an innovative community-driven process aimed to develop environmental recommendations for obesity prevention. We conducted this study in a low-income area in Madrid (Spain), using a collaborative citizen science approach...
March 30, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601383/is-platelet-rich-plasma-injection-effective-for-chronic-achilles-tendinopathy-a-meta-analysis
#15
Yi-Jun Zhang, San-Zhong Xu, Peng-Cheng Gu, Jing-Yu Du, You-Zhi Cai, Chi Zhang, Xiang-Jin Lin
BACKGROUND: Chronic Achilles tendinopathy is common in the general population, and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is seeing increased use to treat this problem. However, studies disagree as to whether PRP confers a beneficial effect for chronic Achilles tendinopathy, and no one to our knowledge has pooled the available randomized trials in a formal meta-analysis to try to reconcile those differences. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: In the setting of a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs), we asked: Does PRP plus eccentric strength training result in (1) greater improvements in Victorian Institute of Sports Assessment-Achilles (VISA-A) scores; (2) differences in tendon thickness; or (3) differences in color Doppler activity compared with placebo (saline) injections plus eccentric strength training in patients with chronic Achilles tendinopathy? METHODS: A search of peer-reviewed articles was conducted to identify all RCTs using PRP injection with eccentric training for chronic Achilles tendinopathy in the electronic databases of PubMed, Web of Science (SCI-E/SSCI/A&HCI), and EMBASE from January 1981 to August 2017...
March 28, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601346/low-bone-mineral-density-in-elite-female-athletes-with-a-history-of-secondary-amenorrhea-in-their-teens
#16
Sayaka Nose-Ogura, Osamu Yoshino, Michiko Dohi, Mika Kigawa, Miyuki Harada, Takashi Kawahara, Yutaka Osuga, Shigeru Saito
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether secondary amenorrhea during teenage years influences bone mineral density (BMD) in female athletes in their 20s. DESIGN: Original research. SETTING: Japan Institute of Sports Sciences. PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred ten elite female athletes older than 20 years were included in the study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Information on the participants' past (ie, during their teenage years) and current menstrual cycle, training time, history of stress fractures, and blood tests for hormones received was obtained...
March 27, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595996/return-to-play-after-hip-arthroscopy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Michaela O'Connor, Anas A Minkara, Robert W Westermann, James Rosneck, T Sean Lynch
BACKGROUND: The use of arthroscopic treatment for intra-articular hip pathology has demonstrated improved patient-reported outcomes (PROs) with a lower rate of complications, reoperation, and patient morbidity as compared with traditional methods. Although the use of this minimally invasive approach has increased in prevalence, no evidence-based return-to-play (RTP) criteria have been developed to ensure an athlete's preparedness for sporting activities. PURPOSE: To determine if there exists sufficient evidence in the literature to support an RTP protocol and functional assessment after hip arthroscopy, as well as to assess the mean rate and duration of RTP...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589412/the-validity-and-reliability-of-the-my-jump-2-app-for-measuring-the-reactive-strength-index-and-drop-jump-performance
#18
Tom Haynes, Chris Bishop, Mark Antrobus, Jon Brazier
BACKGROUND: This is the first study to independently assess the concurrent validity and reliability of the My Jump 2 app for measuring drop jump performance. It is also the first to evaluate the app's ability to measure the reactive strength index (RSI). METHODS: Fourteen male sport science students (age: 29.5 ± 9.9 years) performed three drop jumps from 20 cm and 40 cm (totalling 84 jumps), assessed via a force platform and the My Jump 2 app. Reported metrics included reactive strength index, jump height, ground contact time, and mean power...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588271/development-of-an-exergame-to-deliver-a-sustained-dose-of-high-intensity-training-formative-pilot-randomized-trial
#19
Thomas McBain, Matthew Weston, Paul Crawshaw, Catherine Haighton, Iain Spears
BACKGROUND: Sport science can play a critical role in reducing health inequalities. The inverse relationship between life expectancy, cardiorespiratory fitness, and socioeconomic status could be addressed by performing high-intensity training (HIT), delivered in a class salient and accessible approach. Commercially available exergames have shown encouraging compliance rates but are primarily designed for entertainment purposes rather than focusing on health-related outcomes. A serious game tailored toward delivering an exercise stimulus, while reducing the aversive protocols associated with HIT, could be beneficial to engage and improve health outcomes in socially deprived males...
March 27, 2018: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584461/case-studies-in-exercise-and-sport-sciences-a-powerful-tool-to-bridge-the-science-practice-gap
#20
Israel Halperin
Despite the progress made by the scientific exercise community in collaborating and communicating with non-scientist coaches, there is room for improvement. Coaches find research difficult to understand, feel that their interests are not being addressed by exercise research, and rely on peer-discussion to further their coaching knowledge base while consuming little peer-reviewed articles. One useful strategy to bridge the science-practice gap is with case-studies. In addition to furthering our understanding of the physiology, psychology, and training schedules of elite athletes, case studies can serve 1) as a useful communication channel with coaches if presented as narratives and 2) to establish and strengthen relationships between scientists and coaches leading to fruitful research collaborations...
March 27, 2018: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
keyword
keyword
9343
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"