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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668028/reallocating-time-between-sleep-sedentary-and-active-behaviours-associations-with-obesity-and-health-in-canadian-adults
#1
Rachel C Colley, Isabelle Michaud, Didier Garriguet
BACKGROUND: Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sleep are positively associated with adults' health, while the association with sedentary behaviour (SED) is negative. Light-intensity physical activity (LPA) is emerging as an independent predictor of improved cardiovascular health. The health impacts of each of these factors have been examined in isolation, but interest has increased in associations between health and movement behaviours collectively. DATA AND METHODS: This analysis examines how reallocating time between movement behaviours is associated with obesity and with self-rated general and mental health...
April 18, 2018: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668025/general-movements-a-behavioral-biomarker-of-later-motor-and-cognitive-dysfunction-in-nicu-graduates
#2
Colleen Peyton, Christa Einspieler
Infants who have graduated from a neonatal intensive care unit require close follow-up because they have a greater chance of experiencing later motor and cognitive difficulties; however, these difficulties are often challenging to identify at an early age. The General Movement Assessment is a low-cost and highly reliable tool that can indicate abnormal neurological development in young high-risk infants, but it has not yet been widely implemented in the United States. In this review, we discuss the literature about the use of the General Movement Assessment in high-risk infants and how to implement the tool in a clinical setting...
April 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666240/urbanization-prolongs-hantavirus-epidemics-in-cities
#3
Huaiyu Tian, Shixiong Hu, Bernard Cazelles, Gerardo Chowell, Lidong Gao, Marko Laine, Yapin Li, Huisuo Yang, Yidan Li, Qiqi Yang, Xin Tong, Ru Huang, Ottar N Bjornstad, Hong Xiao, Nils Chr Stenseth
Urbanization and rural-urban migration are two factors driving global patterns of disease and mortality. There is significant concern about their potential impact on disease burden and the effectiveness of current control approaches. Few attempts have been made to increase our understanding of the relationship between urbanization and disease dynamics, although it is generally believed that urban living has contributed to reductions in communicable disease burden in industrialized countries. To investigate this relationship, we carried out spatiotemporal analyses using a 48-year-long dataset of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome incidence (HFRS; mainly caused by two serotypes of hantavirus in China: Hantaan virus and Seoul virus) and population movements in an important endemic area of south China during the period 1963-2010...
April 17, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665874/attack-rates-of-sirex-noctilio-and-patterns-of-pine-tree-defenses-and-mortality-in-northern-patagonia
#4
S J Martinson, A A Fernádez Ajó, A S Martínez, F E Krivak-Tetley, J M Villacide, M P Ayres, J C Corley
Accidental and intentional global movement of species has increased the frequency of novel plant-insect interactions. In Patagonia, the European woodwasp, Sirex noctilio, has invaded commercial plantations of North American pines. We compared the patterns of resin defenses and S. noctilio-caused mortality at two mixed-species forests near San Carlos de Bariloche, Argentina. We observed lower levels of resin flow and higher levels of mortality in Pinus contorta compared with Pinus ponderosa. In general, S. noctilio attacked trees with lower resin compared with neighboring trees...
April 18, 2018: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665761/expert-rater-agreement-and-inter-intrarater-reliability-for-the-furtado-gallagher-computerized-observational-movement-pattern-assessment-system
#5
Ovande Furtado, Jere D Gallagher
Fundamental movement skills (FMS) play a crucial role in a child's motor skill development, as their mastery is related to the acquisition and mastery of specialized sport skills and to a child's general health through the prevention of weight gain and increased level of physical activity. Thus, the accurate and reliable measurement of FMS is of related importance. This article presents the results of two studies intended to assess expert-rater agreement and inter-/intrarater scoring reliability in the administration of a new observational FMS instrument, the Furtado-Gallagher Computerized Observational Movement Pattern Assessment System (FG-COMPASS)...
January 1, 2018: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665054/does-hacking-surface-type-affect-equine-forelimb-foot-placement-movement-symmetry-or-hoof-impact-deceleration-during-ridden-walk-and-trot-exercise
#6
A Barstow, J Bailey, J Campbell, C Harris, R Weller, T Pfau
BACKGROUND: Both pleasure and competition horses regularly exercise on surfaces such as tarmac, gravel, and turf during 'hacking'. Despite this, there is limited evidence relating to the effect of these surfaces upon foot-surface interaction. OBJECTIVES: To investigate forelimb foot placement, hoof vibration and movement symmetry in pleasure horses on three commonly encountered hacking surfaces. STUDY DESIGN: Quantitative gait study in a convenience sample...
April 17, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664758/redeveloping-the-jbi-model-of-evidence-based-healthcare
#7
Zoe Jordan, Craig Lockwood, Zachary Munn, Edoardo Aromataris
BACKGROUND: In 2005, Pearson et al. presented a developmental framework of evidence-based practice that sought to situate healthcare evidence and its role and use within the complexity of practice settings globally. A decade later, it was deemed timely to re-examine the Model and its component parts to determine whether they remain relevant and a true and accurate reflection of where the evidence-based movement is today. METHODS: A two-phase process was employed for this project...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664750/head-movements-allow-listeners-bilaterally-implanted-with-cochlear-implants-to-resolve-front-back-confusions
#8
M Torben Pastore, Sarah J Natale, William A Yost, Michael F Dorman
OBJECTIVES: We report on the ability of patients fit with bilateral cochlear implants (CIs) to distinguish the front-back location of sound sources both with and without head movements. At issue was (i) whether CI patients are more prone to front-back confusions than normal hearing listeners for wideband, high-frequency stimuli; and (ii) if CI patients can utilize dynamic binaural difference cues, in tandem with their own head rotation, to resolve these front-back confusions. Front-back confusions offer a binary metric to gain insight into CI patients' ability to localize sound sources under dynamic conditions not generally measured in laboratory settings where both the sound source and patient are static...
April 16, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661966/pallidal-deep-brain-stimulation-disrupts-pallidal-beta-oscillations-and-coherence-with-primary-motor-cortex-in-parkinson-s-disease
#9
Doris D Wang, Coralie de Hemptinne, Svjetlana Miocinovic, Jill L Ostrem, Nicholas B Galifianakis, Marta San Luciano, Philip A Starr
In Parkinson's disease (PD), subthalamic nucleus beta band oscillations are decreased by therapeutic deep brain stimulation (DBS) and this has been proposed as important to the mechanism of therapy. The globus pallidus is a common alternative target for PD with similar motor benefits as subthalamic DBS, but effects of pallidal stimulation in PD are not well studied, and effects of pallidal DBS on cortical function in PD are unknown. Here, in 20 PD and 14 isolated dystonia human patients of both genders undergoing pallidal DBS lead implantation, we recorded local field potentials (LFPs) from the globus pallidus and in a subset of these, recorded simultaneous sensorimotor cortex electrocorticography (ECoG) potentials...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661612/hearing-self-motion-perception-mobility-and-aging
#10
REVIEW
Jennifer Campos, Robert Ramkhalawansingh, M Kathleen Pichora-Fuller
Hearing helps us know where we are relative to important events and objects in our environment and it allows us to track our changing position dynamically over space and time. Auditory cues are used in combination with other sensory inputs (visual, vestibular, proprioceptive) to help us perceive our own movements through space, known as self-motion perception. Whether we are maintaining standing balance, walking, or driving, audition can provide unique and important information to help optimize self-motion perception, and consequently to support safe mobility...
March 31, 2018: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661126/gnao1-mutation-induced-pediatric-dystonic-storm-rescue-with-pallidal-deep-brain-stimulation
#11
C Michael Honey, Armaan K Malhotra, Maja Tarailo-Graovac, Clara D M van Karnebeek, Gabriella Horvath, Adi Sulistyanto
Dystonic storm or status dystonicus is a life-threatening hyperkinetic movement disorder with biochemical alterations due to the excessive muscle contractions. The medical management can require pediatric intensive care unit admission and a combination of medications while the underlying trigger is managed. Severe cases may require general anesthesia and paralytic agents with intubation and may relapse when these drugs are weaned. Deep brain stimulation of the globus pallidum has been reported to terminate dystonic storm in several pediatric cases...
May 2018: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658405/real-time-intracochlear-imaging-of-automated-cochlear-implant-insertions-in-whole-decalcified-cadaver-cochleas-using-ultrasound
#12
Thomas G Landry, Guy Earle, Jeremy A Brown, Manohar L Bance
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the feasibility of combining high-frequency ultrasound imaging, automated insertion, and force sensing to yield more information about cochlear implant insertion dynamics. METHODS: An apparatus was developed combining these aspects along with software to control implant and imaging probe positions. Decalcified unfixed human cochleas were implanted at various speeds, insertion sites, and implant models while imaging near the implant tip throughout insertion and recording force data from the cochlea mounting stage...
April 16, 2018: Cochlear Implants International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657957/the-effect-of-deep-brain-stimulation-therapy-on-fear-related-capture-of-attention-in-parkinson-s-disease-and-essential-tremor-a-comparison-to-healthy-individuals
#13
Corrie R Camalier, Maureen McHugo, David H Zald, Joseph S Neimat
In addition to motor symptoms, Parkinson's disease (PD) involves significant non-motor sequelae, including disruptions in cognitive and emotional processing. Fear recognition appears to be affected both by the course of the disease and by a common interventional therapy, deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus (STN-DBS). Here, we examined if these effects extend to other aspects of emotional processing, such as attentional capture by negative emotional stimuli. Performance on an emotional attentional blink (EAB) paradigm, a common paradigm used to study emotional capture of attention, was examined in a cohort of individuals with PD, both on and off STN-DBS therapy (n=20)...
2018: Journal of Neurological Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656792/training-children-aged-5-10-years-in-manual-compliance-control-to-improve-drawing-and-handwriting
#14
Geoffrey P Bingham, Winona Snapp-Childs
A large proportion of school-aged children exhibit poor drawing and handwriting. This prevalence limits the availability of therapy. We developed an automated method for training improved manual compliance control and relatedly, prospective control of a stylus. The approach included a difficult training task, while providing parametrically modifiable support that enables the children to perform successfully while developing good compliance control. The task was to use a stylus to push a bead along a 3D wire path...
April 12, 2018: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656679/three-dimensional-reconstruction-of-fetal-abnormalities-using-ultrasonography-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#15
Heron Werner, Maene Marcondes, Pedro Daltro, Tatiana Fazecas, Bianca Guedes Ribeiro, Renata Nogueira, Edward Araujo Júnior
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to compare three-dimensional (3D) fetal malformation images obtained using ultrasonography (US) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) on the same day during the third trimester of pregnancy. METHODS: Total 33 fetuses were selected from cases evaluated for malformations. Morphological abnormalities were first scanned using 3DUS . MRI was used to confirm the previous preliminary 3DUS findings, and diagnoses were confirmed postnatally. 3DUS scans were performed transabdominally using an Rab (4-8 L) probe, Voluson 730 Pro/Expert and E8 (General Electric, Healthcare, Zipf, Austria)...
April 15, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652521/social-media-use-and-well-being-in-people-with-physical-disabilities-influence-of-sns-and-online-community-uses-on-social-support-depression-and-psychological-disposition
#16
H Erin Lee, Jaehee Cho
This study examined the relationships across social media use, social support, depression, and general psychological disposition among people with movement or mobility disabilities in Korea. First, with survey data (n = 91) collected from users of social network sites (SNSs) and online communities, hypotheses regarding positive associations between intensity of an individual's engagement in social media and four different types of social support-emotional, instrumental, informational, and appraisal support-were tested as well as hypotheses regarding mediation effects of the social support variables in the association between social media use and depression...
April 13, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651747/tauroursodeoxycholic-acid-improves-motor-symptoms-in-a-mouse-model-of-parkinson-s-disease
#17
Alexandra Isabel Rosa, Sara Duarte-Silva, Anabela Silva-Fernandes, Maria João Nunes, Andreia Neves Carvalho, Elsa Rodrigues, Maria João Gama, Cecília Maria Pereira Rodrigues, Patrícia Maciel, Margarida Castro-Caldas
Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by severe motor symptoms, and currently there is no treatment that retards disease progression or reverses damage prior to the time of clinical diagnosis. Tauroursodeoxycholic acid (TUDCA) is neuroprotective in the 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) mouse model of PD; however, its effect in PD motor symptoms has never been addressed. In the present work, an extensive behavior analysis was performed to better characterize the MPTP model of PD and to evaluate the effects of TUDCA in the prevention/improvement of mice phenotype...
April 12, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650414/joint-laxity-in-preschool-children-born-preterm
#18
Domenico M Romeo, Chiara Velli, Simona Lucibello, Gloria Ferrantini, Giuseppina Leo, Claudia Brogna, Francesco Cota, Daniela Ricci, Francesca Gallini, Costantino Romagnoli, Giovanni Vento, Eugenio Mercuri
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of joint laxity in children born preterm assessed in the first 2 years, the relationship between joint laxity and motor performance at preschool age, and possible changes over time in a subgroup of children followed longitudinally. STUDY DESIGN: The revised scale of Beighton Score was used to evaluate joint laxity in a population of 132 preschool children born preterm between 24 and 32 weeks of gestational age. All were assessed for joint laxity between 12 and 24 months of age...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644751/disease-modification-in-parkinson-s-disease-current-approaches-challenges-and-future-considerations
#19
REVIEW
Anthony E Lang, Alberto J Espay
The greatest unmet therapeutic need in Parkinson's disease is the development of treatment that slows the relentless progression of the neurodegenerative process. The concept of "disease modification" encompasses intervention types ranging from those designed to slow the underlying degeneration to treatments directed at regenerating or replacing lost neurons. To date all attempts to develop effective disease-modifying therapy have failed. Many reasons have been proposed for these failures including our rudimentary understanding of disease pathogenesis and the assumption that each targeted mechanisms of disease apply to most patients with the same clinical diagnosis...
April 11, 2018: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643625/formulation-of-a-multivariate-predictive-model-for-difficult-intubation-a-double-blinded-prospective-study
#20
Anoop Kanwal Chhina, Richa Jain, Parshotam Lal Gautam, Jony Garg, Nidhi Singh, Anju Grewal
Background and Aims: Various models were devised for prediction of difficult intubation but have low positive predictive value, sensitivity and specificity. We aimed to predict difficult intubation from various airway predictive indices, in isolation and combination, and to formulate a multivariate model that can aid in accurate prediction of difficult intubation. Material and Methods: A prospective double blinded study was conducted on 500 adult patients scheduled for elective surgery under general anaesthesia...
January 2018: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
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