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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456933/pediatricians-lack-knowledge-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-functional-constipation-in-children-over-6-mo-of-age
#1
Ariani Widodo, Badriul Hegar, Yvan Vandenplas
AIM: To assess the knowledge of general pediatricians througout Indonesia about the diagnosis and treatment of childhood constipation. METHODS: A comprehensive questionnaire was distributed to general pediatricians from several teaching hospitals and government hospitals all over Indonesia. RESULTS: Data were obtained from 100 pediatricians, with a mean of 78.34 ± 18.00 mo clinical practice, from 20 cities throughout Indonesia. Suspicion of constipation in a child over 6 mo of age arises when the child presents with a decreased frequency of bowel movements (according to 87% of participants) with a mean of one bowel movement per 3...
February 8, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456829/processing-of-acceleration-and-dive-data-on-board-satellite-relay-tags-to-investigate-diving-and-foraging-behaviour-in-free-ranging-marine-predators
#2
Sam L Cox, Florian Orgeret, Mathieu Gesta, Charles Rodde, Isaac Heizer, Henri Weimerskirch, Christophe Guinet
Biologging technologies are changing the way in which the marine environment is observed and monitored. However, because device retrieval is typically required to access the high-resolution data they collect, their use is generally restricted to those animals that predictably return to land. Data abstraction and transmission techniques aim to address this, although currently these are limited in scope and do not incorporate, for example, acceleration measurements which can quantify animal behaviours and movement patterns over fine-scales...
January 2018: Methods in Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455139/implications-of-movement-for-species-distribution-models-rethinking-environmental-data-tools
#3
REVIEW
Stijn Bruneel, Sacha Gobeyn, Pieterjan Verhelst, Jan Reubens, Tom Moens, Peter Goethals
Movement is considered an essential process in shaping the distributions of species. Nevertheless, most species distribution models (SDMs) still focus solely on environment-species relationships to predict the occurrence of species. Furthermore, the currently used indirect estimates of movement allow to assess habitat accessibility, but do not provide an accurate description of movement. Better proxies of movement are needed to assess the dispersal potential of individual species and to gain a more practical insight in the interconnectivity of communities...
February 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454286/the-vasodilatory-effect-of-allopurinol-mediates-its-antihypertensive-effect-effects-on-calcium-movement-and-cardiac-hemodynamics
#4
Hany M El-Bassossy, Mona F Mahmoud, Basma G Eid
Despite the reported reduction in blood pressure in hypertensive patients treated with allopurinol, the mechanism of the allopurinol hypotensive effect is still unclear. In the current study, the hypotensive effect of allopurinol has been fully investigated in hypertensive rats. Hypertension was induced in rats by angiotensin II (120 ng/min/kg) infusion for two weeks. Rats were then subjected to real-time recording of blood pressure, left ventricular pressure and volume and surface ECG. After 10 min of basal recording, allopurinol was slowly injected into the femoral vein with a dose of 10 μmole/kg...
February 14, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453357/the-effect-of-fidget-spinners-on-fine-motor-control
#5
Erez James Cohen, Riccardo Bravi, Diego Minciacchi
Fidgeting, defined as the generation of small movements through nervousness or impatience, is one of cardinal characteristic of ADHD. While fidgeting is, by definition, a motor experience still nothing is known about the effects of fidgeting on motor control. Some forms of fidgeting involve also the manipulation of external objects which, through repetition, may become automatic and second nature. Both repetition and practice are important for the acquisition of motor skills and, therefore, it is plausible that the repetitive manipulation of objects may influence motor control and performance...
February 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452026/general-movements-and-motor-outcomes-in-two-infants-exposed-to-zika-virus-brief-report
#6
Daniele de Almeida Soares-Marangoni, Natália Matos Tedesco, Andressa Lagoa Nascimento, Priscila Rimoli De Almeida, Caroline Neder Dos Santos Pereira
OBJECTIVE: We described the general movements (GMs) in the fidgety period and the motor performance of two infants who were exposed to Zika virus (ZIKV) during distinct trimesters of gestation. METHODS: Infants were assessed at 4 and 12 months of age. Prechtl's GM assessment and the Alberta Infant Motor Scale were used. RESULTS: In Case 1, the mother presented confirmed ZIKV infection in the 10th week of gestation and the infant was born full-term with brain abnormalities and microcephaly...
February 16, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450807/an-eye-fixation-related-potential-study-in-two-reading-tasks-reading-to-memorize-and-reading-to-make-a-decision
#7
Aline Frey, Benoît Lemaire, Laurent Vercueil, Anne Guérin-Dugué
We investigated how two different reading tasks, namely reading to memorize [Read & Memorize (RM)] and reading to decide whether a text was relevant to a given topic [Read & Decide (RD)], modulated both eye movements (EM) and brain activity. To this end, we set up an ecological paradigm using the eye fixation-related potentials (EFRP) technique, in which participants freely moved their eyes to process short paragraphs, while their electroencephalography (EEG) activity was recorded in synchronization with their EM...
February 15, 2018: Brain Topography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449194/prostaglandin-d2-receptor-dp1-antibodies-predict-vaccine-induced-and-spontaneous-narcolepsy-type-1-large-scale-study-of-antibody-profiling
#8
Helle Sadam, Arno Pihlak, Anri Kivil, Susan Pihelgas, Mariliis Jaago, Priit Adler, Jaak Vilo, Olli Vapalahti, Toomas Neuman, Dan Lindholm, Markku Partinen, Antti Vaheri, Kaia Palm
BACKGROUND: Neuropathological findings support an autoimmune etiology as an underlying factor for loss of orexin-producing neurons in spontaneous narcolepsy type 1 (narcolepsy with cataplexy; sNT1) as well as in Pandemrix influenza vaccine-induced narcolepsy type 1 (Pdmx-NT1). The precise molecular target or antigens for the immune response have, however, remained elusive. METHODS: Here we have performed a comprehensive antigenic repertoire analysis of sera using the next-generation phage display method - mimotope variation analysis (MVA)...
February 2, 2018: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448117/refractory-focal-epilepsy-in-a-paediatric-patient-with-primary-familial-brain-calcification
#9
Juliet K Knowles, Jonathan D Santoro, Brenda E Porter, Fiona M Baumer
Primary familial brain calcification (PFBC), otherwise known as Fahr's disease, is a rare autosomal dominant condition with manifestations of movement disorders, neuropsychiatric symptoms, and epilepsy in a minority of PFBC patients. The clinical presentation of epilepsy in PFBC has not been described in detail. We present a paediatric patient with PFBC and refractory focal epilepsy based on seizure semiology and ictal EEG, but with generalized interictal EEG abnormalities. The patient was found to have a SLC20A2 mutation known to be pathogenic in PFBC, as well as a variant of unknown significance in SCN2A...
February 6, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447910/preventing-non-contact-acl-injuries-in-female-athletes-what-can-we-learn-from-dancers
#10
Catherine Turner, Sarah Crow, Thomas Crowther, Brittany Keating, Trenton Saupan, Jason Pyfer, Kimberly Vialpando, Szu-Ping Lee
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of dance experience and movement instruction on lower extremity kinematics and muscle activation during a landing task. DESIGN: Cross-sectional case control. SETTING: Laboratory setting. PARTICIPANTS: 27 female subjects (age 18-25) in 2 groups: dancers (n = 12) and non-dancers (n = 15). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Lower extremity biomechanics during drop landing were analyzed...
December 23, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446072/sleep-in-a-comparative-context-investigating-how-human-sleep-differs-from-sleep-in-other-primates
#11
Charles L Nunn, David R Samson
OBJECTIVES: Primates vary in their sleep durations and, remarkably, humans sleep the least per 24-hr period of the 30 primates that have been studied. Using phylogenetic methods that quantitatively situate human phenotypes within a broader primate comparative context, we investigated the evolution of human sleep architecture, focusing on: total sleep duration, rapid eye movement (REM) sleep duration, non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep duration, and proportion of sleep in REM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used two different Bayesian methods: phylogenetic prediction based on phylogenetic generalized least squares and a multistate Onrstein-Uhlenbeck (OU) evolutionary model of random drift and stabilizing selection...
February 14, 2018: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445864/playing-to-your-skills-a-randomised-controlled-trial-evaluating-a-dedicated-video-game-for-minimally-invasive-surgery
#12
Cuan M Harrington, Vishwa Chaitanya, Patrick Dicker, Oscar Traynor, Dara O Kavanagh
BACKGROUND: Video gaming demands elements of visual attention, hand-eye coordination and depth perception which may be contiguous with laparoscopic skill development. General video gaming has demonstrated altered cortical plasticity and improved baseline/acquisition of minimally invasive skills. The present study aimed to evaluate for skill acquisition associated with a commercially available dedicated laparoscopic video game (Underground) and its unique (laparoscopic-like) controller for the Nintendo®Wii U™ console...
February 14, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444230/social-movement-involvement-and-healthy-diet-and-activity-behaviors-among-us-adults
#13
Elizabeth A Emley, Dara R Musher-Eizenman
Unhealthy lifestyle behaviors, namely poor diet and inadequate physical activity, significantly contribute to poor health and obesity risk, which in turn impact chronic illness outcomes. A possible approach to improving these health behaviors and subsequent outcomes is to capitalize on the theorized link between social movement involvement and overlapping health behaviors. Social movement involvement may be a viable stealth intervention for health, utilizing intrinsic motivators to improve health without an explicit focus on changing health behavior...
February 12, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444208/death-on-demand-an-analysis-of-physician-administered-euthanasia-in-the-netherlands
#14
Robert Preston
Background: Physician-administered euthanasia (PAE) was legalized, along with physician-assisted suicide (PAS), in The Netherlands in 2001. Sources of data: Annual reports of the Dutch Regional Euthanasia Review Committees, the committees' 2015 published Code of Practice and research studies. Areas of agreement: There is a general openness about the practice of PAE/PAS in The Netherlands and an avoidance of misleading euphemisms. The 2001 law also includes arrangements for post-event review of PAE/PAS decisions...
February 12, 2018: British Medical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443024/battery-of-behavioral-tests-assessing-general-locomotion-muscular-strength-and-coordination-in-mice
#15
Karlaina Jl Osmon, Meera Vyas, Evan Woodley, Patrick Thompson, Jagdeep S Walia
Behavioral testing is used in pre-clinical trials to assess the phenotypic effects and outcomes that a particular disease or treatment has on the animal's wellbeing and health. There are numerous behavioral tests that may be applied. We selected a test for general locomotion, the open field test (OFT); a test for muscular strength, the mesh test (MT); and a test for coordination, the rotarod test (RR). Testing can be accomplished on a weekly or monthly basis. As a test for general locomotion, the OFT works by objectively monitoring movement parameters while the mouse is in an open field apparatus...
January 23, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441739/a-survey-of-radiation-therapy-utilization-in-korea-from-2010-to-2016-focusing-on-use-of-intensity-modulated-radiation-therapy
#16
Chai Hong Rim, Jeongshim Lee, Woo Chul Kim, DaeSik Yang, Won Sup Yoon, Woong Sub Koom, Chul Yong Kim
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess the recent changes of radiation therapy (RT) modalities in Korea. In particular, we focused on intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) utilization as the main index, presenting the application status of advanced RT. METHODS: We collected information from the Korean Health and Insurance Review and Assessment Service data based on the National Health Insurance Service claims and reimbursements records by using treatment codes from 2010 to 2016...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441343/construct-validity-of-the-movement-assessment-battery-for-children-second-edition-test-in-preschool-children-with-respect-to-age-and-gender
#17
Jakub Kokštejn, Martin Musálek, James J Tufano
Background: The Movement Assessment Battery for Children-second edition (MABC-2) Age Band 1 is widely used to identify preschoolers with motor difficulties. Despite unsatisfactory construct validity of the original three-factor model, MABC-2 (manual dexterity, aiming and catching, and balance), previous research has not considered possible age and gender differences throughout the entire preschool period. Aim: The aim of this study was to verify the construct validity of the MABC-2 Age Band 1 in a population of Czech preschoolers with respect to age and gender...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440943/state-of-the-art-of-robotic-surgery-related-to-vision-brain-and-eye-applications-of-newly-available-devices
#18
REVIEW
Raffaele Nuzzi, Luca Brusasco
Background: Robot-assisted surgery has revolutionized many surgical subspecialties, mainly where procedures have to be performed in confined, difficult to visualize spaces. Despite advances in general surgery and neurosurgery, in vivo application of robotics to ocular surgery is still in its infancy, owing to the particular complexities of microsurgery. The use of robotic assistance and feedback guidance on surgical maneuvers could improve the technical performance of expert surgeons during the initial phase of the learning curve...
2018: Eye and Brain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438844/top-down-expectation-effects-of-food-labels-on-motivation
#19
Joost Wegman, Ilke van Loon, Paul A M Smeets, Roshan Cools, Esther Aarts
Labels on food packages inform our beliefs, shaping our expectations of food properties, such as its expected taste and healthiness. These beliefs can influence the processing of caloric rewards beyond objective sensory properties and have the potential to impact decision making. However, no studies, within or beyond the food domain, have assessed how written information, such as food labels, affect implicit motivation to obtain rewards, even though choices in daily life might be strongly driven by implicit motivational biases...
February 10, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436799/-eye-of-the-tiger-in-a-non-responsive-neuropsychiatric-patient-a-case-report
#20
Milad Hosseinialhashemi, Babak Daneshfard, Atefe Hashemi
Hallervorden-Spatz syndrome is a rare neurodegenerative disorder with hereditary properties. It usually occurs in young adolescents with extrapyramidal symptoms besides disturbed mental function. In this study, we present a 23-year-old neuropsychiatric patient who primarily misdiagnosed to have conversion disorder. She had 5-year history of progressive dysarthria and generalized abnormal movements. After detecting the pathognomonic sign of "eye of the tiger" diagnosis was confirmed. The patient was discharged...
January 2018: Acta Medica Iranica
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