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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210895/combining-physiological-environmental-and-locational-sensors-for-citizen-oriented-health-applications
#1
J J Huck, J D Whyatt, P Coulton, B Davison, A Gradinar
This work investigates the potential of combining the outputs of multiple low-cost sensor technologies for the direct measurement of spatio-temporal variations in phenomena that exist at the interface between our bodies and the environment. The example used herein is the measurement of personal exposure to traffic pollution, which may be considered as a function of the concentration of pollutants in the air and the frequency and volume of that air which enters our lungs. The sensor-based approach described in this paper removes the 'traditional' requirements either to model or interpolate pollution levels or to make assumptions about the physiology of an individual...
March 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210651/analysis-of-platelet-rich-plasma-extraction-variations-in-platelet-and-blood-components-between-4-common-commercial-kits
#2
Jane Fitzpatrick, Max K Bulsara, Paul Robert McCrory, Martin D Richardson, Ming Hao Zheng
BACKGROUND: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has been extensively used as a treatment in tissue healing in tendinopathy, muscle injury, and osteoarthritis. However, there is variation in methods of extraction, and this produces different types of PRP. PURPOSE: To determine the composition of PRP obtained from 4 commercial separation kits, which would allow assessment of current classification systems used in cross-study comparisons. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study...
January 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209283/community-audit-of-social-civil-and-activity-domains-in-diverse-environments-cascadde
#3
Emily A Knapp, Claudia Nau, Sy Brandau, Joseph DeWalle, Annemarie G Hirsch, Lisa Bailey-Davis, Brian S Schwartz, Thomas A Glass
There are currently no direct observation environmental audit tools that measure diverse aspects of the obesity-related environment efficiently and reliably in a variety of geographic settings. The goal was to develop a new instrument to reliably characterize the overall properties and features of rural, suburban, and urban settings along multiple dimensions. The Community Audit of Social, Civil, and Activity Domains in Diverse Environments (CASCADDE) is an iPad-based instrument that incorporates GPS coordinates and photography and comprises 214 items yielding seven summary indices...
February 10, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209049/5-point-checklist-for-skin-cancer-detection-in-primary-care
#4
Elvira Moscarella, Aimilios Lallas, Caterina Longo, Roberto Alfano, Giuseppe Argenziano
BACKGROUND: Skin cancer screening interventions often relay on the involvement of general practitioners (GPs). Many interventions up to now have been directed to training approaches focusing on the clinical features of skin malignancies to increase GPs skill in skin cancer recognition. METHODS: Based on the available current knowledge about skin cancer epidemiology and risk factors, we built up a 5-point checklist to help GPs in triaging patients to be referred to a dermatologist...
February 16, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202810/how-numbers-of-nesting-sea-turtles-can-be-overestimated-by-nearly-a-factor-of-two
#5
Nicole Esteban, Jeanne A Mortimer, Graeme C Hays
Estimating the absolute number of individuals in populations and their fecundity is central to understanding the ecosystem role of species and their population dynamics as well as allowing informed conservation management for endangered species. Estimates of abundance and fecundity are often difficult to obtain for rare or cryptic species. Yet, in addition, here we show for a charismatic group, sea turtles, that are neither cryptic nor rare and whose nesting is easy to observe, that the traditional approach of direct observations of nesting has likely led to a gross overestimation of the number of individuals in populations and underestimation of their fecundity...
February 22, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202210/investigating-adverse-events-following-immunisation-with-pneumococcal-polysaccharide-vaccine-using-electronic-general-practice-data
#6
L Trinh, K Macartney, P McIntyre, C Chiu, A Dey, R Menzies
BACKGROUND: In early 2011, following an increased number of reports of severe vaccine-related injection site reactions, Australian authorities recommended against administering repeat doses of the 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (23vPPV) in otherwise healthy adults. The aim of this study was to assess a source of electronic medical record data from primary care providers (General Practitioners, GPs), for validity and ability to retrospectively detect this adverse event signal...
February 12, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199877/characterising-stormwater-gross-pollutants-captured-in-catch-basin-inserts
#7
Md Zahanggir Alam, A H M Faisal Anwar, Dipok Chandra Sarker, Anna Heitz, Craig Rothleitner
The accumulation of wash-off solid waste, termed gross pollutants (GPs), in drainage systems has become a major constraint for best management practices (BMPs) of stormwater. GPs should be captured at source before the material clogs the drainage network, seals the infiltration capacity of side entry pits or affects the aquatic life in receiving waters. BMPs intended to reduce stormwater pollutants include oil and grit separators, grassed swales, vegetated filter strips, retention ponds, and catch basin inserts (CBIs) are used to remove GP at the source and have no extra land use requirement because they are typically mounted within a catch basin (e...
February 12, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197709/glasgow-prognostic-score-and-prognosis-after-hepatectomy-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#8
Tomoyuki Abe, Hirotaka Tashiro, Tsuyoshi Kobayashi, Minoru Hattori, Shintaro Kuroda, Hideki Ohdan
BACKGROUND: Systemic inflammation can promote tumor growth. The Glasgow Prognostic Score (GPS), a simple assessment of systemic inflammation status, could be useful to predict the prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients after hepatectomy. METHODS: Consecutive HCC patients were enrolled following hepatectomy at our institution between 2005 and 2012. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify variables associated with overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival...
February 14, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196951/understanding-repeated-non-attendance-in-health-services-a-pilot-analysis-of-administrative-data-and-full-study-protocol-for-a-national-retrospective-cohort
#9
Andrea E Williamson, David A Ellis, Philip Wilson, Ross McQueenie, Alex McConnachie
INTRODUCTION: Understanding the causes of low engagement in healthcare is a pre-requisite for improving health services' contribution to tackling health inequalities. Low engagement includes missing healthcare appointments. Serially (having a pattern of) missing general practice (GP) appointments may provide a risk marker for vulnerability and poorer health outcomes. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A proof of concept pilot using GP appointment data and a focus group with GPs informed the development of missed appointment categories: patients can be classified based on the number of appointments missed each year...
February 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196945/healthcare-experiences-of-patients-with-age-related-macular-degeneration-have-things-improved-cross-sectional-survey-responses-of-macular-society-members-in-2013-compared-with-1999
#10
Emily M Boxell, Winfried M Amoaku, Clare Bradley
OBJECTIVE: To investigate healthcare experiences of patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and determine whether a previous survey and Royal College of Ophthalmologists (RCOphth) management guidelines brought improvements. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey of Macular Society members in 2013 compared with previous 1999 survey. SETTING: UK Postal Questionnaires. PARTICIPANTS: 1169 respondents in 2013 (1187 in 1999)...
February 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196848/gps-based-exposure-to-greenness-and-walkability-and-accelerometry-based-physical-activity
#11
Peter James, Jaime E Hart, J Aaron Hipp, Jonathan Mitchell, Jacqueline Kerr, Philip M Hurvitz, Karen Glanz, Francine Laden
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is a risk factor for cancer that may be influenced by environmental factors. Indeed, dense and well-connected built environments and environments with natural vegetation may create opportunities for higher routine physical activity. However, studies have focused primarily on residential environments to define exposure and self-reported methods to estimate physical activity. The current study explores the momentary association between minute-level global positioning systems (GPS)-based greenness exposure and time-matched objectively measured physical activity...
February 14, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196835/briefing-gps-and-private-work
#12
Gareth Iacobucci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196828/systematic-review-of-the-effectiveness-barriers-and-facilitators-to-general-practitioner-engagement-with-specialist-secondary-services-in-integrated-palliative-care
#13
REVIEW
Sue-Ann Carmont, Geoffrey Mitchell, Hugh Senior, Michele Foster
: The general practitioner (GP) has a critical role in an integrated model of palliative care as they often know the patient and carer well, are experts in generalist care and have knowledge of health and social services in the community. Specialist palliative services have insufficient capacity to meet demand and those with non-cancer terminal conditions and those from rural and remote areas are underserved. Research has focused on improving access to palliative care by engaging the GP with specialist secondary services in integrated palliative care...
February 14, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196826/gps-are-unsure-about-prescribing-tamoxifen-to-prevent-breast-cancer
#14
Jacqui Wise
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196076/patient-safety-incidents-are-common-in-primary-care-a-national-prospective-active-incident-reporting-survey
#15
Philippe Michel, Jean Brami, Marc Chanelière, Marion Kret, Anne Mosnier, Isabelle Dupie, Anouk Haeringer-Cholet, Maud Keriel-Gascou, Claire Maradan, Frédéric Villebrun, Meredith Makeham, Jean-Luc Quenon
BACKGROUND: The study objectives were to describe the incidence and the nature of patient safety incidents (PSIs) in primary care general practice settings, and to explore the association between these incidents and practice or organizational characteristics. METHODS: GPs, randomly selected from a national influenza surveillance network (n = 800) across France, prospectively reported any incidents observed each day over a one-week period between May and July 2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195980/importance-reliability-and-usefulness-of-acceleration-measures-in-team-sports
#16
Jace A Delaney, Cloe J Cummins, Heidi R Thornton, Grant M Duthie
The ability to accelerate, decelerate and change direction efficiently is imperative to successful team-sports performance. Traditional intensity-based thresholds for acceleration and deceleration may be inappropriate for time-series data, and have been shown to exhibit poor reliability, suggesting other techniques may be preferable. This study assessed movement data from one professional rugby league team throughout two full seasons and one pre-season period. Using both 5 Hz and 10 Hz global positioning systems (GPS) units, a range of acceleration-based variables were evaluated for their inter-unit reliability, ability to discriminate between positions, and associations with perceived muscle soreness...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195777/hiv-prevention-opportunities-with-gps-based-social-and-sexual-networking-applications-for-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#17
Wendasha Jenkins Hall, Christina J Sun, Amanda E Tanner, Lilli Mann, Jason Stowers, Scott D Rhodes
The goal of this study was to gain insight on the sexual health needs of men who have sex with men (MSM) who use GPS-based social and sexual networking mobile applications (apps) and the future utility of app-based interventions. A health educator promoted HIV-testing resources in four popular apps used by MSM. Content analysis was used to identify salient themes that emerged from the conversations. Four major themes were identified: (1) soliciting sexual encounters, (2) relationship building, (3) HIV and STI-testing inquiries, and (4) seeking other sexual health information...
February 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193663/results-from-a-patient-based-health-education-intervention-in-reducing-antibiotic-use-for-acute-upper-respiratory-tract-infections-in-the-private-sector-primary-care-setting-in-singapore
#18
Magdalene Hui Min Lee, Darius Shaw Teng Pan, Joyce Huixin Huang, Mark I-Cheng Chen, Joash Wen Chen Chong, Ee Hui Goh, Lili Jiang, Yee Sin Leo, Tau Hong Lee, Chia Siong Wong, Victor Weng Keong Loh, Fong Seng Lim, Adrian Zhongxian Poh, Tat Yean Tham, Wei Mon Wong, Yue Yu
We investigated the efficacy of patient-targeted education in reducing antibiotic prescriptions for upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) amongst adults in the private primary care setting in Singapore. Our randomized controlled trial enrolled patients aged 21 years and above presenting at GP (general practitioner) clinics with URTI symptoms for 7 days or less. Intervention arm patients were verbally educated via pamphlets about the aetiology of URTIs, role of antibiotics in treating URTIs, and consequences of inappropriate antibiotic use...
February 13, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193619/improving-specialist-drug-prescribing-in-primary-care-using-task-and-error-analysis-an-observational-study
#19
Narinder Chana, Talya Porat, Cate Whittlesea, Brendan Delaney
BACKGROUND: Electronic prescribing has benefited from computerised clinical decision support systems (CDSSs); however, no published studies have evaluated the potential for a CDSS to support GPs in prescribing specialist drugs. AIM: To identify potential weaknesses and errors in the existing process of prescribing specialist drugs that could be addressed in the development of a CDSS. DESIGN AND SETTING: Semi-structured interviews with key informants followed by an observational study involving GPs in the UK...
February 13, 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193617/prescribing-tamoxifen-in-primary-care-for-the-prevention-of-breast-cancer-a-national-online-survey-of-gps-attitudes
#20
Samuel G Smith, Robbie Foy, Jennifer A McGowan, Lindsay C Kobayashi, Andrea de Censi, Karen Brown, Lucy Side, Jack Cuzick
BACKGROUND: The cancer strategy for England (2015-2020) recommends GPs prescribe tamoxifen for breast cancer primary prevention among women at increased risk. AIM: To investigate GPs' attitudes towards prescribing tamoxifen. DESIGN AND SETTING: In an online survey, GPs in England, Northern Ireland, and Wales (n = 928) were randomised using a 2 × 2 between-subjects design to read one of four vignettes describing a healthy patient seeking a tamoxifen prescription...
February 13, 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
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