keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Death risks

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231667/-association-between-body-mass-index-and-both-total-and-cause-specific-mortality-in-china-findings-from-data-through-the-china-kadoorie-biobank
#1
L X Wang, M Y Fan, C Q Yu, Y Guo, Z Bian, Y L Tan, P Pei, J S Chen, J Lyu, L M Li
Objective: To evaluate the associations between body mass index (BMI) and both total and cause-specific mortality. Methods: After excluding participants with heart disease, stroke, cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and diabetes at baseline study, 428 593 participants aged 30-79 in the China Kadoorie Biobank study were chosen for this study. Participants were categorized into 9 groups according to their BMI status. Cox regression analysis was used to estimate the hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of mortality on BMI...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231661/-a-retrospective-cohort-study-on-survival-status-of-aids-patients-among-15-or-above-year-olds-in-henan-province-from-2008-to-2015
#2
W J Yang, N Li, Y Liang, J Li, P Y Fan, D Y Sun, Q Zhu, Z Wang
Objective: To explore the survival status and affecting factors among patients diagnosed as AIDS, in Henan province. Methods: Database of AIDS patients were downloaded from the China information system for disease prevention and control-AIDS with a retrospective study conducted. Inclusion criteria on patients would involve those diagnosed between 2008 and 2015, aged 15 years or above. Results: A total number of 25 525 HIV/AIDS patients were enrolled in this study. During the follow-up period, the overall mortality among all the patients was 24...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231607/position-in-the-second-stage-of-labour-for-women-with-epidural-anaesthesia
#3
REVIEW
Marion Kibuka, Jim G Thornton
BACKGROUND: Epidural analgesia for pain relief in labour prolongs the second stage of labour and results in more instrumental deliveries. It has been suggested that a more upright position of the mother during all or part of the second stage may counteract these adverse effects. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2013. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of different birthing positions (upright and recumbent) during the second stage of labour, on important maternal and fetal outcomes for women with epidural analgesia...
February 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231316/a-balanced-solution-to-the-cumulative-threat-of-industrialized-wind-farm-development-on-cinereous-vultures-aegypius-monachus-in-south-eastern-europe
#4
Dimitris P Vasilakis, D Philip Whitfield, Vassiliki Kati
Wind farm development can combat climate change but may also threaten bird populations' persistence through collision with wind turbine blades if such development is improperly planned strategically and cumulatively. Such improper planning may often occur. Numerous wind farms are planned in a region hosting the only cinereous vulture population in south-eastern Europe. We combined range use modelling and a Collision Risk Model (CRM) to predict the cumulative collision mortality for cinereous vulture under all operating and proposed wind farms...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231237/announcement-world-birth-defects-day-march-3-2017
#5
(no author information available yet)
Every year, approximately 3%-6% of infants worldwide are born with a serious birth defect (1-5). Birth defects can affect an infant regardless of birthplace, race, or ethnicity. In many countries, birth defects are among the leading causes of death for infants and young children (6). Those who survive and live with these conditions are at an increased risk for lifelong disabilities.
February 24, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230897/unnatural-and-violent-death-in-cases-with-high-blood-alcohol-concentration-autopsy-study
#6
Danica Cvetković, Vladimir Živković, Vera Lukić, Slobodan Nikolić
The use of alcohol increases the risk of dying from unnatural or violent causes. The presented study explored the distribution of age, gender, cause, and circumstances of death in persons who died in an unnatural and violent manner, with a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) higher than 0.3 g/dL, and where the cause of death was not alcohol intoxication. We defined the control (0 < BAC < 0.3 g/dL) and study (BAC ≥ 0.3 g/dL) groups, as in subjects with these concentrations, there is a significant risk of gross intoxication, stupor, and death...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230712/updating-evidence-for-using-hypothermia-in-pediatric-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-conventional-and-bayesian-meta-analytic-perspectives
#7
Robert C Tasker, Frederick W Vonberg, Elizabeth D Ulano, Alireza Akhondi-Asl
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate clinical trials of hypothermia management on outcome in pediatric patients with severe traumatic brain injury using conventional and Bayesian meta-analyses. DATA SOURCES: Screening of PubMed and other databases to identify randomized controlled trials of hypothermia for pediatric severe traumatic brain injury published before September 2016. STUDY SELECTION: Four investigators assessed and reviewed randomized controlled trial data...
February 20, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230629/point-of-injury-tourniquet-application-during-operation-protective-edge-what-de-we-learn
#8
Amir Shlaifer, Avraham Yitzhak, Erez N Baruch, Avi Shina, Alexandra Satanovsky, Amiram Shovali, Ofer Almog, Elon Glassberg
BACKGROUND: Hemorrhage is a leading cause of preventable death on the battlefield. Timely tourniquet application to massively bleeding extremity wounds is critical for casualty survival albeit with reported adverse effects to extremity integrity. The aim of this study was to describe the immediate and short term outcomes of point of injury (POI) tourniquet applications during 'Operation Protective Edge' (OPE). METHODS: A case series study regarding tourniquet application at the POI during OPE was collected...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230577/suicide-and-suicide-attempts-on-hospital-grounds-and-clinic-areas
#9
Peter D Mills, Bradley V Watts, Robin R Hemphill
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to describe suicide and suicide attempts that occurred while the patient was on hospital grounds, common spaces, and clinic areas using root cause analysis (RCA) reports of these events in a national health care organization in the United States. METHOD: This is an observational review of all RCA reports of suicide and suicide attempts on hospital grounds, common spaces, and clinic areas in our system between December 1, 1999, and December 31, 2014...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230291/therapeutic-potentials-of-bdnf-trkb-in-breast-cancer-current-status-and-perspectives
#10
Amir Tajbakhsh, Amin Mokhtari-Zaer, Mehdi Rezaee, Fahimeh Afzaljavan, Mehdi Rivandi, Seyed Mahdi Hassanian, Gordon A Ferns, Alireza Pasdar, Amir Avan
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a potent neurotrophic factor that has been shown to stimulate breast cancer cell growth and metastasis via tyrosine kinase receptors TrkA, TrkB and the p75(NTR) death receptor. The aberrant activation of BDNF/TrkB pathways can modulate several signaling pathways, including Akt/PI3K, Jak/STAT, NF-kB, UPAR/UPA, Wnt/β-catenin and VEGF pathways as well as the ER receptor. Several microRNAs have been identified that are involved in the modulation of BDNF/TrkB pathways...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230191/lung-gastric-and-colorectal-cancer-mortality-by-occupation-and-industry-among-working-aged-men-in-japan
#11
Hisashi Eguchi, Koji Wada, David Prieto-Merino, Derek R Smith
We examined occupational and industrial differences in lung, gastric, and colorectal cancer risk among Japanese men of working age (25-64 years) using the 2010 Japanese national survey data for occupation and industry-specific death rates. Poisson regression models were used to estimate the age-adjusted incident rate ratios by lung, gastric, and colorectal cancers, with manufacturing used as the referent occupation or industry. Unemployed Japanese men and those in manufacturing had an 8-11-fold increased risk of lung, gastric and colorectal cancer...
February 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229990/clinical-analysis-of-postpartum-hemorrhage-requiring-massive-transfusions-at-a-tertiary-center
#12
Jun Hu, Zhu-Ping Yu, Peng Wang, Chun-Yan Shi, Hui-Xia Yang
BACKGROUND: The reports on massive transfusions (MTs) in obstetrics have recently been an increasing trend. We aimed to define the clinical features, risk factors, main causes, and outcomes of MTs due to severe postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) and the frequency trends over the past 10 years. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data of 3552 PPH patients who were at ≥28 weeks of gestation in the Obstetric Department of Peking University First Hospital from January 2006 to February 2015...
2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229456/body-mass-index-waist-circumference-and-mortality-in-a-large-multiethnic-postmenopausal-cohort-results-from-the-women-s-health-initiative
#13
Zhao Chen, Yann C Klimentidis, Jennifer W Bea, Kacey C Ernst, Chengcheng Hu, Rebecca Jackson, Cynthia A Thomson
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the relationship between anthropometric measurements of obesity and mortality varies according to age, race, and ethnicity in older women. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study of multiethnic postmenopausal women. SETTING: Women's Health Initiative (WHI) observational study and clinical trials in 40 clinics. PARTICIPANTS: Postmenopausal women aged 50-79 participating in WHI (N = 161,808). MEASUREMENTS: Baseline height, weight, and waist circumference (WC) were measured, and body mass index (BMI) was calculated based on height and weight...
February 23, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229431/hypertensive-disorders-of-pregnancy
#14
REVIEW
Sahar Naderi, Sandra A Tsai, Abha Khandelwal
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Although pregnancy-related deaths are rare in the USA, they are on the rise and have more than doubled in the last 20 years. A substantial portion of these deaths are related to cardiovascular disease, specifically hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP). In this review, we will discuss the definitions and proposed pathophysiology of HDP as well as its potential role in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. RECENT FINDINGS: Placental hypoperfusion may lead to an imbalance in proangiogenic and antiangiogenic factors, notably an increase in soluble fms-like tyrosine kinsase-1 (sFlt-1), thereby leading to endothelial dysfunction...
March 2017: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229313/knowledge-and-protective-behaviors-about-skin-cancer-among-nursing-students-in-the-west-black-sea-region-of-turkey
#15
Sevim Çelik, Arzu Ilçe, Işıl Işik Andsoy
Skin cancer is an important health problem worldwide among cancer types and results in death at a minimum level in the case of early diagnosis. Therefore, the application of prevention programs is vital. Nurses by definition take responsibility for programs in prevention, early diagnosis, and screening for cancer. This study was conducted to determine the extent of skin cancer knowledge and protective behaviors among nursing students in the West Black Sea Region of Turkey. This cross-sectional, descriptive study was conducted between February and May 2015...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229272/prophylactic-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-in-heart-failure-the-growing-evidence-for-all-or-primum-non-nocere-for-some
#16
REVIEW
Khang-Li Looi, Nigel Lever, Anthony Tang, Sharad Agarwal
Heart failure (HF) is a common health problem and has reached epidemic in many western countries. Despite the current era of HF treatment, the risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in HF remains significant. Implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) support has been shown to reduce the risk of SCD in patients with HF and impaired left ventricular function. Prophylactic ICD implantation in HF patients seems a logical step to reduce mortality through a reduction in SCD. However, ICD implantation is an invasive procedure, and both short- and long-term complications can occur...
February 23, 2017: Heart Failure Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229201/-sudden-cardiac-death-epidemiology-pathophysiology-and-risk-stratification
#17
B Rudic, E Tülümen, V Liebe, J Kuschyk, I Akin, M Borggrefe
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) remains a major public health burden despite revolutionary progress in the last three decades in the treatment of ventricular tachyarrhythmia with the use of implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) therapy. Survivors of sudden cardiac arrest are at high risk for recurrent tachyarrhythmia events. Early recognition of low left ventricular ejection fractions (≤35%) as a strong predictor of mortality and the causal association between ventricular tachyarrhythmia and SCD has led to a significant development of not only pharmacological antiarrhythmic therapy but also device-based prevention of SCD...
February 22, 2017: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229198/-catheter-ablation-of-ventricular-tachycardia-what-have-we-achieved
#18
T Konrad, B A Hoffmann, T Rostock
The role of catheter ablation in patients with ventricular tachycardia (VT) has evolved over the last two decades into an established treatment option. In patients with idiopathic VT catheter ablation is the gold standard treatment option with high effectiveness and low risk of complications. Due to the high risk of side effects the use of antiarrhythmic drugs is only indicated in exceptional cases. In patients with structural heart diseases, such as ischemic and dilated cardiomyopathy, VT is the most frequent cause of death...
February 22, 2017: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229101/factors-associated-with-infant-bed-sharing
#19
Megan Heere, Beth Moughan, Joseph Alfonsi, Jennifer Rodriguez, Stephen Aronoff
Objective: Bed-sharing is associated with sudden infant death syndrome and accidental suffocation and strangulation in bed. The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors for newborn bed-sharing. Methods: Postpartum mothers from a university maternity service were contacted by phone to complete a survey. Demographic and environmental data were collected; newborn bed-sharing and sleep environment were self-reported. Results: A total of 1261 mothers completed surveys; bed-sharing was reported by 79 mothers (6...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229070/improving-the-estimation-of-risk-adjusted-grouped-hospital-standardized-mortality-ratios-using-cross-jurisdictional-linked-administrative-data-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#20
Katrina Spilsbury, Diana Rosman, Janine Alan, Anna M Ferrante, James H Boyd, James B Semmens
BACKGROUND: Hospitals and death registries in Australia are operated under individual state government jurisdictions. Some state borders are located in heavily populated areas or are located near to major capital cities. Mortality indicators for hospital located near state borders may not be estimated accurately if patients are lost as they cross state borders. The aim of this study was to evaluate how cross-jurisdictional linkage of state hospital and death records across state borders may improve estimation of the hospital standardized mortality ratio (HSMR), a tool used in Australia as a hospital performance indicator...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
keyword
keyword
93419
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"