Read by QxMD icon Read

Heavy metal screen tests

Solomon Peter Wante, David W M Leung
Tagetes patula (marigold) and Petunia grandiflora (petunia) have been shown to exhibit potential in phytoremediation of environmental pollutants including heavy metals and textile dyes. To investigate their phytoremediation potential of diesel, it was necessary to evaluate diesel phytotoxicity of these two ornamental plants. Marigold and petunia seeds were incubated, for 10 and 15 days, respectively, in deionised water contaminated with 0 to 4%, v/v, diesel in Petri dishes in a growth room with continuous lighting at 25 °C...
June 17, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Marta Staniszewska, Helena Boniecka
It has been shown that the current approach to the assessment of contamination in the sediments obtained during the dredging works in the Baltic countries indicates the presence of "non-contaminated" dredged material. The concentration limits of heavy metals, Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs), Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) have been exceeded only in 1% of the samples obtained during the dredging works (2005-2015) within the Polish coastal zone. After 2008, no contaminated sediments have been found...
May 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Qiang Li, Ying Sun, Huijun Guo, Feng Sang, Hongyu Ma, Hai Peng, Na Zheng, Liran Xu
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been practiced for thousands of years, although concerns about the efficacy, legality, and safety of TCM continue to be raised. Chromatographic studies have detected the presence of heavy metals and plant toxins within some TCM preparations. However, chromatography is not able to identify all of the compounds of TCM, particularly those items that are not clearly labeled on the packaging. The present study aimed to establish a supplemental method that better assesses the ingredient components of TCM preparations...
May 29, 2018: Scientific Reports
Yehui Gang, Eun-Ji Won, Kongtae Ra, Jin Young Choi, Kyun-Woo Lee, Kyoungrean Kim
Treatment of dredged materials is a critical issue, since management and disposal of these products requires considerable investment of monetary resources, time, and space. The high concentration of pollutants in dredged materials, along with high water content and many fine particles make recycling these materials particularly difficult. In order to solve this problem, solidification/stabilization has been considered as a potentially viable solution for recycling dredged marine sediments. However, there are currently no guidelines that address potential biological and environmental impacts...
May 5, 2018: Marine Environmental Research
Benthotage C J De Silva, Sabrina Hossain, Pasan S Dahanayake, Gang-Joon Heo
As the most consumed shrimp variety, white-leg shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) owns a high market demand in Korea. This study sought to screen the frozen white-leg shrimp for Aeromonas spp. harboring antimicrobial and heavy metal resistance characteristics. A total of 44 Aeromonas spp. strains were isolated and tested for antibiotic susceptibility and heavy metal tolerance followed by PCR-based detection of resistance genes and integrons. It was observed that resistance to ampicillin and oxacillin was 100% among isolates...
May 24, 2018: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
Christoph Stephan Schmidt, Libor Mrnka, Tomáš Frantík, Petra Lovecká, Miroslav Vosátka
Putative endophytes of Miscanthus × giganteus were isolated, and screened in the laboratory, greenhouse and field for their plant growth promoting properties in this host. Pantoea ananatis and Pseudomonas savastanoi were the predominant bacteria in leaves whereas other pseudomonads prevailed in roots. Almost all fungal endophytes belonged to the Pezizomycotina and most were isolated from roots; Fusarium oxysporum was most abundant, followed by the genera Periconia, Exophiala, Microdochium and Leptodontidium...
March 13, 2018: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Oluwatosin Gbemisola Oladipo, Obinna Tobechukwu Ezeokoli, Mark Steve Maboeta, Jacobus Johannes Bezuidenhout, Louwrens R Tiedt, Anine Jordaan, Cornelius Carlos Bezuidenhout
Response and growth kinetics of microbes in contaminated medium are useful indices for the screening and selection of tolerant species for eco-friendly bio-augmentative remediation of polluted environments. In this study, the heavy metal (HM) tolerance, bioaccumulation and growth kinetics of seven bacterial strains isolated from mining sites to 10 HMs (Cd, Hg, Ni, Al, Cr, Pb, Cu, Fe, Mn and Zn) at varied concentrations (25-600 mgL-1 ) were investigated. The isolates were phylogenetically (16S rRNA gene) related to Lysinibacillus macroides, Achromobacter spanius, Bacillus kochii, B...
April 15, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Amna Bano, Javaid Hussain, Ali Akbar, Khalid Mehmood, Muhammad Anwar, Muhammad Sharif Hasni, Sami Ullah, Sumbal Sajid, Imran Ali
The presence of heavy metals in the environment poses a serious threat to human health. Remediation of this problem using microorganisms has been widely researched to find a sustainable solution. Obligate halophilic fungi comprising Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus gracilis, Aspergillus penicillioides (sp. 1), Aspergillus penicillioides (sp. 2), Aspergillus restrictus and Sterigmatomyces halophilus were used for the biosorption of cadmium, copper, ferrous, manganese, lead and zinc. The metals were supplemented as salts in potato dextrose broth for the growth of obligate halophilic fungi and incubated for 14 days...
May 2018: Chemosphere
F Benstoem, G Becker, J Firk, M Kaless, D Wuest, J Pinnekamp, A Kruse
Activated Carbon (AC) can be used to reduce organic micropollutants (OMPs) in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). While producing ACs conventionally still damages the environment, this can be reduced by using renewable raw material from waste streams und producing AC locally. In this study, fibers (toilet paper) were separated out of wastewater by screening WWTP influents in full scale and then used as a no-cost, carbon-rich and heavy metal-poor raw material to produce ACs. Pretreatment was hydrothermal carbonization (HTC)...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Zhenyuan Zhu, Qiaoying Song, Fengying Dong
The objective of this study was to investigate the screening, taxonomy characterization, Pb biosorption, and application of the high Pb-resistant fungus F1 separated from the heavy metal contaminated soil. Fungus F1 was screened through metal concentration gradient ranging from 25 to 4000 mg L-1 . The internal transcribed spacers (ITS) of the strain was analyzed by molecular biotechnology. The adsorption conditions were also evaluated. The precipitation of fungus F1 was analyzed by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Fourier transformer infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) techniques...
April 2018: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Ramasamy Mahendran, Murugesan Thandeeswaran, Gopikrishnan Kiran, Mani Arulkumar, K A Ayub Nawaz, Jayamanoharan Jabastin, Balraj Janani, Thomas Anto Thomas, Jayaraman Angayarkanni
Pterin is a member of the compounds known as pteridines. They have the same nucleus of 2-amino-4-hydroxypteridine (pterin); however, the side-chain is different at the position 6, and the state of oxidation of the ring may exist in different form viz. tetrahydro, dihydro, or a fully oxidized form. In the present study, the microorganisms able to utilize cyanide, and heavy metals have been tested for the efficient production of pterin compound. The soil samples contaminated with cyanide and heavy metals were collected from Salem steel industries, Tamil Nadu, India...
June 2018: Current Microbiology
Yanfeng Zhang, Yuwei Han, Jinxi Yang, Lingyan Zhu, Wenjue Zhong
The occurrence, toxicities, and ecological risks of five heavy metals (Pb, Cu, Cd, Zn and Ni) in the sediment of Taihu Lake were investigated in this study. To evaluate the toxicities caused by the heavy metals, the toxicities induced by organic contaminants and ammonia in the sediments were screened out with activated carbon and zeolite. The toxicities of heavy metals in sediments were tested with benthic invertebrates (tubificid and chironomid). The correlations between toxicity of sediment and the sediment quality guidelines (SQGs) derived previously were evaluated...
December 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Donna Green, Marianne Sullivan, Nathan Cooper, Annika Dean, Cielo Marquez
Mount Isa, Queensland, is one of three Australian cities with significant lead emissions due to nonferrous mining and smelting. Unlike the two other cities with lead mines or smelters, Mount Isa currently has no system of annual, systematic, community-wide blood lead level testing; and testing rates among Indigenous children are low. In previous screenings, this group of children has been shown to have higher average blood lead levels than non-Indigenous children. The first aim of this study was to assess whether parents and children would participate in less invasive, rapid point-of-care capillary testing...
December 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
B Kopp, D Zalko, M Audebert
Heavy metals, such as arsenic (As), antimony (Sb), barium (Ba), cadmium (Cd), cobalt (Co), germanium (Ge), lead (Pb), nickel (Ni), tellurium (Te), and vanadium (V) are widely distributed in the environment and in the food chain. Human exposure to heavy metals through water and food has been reported by different international agencies. Although some of these heavy metals are essential elements for human growth and development, they may also be toxic at low concentrations due to indirect mechanisms. In this study, the genotoxic and cytotoxic properties of 15 different oxidation statuses of 11 different heavy metals were investigated using high-throughput screening (γH2AX assay) in two human cell lines (HepG2 and LS-174T) representative of target organs (liver and colon) for food contaminants...
April 2018: Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis
Mojtaba Mohseni, Jaber Abbaszadeh, Shima-Sadat Maghool, Mohammad-Javad Chaichi
Monitoring and assessing toxic materials which are being released into the environment along with wastewater is a growing concern in many industries. The current research describes a highly sensitive and rapid method for the detection of toxic concentrations of heavy metals in aquatic environments. Water samples were collected from southern coasts of the Caspian Sea followed by screening of luminescent bacteria. Phylogenetic analysis, including gene sequence of 16S rRNA, and biochemical tests were performed for identification of the isolate...
February 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Menglu Zhang, Lihua Chen, Chengsong Ye, Xin Yu
Heavy metal contamination of source water frequently occurred in developing countries as a result of accidents. To address the problems, most of the previous studies have focused on engineering countermeasures. In this study, we investigated the effects of heavy metals, particularly copper, on the development of antibiotic resistance by establishing a copper shock loading test. Results revealed that co-selection occurred rapidly within 6 h. Copper, at the levels of 10 and 100 mg/L, significantly increased bacterial resistance to the antibiotics tested, including rifampin, erythromycin, kanamycin, and a few others...
February 2018: Environmental Pollution
Cédric Gonneau, Kinsey Miller, Sanjay K Mohanty, Rengyi Xu, Wei-Ting Hwang, Jane K Willenbring, Brenda B Casper
We examine the feasibility of phytoremediation as an alternative strategy to limit the exposure of asbestos in site with asbestos-containing materials. We collected soils from four locations from two sites-one with naturally occurring asbestos, and another, a superfund site, where asbestos-containing materials were disposed over decades-and performed ecotoxicology tests. We also performed two experiments with crop cultivar and two grasses from serpentine ecotype and cultivar to determined best choice for phytoremediation...
November 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Maria Rita Montereali, Valentina Pinto, Francesca Schiavella, Giovanna Armiento, Massimo Angelone, Cinzia Crovato, Maja Manojlović, Ranko Čabilovski, Carlo Cremisini
The increasing demand for environmental pollution control results in the development and use of new procedures for the determination of dangerous chemicals. Simple screening methods, which can be used directly in the field for a preliminary assessment of soil contamination, seem to be extremely advantageous. In our laboratory, we developed and optimized a rapid test for a preliminary evaluation of both the concentration and the mobility of some potentially toxic metals in soils. This screening test consists of a single extraction of the soil sample with a buffer solution, followed by the titration of the extracted solution with dithizone to determine the contents of bi-valent heavy metals (such as Pb, Cu, Zn, and Cd)...
August 23, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Sungjong Lee, Hongjoo Ha, JinKyung Hong, Guyoung Kang, Chunsang Hong
Industrial wastewater has attracted increasing attention in recent years because of its impact on ecosystems and human health. Whole-effluent tests are generally used to monitor toxicities of unknown chemicals and conventional pollutants from industrial effluent discharges. This study described identification evaluation (TIE) procedures to determine the acute toxicity of a nonmetallic mineral mining facility effluent that was toxic to Daphnia magna. In the characterization step (TIE phase I), toxic effects of heavy metals, organic compounds, oxidants, volatile organic compounds, suspended solids, and ammonia were screened...
January 1, 2017: Toxicology and Industrial Health
Samira Alinejad, Jan Aaseth, Mohammad Abdollahi, Hossein Hassanian-Moghaddam, Omid Mehrpour
Adulteration of drugs with poisonous substances during production or consumption has caused numerous health problems. Among contaminants that have the potential of producing poisonous effects are the heavy metals lead, arsenic and thallium that make up an important group of toxic substances. The emergence of these new health problems related to opioid abuse has precipitated this MiniReview on the status of the most hazardous and common opioid adulterants. In fact, adulterated opium is a major public health problem and can threaten the health of users...
January 2018: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"